01 Which animal is "man's best friend"? We all know it's the dog. Dogs have earned the love and respect of humans. Many have given their own lives to save people. Dogs are f
aithful and devoted. For example, Bobby, a Skye terrier, went to market with his Scottish master every day. After the man died, Bobby would not move from his grave. He stayed there for about 10 years. He stayed ________________. Dogs serve many useful functions. They are good at watching and herding sheep. Wherever sheep are raised, a sheep-herding dog is developed. For instance, there is the German Shepherd dog. In Scotland, there is the Shetland sheep dog. Both are recognized breeds. Specially trained dogs lead the blind. Such dogs are carefully selected. It takes about three to five months to train them. Guide dogs will refuse to cross a busy street unless the traffic has stopped. One interesting dog is the St. Bernard. How did it get its name? It was developed by the monks of the St. Bernard Monastery. This is located in the Alps of Switzerland. The dog weighs from 140 to 220 pounds. It's one of the heaviest of all dogs. St. Bernards are famous for rescuing travelers lost in the snow. They have a wonderful sense of smell. They find people buried under several feet of snow. A St. Bernard named Barry rescued 40 persons. This was over a period of years. There is a popular misconception about these dogs. They do not carry flasks around their necks. Sir Edwin Landseer misrepresented them this way in a painting. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words) _______________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Dogs have so many characters that people like them and regard them as their friends. _____________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the first paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words. ) _________________________________________________________ 4. Dogs are man's best friends. Please give us some reasons why people like it. _______________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________ Key: 1. The faithful dog. 2. Dogs have earned the love and respect of humans. 3. until he died. 4. Dogs have many useful functions. They can protect your houses and they are faithful and devoted. 5. 除非交通停止，导盲犬会拒绝过繁忙的街道。 02 Malls are popular places for Americans to go. Some people spend so much time at malls that they are called "mall rats". Mall rats shop until they drop in the hundreds of stores. People like malls for many reasons. They feel safe because malls have police stations. Parking is usually free, and the weather inside is always fine. The newest malls have beautiful rest places with waterfalls and large green trees. The largest mall in the United States is the Mall of America in Minnesota. It covers 4.2 million square feet. It has 350 stores, eight nightclubs, and a large park! There are parking spaces for 12.750 cars. About 750,000 people
shop there every week. The first indoor mall in the United States was built in 1965 in Edina Minnesota. People love doing all their shopping in one place. More malls are built around the country. Now malls are like town centers where people ____________________. They shop, of course, they also eat in food courts (广场) that have food from all over the world. They see films at theaters. Some people even get their exercise by doing the new sport of "mall walking". Others go to malls to meet friends. In some malls, people can see a doctor and even go to the church. In other words, people can do just about everything in malls. Now people can live in their favorite shopping center in fact. 1. Why do people like malls? (Please answer within 10 words) ______________________________________________________ 2. What does ―mall‖ mean here? _____________________________________________________________ 3. Except shopping, what else can people do in the mall? (Please answer within 30 words) ________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 4. Please fill in the blank in the fourth paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words) _____________________________________________________________________ 5. What is the best title of this Passage? _____________________________________________________________________ Key: 1. Because they feel safe and comfortable there. 2. A shopping center. 3. They can eat food, see films, do exercises, meet friends, see doctor and even go to the church. 4. Come to do many things. 5. The Malls in America. 03 Here is a statistic(数据) that will surprise you. More young people are killed each year by sleepy drivers than by drunk drivers. This proves one thing. Getting enough sleep can be a big problem. How are we dealing with the problem? Sleep clinics are popping up all over the United States. They are always working to find out more about sleep. Driving when tired can be very dangerous. During the daytime, over half of drivers report feeling sleepy at some point. At night, over 80 percent of drivers sometimes get drowsy. And here is the most frightening of all. Almost one-quarter of all drivers have fallen asleep at the wheel. What is going on here? One thing is that people are not getting enough sleep. One person out of three gets by on less than six hours a night. _______________________. Others fall asleep easily, but then wake up time after time. Few people get enough of the deep sleep they need to feel really rested. Here are some facts to remember. Believe it or not, people need seven to nine hours of nighttime sleep to remain healthy. During that sleep, a person's immune system is built up. This helps fight off diseases and infections. And taking a nap in the daytime does not really help. It will make a person feel refreshed. But it cannot make up for the lack of nighttime sleep. What if you are a person with real sleeping problems? What if you have tried all the home remedies like hot milk? You might consider going to a sleep clinic. Many such clinics look for volunteers. They will study your sleep problems, and you will not have to pay anything. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words)
_________________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? If you have sleep problems, you can turn to a place where they could help you but charge nothing. ____________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words) _________________________________________________________________________ 4. If one of your friends have sleep problems, what suggestions do you make to him? (Within 30 words) ______________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the fourth paragraph into Chinese? ___________________________________________________________________ Key: 1. Nighttime Sleep 2. They will study your sleep problems and you will not have to pay anything. 3. Many people have trouble falling asleep. 4. Do more exercise and go to bed on time. Don‘t stay up late. 5. 在这段睡觉的时间段内，一个人的免疫系统就建立起来了。 04 Good sleep is needed for good health. During sleep, your body repairs itself. Your immune system is built up. Don't shortchange yourself of the sleep you need. Here are some of an expert's tips for getting a good night's sleep. 1. Make sure your room is dark. Pull down the shades. Let no light of any kind in. 2. Before you go to sleep, ask your family not to turn on a light. Light breaks the sleep rhythm. Once broken, it's hard to get the sleep clock running right. As a result, you will not sleep well. You will wake up tired. 3. A hot bath just before bed is good. It makes you relax. You are at peace. This starts the desire for sleep. 4. During the day, get some exercise. Even a mild program will show good results. How about a good long walk? This will get your body to work. You will find that toward evening you will get that nice, tired feeling. _________________________. Added to this, exercise is good for your health. 5. Here is what to do when you get up. Open the shades or blinds. Let the sun in. Open the windows. Let the fresh air in. This sun and air get imprinted on your brain. The rhythm of being awake gets started. Your body clock is set for the day. That clock will let you know when it is the right time to go to sleep. 1. What's the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words) _________________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one. You shouldn't cheat yourself when you have sleep problems. ____________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the paragraph with the proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words) ___________________________________________________________________________ 4. Which other suggestions do you know? Write it or them down and say something about it. (Please answer within 30 words) _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. _________________________________________________________________________
Key: 1. Getting a good night‘s sleep 2. Don‘t shortchange yourself of the sleep you need. 3. Sleep then will come easily 4. Drinking hot milk can help us sleeping well. Before sleeping half an hour, drinking hot milk makes us sleep quickly. 5. 打开窗帘，让阳光进来。
05 Happy birthday! Do birthdays really make people happy? Of course they do. Birthdays celebrate the day we were born. Besides, that extra candle on the cake suggests ______________ - or so we hope. We all like to imagine that we're getting wiser and not just older. Most of us enjoy seeing the miracle (奇迹) of growth in others, as well. For instance, seeing our children develop and learn new things makes us feel proud. For Americans, like people in most cultures, growing up is a wonderful process (过程). But growing old? That's a different story. Growing old is not exactly pleasant for people in youth-oriented American culture. Most Americans like to look young, act young and feel young. As the old saying goes, "You're as young as you feel. "Older people joke about how many years young they are, rather than how many years old. People in some countries value the aged as a source of experience and wisdom. But Americans seem to favor those that are young, or at least "young at heart." Many older Americans find the "golden years" to be anything but golden. Economically, "senior citizens often struggle just to get by. Retirement (退休) at age 65 brings a sharp decrease in personal income. Social security (安全) benefits usually cannot make up the difference. Older people may suffer from poor nutrition (营 养), medical care and housing. Some even experience age discrimination. In 1987, American sociologist Pat Moore dressed up like an older person and wandered city streets. She was often treated rudely-even cheated and robbed. However, dressed as a young person, she received much more respect. Unfortunately, the elderly population in America is increasing fast. Why? People are living longer. Fewer babies are being born. And middle-aged "baby boomers" are rapidly entering the groups of the elderly. America may soon be a place where wrinkles (皱纹) are "in". Marketing experts are already noticing this growing group of consumers. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words. ) ________________________________________________________________ 2. From the last paragraph what the underlined word "in" can be replaced by? (Please answer within 10 words) ________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the first paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words. ) ___________________________________________________________________ 4. Why do we say that growing up is a wonderful thing? (Please answer within 20 words. ) ________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ Key:
1. Do birthday really make people happy? 2. growing fast 3. another year of growth and maturity (成熟) 4. Because people can become more and mature and wiser when they are growing old. 5. 不幸的是美国的人口老龄化在急剧增长，为什么？人们活的比以前年龄长了，出生的孩子少了，中等年 龄的人们已经很快进入老龄化。 06 In bringing up children, every parent watches eagerly the child's acquisition (学会) of each new skill - the first spoken words, the first independent steps, or the beginning of reading and writing. It is common that parents hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate, but this can set up dangerous feelings of failure and states of worry in the child. This might happen at any stage. A baby might be forced to use a toilet too early, and a young child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he reads. On the other hand, though, ___________________________, or without any learning opportunities, he loses his natural enthusiasm (热情)for life and his desire to find out new things for himself. Parents vary greatly in their degree of strictness towards their children. Some may be especially strict in money matters; others are severe over time of coming home at night or punctuality (准时) for meals. In general, the controls imposed (强加的) represent the needs of the parents and the values of the community (社区) as much as the child's own happiness. As regards the development of moral standards in the growing child, consistency is very important in parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality. Also, parents should realize that "example is better than precept". If they are not sincere and do not practise what they preach (说教), their children may grow confused, and emotionally insecure when they grow old enough to think for themselves, and realize they have been to some extent fooled. A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parents' principles and their morals can be a dangerous disappointment. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words. ) _______________________________________________________________________ 2. What should our parents do when children are learning new skills? (Please answer within 30 words. ) ______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the first paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words. ) ____________________________________________________________________ 4. What's the underlined word "precept" in Paragraph 3 probably mean? (within 5 words. ) _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________________ Key: 1. How to teach your children 2. We should achieve a balance between punishing them too hard and leaving them on their own. 3. if a child is left alone too much 4. instruction / saying 5. 父母在自己的行为准则和道德方面所表现出来的不同对孩子来说是十分失望的。
07 A young college student, who was admitted to a wrong specialty of an undesirable college, abandoned himself to playing truant and was given to drinking instead of studying. Thus he was becoming more and more depressed. But he was never absent from Prof. Yang‘s biology lessons. He liked the course. Besides, Yang‘s class was so vivid and interesting that he was always attentive to it. Once he enclosed a note in the homework he handed in, saying, ―Professor, it is said that today‘s college students are cheaper than potatoes. Do you agree?‖ That day Prof. Yang sent for him after class. When he came he found the professor at the table on which were four dishes and one soup. They drank heartily over the dishes. When they became half drunk, the professor produced a small bluish potato, which was sprouting (发芽) and said to the young man, ―Do you know how much it costs? It‘s skinny and lacks flesh. Moreover, it is poisonous. Nobody will take it even if it‘s given free of charge.‖ He threw it to the dustbin. __________________________, which must weigh more than 500g. ―This potato cultivated with amazing fertilizer is not only large and fresh but also free of pollution. It costs 12-odd yuan (RMB) per kilogram.‖ The young man was struck dumb by what he had heard. The professor put the big potato into his hand and said, ―Be such a potato. Don‘t forget there are potatoes and potatoes.‖ 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why did the professor show him the two potatoes? (Please answer within 20 words.) __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank with proper words or phrases. (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________________________ 4. Suppose you were the student, what should you do in the future? (Please answer within 10 words.) ________________________________________________________________________ 5. Please translate the underlined sentence in the passage into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 1. Potatoes are different. / There are potatoes and potatoes. 解析：根据文章的整体内容以及最后一段，即故事带给读者的启发可以得出正确答案。 2. Prof. Yang wanted to tell him there are differences even between potatoes, let alone college students. 解析：根据整篇故事，可以看出，教授之所以拿出两个土豆，是想让这个学生明白即使土豆也有好有坏， 目的是让他不要对自己灰心。 3. The professor then showed him another potato. 解析：根据故事发展的情节判断。 4. I would study hard and equip myself with knowledge. 解析：本题为开放性试题，考查考生的主观想法。答案可以是多样的，但观点尽可能是积极的。 5. 由于被录取到一所不满意的大学，专业也不对口，一位年轻的大学生整日沉迷于旷课酗酒中，没有心思 学习。 解析：be given to doing something 在这儿应该翻译成―整日沉迷于……‖。 08 Two pieces of foreign news caught people‘s attention. In the US, 18-year-old Michael Sessions won the mayoral（市长的）election in his town, to become the youngest mayor in the US. A similar thing happened in Britain. Martin Halstead, a high school graduate at 19, set up his own airline company.
