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2013届高中英语第1轮总复习 unit3 新人教版必修3 新课标


一、 单词识记 根据词意写出单词的汉语意思或写英文单词。 seek 1.寻找;探索 v.______________ embassy 2.大使馆 n.______________ passage 3.船费;通道;一段 n.______________ spot 4.发现 vt.;认出;斑点;地点 n.______________ fault 5.过错;故障 n.________

______ stare 6.凝视 vi.______________ 7.漫游;漂泊 vi.______________ wander ahead 8.在前;提前 adv.______________ permit 9.许可 v.;通行证;执照 n.______________ businessman 10.商人 n.______________

11.barber n.______________ 理发师 鞠躬 弓;鞠躬 12.bow vi.______________ n.______________ 破布 13.rag n.______________ 14.genuine adj.______________ 真的;真诚的 尖叫 尖叫声 15.scream vi.______________n.______________ 礼貌;方式 16.manner n.______________ 17.unbelievable adj.______________ 难以置信的 信封 18.envelope n.______________ 反面;对立面 相反的 19.contrary n.______________adj.______________ 耐性;忍耐 20.patience n.______________

? scene? 21.(戏剧)一场;场面;景色?n?. _____________?

22.小说,新颖的?n.&adj?.
23.人行道?n?. 24.作者?n?. 25.冒险家?n?. 26.过错,缺点,故障?n?. 27.妒忌的?adj?. 28.短语?n?.

novel? _____________? pavement? _____________? author? _____________?

? _____________?
adventurer _____________? _____________?

fault? _____________?
jealous? _____________? phrase _____________?

Ⅱ.写出下列单词的变化形式? permit 1.许可(?v?.)_____________;通行证(?n?.) permit permission _____________;许可(?n.)_____________? patience 2.耐心(?n?.)_____________;有耐心的(?adj?.)
_____________;不耐烦的(?adj?.)_____________? patient impatient? 3.粗鲁的(?adj?.)_____________;粗鲁地(?adv?.) rude rudely _____________;粗蛮(?n?.)_____________? rudeness appearance 4.出现,外貌(?n?.)_____________;出现(?v?.) _____________;消失(?v?.)_____________? appear disappear adventure 5.冒险(?n.v?.)_____________;冒险家(?n?.) _____________? adventurer

6.便士(n.) _____________;身无分文的(adj.) penny penniless _____________? believe 7. 相信(v.)_____________;可以相信的(adj.) believable unbelievable _____________;难以置信的(adj.)____________ ?

① permit vt.允许,许可 n. 通行证;许可证;执照 根据语境感悟其用法 We don't permit middle school students to surf the Internet to play computer games. 我们不允许中学生去上网玩游戏。

链接 permission n.

允许;准许

① permit vt.允许,许可 n. 通行证;许可证;执照
to see p67 no.1

短语
permit sb. to do sth. permit doing sth. permit of ask for permission 允许某人做某事 允许做某事 请求允许

许可;准许

with/without permission

经过/未经过允许

① permit vt.允许,许可 n. 通行证;许可证;执照

辨析
allow/permit allow所表示的“允许”通常含有听任、默许、 个人不加阻止之意; permit含有(文件、上级规定)的“允许”, 带有客观意味,语气较强。

① permit vt.允许,许可 n. 通行证;许可证;执照 温馨提示 注意allow, permit, forbid和advise所构成的基本 句式是相同的。以allow为例: sb. sth. doing sth. allow + 形容词性物主代词(one's) + doing sth. + 宾格代词(如him)+ to do sth. sb. is allowed to do sth.

① permit vt.允许,许可 n. 通行证;许可证;执照 活用 完成句子 (1)除非你有许可证,未经允许不能在此处停车。 allowed You are not ________ to park here without permission permit __________ unless you have a _______. (2)天气允许的话,我们就出去郊游。你们跟我们 一块去如何? permitting Weather __________, we will go out for an outing. What about you going with us?

②fault n. 错误;过失 根据语境感悟其用法 It's my fault to have you waiting for so long a time.

