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Unit Four Non –finites
1) concepts of non-finites (1) Function Subject to do -ing -ed



Object complement



2) Exercises 1. (09 安徽 28) The play next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture. A. produced B. being produced C. to be produced D. having been produced 2. For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit _____ on his own farm. A. grown B. being grown C. to be grown D. to grow K



3. The way the guests _____ in the hotel influenced their evaluation of the service A. treated B. were treated C. would treat D. would be treated 4. All of them try to use the power of the workstation ___ information in a more effective way. A. presenting B. presented C. being presented D. to present 5. ___ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog. A. Being bitten B. Bitten C. Having bitten D. To be bitten 6. not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry. A. Reminding B. Reminded C. To remind D. Having reminded 7. In April, 2009, President Hu inspected the warships in Qingdao, the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy. A. marking B. marked C. having marked D. being marked 8. When he the door, he found his keys were nowhere. A. would open B. opened C. had opened D. was to open 9.(09 湖南 25) At the age of 29, Dave was a worker, in a small apartment near Boston and ______ what to do about his future. A. living; wondering B. lived; wondering C. lived; wondered D. living; wondered 10. Nowadays people sometimes separate their waste to make it easier for it . A. reusing B. reused C. reuses D. to be reused 11. Please do me a favor — ______ my friend Mr. Smith to Youth Theater at 7:30 tonight. A. to invite B. inviting C. invite D. invited 12. _________ the right kind of training , these teenage soccer players may one day grew the international stars. A. Giving B. Having given C. To give D. Given 13. The government plans to bring in new laws _____ parents to take more responsibility for the education of their children. A. forced B. forcing C. to be forced D. having forced 14 The children all turned the famous actress as she entered the classroom. A. looked at B. to look at C. to looking at D. look at 15. Now that we’ve discussed out problem, are people happy with the decisions ? A. taking B. take C. taken D. to take 16. We are invited to a party _________in our club next Friday. A. to be held B. held C. being held D. holding 17. I still remember to the Famen Temple and what I saw there. A. to take B. to be taken C. taking D. being taken 18. (09 上海 31) A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, _____all four people on board. A. killed B. killing C. kills D. to kill 19. With the government’s aid, those _____ by the earthquake have moved to the new settlements. A. affect B. affecting C. affected D. were affected 20. Bill suggested _____ a meeting on what to do for the Shanghai Expo during the vacation. A. having held B. to hold C. holding D. hold 21. David threatened his neighbour to the police if the damages were not paid. A. to be reported B. reporting C. to report D. having reported



22. Ladies and gentlemen, please remain __________ until the plane has come to a complete stop. A. seated B. seating C. to seat D. seat 23. He told us whether _________ a picnic was still under discussion A. to have B. having C. have D. had 24 ________ many times, he finally understood it. A. Told B. Telling C. Having told D. Having been told 25. ______ the project in time, the staff were working at weekends. A. Competing B. Having completed C. To have completed D. To complete 26. _____ by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. A. Being encouraged B. Encouraging C. Encouraged D. Having encouraged 27. _______and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of Mount Tai. A. the; a B. Tired C. Tiring D. Being tired 28. There is a great deal of evidence ____that music activities engage different parts of the brain. A. indicate B. indicating C. to indicate D. to be indicating 29. Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, ______with his old one. A. comparing B. compares C. to compare D. compared 30. With the world changing fast, we have something new with all by ourselves every day. A. deal B. dealt C. to deal D. dealing 3) Readings (1) I’m studying in a private school and I’m not the best or brightest student. Sometimes my grades get me __21__. Today I had my history 22 . But unfortunately I got up late. Rushing to the 23 , I thought I would get to school more than 10 minutes late. As the train pulled out, I began to do some last-minute review, just checking over my 24 . As soon as the train arrived, I packed my stuff and ran off. I passed just one other person as I was __25__ for the stairs. It was a lady, with a baby stroller. Her __26___ must have been only a couple months old. While running down the 27 , I thought to myself, “A few more 28 couldn’t hurt, anyway.” So I went back to the top of the stairs and asked the lady if she wanted some 29 . She thanked me and saw that I must have been in a rush. I was, 30 I said it was no real 31 and I was just a little late for an exam. I helped them to the 32 of the a baby stroller stairs and then ran across the street to my school. I had 33 that my classmates would have 34 and that I would probably be in 35 . But to my surprise, the exam had been delayed. I quickly went to get my paper. Soon we started the __36_. History isn’t my best subject __37__ for some reason this test seemed quite 38 . I felt pretty good while I wrote down my answers. To be honest, I don’t know if it is just 39 or somehow I was 40 for that simple act. I’m just glad I helped a stranger when I could. 21. A. up B. away C. down D. into