Chinese teens admire their skills in getting such important posts. But have you ever thought that you could have the same success? Burdened with heavy school work, many high school students in China are told to lock themselves in their studies and forget about other things. But actually this is not wise. Everyone is different and there is no need to follow the life paths of our ancestors（祖先）. Sessions had dreamt of being a politician since he was a child. Halstead is crazy about airplanes and took every chance to learn about them. So why not think outside the box, as these boys did? Consider your interests when planning your own path through life. Doing this can be more exciting and makes it easier to succeed. Interest is our best teacher. But dreaming is not enough. A good education is a stepping-stone to a successful career. It helps broaden your horizons so you understand more about yourself and therefore perform better. That‘s the reason Sessions chose while taking charge of his town. Success still takes work. Without hard work, a dream is just like a cloud in the air that you never can reach. 1．What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words) 2．Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Many high school students in China need to study hard in order to finish their homework, so they have no time to think about their hobbies. _______________________________________________________________________ 3．Please fill in the blank in the seventh paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words) 4． How can you make your own life wonderful just as Sessions and Halstead did?(Please answer within 30 words)
5．Translate the underlined sentence in the seventh paragraph into Chinese. 1．Think More about Your Life Path （平分要求：依据与文章整体内容的相关程度酌情给分，关键词 Think Your Life Path。应该大写的字母而 没有大写，4 个扣 1 分。 ） 2．Burdened with heavy school work, many high school students in China are told to lock themselves in their studies and forget about other things. 3．to continue/go on with his studies in college （平分要求：要求给出的答案要保持与上下文的连贯性，而且与参考答案的意思相近。 ） 4． shouldn‘t just follow what we have been told, but plan our future and do some ground work to make it come We true. This makes out life wonderful. （平分要求：只要能清楚地说明所采取的方式且无语言错误可得 3 分；能清楚地说明方式但有语言错误可 得 2 分） 5．良好教育有助于你开阔眼界，使你更好地了解你自己因此你会更好地展示自己。 （平分要求：要求在全面、准确的基础上翻译成较为通顺的汉语，并表达出作者的思路。 ） 09 Do you want to work with people or animals or machines or tools? Do you want to work indoors or outdoors, directly serve people in need or serve people behind the scenes? These are the typical questions that a volunteer
service agency would ask. Every year, thousands and thousands of people in the west offer volunteer services. Volunteering greatly strengthens the community partly because it helps the old, the young, the weak, the sick, the disabled and the injured to overcome difficulties. Volunteers usually help in many different ways. The may give people advice, offer friendship to the young, drive the elderly to church, counsel kids against drugs. Work as an assistant in a school or nursing home, raise funds, plant trees, help out in local libraries and do many other things. Volunteering can be a few hours a week or a few hours a month, time during the day, evenings or weekends, either part time or full time. Anybody can become a volunteer. The art of volunteering is a process of both giving and receiving. Volunteering allows volunteers to meet new people and make new friends and mix with people from all walks of life. Volunteering is an excellent way to experiment, practice and try out new techniques and skills. It is much more effective to practice a skill than to read about it or study it in a classroom. Volunteering is a great way to develop good teamwork skills, discover your individual talents and explore career choices. Being a volunteer takes individuals on a wonderful journey and helps them learn many important things beyond their school learning. 1．What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) 2．Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Volunteer service can provide chances for volunteers to make acquaintance of all kinds of people. 3． Please fill in the blank in the fourth paragraph with proper words, phrases or sentence to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) 4．What kind of volunteer jobs would you like to take ? why? (Please answer within 30 words.) 5．Translate the underlined sentence in the fifth paragraph into Chinese. 1．Volunteer Service in the West 2．Volunteering allow volunteers to meet new people and make new friends and mix with people from all walks life. 3．who is willing / likes to serve people in need 4．I like to help out in local libraries, because I like books very much. I‘ll arrange them in a good order so that readers can easily find what they want 5.从事志愿者工作可以引导人走向一条理想的人生之路，学会从课堂中学不到的重要东西。 10 How to protect child Web fans from unsuitable material online while encouraging them to use the Internet has long been discussed . For some parents , the Internet seems like a jungle , filled with dangers for their children . But jungles contain wonders as well as dangers . With good guides and some education , the madness for the Internet can be safely conducted . ―Kids have to be online . If we tell our kids they can‘t have access to the Internet , we are cutting them off from their future .‖ Most kids have started to use search engines . Many of them are great for finding tons of interesting Internet sites , but they can also locate places where you might not want your kids to go . There are search engines designed just for kids . One certain software contains only sites that have been selected as safe .The most popular way to limit access would be to use what is known as a ―content screener‖. But this can be wholly reliable , and
the best thing parents can do is to talk to their kids and let them know what is OK or not OK to see or do on the Internet . Another way is that Mum or Dad is nearby when the child is surfing the Internet . A few other tips : Don‘t put the PC in a child‘s room but where Mum or Dad can keep an eye on things . That also makes the Internet more of a family activity . Ask your child what he or she has been doing and about any friends they make online . Tell your child not to give online strangers personal information , especially like address and phone number . And tell your child never to talk to people he or she meets online over the phone , send them anything , accept anything from them or agree to meet with them unless you go along . 1．What is the best title of the passage ? (Please answer within 10 words ) 2．Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one ? We must allow children to be online or their future will be affected . 3．Please fill in the blank in Paragraph five with proper words or phrases to completed the sentence . (Please answer within 10 words ) 4．Which of the suggestions do you think is the best one ? Why ? (Please answer within 30 words) 5．Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese . 1．Protect children from dangers online 2. If we tell our kids they can‘t have access to the Internet, we are cutting them off from their future . 3．keep it in the place/ area 4. The last one . Because the world on the Internet is different from the true world . We must learn to protect ourselves . 5. 人们一直在讨论在鼓励孩子们使用互联网的同时，如何保护上网成痴的孩子们不受网上不良内容的影 响。 11 Fear and its companion pain are two of the most useful things that men and animals possess, if they are properly used. If fire did not hurt when it burnt, children would play it until their hands were burnt away. Similarly, if pain existed but fear did not, a child would burn itself again and again, because fear would not warn it to keep away from the fire that had burn it before. A really fearless soldier-and some do exist-is not a good solider because he is soon killed; and a dead soldier is of no use to his army. Fear and pain are therefore two guards without which men and animals might die out. In our first sentence we suggested that fear ought to be properly used. If, for example, you never go out of your house because of the danger of being knocked down and killed in the street by a car, you are letting fear rule you too much. Even in your house you are not absolutely safe: an airplane may crash on your house, or ants may eat away some of the beams in your roof so that the latter falls on you, or you may get cancer! The important thing is not to let fear rule you, but instead to use fear as your servant and guide. Fear will warn you of dangers; then you have to decide what action to take. In many cases, you can take quick and successful action to avoid the danger. For example, you see a car coming straight towards you; fear warns you, you jump out of the way, and all is well. In some cases, however, you decide that ____ to avoid the danger. For example, you cannot prevent an airplane crashing onto your house. In this case, fear has given you its warning; you have examined it and decided on your course, of action, so fear of this particular danger is no longer of any use to you , and you have to try to overcome it . 1．What is the best title of the passage ? (Please answer within 10 words.)
2．Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one ? In fact , danger is not always occurring outside . 3．Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence . (Please answer within 10 words.) 4．What do you think is the best way to deal with fear ? (Please answer within 20 words.)
5．Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese . _____________________________________________________________________ 1. Fear/How to deal with fear/Tips or Suggestions on (how to deal with )fear/ How to use fear etc . 2. Even in your house you are not absolutely safe . 3. There is nothing that you can do /you can do nothing /nothing can be done/there is no way/we have no way etc . 4. The best way is not to let fear rule you , but instead to use fear as your servant and guide . 5. 真正无畏的战士（确实存在）并不是好战士。因为他很快就会死亡，而死去的士兵对军 队来说是无 用的。 12 Today, due to numerous medical and scientific advances, people are living longer than ever before. But _____________ your body, mind, and soul. The following tips are a good start for getting you on your way to living a long and healthy life. Eat a balanced diet -- one that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fiber and low in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol. A well-balanced diet can provide your body with the essential nutrients needed to achieve and maintain optimum (最佳的) health. Be physically active -- try to incorporate 30 minutes of activity into your day, every day. The options are endless; start walking on' the beach in the mornings, try jogging with a friend, or go for a bike ride in the afternoons. Make sure you choose activities that you enjoy, that way you'll be more likely to make them a habit. Get regular preventive check-ups --see your doctor regularly; remember your doctor is your partner in health care. By having regular check-ups, you may be able to catch small problems before they become big ones. Be safe -- use common sense and be streetsmart (适应都市生活的). Don't put yourself in situations that are questionable. Always wear your seatbelt and bike helmet. Don't go for a run, walk, or jog at night by yourself. Keep your home well lit and free of things that could make you fall. Stay in touch with family and friends -- get to know your neighbors. Take the time to be involved with your community. By creating a strong social network, you will not only have friends to celebrate with when good things happen, but also a support system in difficult times. Keep a positive attitude -- studies have shown that people who have a positive attitude tend to live longer, and lead healthier and happier lives. Try to find the humor in life. And remember to laugh. 1. What would be the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) _________________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? There should be enough light in your house and there isn't anything that could make you fall. __________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the first paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.)
