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珍贵资料--高中英语语法总结归纳--历年高考真题常考点详细归纳讲解与练习2--代词


高中英语语法通霸 2014 版

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第二章 代词
英语中的代词,按其意义、特征及在句中的作用分为九种: 人称代词 物主代词 指示代词 反身代词 疑问代词 不定代词 关系代词 相互代词 连接代词 分为主格(如:I, you, he 等)和宾格(如:me, you, him) 分为形容性物主代词(如:my, his, your)和

名词性物主代词(如:mine, his, yours) 常见的有四个:this 这,that 那, these 这些, those 那些 如:myself 我自己,himself 他自己,themselves 他们自己 用在特殊疑问句中。 who, whom, whose, what, which。 Who is that boy? What do you like? 有: 如: 如:some 一些, many 许多, both 两个都, everything, everybody 等 引导定语从句。如:This is the boy who won the race. 指 each other 与 one another,意为“互相” 疑问代词在引导从句时,都称为连接代词,包括 who, whom, whose, what, which, whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever,一共九个。如: It is clear enough what she meant. 她是什么意思很清楚。 (引导主语从句) I don’t care what they think. 他们怎么想我不管。 (引导宾语从句)

第1讲 人称代词
我 主格 宾格 形容性物主代词 名词性物主代词 反身代词 I me my mine myself 你 you you your yours yourself 他 he him his his himself 她 she her her hers herself 它 it it its its itself 我们 we us my mine ourselves 你们 you you your yours yourselves 他们 they them their theirs themselves

人称代词分为主格和宾格。 考点1. 代词作同位语

如果代词和名词指代相同时,常用主格或宾格 作同位语,(答疑 qq 329950885)不用物主代词。 改错:Our Chinese people are friendly. 把 our 改为 we, 因为我们本身就是中国人。 1. ______ students are tired of doing so much homework. We had better make it known to our teachers. A. Our B. We C. Us D. Ours 2. 【2007 湖南】To save class time, our teacher has ______ students do half of the exercise in class and complete the other half for homework. A. us B. we C. our D. ours

② 在比较句型中,as 和 than 后的主格可以用宾格代 替。 I am taller than she/her. He is as tall as she/her. ③ but, except 作“除了……”解并且位于主语之后时, 后面可以跟主格也可跟宾格。 Nobody but/except he/him knew it. ④ 人称代词单独出现时,常用宾格。 Who runs faster, you or me? 3. —Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard. —Why ____? John is sitting there doing nothing. A. him B. he C. I D. me

4. 【2009 山东】—Poor Steve! I could hardly recognize him just now! —______. He has changed so much. 考点2. 用人称代词宾格代替主格的情况 A. Never mind B. No problem C. Not at all D. Me neither ① 口语中作表语的人称代词一般用宾格,不用主格。 —Who is it? —It’s me.

答疑:QQ 329950885

第2讲 指示代词
指示代词一般指:this, that, these 和 those 考点1. this, that 替代 the pleasure,与前面提到的同属“快乐的事” , 但却是不同的事。 如果前面名词是可数名词复数时,要用 those 而不 用 that。 有时也用 one(ones)代替前面出现的名词,但只 能代替可数名词。如: The book on the table is more interesting than that (或 the one) on the desk. A box made of steel is stronger than one made of wood. 3. 【2013 四川】The traffic on the main streets has a longer green signal than ______ on the small ones. A. one B. this C. that D. it 4. 【2013 辽宁】To her joy, Della earned first the trust of her students and then ______ of her colleagues. A. that B. one C. ones D. those 5. 【2008 全国 I】 The English spoken in the United States is only slightly different from ______ spoken in England. A. which B. what C. that D. the one

