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09届高考英语完形填空与阅读理解训练3


完形填空 I was 15 when I walked into McCauley’s Bookstore in Ashland. As I was looking at 21 on the shelves, man behind the counter, shop owner, asked if I'd like 22 .I needed to start the th

e preparing for college, 23 I said yes. I worked after school and during the summer for the lowest wages,and the job helped pay for my freshman year of 24 . I would work many other jobs: I made coffee in the Students Union during college; I was a hotel maid and 25 made maps for the U.S. Forest Service. But selling books was one of the most 26 . One day a woman asked me for books on cancer. She seemed fearful . I showed her almost everything we had at that time 27 and found other books we could order. She left the store less 28 . I’ve always remembered the 29 I felt in having helped her. Years later,as a 30 in Los Angeles,I heard about an immigrant child who was 31 with his thumb attached, weblike, to the other fingers. His family could not afford a corrective operation, and the boy lived in 32 ,hiding his hand in his pocket. I 33 my boss to let me do the story. After my story was broadcast,a doctor and a nurse called,offering to perform the 34 for free. I visited the boy in the recovery room soon after the operation. The first thing he did was to hold up his 35 hand and say; "Thank you." I felt a sense of 36 . In the past,37 I was at McCauley’s Bookstore, I always sensed I was working for the customers, he store. Today it’s the not 38 . NBC :News pays: my salary, and I 39 as if I work for the viewers, helping them make 40 of the world. 21. A. maps B. titles C. articles D. reports 22. A. a book B. a job C. some tea D. any help 23. A. but B. so C. thought D. because 24. A. life B. education C. family D. college 25. A. so B. yet C. even D. still 26. A. boring B. surprising C. satisfying D. disappointing 27. A. in need B. in all C. in order D. in stock 28. A. worried B. satisfied C. excited D. puzzled 29. A. pride B. failure C. regret D. surprise 30. A. boss B. storeowner C. bookseller D. TV reporter 31. A. forced B. born C. made D. operated 32. A. shame B. honor C. horror D. danger 33. A. hoped B. promised C. persuaded D. suggested 34. A. action B. program C. treatment D. operation 35. A. repaired B. connected C. injured D. improved 36. A. pleasure B. sadness C. interest D. disappointment 37. A. because B. while C. since D. even if 38. A. difference B. same C. usual D. request 39. A. think B. hope C. feel D. believe 40. A. sense B. use C. record D. feeling

Key: 21—25BBBDC 26—30CDAAD 31—35BACDD 阅读理解 (A)

36—40ABBCA

Through a series of experiments an American scientist has gained an understanding of the social structure of the most complex of ant societies.The ants examined are the only creatures other than man to have given up hunting and collecting for a completely agricultural way of life.In their underground nests they planted gardens on soils made from finely cut leaves.This is a complex operation requiring considerable division of labor.The workers of this type of ant can be divided into four groups according to size. Each of the groups performs a particular set of jobs. The making and care of the gardens and the nursing of the young ants are done by the smallest workers.Slightly larger workers are responsible for cutting leaves to make them suitable for use in the gardens and for cleaning the nest.A third group of still larger ants do the construction work and collect fresh leaves from outside the nest.The largest are the soldier ants, responsible for defending the nest. To find out how good the various size — groups are at different tasks, the scientist measured the amount of work done by the ants against the amount of energy they used.He examined first the gathering and carrying of leaves.He selected one of the size groups, and then measured how efficiently these ants could find leaves and run back to the nest. Then he repeated the experiment for each of the other size groups.In this way he could see whether any group could do the job more efficiently than the group nor? mally undertaking it. The intermediate-sized(中等)ants that normally perform this task proved to be the most effi? cient for their energy costs, but when the scientist examined the whole set of jobs performed by each group of ants, it appeared that some sizes of worker ants were not suited to the particular jobs they per? formed. 60.According to the passage, the ants _______ A.grow something in their nests C.cut leaves to make a fire B.go hunting for a living D.do each of the jobs all together

61.It is observed that slightly larger ants perform more of the ________. A.construction tasks C.household tasks B.defensive work D.dangerous work

62.The underlined word "good" probably means________. A.co-operating B.efficient C.hardworking D.responsible

63.The experiments made by the scientist was based on _______. A.special methods C.personal interests Key: 60.A 61.C 62.B B.scientific theories D.systematic observations

