合肥市 2012 年高三第二次教学质量检测 英语试题
(考试时间：120 分钟满分：150 分) 第Ⅰ卷(三部分，共 115 分) 第一部分：听力(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1．5 分。满分 7．5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项，并标在答题卷的相应位置。用答题卡的考生，先
把选出的最佳选 项标在试卷的相应位置，再转涂到答题卡上。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟 的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What will the weather be like tomorrow? A. A bit cold. B. Slightly hotter. C. Partly windy. 2. How does the man feel about his work? A. Bored. B. Excited. C. Unsatisfied. 3. What is the man's opinion of the exam? A. The exam questions were too easy. B. The questions had little to do with the book. C. He couldn't finish the questions within the given time. 4. Where is Jack now? A. At home. B. In the hospital. C. At the office. 5. How old is the man speaker? A. 49. B. 45. C. 41 第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1. 5 分, 满分 22. 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前, 你将 有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒钟韵作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。 请听第 6 段材料, 回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What happened to Tina's bat? A. It was stolen. B. It was broken. C. It was lost. 7 What does Tina ask Andrew to do tomorrow? A. To bring the book and the extra bat. B. To call Tina and his cousin back. C. To play table tennis with his brother. 请听第 7 段材料, 回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What do we know about the man's mother? A. She is good at Chinese cooking. B. She misses Sally very much.
C. She likes Western food. 9. What do Americans like to eat a lot? A. Bread and butter. B. Sugar and cream. C. Both A and B. 10. Why are many Americans so heavy? A. Because they don't work hard enough. B. Because they sometimes take naps in the day. C. Because they eat too much fast food. 请听第 8 段材料, 回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What are the speakers doing? A. They are climbing the mountain. B. They are playing basketball. C. They are going down hill. 12. What happens to the man? A. His left leg is broken. B. His right ankle is hurt. C. His waist is badly hurt. 13. Who passed the skill of massage to the woman? A. Her parents. B. Her grandma. C. Her friends. 请听第 9 段材料, 回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. When does the express train leave? A. Every afternoon. B. Every morning. C. At nine in the evening. 15. Which of the following does the man choose to take? A. The express train. B. The overnight train. C. The sleeper on the express train. 16. What does the man have to pay for? A. The meals. B. The water. C. The coffee. 17. What time does the woman advise the man to get to the train station? A. Before 8:30 in the evening. B. Before 8:00 in the morning. C. After 9:00 in the evening. 请听第 10 段材料, 回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What is the report mainly about? A. Energy use has been increasing sharply in Japan. B. Japanese people use more energy than Americans. C. People in European countries consume less energy. 19. Where do Japanese people usually wash first? A. Inside a tub. B. Out of a tub. C. In cold water. 20. What is energy mainly used for in European families? A. Kitchens and heating. B. Air - conditioning and bathrooms. C. Heating and air - conditioning. 第二部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节：单项填空(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分。满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并标在答题 卷的相应位置。用答题卡的考生，先把选出的最佳选项标在试卷的相应位置，再
转涂到答题卡上。 21. -- It's getting dark outside. I must be off now. -- ______. Stay in touch. A. Be easy B. Take care C. Go slowly D. Stay Longer 22. The children will not be allowed to go to the supermarket if they don't ______ the mselves. A. guide B. show C. act D. behave 23. ______ quality, technology and service, most Chinese ear makers are years behind their western competitors. A. In terms of B. In spite of C. In case of D. In favor of 24. He ______ that he is the only person here who can speak Spanish and Japanese flu ently. A. makes out B. turns out C. watches out D. checks out 25. It's reported that the future generations are going to live longer than we ____ now. A. are B. do C. will D. have 26. There is no ______ that I'll apologize to him again. It's totally his fault this time. A. use B. wonder C. way D. doubt 27. I'd rather read than watch TV. The programs seem ______ all the time. A. to get worse B. to be getting worse C. getting worse D. to have got worse 28. ______ female college graduates get a job appears to be rather difficult nowadays in China. A. That B. Why C. What D. Whether 29. When choosing a university, don't just think about its reputation; ______ for the m ost suitable one for your goals. A. to look B. looking C. looked D. look 30. ______ some people claim they can predict the future, there is no scientific basis b ehind it. A. As B. Once C. While D. Because 31. He could have been a doctor 20 years ago, but he ______ to be a teacher. A. chose B had chosen C. has chosen D. chooses 32. Suppose you could go camping this weekend, how ______ you feel? A. will B. would C. should D. do 33. The CEO always tries his best to create an atmosphere ______ his employees can express their opinions freely. A. for which B. which C. where D. of which 34. Little ______ about his own safety, though he was in great danger himself. A. cared he B. he cared C. did he care D. was he cared 35. I ______ a topic for the composition, but haven't decided yet. A. will think about B. was thinking about C. had thought about D. have been thinking about 第二节：完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中，选出可以 填人空白处的最佳选项，并标在答题卷的相应位置。