that 则指前面讲到过的事物,有承上的作用, this 常指后面要讲到的事物,有启下的作用。 I want to tell you this: the English party will be held on Saturday afternoon. He hurt his leg yesterday. That’s why he didn’t come. 1. 【2007 浙江】—He got his first book published. It turned out to be a bestseller. —When was ______? —______ was in 2000 when he was still in college. A. that; This B. this; It C. it; This D. that; It 2. 【2008 辽宁】—Could you tell me how to get to Victoria Street? —Victoria Street? ____ is where the Grand Theatre is. A. Such B. There C. That D. This 考点2. that 指代前面提到的名词,后总是跟限制性 的后置修饰语, 复数时要用 those

that 可以代指可数名词也可代指不可数名词。 6. 【2009 江苏】Nine in ten parents said there were it 和 that 都可替代 “the+单数名词 (可数或不可数), ” significant differences in their approach to educating their children compared with ______ of their parents. 都是特指,(答疑 qq 329950885)但 it 指前面提到的 A. those B. one C. both D. that “同一”事物,而 that 是指前面提到的“同类”事 物。如: 7. 【2012 浙江】Studying Wendy’s menu, I found that many of the items are similar to ____of McDonald’s. ① 【2001 全国】The Parkers bought a new house but A. those B. ones C. any D. all ____will need a lot of work before they can move in. A. they B. it C. one D. which ② 【1999 全国】Few pleasures can equal______ of a cool drink on a hot day. A. some B. any C. that D. those 分析:①选 B, 因为指的同一事物。②选 C 。that 8. 【2013 天津】 our factory there are a few machines At similar to ______ described in this magazine. A. them B. these C. those D. ones

第3讲 不定代词(一)
没有 明 确指 定 代替 任 何 特定 名 词或 形 容词 的词叫做不定代词,常用的不定代词有: all, any, another, both, each, every, either, every, few, little, many, much, no, none, neither, one, other, some 以及由 some, any, no, very 和 body, one, thing 构成的复合词 考点1. one 不可指代不可数名词 looks like. —What do you think of ______ over there? A. the one B. this C. it D. that 2. Our furniture is much cheaper than ______ you bought last year. A. one B. ones C. that 1. 【2011 重庆】—Silly me! I forget what my luggage 考点2. D. those

one 作同位语,等于 a/an+名词

高中英语语法通霸 2014 版

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3. 【2002 全国】Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, ______ I will always treasure. A. that B. one C. it D. what 4. For Tim this was the beginning of a new life, ______ he thought he would never see. A. what B. that C. one D. it 5. —Can I help you? —I’d like to buy a gift for my mother, ______ at a proper price but of great use. A. that B. one C. anyone D. everything 考点3. one, it, the one, the ones 的区别

形容词和副词。 Each boy has eaten one apple. (each 为形容词) Each of them has eaten one apple. (each 为代词) They each have eaten one apple. (each 为代词,作 同位语) They have eaten one apple each. (each 为副词) 改错: ①There are many tall trees on every side of the road. ②Every of the students in our class has a dictionary. 改为: ①把 every 改为 each, 因为路只有两条边, every 而 用于三者及三者以上。 ②把 Every 改为 Each,或在 Every 后加 one。 12. 【2012 上海】When he took his gloves off, I noticed that ______ one had his name written inside. A. each B. every C. other D. another 考点5. any, either 表示“任何一个”时的区别

在指代时,one 可以替换为:a+名词, 而 it 指特 定的某一个,相当于 the+名词。在 the one 和 the ones 中,one 指代前面提到的可数名词。 6. 【2000 全国】—Why don’t we take a little break? —Didn’t we just have ______? A. it B. that C. one D. this 7. 【2011 福建】We have various summer camps for your holidays, you can choose ______ based on your own interests. A. either B. each C. one D. it 8. 【1992 全国】 Zhang gave the textbooks to all the Mr. pupils except ______ who had already taken them. A. the ones B. ones C. some D. the others 9. 【2005 江西】 Cars do cause us some health problems —in fact far more serious ___ than mobile phones do. A. one B. ones C. it D. those 10. 【2005 浙江】 We’ve been looking at the houses but haven’t found ______ we like yet. A. one B. ones C. it D. them 11. 【2007 陕西】—There is still a copy of the book in the library. Will you go and borrow ______? —No, I’d rather buy ______ in the bookstore. A. it; one B. one; one C. one; it D. it; it 考点4. each, every 表示“每一”时的区别

