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Unit3-on reading


新世纪高等院校英语专业本科生系列教材(修订版) 综合教程第六册(第2版)电子教案

Unit 3 On Reading

上海外语教育出版社 南京信息工程大学 刘杰海

Contents Learning Objectives Pre-reading Activities Global Reading Detailed

Reading Consolidation Activities Further Enhancement

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Learning Objectives

Rhetorical skill: discussion on one point Key language & grammar points Writing strategies: sentences in inverted sequence Theme: enjoyment of reading

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Picture Activation | Pre-questions

Do you find reading enjoyable?
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Picture Activation | Pre-questions

1. Reading is so important to us that almost everyone is involved in some kind of reading sometimes. As a way of diversion, reading is usually relaxing and enjoyable. However, can reading always be an enjoyable experience? If not, when and why? Open to discussion.

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Picture Activation | Pre-questions

2. A good book will evoke sympathy in its readers‘ hearts, give them some enlightenment and even may change their lives. How can we define a good book? Describe some of the books that you consider good.

Open to discussion.

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Text Introduction | Culture Notes | Author | Structure

In this essay, the author focuses his discussion exclusively on one point: Reading should be enjoyable. With neatly knitted development the author approaches the theme from two perspectives — what to read (from Paragraph 1 to Paragraph 3) and how to read (from Paragraph 4 to Paragraph 6). According to him, both should fit the reader‘s own fancy.

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Text Introduction | Culture Notes | Author | Structure

George Eliot (Paragraph 2) English writer, pen name of Mary Ann Evans (1819–1880). Her novels include Adam Bede (1859), The Mill on the Floss (1860), and Middlemarch (1871–1872).

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Text Introduction | Culture Notes | Author | Structure

Adam Bede (Paragraph 2) Inspired by an anecdote told to George Eliot by her aunt, Adam Bede is notable for its extraordinarily realistic characters and convincing depiction of English rural life, complete with the earthy Derbyshire dialect of the title character. When it was first published, in 1859, the book earned praise for its nuanced and unflinching description of a young woman‘s fall from grace and for Adam‘s simple righteousness.
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Text Introduction | Culture Notes | Author | Structure

W. Somerset Maugham (1874– 1965), British novelist, one of the most popular writers in England in the 20th century, is noted for his clarity of style and skill in storytelling. His best-known works include Of Human Bondage (1915), The Moon and Sixpence (1919), Ashenden: or, The British Agent (1928), and Cakes and Ale: or, The Skeleton in the Cupboard (1930).
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Text Introduction | Culture Notes | Author | Structure

Reading and our life: classifications 知性阅读 (reading for information) 愉悦阅读 (pleasure reading) 疗愈阅读 (healing reading) “从书中我纾解?寂寞的情绪,读?天方夜谭和爱丽丝梦游 仙境,并从其篇章中寻到?痛苦的避难所。” — 毛姆

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Text Introduction | Culture Notes | Author | Structure

Part 1 (Para 1) defines the scope of this passage Part 2 (Para 2) specifies the readers who are eligible to read the books Part 3 (Para 3) touches on the criterion of book selection

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Text Introduction | Culture Notes | Author | Structure

Part 4 (Para 4) the relationship between intellectual pleasure and the habit of reading Part 5 (Para 5) the author continues his discussion on the habit of reading Part 6 (Para 6) discussion of an important reading skill — skipping

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Detailed Reading

ON READING
W. Somerset Maugham

1. The first thing I want to insist on is that reading should be enjoyable. Of course, there are many books that we all have to read, either to pass examinations or to acquire information, from which it is impossible to extract enjoyment. We are reading them for instruction, and the best we can hope is that our need for it will enable us to get through them without tedium. Such books we read with resignation rather than with alacrity. But that is not the sort of reading I have in mind.
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Detailed Reading

The books I shall mention in due course will help you neither to get a degree nor to earn your living. They will not teach you to sail a boat or get a stalled motor to run, but they will help you to live more fully. That, however, they cannot do unless you enjoy reading them.

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Detailed Reading

2. The ―you‖ I address is the adult whose avocations give him certain leisure and who would like to read the books which can without loss be left unread. I do not address the bookworm. He can find his own way. I wish to deal only with the masterpieces which the consensus of opinion for a long time has accepted as supreme. We are all supposed to have read them; it is a pity that so few of us have. But there are masterpieces which are acknowledged to be such by all the best critics and to which the historians of literature devote considerable space, yet which no ordinary person can now read with enjoyment.
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Detailed Reading

They are important to the students, but changing times and changing tastes have robbed them of their savour and it is hard to read them now without an effort of will. Let me give one instance: I have read George Eliot‘s Adam Bede, but I cannot put my hand on my heart and say that was with pleasure. I read it from a sense of duty; I finished it with a sigh of relief.

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Detailed Reading

3. Now of such books as this I mean to say nothing. Every man is his own best critic. Whatever the learned say about a book, however unanimous they are in their praise of it, unless it interests you, it is no business of yours. Don‘t forget that critics often make mistakes — the history of criticism is full of the blunders the most eminent of them have made, and you who read are the final judge of the value to you of the book you are reading. This, of course, applies to the books I am going to recommend to your attention.

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Detailed Reading

We are none of us exactly like everyone else, only rather like, and it would be unreasonable to suppose that the books that have meant a great deal to me should be precisely those that will mean a great deal to you. But they are books that I feel the richer for having read, and I think I should not be quite the man I am if I had not read them. And so I beg of you, if any of you who read these pages are tempted to read the books I suggest and cannot get on with them, just put them down; they will be of no service to you if you do not enjoy them.

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Detailed Reading

No one is under an obligation to read poetry or fiction or the miscellaneous literature which is classed as belles-lettres. (I wish I knew the English term for this, but I don‘t think there is one.) He must read them for pleasure, and who can claim that what pleases one man must necessarily please another?

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Detailed Reading

4. But let no one think that pleasure is immoral. Pleasure in itself is a great good, all pleasure, but its consequences may be such that the sensible person eschews certain varieties of it. Nor need pleasure be gross and sensual. They are wise in their generation who have discovered that intellectual pleasure is the most satisfying and the most enduring. It is well to acquire the habit of reading. To acquire the habit of reading is to construct for yourself a refuge from almost all the miseries of life.

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Detailed Reading

Almost all, I say, for I would not go so far as to pretend that to read a book will assuage the pangs of hunger or still the pain of unrequited love; but half a dozen good detective stories and a hot-water bottle will enable anyone to snap his fingers at the worst cold in the head. But who is going to acquire the habit of reading for reading‘s sake, if he is bidden to read books that bore him?

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Detailed Reading

5. It is more convenient to take the books of which I am now going to speak in chronological order, but I can see no reason why, if you make up your mind to read them, you should do so in that order. I think you would be much better advised to read them according to your fancy; nor do I see even why you should read them one by one. For my own part, I find it more agreeable to read four or five books together. After all, you aren‘t in the same mood on one day as on another, nor have you the same eagerness to read a certain book at all hours of the day.

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Detailed Reading

We must suit ourselves in these matters, and I have naturally adopted the plan that best suits me. In the morning before I start work I read for a while a book, either of science or philosophy, that requires a fresh and attentive brain. It sets me off for the day. Later on, when my work is done and I feel at ease, but not inclined for mental exercise of a strenuous character, I read history, essays, criticism or biography; and in the evening I read a novel.

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Detailed Reading

Besides these, I keep on hand a volume of poetry in case I feel in the mood for that, and by my bedside I have one of those books, too rarely to be found, alas, which you can dip into at any place and stop reading with equanimity at the end of any paragraph.

