当前位置:首页 >> 政史地 >> 高考题型阅读表达的解题技巧

高考题型阅读表达的解题技巧


————阅读表达

Teaching Aims
★ To improve the students’ abilities of reading and responding .

Teaching Procedures

★ Features of reading and responding.(试题特点)

★ Setting for the questions.(问题设置)

★ Strategies for the examination.(备考策略)

Ⅰ高考命题
试题特点
由过去一卷中的客观题改为现在第二卷中的 主观题,即由选择题改为笔答题。 在考查阅读能力的基础上,增加了对书面表达能 力的考查。 问题形式多样,从多方位和多角度考查考生的阅 读和表达能力。 增加了翻译试题,考查考生的翻译能力。 增加了开放型试题,体现了对考生思维的主观。 性,开放性和多样性的考查。

Ⅱ问题设置(6+X)
问题类型 问题要求 概括出短文, 短文中某一段 落的大意或标 题,或指出作 者的写作意图 常见问题
●What’s

主旨概括 ( 1st )

the best title of the passage? ● What is the purpose of the writer’s writing this passage? ● What’s the main idea of the article?

问题类型

问题要求
结合上下文, 将短文中的空 白处用合适的 词语补充完整, 使短文通顺 根据所给的英 文释义寻找短 文中意思相同 的句子

常见问题
● Please

完成句子 ( 2nd )

同意句替代 ( 3rd )

fill in the blank in the passage with proper words or phrase. ● Please find out the sentence in the passage which can be replaced by the following one.

问题类型

问题要求


常见问题

句子翻译 ( 4th )

Translate the 将短文中指定 underlined 的句子翻译成 sentence in the …paragraph 通顺汉语 into Chinese.
● What would you

开放性问题
(Open-ended)

( 5th )

结合文章的不 同题材和体裁 给出的其它类 型的问题

do if you were…? ●Which of the suggestions do you think is the best? Why?
●…

问题类型 封闭性问题
(Close-ended)

问题要求

常见问题

( 6th )

结合个人的观 点态度进行表 ● Regular close述 ended wh-questions based on the passage.

其他类型
(X)

结合文中的某 个问题进行解 答

● Design a diagram
●…

Ⅲ.备考策略
◆76.

What is the best title of the passage? (please answer within 10 words)

77. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? ? You might feel stressed as a result of bad temper, poor quality of sleep of diet.



78. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words of phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) 79. Which of the suggestions do you think is the best for you? Why? (Please answer within 10 words.)





80. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese.

76. What is the best title of the passage? (please answer within 10 words)

key:How to deal with stress
Suggestions on how to deal with stress Ways to cope with stress

所有字母都要大写: HOW TO DEAL WITH STRESS 实词的第一个字母大写:How to Deal with Stress 标题的第一个单词大写:How to deal with stress

Suggestions 找主题句
抓住文章或段落的中心思想,最简单且有效的方法就是找到 主题句,它通常位于段落的开头,有时也在段落的中间或 最后。

找主题词
有时段落中没有明显的主题句,这就需要从段落中寻找主题 词或词组,最后用这些主题词或词组概括和归纳出段落的中 心思想。

概括标题
1.要切合文章的思想内容,不要“题不对文”。 2.要具体,不要空泛。 3.要用单词或短语做标题,不要用冗长的句子。 4.要精炼,不要累赘。

77. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one?
?

You might feel stressed as a result of bad temper, poor quality of sleep or diet.

Key: If you easily get angry and cannot sleep well enough, or if you’re not eating properly, it will be more likely that you will fall into stressful situations.
★bad temper get angry
★poor quality of sleep or diet cannot sleep well enough not eating properly

78. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words of phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.)
?

key: ※do one thing at a time ※work on / focus on /concentrate on 补全信息 1.首先要分析全文讲什么,所填的内容是主旨中的哪个 things separately/ one by one/ 部分,然后再依据空前空后的内容补全信息。 one after another 2.借助空前空后的连词、副词或承上启下的插入语,
如:therefore, then, however, so, thus, as a result, at last, that is to say。 3.破解空前空后内容所提供的信息 。

79. Which of the suggestions do you think is the best for you? Why? (Please answer within 10 words.)

key:I think the last suggestion is the best for me becauseTips arrangement can proper save both time and energy. 开放式问题
☆表达清晰,明了。 ☆多项中任意一项都可选择时选择自己熟悉的。 ☆陈述理由要言简意赅。 ☆突出建议的个性特色。 ☆书写要清楚简洁。

80. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese.

While it is impossible to live completely free of stress, it is possible to prevent stress as well as reduce its effect when it can’t be avoided.

key:虽然生活中不可能没有压力,但是) ( ( ) 当压力无法避免的时候,我们可以预防它 或减轻它带来的影响。

增译法:在翻译时增添一些词,短语或句子 ,以便更
准确地表达出原始所包含的意思的方法。 Eg. What about calling him right away?