用答题卡的考生，先把选出 的最佳选项标在试卷的相应位置，再转涂到答题卡上。
The American parenting style is characterized by an active interest and involveme nt in children's lives. Parents' 36 in their children' s lives have grown greatly, 37 a g eneration of emotionally healthy, capable and successful adults. American parents are unique in the sense that they make decisions 38 discussing issu es with their children. This way of 39 may not be considered valuable in other parts o f the world, where 40 cultural values drive parents to rule with an iron fist. By involv ing their children in the decision-making process, parents are preparing them for 41 , where success is often determined by an individual's ability to make thoughtful, infor med 42 . American children also gain confidence from this kind of 43 power and le arn to consider the consequences of their actions. American parents are also constantly observing successful parenting techniques form other 44 . 45 people from other countries continue to get into American society, Am erican parents take the 46 of these cultures and combine the best aspects of them wit h 47 American styles of child-raising. Early experiencing 48 ideas also gives Ameri can children a healthy appreciation for 49 and creates a tolerant society. American parents 50 children with a strong support system and give them 51 in th eir own abilities. When children are fully confident that their parents are concerned 5 2 and affected by their behavior, they become 53 and self-assured. Tile democratic ( 民 主 的 ) and fair way, which Americans 54 to parenting, promotes individuals who am pr epared to become strong-minded and successful 55 in the future. 36. A. roles B. beliefs C. difficulties D. expectations 37. A. bringing up B. taking back C. resulting in D. dating from 38. A. while B. after C. when D. before 39. A. consulting B. arguing C. referring D. parenting 40. A. strict B. flexible C. authentic D. average 4I. A. adulthood B. livelihood C. childhood D. neighborhood 42. A. friends B. progress C. choices D. achievement 43. A. limited B. endless C. shared D. soft 44. A. institutes B. cultures C. experts D. organizations 45. A. As B. If C. Since D. Once 46. A. differences B. features C. similarities D. values 47. A. traditional B. modern C. colorful D. fashionable 48. A. updated B. different C. complex D. general 49. A. prosperity B. similarity C. variety D. stability 50. A. provide B. combine C. mix D. associate 51. A. support B. assistance C. judgement D. confidence 52. A. at B. with C. to D. over 53. A. relaxed B. generous C. dependent D. hardworking 54. A. adapt B. add C. apply D. advise 55. A. teenagers B. athletes C. grown-ups D. heroes 第三部分：阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中．选出最佳选项，并标 在答题卷的相应位置。 用答题卡的考生，先把选出的最佳选项标在试卷的相应位
置，再转涂到答题卡上。 A Designed as a gift book or family souvenir, this beautiful hardcover has a traditional c onnection with Christmas virtues . Each virtue is discussed in a short article and then f ollowed by four to five all-new heart-touching stories fromChicken Soup for the Soul. Each section ends with a one-page suggestion for how to start your own holiday tradi tion, from baking cookies to charity ideas, which reflects the spirit of the virtue. With the amusing description of life and heart-warming tales about eats, each touchin g story in Chicken Soup for the Cat Lovers' Soul celebrates the special bond we share with our eats. The Real Dear Friends explores the classic puzzles which every child aged 9-19 faces: friends -- making them, keeping them, fighting with them, losing them, helping them and competing with them. And there are no lectures here; this is the straight talk from teens that young readers love. This is a book that covers problems for girls only! Chicken Soup for Girls' Soul is a b ook by girls, for girls, where readers can find encouragement, support and positive ad vice when facing the challenges of being a pre-teen girl. The heart-warming stories and photographs in Chicken Soup for the Soul Celebrates Grandmothers celebrate and catch the loving moments spent together with family: the joyful surprise of becoming a grandma, the amazing times when young children teach them lessons about life and living. 