让你等这么长的时间是我的过错。 短语 find fault with sb. 挑某人的毛病 in/at fault 有错;有责任 be one's fault 是……的过错 correct a fault 改正错误

②fault n. 错误;过失 句型 It's one's fault to do sth. 做某事是某人的过错。

活用

单项填空

C (1) “I don't think it's my______ that the TV blew
up. I just turned it on, that's all,” said the boy.
A. error B. mistake C. fault D. duty

③ spot n. & v.

根据语境猜词义
(1) He spotted a friend in the street and went over to her. A (2) There are spots even on the sun. C (3) There are a lot of spots to visit in such an old city. B (4) He answered the question on the spot. D 根据语义找匹配 A. 看见 C.污点 B.场所,景点 D.现场

③ spot n. & v. 短语

hot spot
on the spot a spot of in a spot

热点
在现场;立刻,当场 少许;少量 陷入麻烦

③ spot n. & v. 活用 单项填空 C The tomato juice left a brown ______ on the front of my jacket. A. track B. trace C. spot D. point

解析 track行踪,小径,轨道;trace踪迹,足迹, 痕迹;spot斑点,污点,地点;point点,尖。根据 语境:番茄汁在我的夹克前留下了褐色的斑点。

④ account n. & vt.
根据语境猜词义

(1) Recent pressure may account for his behavior. B
(2) I paid money into my account this morning. A 根据语义找匹配 A. 客户 B. 说明(的原因)

④ account n. & vt. ( to see p67 no.3)
短语

on account of
on no account

由于
绝不;绝无理由 (在句首需倒装)

give a full account of
account for

对……进行详细的说明
考虑到

take account of = take…into account 解释,说明(……的原因)

④ account n. & vt. 活用 单项填空 A ______ should any money be given to a small child. A. On no account B. From all accounts C. Of no account D. By all accounts
解析 考查名词词组。 on no account决不可以; from all accounts和by all accounts均意为“根据各 种说法”;of no account不重要,通常作表语或 定语。

⑤ patience n. 耐心;忍耐力 After waiting for half an hour, he was beginning to lose patience. 在等了半个小时以后,他开始丧失信心。 链接 patient adj. 耐心的 n. 病人 patiently adv. 有耐心地

⑤ patience n. 耐心;忍耐力 ( to see p68 no.5) 短语

be patient with sb.
with patience lose patience

对某人有耐心 对……忍无可忍

耐心地 丧失信心

have no patience with…

⑤ patience n. 耐心;忍耐力 活用 根据语境,用patient的正确形式填空 patient The doctor explained to the (1)______ with patient (2)______ “Take your time. I am (3)______ with patience you. You have to wait (4)______.” patiently
(1)patient名词 “病人”;(2) patience 名词 “耐 心”;(3) patient 形容词 “耐心的”;(4) patiently副 词 “耐心地”。本题的语义是:医生耐心地给病人 解释,慢慢来,我对你是有耐心的。你得要耐心等待。

⑥compare v. 根据语境猜词义 (1) If you compare house prices in the two areas, it's quite amazing how different they are. C (2) Compare some recent work with your older stuff and you'll see how much you've improved. A (3) The rides at the fair just can't compare with the rides at Disneyland. D (4) Poets have compared sleep to death. B 根据语义找匹配 A. 把……与……比较 B. 把……比作…… C. 比较 D. 和某人 / 某事相比或值得相比

⑥compare v. 短语 compare A with B/compare A and B 把 A 与 B 比较 compare A to B 把A比作B compare with sb. / sth. 和某人、某事相比或值得相比 beyond compare 无可比拟;举世无双

⑥compare v. 活用 单项填空

C (1) When ______ different cultures, we often pay
attention only to the differences without noticing the
many similarities. A. compared C. comparing B. being compared D. having compared

解析 其语义是:在比较不同的文化时,我们经常仅仅注 意它们之间的不同之处而忽略了许多相似之处。依据“连 接词+分词”结构中的分词选择原则,我们只需考虑分词 与主语的逻辑关系。主动,用v.ing形式;被动,用v.ed 形式。“我们”和“比较”是主动关系,所以答案是C。