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Detailed Reading

6. Upon looking back on what I have written, I notice that I have more than once suggested to you that you would be wise now and then to skip. I think all the books I have mentioned are important enough to be read thoroughly, but even they are more enjoyable if you exercise your right to skip. Change of taste has rendered certain parts of even great works tedious. We no longer want to be bothered with the moral dissertations of which the eighteenth century was so fond, nor with the lengthy descriptions of scenery which were favoured in the nineteenth.
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Detailed Reading

When the novel became realistic authors fell in love with detail for its own sake, and it took them a long time to discover that detail is interesting only if it is relevant. To know how to skip is to know how to read with profit and pleasure, but how you are to learn it I cannot tell you, for it is a trick I have never acquired. I am a bad skipper; I am afraid of missing something that may be of value to me, and so will read pages that only weary me;

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Detailed Reading

when once I begin to skip, I cannot stop, and end the book dissatisfied with myself because I am aware I have not done it justice, and then I am apt to think that I might just as well never have read it at all.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraph 1 Analysis In this paragraph, the author defines the scope of this passage: his discussion would exclude those books that bring tedium and boredom, since the main topic is clearly stated in the beginning: ―... reading should be enjoyable.‖

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Detailed Reading

Paragraphs 2 Analysis After defining the scope of his discussion, the author goes on to specify the readers who are eligible to read the books in his mind. Then he moves on to the first topic — the selection of books for reading. In this paragraph the author points out a problem with some masterpieces, that is, ―... changing times and changing tastes have robbed them of their savour ...‖ and it is no longer enjoyable for us to read them today.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraphs 3 Analysis With his comments on masterpieces, the author naturally touches on the criterion of book selection in this paragraph. The author insists that the reader is the final judge of what books seem good to him/her, because the same books may have different meanings for different people. This view is strengthened by the rhetorical question at the end of this paragraph, ―... who can claim that what pleases one man must necessarily please another?‖

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Detailed Reading

Paragraphs 4 Analysis In this paragraph, the author expounds on the relationship between intellectual pleasure and the habit of reading. He believes that ―intellectual pleasure is the most satisfying and the most enduring‖ and the acquisition of the habit of reading must be based on pleasurable reading.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraphs 5 Analysis In this paragraph the author continues his discussion on the habit of reading. According to him, this habit varies from person to person and should be tailored to the reader‘s own fancy.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraphs 6 Analysis This paragraph is devoted to the discussion of an important reading skill — skipping. This is the trick which the author himself has never acquired.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraph 1: Question What kind of books would be excluded from the author‘s discussion? Excluded from the author‘s discussion are those books which offer instructions to fulfill utilitarian purposes such as getting a degree or earning a living.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraph 2: Questions 1. Who are the eligible readers of the books in the author‘s mind? According to the author, they are adults who have leisure time to read and would like to read the books.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraph 2: Questions 2. What is the author‘s opinion about masterpieces? The author is very cautious on the matter. On the one hand, he believes that those acknowledged masterpieces are important to students. On the other hand, he realizes that all masterpieces do not necessarily provide enjoyable reading, because changing times and changing tastes have robbed them of their savour. Reading these masterpieces demands an effort of will, which has been proved by the author‘s own experience.
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Detailed Reading

Paragraph 3: Question What does the author say about the critics‘ comments on a book and his own recommended books? According to the author, the reader should not be affected by critics‘ comments on books. In his opinion, the reader should not read a book unless the book itself interests him/her. As to his own recommended books, the author says that they will be of no service to the reader if he/she does not enjoy them. Both cases conform to the thematic statement at the beginning of the essay.
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Detailed Reading

Paragraph 4: Question What, according to the author, is the benefit the habit of reading could bring about? The habit of reading, according to the author, provides the reader with a refuge from most miseries in life.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraph 5: Question What does the author mean when he says that ―We must suit ourselves in these matters ...‖? The author means that we should follow our mood in these matters since one‘s mood and eagerness may not be the same on one day as on another, or at all hours of the day.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraph 6: Questions 1. Why, according to the author, is it important to skip while reading? Although all the books the author recommends are very important, reading will be more profitable and enjoyable when one learns how to skip, because changing tastes have rendered certain parts of even great works tedious.

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Detailed Reading

Paragraph 6: Question 2. What is the author‘s experience of skipping in reading? The author himself has not yet acquired the trick of skipping. Once he begins to skip, he cannot stop. Consequently, he is always afraid of missing something valuable and has a sense of guilt. That makes him a bad skipper.

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Detailed Reading

―Of course, there are many books that we all have to read, either to pass examinations or to acquire information, from which it is impossible to extract enjoyment.‖
Paraphrase

? Of course there are many books that are not interesting at all. In spite of that, we still have to read them because they can help us pass examinations or provide us with necessary information.

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Detailed Reading

extract vt. (extraction n.) to remove a substance from another substance to get something from someone who does not want to give it to you
e.g. 1. They used to extract iron ore from this site. 2. The tooth was eventually extracted. 3. The extraction of minerals has damaged the countryside. 4. She married, in Malaysia, a man of Indian extraction.

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―enable us to get through them without tedium‖
Paraphrase ? enable us to finish our reading without getting bored

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Detailed Reading

―Such books we read with resignation rather than with alacrity.‖
Paraphrase ? We read such books because we have to, not because we love to.

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Detailed Reading

resign vt. (resignation n.) to state formally that you are leaving a job permanently
e.g. 1. She showed an attitude of quiet resignation to her fate. 2. a resigned look/expression/tone 3. ―We‘re going to be late again,‖ he said resignedly.

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Detailed Reading

alacrity n. with alacrity: quickly and with enthusiasm
e.g. 1. The United Nations has acted with alacrity and determination in this crisis. 2. He accepted the invitation with alacrity.

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Detailed Reading

―That, however, they cannot do unless you enjoy reading them.‖
Paraphrase ? The words ―they‖ and ―them‖ refer to books. The word ―that‖ refers to what has been mentioned in the preceding sentence, i.e. ―... they will help you to live more fully.‖ The normal order of the sentence should be: However, they cannot do that unless you enjoy reading them

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Detailed Reading

―I wish to deal only with the masterpieces which the consensus of opinion for a long time has accepted as supreme.‖
Paraphrase ? I wish to deal only with the books that have been accepted by everyone as great works.

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Detailed Reading

consensus n. agreement among all the people involved
e.g. 1. The general consensus in the office is that he‘s useless at his job. 2. Could we reach a consensus on this matter? Let‘s take a vote. 3. The voters‘ consensus was that the measure should be adopted.

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Detailed Reading

supreme adj. most important, or most powerful
e.g. 1. She was awarded a medal for showing supreme courage/bravery. 2. For me, dieting requires a supreme effort of will.

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―to which the historians of literature devote considerable space‖
Paraphrase ? on which scholars of the history of literature write a lot of critical papers and comments on them

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Detailed Reading

―They are important to the students, but changing times and changing tastes have robbed them of their savour and it is hard to read them now without an effort of will.‖
Paraphrase

? Those books are good ones and they are important to the students, but with the changing of times, people‘s attitudes and tastes towards these types of books also changed. So now students may not like them very much and they need to make a great effort to read them.

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Detailed Reading

―put my hand on my heart‖
Paraphrase ? Putting one‘s hand on one‘s heart is a sign of being honest and sincere, and is often used together with a verbal oath or solemn claim.

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Detailed Reading

rob vt. to take money or property illegally from a person or place, often using threats or violence
e.g. 1. They robbed the company of £2 million. 2. They robbed her of her professional standing.

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Detailed Reading

―Now of such books as this I mean to say nothing.‖
Paraphrase ? The normal sentence order should be: ―Now I mean to say nothing of such books as this.‖ The word ―this‖ refers to George Eliot‘s Adam Bede in the preceding paragraph.

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Detailed Reading

―Whatever the learned say about a book, however unanimous they are in their praise of it, unless it interests you, it is no business of yours.‖
Paraphrase ? Even though many scholars highly praise a book, you don‘t have to read it at all if you don‘t find it interesting.