56. What do you know about Chicken Soup for the Soul? ______. A. It tells how to celebrate Christmas B. It is designed for girls only C. It contains many short stories D. It is a book mainly on bakery 57. If you are a pet lover, which book might interest you most? ______. A. Chicken Soup for the Soul B. Chicken Soup for the Cat Lovers' Soul C. The Real Dear Friends D. Chicken Soup for Girls' Soul 58. The Real Dear Friends appeals to young readers because it ______. A. tells the real experience of teenagers B. has a beautiful hardcover which teens like most C. covers touching lectures by famous authors D. gives suggestions on how to defeat their friends 59. The feature of the Chicken Soup for the Soul Celebrates Grandmothers lies in ___. A. some useful suggestions on traditional cooking B. encouragement and support from family members C. some experiences of teens in different regions D. a perfect combination of warm stories and photos B My years at Yale University provide me with some of the most sincere happiness I ha ve ever experienced. The nostalgia, though, results from the thought of leaving this fa mily and moving on to a different period of life. The relationships during my four years here are one of the most unforgettable aspects of my life. Yale has allowed me to create friendships with many that will undoubtedly be brilliant in our future society. Also, I am certain that Yale has offered me the opport
unity to learn and share my faith with others. Lastly, the academic education I receive d here is remarkable. It is such an amazing opportunity to have the dedicated, coopera tive and knowledgeable teachers that are present at our school. It seems like just a few days ago when I took my first steps onto campus, and now we seniors are approaching our final steps. The shyness as freshmen has now transformed into confidence and maturity, I still remember walking down the halls, admiring the s eniors for their calmness and strength. Looking back, I am sure that my experiences w ithin this family were fantastic. I know that my memories of this school, whether they are the sporting events or the dances, will always be present in nay life. Thus, it is sad to be aware of the end of a happy four years. Leaving Yale will be diffic ult after all of the great memories I have gained from attending school here. Anyway, i t is exciting to realize that as seniors, we are approaching an entirely new life, an entir ely new opportunity. As for you underclassmen , cherish the moments that you spend on this campus, because they can become some of the most memorable times of your l ives. 60. The underlined word nostalgia in paragraph 1 probably means ______. A. excitement about leaving the family B. thoughts about happy times in the past C. disappointment with the university D. challenges of a different period of life 61. The author believes Yale has offered him the following opportunities EXCEPT __ ____. A. to make friends with many excellent students B. to learn and share his faith with others C. to make the academic education there remarkable D. to have dedicated, cooperative and knowledgeable teachers 62. We can know from paragraph 3 that the writer ______. A. has become confident and mature in the later semesters in Yale B. likes walking down the campus admiring those proud seniors C. is regretful for not cherishing those happy moments in the school D. is unwilling to leave Yale because he misses his friends there 63. The passage is probably ______. A. a report for an important conference B. a reminder of those good old days C. a story about the writer's happy time D. a speech at a graduation ceremony C Nowadays women appear to have a positive image of themselves as safer drivers than men. In a survey done for insurer MetLife, 51% of women said they drive more safely. The evidence is on their side: Men are 3.4 times more likely than women to get a ticket for careless driving and 3.1 times as likely to be punished for drunk driving. "Women are on average less aggressive and more law abiding drivers, which leads to fewer accide nts," the report says. However, not all male drivers share the same opinion. Of the me
n surveyed by MetLife, 39% claimed male drivers were safer. The findings did back t hem up on one point: automotive knowledge. The report showed that more men are fa miliar with current safety equipment such as electronic stability control, which helps p revent rollover accidents. Auto safety unavoidably matters to Money. Insurance companies focus on what classe s of drivers have the lowest dollar amounts of claims, and for now, that mainly includ es women. In general, women pay about 9% less for auto insurance than men. A study by the website Insweb also showed that auto insurance rates are lower for women in most states. Among individual states, women get the greatest advantage in Wyoming ( where they pay 20% less), South Dakota and Washington, D. C., where their insuranc e costs are 16% lower. "More than 11,900 male drivers died in U.S. traffic accidents in 2009, compared wit h just under 4,900 women drivers," according to the study. "Based on miles traveled, men died at a rate of 2.5 deaths per 100 million miles traveled, vs. 1.7 deaths for women." 