_________________________________________________________________ 4. What should you pay attention to when doing activities? What should you do to keep a positive attitude? (Please answer within 30 words.) ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the sixth paragraph into Chinese. __________________________________________________________________ Key: 1. Tips for Healthy Aging. 2. Keep your home well lit and free of things that could make you fall. 3. you have to be good to 4. Don't be alone; do the activities you enjoy and make them a habit. You should try to find the humor in life. And remember to laugh. 5. 建立牢固的社会人际网，不仅在有好事时有人和你一起庆祝, 而且在困难时有人支持你。 13 Ever felt like destroying the car in front of you when you're struck in an endless traffic jam? Well, the Spanish company StopStress is offering customers the possibility of doing just that but under controlled, safe circumstances. Customers can also destroy computers, mobile phones and TV sets in what the company calls "destruction therapy (治疗). "We target the machines that cause the most stress in modern life," company co-founder Jorge Arribas said in a telephone interview. "People get rid of stress by screaming and beating the machines until they are tired out," he explained. The company, based in the northern Spanish city of Soria, uses abandoned cars that still work. Heavy-metal music is used to excite the customers. They are given protective suits and glasses, helmets and hug hammers. Most people's anger only lasts for S to 10 minutes. But some go on for hours: they beat cars on which they've put the names of people or ideas they would like to get rid of. "Some even get together to turn the car over," Arribas says. A session costs 60 euros (US$80) per person. Arribas says the idea came to him when be was having trouble parking his car. Dozens of people have used the therapy, which helps people become aware of their stress level and helps them to slow down, Arribas explained. "It's better to channel violence in a controlled way than to let it out on one's husband or wife or in a traffic jam," he added. StopStress already has branches in three Spanish cities, and is planning to extend its market beyond Spain's borders. 1. What would be the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) ______________________________________________________ 2. What caused Arribas to have the idea of setting up the company StopStress? ____________________________________________________________________ 3. Which part in the passage can be replaced by the following one? People shouted aloud while striking the machines and then they would be worn out and their stress was gone. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 4. What do you think of the way referred to in the passage to get rid of stress? Do you have other better ways of getting rid of stress? (Please answer within 30 words.) ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________________
Key: 1. An unusual way to get rid of stress 2. He had the idea when he had trouble parking his car. 3. People get rid of stress by screaming and beating the machines until they are tired out. 4. The answers may vary. 5. 把暴力有控制地进行疏导远甚于让它发泄在丈夫、妻子或塞车的时候。 14 If you want to start jogging, it is an excellent idea to start with a friend, who not only helps to keep you motivated, but also makes Jogging a lot safer, especially at night. Always make sure you wear something bright so that you are easily seen especially if you intend to go jogging near roads. Wear the correct footwear -- do not wear trainers (运动鞋) which have not enough support, or which are really old, therefore offering little or no protection. Select a route which you can safely jog around for at least 20 minutes. It is a good idea if there are lampposts or something similar, to help you be able to split the route up into parts of approximately 2-3 lampposts in length. The idea is to walk for one part and slowly jog the next. Initially you might find that you can only jog 3 parts throughout your whole route, but by slowly increasing the number of jogging parts over the next few weeks, you will find the jogging parts become easier. Use the same route for the first four weeks so that you can visibly see the improvement. Before you know it you will both be jogging around your whole route. Take a water bottle with you and drink small sips of water the whole way around your circuit. Make sure you always carry out an enough warm-up before you start to jog, and a cool down during your last 10-15 minutes of exercise. Most importantly listen to your body. If you do not feel like exercising ______________, DON'T. Take your time and gradually build up your task, improvement will come with the enjoyment! 1. What is the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Remember to take up an enough warm up at the beginning of a jog and relax yourself about a quarter of exercise in the end. 3. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) 4. Which of the tips do you think is the best for you? Why? (Please answer within 30 words.) 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. Key: 1. Top tips for jogging 2. Make sure you always carry out an enough warm up before you start to jog, and a cool down during your last 10-15 minutes of exercise. 3. because you are very tired 4. First one (Always make sure you wear something bright so that you are easily seen especially if you intend to go jogging near roads. ) Because safety comes the first all the time. 5. 如果你想开始慢跑锻炼，邀请一位朋友一起开始是个不错的主意。他不仅能帮助你一直坚持这项活动， 而且会让你们的慢跑活动更安全，尤其是在夜晚。 15 Could your little animal lover be a future vet (兽医)? Or maybe a child fond of outer space will grow up to be an astronaut. Whether your child's interest becomes a career or remains a much-loved hobby, having something he is passionate about is a valuable gift. Here, some ways to encourage your child's passions:
Expose your child to a variety of activities. It's hard to be passionate about something you don't know exists, so introduce your child to a wide range of activities and experiences. Attending concerts, sporting events, an fairs, and museums is a good way to introduce your child to a range of pursuits. Provide materials that relate to a subject she's passionate about. A telescope will certainly delight a child who's interested in space and stars. But all gifts don't have to be so pricey. Plenty of paints and paper for a budding artist, a racket for a tennis nut, and books on any topic that interests your child can all help further her exploration. Share his interests. Showing interest in your child's art projects and attending his musical performances will help support his hobbies. Consider planning family outings that revolve around his current obsession. For example, a child interested in all aquatic things would likely love a visit to the local aquarium. You may find that your child's interests differ greatly from yours. If that's the case, be sure to respect his preference. You might even discover a hobby you never knew you'd like! Encourage questions. Kids, by nature, are curious. And while it can be tiresome to constantly answer their questions, it' s important to their development. If you don' t know the answer to a question, take the time to find out --with your child's help. Don't push too hard. You should take your child's interests seriously and try to nurture her talents, but don't take the fun out of the activity by putting pressure on her. Be sure to give your child enough free time to explore her current interest and _______________________. 1. What would be the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) ________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Kids have strong desires to know about everything naturally. ________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) ____________________________________________________________________ 4. Which of the suggestions do you think is the best for you? Why? (Please answer within 30 words.) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________________ 1. Several Ways to Encourage Your Child's Passions 2. Kids, by nature, are curious 3. future ones that may develop 4. Share his interests. Because I may find that my child's interests differ greatly from mine and I might even discover a hobby I never knew I 'd like! 5. 无论你孩子的兴趣将来变成一种职业还是仍旧是一个爱好，他对某些事物的酷爱本身就是宝贵的才能。 16 One thing Britain is famous for is pubs, and no trip to the UK would be complete without a visit to one of the thousands of pubs across the country. Pubs play an important part in the social structure of the country. They are places where all ages and social classes mix to talk, do business, or just spend a couple of quiet hours before heading home in the evening. There are many different types of beer available in pubs. Traditional British beer is called bitter, or ale, and is usually served at room temperature. As a result, the British are famous for their ?warm beer‘! If you prefer a cold beer, ask for lager. This beer is a light yellow in colour whereas bitter is usually a darker brown. All beers are served as pints (500 ml) or halves (250ml). To order, you need to ask for a pint or half, and then name the beer. So,
you could say ― .‖ Wine, red or white, is normally available in all pubs, as are spirits such as whisky, gin or vodka. It is not, however, necessary to drink alcohol. Non-alcoholic drinks are called soft drinks. You can have juice, lemonade or cola, among others. If you visit a pub in a group, it is important to pay for your ?round‘. This means that you buy a drink for everyone in your group. Not buying your round is a big social mistake! Remember that you need to order and pay for your drinks at the bar. So, follow these tips if you want to get the most out of visiting a pub, and, ―cheers!‖ 1. What is the best title of the passage? ? (Please answer within 10 words.) 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? If you don‘t buy a drink for everyone in your group, you are socially wrong. 3. Please fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) ______________________________________________________________________ 4. If you are in a pub, what would you like to drink? Why? (Please answer within 30 words.) ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. _________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 答案与解析: 1. Pubs in the UK 2. Not buying your round is a big social mistake. 3. A pint of bitter, please. (A half of lager, please.) 解析: 根据前一句 To order, you need to ask for a pint or half, and then name the beer 不难填写。 4. I prefer soft drinks because soft drinks will do good to my health. （可以自由发挥，只要合情合理就行） 5.酒吧是各个年龄、不同阶层的人聚在一起，谈天说地，洽谈贸易的地方，或者干脆只在晚上回家前来此 安静地呆上几个小时。 16 Reading to oneself is a modern activity which was almost unknown to the learned in the early days of the history, while during the fifteenth century the term ―reading‖ undoubtedly meant reading aloud. Only during the nineteenth century did silent reading become popular. One should be careful, however, of supposing that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud is distraction to others. Examination of reasons connected with the historical development of silent reading shows that it became the usual mode of reading for most adult reading tasks mainly because the tasks themselves changed in character. The last century saw a gradual increase in literacy (读写能力) and thus in the number of readers. As readers increased, the number of listeners dropped, and thus there was some reduction in the need to read aloud. As reading for the benefit of listeners grew less common, so came the popularity of reading as a private activity in such public places as libraries, trains and offices, where reading aloud would disturb other readers in a way. Towards the end of the century there was still heated argument over whether books should be used for information or treated respectfully, and over whether the reading of material such as newspapers was in some way mentally weakening. Indeed this argument remains with us still in education. However, whatever its advantages,