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Detailed Reading

unanimous adj. a unanimous decision, vote, agreement etc is one that everyone agrees with and supports
e.g. 1. The jury returned a unanimous verdict of guilty after a short deliberation. 2. After a lengthy discussion we reached a unanimous decision on the proposal. 3. The new format has unanimous support and could be introduced next season.
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Detailed Reading

―Don‘t forget that critics often make mistakes — the history of criticism is full of the blunders the most eminent of them have made, and you who read are the final judge of the value to you of the book you are reading.‖
Paraphrase ? Even the most famous critics make a lot of mistakes about books, as has been proved throughout the history of criticism. In the final analysis, only you, the reader, are in a position to make judgments about how valuable a book is to you.
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Detailed Reading

blunder n. a careless or embarrassing mistake
e.g. 1. A woman died of a rare disease yesterday after she was infected as a result of a hospital blunder. 2. I made a bit of a blunder by getting his name wrong. 3. Police blundered by not releasing more details about the case to focus public interest.

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Detailed Reading

―... they will be of no service to you ...‖
Paraphrase

? ... they will not be helpful to you …

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Detailed Reading

the miscellaneous literature other varieties or genres of literary writing

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Belles-lettres (Paragraph 3)
(plural) a French word referring to literary works that are beautiful and pleasing in an artistic way, rather than being serious or full of information

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Detailed Reading

―... but its consequences may be such that the sensible person eschews certain varieties of it.‖
Paraphrase

? ... but the consequences of some kinds of pleasure would make the sensible person try to avoid them.

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Detailed Reading

―They are wise in their generation who have discovered that intellectual pleasure is the most satisfying and the most enduring.‖
Paraphrase ? Those people who have discovered that intellectual pleasure is the most satisfying and the most enduring are wise people in their generation.

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Detailed Reading

Notice that this is a proverbial structure, often used at the end of fables to sum up the moral of the story. E.g. ―He who hesitates is lost,‖ ―He who laughs last laughs longest,‖ ―He is lifeless that is faultless,‖ ―They that know nothing fear nothing,‖ ―People who live in glass houses should not throw stones.

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Detailed Reading

―... I would not go so far as to pretend that to read a book will assuage the pangs of hunger or still the pain of unrequited love ...‖
Paraphrase ? ... I don‘t want to pretend that reading a book can ease one‘s hunger or kill the pain of unreturned love ...

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pang n. a very strong, sudden, and unpleasant pain or emotion
e.g. 1. a pang of jealousy 2. We hadn‘t eaten since yesterday and the hunger pangs were getting harder to ignore.

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still vt. to become calm and quiet, or to make someone or something calm and quiet
e.g. 1. He tried to still the swaying of the hammock. 2. She cuddled her baby to still its cries.

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unrequited adj. if your love for someone is unrequited, they do not love you even though you love them
e.g. 1. an unrequited injury 2. But, alas, Miss Twining‘s love for the professor was unrequited.

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Detailed Reading

―... to snap his fingers at the worst cold in the head.‖
Paraphrase ? This means the reader is so absorbed in good detective stories that he/she pays no attention to the fact that he/she is ill.

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―It sets me off for the day.‖
Paraphrase ? It gets me prepared for the work of the day.

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―Later on, when my work is done and I feel at ease, but not inclined for mental exercise of a strenuous character, I read history, essays, criticism or biography; and in the evening I read a novel.‖
Paraphrase ? Later on, when I finish my work, and I feel relaxed, and don‘t want to beat my brains, I usually read history, essays, criticism or biography, and in the evening I read a novel.

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Detailed Reading

Here ―mental exercise of a strenuous character‖ refers to reading a book that requires great concentration and mental effort such as a book of science or philosophy, which the author does in the morning. Notice that here ―character‖ means a particular quality or feature, not a character in a novel.

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incline vi. to tend to behave in a particular way or to have a particular attitude or opinion
e.g. 1. I‘m inclined to agree with what you were saying in the meeting. 2. She‘s more inclined than most people to help out when you ask her. 3. Tom is inclined to be lazy. 4. I incline to the view that peace can be achieved.
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―one of those books ... which you can dip into at any place.‖
Paraphrase

? one of those books ... of which you can read a couple of pages or a few lines at any place

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exercise your right to skip (Paragraph 6)
use your right to jump over parts of a book that you are reading

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alas (Paragraph 5)
(chiefly poetic or literary or humorous) an expression of grief, pity, or concern

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―be bothered with the moral dissertations.‖
Paraphrase ? be tired with long pieces of writing on moral issues

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―When the novel became realistic ...‖
Note ? In the 19th century literary tradition, realistic novels were the portrayal of life with fidelity. Those novels were expected to reproduce life, events, environment and people as they are with details of great precision and lengthy descriptions. Contrary to Transcendentalism, Idealism, Romanticism and Classicism, descriptions in realistic novels are supposed to be more down to earth, closer to the reality of everyday life
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―... I have not done it justice ...‖
Paraphrase ? ... I have not read the book thoroughly in the way I should have ... In other words, it deserves a more thorough reading.

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Detailed Reading

―... when once I begin to skip, I cannot stop, and end the book dissatisfied with myself because I am aware I have not done it justice, and then I am apt to think that I might just well never have read it at all.‖
Paraphrase ? ... once I begin to skip while reading a book, I cannot stop and I will end up skipping most parts of the book. So after I finish reading the book, I always feel guilty because I think I have not paid the book the serious attention that it deserves. Then I would wish I had never read it at all.
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第1段 中文译文 首先,我要强调的是,读书本应是一种享受。当然,为 了应付考试或者获取信息,许多书我们不得不读,而我们从 中却不可能得到任何愉悦。我们读这些书是出于教育的目的, 至多希望自己对它的需要不至于使阅读的过程过于乏味。我 们读这些书并非好之乐之,而是出于无奈。这当然不是我要 谈的读书。(续)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第1段 中文译文 (接)要谈的读书。我接下去要谈论的书籍,既不能助您获 得学位,也不能帮您谋生;既不能教您怎样驾驶帆船,也不 能教您怎样启动熄火的车辆 。然而,它们却可以让您生活得 更为充实。不过,您必须喜欢读书才行,否则也无济于事。

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第2段 中文译文 我这里所说的“您”,是指那些有闲的成年人,他们想 读的不是非读不可的那些书。我指的不是书虫,因为书虫们 自有读书之道。我这里只想谈些名著,那些很久以来广受推 崇的杰作。我们理应都读过这些名著,遗憾的是这类人却为 数甚少。有些名著不仅为优秀的批评家们所公认,文学史家 也会有长篇大论,然而,今天的普通读者读之却味同嚼蜡。 (续)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第2段 中文译文 (接)这些作品对研究者来说是重要的,然而,时移事易, 人们喜好变更,如今这些书早已失其原味,要读完全凭意志。 举例来说,我读过乔治 · 艾略特的《亚当· 比德》,但我不能 违心地说这个过程是愉悦的。我读它是出于义务,读完了自 然如释重负。

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第3段 中文译文 关于这类书籍,我无意置喙。每个人自有自己的评价和 意见。不论学者们对某本书作何评价,即便他们众口如一, 极尽溢美之词,除非您感兴趣,否则它与您毫不相干。不要 忘记批评家也经常犯错,批评史上那些最著名的评论家的低 级错误比比皆是。一本书对您价值几何,只有作为读者的您 才是最终评判人。当然,这适用于我将要向您推荐的书籍。 (续)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第3段 中文译文 (接)我们每个人都不可能与他人完全一样,至多只是相仿 而已。因此,没有理由认为对我有益的书也正好对您有益。 不过,读这些书让我觉得内心更加富有;倘若我没有读过的 话,恐怕我就不会完全是今天的我了。所以我恳求您,倘若 您在本文的诱惑之下去读我推荐的书,但却又读不下去,那 就放下它们。得不到愉悦的东西,对您毫无用处。(续)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第3段 中文译文 (接)谁也没有义务去读什么诗歌、小说或者被称为“美文 学”的杂文(真希望我知道这个词英语怎么说,但我认为英语 里没有对应的词)。读书 须有乐趣,但谁能断言某君中意之 物,他人也必定趋之若鹜?