63.D (B) A great deal of attention is being paid today to the so called divide--the division of the world into the info (information) rich and the info poor. And that divide does exist today: My wife and I lectured about this looming danger twenty years ago. What was less visible then, however were the new, positive forces that work against the digital divide. These are reasons to be optimistic. There are technological reasons to hope the digital divide will narrow. As the Internet becomes more and more commercialized, it is in the internet of business to universalize access—after all, the more people online, the more potential customers there are. More and more governments, afraid their countries will be left behind, want to spread Internet access. Within the next decade or two, one to two billion people on the planet will be netted together. As a result, I now believe the digital divide will narrow rather than widen in the years ahead, and that is very good news because the Internet may be more powerful tool for combating world poverty that we've ever had. Of course, the use of the Internet isn't the only way to defeat poverty. And the Internet is not the only tool we have. But it has great potential. To take advantage of this tool, some-impoverished countries will have to get over their outdated anti-colonial prejudices with respect to foreign investment. Countries that still think foreign investment is an invasion their sovereignty (主权) might well study the history of infrastructure (the basic structural foundations of a society) in the United States. When the United States built its industrial infrastructure, it didn't have the capital to do so. And that is why America's Second Wave infrastructure—including roads, harbors, highways, ports and so on--were built with foreign investment. The English, the Germans, the Dutch French were investing in Britain's former colony. They finished them. Immigrant Americans built them. Guess who owns them now? The Americans. I believe the same thing would be true in places like Brazil or anywhere else for that matter The more foreign capital you have helping you build your Third Wave infrastructure, which today is an electronic infrastructure, the better off you're going to be. That doesn't mean lying down and becoming fooled, or letting foreign corporations run uncontrolled. But it does mean recognizing how important they can be in building the energy and telecom structures needed to take full advantage of the Internet. 72. Digital divide is something _______.

A. getting worse because of the Internet B. the rich countries are responsible for C. the world must guard against D. considered positive today 73. The writer mentioned the case of the United States to justify the policy of ____________. A. providing financial support overseas B. preventing foreign capital's control C. building industrial infrastructure D. accepting foreign investment 74. It seems that now a country's economy depends much on_______. A. how well-developed it is electronically B. whether it is prejudiced against immigrants C. whether it adopts America's industrial pattern D. how much control it has over foreign corporations 75. The writer implies that Internet is_______. A. not popular with all over the world B. very useful C. criticized by some experts D. used in impoverished Key: 72—75 CDAB (C) Can we walk out a straight line? The question is much more difficult to answer than you think. Believe it or not, your eyes and ears help you to walk! A recent experiment held in Japan shows that it is almost impossible for people to walk exactly straight for 60 metres. Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology found 20 healthy men and asked them to walk as straight as possible to a target 60 metres away at normal speed. Each man had to wear socks soaked with red ink and walk on white paper fixed flat to the floor. The footprints revealed that all walked in a winding rather than a straight line. Researchers found that people readjust the direction of walking at regular intervals. The amount of the meandering differed from subject to subject. This suggests that none of us can walk in a strictly straight line. Rather, we meander, primarily due to a slight structural or functional imbalance of our limbs(四 肢) Our body is actually semicircular, so steps by the left and right leg of a person are different. . As a result, although we may start walking in a straight line, several steps afterwards we have changed direction. Eyesight helps us to correct the direction of walking and leads us to the target. Your ears also help you walk. After turning around a lot with your eyes closed, you can hardly stand still, let

alone walk straight. It’s all because your ears help you balance. Inside your inner ear there is a structure contains liquids. On the sides of the organ are many tiny hair-like structures that move around as the liquid flows. When you spin(旋转)the liquid inside also spins. The difference is that when you stop, the liquid continues to spin for a while. Dizziness(眩晕)is the result of these nerves in your ear. When you open your eyes, although your eyesight tells you to walk in a straight line, your brain will trust your ears more, thus you walk in a curved line, or a spiral! 65.The experiment held in Japan indicates that A.healthy men have a better sense of direction B.none of the participants finished the 60 metres C.the red footbrints left by the participants were difficult to follow D.all the participants walked in a winding rather than a straight line 66.The underlined word“meander”means A.to follow a winding course C.to walk straight . .

B.to move aimlessly

D.to adjust directions .

67.We can hardly stand still after turning around a lot with our eyes closed because A.our limbs have some difficulty in keeping balance B.our central nerves are disturbed C.the liquid inside our inner ear will go on turning after our body stops moving D.our eyes determine if we can stand still 68.The purpose of writing the article is to .