the old shared literacy culture had gone and was replaced by the printed mass media on the one hand and by books and magazines for a specialized readership _________. By the end of the century students were being advised to have some new ideas of books and to use skills in reading them which were not proper, if not impossible, for the oral reader. The social, cultural, and technological developments in the century had greatly changed what the term ―reading‖ referred to. 1. What is the writer of this passage attempting to do? (Please answer within 10 words) ___________________________________________________________________________ 2. Find out the sentence in the passage which can replace the following one. It shouldn’t be generally considered that it was the disturbance to others that led to the popularity of silent reading. ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please translate the underlined sentence in the passage into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________________________ 4. Please fill in the blank with proper words and phrases. (Please answer within 10 words) ___________________________________________________________________________ 5. What did the development of silent reading during the nineteenth century show? (Please answer within 10 words) 1.To explain how present reading habits developed. 解析：本题属于主旨概括题，作者的目的在于解释现在的阅读习惯是如何形成的。 2. One should be careful, however, of supposing that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud is distraction to others. 解析：所给句子的意思是人们不能草率的认为是因为朗读会影响别人才致使默读的普及。本句意思符合文 中上述句子之意。 3. 人们对于与默读的历史发展相关的原因进行了研究，发现默读之所以成为大多数成年人通常采用的模 式，主要是因为阅读任务本身的特征发生了变化。 解析：该句的主语较长，有定语即过去分词短语 connected with the historical development of silent reading 修 饰，翻译时应放在主语 examination of reasons 之前。 4. on the other / on the other hand 解析：根据上文中的 on the one hand 可以判断该句讲述了问题的两个方面。 5. It showed a change in the nature of reading. 解析：根据文章内容可以看出，在 19 世纪默读的发展表明了阅读的本质的变化。 17 Joe Templer should have known better. After all, he works for a large auto insurance company. It won't hurt to leave the key in the truck this once, he thought, as he filled his gas tank at a self service gas station. But moments later, as he was paying the money, he saw the truck being driven away. In 1987, 1.6 million motor vehicles were stolen in the United States one every 20 seconds. If ________________, experts predict annual vehicle thefts could exceed two million by the end of the decade. Vehicle theft is a common phenomenon, which has a direct impact on over four million victims a year. The cost is astonishing. Many police officials blame professional thieves for the high volume of the thefts. It is a major money maker for organized crime. Typically, stolen cars are taken to pieces and the parts sold to individuals. But as many as 200,000 cars are smuggled out of the country every year. Most go to Latin America, the Middle East and Europe. Only about 15 percent car thefts result in an arrest, because few police departments routinely conduct in depth auto investigations. When thieves are arrested, judges will often sentence them to probation, not
immediately put them in prison because the prisons are overcrowded with violent criminals. One exception is a Michigan program that assigns 92 police officers to work full time on the state's 65,000 car theft cases a year. Since 1986, when the effort began, the state's auto theft rate has fallen from second in the nation to ninth. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) ___________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why do you think Joe Templer should be blamed according to the writer? (Please answer within 10 words.) ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank with proper words or phrases. (Please answer within 10 words.) ___________________________________________________________________________ 4. Put the underlined sentence in the passage into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ 5. What suggestions would you give the car owners to prevent the car theft? (Please answer within 20 words.) ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 1. Car theft in America / Car theft in the United States 解析：该题属于主旨概括题。本篇文章讲述的就是美国的汽车被盗情况。 2. Because he should not have been so sure of himself. / He should have known the situation of car theft. 解析： 该题属于封闭性问题， 考查学生根据文章细节进行推测的能力。 根据第一段作者的描述可以推测 Joe Templer 丢了汽车应该怪他自己太大意了。 3. current trends continue / this situation goes on 解析：根据上下文的逻辑关系判断，专家们进行预测是建立在这种情形如果持续下去的假设之上的。 4. 窃贼被捕后，法官们只能判他们缓刑而不能立刻把他们关进监狱，因为监狱里因为有很多的凶残的罪犯 而过度拥挤。 解析： 原文中没有给出 probation 一词的汉语意思， 但是可以结合下文中的 not immediately put them in prison 推测该词应该是―缓刑‖之意。 5. The car owners can install theft-proof or warning system on the car. 该题是开放性试题，考生只要能够给出符合问题要求的答案即可得分。 18 Many people have described television as a passive activity that is harmful to children's education. However, there are good and bad ways to watch television. Parents who are interested in exploiting television as a learning tool can actually turn time in front of TV into an educational chance. Probably the most familiar educational way to use television is to simply watch educational programs. In particular, this means selecting channels and programs specially designed for educational purposes. Along with traditional educational shows for children on public broadcasting channels, cable television now offers kids and adults a wide variety of educational programs, with everything from nature shows to historical events in different countries. Captioning (字幕), such as" closed captioning" for hearing disabled viewers provides another way for parents to exploit the educational possibilities of television. One study showed that children who watched captioned TV got great improvement in their vocabulary and oral reading ability. In addition, parents can make any show a learning class by watching television together with children. By actively joining children in the programs that they are watching, parents can help with the development of such skills as predicting and summarizing. In order to develop predicting skills, parents and children could first refer to a program's description in a viewing guide. After reading the program description and guessing what might happen in the program,
parents and children could watch together to see which predictions were correct. And to practice summarizing, after watching a program, parents can turn off the TV and ask what the story was about. This kind of activity helps children develop thinking skills such as arranging events in an order and memorizing information. Although there will still be plenty of times when children watch TV simply for passive enjoyment, parents can help make at least part of their children's viewing time a more productive activity. Used intelligently by exploiting the learning chances available through various programs, television can play an instructive role in children's education. (330 words) 1. What's the general idea of this passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) ____________________________________________________________________________ 2. Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. Fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper words. (Please answer within 10 words. ) ________________________________________________________________________ 4. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Not every minute when a child watches television must be educational, but parents can lead child to a good way. __________________________________________________________________________ 5. What would you do if you were a parent and your child wanted to watch TV? (Please answer within 30 words. ) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 1. How can parents use television as a teaching tool? 2. 除了公共广播频道上传统的少儿教育节目外， 现在有线电视为孩子们和大人们提供了范围广泛的教育节 目，涉及了从不同国家的自然到历史事件的所有范围。 3. In order to develop predicting skills 4. Although there will still be plenty of times when children watch TV simply for passive enjoyment, parents can help make at least part of their children‘s viewing time a more productive activity. 5. To help child with the development of predicting and summarizing to improve his abilities. To use television as a teaching tool intelligently.
19 After a three-year survey of the social and behavioral sciences, a committee of the NRC has concluded that these sciences are losing out in the race for federal science funds. Between 1972 and 1978, federal support for the social and behavioral sciences fell 25 percent, while support for other areas of science rose 36 percent. Psychological, social and cultural studies pertaining to (与……有关的) virtually everything that people treat as a problem in our civilization, the committee writes, play a large role. Paradoxically one would think these would be times when social science research would be riding high. Yet even though governments are more than alarmed about a variety of social problems they are inclined to deal with them by trial and (often) error. The abuse of drugs is a widespread concern, but governments seem to with the qualifications of teachers and their salaries. If we lack an adequate understanding of drug abuse and educational processes, are we flying blind attempting to deal with these behaviors? What domains of your life could benefit from social and behavioral science research? For instance, are we concerned about crime? Consider that recent sociological research reveals that nearly half of all urban dwelling American males can expect to be arrested for some non traffic offense during their lives. However, a very small group of career predators (掠夺者) are responsible for a grossly disproportionate share of all crimes committed. What does this insight suggest to you about American criminal Justice and prison policies?
Sociological work also shows that most criminals halt their careers by age 25 to 30. Does this finding have policy implication? If __________________ whose criminal career is nearly over is imprisoned for ten years, may many years of that imprisonment be wasted on expensive and unnecessary confinement? 1. Why do you think the social and behavioral sciences are losing federal financial support? (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________________________ 2. Translate the underlined sentence in the passage into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. What does the writer mainly talk about in the third paragraph? (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________________________ 4. Fill in the blank with proper words or phrases. (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________________________ 5. What attitude do you think the writer of the passage hold towards the problem of social sciences? (Please answer within 20 words.) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 1. Because people don't quite see the use for these sciences. 解析：根据文章整体可以得出正确答案。 2. 如果我们不能够充分了解吸毒及教育问题形成的原因， 那我们在解决这些方面的问题时是否就会盲目行 事？ 解析：flying blind attempting to 在这儿应该翻译成为―盲目行事‖。 3. The demand for social and behavioral studies. 解析：作者在第三段主要讲述了社会对于 social and behavioral studies 的需求。 4. a 29-year-old burglar 解析：根据社会学的研究成果，青年人犯罪一般会在 25 到 30 岁停止，那么如果一位 29 岁的、犯罪年龄 阶段即将结束的抢劫犯在狱中再被关上十年，是不是意味着多年的监禁是一种浪费？ 5. He is dissatisfied with the present situation. 解析：根据作者在文中的语气和引用的事例，可以判断作者对于目前这种状况是不满意的。
20 Electronic devices（装置）are changing the way people listen to music. But studies show the devices may be causing hearing loss in many people. Some experts say people may be playing them too loud and for too long. And experts say sound levels on these devices need to be set lower. Researchers did a study with three hundred high school students and one thousand adults. They were asked about their use of portable music devices. Forty percent of students and adults said they set the sound levels at high on their players. But students were two times more likely to play the music at a very loud volume（音 量）.More than half of the students said they would probably not limit their listening time. The study found that more than half of the students and less than forty percent of the adults had at least one kind of hearing loss. Some reported difficulty hearing parts of a discussion between two people. Others said they had to raise volume controls on a television or radio to hear it better. And, some experienced ringing in their ears or other noises. Hearing experts say part of the problem is the listening equipment people are using. They say large earphones that cover the whole ear are probably safer than the smaller earbuds（耳塞）that come with most music players. Hearing loss may not be obvious for years, however, once it happens, there is few chance of curing. About thirty million Americans have some hearing loss. One third of them lost their hearing as a result of loud noises.
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association is working with companies and government officials on setting rules for use of portable music devices. The group says the best way to protect your hearing is to ,limit listening time and use earphones that block out foreign noises. 1. What is the best title of the passage?（Please answer within 10 words.） 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Compared to adults, teenagers are more likely to turn up their players.
3. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence.（Please answer within 10 words.） 4. What trouble will happen to person if he suffers some hearing loss?（Please give at least two examples mentioned it the passage, each within 15 words.） 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the fourth paragraph into Chinese. 1. Hearing loss caused by electronic devices. Electronic devices may cause hearing loss. （评分要求：根据文章内容和与参考答案的意思相近的程度酌情给分。只写出类似―Hearing Loss‖等过于笼 统答案的，不得分。 ） 2. But students were two times more likely to play the music at a very loud volume. （评分要求：要求准确找出以上的句子，并完整无误的抄写在题目要求的位置。 ） 3. reduce the volume/turn down the player （评分要求：要求给出的答案能保持与上下文的连贯性，而且与参考答案的意思相近。凡是能明确表达―调 低音量‖之含义，且表述无误者，都得分） 4. 1. Failing to hear parts of a discussion between two people. 2. Having to raise volume while watching TV. 3. Ringing in their ears or other noises. （评分要求：根据文章内容和与参考答案的意思相近的程度酌情给分。能列举出三条问题中的两条即可， 要注意对原文句子的修改，字数超出者扣 1 分，与答案不同，但意思和表达无误者，都得分。只要说出一 条者，得 1 分。 ） 80. 听力损伤也许多年都不被察觉（表现不明显） ，但它一旦发生，就几乎没有治愈的可能。 （评分要求：要求在准确、全面的基础上，翻译成较为通顺的汉语，并表达出作者的思路。 ） 21 A big red barn is probably one of the first thing most Americans would think of if you asked them to imagine a farm. And not a modern metal ham．but a building made of wood like the ones in the old days． A ham is where farmers keep animals and equipment．Over time．as fewer and fewer people worked the land．more and more hams were tom down to make way for developers．Others that remained might have fallen into poor condition．Or perhaps they just no longer satisfy the needs of a modem farmer．Keeping an old barn in good condition might not be seen as worth the cost if it does not serve much purpose．But Americans with historic hams are, being urged to save them．
The magazine Successful Fanning and the National Trust for Historic Preservation are working together on a program called Barn Again! The National Trust is a nonprofit organization that works to protect places of historic importance in America． The Barn Again program advises hundreds of barn owners every year. Awards are given for the projects that best succeed at restoring a ham for continued farm use． Winning buildings are used to demonstrate 展示） （ methods of preservation． The organization suggests how problems with things like stone and concrete block foundations can be fixed．With many old hams．the foundation they are built on is falling apart．Barn Again also offers advice for other repairs．like how to replace siding and how to use a power washer to remove loose paint．And fanners are given suggestions about how to calculate costs． Leo Fitzpatrick of Beaverton，Michigan．won the 2004 Barn．Again Award．He made one improvement at a time．The work took more than nine years．He did it himself．even though for a while he held another job in addition to farming．He says it cost him fourteen thousand dollars，much less than a new barn of similar size． The improvements included strengthening the barn．There are no structural supports inside the building； instead．its sides hold it up. Today the barn holds fourteen thousand bundles of hay． Leo Fitzpatrick says the barn is a lot stronger than when it was new．His grandfather built it in1914. And Mister Fitzpatrick says his farm would not be the same without it． 1. What is the best title of the passage?（Please answer within 10 words） ___________________________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following sentence? Bam owners who make the best repairs on old hams and keep them in use can get a prize． ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please find a proper word in the text to fill in the blanks． （Write just one word for each blank） The red barns are at high risk of disappearing，because some have been ____________down, others are in terrible __________________.Worse still．the farmers are unwilling to do repairs on them．believing they do not serve much___________________． 4. What is Barn Again?（Please answer within 30 words） ________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the undetermined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese． ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Saving／Protecting/Preserving Historic Barns 2. Awards are given for the projects that best succeed at restoring a barn for continued farm use. 3. tom/pulled; condition slate；purpose 4. The Barn Again is a program which offers awards advice on improving the remaining barns, aiming at preserving the existing historic barns. 5. 如果你让美国人想象一个场，大部分道先想到的东西之一就是红色的谷仓。
22 The world‘s first subway was built in London in 1863. At the time, the government was looking for a way to reduce traffic problems in the city of London. The poor areas of the city were so crowded with people that it was almost impossible for horse carriages (the taxis of those days ) to get around . The city officials were interested in
trying to make it possible for workers to live outside of London and travel easily to work each day . If people had a cheap and convenient way that they could depend on to get to and from work, they would relocate their homes outside of the city. This would help ease the pressure of too many people living in the poor parts of London. From these problems, the idea of the London Underground, the first subway system, was born . The plans for building the Underground met with several problems and delays, but the first track was finally opened in January 1863. A steam train pulled the cars along the first underground track which was six kilometers (3.7 miles ) long. About 30,000 people got on the subway the first day . Riders were treated to comfortable seats (standing up while the train was moving was not al- lowed ) and pleasant decorations inside each of the cars. However, the smoke from the engine soon filled the air in the tunnels with ash and soot, as well as chemical gases. Fans had to be put in the tunnels later to keep the air clean enough for people to breathe. Even with its problems, riding the Underground did become popular. It carried nine million riders in its first year. Modern subways have come a long way since the early days of the London Underground. Today there are 94 large underground rapid transit systems around the world. The busiest of these subway systems is the Tokyo Metro which opened in 1927. This efficient subway has two billion riders per year, and ―pushers ‖ work on the platforms during busy traffic hours to help push riders onto trains. At times, subway cars have been packed with up to 300 people! Shopping malls built in high traffic stations where riders move from one train to another have also helped the popularity of subways in Tokyo. Stations like the famous Ginza Sugo Eki Ginza Consolidated Station include underground department store, supermarkets, restaurants, and specialty shops. Shoppers never have to go above ground! 1. What is the best title for this passage?(Please answer within 10 words) ___________________________________________________________________________2. What doesn't "Shoppers never have to go above ground!"mean? (Please answer within 10 words) ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. What problems led the British government to build the London Underground? (Please answer within 10 words) ___________________________________________________________________________ 4. Which sentence can be replaced by the following? Although there were such problems, people loved to take subways. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5.Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese. __________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 1. Subway then and now 2. Shopper can buy what they want in underground malls. 3. Overcrowding and traffic jams 4. Even with its problems, riding the Underground did become popular. 5. 如果人们有了一个能够用来上下班、又便宜、又方便的方式，他们就愿意在城市外面重新安家了。 23 Almost everyone likes dogs, and almost everyone likes to read stories about dogs. Here is a story about dogs. I have a friend who has a large police dog named Jack. Police dogs are often very intelligent(聪明的). Every Sunday afternoon my friend takes Jack for a long walk in the park. Jack likes these long walks in the park very much. One Sunday afternoon a young man came to visit my friend. He stayed a long time. He talked and talked. Soon it was time for my friend to take Jack for his walk. But the visitor still stayed. Jack became very worried about his walk in the park. He walked around the room several times and then directly in front of the visitor and looked at him. But the visitor paid no attention. He continued talking. Finally Jack could stand it no longer. He
went out of the room and came back a few minutes later. He sat down again in front of the visitor but this time he held the visitor‘s hat in his mouth. 1. What‘s the best title(标题)of the passage? 2. Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese. 3. Please complete the sentence in the third paragraph with proper words or phrases. 4. By holding the visitor‘s hat in his mouth, the dog wanted to say. 5. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? At last Jack couldn‘t bear it any longer. 1. （A Story About）a Police Dog Jack 2. 我有位朋友，他有一条大警犬叫杰克。 3. sat down 4. It‘s time for you to leave now./You must be off./ leave now. 5. Finally Jack could stand it no longer. 24 An airport is one of the busiest places in the world, for all day and nearly all night jet airliners take off and land at peak periods at the rate of one a minute. Airports have three main jobs: they must carry passengers, mail, and goods; they must be sure that all aircrafts take off and land safely and on time; and they must provide hangars (飞机库) and workshops _______________________. The centre of operations at the airport is the air traffic control tower, where controllers organize the landing and take-off of each aircraft. With complicated electronic aids, including computers and radar, the ground controller guides the pilot of the aircraft from a height of 6 to 8 km onto a concrete (混凝土) runway about 3km long and 60 metres wide. The runways are usually parallel and in line with the prevailing (主要的) wind, so that aircraft can land against the wind, which is always safer. As soon as aircraft has landed, it moves along to an area called an apron (停机坪). Here trucks are waiting, ready to carry baggage to the terminal. Fuel tankers move in to refill the craft's fuel tanks. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words. ) _______________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage, can be replaced by the following one? An airplane can land much safer up the wind. __________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the second paragraph with proper words to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words. ) ____________________________________________________________________ 4. What is the air traffic control tower used for at the centre of the airport? (Please answer within 30 words. ) ___________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. ________________________________________________________________________ 1. Airport. 2. Aircraft can land against the wind, which is always safer.
3. so that planes can be checked timely/regularly 4. It's a place where controllers can organize the landing and take-off of each aircraft. 5.为在高峰期整天、几乎整夜飞机以每分钟—架的速度起飞和降落。 24 To me, life without music would not be exciting. I realize that this is not true for everybody. Many people get along quite well without going to the concert, and listening to the record. But music plays an important part in everyone's life, whether he realizes it or not. Try to imagine, for example, what films or TV plays would be like without music. Would the feelings, the moving plot, and the greatest interests, be so exciting or dramatic? I'm not sure about it. Now, we have been speaking of music in its more common meaning--the kind of music we hear in the concert hall. But if we look at some parts of music more closely, we discover them in our everyday life too--in the rhythm of the sea, the melody of a bird in the woods and so on. So music surely has meaning for everyone, in some way or other. And, of course, it has special meaning for those who have spent all their lives _______________. It is well said, "through music a child enters into a world of beauty, expresses himself from his heart, feels the joy of doing things alone, learns to take care of others, develops his mind and makes his body strong." 1. What does the writer think of music? ______________________________________________________ 2. What does the underlined word "melody" mean in the text? ______________________________________________________ 3. In the writer's opinion, what would films or TV plays without music be like? __________________________________________________________ 4. Please complete the sentence in the second paragraph with proper words or phrases. (Please answer within 10 words. ) ______________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the third paragraph into Chinese. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 1.Music plays an important part in everyone's life. 2. Singing. 3.They would not be so exciting or dramatic. 4. working on playing or writing music. 5. 有人说的好：―借助音乐，儿童可以进入美的世界、表达自己的内心、感受独自做事的乐趣、发展思维、 强身健体。‖
25 Our surroundings are being polluted faster than nature and man's present efforts cannot prevent it. Time is bringing us more industry, more cars, larger cities, and the growing use of man-made materials. What can explain and solve this problem? The fact is that pollution is caused by man-- by his desire for a modern way of life. We make "increasing industrialization (工业化) our chief aim. So we are often ready to offer everything: clean air, pure water, good food, our health and the future of our children. There is a constant flow of people from the countryside into the cities, eager for the benefits of our modern society. But as our technological achievements have grown in the last twenty years pollution has become a serious problem. Isn't it time we stopped to ask ourselves where we are going--and why? It makes one think of the story about the airline pilot who told his passengers over the loudspeaker, "I've some good news and some bad news. The good news is that we're making rapid progress at 530 miles per hour. The bad news is that we're lost and don't
know where we're going." The sad fact is that this becomes a true story when speaking of our modern society. 1. Why man cannot prevent the world from being polluted? _____________________________________________________________ 2. Why do people crowd into the cities? __________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is our chief aim according to the passage? __________________________________________________________ 4. What has become a serious problem as our technological achievements have grown in the last twenty years? ____________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph into Chinese. __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 1.Because the population of the world is increasing fast. 2.They are eager for the benefits of our modern society (... to enjoy the achievements of our society). 3.increasing industrialization 4.Pollution has become a serious problem. 5.难道不该是我们停下来问自己我们正朝哪儿发展，为什么向那儿发展的时候了吗? 26 Most people say "yes" more gladly than "no". A friend is moving house this weekend and would like help, and you agree. But you really want to have a couple of days to relax at home. Or a roommate spends the whole weekend playing video games and wants to borrow your homework for "reference". But you've finished it after a whole day's hard work. Many people say "yes" to these kinds of requests. They often don't consider their own interests and feelings and are often angry with themselves afterwards. Saying "no" requires courage and considerable practice. "Everyone wants to be liked" says Gabriele Steinki, a German psychologist, "saying 'not risk losing the affection of the person asking the favor. Or even a job.‖ The result is that many people say "yes" just for keeping the peace. But experts say this is regrettable. Everyone should have the right to say "no". In fact, rejecting a request can even help to stabilize (稳定) a relationship because it expresses real affection. But, for people accustomed to agreeing every request, ____________________. Most people believe that if I say "no", I'll lose the affection of the person. But the affection is important to me. This way of thinking can be replaced by this: If he only likes me because I always do what suits him, then the price of this affection is too high in the long term. When saying "no", Steinki advises giving the persons calmly again until the person gets the message. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words. ) __________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Actually, saying "no" is good to friendship because you can know the true feelings of the other. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words. ) __________________________________________________________________ 4. Do you think it's good to say "no" to others? Why? (Please answer within 30 words. ) _____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese. 1. You need courage to say "no". 2. In fact, rejecting a request can even help to stabilize a relationship because it expresses real affection. 3. to say "no" is hard and uncomfortable 4. It depends on what kind of request. If I say "yes" and regret afterwards, I'll say "no". 5.人们往往不顾自己的兴趣与感受，可事后又经常生自己的气。 27 Living in China was also an interesting and challenging experience for Conlon and his family. Though he has learned to speak some putonghua, his communicative abilities are not as good as he wants them to be. In his spare time, Conlon likes to ride his three-wheel motorcycle, traveling to every corner of Wuhan. He said the charm of China's cities comes from their looks and the feelings they convey to people. Conlon is also an amateur photographer. He has taken thousands of pictures recording his discoveries and happy memories during his four-year stay in China. Some of his photos even ______________. At first, Conlon's wife, a Japanese, did not understand why he wanted to trade a comfortable life in Hawaii for a rather difficult situation in China. But after living in Wuhan for years, she fell in love with the country and became more supportive of Conlon and his work with windmill project. His 15-year-old son, who came with Conlon at the beginning, now studies at an international high school in Zhengzhou, Henan Province. "I'm glad that my son's language ability is much better than mine," Conlon said. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer with three words. ) ______________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? He wanted to communicate with others in standard Chinese language but he didn't speak better than he expected. ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the fifth paragraph with proper words to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words. ) __________________________________________________________________ 4. Why did Conlon's wife change her attitude? (Please answer within 30 words. ) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the fourth paragraph. _____________________________________________________________________________ 1. Life in China. 2. His communicative abilities are not as good as he wants them to be. 3. won awards in photograph competitions 4. Because she thought her husband did right and she began to fall in love with the country. 5. 他认为中国城市的魅力来自于这些城市自己的外表和他们带给人们的情感。 29 Making an advertisement for television ______________. For example, a two-hour movie costs $ 6 million to make. A TV commercial can cost more than $ 6,000 a second. And that does not include cost of paying for air time. Which is more valuable, the program or the ad? In terms of money--and making money is what television is all about--the commercial is by far the more important.