⑥compare v.
活用 单项填空

D (2) ______with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. A. Compare B. When comparing C. Comparing D. When compared
解析 其语义是:与整个地球面积相比,最大的海洋 似乎一点都不大了。依据“连接词+分词”结构中的分 词选择原则,排除B、C;又由于是状语,不能用祈 使句,排除A,所以答案是D。

⑦ seek (sought, sought) v.
根据语境猜词义

(1)You should seek advice from your lawyer on
this matter. D (2)They were seeking employment. B (3)He sought opportunities of doing her little service. C (4)We sought to change his mind. F (5)I have never sought to hide my view. E (6)The compass pointer always seeks the north. A 根据语义找匹配 A. 指向 B. 寻求 vt. C. 设法得到 vt. D. 征求 vt. E. 企图 F. 设法(跟不定式)

⑦ seek (sought, sought) v.( to see p67 no.4) 短语 seek one's fortune 谋求出路/机会; 寻求发财之道 play hide and seek 捉迷藏 not far to seek 不难找到 seek after 寻找;设法得到 seek for 找寻;寻求 seek to do sth. 寻找某物或找到某物 seek sth from sb. (向某人)请求、寻求某物

⑦ seek (sought, sought) v.

活用

汉译英

(1)他们想一起追求幸福。 They want to seek for /after happiness together. (2)我们正设法提高我们的英语水平。

We are seeking to improve our English.

三、词组互译 将下列词组译成中文或英语。 in rags 1.衣衫褴褛 ______________ by accident 2.偶然______________ account for 3.作出解释;说明原因______________ 4.冒险______________ take a chance go ahead 5.前进______________ get into trouble 6.陷入困境;惹麻烦______________ on the contrary 7.正相反______________ bring up 8.养育______________ stare at 9.盯住______________ as for 10.至于______________

11.fall over______________ 跌倒 带路 12.lead the way ______________ 到夜幕降临时 13.towards nightfall______________ 14.be jealous of ______________ 嫉妒 免费劳动 15.work as an unpaid hand______________ 上路 16.be on one's way______________ 17.show sb.out ______________ 把某人带出去 对??自信 18.be confident about______________ 19.the look on the waiter's face 服务员脸上的表情 ______________ 让某人搭车 20.give sb.a ride ______________

①bring up 根据语境猜词义

(1) He will be brought up by the government after his parent has been killed in the earthquake. B
(2) If you have any suggestion about the project, please bring it up at the next meeting. C (3) Click with the right mouse button to bring up a new

menu. A
根据语义找匹配 A. 调出 B. 抚养 C. 提出

①bring up ( to see p68 no.6) 短语 bring about bring back bring in bring out 导致,引起,造成 归还,恢复,使想起

bring forward

提出

带进来,赚得,引进 拿出,说出,阐明,使(思想)转变

①bring up 活用 单项填空 A (1) The Internet has brought ______ big changes in the way we work. A. about B. out C. back D. up

解析 本句话的语义是:互联网给我们的工作方式 带来了一些大的变化。

①bring up 活用 单项填空

C (2) Can you make a sentence to ______ the meaning of the phrase? A. show off B. turn out C. bring out D. take in
解析 本句话的语义是:你能造个句子说明这个短 语的语义吗?show off 炫耀,张扬;turn out证明, 生产,出版,结果是,造就;bring out拿出,说出, 阐明;take in 吸收,蒙骗,所以答案是C。

② as for “至于;关于;说道”,用来引出一个与前 一个话题稍微有些不同的话题。 (1)As for me, I would not return there either. 至于我,我也不会回到那的。

(2)As for being shy, you'll get over that.
至于害羞,你会克服的。

链接 as to

至于;关于;按照;根据

② as for
活用 单项填空 B. With

A ______ the cost, that will be very little.
A. As for

C. Because of
解析

D. Besides

“至于”费用,那是微不足道的。

①his eyes stare at what is left of the brother's dinner on table(P18) 他的眼睛盯着兄弟俩留在餐桌上的残羹剩菜 你知道句中的at what为什么不用at which吗? 问题的关键是要搞清楚是介词的宾语从句还 是定语从句。如果是介词的宾语从句,它所构成 的是“介词+连接词”;如果是定语从句,它所

构成的是“介词+关系代词”。

其前没有名词或代词时,它只可能是“介词+ 连接词”所构成的宾语从句。其前有名词或代词时,

我们可以把这个名词放到介词后,再把它代入到从
句中,看看是否成立,成立就是定语从句,指人,

用whom;指物,就用which,如:

e.g. You have written a perfect composition

except that there are some spelling mistakes.
除了一些拼写错误以外,你的作文是无可挑 剔的。 (无法把composition放到介词except后,所 以是宾语从句,从句中不缺少句子成分,也没有

语义的丢失。)

I will go to the farm on which I will work with
the farmers for two years.