22. A. exam 23. A. bus 24. A. seat 25. A. walking 26. A. son 27. A. stairs 28. A. mistakes 29. A. help 30. A. so 31. A. sense 32. A. top 33. A. thought 34. A. left 35. A. need 36. A. class 37. A. and 38. A. boring 39. A. courage 40. A. recognized B. class B. train B. bag B. running B. daughter B. hills B. chances B. money B. but B. excuse B. middle B. realized B. started B. time B. test B. or B. formal B. mood B. remembered C. work C. taxi C. ticket C. waving C. boy C. walls C. minutes C. advice C. and C. problem C. left C. learned C. agreed C. anger C. experiment C. but C. easy C. luck C. respected

D. play D. boat D. textbook D. stepping D. child D. streets D. stories D. information D. for D. possibility D. bottom D. hoped D. followed D. trouble D. project D. so D. short D. belief D. rewarded

(2) Laughter, along with an active sense of humor, may help protect you__41__ a heart attack, according to a new study by cardiologists(心脏病学家)at the University of Maryland Medical Center in Baltimore. The study, 42 is the first to indicate that laughter may help prevent heart disease, was presented at the American Heart Association's 73rd Scientific Sessions on November 15 in New Orleans. The researchers found that people 43 heart disease were forty percent less likely to laugh in a variety of situations compared to people of the same age without heart disease. In the study, researchers compared the humor responses of 300 people. Half of the participants had _44___suffered a heart attack or had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery. The 45 150 were healthy, age-matched participants who did not have heart disease. The study shows people with heart disease were 46 likely to recognize humor or use it to get out of uncomfortable situations. They generally laughed less, even in positive situations and they displayed more anger 47 hostility(敌意). "The ability to laugh -- either naturally or as learned behavior may have important implications in societies such as the U.S. where heart disease remains the number one killer," says Dr. Miller. "We know that exercising, not smoking and eating foods low 48 fat will reduce the risk of heart disease. Perhaps regular, hearty laughter should be added to the list." Dr. Miller says 49 may be possible to incorporate laugher into our daily activities, just as we do with other heart-healthy activities, such 50 taking the stairs instead of the elevator. "We could perhaps read something humorous or watch a funny video and try to find ways to take ourselves less seriously," Dr. Miller says. "The recommendation for a healthy heart may one day be -- exercise, eat right and laugh a few times a day." (3) Quality after-school programs are designed to improve academic performance, decrease youth



crimes and other high-risk behaviors, and help young people grow into healthy, successful adults. The effect of quality after-school programs on academic performance is clear. Studies show that students who take part in such programs show better work habits, higher rates of homework completion, improved grades, and higher scores on achievement tests. They also have fewer absences and are less likely to blame. After-school programs also influence high-risk teen behavior. Various studies show decreased rates of crime, drug use, and teen sex among youth who join in well-run after-school programs when compared to similar youth who do not. Finally, after-school programs play an important role in supporting the following fields of development: physical development, mental development and social development. Thus, one can safely say that after-school programming is an effective method to help young people become contributing members of society. Although there is enough proof from both small and large assessments that after-school programs can make a positive difference, it is important to note that not all programs are equal. First, dosage (时量) matters -- young people who attend the most hours over the most years benefit more than members who attend less often or over a shorter period of time. Next, after-school programs make a bigger difference for those students who need help most and have the fewest choices. Finally, program qualities matter. After-school programs work best when they create unique opportunities for youth. They should provide opportunities for positive relationships, skill building, meaningful involvement (参入), expression, suggestion, service, and work. Staff characteristics make an important difference in the quality of a program. The adults should treat youth as partners, create safe and fair environments, encourage personalized ( 个 性 化 的 ) involvement, and actively create learning opportunities. In short, although after-school programs have promising future, how they are designed and run matters. Title: _51______________________ ___ ·improving academic performance 52. _____ ·53. and high-risk behaviors ·helping young people grow into healthy, successful adults 54._________________________


·better work habits ·higher rates of homework completion ___ ·improved grades and higher scores ·fewer absences and 55.__________
Decreased high-risk teen behaviors


· helping young
people become contributing members of society

______ Effects -―― — _____ ____ ︱ ︱ 59. _____

·decreased rates of crime,56._____
and teen sex among youth 57. __________________. ___

·physical development ·mental development ·social development

_ ___ ___ ·dosage


·60.__________ ·quality

____ ____ Conclusion

·How to design and run the
program is very important.