Research, market testing, talent, time and money--- all come together to make us want to buy a product. No matter how bad we think a commercial is, it works. The sales of Charm went up once the ad began. TV commercials actually buy their way into our head. We, in turn, buy the product. And the ads work because so much time and attention are given to them. Here are some rules of commercial ad making. If you want to get the low middle-class buyer, make sure the announcer has a tough, manly voice. Put some people in the ad who work with their hands. If you want to sell to upper-class audience, make sure that the house, the furniture, and the hair style are the types that the group identifies (认同)with. If you want the buyer feel superior to the character selling the product, then make that person so stupid or silly that everyone will feel great about himself or herself. We laugh at commercials. We don't think we pay that much attention to them. But evidence shows we are kidding (哄骗) ourselves. The making of a commercial that costs so much money is not kid stuff. It's big, big business. And it's telling us what to think, what we need, and what to buy. To put simply, the TV commercial is a form of brainwashing. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 5 words. ) ____________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? TV ads are making far more money than TV programs. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the first paragraph with proper words to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words. ) _________________________________________________ 4. What's the main idea of the third paragraph? (Please answer within 30 words. ) 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph into Chinese. __________________________________________________________________ 1. Never Kid Ads 2. In terms of money--and making money is what television is all about--the commercial is by far the more important. 3. often costs more than a movie 4. The rules of making commercials. 5. 简言之，电视广告是一种洗脑的形式。
30 For more than six million American children, coming home after school means coming home to an empty house. Some deal with the situation by watching TV. Some may hide. But all of them have something in common. They spend part of each day alone. They are called latchkey children. They're children who look after themselves while their parents work. And their bad condition has become a subject of concern. Lynette Long was once the headmistress of an elementary school. She said, "We had a school rule against wearing jewellery. A lot of kids had chains around their necks with keys attached. I was constantly telling them to put them inside shirts". Slowly, she learned they were house keys. She and her husband began talking to the children who had them. They learned of the impact (影响) working couples and single parents were having on their children. Fear is the biggest problem faced by children at home alone. One in each three latchkey children the Longs talked to are reported being scared. Many had nightmares and were worried about their own safety. The most common way latchkey children deal with their fears is by hiding. It might be in a shower stall, under a
bed or in a closet. The second is TV. They often play it loudly. It's hard to get statistics (统计资料) on latchkey children, the Longs learned. Most parents are slow to admit___________________. 1. What is the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 5 words. ) _________________________________________________ 2. Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? A lot of children couldn't sleep well at night and had no sense of safety. _________________________________________________________________________ 4. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words. ) __________________________________________________ 5. What do the latchkey children feel when they are at home by themselves? (Please answer within 10 words. ) ___________________________________________ 1. Latchkey Children in America 2. 他们对因夫妻双方都工作或单亲给孩子造成的影响是有所了解的。 3. Many had nightmares and were worried about their own safety. 4. they leave their children alone 5. They feel lonely and frightened. 31 Thousands of white collars, driving cars with their parents and relatives sitting in, gathered at a large shopping mall on Xudong Street in Wuhan last Sunday. They did not come here for shopping, but to attend an activity in hopes of finding their marriage partners at the party. The activity was organized by local government and media. As people in cities today were under increasing work pressure, organizers hoped that such activity could provide a chance for these white collars to make more friends outside work. When the party began, however, parents seemed ______________ an appropriate marriage partner for their children than the children themselves. As soon as they arrived, many parents began to "study" the name list and glanced at candidates' information. Some parents either asked their relatives to make more inquiries about candidate's information, or began to exchange contact information with the candidates. Some parents even raised a billboard with their children's information on it, hoping to catch people's attention nearby. Experts say that the first generation living in China's nuclear family is now attaining the age of marriage. For these young people, they usually make contact with each other through mobile phones, short messages, e-mails, and online chatting, and don't make much face -to-face contact with people. For some, they even think of dating as a waste of time and marriage a social burden. For others, late marriage or remaining single has become a fashion in life. The children's parents, however, are rather conservative and do not agree to their way of life. In order to put an end to their children' s lifestyle, parents finally come to the front stage. 1. What is the best title of the passage? ( Please answer within 10 words. ) ________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Because these white collars are so involved in the intense work competition that they can not have their own time to make friends beyond work, the very aim of this activity is to help them solve this problem. _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. ( Please answer within 10 words. ) ___________________________________________________________________ 4. How do you think of this activity? Why? (Please answer within 30 words. ) ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 5.Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph. ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 1. Parents Help Children to Look for Marriage Partners 2. As people in cities today were under increasing work pressure, organizers hoped that such activity could provide a chance for these white collars to make more friends outside work. 3. more eager to find 4. I think this activity is necessary, because it does provides a good chance for the white colors to make more friends. / I don' t approve of this activity, because I think it embarrassing for people to get to know each other in this way. 5. 有些父母要么让他们的亲戚去更多地询问申请人信息，要么与一些申请人交换联系方式。 32 1970 was "World Conservation Year". The Moduleed Nations wanted everyone to know that the world is in danger. They hoped that government would act quickly in order to conserve nature. Here is one example of the problem. At one time there were 1, 300 different plants, trees and flowers in Holland, but now only 860 remain. The others have been destroyed by modern man and his technology. We're changing the earth, the air and water, and everything that grows and lives. We can't live without these things, if we continue like this, we shall destroy ourselves. What will happen in the future? Perhaps it is more important to ask, "What must we do now?" The people who will be living in the world of tomorrow are the young of today. A lot of them know that conservation is necessary. Many are helping to save our world. They plant trees in forests, build bridges across rivers and so on. In a small town in the Moduleed States a large group of girls cleaned the banks of eleven kilometers of their river. Young people may hear about conservation through a record called NO ONE IS GOING TO CHANCE OUR WORLD. It was made by the Seattles, Cliff Richard and others. The money from it ____________ wild animals. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words) _____________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? We shall destroy ourselves if we don't try our best to save the world. ________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words) ___________________________________________________________________ 4. What is the most important thing for us to do to save our world? (Please answer within 30 words) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. _________________________________________________________________________ 1. Conservation is Necessary
2. If we continue like this, we shall destroy ourselves. 3. will help to conserve 4. We should know what we should do and begin to do it now. 5. 在荷兰，一度有 1,300 种不同的植物、树木和鲜花,可是现在仅有 860 种了。 33 ―No man is an island‖ is a well-known line from John Done's Devotion, written more than three hundred years ago. Even now people still agree with him. No one can live a completely isolated life. Without other people, life became empty and sad. We all need to have friends. For some of us, though making friends is not difficult, feeling sheepish, we may not want to make the first move. It is also difficult at times to keep the friends we already have. There are many books about friendship, but Dale Carnegie's How to Win Friends and Influence People, written in 1936, is the most famous. This "how to" book about getting along with other people became a best seller. It was later put into 28 languages. Dale Carnegie's advice seems to be simple. But can this advice help you? Do you need to change the way you act? Here is the list of advice from his book: 1. Be friendly and polite. Always greet with a smile. Begin with "Excuse me" or" Would you mind" when you want to ask somebody. Remember to say" Thank you" and try to be as helpful as you can. 2. Go out of your way to be nice. Find some time to do special things for other people. Making some soup for a sick neighbor may seem like a little thing to you, but it will make your neighbor feel a lot better. 3. Remember names. They say that the sweetest music to a person' s ears is the sound of his or her own name. 4. Be open-minded. Try to understand other people' s way and ideas and learn something from them. 5. Listen patiently. When someone is talking to you, look at her, listen carefully and say something when necessary. 1. What's the meaning of the underlined sentence in the first paragraph? (Please answer within 10 words) _________________________________________________ 2. What is the best title for this passage? (Please answer within l 0 words) ________________________________________ 3. Why do some of us feel it not easy to make friends? ( Please answer within 15 words) __________________________________________________________________________ 4. Why should we remember other's names? _______________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 1. No one can live alone 2. How to Make Friends 3. We're shy to make the first move / take the first action. 4. They'll feel happy when hearing their names called. 5. 对一些人来说，尽管交友并不难，然而由于羞怯我们可能不想―迈出第一步‖。 34
