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山东省诸城市2010届高三上学期12月质量检测考试英语试题


高三英语试题 第Ⅰ卷(共 105 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 21. ---I’m sorry I can’t accept ______ pric

e offered. ---Well, I’m sure you can’t find ______ better bargain. A. the; a B. a; the C. a; a D. the; the 22. Due to bad weather, the police had to ______ the search for the missing boy. A. resign B. abandon C. conduct D. release 23. As they are retired, Mr. and Mrs. Scott prefer a house in the country to spend their late years to ______ in a large city. A. which B. it C. one D. that 24. Was it in the village _____ we u sed to live in ____the accident happened? A. where; that B. which; that C. that; where D. where; which 25. Even today I still remember the great fun we had ______ games on the beach in those happy days. A. play B. to play C. playing D. played 26. The engine of the ship was _____ and the bad weather ____ the helplessness of the crew at sea. A. out of order; added to B. beyond reach; put to C. in place; turned to D. under control; led to 27. We all know that, _____ , the climate change will get worse. A. not if dealt carefully with B. if not carefully dealt with C. if dealt not carefully with D. not if carefully dealt with 28. __________, you’ll never be able to persuade him. A. No matter how good advice you give B. However good advice do you give C. No matter what good you give advice D. Whatever good advice you give 29. By the time he gets home, his father ______ for Paris on business. A. has left B. will have left C. had left D. will leave 30. ---Oh, it’s nine o’clock! I have to leave for the airport now. ---Don’t worry. As you are our _____ guest, I will give you a ____ for free. A. normal; hand B. old; drive C. regular; lift D. usual; help 31. The policy of the mainland is very clear and straightforward, and the key problem is ____ the leaders of Taiwan will accept it. A. that B. whether C. why D. how 32. ---Why are you so late? ---The bus was _____ for an hour because a tree had fallen across the road. A. held out B. held on C. held back D. held up 33. ---Remember the first time we ______ , John? --- Of cours e, I do. You _____ a song on the stage. A. have met; sang B. met; have sung C. met; were singing D. have met; sang 34. Can you imagine that a smart man like him _____ make such a stupid mistake? A. might B. should C. would D. need 35. ---_________ ---Luckily, his family were safe except for the house. A. Was Tom burned? B. How did it happen? C. Anybody injured or burned? D. It must be terrible.
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第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文、掌握其大意,然后从 36~55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选 出最佳选项、并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

"How did you do it, Dad? How have you 36 to not take a drink for almost 20 years?" It took me almost 20 years to have the___ 37___to even ask my father this very personal question. When Dad first 38 drinking, the whole family was on pins and needles every time he 39 a situation that, in the past, would have 40 him drinking again. For a few years we were afraid to bring it up 41 the drinking would begin again. "I had this little poem that I 42 recite to myself at least four to five times a day," was Dad's reply to my 18-year-old 43 question. "The words were an instant relief and constant 44 to me that things were never so 45 that I could not handle them," Dad said. And then he 46 the poem with me. The poem's simple, yet profound words immediately became part of my daily 47 as well. About a month after this talk with my father, I 48 a gift in the mail from a friend of mine. It was a book of daily affirmations (誓词)with one affirmation 49 for each day of the year. It has been my experience that when you get 50 with days of the year on it, you automatically turn to the 51 that lists your own birthday. I 52 opened the book to November 10 to 53 what words of wisdom this book had in store for me. I did a double-take and tears of 54 and appreciation rolled down my face. There, on my birthday, was the 55 same poem that had helped my father for all these years! It is called the Serenity (安详)Prayer: God, grant me the Serenity to accept the things I cannot change; the Courage to change the things I can; and the Wisdom to know the difference. 36. A. prepared B. promised C. managed D. performed 37. A. courage B. opportunity C. inspiration D. reason 38. A. began B. avoided C. permitted D. quit 39. A. got away with B. got into C. got down to D. got through 40. A. forbade B. started C. attracted D. caused 41. A. for fear B. for sure C. so that D. otherwise 42. A. should B. might C. would D. had to 43. A. unanswered B.unasked C. unexpected D. unwelcome 44. A. prayer B. performer C. inspector D. reminder 45. A. rough B. severe C. tough D. urgent 46. A. created B. explained C. spared D. shared 47. A. schedule B. routine C. habits D. customs 48. A. mistook B. posted C. accepted D. received 49. A. copied B. presented C. listed D. printed 50. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 51. A. date B. page C. matters D. problems 52. A. doubtedly B. eventually C. patiently D. hurriedly 53. A. see B. recite C. repeat D. forecast 54. A. sadness B. loneliness C. disbelief D. belief 55. A. exact B. correct C. almost D. much
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第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A At a recent class in Manhattan's wealthy Upper East Side, yoga instructor Annelise Hagen teaches several facial exerc ises designed to stretch and tone facial muscles. A group of women practice moves including "The Lion," showing the tongue hanging out and eyes rolled up. Hagen encourages class members to hold the position for 60 seconds, joking: "You can do this any time. It really helps you get a seat on the train." Hagen recently released a book, "The Yoga Face: Remove Wrinkles with the Eventual Natural Facelift." She said she developed a workshop using facial yoga because women wanted to look their best, "but they weren't really thinking about how to exercise their facial muscles." She said facial muscles become weak and flabby and need regular exercise and circulation to reduce wrinkles. Besides "The Lion," other exercises include "Satchmo," in which the cheeks are blown out Louis Armstrong-style, and "Marilyn," in which attractive kisses are blown to

