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人教版高一英语必修四综合测试题


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综合测试题
二、单项选择
21. Oranges are usually sold by _______ weight and eggs are sometimes sold by ________ dozen. A. the; the B. /; a C. /; the D

. the; a

22. Though punctual herself, the professor was quite used ________ late for her lecture. A. to have students C. for students to be B. for students’ being D. to students’ being

23. When people move to another country, they often try _______ the customs of their native land. A. to keep on B. to keep off C. to keep up D. keeping up

24. — The experiment is of particular importance. — I see. I will carry on with it ________ I can get enough money. A. unless B. though C. whether D. until

25. I think that this meal was well worth ________ was charged for it. A. that B. what C. which D. how many

26. ________ all over the hills and around the lake are wild flowers of different kinds. A. To grow B. Growing C. Grown D. Grow

27. Though he sometimes loses his temper, his students like him ________ for it. A. not so much B. not so little C. no more D. no less

28. Professor Yang gave all the textbooks to all the pupils, except ________ who had already taken them. A. these B. ones C. the ones D. the others

29. Do you think the reason ________ she gave is believable? A. for which B. which C. why D. what

30. ________ she is, she seldom shows her precious coins to others. A. Coin-collector as C. A coin-collector as B. As a coin-collector D. Coin-collector that

3l. From his ________ voice on the phone I know everything is going under way. A. satisfactory B. satisfying C. satisfied D. satisfaction

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32. — Does Bob do his new job well? — ________ his old job. I’m afraid there’s no hope for him. A. Not better than C. Not so well as B. No better than D. Not as well as

33. — I’m so sorry, I shouldn’t have been so rude to you. — You ________ your temper but that’s OK. A. have lost 34. — Is the job easy? — ________. I’ll just do my bit. A. I think so B. Certainly C. Not a little D. Anything but B. had lost C. did lose D. were losing

35. Though he knew little about the large amount of work done in the field, he succeeded ________ other more well-informed experimenters failed. A. which B. that C. what D. where

三、完形填空
One o’clock in the morning, the last guest finally left. Though we had 36 their stay, my

wife and I were quite thankful to shut the door on them. We left all the dirty dishes and glasses 37 they were, and after opening a few windows to let some 39 asleep. 41 with a strong smell 43 heavy clouds of 38 air in and the smell of

food out, we climbed into bed and I 40

have been asleep for more than half an hour when I 42

of smoke.

half asleep, I stepped into the living-room, and there, 44

smoke, I saw one of our curtains was on fire. I should have delay, failed, I who 48 45 47

the windows then without 46 this

instead I tried to beat out the fire with a folded (折叠的)newspaper.

into the kitchen to carry a bucket of water. At the same time, I shouted to Barbara, phoned to summon the fire brigade (消防队) 49 50 buckets of water from the kitchen to 52 . We were unable to 53 coming to help me. We had to 51 the fire, fanned by the 54

work at top speed

wind from the windows,

out the fire, but we managed to 55

it under control until the arrival of the firemen. Fortunately, they arrived little difficulty in putting out the fire. 36. A. liked B. hated C. enjoyed

, and they had

D. asked

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37. A. where 38. A. hot 39. A. fell 40. A. must 41. A. sensed 42. A. Not 43. A. through 44. A. broken 45. A. and 46. A. For 47. A. went 48. A. eagerly 49. A. before 50. A. taking 51. A. beat 52. A. rising 53. A. get 54. A. keep 55. A. at one time

B. as B. warm B. felt B. may B. felt B. Still B. by B. opened B. but B. When B. got B. nervously B. for B. getting B. fight B. burning B. put B. leave B. at a time

C. what C. fresh C. got C. couldn’t C. awoke C. No C. from C. closed C. so C. And C. hurry C. hurriedly C. after C. sending C. prevent C. lighting C. keep C. make C. in no time