A.point out the importance of noticing everyday science B.give background information about a latest study C.prove that ears and eyes help us to walk D.explain why we can’t walk in strictly straight line Key: 65.D 66.A 67.C 68.D (D) In school and out,many people need to put the information they find in an encyclopedia(百科全书)into words of their own.The student who is writing a

composition,the businessman who is writing a report,and the housewife who is preparing a talk for a woman’s club often need the kind of information they can find in an encyclopedia.But no one wants what he writes to read as if it were copied from an encyclopedia.what you write should read as if it came from you. Even if you have every intention of rewriting the material in your own words,it is unwise to copy information from an encyclopedia word for word.Instead,write brief notes to remind yourself of the facts you wish to express.Later,with the encyclopedia closed,you can expand(拓展)those notes into sentences and paragraphs of your own. The advantage of note—taking over copying is that it forces you to think for yourself at least twice--first when you are reading and second when you are using your notes.It is easy to copy a paragraph without being sure of what it means.But to make a note expressing the meaning of a paragraph in your own words requires you to prove to yourself that you have understood that paragraph.Note-taking also helps you to remember what you have read.It is much easier to remember what you have said in a note than what someone else has said in a book.Eyen if an author’s vocabulary is easily understood,it isn’t the vocabulary you naturally think of. Putting his ideas into your vocabulary makes those ideas yours,and yours are the ideas you best remember. Some people write notes in complete sentences.Others write notes that are phrases of topics.For example,a sentence note on the paragraph above might be “Notes help you remember.”A topical note for the same paragraph might be “Notes as memory helps.”Both of these are four-word notes,and therefore either has a advantage to save time at the moment of note—taking. Remember that the purpose of taking notes is always for some future use,often for some future writing that you will do.Notes that make you think as you write are better than notes that merely help you remember information.The thinking writer is the one who creates something new,something that no one can point to and say, “Oh,I’ve seen that same paragraph in an encyclopedia.” 72.It is much easier to remember if you can take notes. A.your own ideas after reading B.what someone else has said in a book C.the information found in an encyclopedia D.the writer’s vocabulary that can be easily understood 73.We know from the passage that it is wise to . A.copy a paragraph without being sure of what it means B.remember what you have copied from an encyclopedia C.write brief notes to remind yourself of the facts you wish to express D.copy the information from an encyclopedia word for word 74.In this passage,Paragraph 4 mainly tells us . A.how to write a topical note B.how to take notes effectively C.a sentence note can save time D.a topical note can save time 75.According to the writer of this passage,the best way of taking notes is . A.the one that saves the reader’s time B.the one that can be read easily by everyone else

C.the one that can be used for future writing D.the one that’s helpful for the reader’s creative ideas Key: ACAD (E) When it comes to friends, I desire those who will share my happiness, who possess wings of their own and who will fly with me. seek friends whose qualities illuminate 照亮) and train I ( me me up for love.It is for these people that I reserve the glowing hours. When I was in the eighth grade, I had a friend.We were shy and “too serious” about our studies when it was becoming fashionable with our classmates to learn acceptable social behaviors. said little at school, but she would come to my house and we would sit down with We pencils and paper, and one of us would say:“Let’s start with a train whistle today. We would sit ” quietly together and write separate poems or stories that grew out of a train whistle.Then we would read them aloud.At the end of that school year, we, too, were changing into social creatures and the stories and poems stopped. ( Paragraph 3) When I lived for a time in London, I had a friend. was in despair and I was He in despair.But our friendship was based on the idea in each of us that we would be sorry later if we did not explore this great city because we had felt bad at that time.We met every Sunday for five weeks and found many excellent things.We walked until our despairs disappeared and then we parted.We gave London to each other. ( Paragraph 4) For almost four years I have had remarkable friend whose imagination illuminates mine.We write long letters in which we often discover our strangest selves.Each of us appears, sometimes in a funny way, in the other’s dreams.She and I agree that, at certain times, we seem to be parts of the same mind. my most interesting moments, I often think:“Yes, In I must tell….”, though we have never met. It is such comforting companions I wish to keep.One bright hour with their kindness is worth more to me than the lifetime services of a psychologist(心理学家) ,who will only fill up the healing silence necessary to those darkest moments in which I would rather be my own best friend.