strengthen mouth muscles for full and firm lips. "It uses the same principles of exercise you would use for any other parts of your body," Hagen said. "Facial muscles also become more toned, so it is a natural way of getting a lift." Hagen recommends facial yoga for those wanting to find outer and inner beauty, saying, "the emotional aspect is just as important as the physiological." But she does not rule out plastic surgery or Botox. "I don't rule it out for myself. One day I may feel like I need that. But regardless, maintaining elasticity and tone is extremely important, especially if you have had Botox and plastic surgery," she said. While making faces in front of strangers might frighten some, those who attended the class thought it the perfect way to combat busy New York lifestyles. "Working in New York is very stressful," Kathy Healey said. "It's a perfect way to end the week." 56. By saying "You can do this any time. It really helps you get a seat on the train", Hagen means that_________. A. you can easily get a seat on the train by practising "The Lion" B. you should take full advantage of facial yoga in public places C. some passengers may be frightened away D. you’ll be paid attention to by passengers 57. Some women are turning to facial yoga beccause___________. A. they are under a lot of working stress B. they are seeking a different lifestyle C. they can practise it anywhere and any time D. they want to achieve a youthful appearance 58. The underlined “flabby” in Paragraph 3 most probably means___________. A. loose B. tight C. fixed D. painful 59. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Facial yoga cab be used for the other parts of your body. B. Facial yoga can make you feel at ease. C. Facial yoga can sometimes make you embarrassed. D. Facial yoga is very popular with women worldwide. 60. From the passage we can infer that___________. A. plastic surgery or Botox. may promise to reduce wrinkles and worry lines B. Hegen thinks nothing of plastic surgery and Botox. C. Facial yoga will take the place of plastic surgery or Botox sooner or later D. plastic surgery or Botox may be a natural way of facelift
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B It's a case of the grass not being any greener on the other side. Nearly 60 per cent of Australian workers are not happy with their employer, but almost 50 per cent stick it out because they believe there are not many ideal companies around, a survey released today shows. The report by career networking site LinkMe.com.au found that after taking into account working hours, staff morale, industry, wages, image, charity support and career progression, the majority of the 2000 people surveyed believed their company did not quite make the grade. Just over 25 per cent of res pondents claimed their company's record regarding staff morale (心境) was downright awful, 30 per cent said their working hours were too long and inflexible, 59 per cent reported that their offices are shoddy and dull, and 32 per cent said their wages were far too low. "Employers must realise that the Australian workplace is an environment of low unemployment so they need to provide better working environments or risk losing staff," CEO of LinkMe.com.au Campbell Sallabank said. Those that are considered to be respectable and glamorous firms with great working conditions are few and far between. Only 17 per cent said they believe they worked for an ideal company, while 33 per cent said the competition was tough to get into those types of firms. Generally speaking, staff morale (75 per cent), wages (68 per cent) and nearness to home (54 per cent) are the factors considered when determining the ideal companies. "Workers should not hold back from trying to improve their office environment," Mr Sallabank said. "There are all sorts of ways where employees can be successful in obtaining this
[来源:Zxxk.Com] [来源:Z_xx_k.Com]

