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2014届高三英语专题复习课件:非谓语动词作状语



高考曾经这样考过:
1.---Did the book give the information you needed? --Yes ,But _____it, I had the entire book.(08,全国) A. find B.to find C. to be finding D. finding 2. We often provide our children with toys, footballs or baskets,______ that all children like these things.(06,全国) A.thinking B. think C. to think D. thought

3.No matter how frequently _____, the works of Beethoven (贝多芬)still attract people over the world.(06,广东) A. Performed B. performing

C. to be performed

D. being performed

zxxk

To-infinitive

Verb-ing form
Verb-ed form

as adverb

非谓语动词使用条件 一个句子当中,已经存在一个主句(谓语动词), 又没有连词的情况下, 还有别的动词出现时。 She got off the bus, leaving her handbag on her seat. She got off the bus, but left her handbag on her seat.

非谓语动词的句法功能

学科网

种类与作用


用 种类

主 宾 表 定状 补 语 语 语 语语 语

不定式 动名词 分词

形式与构型
不定式 一般式 进行式 完成式 动名词 一般式 完成式
Z.X.X.K

主动形式 to do to be doing to have done 主动形式 doing

被动形式 to be done to have been done 被动形式 being done

having made having been made

一.不定式作状语
1.一般作目的状语,常用结构为to do ,only to do(仅仅 为),in order to ,so as to (不放在句首), so(such) …as to …(如此……以便……)

He sat down to have a rest They went there to visit their teacher I come here only to say good-bye to you.

2.作结果状语,表示没有预料到的或事 与愿违的结果,不定式要放在后面。 He lived to be a very old man.他活得很长。
? ? ? ? ? ? 不定式作结果状语的常用结构: A.Never to do (表示再也没有) In 1935 he left home never to return. B.so+形容词(副词)+as to…. The house is so high and narrow as to resemble a tower. .

C. Only to … 竟然……(表示与预料 相反的结果)现在分词作状语则表示 自然而然的在意料之中的结果。
He searched the room only to find nothing. The storm left, causing much damage. D.形容词(或副词)+enough to …够,足以。 The room is big enough to hold a hundred people

(3)表示原因 I am glad to see you (4)表示理由和条件 You will do well to speak more carefully. 你若更加仔细,你一定会做好。

二、-ing形式作状语 -ing短语在句子中可作状语,来修饰谓 语动词或整个句子,表示动作发生的时 间、原因、条件、结果、让步或伴随等

情况。-ing短语作状语一般表示一个次
要的动作, 一般都可以变为相应的状

语从句或并列句。

1. 作时间状语 -ing短语作时间状语要置于句首。如: Hearing the bad news, they couldn’t help crying. =When they heard the bad news, they couldn’t help crying. 当听到这个不幸的消息时,他们情不自 禁地哭了起来。

Having received his letter, I decided to write back. =After I had received his letter, I decided to write back.

收到他的信后,我决定给他回信。
2. 作原因状语

-ing短语作原因状语置于句首。如:
Being so angry, he couldn’t go to sleep.

=Because he was so angry, he couldn’t go to sleep. 因为太生气了,他不能入睡。 Having been to the Great Wall many times, he didn’t go last week. =Because (As) he had been to the Great Wall many times, he didn’t go last week. 因为他已经去过长城许多次,上周他就 没去。

3. 作条件状语
-ing作条件状语置于句首或句末。如:

Working hard, you will succeed.
=If you work hard, you will succeed.

如果你勤奋一点,你就会成功。
Being given more attention, the trees

could have grown better.

=If they had been given more attention, the trees could have grown better. 如果对这些树再多注意些,它们可 能长得更好。 4. 作让步状语 -ing短语作让步状语,可置于句首或 句末,常与even if, though 连用。如:

Though working from morning till night, his father didn’t get enough food. =Although his father worked from morning till night, he didn’t get enough food.

虽然他父亲从早到晚拼命地干活,但是
他还是挣不到足够的吃的。

5. 作伴随状语
置于句首或句末。如:

They came into the classroom, singing
and laughing.

=They sang and laughed; they came
into the classroom.

他们又唱又笑地走进教室。

注意:

1. -ing短语与when, while, though,
until, if等连词连用时,相当于这些 连词引导的一个从句。如: When working in the factory, he was an advanced worker. =When he worked in the factory, he was an advanced worker.