D. that D. cold D. went D. mustn’t D. slept D. Only D. in D. removed D. or D. If D. rushed D. certainly D. when D. carrying D. make D. spreading D. take D. hold D. at no time

四、阅读理解
A If you called someone a scientist in the early eighteenth century they would have thought of someone who improved on practical designs. Benjamin Franklin was such a scientist. He liked asking questions and then trying to find out the answers. For example, he thought that storms moved in the opposite direction to the winds that went with them. He suggested that it would be possible to mark the path of a storm on a map. To prove it he rode into a storm and then followed it down the road. Today people do not chase storms but they do mark their journeys down on maps. Since Benjamin Franklin spent so much time sailing from America to Europe, he became

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very interested in sea currents. In November, 1783, when he was in Paris, he happened to watch the first hot air balloon flight. He thought that hot air balloons could be used for war, perhaps for spying or dropping bombs on an enemy! But sadly he died before the first American hot air balloon flight. 56. The passage mainly tells us that Benjamin Franklin A. worked on electricity C. liked to do experiments . B. thought scientifically D. could do things better than others .

57. The example in the first paragraph is used to suggest A. Franklin was thinking in a different way B. storms and their winds go in different directions

C. Franklin was someone who tried to find out how things worked D. Franklin’s observation is of great use to today’s meteorology 58. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A. The first known hot air balloon flight took place in November, 1783. B. In Benjamin’s times, people began to travel in hot air balloon. C. Benjamin’s prediction about balloon flights has come true. D. Benjamin was interested in peaceful uses of hot air balloon flights. B One day Haydn and Mozart had a competition. Mozart bet Hayden that he could not play the entertaining piece which Mozart had composed earlier that day. Haydn happily agreed to the bet as he was famous for his sight-reading of music. So Mozart produced the piece of music and put it on the keyboard. At first Haydn had no trouble with it. He began well but all of a sudden the music stopped and his hands fell to his sides. There was a difficulty. This piece of music required the pianist to play at opposite ends of the keyboard while a note was being played directly in the centre of the piano. How could this be achieved? It seemed impossible! Haydn sat and looked at the music and was finally forced to agree that Mozart had won the bet. “But you can only win if you play this piece yourself,” he said. Mozart willingly agreed. He took his place at the piano and began to play. Sure enough his two hands were soon busy at either end of the keyboard just as the note in the centre of the keyboard needed to be played. Haydn watched in amazement as Mozart

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bent his face towards the keyboard. As the time for the note to be played arrived, Mozart bent his head very close to the keyboard that. Then he picked out the note and played it — with his nose. Haydn laughed and had to agree that Mozart had won the bet fair and square! 59. What did Mozart and Haydn bet? A. They bet that Haydn couldn’t read a piece Mozart had composed. B. They bet that Haydn couldn’t play a piece Mozart had composed. C. They bet that Haydn couldn’t produce a piece as Mozart required. D. They bet that Haydn couldn’t tell whether a piece was composed by Mozart. 60. Haydn was famous for A. reading music by sight C. commenting on music 61. We can infer from the passage that . . B. composing music D. playing music with a piano

A. Haydn enjoyed a better reputation than Mozart B. Haydn thought it was an unfair competition C. Mozart was better than Haydn in playing music D. Mozart was confident he would win in the competition 62. Which of the following is the best title of the passage? A. A Gifted Musician C. An Interesting Competition C The Sabara Festival is a three-day African celebration of the very recent past, which takes place every year either in November or December. It is part military display and part competition. The military display comes first. It is very popular with tourists and local people and especially with government leaders. During the opening ceremonies, the government leaders first make speeches. They welcome everybody to the display and hope that everyone will enjoy themselves. Then there is a display of soldiers who march very smartly in front of the place where the government leaders sit. Then horsemen from several different countries show off their beautiful clothes and their good riding skills. One after another they come and dancers from all over the Sahara take their turns to show B. Friendship between Two Musicians D. A Famous Piece of Music

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off their wonderful traditional clothes and dances. They are accompanied by men playing drums and beating strong rhythms for the dancers. The highlight of the opening ceremony are the races which take place in the evening. It is the grand finale of the day. Men ride their horses very fast. Some ride with their legs in the air, others ride in pairs on different horses. It is so fast and so wonderful! 63. The Sabara Festival is a festival which A. has a very long history in North Africa B. is not celebrated on the same dates each year C. is attended mainly by the people in the Sahara D. is celebrated only by travellers from different countries 64. Before the races begin, take part in the activities during the opening ceremonies. .