① any 表示“任何”的意思, 用于三者及三者以上。 Any child can do that.(定语) You may take any of them.(宾语) ② either 是“两者中任何一个”的意思, 可修饰或代替 单数可数名词。如: Here are two pens. You may take either of them. (宾语) ③ each 指两者时可与 either 互换。如: There are many trees on either/each side of the road. 13. 【2008 上海】 Do you want tea or coffee? ______, I really don’t mind. A. None B. Neither C. Either D. Or 14. 【2009 陕西】Jane was asked a lot of questions, but she didn’t answer ______ of them. A. other B. any C. none D. some 15. 【2010 重庆】 had lost his temper and his health in He the war and never found ______ of them again. A. neither B. either C. each D. all 16. 【2013 山东】I’ve lived in New York and Chicago, but don’t like ______ of them very much. A. either B. any C. each D. another 考点6. neither, both 与 all, none (both 与 all 表示部 分否定)

① 从数量上: 用于两个或两个以上的人或物,而 each every 用于三个或三个以上的人或物。也就是说, 只有两个时,必须用 each, 三个及三个以上时,用 each 和 every 都行。 Each/Every student has a computer. ② 从意义上:each 侧重于个体,强调“每一个”, 而 every 侧重于整体,强调 “全部”。 Each student has a computer. 每个学生都有台电 脑。 Every student has a computer. 所有的学生都有电 脑。 ③ 从词性上: every 只能作形容词, each 可作代词、 而

① both 用于否定句,表示部分否定;表示完全否定 时,用 neither。如: Both of us are not teachers.我们俩并不都是教师。 Neither of us is a teacher. 我们俩都不是教师。 ② all 用于否定句,表示部分否定,完全否定用 none。如: Not all the ants go out for food.(or: All the ants don’t go out for food.) 并不是所有的蚂蚁都出去寻找食物。

答疑:QQ 329950885

None of the money is mine.这钱一分也不是我的。 ③ 另外,neither 是“两者中没有一个”的意思,可以 作形容词,修饰或代替单数可数名词,它所修饰 的名词用单数形式,(答疑 qq 329950885)后面的 谓语也用单数形式。如 Neither boy knows French. 17. ______ of them do not drink wine. A bottle will be enough. A. No B. None C. All D. Every one 18. 【2013 新课标Ⅱ】It’s an either-or situation — we can buy a new car this year or we can go on holiday but we can’t do ______. A. others B. either C. another D. both 19. 【2012 全国新课标】Larry asks Bill and Peter to go on a picnic with him, but ______ of them wants to, because they have work to do. A. either B. any C. neither D. none 20. 【2012 重庆】—John, when shall we meet again, Thursday or Friday? —______. I’ll be off to London then. A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None 21. 【1998 全国】 —Can you come on Monday or Tuesday? —I’m afraid ______ day is possible. A. either B. neither C. some D. any 考点7. another, other, others, the other, the others, the rest 的区别

下的那一个”,用于三者或三者以上的排列。 ③ another 还可表示“再,又”。(参看:P. 错误!未 定义书签。 many more + 名词, much more + 名词, 与 another) ④ the rest 既可代替可数名词,也可代替不可数名词, 而 another, other, others, the other(s)只能代替可数 名词。 ⑤ else 只能放在复合不定代词或者疑问词后。如: Did you see anybody else? 你还看见别的人吗? Who else was at the party? 聚会上还有谁? ⑥ each other, one another(相互)。按传统语法,each other 指两者;而 one another 指三者或三者以上。 但在现代英语中,两者常可互换。如: You should help each other (one another). 你们应该互相帮助。 We know each other’s (one another’s) weak points. 我们都彼此了解对方的缺点。 ⑦ one after another(一个接一个), 如:I’m not surprised he’s feeling ill—he was eating one ice-cream after another! ⑧ “any other +单数名词”(别的 / 其他的任何一个) Shanghai is larger than any other city in China. ⑨ one way or another “以某种方式”; “无论如何”。 Everyone at the party was related (in) one way or another. These bills have to be paid one way or another.