Quality after-school programs are designed to improve academic performance, decrease youth crimes and other high-risk behaviors, and help young people grow into healthy, successful adults. The effect of quality after-school programs on academic performance is clear. Studies show that students who take part in such programs show better work habits, higher rates of homework completion, improved grades, and higher scores on achievement tests. They also have fewer absences and are less likely to blame. After-school program also influence high-risk teen behavior. Various studies show decreased rates of crime, drug use, and teen sex among youth who join in well-run. after-school programs when compared __________________. Finally, after-school programs play so important role in supporting the following fields of development, mental development and social development. Thus, one can safely say that after -school programming is an effective method to help young people become contributing members of society. Although there is enough proof from both small and large assessments that after-school programs can make a positive difference, it is important to note that not all programs are equal. First, dosage (时量) matters – young people who attend the most hours over the most years benefit more than members who attend less often or over a shorter period of time. Next, after-school programs make a bigger difference for those students who need help most and have the fewest choices. Finally, program qualities matter. After-school programs work best when they create unique opportunities for youth. They should provide opportunities, skill building meaningful involvement (参与), expression suggestion, service, and work. Staff characteristics make an important difference in the quality of a program. The adults should treat youth as partners , create safe and fair environment, encourage personalized (个性化的) involvement, and actively create learning opportunities. In short, although after-school programs have promising future, how they are designed and tune matters. 1. What is the best title of the passage? ( within 5 words) ________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? "While enough assessments have proved that after-school programs can exert a positive effect, what matters is more than the programs themselves." __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence (within 8 words ) ________________________________________________________________ 4. Translate the sentence underlined in the 2nd paragraph into Chinese. ______________________________________________________________________ 5. What can we infer from the last sentence? ___________________________________________________________________ 1. Quality After-school Program 2. Although there, is enough proof from both small and large assessments that after-school programs can make a positive difference, it is important to not that no all programs are equal. 3. to similar youth who do not 4. 因此,可以有把握地说，校外计划是一个可以帮助年轻人成为对社会有用的人的有效方法。 5. How to design and run the quality after-school programs is very important. 35 Everyone should visit a lighthouse (灯塔) at least once. The reason for such a visit is to realize how our ancestors (祖先) battle nature with the basic tools they had. They had only basic ways of creating light, and yet they found a way of using this simple technology in isolated places to save ships from hitting locks. Secondly, visiting lighthouses will help us to understand the lives of lighthouse keepers. By the very nature,
lighthouses were built on some rocks or cliffs. Thus, the lighthouse keepers often lived lonely lives. To walk around their small home, and imagine the angry storm outside beating against the walls, is to take a step towards understanding the lives they had. The reasons for a visit to a lighthouse are not all so back -looking in time. It is true that lighthouses were built in out-of-way places. But on a pleasant sunny summer day, this very isolation has a natural beauty that many people will love to experience. Therefore, with the gentle waves touching all round the lighthouse, the visitor is likely to think it is a world preferable (对…来说更适宜) the busy and noisy modern life. Another reason for considering a visit is that the lighthouses themselves can be very attractive buildings. Mankind could often not be content just to put up a basic structure, __________, even in such an isolated place, to build with an artistic touch. The result is a view for tired eyes to enjoy. Finally, lighthouses have a romantic attraction, summed up by the image of the oil-skin coated keeper climbing his winding stairs to take care of the light to warn ships and save lives. 1. What is the best title for this passage? ( Please answer within 10 words) ___________________________________________________ 2. Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph into Chinese. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blanks in the fifth paragraph with the proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. ( Please answer within 10 words) ________________________________________________________ 4. Which reason do you think is the most important for visiting a lighthouse? Why? ( Please answer within 30 words) ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 5.Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Many people want to experience a natural beauty in this lonely place when the sun is shining in summer. ______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 1. Reasons for visiting a lighthouse. / Why should we visit a lighthouse? 2. 在他们的小屋旁漫步， 想象着屋外咆哮的暴风雨击打着墙壁， 就是向着理解他们所过的生活迈进了一步。 3. but felt the need. 4.The most important reason is to realize how our ancestors battled nature. Because our ancestors had only basic ways of creating light, and they used it to save ships. 5. But on a pleasant sunny summer day, this very isolation has a natural beauty that many people will love to experience
36 During Egypt's Old Kingdom, the pharaohs (法老) established a stable central government in the fertile Nile Valley. Perhaps the greatest testaments (证据) to their power were the pyramids and other tombs built to shelter them in the afterlife. Kings of the Dead Ancient Egyptians believed that when the pharaoh died, he became Osiris, king of the dead. The new pharaoh became Horus, god of the heavens and protector of the sun god. This cycle was symbolized by the rising and setting of the sun.
Some part of a dead pharaoh's spirit, called his ka, was believed to remain with his body. And it was thought that if the dead body did not have proper care, the former pharaoh would not be able to carry out his new duties as king of the dead. If this happened, the cycle would be broken and disaster would happen to Egypt. To prevent such a catastrophe, each dead pharaoh was mummified (制成木乃伊), which preserved his body. Everything the king would need in his afterlife was provided in his grave- vessels made of clay, stone, and gold, furniture, food, even doll-like representations of servant. His body would continue to receive offerings ______________. Tombs Fit for Kings To shelter and safeguard the part of a pharaoh's soul that remained with his dead body, Egyptians built massive tombs--but not always pyramids. Before the pyramids, tombs were carved into bedrock and topped by flat-roofed structures called mastabas (石室坟墓). Mounds of dirt, in turn, sometimes topped the structures. The pyramid shape of later tombs could have come from these mounds. More likely, Egyptian pyramids were modeled on a sacred, pointed stone called the benben. The benben symbolized the rays of the sun; ancient texts claimed that pharaohs reached the heavens via sunbeams. 1. What is the best title for the passage? (Please answer within 10 words) ____________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? ______________________________________________________________ People believed that the dead pharaoh's spirit would be with his body. ___________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the fourth paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. ( Please answer within 10 words. ) _______________________________________________________________________ 4. Why was each dead pharaoh mummified? What did the benben stand for? (Please answer within 30 words.) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the second paragraph into Chinese. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 1. Introduction of Pyramids. 2. Some part of a dead pharaoh‘s spirit, called his ka, was believed to remain his body. 3. long after his death 4. Because it was thought that disaster would happen unless the dead body of the former pharaoh had been preserved well. The benben symbolized the rays of the sun. 5. 这种循环往复以日出日落为标志。 37 Maybe you are an average student with an average intellect. You probably think you will never be a top student. This is not necessarily so, however. Anyone can become a better scholar if he or she wants to. The following suggestions may be helpful to you: 1. Plan your time carefully. When you plan your week, you should make a list of things that you have to do. Be sure to set aside enough time to complete the work that you are normally assigned each week. Of course, studying shouldn't occupy all of your free time. Don't forget to set enough time for entertainment, hobbies and relaxation.
2. Find a good place to study. Look around the house for a good study area. Keep this space, which may be a desk or simply a corner of your room, free of everything but study materials. No radio or television! When you sit down to work, concentrate on the subject! 3. Make good use of time in class. Take advantage of class time to listen to everything the teacher says. Really listening in class means less work later. Taking notes will help you remember what the teacher says. 4. Study regularly. When you get home from class, go over your notes. Review the important points that your teacher mentioned in class. If you do it regularly, the material will become more meaningful, and you will remember it longer. 5. Develop a good attitude about tests. The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject. Tests do more than _______________; they let you know what you need to study more, and they help to make your new knowledge permanent. There are other techniques that might help you with your studying. You will probably discover many others after you have tried these. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? If you listen to the teachers carefully in class, you can do less work after class. ___________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph but one with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) ______________________________________ 4. Do you have any other techniques that you find helpful in your studies? (Please answer within 30 words.) _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph into Chinese. ______________________________________________________________________ 1. Ways of Improving the Studying Habits 2. Really listening in class means less work later. 3. just provide grades 4. Scan before you read. This helps you get a general idea of the content before you read it more carefully, and helps you improve your comprehension. 5. 确保留出足够的时间去完成正常情况下每周都会布置给你的工作。 38 In every school there is a ―top‖ crowd that sets the pace, while the others follow their lead. If the top crowd decides that it is smart to wear bright red sweaters, soon everybody is wearing a bright red sweater. There is nothing wrong with that, except the fact that on some people bright red sweater is extremely unbecoming. The situation can even become dangerous, if the top crowd decides that it is smart to drink or to drive cars at seventy miles an hour. Then the people who follow the lead are endangering their lives. They are like the sheep being led to the butcher. Now, chances are that you have come across situations like these more than once in your life; chances are that one time or another you probably did something you knew to be wrong. You may have excused yourself by saying, "see, the crowd does it." Well, let the crowd do it, but _____________. Learn to say, "No." Develop your own standards and your own judgment. If wm know the crowd is planning something you disagree to, have the courage to bow out mannerly. You' 11 have tile satisfaction of standing on your own two feet.