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第4段 中文译文 不要认为愉悦就是不道德。愉悦本身是件大好事,所有 的愉悦都是好事,只是它后果各异,理智人士会回避某些愉 悦的方式。愉悦也不一定是粗俗淫荡的。但凡发现心智上的 愉悦是最为完美、最为持久的人,都是其时代的智者。因此, 养成读书的习惯大有裨益。养成读书习惯,就是给自己营造 逃避生活中几乎一切愁苦的庇护所。(续)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第4段 中文译文 (接)我说“几乎”,是因为我不想夸大其词,宣称读书可 以 缓解饥饿的折磨、消除单相思的痛苦 ;但是几本好看的 侦探小说外加一个热水瓶足以使任何感冒患者津津有味地读 下去。反之,如果硬要他去读味同嚼蜡的书,又有谁能养成 那种为读书而读书的习惯呢?

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第5段 中文译文 为了方便起见,我将按年代顺序来罗列我要谈的书籍。 不过倘若您决定要读这些书,则不一定非按这个顺序不可。 我建议您最好还是随兴去读,您甚至不一定要读完一本再读 另一本。就我而言,我更喜欢同时读四五本书。毕竟您每天 的心情都会有变化,您也不可能一天二十四小时都热切地想 读某一本书。(续)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第5段 中文译文 (接)我们必须适时调整。于是我很自然地采取了最适合自 己的读书计划。早晨工作之前,我会读点科学或者哲学著作, 因为这需要头脑清醒、思想集中。这开启了我一天的工作。 完成工作之后,我觉得轻松,但又不想从事紧张的脑力活动, 我便读历史、散文、评论或者传记;晚上我则读小说。(续)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第5段 中文译文 (接)小说。此外,我手头总有本诗集,以便兴致来了翻上 几页;放在我床头的,则是那种可以随意翻阅、随时放下的 书。这种书读之欣然,搁之泰然,可惜太难觅了。

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第6段 中文译文 回顾上文,我发现我不止一次向您建议,不时地跳读实 为明智之举。我觉得前面提到的书籍都非常重要,值得通读。 但即便这类书籍,您如能行使跳读的权利,也将获得更大的 愉悦。因为即便是伟大的作品,随着人们品味的变化,部分 篇章也会变得枯燥乏味。今天,我们已不再理会18世纪推崇 的说教式文章,也不再青睐 19 世纪钟爱的大段景物描写。 (续)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第6段 中文译文 (接)当小说盛行现实主义时,作家们钟情于细节;而在走 了很长的路之后,他们发现只有与主题相关的细节才有意思。 学会如何跳读,也就学会了如何从阅读中获得益处和愉悦。 但是对于如何学习跳读之法,我则无可奉告,因为我从来没 有学会此项诀窍,我是个跳读能力很差的人。我唯恐跳读会 漏掉有价值的信息,只好去啃那些令我厌烦的章节。(续)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Detailed Reading

第6段 中文译文 (接)而我一旦开始跳读,便打不住了,每次读完之后便开 始自责,因为我意识到我没有充分享用这本书。而且我觉得 与其 这样,还不如干脆不读它。

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Consolidation Activities
Text Comprehension

Writing Strategies
Language Work Translation Oral Activities Writing Listening Exercises
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text 1: Text Comprehension

I. Decide which of the following best states the author's purpose. A. To recommend some masterpieces for pleasurable reading. B. To let the readers share his experience of reading. C. To urge the exercise of personal taste in the selection of what to read from the books he is going to recommend. [C]

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text 1: Text Comprehension

II. Judge, according to the text, whether the following statements are true or false. [ F ] 1. If books can fulfill your utilitarian purposes, you will find reading them enjoyable. [ F ] 2. All masterpieces, due to their importance and value acknowledged by critics, should be given priority on readers‘ booklists. [ T ] 3. The first criterion in book-selection is that the reader should get pleasure from his/her reading.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text 1: Text Comprehension

[ T ] 4. Reading habits vary from person to person, depending on individuals‘ preferences. [ F ] 5. The author does not believe in skipping, because he often worries that he may have missed something important and valuable in reading as a result of skipping.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text 1: Writing Strategies

1) Read the following sentences that are structured in an inverted sequence. a. Such books we read with resignation rather than with alacrity. (Paragraph 1) b. That, however, they cannot do unless you enjoy reading them. (Paragraph 1) c. Now of such books as this I mean to say nothing. (Paragraph 3) d. ... but how you are to learn it I cannot tell you ...(Paragraph 6)
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text 1: Writing Strategies

Try to give the normal order of these sentences and comment on their stylistic functions. a. Normal sequence: We read such books with resignation rather than with alacrity. Function: To create a closer relation between ―books‖ in this sentence and ―them‖ in the preceding one. b. Normal sequence: However, they cannot do that unless you enjoy reading them. Function: To achieve emphasis by putting ―that‖ at the beginning of the sentence.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text 1: Writing Strategies

c. Normal sequence: Now I mean to say nothing of such books as this. Function: Both to achieve emphasis and to create a closer relation between ―this‖ in the sentence and what has been discussed in the preceding one. d. Normal sequence: ... but I cannot tell you how you are to learn it ... Function: Both to achieve emphasis and to create a closer relation between ―it‖ in the sentence and ―to know how to skip‖ in the preceding one.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text 1: Writing Strategies

2) With the exception of Paragraphs 1 and 4, the author supplies his own experiences in the second half of each paragraph to shed more light on the suggestions he puts forward. Read these experiences again, and identify the author‘s viewpoints.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text 1: Writing Strategies

2) The author‘s viewpoints involved in his personal experiences: a. The author‘s experience in reading George Eliot‘s Adam Bede (Paragraph 2) — to indicate that masterpieces do not necessarily bring enjoyment in reading. b. Reading certain books makes the author feel the richer (Paragraph 3) — to suggest that what pleases one person does not necessarily please another.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text 1: Writing Strategies

c. The author‘s reading habit (Paragraph 5) — to advise people that they need to read according to their own interests. d. The author‘s experience as a bad skipper (Paragraph 6) — to prove that reading could be more enjoyable, if you know how to skip.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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I. Explain the underlined part(s) in each sentence in your own words. 1. Such books we read with resignation rather than with alacrity. read with unresisting acceptance because we know we have to; eagerness
2. The books I shall mention in due course will help you neither to get a degree nor to earn your living.

later, after these introductory remarks

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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3. I wish to deal only with the masterpieces which the consensus of opinion for a long time has accepted as supreme.
for a long time have generally been accepted as the most important books 4. Don‘t forget that critics often make mistakes — the history of criticism is full of the blunders the most eminent of them have made ... full of mistakes; famous and respected

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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5. ... I would not go so far as to pretend that to read a book will assuage the pangs of hunger or still the pain of unrequited love ...
ease the painful feeling; kill 6. But who is going to acquire the habit of reading for reading‘s sake, if he is bidden to read books that bore him told to

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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7. It sets me off for the day. warms me up and gets me ready for a whole day‘s work 8. Later on, when my work is done and I feel at ease, but not inclined for mental exercise of a strenuous character, I read history, essays, criticism or biography ...

ready for; a toilsome / difficult nature

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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9. ... I am aware I have not done it justice ... have not treated the book in a way that is fair 10. I am apt to think that I might just as well never have read it ...

tend to; it might have been equally good if I had never read it (Note: it is a phrase used to mean that another course of action would have an equally good result.)