64. According to the study, female drivers ______. A. are more aggressive while driving B. are more interested in auto knowledge C. are more likely to stick to driving laws D. are more familiar with safety equipment 65. Insurance companies focus on female driver clients probably because they _____. A. cause more accidents on the road B. pay more money to the insurance companies C. take the most part of the insurance clients D. have the lowest amount of money on insurance claims 66. We can infer from the passage that ______. A. men are 3.1 times more likely to get tickets than women B. all women in the USA pay the same for their auto insurance C. more female drivers die every year than male drivers D. women are generally safer drivers than the opposite gender 67. The writer mainly develops paragraphs by ______. A. giving examples B. making comparisons C. drawing a conclusion D. presenting an argument D Wisdom teeth are normally the last teeth to appear. This usually happens when people are in their late teen years or early twenties, in other words, when they are older and w iser. Wisdom teeth can grow into place normally and never cause a problem. But often ther e is not enough room for them in the mouth; they might crowd other teeth. Sometimes they even push sideways through the gums (齿龈) An impacted wisdom tooth is one that fails to completely rise through the gums. Wisd om teeth that only partly break through can leave space for bacteria to enter around th e teeth. Infection (感染) is a risk in these cases. Wisdom teeth that are not well lined and become impacted are often removed. The A merican Dental Association says removal is generally advised when wisdom teeth onl y partly break through the gums. Removal is also advised if there is a chance that wis
dom teeth are poorly lined. The best time to remove is before the teeth cause any prob lems or pain. Young adults are the best candidates for wisdom teeth removal. But why do we have wisdom teeth if we often need to get them removed? One theory has to do with our diets. Scientists say the diet of ancient humans probably required m ore chewing teeth. Life was probably a little rougher on the teeth back then, too. So it was good to have extras. 68. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Just older and wiser people can have wisdom teeth B. Wisdom teeth can cause problems if not in their right place C. Impacted wisdom teeth can't grow out of the gum fully D. Wisdom teeth that only partly break can get bacterial infections 69. Wisdom teeth should be removed ______. A. when they break through the gums B. when they are below the gums C. if they are not well lined or get impacted D. if they take up enough room in the mouth 70. We can learn from the passage that ______. A. impacted wisdom teeth have the risk of getting infected B. ancient humans need chewing teeth because of their happy life C. older adults are the best candidates for wisdom teeth removal D. more chewing teeth are needed for the diet of modern humans 71. The main purpose of the passage is to ______. A. advise B. persuade C. comment D. introduce E Though in a digital age, college students nowadays are still holding fast to traditional books. According to the National Association of College Stores, digital books make u p just under 3% of textbook sales, although the association expects that share to grow to 10% to 15% by 2012 as more titles are made available as e-books. However, threequarters of the students, who grew up learning from print books, say that they are unw illing to give up the ability to turn over quickly between chapters, write in the edges a nd highlight passages. The new technology has produced various options for students. College Booksellers, which operates 636 campus bookstores nationwide, is now marketing its new software application, which allows students to read e-textbooks on PCs. The company introduc ed the free application last summer in hopes of attracting more students to buy its elec tronic textbooks. "Now the biggest barrier is getting them to try it," said the company’ s vice president. But not every textbook is available in digital or rental format. Generally, an e-textboo k is cheaper than a used book, though more expensive than a rental. The expense of co llege textbooks has become a great concern and teachers from over 40 colleges nation wide are encouraged to assign texts that are less expensive, or to offer them free onlin e. As the buy-back price drops greatly and quickly, some professors suggest that the b ook stores should not have the last say and there should be something for students to d ecide by themselves.