① “the other +名词复数” (或用 the others) 表示“其余 的全部……”;“other + 复数名词(或用 others)” 22. 【2011 陕西】 —Would you get me a bar of chocolate 泛指“其他的 (别的) 人或物” 并不有意强调全部) ( 。 from the kitchen, dear? 如: —______ one? Five of the pencils are red, the others (the other pens) A. Other B. Every are yellow. C. Another D. More Some are singing, and others are dancing. (others 泛指 23. 【2000 全国】If you want to change for a double 其余的,指其余的绝大部分。暗示可能有极少数既 room you’ll have to pay ______ $ 15. 没唱歌也没跳舞。如果用 the others 则指剩余的全 A. another B. other 部,表示其余的无一例外都在跳舞。) C. more D. each some…, some…, some…, others…,意为“一些…… 24. 【2010 安徽】You are the team star! Working with 一些……一些”。 ______ is really your cup of tea. A. both B. either ② the other 强调剩下的这一个,此时只有一个;常出 C. others D. the other 现在 one…the other 中, 用于两者之间。如:He got

two books; one is a textbook, the other is a novel. 25. 【2005 上海】No progress was made in the trade talk 也可用于其他表示“只剩下这一个”的情况。如: as neither side would accept the conditions of ______. A. others B. the other There were three boys in the classroom. One is Tom, C. either D. another another is John, and the other is Ken. another 修饰或代替单数可数名词,用于“三个或三 26. I have done much of the work. Could you please 个以上”,指代剩下的两个或两个以上中的一个。 finish ______ in two days? A. the rest B. the other This coat is too dark. Please show me another.(宾语, C. another D. the others 外衣总数为三件及三件以上。除去这个外衣之外, 剩下的起码有两件; 如果只剩一件的话, 就要用 the 27. 【2013 重庆】Recycling is one way to protect the other。) environment; reusing is ______. A. another B. the other one … another/a second… a third…the other…常用 C. one another D. one 于列举, 意为“一个……一个……一个……一个, 剩

高中英语语法通霸 2014 版

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B. one D. either

28. 【2009 重庆】Over the past 20 years, the Internet helped change our world in ______ way or another for the better.

A. any C. every

第4讲 不定代词(二)
考点1. something, anything, everything 与 somebody, anybody, everybody A. something C. everything B. anything D. nothing

在 everyone (everybody)和 everything 中, every 虽然表示“每一个”,但它侧重于“全部的,所有 的”。因此,everyone (everybody)和 everything 虽 然意为“每个人”,“每件事/物”,但却侧重于 表示“全部的、所有的”。它们表示的是“整体” 的概念。如: Is everyone here? 大家都到齐了吗? Everything goes well. 一切顺利。 在 someone (somebody)和 something 中,some 表示“特定”的某一个,属于“ 不确定特指”, 即:虽然没有指明是哪一个,但也是“特定”的某 一个, 并且只能是 “这个” 而不能是别的任何一个。 因此,someone (somebody)和 something 意为“某 个人”“某件事/物”。它们表达的是“特定”的 “个体”概念。如: Somebody broke the glass yesterday. 昨天有人把杯子打碎了。 Something is wrong with the machine. 机器出故障了。 在 anyone (anybody)和 anything 中, 是 any “任 何一个”的意思。它们表达的是不确定的“个体” 概念,即:所代指的可以是“这一个”,也可以是 其他任何一个。它们意为“任何一个人” “任何一 件事/物”。如: Has anybody been to Hong Kong in our class? 我们班有没有人去过香港? Is anything wrong with you? 你怎么了? 1. I agree with most of what you said, but I don’t agree with ______. A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing 2. —What an amazing film! It’s the most interesting film I’ve ever seen. —But I’m sure it won’t interest ______ . A. somebody B. anybody C. everybody D. nobody 3. —Do you have ______ at home now, Stella? —No, we still have to get several pounds of fruit and some tea. A. something B. everything C. nothing D. anything 4. 【2008 山东】Make sure you’ve got the passports and tickets and ______ before you leave.

