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牛津译林高一英语必修二Unit 3 Amazing people Word Power


Step1 Brainstorming and lead-in

Do you know their jobs?

basketball

player

teacher

singer

dancer

photographer

r />
driver

gardener

barber

manager
A manager is a person who is in charge of a company. We usually have general manager and deputy manager.

painter

artist

An artist is a person who produces works of art, especially painting or drawings.

carpenter 木匠

sailor

inventor

doctor

sculptor

雕塑家

professor
A professor is a senior teacher who teaches in a college or university.

dentist

A dentist is a person whose job is filling, cleaning and taking out teeth ,and fitting artificial teeth.

pianist

typist

袁隆平

specialist

专家

electrician

电工

An electrician is a person whose job is to install, operate, repair electrical equipment.

composer musician

A musician is a person who performs or writes music.

librarian

A librarian is a person who is in charge of or works in a library.

astronaut 宇航员

An astronaut is a person who travels in a spacecraft.

vet 兽医

veterinarian /? v?t?r??n ??r? ?n/

accountant
An accountant is a person whose job is to keep and check financial accounts.

policeman

policewoman

actor actress

Male

Female

? ? ? ? ?

waiter host actor prince hero

waitress hostess actress princess heroine ['her???n]

Supplement(补充)

cooker or cook?

Cook uses cooker to cook.

judge judger? judge
or

playwright or playwrighter? playwright

A person who writes plays(戏剧)

Shakespeare

Let’s guess!

Let’s guess!

What is suffix used for?
Suffix: a letter or a group of letters added at the end of a word to make another word

Word formation

Shortly(简言之): a word +suffix=a new word

Step2 Some rules of word formations
Suffixes Examples +er +or verb +ant teach act assist More words composer, thinker, player, writer

teacher

sailor, editor, inventor, actor governor servant, dependant/dependent assistant 受扶养者,靠他人生活 者 student resident 居民 住户 tourist

+ent +ist

study type

typist

Suffixes +ist n. +ian +er +ist adj. +ian

Examples art music artist

More words

journalist, novelist
historian, technician

musician photograph banker,farmer, photographer gardener special specialist socialist dentist

politician electric electrician magician

photographer dancer the arts musician

salesman/saleswoman

jobs
business education

accountant

manager

professor

teacher

librarian

Do you know any other jobs?

Summary and expansion
1) Word Formation ? 派生法:英语单词大多是由词根(root)、词头 (前缀prefix )和词尾(后缀suffix) ? 合成法 ? 转换法

Examples and explanations
(派生法,合成法,转化法) ◎ When he reached the place with his army, he found an impassable river in front of him. (词的派生-词根上加前缀或后缀 ) Impossible to travel/pass through ◎ It’s true that lighthouse were built in out-of-the-way place. (合成词-单词合成在一起而构成 ) 偏僻的 ◎ When men and women lived by hunting 50,000 years ago, how could they even begin to picture modern life? (词性变化-转化法) imagine

2) 中学英语中常见的前缀和后缀有:

super- (超) mini- (极小的, 微小的) micro-(极微小的) re- (再,反复) mis-(误,恶) im-(不) un-(不,非) in-(不,非) non-(不,非) -able(能…的 ) -less(不,无) -wards (向) en- /-en (使…,)

Some more prefixes and suffixes

1. 前缀 1) anti-反对 antisocial 反社会的 antiwar 反战的 antimissile反导弹的 2) auto-自己的 autonomy自治 autobiography 自传 3) bi-双 biannual 一年两次的 bilingual 用两种语言的 4) by-在旁 bystander旁观者 byproduct 副产品 5) co-共同 cooperation 合作 coworker 同事 coexistence 共处 6) de-否定;除去 demilitarize 非军事化decamp(撤营) decode(解码)deforest(砍伐森 devaluation(贬值) 7) dis-否定 discover 发现 disorder 混乱 discoloured脱 色 8) en-使成为 encourage 鼓励 enable使能够 enrich 使丰富 9) fore-先;前;预 foretaste 先尝 foresee 预见 10) for-禁;弃 forgo放弃 forbid 禁止 forget忘记

11) inter-互相;间 internet 互联网 international 国际的 interview 会见 12) mid-中 midday中午 midnight 半夜 mid-autumn 中 秋的 13) mis-误 misunderstand 误会 misuse 误用,滥用 misfortune 不幸 14) non-不;非 nonexistent 不存在的 nonsense 胡言 non-moral非道德范围内的 15) re-重;复 rewrite 重写 retell 复述 review 复习 16) super- 超 supermarket 超级商场 supernatural超自 然的 17) tele-远 telephone 电话 television 电视 telescope 望远镜 18)un-不 unable 不能的 unimportant 不重要的 untrue 不真实的

2. 后缀 1) -al 状态 arrival 到达 renewal 更新 revival 复兴 2) -age 状态;集合 marriage 婚姻shortage 短缺 village 村庄 3)-an 人 African 非洲人 American美国人 Italian 意大 利人 4) -er 人 worker 工人 teacher 教师 writer 作家 5)-ful 充满 peaceful和平的 careful小心的 handful一 大把 6) -hood 身份;状态 childhood童年 livelihood 生计 neighborhood邻里 7) -ian 人 musician 音乐家Christian基督教徒 guardian 护卫者 8) -ment运动;结果 movement运动 development发展 judgement 判断

9) -ly的;品质 friendly友好的comradely同志般的 weekly 每周的 10) -ness 状态;性质 kindness和善carefulness小心 correctness 正确 11) -ship身份;状态 friendship友谊 hardship苦难 comradeship同志般友谊 12)-sion 状态 revision 修订 tension紧张状态 division 区分 13) -less无 fearless 无所畏惧的 useless无用的 careless不小心的 14)-tion状态 action 行动 attention注意 determination 决心 15)-ity (抽象名词) ability 能力 equality平等 possibility 可能性

3) consolidation ◎1 Can you guess the right meanings? superman (超人) nonnatural (非自然的) homeless (无家可归的) rebuild (重建) microwave enslave (微波) (使成为奴隶,奴役) mispronounce lengthen (发错音) (使变长) nonsmoker unconditional (非烟民) (无条件的) eastwards (向东)

Post-learning activities
Discussion What kind of job would you like to have? Why? Sample:
I’d like to be a librarian because I love reading books. It’s usually very quiet and peaceful in the library, where there are a variety of books on different subjects.

Qualities of being a good teacher, an accountant…


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