72. College students prefer traditional books mainly because they ______. A. want to keep the ability of reading print hooks B. have the habit of turning over quickly between pages C. find it interesting to keep notes in the edges of books D. feel more relaxed to read print materials 73. Which of the following is NOT true according to the 2nd paragraph? ______. A. College Booksellers operates more than 600 bookstores in campus B. The free application was introduced to increase sales of electronic textbooks C. Campus students now fancy a try of the free software application D. The company's management still has to do more to sell the e-books 74. We can learn from the passage that ______. A. second-hand books are cheaper than rental books B. all the textbooks have both the digital and rental formats C. the price totally determines the student's selection of books D. the price of buy-back books are determined by book stores 75. The best title for the text would be ______. A. Addiction to Traditional Books B. Print Books in a Digital World C. More Texts in Digital Format D. Book Price Drops Sharply and Quickly 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题，共 35 分) 第四部分：写作(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节 任务型读写(共 1O 小题；每小题 1 分。满分 1O 分) 阅读下面短文，根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填人恰当的单词。 注意：每个空格只填一个单词。 Have you ever intended to be fully absorbed in your work but found yourself distracte d (走神) by e-mail, the Internet and other things throughout the day? "People often lose their concentration when they are bored, of course, but also when t hey are engaged in challenging tasks," says Peter Bregman. "They sometimes have a f eeling to escape from what's difficult or boring, so they jump out," he says. The part o f the brain devoted to attention is connected to the brain's emotional center. Any stron g emotion-quarrels with colleagues, problems at home-can interrupt our attention. Stu dies over the last decade have shown that too much work to do at a time can easily lea d to distraction. Refocusing is hard for many people. Robert Epstein suggests the following, "Stop and listen to music for a few minutes. Go for a short walk or take a deep breath, where yo u breathe in deeply, count to five slowly, hold it and breathe out very slowly." This ca n "blow out all the tension and the unwanted in your mind to restore your focus." Take more control by structuring your time and becoming more aware of your behavi ors. "Setting the phone alarm to go off every hour is my way of creating awareness," Mr. Bregman says," You have to inform yourself that you've lost focus in order to do something about it." Starting the day with a to-do list is important, such as when to eat , when to go to the gym or take a walk. But if it's overly ambitious, you will put yours elf in a state of anxiety, which makes it hard for the brain to concentrate. "Choosing th ree or four things as your priority for the day allows your brain to settle down and focus," he says.
Topic (77)___ of getting distracted (81) ___ of strong emotions
How to become more (76) ___ on the work? ▲People tend to get away from things that they're (78) ___ up with. ▲Strong (79) ___ affect the brain' s part for attention. ▲People get distracted easily if (80) ___ multitasks at a time. ▲having a (82) ___ with a colleague. ▲meeting with problems at home
▲Stop working to restore your focus by (83) ___ your breath and try different relaxing things. Tips on holdin ▲(84) ___ your time effectively and create awareness of your be- hav g iors. attention ▲Make a to-do list at the beginning of a working day. ▲Focus on 3 or 4 things and get them done (85) ___ for the day. 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假如你叫王军， 是一名刚刚经历过高考的大一学生。请结合自己的经历给高三的 学生们提一些缓解学习压力的建议。 要求：1) 建议至少要 3 条： 2) 字数：120 词左右； 3) 开头已为你写好，不计入总词数。 Dear friends, I used to be under great pressure when I was in Senior Three, eager to be admitted by an ideal university but at the same time anxious about my final score. __________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Wang Jun
合肥市 2012 年高三第二次教学质量检测 英语试题参考答案 第一部分听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 1-5 ACBAC 6-10 BAACC 11-15 CBBBB 16-20 AAABC 第二部分 21-25 BDAAB 26-30 CBADC 31-35 ABCCD 36-40 ACBDA 41-45 ACCBA 46-50 DABCA 51-55 DBDCC 第三部分阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 56-59 CBAD 60-63 BCAD 64-67 CDDB 68-71 ACAD 72-75 ACDB 第一节 :任务型读写 (共 10 分) 76. focused/concentrated 77. Causes 78. fed 79. emotions /feelings ' 80. given / offered/ assigned 81. Examples/Cases/Situations 82. quarrel . 83. regulating / adjusting 84. Plan/Schedule/Arrange/Structure 85. first One possible version Dear friends , I used to bc under great pressure when I was in Senior Three, eager to be admitted by an ideal university but at the same time anxious about my final score. Luckily, I finally managed to get through and realized my dream. To help you lessen your anxiety, I have some suggestions for you to follow. Firstly, don't aim too high. Make a practical study plan and focus on the basic knowledge in your learning. Secondly,make good use of your time. Stay concentrated when you are doing your lessons. After class, do some physical exercise and make sure that you have enough sleep. Thirdly, leam to reduce your pressure. If you have some difficulties or feel worred, talk with your family members or friends. Of course, you can also find some other ways to relax yourselves. Sincerely hope that my suggestions could be helpful and wish you good luck in the coming College Entrance Exams. Yours sincerely, Wang Jun
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