我要去农场,在那儿我要和农民们一起劳动两
年。 (the farm可以放入到介词on后,再代入从句中,可 以放在地点状语的位置,所以是定语从句,指物, 用which。)

活用 用恰当的连接词或关系词填空 (1) I often go out for a walk after dinner every day

when except ______ it was raining. (2) I'll never forget the days in ______ we worked which
together.

②The old bridge isn't strong enough to allow the passage of heavy vehicles. (P20) 这座古桥不够结实不允许重型车辆通过。
本句含有not…enough to do sth.句式,表达 “不够……而不能……”的语义。有时还可以用 “not…enough for…”表达。 The kid is not old enough to go to school. 这个小孩年龄不够大而不能上学。

温馨提示 在形成can't / never…enough句式时,我们要特 别注意对它的语义理解。它所表达的意思是:“怎 么样都不为过”或“越……越好”。

One can't be careful enough.
一个人怎么小心都不为过。(越认真越好。)

③ …it is well-known that Americans like to eat a lot. ……众所周知美国人就喜欢大吃大喝。

这是It is + v.-ed + that…所构成的主语从 句句式。it是形式主语,that-clause是真正的主语。 由于主语从句太长,为了避免头重脚轻现象而采 取的修辞手段。it只能用it,不能用其他代词; that不可省略,也不是固定不变的,它要依据从 句中缺少的句子成分加以变化。

It is known that he is the top student in our class.
众所周知他是我们班出类拔萃的学生。

It is unknown what he is murmuring.
没人知道他嘟哝着什么。

It's suggested that the meeting (should) be put off on
account of the heavy rain. 有人建议由于这场大雨而推迟会议。

短语 It is said that… 据说……

It is reported that…
It is announced that…

据报道……
据宣称……

It is suggested that…

有人建议…… [注意从句要

用虚拟语气,其形式是(should) do sth.]

温馨提示 要注意另外的两个相似句式: As is + v.-ed, …

What is + v.-ed is that…
As is reported, there are 12 persons killed in the

traffic accident, including a ten-month baby.
What's reported is that there are 12 persons killed in the traffic accident, including a ten-month baby.

活用 单项填空 D (1) ______ is known to the world is ______ Mark Twain is a great American writer. A. It; that B. What; / C. As; / D. What; that 解析 在第二个is之前是一个主语从句。主语从 句中所缺少的是主语,指事,所以用what。第二 个空在is之后是表语从句,从句中不缺少成分, 也没有语义的丢失,所以用that,因此答案是D。

活用 单项填空

A (2) ______ has been announced, we must hand in
our graduation papers before the end of June.

A. As

B. It

C. Which D. What 解析 本题的语义是:正如所宣布的那样,我们 在6月底之前必须交论文。依据“两句话之间没句 号,必须有连接词”的原则,排除B; 根据语境, 能代替we must hand in our graduation papers before the end of June应是一个非限制性定语从句, 在句首时,只能用as,所以答案是A。

④Well, that?s very kind of you. (教材P22) 噢,那就太谢谢您啦。 在交际英语中,这往往被用来向别人对你 的好意表示感谢的用语。它的回应是It's a /my pleasure. / My pleasure. 在这里要注意that 的使 用。因为它所代表的是上文所做的事情,所以 它往往要用that而不用it。 it是形式主语,它所 代表的是to do sth. 。

— You have given me so much help. That's very

kind of you.
— My pleasure. It's very kind of you to help me. You have given me so much help, which is very kind of you.