马上给他打个电话,你觉得如何? (增译主语和谓语)
Eg. If only I could see the realization of the dream! 要是我能看到梦想的实现该多好啊! (增译主句)

转换法 :在翻译中使译文符合表述方式,方法和习
惯而对原句中的词类、句型和语态进行转换。 Eg: Too much exposure to TV programs will do great harm to the eyesight of children. 孩子们看电视太多会严重损坏他们的视力。 名词 动词 Eg: The reform and opening policy is supported by the whole Chinese people. 改革开放政策得到了全中国人民的拥护。 动词 名词

拆句法 :把一个长而复杂的句子拆译成若干个较短,
较简单的句子。 Eg: Increased cooperation with China is in the interests of the United States. 同中国加强合作,符合美国的利益。 (在主谓连接处拆译) Eg: I wish to thank you for the incomparable hospitality for which the Chinese people are justly famous throughout the world. 我要感谢你们无与伦比的盛情款待。中国人民正是以 这种热情好客而闻名世界的。(在定语从句前拆译)

封闭性问题
该类问题是封闭性的(close-ended),即答案是固定的和唯一的, 可以在文章中找到明确的依据,包括常见的wh-questions

The 47th Annual Grammy Awards show was held on Sunday, Feb. 13,2005, at the Staples Center. The big winners for 2005 were the late Ray Charles, U2,Alicia Keys, Norah Jones, Los Lonely Boys, Kanye West, Usher, John Mayer, Tim McGraw and Maroon 5.
Question: When do you think the 44th Grammy Awards show was held? (please answer within 10 words.) Answer: The 44th Grammy Awards show was held in 2002

? 该题是结合文章的不同题材和体裁给出的其他类型的问 题。

其他类型

An annual MIT survey found that among adults asked what inventions they hate most, but can’t live without, 30% said the cell phones. Alarm clocks were a close second, with 25% hating them, followed by the television with 23% and razors with 14%. The survey has been conducted for the past eight years to determine public inventions, inventors and technology. Question: Design a diagram to show the result of the survey. (Please answer within 20 words)

Items Cell phones Alarm clocks Television

Percentage 30 25 23 14

Razors

KEY TO EXERCISES
☆文章主旨
What’s the general idea of this passage? (Within 10 words) §How to beat a bad mood

§ Ways to get rid of bad moods

☆概括标题
What is the best title of the passage? ( Within 10 words)

§Homecoming Day

☆补全信息
Fill in the blank in the passage with proper words or phrases.
§ …Then the fire would spread. §…The Times is great, but the Hometown Gazette is terrible /awful.

☆开放式

Would you like to have brother of sister in your family? Why? (Within 30 words ) §Yes. Because there are no other children of my age to communicate with, especially during vacations at home. §No. Because in my opinion, the only child can go out actively even during vacations to develop good relationship with others of his age.

?

?

?

1 多读多练,培养自己的思维能力。根据不 同的短文特点,找准本篇文章的中心句和主 题句。说明文和议论文,要重点注意文章的 第一句和最后一句,它们往往是本段落的中 心句。 2 把功夫花在平时。滴水穿石,绝非一日之 功。平时一定要注意知识的积累,注意分析 长短句,了解其结构,把握其中心词,学会 简化较长的句子,忽略次要部分。 3 做适量的练习,掌握做题技巧。只要善于 思考,经常动脑筋,总结做题的得与失,了 解自己常在哪种题型上出问题,然后有针对 性地进行练习,会大有裨益。



倒置法: 对英语长句按照汉语的习惯表达法进行前后
调换,按意群进行适当倒置,使汉语译文符 合现代汉语的逻辑顺序。 Eg. At this moment, through the wonders of telecommunications, more people are seeing and hearing what we say than on any other occasions in the whole history of the world. 此时此刻, 通过现代通信手段的奇迹,看到和听到我 们讲话的人比整个历史上任何其他这样的场合都要多。


更多相关文档:

高考阅读表达解题技巧

高考阅读表达解题技巧_英语_高中教育_教育专区。The Skills to Do with Reading...2013 年四川卷 第一节 阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) A...

高考阅读理解解题技巧

高考阅读理解解题技巧_教学案例/设计_教学研究_教育专区。《双鸭山一中·一遍过·...·课时作业》 作者:李阳 关键词: 题目: 阅读理解之细节题解读方法 过基础 ...

高考英语阅读理解解题技巧及经典题型

高考英语阅读理解解题技巧及经典题型_英语_高中教育_教育专区。(一)阅读是获得更...根据句子意思及生活经验,wither 表示“枯萎”。 5)根据同等关系猜测词义 同等...

高考阅读理解特点与解题方法

高考阅读理解特点与解题方法_英语_高中教育_教育专区...3. 语气——经常含有不肯定的语气词和委婉表达的用...高考阅读理解题测试的要点一般有以下几个方面:细节...

高考英语阅读文体类型及阅读理解答题技巧

阅读要注 意文中具体细节的把握与理解,弄清作者所传达的实际信息及表达的具体...二、英语阅读理解答题技巧 高考阅读理解常见的设题形式有:词义猜测题、主旨大意...

高考冲刺:阅读表达题型解题技巧

高考冲刺:阅读表达题型解题技巧编稿:陈玉莲 题型介绍 阅读表达题是在考查考生阅读理解的基础上, 增加了对书面能力的考查。 具体要求是:阅读所给短 文(不少于 ...

高考语文 散文阅读题型及答题技巧(整理版)

高考语文 散文阅读题型答题技巧(整理版)_高考_高中教育_教育专区。散文阅读...答题格式:描写(表现)对象(内容) +手法(修辞格)+分析 +表达(艺术)效果 (情感...

高考小说阅读知识点与解题技巧

高考小说阅读知识点与解题技巧 一、小说的基本知识 小说是以刻画人物形象为中心,...对于表达技巧的考查多在运用了什么表达技巧及其作用方面设题。 【常见题型】 ①...

2015高考英语阅读答题技巧

阅读要注意文中具体细节的把握与理解, 弄清作者所传达的实际 信息及表达的具体...二、英语阅读理解答题技巧 高考阅读理解常见的设题形式有:词义猜测题、主旨大意...
更多相关标签:
英语阅读表达解题技巧 | 新题型解题技巧 | 考研新题型解题技巧 | 语文阅读理解解题技巧 | 阅读理解的解题技巧 | 小学阅读理解解题技巧 | 初中阅读理解解题技巧 | 雅思阅读解题技巧 |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com