A. horsemen, dancers, horses and soldiers B. horsemen, horses, government leaders and dancers C. government leaders, horsemen, dancers and soldiers D. musicians, soldiers, government leaders and soldiers 65. The underlined word “finale” in the third paragraph most probably means the the opening day. A. first part B. middle . C. last part D. whole of

66. This passage mainly tells readers

A. what happens on the opening day of the Sahara Festival B. how people celebrate during the three-day Sahara Festival C. what takes place at the closing ceremonies of the Sahara Festival D. how animals race on the first and the last days of the Sahara Festival D What is teaching? It’s a difficult question to answer. In fact, as long as teachers fail to distinguish between teaching and learning, they will continue to undertake to do for children that which only children can do for themselves. Teaching children to read is not passing reading on to them. It is certainly not endless hours spent in activities about reading. Douglas insists that “reading cannot be taught directly and schools should stop trying to do the impossible”.

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Teaching and learning are two entirely different processes. They differ in kind and function. The function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make it possible for children to devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read. Teaching is also a public activity. It can be seen and observed. Learning to read involves all that each individual does to make sense of the world of printed language. Almost all of it is private, for learning is an occupation of the mind, and that process is not open to public scrutiny. If teacher and learner roles are not interchangeable, what then can be done through teaching that will aid the child in the quest(探索) for knowledge? Smith has one principal rule for all teaching instructions. “Make learning to read easy, which means making reading a meaningful, enjoyable and frequent experience for children”. When the roles of teacher and learner are seen for what they are, and when both teacher fulfil them appropriately, then much of the pressure and feeling of failure for both is eliminated. Learning to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to solve the problem of leaning to read by reading. 67. According to the passage, learning to read will no longer be a difficult task when ________. A. reading enriches children’s experience B. teacher and learner roles are interchangeable C. teaching helps children in the search for knowledge D. children become highly motivated 68. The instruction of reading will be successful if .

A. teachers can enable students to develop their own way of reading B. teachers can improve conditions at school for the students C. teachers can devise the most efficient system for reading D. teachers can make their teaching activities observable 69. The underlined word “scrutiny” most probably means “ A. inquiry B. suspicion C. control ”. D. observation

70. The main idea of the passage is that ________. A. teachers should do as little as possible in helping students learn to read

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B. teachers should encourage students to read as widely as possible C. reading is more complicated than generally believed D. reading ability is something acquired rather than taught

五、阅读下面的短文,根据上下文和空白处首字母的提示补全单词
Table manners vary from culture to culture. What is a 71 in one country may be

considered extremely rude in another. Here we will tell you about the ancient table manners and the m 72 and s 74 table manners in Korea. Traditionally, it was the woman’s d the table. The woman would sit b 75 73 to cook food

her husband to make sure that he had

everything he needed for a pleasant meal. Only when the husband f 76 , would the woman and her children eat. Nowadays, table manners have changed a lot. Most of the family members eat t 77 at the same time. It is common to see everyone help with the meal, i 78 79 , has not changed. It is t 80 the husband.