46.In the eighth grade, what the author did before developing proper social behavior was to ______. A.become serious about her study B.go to her friend’s house regularly C.learn from her classmates at school D.share poems and stories with her friend 47.In Paragraph 3, “We gave London to each other” probably means ______. A.our exploration of London was a memorable gift to both of us B.we were unwilling to tear ourselves away from London C.our unpleasant feeling about London disappeared D.we parted with each other in London 48.According to Paragraph 4, the author and her friend _______. A.call each other regularly B.have similar personalities C.enjoy writing to each other D.dream of meeting each other 49.In the darkest moments, the author would prefer to ______. A.seek professional help B.be left alone C.stay with her best friend D.break the silence 50.What is the best title for the passage? A.Unforgettable Experiences B.Remarkable Imagination C.Lifelong Friendship D.Noble Companions

Key: 46.D 细节理解,依据文章第二段最后三句 47.A 细节理解,依据文章第三段第三句 48.C 细节理解,依据文章第四段第二句 49.B 细节理解,依据文章最后一句 50.D 推断归纳,根据选项含义先排除 A 和 B 项,C 项中 lifelong 与文章内容不符 (F) Tattoos(纹身)and body piercings(穿洞)have moved up on the trend list in recent years.Around Western schools lots of teens are sporting new holes and flesh ink.Like all other subjects, we’ll surely be faced with such situation.To get a better view of what has happened in the West, let’s sit down and hear what they say. Kerstin Otto from Washington: The hotter it gets and the more layers of clothing disappear, the more tattoos and piercings appear on various places of the human body.I wouldn’t be caught dead with a snake tattooed on my ankle or with a piece of metal stuck in my belly button. Erin from Indiana: I think body piercing is cool.In most situations, you don’t really have to worry about it getting torn out.I go to Noblesville High School.I am a sophomore (that is the 10th grade) .Body piercing can be cool, only if it is not taken to too much of an extent.I would not want to get my nose pierced, just because I think I’ll look bad. that is my personal opinion. But I guess that type of thing is a cultural difference. Tiara from Indiana: I personally think body piercing is sickening.If there were supposed to be holes in your body, you would have been born with them.I do, however, think that ear piercing is not wrong.There is a difference between ear piercing and belly button piercing.Ear piercing is not nearly as dangerous.I would be sick if someone stuck a needle in my belly button. Lee from Illinois:

Hi! I live in Illinois.I am 23.I have 12 tattoos and three piercings.I love my tattoos and consider myself an art collector.You would be surprised at who has given me the thumbs-up on my art work.People on the street stop me to look at that on my leg.Most of them don’t know what it is.They just think the work itself is great. Subotai from California: I’m not prohibitive(禁止)of self-expression, but when I see high school students getting these piercings, I really wonder.In some cases, the drive is deeper and darker than mere fashion. friend of mine tried piercing her own tongue with a safety pin. got infected and she A It had a tongue the size of a cow’s. Nagib from Washington: I wanted an earring.My friends had them and it looked like a cool thing.I wanted to get a nose ring, but my mom wouldn’t let me.Now I’m glad I didn’t get it.I just wanted a little stud, but I wouldn’t have looked good with it. Jackson from Ohio: I don’t think it’s wrong, but when people do it all over the place like their face and everything —I think that’s ridiculous.People who get the big dragons that cover your whole body—I don’t think that’s necessary.When I see naked chicks on guys, I think, “You have no respect for women.” Brittney from New York: You don’t want to do stuff to your body.You don’t need to do that because you were made perfect.You don’t need to add piercings.If it will make you feel beautiful and you really feel like you need to do it for yourself, then okay.If it really makes a big difference impacting your self-esteem and how you are towards others, then do it. otherwise, don’t mess with what you But got.Maybe you should try something more substantial(充实的)to find beauty in yourself. 43.Who is wholeheartedly lost in tattoos and piercing? A.Tiara. B.Erin. C.Nagib. D.Lee.

44.Who doesn’t think tattoos and piercing are beautiful? A.Jackson. B.Brittney. C.Tiara. D.Nagib.