but if attempts continually fall on deaf ears then voting with your feet is the best way to improve the situation as there are plenty of good employers out there." 61.The sentence “It's a case of the grass not being any greener on the other side.” in the first paragrapg means ___________. A. It becomes more and more difficult to satisfy the workers B. The staff expect their working conditions to be improved C. It’s a right decision to leave one company for another D. It is as difficult to find good companies somewhere else 62. Compared with the other factors, more workers surveyed feel disappointed about_____. A. low wages B. office environment C. working hours D. career progression 63. What can be concluded from the passage? A. Australian workers are taking the risk of losing jobs B. The companies are trying to improve the working environment C. Some companies ignore the advice from their employees D. Many employers do as well as is required 64. From Mr Shallabank we can learn ____________. A. employees are encouraged to change their unwanted situation B. employees had better stayed where they are C. he is worried about the unemployment in Australia D. There are few good companies in Australia now 65. The passage is mainly concerned with________. A. the Australian workplace B. the working environment in Australia C. the career competition in Australia D. the suggestions from Australian staff C In relationships, the little things are the big things. They go a long way toward building trust and unconditional love. Perhaps nothing tests our capacity to initiate change as much as saying "I'm sorry I embarrassed you in front of your friends. That was wrong of me." "Sweetheart, I apologize for cutting you off. I was so rude. Please forgive me." Sometimes apologizing incredibly hard, but the effort says, "Our relationship is very important to me." And that kind of communication builds the Emotional Bank Account. Next to apologizing, one of the most important deposits a person can make is to be loyal to family members when they are not present. In other words, talk about others as if they were there. That doesn't mean you're unaware of their weaknesses. It means, rather, that you focus on the positive -- and that if you do talk about weaknesses, you do it in such a way that you wouldn't be ashamed to have the person overhear it. A friend had an 18-year-old son whose habits annoyed his brothers and sisters. When the boy wasn't there, the family often talked about him. At one point, this friend decided to follow the principle of being loyal to those not present. When such conversations developed, he gently interrupted and said something good that he had observed his son doing. Soon the conversation would shift to more interesting subjects. Our friend said he soon felt that the others began to connect with this principle of family loyalty. They realized that he'd also defend them if they were not present. And in some unexplainable manner -- perhaps because he started seeing his son differently -- this change improved his Emotional Bank Account. 66. The passage mainly talks about _________. A. the effect in the family of giving expressions B. how to avoid the little things turning into big things C. how to communicate with family members D. how to improve the relationships between family members 67. How many suggestions does the author make in the passage? A. Two B. Three C. Four D. Five 68. When you apologize to someone, he or she _________. A. will test your trust and unconditional love B. is sure to be embarrassed C. feels that you value the relationship

D. may find it hard to accept 69. The underlined word “shift” in the fourth paragraph has the closest meaning to _____. A. return B. change C. send D. react 70. What principle should we follow while talking about those not present? A. We should talk more about their strongpoint rather than their shortcoming. B. We shouldn’t mention anything bad that they did. C. We should realize that they may overhear what we are talking about. D. We should express our sympathy and love to them. D A Swiss adventurer flew into the history books Friday by crossing from France to Britain on only a jet-powered wing, describing afterwards how he felt "like a bird" over the English Channel. Yves Rossy, 49, touched down in a field on top of the white cliffs of Dover after completing the 35-kilometre (22-mile) journey over one of the world's busiest shipping lanes. "I have proved it is possible to fly like a bir d," he said with a big grin, adding: "My aim (was) to realize the dream. You have an idea in your head, and to actually achieve it is the most satisfying thing you can do." Asked how he felt, he joked: "It's a mixture of great pleasure and trying to stay concentrated -because I was thinking, the water is pretty cold down there." With the carbon wing strapped to his back, Rossy had leapt out of a small plane at an altitude of 2,500 metres over the French coast before jetting off at speeds of more than 200 kilometres per hour. Against a backdrop of picture-perfect blue skies, he ended his adventure around ten minutes later by cutting his engines and deploying a green and blue parachute(降落伞)at an altitude of some 1,500 metres over the English coast. After landing in a ploughed field, the daredevil was visibly thrilled. "It was great. I feel a lot more calm now than before the flight. It was perfect conditions," he said, after being surrounded by journalists who peppered him with questions. Rossy had never flown for longer than ten minutes and had to check his equipment and weight to perfection since even the addition of a few hundred grammes would have affected his flying ability. His trip was broadcast live by two light aircraft and two helicopters which flew alongside him across the channel. Although it appeared perfect, in fact Rossy did not arrive at the intended landing site -apparently after he tricked his support staff.
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71. The passage is mainly about _____________. A. the experience of flying the English Channel B. flying English Channel in an unusual way C. the story of a Swiss adventurer D. a successful landing on English coast 72. What does the author try to argue in Paragraph 2? A. It is a pleasure to turn your dream into reality. B. Dreams can result in achievements. C. You can fly like him if you have a try. D. You should have your own dream. 73. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The parachute helped Rossy avoid dropping into the water. B. Two light aircraft made it possible for Rossy to complete the journey. C. The adventure was perfect except for the landing. D. Rossy is the first in the world to cross the English Channel on a carbon wing. 74. Rossy didn't land where he was supposed to because__________. A. he didn’t like being questioned by the journalists B. he wanted to play a joke at the last minute C. there was something wrong with the intended landing site D. his equipment and weight affected his flying 75. The passage is most probably taken from ________. A. a newspaper B. a history book C. the Guinness Book of World Records D. a TV guide
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第Ⅱ卷(共 45 分) 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:阅读表达(共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面的短文,请根据短文后的要求答题(请注意问题后的字数要求)
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第Ⅱ卷(共 45 分) 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 45 分)