5. 【2005 全国 1】 haven’t enough books for ______; We some of you will have to share. A. somebody B. anybody C. everybody D. nobody 6. 【2005 湖北】 First , it is important to recognize what kind of person you are and which special qualities make you different from ______. A. everyone else B. the other C. someone else D. the rest 7. —Do you mind if Charlie borrows a few hundred dollars from you? —I’m afraid I do. I’ll be glad to lend money to ________ but Charlie. A. someone B. everyone C. anyone D. no one 8. 【2007 上海】The mayor has offered a reward of $ 5, 000 to ______ who can capture the tiger alive or dead. A. both B. others C. anyone D. another 9. His study is better than _________. A. anyone else’s B. anyone else C. anyone’s else D. everyone else 10. —What happened yesterday? —I don’t think ______ happened. A. anything B. everything C. nothing D. something 11. He cares so little about his meals that _____ will do so long as it fills his stomach. A everything B something C anything D nothing 12. 【2007 重庆】Jim sold most of his things. He has hardly ______ left in the house. A. anything B. everything C. nothing D. something 13. ______ of us can do everything, but all of us can do ______. A. None; something B. Some; everything C. Few; something D. Few; nothing 14. 【2005 安徽】 don’t think we’ve met before. You’re I taking me for ______. A. some other B. someone else C. other person D. one other 15. ________ in the office had made a mistake, and the firm regretted causing the customer inconvenience. A. Someone B. Anyone C. Everyone D. No one

答疑:QQ 329950885

考点2.

everyone 与 every one

everyone 是一个词, 只用来指人, 等于 everybody, 在它后面不能跟介词 of; every one 是两个词,既可 用来指人,也可用来指物,等于 each one,后面可跟 介词 of。请看以下例句: Everyone of the children likes this game.(误) 每个孩子都喜欢这个游戏。 Every one of the children likes this game.(正) 链接: everyday 日常的,every day 每天 He recites everyday English every day. 他每天背日常英语。 16. _____ likes being praised. _____ of them especially likes being praised. A. Everyone; Every one B. Every one; Everyone C. Everyone; Everyone D. Every one; Every one 考点3. none, no one, nobody 的区别

B:None. 一分也没给。 A:Who went to see the film? 谁去看电影了? B:No one (Nobody). 谁也没去。 17. —How many elephants did you see? —______. A. None B. No one C. Nothing D. Not many 18. —Who was in the building when the fire broke out? —______. A. None B. No one C. Not any one D. Not anybody 19. 【2008 浙江】—I’d like some more cheese. —Sorry, there’s ______ left. A. some B. none C. a little D. few 20. 【2009 上海】—Wow! You’ve got so many clothes. —But ______ of them are in fashion now. A. all B. both C. neither D. none 21. 【2012 江西】My brother would like to buy a good watch but ______ was available from that shop. A. nothing B. none C. no one D. neither 22. 【2013 陕西】 Although Rosemary had suffered from a serious illness for years, she lost ______ of her enthusiasm for life. A. some B. neither C. none 考点4. D. all

① no one,nobody 只指人,nothing 指没有什么事 物,none 兼指人和物。 ② 用作主语时,no one, nobody 后的谓语动词一般 用单数, 按传统语法, 两者之后均不能接 of 短 语。none 代替不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用 单数形式;代替可数名词作主语时,谓语动词可 用单数也可用复数形式。None 后可跟 of 短语。 如: No one (Nobody) knows. 谁也不知道。 No one (Nobody) likes it. 没人喜欢它。 None of the money has been found. 那些钱都没被找到。 None of the trees grow/grows well. 那些树长得都不好。 ③ none 往往暗示有一定的范围(这种范围通常就 表现在其后的 of 短语上)着眼于数量概念,特 , “ 指的人或物一个也没有,一点儿也没有” 。而 no one 或 nobody 则不暗示这种范围,即指“谁都 没有。 ” 体会下面的两组对话: A:Did any of your friends come to see you? 你的朋友当中有谁来看过你吗? B:None. 一个也没来。 A:Did anyone come to see you? 有人来看过你吗? B:No one (Nobody). 谁也没来。 ④ 在回答 how many 或 how much 的提问时,通 常用 none, 而在回答 who 的提问时, 通常用 no one 或 nobody。体会: A:How many English books have you read? 你读 过多少本英文书? B:None. 一本也没读。 A:How much money did you give her? 你给了她 多少钱?