One tradition, h

the oldest person starts the meal. Staying

until the oldest person is finished is considered to be a basic tradition of Korean table manners. 71. a 76. f 72. m 77. t 73. d 78. i 74. s 79. h 75. b 80. t

六、书面表达
假设你是校学生会主席, 请你为大家讲解下周要举行的英语演讲比赛的评分标准, 建议 包含以下要点: 1. 文章主题明确:20% 2. 语言表达清楚:10% 3. 发音准确地道:20% 4. 语速适中:10% 5. 带有感情色彩:40% 注意:不要逐条翻译,100 词左右。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

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参考答案
二、单项选择
21. C 解析:by weight 意为“论重量,以斤两计” ;by the dozen 意为“论打计” 。 22. D 解析:be used to(one’s)doing sth 习惯于(某人)做某事。 23. C 解析:keep on 意为“继续” ;keep off 意为“使离开” ;keep up 意为“保持,维持” ; try to do sth 意为“努力做某事” ;try doing sth 意为“试着做某事(看行不行)” 。根据句义选 C。 24. C 解析:whether 引导名词性从句时,意为“是否” 。若其引导状语从句,意为“不论是否” 。 25. B 解析:worth 后接一个宾语从句,其引导词既用作 worth 的宾语,又充当宾语从句的主语。 26. B 解析:此题为倒装句。 27. D 解析:no less 意为“还是,仍旧” ,相当于 none the less。 28. C 解析:those who … 意为“??的人” ,由此可排除 A 项。句中出现了 all the pupils, 由此可知题意为“除去??的学生” ,故 D 项排除。ones 表泛指,the ones 表特指。 29. B 解析:先行词 the reason 在定语从句 she gave 中用作宾语,故选 B。 30. A 解析: “名词+as+主语+be”是让步状语从句的一种表达方式,其中的名词前不可带冠词。 31. C 解析:声音 voice 能体现人的情感,satisfied 意为“感到满意” ,符合题意。satisfying 意为“令人感到满意” ,多说明某物或某事。 32. B 解析: “no+比较级+than”意为“与??一样不??” ,表示否定。 “not+比较级+ than”意为“与??不相上下” ,表示肯定。 33. C 解析:答语谈的是过去的事情,表示对听者过去无礼的原谅。由此语境可排除 A、B、 D 项。 “do/does/did+动词原形”是一般式谓语动词的强调结构。 34. D 解析:anything but 意为“绝不,一点也不” ,相当于 not … at all;not a little 意为“非 常,许多” 。 35. D 解析:where 引出地点状语从句。succeed 是不及物动词,不可接宾语。

三、完形填空
36. C 解析:从 though 一词和后文的客人走了之后用 thankful 形容我们可以看出,他们玩
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得很开心。故最佳答案为 enjoy。 37. B 解析:as it is 表示“听之任之” 。 38. C 解析:开窗当然是为了让新鲜空气进来,让食物的气味排放出去。 39. A 解析:fall asleep 为固定短语,表示“睡着” 。 40. C 解析: 与下一空相搭配, “我睡了顶多不过半个钟头” 用否定句式 have hardly/not 表示 , done sth when …;而 must 不用于否定句中表示推测。 41. C 解析:D 意思不对,A、B 与介词 with 搭配不对。 42. B 解析:早上两点才睡觉,睡了才半个小时,此时仍然睡眼朦胧。 43. A 解析:through 指“从中间穿过” ,透过满屋烟雾, “我”看见是怎么回事。 44. C 解析:上文已提到“我”睡觉前将窗户打开了,因此 A、B 不对,remove 表示“挪 开,拿走,去掉” ,不合文义。句义为“我本该把窗户关上的” ,下文(第 51 空所在句)提到 窗外的风助火势。 45. B 解析:根据上下文用 but 表转折,表示“本该??,可是??” 。 46. B 解析:从上下文看,fail 这个动作已经发生,因此用 when 不用 if,用报纸灭火没有 用时, “我”就用其他办法。 47. D 解析:事情紧急, “我”冲进了厨房。C 选项错在时态。 48. C 解析:家里失火了,要救火,当然迫在眉睫,用 hurriedly 才妥。 49. A 解析:先打电话再来帮“我” ,句义为“来帮我之前给消防队打电话” 。 50. D 解析:将水从厨房运到房里灭火,47 空所在句中有提示。 51. C 解析:与下一空前面的介词 from(被省略)构成搭配,表示“不让火蔓延” ,中间插入 了过去分词短语作定语。 52. D 解析:不让火势蔓延,与上文 prevent (from) doing 构成搭配,与下文 it under control 相呼应。 53. B 解析:句义为“我们不能扑灭大火” ,put out the fire 表示“灭火” 。 54. A 解析:bring/keep sth under control 表示“控制” 。 55. C 解析:in no time 表示“立刻,马上” 。