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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II. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words. 1. They received the news with resignation resignation. (resign) _________ supremacy 2. The company has begun to challenge the _________ supremacy (supreme) of the current leading manufacturers in the textiles industry. 3. All four proposals to the committee were unanimously unanimously __________ (unanimous) approved.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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eminence 4. Having achieved ________ eminence (eminent) as an actor, he now intends to perform a comparable feat in politics. 5. This part of the law is only _________ applicable applicable (apply) to companies employing more than five people. 6. The museum houses a fascinating _________ miscellany miscellany (miscellaneous) of nautical treasures. 7. I‘m not sure of the chronology _________ (chronological) of the events.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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8. The children sat listening attentively ________ (attention) to the story. 9. My own inclination ________ (incline) would be to look for another job. 10. He strenuously strenuously (strenuous) denies all the allegations _________ against him.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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III. Fill in the blank(s) in each sentence with a phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. incline | resign | class as | with equanimity rob of | stall off | apt | dip into | apply to extract | do justice to | set off

1. She didn‘t really __________ do justice to herself in the interview. 2. He _______ resigned resigned from the company to take a more challenging job.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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3. A last-minute injury ______ robbed robbed me of of __ my place on the team. 5. That bit of the form is for foreigners — it doesn‘t apply apply ______ to you. 4. It‘s the sort of book you can just dip dipinto into now and again. ______ 6. No one seemed inclined ______ to help. 7. I‘m 17, but I‘m still classed classed as as a child when I travel by bus. _________ apt to be a bit forgetful. 8. She‘s in her eighties now and ___ apt

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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9. She‘s finally stopped crying — now don‘t set ___ her ___ off again.

10. The oil which is ____________ extracted from olives is used for cooking.
11. The thief broke into the office while his accomplice stalled off the security guard. ________ 12. He received the news of his mother‘s death ____ with equanimity ________ . remarkable equanimity

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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IV. Explain the meaning of the underlined part in each sentence. 1. There is a supreme moment at the end of the opera. a moment which causes great excitement 2. The air was so still that not even the leaves on the trees were moving. There was so little wind 3. He bade them to leave at once. ordered or told
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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4. If symptoms persist, seek medical attention. visit a doctor 5. The kitchen roof is apt to leak when it rains. likely to 6. She felt that life had lost most of its savour. pleasure and interest 7. Somebody set the alarm off.

made the alarm bell ring

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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8. I incline to disagree with you on that point. I more disagree than agree 9. I‘ve only dipped into the book. read a few pages of the book, not from cover to cover 10. The winner has been disqualified for cheating, so justice has been done. fairness has been achieved

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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V. Correct the errors in the following passage. The passage contains ten errors, one in each indicated line. In each case, only one word is involved. Corrections should be done as follows: Wrong word: underline the wrong word and write the correct word in the blank. Extra word: delete the extra word with an ―×.‖ Missing word: mark the position of the missing word with a ―∧‖ and write the missing word in the blank.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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Joseph Conrad Joseph Conrad led a fascinating life. Born in Poland, he moved around the world as a sailor and eventually settled in England. He language must have been an excellent language‘s _________ (1)________ learner as he soon became a famous English writer. He wrote a large number of short stories and a lot of novels, mainly about the sea. Many also, as he lived around with 1900, were concerned ∧ colonialism. (2)________ Nostromo exposed the way
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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Western capitalism sometimes ________ exploiting (3)________ exploited the third world, and Lord Jim was about a ship‘s officer who lost his honor when he sinking abandoned passengers on a _____ sunk ship. (4)________ Perhaps his most famous and powerful book is The Heart of Darkness. A decent man, Marlow, is sent to investigate what has happened to Kurtz, an ivory trader, based a long way up one of the great African rivers. Kurtz‘s behavior has become increasingly odd, and his employers want
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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to know what has happened. As Marlow __ to travels up __ to the river, moving into the heart (5)_______ of Africa, through thick, dangerous jungle, he finds himself also traveling into the heart evil of darkness, man‘s savagery and _______ evilness. (6)_______ But at the very heart he finds, not an African, but Kurtz, the representative of white civilization, who has turned himself ____ over over into a god-king, ruling ____ over his own (7)_______ tribe. Terrible things happen, and eventually the mad
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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Kurtz dies whispering, ―Oh, the horror, the ___ horror.‖ The story has been filmed ___ for a (8)_______ for number of times, and was used by Coppola as the ____ base for his film Apocalypse Now, a (9)_______ basis study of the American ______ present in Vietnam. (10)________ presence It remains a powerful warning of the danger of superiority.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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VI. Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE appropriate word. The Beauty of Reading All good books have one thing in (1) common _______ — they are happened and after you have truer than if they really (2) _________ finished reading one you will feel that all that happened to you and afterwards, it all (3) _______ belongs to you: the good and the bad, the ecstasy, the remorse and sorrow, the people and the places and how the weather was. — Ernest Hemingway

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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Books, as we all know, are the stepping stones to human progress, for they reflect the world‘s greatest minds. However, they are only gaudy ornaments on the (4) shelves ______ until someone reads them. So it is reading that (5) makes _____ the difference. Reading is to the mind what food is to the (6) body body, for it transforms the way people understand ____ the world, invokes self-awareness and helps to fulfill (7) personal potential. personal _______ Reading unfolds a sketch of the real world in front of eyes ____ Books present the landscape and stories readers‘ (8) eyes. ________ of time or of the whole world beyond the (9) limitations
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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space. And by reading, readers get to (10) know ____ exotic know cultures and traditions, enjoy numerous anecdotes, and even (11) experience _________ the legendary life of their idols. In this ______ people to understand the regard, reading (12) enables world from a new perspective. Reading motivates personal development. Merely (13) ________ life is a vegetable state. Thoroughly (14)_____ living sustaining life requires continuous exploration of mankind itself. And reading enhances people‘s capacity to judge themselves in a moral and rational way, and then correct their (15) ______________ of the concept of themselves. misunderstanding
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

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Reading develops potential. Books are the legacies that _______ great geniuses leave to (16) mankind mankind. And reading provides readers with a shortcut by which they can get (17) ______ to their great minds. The beauty of reading is just access like the sunshine, illuminating (18) everything everything. By reading ________ and getting access to great (19) minds _____ minds, readers tend to be _____ naturally makes encouraged and enlightened, (20) which life more meaningful.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Translating Sentences | Translating Passage

I. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words or phrases given in brackets. 1. 她欣然接受了那笔钱。(with alacrity) She accepted the money with alacrity. 2. 但是他并未能从胜利中获得满足,因为他发现有个无辜的 男孩在战斗中被杀死了。(extract) However, he could extract no satisfaction from the victory, because he found that an innocent boy had been killed in the battle.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Translating Sentences | Translating Passage

3. 关于这一点,专家们的意见并不一致。(unanimous)
The experts are not unanimous on this point. 4. 人们说受良好教育的人在作重要决定时往往会犹豫再三。 (apt to) They say that well-educated people are apt to hesitate too much before they make important decisions.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Translating Sentences | Translating Passage

5. 尽管他已经晋升为总经理,但是他的权力欲望依然没有得 到满足。(assuage)
Despite his promotion to general manager, his desire for power was not assuaged. 6. 只是又一首关于单恋痛苦的诗。(unrequited)

It‘s just another poem on the pain of unrequited love.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Translating Sentences | Translating Passage

7. 这部小说不完全是按年月顺序写的。(chronological)
The novel is not entirely written in a chronological order. 8. 要充分欣赏这部电影,你就必须再看一遍。(do justice to) You must watch the movie again to do it justice.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Translating Sentences | Translating Passage

9. 那场悲剧三年之后,她才开始恢复平静。(equanimity)
She did not begin to regain her equanimity till three years after the tragedy 10.如果你想喝杯咖啡的话,我们还有时间呢。(be/feel inclined to) There is still time if you feel inclined to have a cup of coffee.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Translating Sentences | Translating Passage

II. Translate the following passage into Chinese. The Life I Desired That must be the story of innumerable couples, and the pattern of life it offers has a homely grace. It reminds you of a placid rivulet, meandering smoothly through green pastures and shaded by pleasant trees, till at last it falls into the vasty sea; but the sea is so calm, o silent, so indifferent, that you are troubled suddenly by a vague uneasiness. Perhaps it is only by a kink in my nature, strong in me even n those days, that I felt in such an existence, the share of the great majority, something amiss. I recognized its social value. I saw its ordered happiness,
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Translating Sentences | Translating Passage

but a fever in my blood asked for a wilder course. There seemed to me something alarming in such easy delights. In my heart was desire to live more dangerously. I was not unprepared for jagged rocks and treacherous shoals if I could only have change — change and the excitement of the unforeseen.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Translating Sentences | Translating Passage