something, somebody, nobody 的特殊用法

① something 意为“重要的人物”, 相当于 somebody。 She thinks she’s something since she won the beauty contest. 选美比赛得了奖,她就自以为了不起了。 链接:He thinks he is somebody but he is nobody. 他自以为了不起,实际他一文不名。 ② something 还可表示“重要的事物”。 These paintings were really something. 这些画确实出色。 I think you may have something there. 我认为(答疑 qq 329950885)在那方面你可能是有 道理的。 ③ something of a(an)+n.表示“可以说是一个……” 的意思。 Dr. James is a scholar and something of a philosopher. 詹姆斯博士是个学者,也可以说是个不错的哲 学家。 联系: He isn’t much of a cook. 23. 【2011 四川】There is ______ in his words. We should have a try. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

高中英语语法通霸 2014 版

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考点5.

everybody /something 等人称代词替代问题 anyone/ anybody /somebody /everybody

Everyone in our class goes in for sports, don’t they? ③ 在口语中,特别是对话中,为避免明确指出所指 对象的性别。 Everybody was wearing their shorts. I told everyone to run as fast as they can. something, everything 谓语动词用单数 (包括在 反意问句的陈述和疑问部分中) : Everything has gone wrong today, hasn’t it ?

① 指个体时,谓语动词用单数: Has anyone a dictionary he can lend me? Everyone in our class goes in for sports. ② 指“全部、无一例外”时,anyone/anybody 在附加 问句中, 则其主语用复数代词表示此意: Anybody can enter for the race, can’t they?

第5讲 反身代词
反身代词指:myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves。 表示单数的反身代词以 self 结尾;表示复数的反身 代词以 selves 结尾; 第一人称和第二人称前面用的是物主代词;第三人 称前面用的是代词宾格。 反身代词有两种用法:反射,强调 I. 反射 反身代词指代主语,与指代的名词或代词形成互指 关系。反身代词和人称代词作宾语时具有不同的含 义。如: 我昨天亲自听他这么说的。 She did it herself. (=She herself did it. ) 她自己做的。 The story itself is not interesting. 故事本身并不令人感到有趣。

练习 1. 【2010 上海】If our parents do everything for us children, we won’t learn to depend on _________. A. themselves B. them C. us D. ourselves

2. 【2006 福建】—Who called me this morning when I was not in? He saw himself in the mirror. —A man calling ______ Robert. 他在镜子里看见了他自己。 (himself ,he 为同一人) A. his B. himself C. his D. / He saw him in the mirror. 3. 【2007 上海春】 Treat _____ to a glass of wine to help 他在镜子里看见了他。 (him 显然指另外一人) you relax at the end of the day. 因此当宾语和主语指代同一人时,要用反身代词, A. one B. oneself 不能用人称代词。 C. you D. yourself I could not dress (myself) up at that time. 4. 【2008 江西】Isn’t it amazing how the human body 那个时候我不能打扮我自己。 heals _____ after an injury? She seated herself by the window. A. himself B. him 她拣了窗边的一个座位坐下来。 C. itself D. it I am not myself today. 我今天不舒服。 5. 【2008 湖南】 Our neighbors gave _____ a baby bird She was beside herself with grief. yesterday that hurt _____ when it fell from its nest. 她悲伤过度,精神失常了。 A. us; it B. us; itself C. ourselves; itself D. ourselves; it Behave yourselves, children.孩子们,规矩点。 The girl fell off her bike and hurt herself. 女孩从自行车上摔下来,受了伤。 改错: He had a deep voice, which set himself from others in our small town. 【2013 新课标Ⅰ】 答案:himself 改为 him II. 强调:常作同位语 I myself heard him say so yesterday. 6. 【2011 安徽】Surprisingly, Susan’s beautiful hair reached below her knees and made _____ almost an overcoat for her. A. them B. her C. itself D. herself 7. 【2013 上海】Those who smoke heavily should remind ________ of health, the bad smell and the feelings of other people. A. theirs B. them C. themselves D. oneself