45.We can conclude that ________. A.tattoos and piercing are a new kind of elegant art B.all the teachers in the West are in favor of tattoos and pie cing C.everything is changeable with time going on D.it is necessary to live with all different views of beauty 46.The best title for this passage is probably “________”. A.Body Art or Damage B.Damage to the Youth’s Body C.Young People’s Different Curiosities D.A Great Anxiety About Young People Key: DCD A (G) Each year her husband sent her valentine roses, tied with pretty bows. The note would always say, "I love you even more than last year on this day. " The year he died, the roses were delivered to her door as usual. The card said, "Be my valentine. My love for you will always grow with every passing year. " She thought this was the last time that the roses would appear. She guessed he ordered roses in advance before this day. Her loving husband did not know that he would pass away. He always liked to do things ahead. Then, if he got too busy, everything would work out fine. She trimmed the stems, placed them in a very special vase, and then sat the vase beside the portrait of his smiling face. She would sit for hours, in her husband's favorite chair, staring at his picture and the roses. A year went by, and it was hard to live without him. Then, on Valentine’s day, the doorbell rang, and there were roses, sitting by her door. She brought the roses in, and then just looked at them in shock. Later she called the florist shop(花店) asked them to explain why valentine roses were sent to her. The owner answered, "I know your husband passed away more than a year ago. The flowers you received today were paid for in advance. Your husband always planned ahead, Here is a standing order(长期有效的订单) here. As he has paid in advance, you will get them every year. He also wrote a special little card for you… He did this years ago. He said , ‘If you find out that I’m no longer here, the card should be sent to my wife the following year.’" She thanked him and hung up the phone, her tears running down her face. Her fingers shaking, she slowly reached to get the card. Inside the card, she saw that he had written her a

note. Then, as she stared in total silence, this is what he wrote: "Hello my love, I know it's been a year since passed away, I hope it is not too hard for you to overcome.” "I know it must be lonely, and the pain is very real. The love we shared made everything so beautiful in life. I loved you more than words I can say. You were my friend and lover, you fulfilled my every need. I know it's only been a year, but please try not to grieve. I want you to be happy, even when you shed your tears. That is why the roses will be sent to you for years. " "When you get these roses, think of all the happiness that we had together, and how both of us were blessed. I have always loved you and I know I always will. But, my love, you must go on, you have some living still. " "Please. . . try to find happiness, while living out your days. I know it is not easy, but I hope you find some ways. The roses will come every year, and they will only stop when your door's not answered, when the florist stops to knock. " "He will come five times that day, in case you have gone out. But after his last visit, he will know without doubt to take the roses to the place, where I've instructed him, and place the rose where we are together once again. " 6. Why did the woman look at the roses in shock? A. She didn’t like the roses at all. B. She had never expected to receive them again. C. They remind her of painful experiences. D. She thought her husband had come to life. 7. By ordering roses in advance the husband hoped . A. to remind his wife of his last care B. his wife would be always thankful to him C. to encourage his wife to begin a new life D. his wife would live as happy as before 8. It is probable that before he died the husband . A. had earned a lot of money B. felt he might die at any time C. had paid for the vase D. loved roses very much 9. It can be inferred from the passage that the couple . A. were kind and thoughtful B. were the florist’s friends C. had no children at all D. used to live a happy life Key: 6 B 7. D 8. B 9. D 任务型阅读 注意:每个空格填 1 个单词。

We always believe life will be better after we get married, have a baby, then another then still another.Then we think the kids aren’t old enough and we’ll be more content when they are.After that we think we have teenagers to deal with.We will certainly be happy when they are out of that stage. We always tell ourselves our life will be complete when we get a nice car, and are able to go on a nice vacation when we retire.The truth is there’s no better time than right now.If not now, when? Our life will always be filled with challenges. best to admit this to ourselves and It’s try to be happy from now on. One of my favorite quotes(引语) comes from Alfred Souza.He said, “For a long time it seemed to me real life was about to begin.But there were always some difficulties in the way, something to be got through first, some unfinished business, time still to be served, a debt to be paid.Then life would begin.At last it was clear to me that these difficulties were my life.” This view has helped me to see that there is no way to happiness. Happiness is the way. So treasure every moment that you have. And remember time waits for no one.So stop waiting until you finish school; until you get married; until you have kids; until you retire; until you get a new car; until spring. Happiness is a journey, not a destination.So, work like you don’t need money, love like you’ve never been hurt.And dance like no one’s watching. Try to do what you like and enjoy what you can enjoy at present or you will feel regretful when you are too old to do anything. Title Theme Our(51) feeling Happiness Happiness is journey We can live a (52) every important event. We can feel happier after we (53) great dream. every life after we experience

The true situation

We can’t find anytime better than now. Our life is always full of (54) There will always be (55) Difficulties themselves are (56) . in our life. .

The (57)

No way(58) Happiness ifself is the way.

to happiness.

The performance

right

Don’t wait until you have gone through every important stage and reached every great aim. (59) every moment in our life. you are.

Do what you like and be (60)

Key: 51.wrong 55.difficulties

52.better/happier 56.life

53.realize/reach/accomplish

54.challenges

57.conclusions 58.leads 59.Value/Treasure 60.what


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