参考译文: 我渴望的生活 这一定是世间无数对夫妻的生活写照,这种生活模式给 人一种天伦之美。它使人想起一条平静的溪流,蜿蜒畅游过 绿茵的草场,浓荫遮蔽,最后注入烟波浩渺的汪洋大海;但 是大海太过平静,太过沉默,太过不动声色,你会突然感到 莫名的不安。也许这只是我自己的一种怪诞想法,在那样的 时代,这想法对我影响很深:我觉得这像大多数人一样的生 活,似乎有点儿不对劲。我承认这种生活有社会价值,我也 看到了它那井然有序的幸福,但我血液里的冲动却渴望一种 更桀骜不驯的旅程。
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Translating Sentences | Translating Passage

这样的安逸中好像有一种叫我惊惧不安的东西。我的心渴望 一种更加惊险的生活。只要生活中还能有变迁 ——变迁以及 不可知的刺激,我愿意踏上怪石嶙峋的山崖,奔赴暗礁满布 的海滩。

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

with alacrity quickly and with enthusiasm e.g. She accepted with alacrity.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

extract vt. to get something from someone or from doing something

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

unanimous adj. a unanimous decision, vote, agreement etc is one that everyone agrees with and supports

e.g. The board made a unanimous decision to reject the recommendations. a unanimous vote of confidence

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

be apt to do something to have a tendency to do something e.g. They are apt to become a little careless if you don't watch them carefully. The cars were old and apt to break down.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

assuage vt. to make an unpleasant or painful feeling less severe

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

unrequited adj. if your love for someone is unrequited, they do not love you even though you love them

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

chronological adj. if your love for someone is unrequited, they do not love you even though you love them

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

do justice to to show or emphasize all the good qualities of someone or something

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

equanimity n. a calm mental state when you deal with a difficult situation e.g. He seemed to be facing the future with equanimity.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Translating Sentences

be/feel inclined to tending to behave in a particular way or to be interested in a particular thing

e.g. Most animals are inclined to run when they feel threatened or frightened.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Giving A Talk | Having A Discussion

Giving A Talk Reading is important to almost everyone and reading different books will have different impacts on us. In his ―Of Study,‖ Francis Bacon says, ―Reading maketh a full man.‖ and ―Histories make men wise; poems, witty; the mathematics, subtle; natural philosophy, deep; moral, grave; logic and rhetoric, able to contend.‖ And in this article, W. Somerset Maugham suggests that some books have a lifelong effect on us by saying ―... I think I should not be quite the man I am if I had not read them.‖ Have you ever read a book that has changed you in your life? If there is such a book, give a talk about it.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Giving A Talk | Having A Discussion

(For reference) Once I read a book called Another Me in the World. I read it so long ago that I can‘t remember its author anymore. But the touching story never leaves my mind, not even for a day. It is a true story about the friendship between a white millionaire and a black tramp. Ron Hall is a wealthy businessman in the art trade, but his life is empty with no friends around. Under the influence of his wife, he starts to engage in the public welfare undertakings. He exposes himself to Denver Moore, a black tramp, when food is being distributed in the church.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Giving A Talk | Having A Discussion

The two gradually develop a strong friendship and join hands to devote themselves to public welfare undertakings. Finally they change the living conditions of the New York homeless. This book impresses me a lot, because the true story proves to me that friendship can overstep race and class. Loyalty and trust are the most important factors in friendship.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Giving A Talk | Having A Discussion

Having A Discussion In the opening text of this unit, W. Somerset Maugham puts much emphasis on the word ―enjoy.‖ He thinks that reading should be enjoyable and that, if we are reading under an obligation, it is hard to be enjoyable. But the fact is that, most of the time, students, especially those majoring in language and literature, are forced to read in order to fulfill their assignments. They cannot enjoy those books, can they? On the basis of your understanding, please hold a group discussion on whether we can enjoy reading under an obligation.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Giving A Talk | Having A Discussion

(For reference) Most of the time, reading under an obligation is not an enjoyable experience, especially when we are not interested in what we are reading. Besides, the limitation of time for finishing it and the deadline for the paper to be handed in make things even worse. However, many of us may have this experience: we start reading a book under an obligation reluctantly, but the more we read, the more we are attracted to it. Once we are absorbed in the reading, we forget all about the obligation or the time pressure and

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Giving A Talk | Having A Discussion

just read on. So I think it is important to form a good habit of reading as well as a good attitude towards it. Once we learn how to really ―enjoy‖ reading, we shall be able to turn an unpleasant reading experience into a pleasant one.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Research Paper Writing

Developing a Thesis Statement The thesis statement is one sentence or two in your essay containing its focus and telling your readers what it is about. The lack of a thesis statement may well be a symptom of a lack of focus. The thesis statement is also a good test for the scope of your intent. The principle to remember is that when you try to do too much, you end up doing less or nothing at all. Can we write a good paper about the influence of WWI on literature?
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Research Paper Writing

At best, such a paper would be vague and scattered in its approach. Can we write a good paper about WWI and the American literature in the 1920s? Well, it‘s getting near, but that‘s still an awfully big topic. How about a paper about WWI and the Lost Generation in the American literature in the 1920s? Now it is narrowing down to something less general, but we still need a focus, for example, the causal relationship between the war and the Lost Generation as evidenced by Hemingway‘s novels, or especially the main characteristics of such a relationship, that we can probably write about in just a few pages.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Research Paper Writing

Then the thesis statement goes: The First World War, with its destructive power, has given rise to disorientation characteristic of the Lost Generation in the United States in the 1920s, which is evidenced by Hemingway and his novels. Therefore, a good thesis has two parts. It should tell what you plan to argue, and it should disclose briefly how you plan to do it. Standards for a good thesis include: 1. A thesis is specific. Although general terms can be narrowed and defined elsewhere in the paper, a good thesis supplies a specific subject and a clear direction
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Research Paper Writing

for your paper. The specific facts, details and examples that you use will help to clarify the idea that you are trying to express. Compare the two statements below: Poor: Aerobic exercise is good for you. Better: Aerobic exercise may be part of a weight loss program, but it is also the way to a healthy heart. 2. A thesis is restrictive. Just as you need to narrow the subject of a thesis statement, so you will need to narrow the assertion about the subject. When you restrict the scope of your assertions in the thesis your writing
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Research Paper Writing

will be more focused. The length of your paper will determine how restricted your thesis will be. Compare the two statements below: Poor: There are many advantages to having professional sports teams in Houston. Better: Having professional sports teams in Houston has political, social and economic advantages. 3. A thesis is unified and expresses one main idea. A good thesis may sometimes include a secondary idea only if it is strictly subordinated
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Research Paper Writing

to the main one. It is wise to write your thesis before you draft an outline and definitely before you begin writing your paper. Compare the two statements below: Poor: My difficulties in English literature are unbelievable, but I am doing very well in algebra. Better: I am getting better grades in algebra than in English literature, because I seem more comfortable with exact concepts like numbers and formulas.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

Graphology A. You are going to hear an after-dinner talk about graphology. Listen carefully. Take notes in the notes box. After listening, tick all the statements that are true. [Listen] 1. The speaker does not earn his living from the subject of his talk. [ √ ] 2. The speaker is talking to a group of college students. [× ] 3. The speaker asks his listeners to take notes so that they will remember what he has said. [ × ]
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

4. According to the speaker, we all reveal our true personality in our handwriting. [ √ ] 5. The general shape of handwriting is as important as the small details [ √ ] 6. The speaker refers to two nineteenth century authors. [ × ] 7. Some companies now employ graphologists to help them select staff. [ √ ]

8. The speaker feels that the description of the handwriting and character analyses he is going to make later might embarrass some of his listeners. [ √ ]
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

B.

Listen again. Answer these questions. [Listen again] He is the manager of a local hotel.