答疑:QQ 329950885

第6讲 代词 it 的常考点
考点1. it 作形式主语或宾语, 代指后面的不定式或动 名词或句子 ② Someone is at the door. _____ must be Mr. Smith. A. He B. It C. This D. That 答案:①A ②B 11. —Who’s that? —____ Professor Li. A. Its B. It’s

1. 【2010 全国 2】The doctor thought _____ would be good for you to have a holiday. A. this B. that C. one D. it 2. 【2007 全国 II】_____ felt funny watching myself on TV. A. One B. This C. It D. That 3. 【2012 陕西】No matter where he is, he makes _____ a rule to go for a walk before breakfast. A. him B this C. that D. it 4. Why don’t you bring _____ to his attention that now students are bearing too heavy learning load? A. it B. this C. that D. what 5. You may depend on _____ that he will turn up in time. A. it B. me C. which D. them 6. Will you see to _____ that the luggage is brought back? A. me B. yourself C. it D. them 7. 【 2011 山 东 】 The two girls are so alike that strangers find ___ difficult to tell one from the other. A. it B. them C. her D. that 8. — I don’t know whether I should go abroad or not, Mum. — I leave _____ to your own judgment whether you should do it. A. that B. it C. this D. what 考点2. 用于表达天气、环境、时间、距离、季节等

C. He’s

D. This’s

12. —Who knocked on the door? —I’ve no idea. I just pretended nobody was at home, so I didn’t ask who _____ was. A. he B. that C. she D. it 考点5. I like it when…

在通常情况下,like 是及物动词,其后应有宾 语(句中 it 即为其宾语)。句中的 when 从句不 是宾语从句, 而是时间状语从句, 其中的 when 的 意思是“当……的时候”。其实,也有的词典将 I don’t like it when(if)… 作为一个句型来处理。 能这样用的动词不多,主要的有 enjoy, like, dislike, love, hate, prefer, appreciate 等表示喜好的 动词。 She won’t like it if you arrive late. 她不喜欢你迟到。 He hates it when people use his bike. 他讨厌别人用他的自行车。 13. —Have you got used to your school life here? —Yes, but I don’t like _____ when we have to do exercises on cold winter morning. A. that B. it C. those D. this 14. I dislike _____ when others laugh at me in public or think poorly of me behind. A. that B. those C. it D. them 15. I’d prefer _____ if I didn’t have to get up early on Sundays. A. that B. such C. it D. which 16. 【1998 全国】I hate _____ when people talk with their mouths full. A. this B. that C. it D. you 17. 【2006 山东】 appreciate _____ if you would like I’d to teach me how to use the computer. A. that B. it C. this D. you 18. 【2004 全国 I】I like _____ in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright. A. this B. that C. it D. one 19. —Do you like _____ here? —Oh, yes. The air, the weather, the way of life. Everything is so nice. A. this B. these C. that D. it

① It’s half an hour’s walk from here to our school. (指距离) ② It’s nice and warm here. (指天气、气候) ③ But it’s two o’clock now, and it’s time for us to go to school. (指时间) 9. They live on a busy main road. _____ must be very noisy. A. There B. It C. That D. They 考点3. 不知性别,是婴儿常用 it

10. Mary is expecting another baby and hopes _____ will be a boy. A. he B. that C. it D. there 考点4. it 用以指身份不明的人

it 用以指身份不明的人。 若指身份明确的人, 则不 宜用 it。试比较: ① Mr. Smith is at the door. _____ wants to see you.

高中英语语法通霸 2014 版

9

考点6.

