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such and so用法区别


Book1 unit 2
such / so
1.such 是形容词,用来修饰名词,名词前有无形容词都可以。 1) such a (big) fool / such a (poor) family /such an ( honest ) boy →→such+a/an+(adj)+单数名词 eg: He is such a (big) fool. 2) such (good) things/ such (useful) books →→such+(adj)+复数名词 eg:Such things often happen in our daily life. 3)such (fine)weather/ such (valuable )time →→such+(adj)+不可数名词 eg: Such weather is not seen in Wuhan. 4)such people are dangerous. →→such+集合名词 2.so 是副词,用来修饰形容词或者副词。 so beautiful/ so popular/ so wonderful so fast/ so quickly/ so smoothly eg:She is so clever a girl that we all like her. The horse ran so fast that no one could stop it. 1) so 后面也可以接名词 so clever a boy/ so useful a book →→so+adj+a/an+单数名词 (此句型可与 such 句型互换,但位置不同 ) such a clever boy/ such a useful book eg: He is such a clever boy. →→→→He is so clever a boy. 2)当名词前有表示“多、少”意义的 many,much,few,little 等修饰词时用 so,不用 such. ? so many students / so many flowers/ so many people ? so few books / so few cards So+many/few+复数名词 ※ so much knowledge / so much water ※ so little money / so little time So+much/little+不可数名词 3)当 many,much ,few ,little 单独作为名词使用时,用 so so much for today There are so few that I can not give you any more. 4)当 little 表示小的意思修饰可数名词时,只能用 such,不用 so. I have never seen such a little girl. The girl is such little that she knows so little.
??→→→→

It is such fine weather that many people are playing in the park. Jack has read so many novels that he wants to write his own novel. I don’t understand why such a rich country has so many beggars.


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