1. What does Don Black do?

2. Why does Mr. Black ask his listeners to take notes? He wants to analyze their handwriting to find out about their personality. 3. What is graphology? It is the study and analysis of handwriting as a guide to character or personality.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

4. Is graphology a ―new science‖? Why? No. It was known to the ancient Romans, and monks in the Middle Ages.

5. Name the three great literary figures Don Black mentions who were interested in graphology in the nineteenth century? Charles Dickens, Sir Walter Scott, and Edgar Alan Poe.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

Script H: Ladies and Gentlemen. Ladies and Gentlemen. Thank you. Now this evening, it‘s my very great pleasure to introduce our speaker, whom in know you are waiting to hear. Mr. Don Black is in fact the manager of a local hotel, as many of you may know, but it is not about the hotel business that he is going to speak to us this evening. His subject this evening is graphology, and I will leave it to him to explain it to you. Mr. Don Black.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

DB: Good evening, ladies and gentlemen. This may sound a little unusual for an after-dinner talk like this — after all, you‘re not students at college, for instance — but while I am speaking this evening, I would like you all to take notes. I have provided you with paper and pencils. And when I have said what I want to say, which should not take more than five minutes or so, I would like to collect your papers and try to analyse some the characters from the handwriting. Because that‘s what graphology is: the study and analysis of handwriting as a guide to character or personality. By the way, please don‘t write your name on the paper.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

Whether you like it or not, your handwriting is a key to your personality. As a graphologist, I look for certain characteristics in a person‘s handwriting. I look to see how the writer has crossed a ?t‘, or nor cross it. I look at the ―a‘s‖ and ―o‘s‖ to see whether they are open or closed. Are the ―i‘s‖ dotted, and if so, are they with a small dot, a small line or a small circle? And how are the tails of letters like ?y‘, ?g‘, ?p‘ and ?q‘ written? The first thing a graphologist looks at, however, is the general appearance of the handwriting. Does it slope forwards, or backwards, or is it upright? Does it sometimes go up and sometimes go down?
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

Is the writing all the same size? — or does it get bigger or smaller? All these things help a graphologist deduce personality from handwriting. Although the ?science‘, if I may call it that, has become more specialized in the twentieth century, it is no means new. It was known to the ancient Romans, and monks in the Middle Ages were also interested in it. More recently, in the nineteenth century, at least three great literary figures — Charles Dickens, Sir Walter Scott, and the horror story writer, Eagar Alan Poe — all showed considerable interest in graphology.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

In this present century, graphologists have done great deal of research into the subject and adopted a scientific attitude. Thousands of samples of handwriting have been collected so that certain characteristics have been defined. And its acceptance, believe it or not, is seen in the fact that some companies now ask for handwritten applications for jobs, and then bring in consultant graphologists to study such applications in order to try to obtain some information about the applicants‘ suitability for a job even before an interview.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Listening Exercises

I‘m sure some of you must be very skeptical, but I can also assure you that it‘s done, and with some considerable success. I wonder if you‘d be good enough now to hand your papers to the Chairman, he can shuffle them, and I‘ll take a number, one by one, and describe the handwriting and do some character analysis. I sincerely hope that I don‘t embarrass anyone too much.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Further Enhancement
Lead-in Questions

Text II
Text Comprehension Questions for Discussion Fun Time and Memorable Quotes

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

Lead-in Questions What is your purpose of reading?

Open for discussion.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

WHY WE READ Katha Pollitt 1. What are we to make of the current, spluttering debate over the canon, in which charges of imperialism are met by equally passionate accusations of vandalism, in which each side hates the other and yet each one seems to have its share of reason? Perhaps what we have here is one of those debates in which the opposing sides, unbeknownst to themselves, share a myopia that will turn out to be the most telling feature of the whole discussion.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

2. Something is indeed being overlooked: the state of reading, and books, and literature in our country at this time. Why, ask yourself, is everyone so hot under the collar about what to put on the required-reading shelf? It is because while we have been arguing so fiercely about which books make the best medicine, the patient has been slipping deeper and deeper into a coma.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

3. Let us imagine a country in which reading is a popular voluntary activity. There, parents read books for their own edification and pleasure, and also read to their children, give them books for presents, talk to them about books, and underwrite, with their taxes, a public library system that is open all day, every day. In school — where an attractive library is invariably to be found — the children study certain books together but also have an active reading life of their own. Years later it may even be hard for them to remember if they read Jane Eyre at home and Judy Blume in class, or the other way around.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

In college young people continue to be assigned certain books, but far more important are the books they discover for themselves — browsing in the library, in bookstores, on the shelves of friends, one book leading to another, back and forth in history and across languages and cultures. After graduation they continue to read, and in the fullness of time produce a new generation of readers. Oh happy land! I wish we all lived there.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

4. In that other country of real readers — voluntary, active, self-determined readers — a debate like the current one over the canon would not be taking place. Or if it did, it would be as a kind of parlor game: What books would you take to a desert island? Everyone would know that the topten list was merely a tiny fraction of the books one would read in a lifetime. It would not seem racist or sexist or hopelessly hidebound to put Hawthorne on the syllabus and not Toni Morrison. It would be more like putting oatmeal and not noodles on the breakfast menu — a choice part arbitrary, part a nod to the national past, part, dare one say it, a kind of reverse affirmative action:
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

School might frankly be the place where you read the books that are a little off-putting, that have gone a little cold, that you might pass over because they do not address, in reader-friendly contemporary fashion, the issues most immediately at stake in modern life, but that, with a little study, turn out to have a great deal to say. Being on the list wouldn‘t mean so much. It might even add to a writer‘s cachet not to be on the list, to be in one way or another too heady, too daring, too exciting to be ground up into institutional fodder for teenagers.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

5. In America today the assumption underlying the canon debate is that the books on the list are the only books that are going to be read. Becoming a textbook is a book‘s only chance; all sides take that for granted. And so all agree not to mention certain things that they themselves, as highly educated people and, one assumes, devoted readers, know perfectly well: That if you read only twentyfive, or fifty, or a hundred books, you can‘t understand them, however well chosen they are.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

That if you don‘t have an independent reading life — and very few students do — you won‘t like reading the books on the list and will forget them the minute you finish them. And that books have, or should have, lives beyond the syllabus — thus, the totally misguided attempt to put current literature in the classroom. How strange to think that people need professional help to read John Updike or Alice Walker, writers people actually do read for fun. But all sides agree: If it isn‘t taught, it doesn‘t count.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

6. Let‘s look at the canon question from another angle. Instead of asking what books we want others to read, let‘s ask why we read books ourselves. I think the canon debaters are being a little disingenuous here, are suppressing, in the interest of their own agendas, their personal experience of reading. Sure, we read to understand our American culture and history, and to rediscover wrongly neglected masterpieces, and to learn more about the accomplishments of our subgroup and thereby increase our self-esteem.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

But what about reading for the aesthetic pleasures of language, form, image? What about reading to learn something new, to have a vicarious adventure, to follow the workings of an interesting, if possibly skewed, narrow, and ill-tempered mind? What about reading for the story? For an expanded sense of sheer human variety? There are a thousand reasons why a book might have a claim on our time and attention other than its canonization.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

I once infuriated an acquaintance by asserting that Trollope, although in many ways a lesser writer than Dickens, possessed some wonderful qualities Dickens lacked: a more realistic view of women, a more skeptical view of good intentions, a subtler sense of humor, a drier vision of life that I myself found congenial. You‘d think I‘d advocated throwing Dickens out and replacing him with a toaster. Because Dickens is a certified Great Writer, and Trollope is not.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

7. All sides in the canon debate seem to agree that the purpose of reading is none of the many varied and delicious satisfactions I‘ve mentioned; it‘s medicinal. The chief end of reading is to produce a desirable kind of person and a desirable kind of society. A respectful, highminded citizen of a unified society for the conservatives, an up-to-date and flexible sort for the liberals, a subgroupidentified, robustly confident one for the radicals. How pragmatic, how moralistic, how American!