Though willing to attend the party, he

refused the invitation.
=Though he was willing to attend the

party, he refused the invitation.
While staying in Beijing, he came to see

me twice.
=While he was staying in Beijing, he

came to see me twice.

If playing all day, you will waste

your valuable time.
=If you play all day, you will waste your valuable time. Though raining heavily, it cleared up very soon. =Though it was raining heavily, it cleared up very soon.

2. 动词-ing形式在句中作状语时,其逻
辑主语与主句的主语保持一致。如: He traveled on the plane like this, keeping the tortoise hidden in a blanket. = When he traveled on the plane like this, he kept the tortoise hidden in a

blanket.

1.When he was walking along the street, he met his old friend .(时间状语) Walking along the street, he met his old friend. 2.Because she hadn’t received his reply, she decided to write a second letter .(原因) Not having received his reply, she decided to write a second a letter. .(条件) 3 If you see it from the top of the hill, you will find the city more beautiful Seeing from the top of the hill, you will find the city more beautiful.

4.All the students sat in the classroom, and they were waiting for their new English teacher. (伴随) All the students sat in the classroom, waiting for their new English teacher. 5.My parents went to the park yesterday, and they left me alone at home. (结果)

My parents went to the park yesterday, leaving me alone at home.

二 过去分词作状语时可表示时间、原因、条件、 伴随和结果。也可以改为相应的从句或并列句。 If I am given good health,I hope to finish the work this year. Given good health, I hope to finish the work this year. 注意:在when, while, if, as if, though, as, until, once, whether, unless, where等连词连接的状语从 句中,常省略跟主句相同的主语和be动词,形成 分词短语。 When treated with kindness, he was very lovely.

过去分词或分词短语作状语 相当于状语从句, 表示时间、原因、条件: 1.When he was questioned, he kept silent. questioned he kept silent. ?When____________, 2.Because she was shocked by the article, she wrote a letter to the newspaper. Shocked ? _______ by the article, she wrote a letter to … 3.Because he was lost in thought, he ran into the car in front of him. ?_______in thought, he ran into … Lost 4. If he is given more time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player. Given ?______(give) more time, he’ll make a first-class

Choose the correct sentence.
1. a. Hearing the news, tears ran down her face. b. Hearing the news, she cried out sadly. 2. a. Entering the classroom, I found nobody in it. b. Entering the classroom, nobody was found in it.

3. a. Looking out through the window, the garden was beautiful. b. Looking out through the window, we saw a beautiful garden. 4. a. Reading the evening newspaper, a dog started barking. b. I was reading the evening newspaper when a dog started barking.

Fill in the blanks ,using the correct forms .
To catch the first bus 为了赶上早班车)they 1.________________( went out in a hurry.
Having suffered from heart trouble for many years

2._______________________(患心脏病多 年),Professor White has to take some medicine with him wherever ha goes.
finding it was broken

3.He dropped the glass, ________(发现它坏了) 4.He dropped the glass,________________ (结果发现它未坏。)
(only) to find it was all right

高考链接:
1.________ twice , the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we changed our dog.(09,北京) A. Being bitten B. Bitten C. Having bitten D. To be bitten

2.A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city,_________ all four people on board.(09,上海) A。Killed B. killing c. kills D. to kill

4.______,you need to give all you have and try your best. (09,辽宁) A. Being a winner B. To be a winner C. Be a winner D. Having been a winner

5..With Father’s Day around the corner, I have taken
some money out of the bank_______ presents for my dad. (10,全国) A. buy B. to buy C. buying D. to have bought 6.The retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the earthquake in Yushu,______ the students to return to their classroom. (10,江苏) A. enabling C. to enable B. having enabled D. to have enabled

Read this conversation and change the highlighted sentences into verb-ing clauses.
James Long: Well, (1) after I listened carefully to you two, I was surprised that you agreed with each other.

Having listened carefully to you two, I was surprised that you agreed with each other.

Qian Liwei: (2) When I look back, I find I didn’t like some of the questions the audience asked though. It was as if people were not listening. Lin Shuiqing: I think the audience was interested in what you said. I liked it when you told that Looking back, I find I didn’t like some of the questions the audience asked though.

joke. I heard the audience laughing. I think they really liked you after that. (3)When I heard what you said about the environment and the economy needing to work together more, I was very impressed. Hearing what you said about the environment and the economy needing to work together more, I was very impressed.

Homework :
Do exercises about V-ed,V-ing


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