四、阅读理解
56. B 解析:本文并未提到 Franklin 在电学方面的成就,因此 A 不对;而 C 和 D 也未涉及。 57. C 解析:从第二行 practical 一词可以看出 C 选项正确。

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58. C 解析:A 不是推断出来而是直接呈现的;B 与最后一句话不符;D 选项错在 peaceful 一词上。 59.B 解析:第一段第二句告诉了答案,即:Mozart bet Hayden that he could not play the entertaining piece which Mozart had composed earlier that day. 60. A 解析:由第一段第三句可知正确答案是选项 A。 61. D 解析:从 Mozart 后来的表现和倒数第六行的 willingly 一词可以看出选项 D 正确。 62. C 解析:A、D 明显与文章不符;文章并没有如 B 所说强调友谊,而只是一次有趣的打 赌。 63. B 解析:从第一段就能发现 A、C、D 是错误的。由第一段第二行的 either … or 可以看 出它的日期不定。 64. C 解析:第二段中逐个介绍了开幕式中参加表演的人。 65. C 解析:从前后的信息中可以看出这部分应该是当天开幕式的高潮,也是最后部分了。 结合 the evening 和 finale 本身与 final 的联系来看,也应选 C。 66. A 解析:文章第二段和第三段的中心词都是 opening ceremonies,闭幕式从没提到,也没 有提到三天具体的活动,所以选 A。 67. D 解析: 依据文章第四段、第五段所提供的信息,特别是第五段第三行 Learning to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to solve the problem of learning to read by reading. (当教师们创造了一种环境,使孩子们有机会 自己通过阅读解决所遇到的问题时,学习阅读就变得容易多了),可以看出 D 项与之最为相 近。 68. A 解析: 依据文章第二段第二行 The function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make it possible for children to devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read. (教学的任务是为学生能够找出自己最有效的自学阅读的方法创造条件和 氛围),A 项符合上述意思,为正确答案。注意与选项 C 的区别。 69. D 解析:猜测词义题。inquiry 询问;observation 观察;control 控制;suspicion 怀疑。 该词出现在第三段最后两句 process is not open to public scrutiny,考生可从该句的上文作出 推测。 最明显的提示出现在第二段最后两句 Teaching is also a public activity. It can be seen and observed. 所以,scrutiny 最可能的词义应该是 observation,故 D 项正确。 70. D 解析: 依据文章第一段最后一句 reading cannot be taught directly and … 说明阅读能力

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并不是通过教师教就能掌握的。 教师应做的是给学生创造一个好的环境和条件, 激发学生阅 读的渴望,培养出良好的阅读习惯和方法,只有这样,才能掌握阅读技能,提高阅读水平。 所以选项 D 正确。

五、阅读下面的短文,根据上下文和空白处首字母的提示补全单词
71. acceptable 76. finished 72. modern 77. together 73. duty 78. including 74. set 79. however 75. by/beside 80. that

六、书面表达
参考范文: Provided that you want to gain a relatively good grade in the coming English speech competition next week, first, you must have a good piece of writing whose subject is quite clear. Also the article should have very good wording. And then, when you are giving the speech, you must pronounce every word correctly and you should have standard intonation and proper speed. The most important of all, you should give the speech with emotion. I hope that everybody is well prepared according to the rules mentioned above. Wish you good luck.

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