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第一节:阅读表达(共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面的短文,请根据短文后的要求答题(请注意问题后的字数要求) To many parents, Web sites like My Space and Facebook are a threat, a door open to the outside world that lets strangers into homes. But the benefits of online interaction may far outweigh the risks. A commentary in this month’s Journal of Adolescent Research notes that networking sites provide teens with opportunities to develop social and communication skills and to bridge racial and ethnic divides. These benefits often are overlooked by parents worried that adult predators are hiding online. “We may do adolescents a disservice when we reduce their participation in these spaces, because the educatio nal and psychosocial benefits of this type of communication can far outweigh the potential dangers,'’ writes B randesha Tynes, an educational psychologist at the University of Illinois who authored the commentary. In her a rticle “Internet Safety Gone Wild?,” Dr. Tynes suggests some parents may be going overboard. While teens need to be warned about “digital dangers” like adult predators, parents also need to consider the benefits of spending time in online settings, she argues. These sites provide a chance to increase critical thinking and argumentation skills, she says. Online, kids find support from peers(同龄人), get help with homework and talk about sensitive issues they might be too embarrassed or afraid to discuss face-to-face. Some teens already are aware that online socializing can cause unwelcome advances in cyberspace, she says. Parents should talk to kids about privacy settings and how to deal with unwanted attention online. While online social groups shouldn’t replace real-world socializing, Dr. Tynes claims that parents need to rethink its value. The Internet may sometimes be ___________ to prepare for the adult social world, because they can do it “in the safety” 76.Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? Compared with the potential dangers, however, the benefits from the communication online may be much more important. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 77.Fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words. (within 10 words ) _____________________________________________________________________________ 78.What advice does Dr. Tynes give to parents? (within 20 words) _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 79.What is the main idea of this passage? (within 15 words) _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 80.Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph into Chinese.

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 第二节 写作(共 1 题,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的文字,用英语写一篇 120—150 词的短文。 最近你班组织了一次社区服务活动。作为一名中学生,请你就中学生参加社会实践活 动谈一谈自己的看法。

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ __

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参考答案 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21-25ABCBC 26-30ABDBC 31-35BDCBC 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 36-40 CADBB 41-45 ACBDC 46-50 DBDCA 51-55 BDACA 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 56-60CDABA 61-65DBCAB 66-70DACBA 71-75BADBA 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:阅读表达(共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 76. But the benefits of online interaction may far outweigh the risks. 77. a better/proper/safe way for teens/kids 78. Parents should pay more attention to the benefits from the Internet, which can be of great help to their kids. 79. Teen social networks may be more beneficial than parents think. 80. 在网上,孩子们找到同龄人的支持,获得功课上的帮助和谈论他们可能过于尴尬或害怕 面对面讨论的敏感问题。 One possible version: With the rapid development of society, it is essential for middle school students to get to know the world outside the campus. There are a variety of reasons why we should do that. The primary one is that we can expand our horizons. Nowadays, as students, our knowledge is mostly obtained from books, which is really limited. Only through contact with society will we learn more practical things. Second, it will enable us to prepare ourselves for the future. Finally, knowing the society may awaken in us a high sense of duty and help us make greater achievements some day. There are many ways we can know the society. As a student, I will do some volunteer work for the community or take up a part-time job in my spare time so that I can learn from my experience and prepare for my future.


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