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Unit 13 There are a lot of trees in the park. a lot of apples a lot of water a lot of juice a lot of lemons a lot of melons

a lot of +可数名词复数/不可数名词 some +可数名词复数/不可数名词

How many apples are there How many apples are there on the tree? on the tree now? twenty apples There are thirteenapples tree. on the tree now.

概念 结构

There be 句型表示 “存在…”“有”，其中be动 词有时态和单复数变化。 There be+主语（人或物

名词

）+地点

Look at my room and my things.

on

in

under

beside

There is a mouse behind the box.

There is a mouse in front of the box.

There be +名词+in/under/on/beside/in front of/behind…?

Word Box

名词（n.）tree flower cat bird desk table litter bin path park 形容词（adj.）beautiful 介词（prep.） in on under near/beside/next to in front of behind There be 句型 a lot of/much/many some

? ? ? ? ? ?

This is Zhongshan Park. There are a lot of trees in the park. There are some beautiful flowers under the trees. There are some birds in the trees. There isn’t any litter in the park. There is a litter tin beside the path.

介词的用法

Practice 1 ? 介词后+a(n)/a./b./c./d. +名词 a. the

b. 形容词性物主代词(my, your, his, her, its, our, their) c. 指示代词（this, that，these, those） d. 人名’s e.g. in a bag in the bag in our school in this room in Mary’s garden 自己举例说明

看名词

单数is 复数are 不可数的 用is

1.There is a superman in the sky. 2. There are two women in the room. 3. There is some water in the glass.

看名词

There _____ a doll in the toy box. A. is B. are

There _____ some bread on the plate. A. is B. are

There _____ a lot of green trees in the Park. A. is B. are

There is a cat under the tree.

There are two dogs under the tree.

There is a cat and two dogs under the tree.

There are two dogs and a cat under the tree.

there 是个近视眼。

There _____ a desk and fifty-five chairs in the classroom. A. are B. is

There _____ fifty-five chairs and a desk in the classroom. A. are B. is

就近原则

在此添加文本

只要看到be动词后面的 词是复数名词，就用are， 否则就用is。 当然还要注意时态哦！

There _____ some water in the bottle. A. is B. are C. have D. be

There is ______. A. a pencil B. two books C. five apples D. a water

There _____ a pencil-case and many pencils in Tom’s schoolbag.

A. is C. have

B. are D. be

There are a lot of _____ in the fridge.

A. meat C. eggs

B. chicken D. milk

There be--- 的一般疑问句

? There is a radio on the desk. Is there a radio on the desk ?

Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.

? There are some shoes under the bed. Are there any shoes under the bed? Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.

? 规则： is/are要提前, some 变any,其他都不变．

There be--- 的否定句

? There is a radio on the desk. There isn’t a radio on the desk. ? There are some shoes under the bed. There aren’t any shoes under the bed.

? 否定句规则： is/are后加not, some 变any

There be 口诀

? There is表单数。There are 后面跟复数。 ? There is…There are…都表示“某处有某物.” ? “There isn’t…” “There aren’t…”否定表示“某处无某物.” ? “Is there…?” 一般疑问句。 ? 肯定回答：“ Yes, there is.” 否定回答：“ No, there isn’t.” ? “Are there..?”一般疑问句。 ? 肯定回答：“Yes, there are.” 否定回答： “No, there aren’t. ”

There be 表示“某处存在某物或某人”此时不强调 物归谁有。 例：There is a box on the desk.桌子上有一个盒子。 have(has) 表示“某人拥有某物(某人）“，此时强 调所有、拥有关系。

There be 和have(has)都表示“有”的含 义。

例：We have two basketballs。我们有两个篮球。 （强调篮球为我们拥有）

用be动词is / are 填空：

1、There

is

a pencil in the pencil box.

2、There

3、There 4、There the wall.

are

are

some flowers on the desk.

four people in my family. a picture and two maps on

is

5、A:

Is

there a cat under the tree?

B: Yes,there

is

A 1. There _____ a clock on the table. A. is B. are B 2. ______ there a radio on your desk? A. are B. is C 3. ____ there a map on the wall? Yes, there ______. A. are / is B. is / are C. is / is D. are /are A 4. There _____ some students in the classroom. A. are B. is A 5. There _____ a pencil, a book and two pens on the table. A.is B. are

B 6. There ___ two apples, one orange and one banana on the table. A. is B. are 7. Are there ___ pictures on the wall? No, there aren't ___ . A A. any / any B. some / any C. some / some D. any/some B 8. There isn't a book in his hand. There is _____ book in his hand. A. no B. not A 9. There is a tree ____ the playground. A. at B. near C 10. -- Are there _____ shops near here? -- No, there are _____ shops near here. A. some, not B. some, any C. any, not D. any, no

教室里有很多桌子和凳子。 There are some desks and chairs in the classroom. 书架上有很多书。 There are some books on the shelf. 椅子下有个足球。 There is a football under the chair. 树上有两个风筝和一只鸟。 There are two kites and a bird on the tree. There is a bird and two kites on the tree. 房子附近有三棵树。 There are three trees near the house.

1. There is a mouse in the room. (改写为一般疑问句，并作肯定否定回答) Is there a mouse in the room? Yes, there is. / No, there is not. 2. There is a fish in the bowl. (改写成否定句) There is not a fish in the bowl. 3. There are some dolphins in the ocean. (改写为一般疑问句) Are there any dolphins in the ocean? 4. There are some books in his bag. (改写为否定句) There are not any books in his bag.

Homework

翻译

? 在桌子上有3支钢笔。 ? There are three pens on the table. ? 在树上有一些苹果。 ? There are some apples on the tree. ? 在椅子上有一只兔子。 ? There is a rabbit on the chair. ? 在铅笔盒里有一块橡皮。 ? There is an eraser in the pencil-box.

变 否 定 句 和 疑 问 句 ， 并 做 回 答 。

? There are three pens on the table. ? There are not three pens on the table. ? Are there three pens on the table? Yes,there are.No,there aren’t. ? There are some apples on the tree. ? There are not any apples on the tree. ? Are there any apples on the tree? Yes,there are.No,there aren’t. ? There is an eraser in the pencil-box. ? There is not an eraser in the pencil-box. ? Is There an eraser in the pencil-box? Yes,there is.No,there isn’t.

Thank you.

Unit 14 Are there any cows on the grass?

1. 一般疑问句 ? Are there…? ? Yes, there are. ? No, there aren’t. ? Is there…? ? Yes, there is. ? No, there isn’t. 2. some→any 3. 介词on on the farm on the grass on Monday on Christmas afternoon on October 1 on New Year’s Day

words

n. 名词 farm grass house river garden cow sheep duck

I have a farm. Some beautiful flowers are on the grass. We have a beautiful house. There is a river near my house. There is a beautiful garden beside my house.

The cows are eating grass.

There are three sheep on the grass. This is a duck.

There is a mouse behind the box.

There is a mouse in front of the box.

? This is Mickey’s Farm. ? Are there any cows on the grass? No, there aren’t. There’re some sheep. ? Mickey has a house on the farm. There’s a river in front of the house. ? Is there a garden behind the house? Yes, there is.

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