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

8. But is there any list of a few dozen books that can have such a magical effect? Of course not. It‘s like arguing that a perfectly nutritional breakfast cereal is enough food for the whole day. And so the canon debate is really an argument about what books to cram down the resistant throats of a resentful captive populace of students; and the trick is never to mention the fact that, in such circumstances, one book is as good, or bad, as another.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

Because, as the debaters know from their own experience as readers, books are not pills that produce health when ingested in measured doses. Books do not shape character in any simple way — if, indeed, they do so at all. Books cannot mold a common national purpose when, in fact, people are honestly divided about what kind of country they want.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

9. For these burly purposes, books are all but useless. The way books affect us is in an altogether more subtle, delicate, wayward, and individual, not to say private, affair. And that reading is being made to bear such an inappropriate and simplistic burden speaks to the poverty both of culture and of frank political discussion in our time.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Reading

10. On his deathbed, Dr. Johnson — once canonical, now more admired than read — is supposed to have said to a friend who was energetically rearranging his bedclothes, ―Thank you, this will do all that a pillow can do.‖ One might say that the canon debaters are all asking of their handful of chosen books that they do a great deal more than any handful of books can do.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Comprehension

Answer the following multiple-choice questions: 1. What does the author mean by saying ―... while we have been arguing so fiercely about which books make the best medicine, the patient has been slipping deeper and deeper into a coma.‖?

A. There is no point arguing about which books make the best medicine B. Arguing about which books make the best medicine leads to the coma of the patient
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Comprehension

C. What we are discussing is of little use for our real situation. D. Books are of no use for patients [C]

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Comprehension

2. What are the most important books for children? A. The books their parents ask them to read. B. The books from school assignments. C. The books from the library, in bookstores or on their friends‘ shelves. D. The books they find for themselves. [D]

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Comprehension

3. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true? A. There can be a common national purpose of reading. B. Hawthorne‘s being on the syllabus would be just a choice part arbitrary, part a nod to the national past, part a kind of reverse affirmative action. C. The canon debaters have a lower expectation of their handful of chosen books. D. People always need professional help to read books. [B]
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Comprehension

4 What do the canon debaters take for granted? A. The books on the list are the only books that are going to be read. B. The more you read the more you understand what you read. C. Only when a book becomes a textbook can it be read. D. Our students only read textbooks. [C]

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Comprehension

5. What‘s the author‘s attitude towards the canon debaters‘ purpose of reading? A. Ironic. B. Supportive. C. Indifferent. D. Opposed [A]

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Questions for Discussion

1. What does the canon debate reflect? The canon debate reflects today‘s readers‘ utilitarian attitude towards reading. They tend to read only those books that are immediately useful to them.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Questions for Discussion

2. Does the author agree that the purpose of reading is medicinal? Why or why not? No, the author is vehemently against this idea. According to her, ―... while we have been arguing so fiercely about which books make the best medicine, the patient has been slipping deeper and deeper into a coma.‖ (Paragraph 2) She also asserts that ―... books are not pills that produce health when ingested in measured doses.‖ (Paragraph 8) Books themselves are not medicinal, society itself has slipped ―deeper and deeper into a coma.‖
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Questions for Discussion

3. What kind of activity, according to the author, should reading be? According to the author, reading should be a voluntary activity: ―There, parents read books for their own edification and pleasure, and also read to their children ... In school ... the children study certain books together but also have an active reading life of their own.‖ (Paragraph 3) In short, reading should not be forced on the students by the syllabus or through canonization.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Text II Questions for Discussion

4. What, according to the author, is the nature of the canon debate?

According to the author, ―... the canon debate is really an argument about what books to cram down the resistant throats of a resentful captive populace of students ...‖ (Paragraph 8) In other words, this debate is actually about what books should be included in the syllabus to be forced upon students, who re-sent it but have no choice.

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Notes of Text II

About the author Katha Pollitt (1949– ), American feminist writer. She is best known for her column ―Subject to Debate‖ in The Nation magazine but has also published in numerous other periodicals, including The New Yorker, Harper’s Magazine, Ms. Magazine and the New York Times. In 1994, she published Reasonable Creatures: Essays on Women and Feminism, a collection of nineteen essays that appeared in The Nation and in other journals. Before she became a regular columnist for The Nation, Pollitt edited its Books & the Arts section, and won a National Book Critics Circle Award for a volume of her poetry, Antarctic Traveller, in 1983.
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

the canon (Paragraph 1) those works, authors, etc. accepted as major or essential

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

Why ... is everyone so hot under the collar about what to put on the required-reading shelf? (Paragraph 2) Why ... is everyone so annoyed about what books we should be required to read?

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

... while we have been arguing so fiercely about which books make the best medicine, the patient has been slipping deeper and deeper into a coma. (Paragraph 2)

... while we have been arguing so fiercely about which books are best for us, society in terms of the appreciation of literature has deteriorated.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

Judy Blume (Paragraph 3) Born Judy Sussman (1938– ), American writer. Her young adult‘s fiction includes Are You There, God? It’s Me, Margaret (1970) and Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing (1972).

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

parlor game (Paragraph 4) an indoor game, especially a word game

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

Toni Morrison (Paragraph 4) American novelist; full name Chloe Anthony Morrison (1931– ). Her novels, such as Beloved (1987), depict the black American experience. She was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1993.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

have gone a little cold (Paragraph 4) have become a little bit unpopular

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

the issues most immediately at stake in modern life (Paragraph 4) the issues that have the most important impact on us in modern life

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

to be ground up into institutional fodder for teenagers (Paragraph 4) Literally it means ―to be crushed into school cafeteria food for teenagers.‖ Here it means ―the list of books selected or chosen to be read by teenagers.‖

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

... books have, or should have, lives beyond the syllabus ... (Paragraph 5) ... books have, or should have, usefulness beyond the syllabus imposed on the students ... In other words, we read the books not just because they are on the list in the syllabus.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

John Updike (Paragraph 5) John Hoyer Updike (1932– ), American novelist, poet, and short-story writer. He is noted for his quartet of novels Rabbit, Run (1960), Rabbit Redux (1971), Rabbit Is Rich (1981), and Rabbit at Rest (1990), the last two earning him Pulitzer Prizes. Other novels include The Witches of Eastwick (1984) and Bech at Bay (1998).

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

Alice Walker (Paragraph 5) (1944 – ) American writer and critic. She wrote the award-winning The Color Purple (1982), a story about a black woman rebuilding her life after being raped by her supposed father, which was made into a movie in 1985. She also wrote Possessing the Secret of Joy (1992) and By the Light of My Father’s Smile (1998).

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

Trollope (Paragraph 6) Anthony Trollope (1815–1882), English novelist. He is noted for the six ―Barsetshire‖ novels, including The Warden (1855) and Barchester Towers (1857), and for the six political ―Palliser‖ novels.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

The chief end of reading is to produce a desirable kind of person and a desirable kind of society. (Paragraph 7) The main pragmatic or instrumental purpose of reading is to produce a desirable kind of person and a desirable kind of society.

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Notes of Text II

Dr. Johnson (Paragraph 10) Samuel Johnson (1709–1784), British lexicographer and writer; known as Dr. Johnson. He is noted particularly for his Dictionary of the English Language (1755).

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Fun Time | Memorable Quotes

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

Fun Time | Memorable Quotes

"Never go to a doctor whose office plants have died." — Erma Bombeck "It is the theory that decides what we can observe." — Albert Einstein "By all means marry; if you get a good wife, you'll be happy. If you get a bad one, you'll become a philosopher." — Socrates

综合教程6(第2版)电子教案

上海外语教育出版社 出版 出 版 人:庄智象 策 划:牟 丽 薛东海 责任编辑:徐凌晶 校对测试:李 雪



音 制作 何三宁

南京信息工程大学 刘杰海 主 编:刘杰海 陈志杰

周幼华

?上海外语教育出版社,2013 版权所有 翻版必究
综合教程6(第2版)电子教案


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