I can’t help it/ can help it/ can’t help doing/ can’t help but do

我一直是每两个星期上一次小提琴课,但是我想从 现在起每个星期都上课。 ④ 表示及时抵达某地 We are too late; I don’t think we can make it. 我们太迟了,我想我们难以准时赶到了。 The train won’t leave for another ten minutes, so I think we can make it. 离开车还有 10 分钟,我想我们能赶得上。 ⑤ 表示约定时间 —Shall we make it next week? —OK, let’s make it next week. —下个星期可以吗? —好的,咱们就定在下个星期吧。 Let’s make it at 8:30. Is that all right for you? 我们约在 8 点半吧,这对你合适吗? ⑥ 表示病情好转 The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it.医生知道那个病人没什么希望了。 23. 【2012 全国Ⅱ】 Sarah made _____ to the airport just in time to catch her plane this morning. A. herself B. this C. that D. it 24. 【2013 陕西】—Shall we go for a drink at one o’clock this afternoon? — ______. Will two o’clock be OK? A. Sure, it’s up to you B. Sure, no problem C. Sorry, I can’t make it D. Sorry, I’m not available today

Can’t help doing= can’t help but do:无法控制、忍 不住做某事、不能停止做某事 She talked too much; she couldn’t help it / herself. He failed in the examination and couldn’t help feeling sad. 他考试没通过,不由得感到难过。 You can’t help but respect them. ( 答 疑 qq 329950885)你不能不尊敬他们。 Sue doesn’t always mean to be so rude but sometimes she just can’t help herself. I always get angry with him. I just can’t help it. can’t help“不能制止,不能控制”;那么 can help 就 是“能制止,能控制住”。 【2006 全国 I】If I can help _____, I don’t like working late into the night. A. so B. that C. it D. them 本句的意思为“要是我能制止得住的话,我也不愿 意工作到深夜”。又如: I can’t help it if he doesn’t come. 如果他不来,我也没办法。 We can’t help it that things went badly. 没有办法,事情进展得不顺利。 20. 【2006 全国 I】If I can help _____, I don’t like working late into the night. A. so B. that C. it D. them 21. 【2005 全国 1】—Oh dear ! I’ve just broken a window. —_____. It can’t be helped. A. Never mind B. All right C. That’s fine D. Not at all 22. 【2013 新课标 I】Try not to cough more than you can ___ since it may cause problems to your lungs. A. check B. allow C. stop D. help 考点7. make it 的用法

链接: it 用于强调句型 25. —Who is making so much noise in the garden? —_____ the children. 参看 P. 错误! ( 未定义书签。 错误!未找到引用源。 ) A. It is B. They are C. That is D. There are

① 表示事业获得成功 You will make it if you try. 你会成功的,如果你努力的话。 He’s never really made it as an actor. 他当演员从未有所成就。 ② 表示某人做成某事 You needn’t worry; he will make it. 你不必担心,他会办成的。 I thought he would be too old to get to the top of the mountain, but he made it at last. 我原以为他年纪大爬不到山顶,但最后他还是爬上 去了。 ③ 表示设法做到某事 I’ve been having violin lessons every two weeks, but I think I’ll make it every week from now on.

写作专练: 使用好代词,写正确优美句子(P. 错误! 未定义书签。)

答案:

代词
第1讲 人称代词 1. 第2讲 指示代词 1. 6. 第3讲 不定代词(一) 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 第4讲 不定代词(二) 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 第5讲 反身代词 1. 6. 第6讲 代词 it 的常考点 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. D C B C A 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. C A D B D 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. D B B C D 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. A B C D C 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. A C C C A D C 2. 7. B C 3. D 4. C 5. B A A C A B 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. C C A A C 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. B C A B A 4. 9. 14. 19. C A B B 5. 10. 15. 20. C A A D D C A A B A 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. C C A C C A 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. 28. B A C D A B 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. C B B C C 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. B A B B B D D 2. 7. C A 3. 8. C C 4. A 5. C B 2. A 3. D 4. D


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