1. What is the best title for this passage? ( Please answer within 5 words. ) _______________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? When you are not for tile plan the top crowd makes, you should be brave and clever enough to express yourself in a proper way. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 3. Fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. ( Please answer within 10 words. ) ______________________________________________ 4. What's your attitude towards tile "top" crowd.? ( Please answer within 10 words. ) _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the third paragraph into Chinese. ______________________________________________________________ 1. Being Yourself 2. If wm know the crowd is planning something you disagree to, have the courage to bow out mannerly. 3. don't do it yourself 4. Don't follow them blindly and try to be yourself. 5. 一生中你可能不止一次地遇到过像这样的情况；你可能不止一次地做过你知道是错误的事情。 39 The favorite food in the United States is the hamburger, a kind of round sandwich which cooked ground beef. The favorite place to buy a hamburger is a fast food restaurant. At fast food restaurants, people order their food, wait a few minutes, and carry it to their tables themselves. People also take their food out of the restaurant and eat it in their cars or in their homes. Most fast food restaurants sell hamburgers, French fries and milkshakes. Also they serve Chinese food, Mexican food, Italian food, chicken, seafood and ice cream. The idea of a fast food restaurant is so popular that nearly every kind of food can be found in one. Fast food restaurants are popular because they reflect American life style. First, they are not formal restaurants. Customers wear any type of dress when they go to a fast food place. Second, they are fast. People are so busy they do not want to ________________ or waiting while someone else prepares it. In fast food restaurants the food is usually ready before the customer even orders it. Finally, most food in a fast food restaurant is not expensive. Therefore, people can afford to eat at a fast food restaurant often, while they may not be able to afford a more traditional and more expensive restaurant very often. 1. What can be the best title of the passage? _______________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence from the passage do you think can replace the following one? Fast food restaurant is so welcome that you can find whatever food you like there. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 3. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________________ 4. Give two important reasons to explain why Americans prefer to go to fast food restaurants. (Please answer within 20 words. ) _____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. _____________________________________________________________________ 1. Fast food in the United States / Why do Americans like fast food? 2. The idea of a fast food restaurant is so popular that nearly every kind of food can be found in one. 3. spend time preparing their own food 4. Fast food restaurants are less expensive. Americans prefer informal ways and put convenience first in their life. 5. 因此，人们可以经常光顾快餐店，而传统的昂贵的大餐不是寻常百姓轻易就能吃得起的。 40 When traveling abroad, one must remember Dorothy's famous words that you're not in Kansas any more. There are many dangers that one can face in a new and different environment and the best way to protect yourself is to be well aware of possible 'dangers before you depart. Here are a few tips to ensure a safe and pleasant trip. Read up on what the State Department has to say. The State Department does an excellent job of watching out for our safety and protecting ns in our travels by providing Travel Warnings (advising Americans to avoid certain countries), Public Announcements (postings of significant risks to the security of American travelers) and Consular Information. Sheets for every country in the world. Be sure to check in when planning your trip, and before you leave. Remember that you are a guest in a different country. Do your best to mix in with the locals by taking note of their talk and behavior. Buy or borrow a book from the library that teaches you about the local customs and beliefs. Try to stay in areas where there are lots of people and avoid wandering around new places where there is the possibility of getting lost. Feel free to make friends with locals, but remember that they are still strangers and you do not know them. Be cautious of information that you share--especially about where you are staying. Make a copy of your passport and inform the US Embassy in the country you will be visiting before you leave. Should you come into any danger, the US Embassy is there to help and protect you. Having proper proof of identity will help ensure a safe and speedy return home. Map out a sight-seeing route before you leave the hotel. This will reduce your chances of getting lost. It is also a good idea to ask for a contact (联系) card at your hotel so that you can return or contact them in case you do get lost. Learn enough of the language to communicate. Not only will you be glad when you request help, but locals will respond warmly to you when they see that __________. 1. What can be a proper title for this passage? ____________________________________________ 2. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words. ) ___________________________________________________________ 3. What will you get from the State Department? (Please answer within 15 words.) _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 4. Which of the above tips do you think is / are most important? And why? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________
5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 1. Tips for a Safe and Pleasant Trip Abroad __________________________________________________ 2. you are speaking their own language / they can communicate with you with their own language. 3. Travel Warning, Public Announcements and Consular Information Sheets for every country in the world. 4. 略。 5. 在异地他乡，你要面对许多危险因素。保护自己的最好办法就是在出发前充分意识到潜在的危险。 41 One hundred and thirteen million Americans have at least one bank-issued credit card. They give their owners automatic credit in stores, restaurants, and hotels, at home, across the country, and even abroad, and they make many banking services available as well. More and more of these credit cards can be read automatically, making it possible to withdraw or deposit money in scattered locations, whether or not the local branch bank is open. For many of us, the "cashless society" is not on the horizon--it's already here. While computers offer these conveniences to consumers, they have many advantages for sellers too. Electronic cash registers can do much more than simply ring up sales. They can keep a wide range of records, including who sold what, when, and to whom. This information allows businessmen to keep track of their list of goods by showing which items are being sold and how fast they are moving. Decisions to reorder or return goods to suppliers can then be made. At the same time these computers record which hours are busiest and which employees are the most efficient, allowing personnel and staffing assignments to be made accordingly. And they also identify preferred customer for promotional campaigns. Computers are relied on by manufacturers for similar reasons. Computer analyzed marketing reports can help to decide which products to emphasize now, which to develop for the future and which to drop. Computers keep track of goods in stock, of raw materials on hand, and even of the production process itself. Various other commercial enterprises, from theaters to magazine publishers, from gas and electric supplies to milk processors, bring better and more efficient services to consumers through the use of computers. 1. What is the passage mainly about? (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Nowadays many of us Americans do not pay in cash. ___________________________________________________________________ 3. What do the underlined words "ring up sales" most probably mean? (Please answer within 10 words.) ____________________________________________________________________ 4. What is your opinion of using computers in business? (Please answer within 30 words.) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 1. Conveniences brought about by computers in business. 2. For many of us, the "cashless society" is not on the horizon--it's already here. 3. It means "record sales on a cash register". 4. I agree with the writer. Computers will bring about more convenience to people's life. 5. 许多其他商业企业，从电影院到杂志出版商，从煤气和电力供给站到牛奶加工厂，都在利用计算机向消
费者提供更好、更有效的服务。 42 "Life is speeding up. Everyone is getting unwell." This may sound like something someone would say today. But in fact, an unknown citizen who lived in Rome in AD 52 wrote it. We all love new inventions. They are exciting, amazing and can even change our lives. But have all these developments really improved the quality of our life? Picture this: You're rushing to finish your homework on the computer. Your mobile phone rings; a QQ message from your friend appears on the screen; the noise from the television is getting louder and louder. Suddenly the computer goes blank and you lose all your work. Now you have to ______________. How calm and happy do you feel? Inventions have speeded up our life so much that they often leave us feeling stressed and tired. Why do you think people who live far away from noisy cities, who have no telephones, no cars, no electricity often seem to be happier? Perhaps because they lead simpler life. One family in the UK went "back in time" to see what life was like without all the inventions we have today. The grandparents, with their daughter, and grandsons Benjamin, 10, and Tomas, 7, spent nine weeks in a 1940s house. They had no washing machine, microwave, computer or mobile phones. The grandmother, Lyn, said, "It was hard physically, but not mentally." She believed life was less materialistic. "The more things you have, the more difficult life becomes," she said. The boys said they fought less to fight over, such as their computer. Benjamin also noticed that his grandmother had changed from being a "trendy, beer-drinking granny, to one who cooked things". Here are some simple ways to beat the stress often caused by our inventions! Don't be available all the time. Turn off your mobile phone at certain times of the day. Don't check your e-mail every day. Don't reply to somebody as soon as they leave a text message just because you can. It may be fun at first, but it soon gets annoying. 1. What is the passage mainly about? (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________ 2. Why did the writer quote what a citizen in ancient Rome said at the beginning of the story? (Please answer within 10 words.) ________________________________________________________________________ 3. Fill in the blank with proper words and expressions according to the context. (Please answer within 10 words. ) __________________________________________________________ 4. Translate the underlined sentence into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 5. What does the underlined word "available" here mean? Why do you think so? (Please answer within 40 words. ) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 1. It is mainly about the problems with technology nowadays. 2. He did this to share a truth about life. 3. stay up all night to get it done/redo it/do your work again
4. 本杰明还注意到他的祖母从一个爱赶潮流，爱喝啤酒的老太太变成了一个爱做饭的人。 5. It means "be found by others". From the next sentences, we can see we are recommended our mobile phone, not to check our e-mail daily, so we can't be found at all.
not to turn on
43 If you ever find teenagers are not taking your feelings into account, it's probably because they're just unable to do so. That is, some part of the teenage brain doesn't get as much action as adults. "Thinking styles change with age," said Sarah-Jayne Blakemore of the University College London Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience. "As you get older you use more or less the same brain network to make decisions about your actions as you did when you were a teenager, but the difference is that the distribution of that brain activity changes from the back of the brain (when you were a teenager) to the front (when you are an adult)." In the study, teens and adults were asked how they would react to certain situations. As they responded, researchers imaged their brains. Although both adults and teens responded similarly to the questions, the teenagers had much more activity in the brain area involved in predicting future actions based on previous ones. However, adults were also much faster at figuring out how their actions would affect themselves and other people. "We think that a teenager' s judgment of what they would do in a 'given situation is driven by the simple question: 'What would I do?'" Blakemore said. "Adults, on the other hand, ask: 'What would I do, given how I would feel and given how the people around me would feel as a result of my actions?'" Children start ___________ around the age of five. But the ability develops well beyond this age, the new research suggests. Whatever the reasons, it is clear that teenagers are dealing with, not only plenty of physical but also mental changes. These changes do not happen gradually between the ages of 0-18, which come suddenly and unexpectedly. 1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) ____________________________________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Obviously, massive physical and mental changes are happening to teenagers for no reason. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 3. Please flu in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) __________________________________________________________________ 4. What do adults often think about when they have to make a decision? (Please answer within 20 words.) _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese. _________________________________________________________________________ 1. Why don't teens care? / Why don't teens take other's feelings into account? 2. Whatever the reasons, it is clear that teenagers are dealing with, not only plenty of physical but also mental changes. 3. taking (to take) into account other people' s feelings / thinking (to think) about others' feelings 4. How their actions would affect themselves and other people. / How the people around them would feel as a result of their actions. 5. 这些变化并非是在 0 到 18 岁之间逐步发生的，相反，它们来得非常突然，非常出人意料。 85
On my arrival in America, the one thing I noticed more than anything else was the tremendous amount of advertising that went on--on the radio, on television, on billboards and signposts, and in magazines. In the last three years, I have become accustomed to this fact in American life, for I believe that it is a creative and necessary part of an industrial society. I, too, want to improve my life-style and to buy better products, so I look to advertising to show me how to do it. Deciding what to believe in advertising, however, isn't easy. It seems to me that a person must buy things with a lot of care. As a consumer, I want to get the best for my money, but I really have to understand the techniques of advertising. Otherwise, manufacturers will be able to sell me anything, no matter what its quality may be. More and more people are becoming conscious, like me, of the ways in which advertising can affect them. The creative aspects of commercials, for instance, often cover up detects or problems in products. I have learned this well, since I have made purchases and lost money because the items were of poor quality. The future of advertising most likely will involve a much greater degree of public participation. I intend to become involved in consumer groups that want to protect people from misleading advertising. But I also want to see Americans, keep their high standards of living in the process. In the future, if consumers like me really care about the quality of something as well as the quantity, maybe advertisers will begin to care more about _______________________. 1. What was the author most impressed when he got to the USA? (Please answer within 10 words.) ________________________________________________________________ 2. What is the main idea of the passage? _________________________________________________________________ 3. What should be done to guarantee the healthy development of advertisement? _____________________________________________________________________ 4. Please complete the sentence in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases. (Please answer within 10 words.) _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 1. The tremendous amount of advertising here and there. 2. Consumers should be careful with advertisements. 3. The government should pay more attention to this industry. 4. what they are trying to sell 5. 在最后三年，我习惯了美国生活中的这一现实，因为我认为这属于一个工业化国家的 具有创造性而 且必须的一部分。
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