⑤…please forget it. (P22) ……请把它忘了吧。/……就别想那件事啦。 这是交际英语中常用的一句话。表示不要再 想着说过的话或做过的事情。 — I'd like to take a week's holiday. ——我想度一周的假。

— Forget it, we're too busy.
——别提那档事啦。我们太忙了。

温馨提示 Don't mention it. 通常用在对感谢或道歉的交 际活动中。有着“区区小事,何足挂齿”之意。 — Thank you for having given me so much help.

——谢谢您给了我那么多的帮助。
— Don't mention it.

——区区小事,何足挂齿。

有的学生在作文中使用过多简单句,成了简
单句堆砌;有的写复杂句时,动辄用so, and, then,but,or,however,yet等,非但达不到丰 富表达方式的目的,反而使句子结构松散、呆板。

为了避免这种现象,可以通过使用一些表示 从属关系的连接词,如 who, which, that, because, since, although, after, as, before, when, whenever, if, unless, as if等利用复合句来丰富句型,同时还 能够把思想表达得更清楚,意义更连贯。在应试 写作时,应尽可能地运用复合句以使文章更有逻 辑性,同时也提高了文章的档次。如:

例题1:Natural resources are very limited. They will be exhausted in the near future. It is not true.

But it becomes a major concern around the
world. This is a widely accepted fact. 解析 这段文字用简单句表达,它们之间内在的 逻辑关系含糊不清,意思支离破碎。如果使用 连接词,将简单句与其前后合并,形成主次关 系,就把一个比较复杂的内容和关系表达得层 次清楚、结构严谨。

例题1:Natural resources are very limited. They will be exhausted in the near future. It is not true.

But it becomes a major concern around the
world. This is a widely accepted fact. 改写 It is a widely accepted fact that there is a major concern around the world for the exhaustion of limited natural resources in the near future, though it is unlikely to be true.

例题2: The Mississippi River is one of the longest rivers in the world,and in springtime it

often overflows its banks,and the lives of many
people are endangered.

解析 此句用and把3个分句一贯到底,单调乏 味。如果使用了关系代词which,语义就会更连 贯,语言也会更流畅。

例题2: The Mississippi River is one of the longest rivers in the world,and in springtime it

often overflows its banks,and the lives of many
people are endangered.

改写 The Mississippi River, which is one of the longest rivers in the world, often overflows its banks in springtime, endangering the lives of many people.

此外,要写好复合句,一定要注意所写复合 句符合英语句子结构的特点及复合句中句子成分的 完整。 如“听到喊声,他跑出了屋子。”如果一一对译, 则容易误译为: When heard the cry, he ran out of the house. 从句与简单句一样,须讲究句子结构的完整 性。在when heard…中,很明显,缺少主语,需在 when后加上he,或者将heard改为hearing。

活用 一、用适当的连词填空 1. I am very interested in ______ he has improved his how pronunciation in such a short time. that 2. The fact _____ she had not said anything at the meeting surprised everybody. unless 3. You'll miss the train ______ you hurry up. 4. Because of my poor memory, all ______ you told me that has been forgotten. 5. _____ you have done might do harm to other people. What

活用

二、把下列每组句子转换成复合句

1. This is our only request. This problem should be
settled as soon as possible.

2. I have spare time. I will go to see you.
3. You study hard. You will pass the exam. (only if) 4. All his friends came to the party. This made Tom pleased.

答案
1. This is our only request that this problem should be settled as soon as possible. 2. If I have spare time, I will go to see you. 3. Only if you study hard will you pass the exam.

4. All his friends came to the party, which made
Tom pleased.

活用

三、根据括号中的提示翻译下列句子

1. 只要我们不失去信心,我们就会找到克服困难的

方法。(状语从句)
2. 成功属于那些努力工作的人。(定语从句) 3. 据报道这个国家三分之一的城市缺水。(主语从句) 4. 所有的这些都表明,我们的国家越来越富强。(宾 语从句)

答案 1. As long as we don't lose heart, we'll find a way

to overcome the difficulty.
2. Success belongs to those who apply themselves to work. 3. It is reported that onethird of the cities in the country are short of water supply.

4. All these show that our country is becoming
stronger and stronger.






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