Boys are better at math and science; girls are better at language. Men are more competitive; women are more cautious. Are these statements true? Scientists have considered them for generations, but not until recently have they been able to reach some dramatic conclusions. To begin with, the male brain is about ten percent larger than the female brain. This might lead one to conclude that males are more intelligent. Meanwhile, it is also found that female brains have a larger surface area of the corpus callosum. This network of nerves is responsible for connecting the two sides of the brain. This allows the more emotional right side to “talk” to the more logical left side of the brain. Then, one might think women are more intelligent. But these are not the case. IQ tests show, for the most part, that men and women perform equally in all fields. There is also the question of gray and white matter. The highly developed areas of the brain are responsible for fine-tuning the five senses. According to physician and psychologist Leonard Sax, males and females use their senses for different purposes. For example, they would most likely view a landscape differently. “A woman will remember the color of a particular plant and be able to warn people that it’s dangerous,” he says. “A man looking at the same thing will pay more attention to what is moving. Which is better?” he asks. “You need both.” The rate at which the brain matures (发育) also plays a role in the brain’s development. The size of the female brain peaks (reaches the highest level) at around eleven-and-a-half years old; for the male brain, it usually peaks three years later. Therefore, girls are better able to communicate and recognize familiar faces at an earlier age than boys. However, certain areas in the brain concerned with mechanical and spatial reasoning mature more quickly in boys. With these findings, it would only be natural to conclude that men should choose careers in the fields of science, while women should choose those where their social and language skills can best be used. But this conclusion would not be completely correct. Scientists have also found that the brain is complex. It responds favorably to encouragement and high expectations. In the 1800s the fields of physics, astronomy, and chemistry were considered subjects for girls, and they did better than boys in these subjects. Today, at least fifty percent of those receiving a college degree in chemistry or biology are women in the United States. The discussion continues, and questions remain: Is it biological nature that causes people to behave in a certain way? Which of the two sexes is the more intelligent? In spite of all the new findings in brain research, these questions will undoubtedly remain unanswered for quite some time. 61. What can we learn from the passage? A. The size of the brain determines the intelligence of a person. B. Encouragement and expectations can influence one’s performances. C. The developing rate of the brain indicates men are better at science. D. Women use their senses differently from men to show their specialty. 62. How does the author try to prove his point? A. By giving evidence. B. By providing concepts. C. By analyzing the causes. D. By doing an experiment. 63. Which of the following shows how the idea is developed?




I: Introduction P: Point Sp: Sub-point (次要点) C: Conclusion 64. Which is the best title for the passage? A. Know Your Brain, Know Your Future. B. More Research, Better Understanding of Your Brain. C. Male and Female Brains: Are They Different? D. The Function of Male and Female Brains 65. Which of the following statements is Not true according to the passage? A. What is certain is that biological nature causes people to behave in a certain way. B. Males’ brain matures later than female’s. C. The findings about the male’s and female’s brains are helpful for us to choose careers. D. The new findings in the field of brain research doesn’t mean the end of the questions about different qualities between men and women. (5) Robin McLaren Williams is a multi-award-winning American actor and comedian who was born in Chicago, Illinois and raised in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. He first achieved notice for his stand-up routines in San Francisco. Garry Marshall cast him as the alien Mork in a guest star part in Happy Days that was so popular it led to his own television series, Mork and Mindy, which ran from 1978 to 1982. The majority of his acting career has been for cinema, although he has made some memorable performances on stage as well Williams' is known for his wild improvising skills and impersonations(模仿). He is a talented mimic(模仿者) and can jump in and out of characters at an extremely fast pace. His comic style is a major influence on late night talk show host/comedian Conan O'Brien. Williams states that he began doing impersonations as a child mimicking the Southern accent of his aunt. Robin Williams and his wife Marsha Garces Williams founded the Windfall Foundation, a philanthropic(慈善的) organization to raise money for many different charities. Robin Williams devotes much of his energy to doing work for charities, including the Comic Relief fund-raising efforts. Watching his frantic mannerisms and immediate changes in personality, some have speculated that Williams is affected by bipolar disorder(躁郁症), but this has never been confirmed. A more likely explanation for his remarkable creativity and intense impulsive humor may be the reason that he is often referred to as "the poster child for ADD," though this statement is often said with a sarcastic edge. In a 2005 poll to find The Comedian's Comedian, he was voted amongst the top 50 comedians by fellow comedians and comedy insiders. 66. What is Robin Williams best known talent as a comedian? ( No more than 7 words) 67. What does Robin Williams devote much energy to? ( No more than 5 words) 68. . Who voted him as one of the 50 top comedians? ( No more than 6 words) 69. How long did the television series Mork & Mindy last? ( No more than 2 words)




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