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【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第1节 情态动词和虚拟语气 Word版含解析]


1.—He looks very hot and dry. —So ______ if you had a temperature of 103. A. would you B. will you C. would you have been D. do you 【解析】A 句意:——他看起来很热,很渴。——如果你发烧到 103(华氏)度,你也 会 这样 的。根 据句 意可知 ,

这 是一个 与现在 事实 相反 的假设 ,主句 可使 用 “ 主语+ would/could/might+动词原形”形式, 故选择 A 项。 “so+助动词/情态动词/系动词+主语” 意为“……也一样”。 2.—Jack, turn off the TV! Isn't it high time that you ______ John's birthday party? —I get it, mom! A. must leave for B. will leave for C. left for D. is leaving for 【解析】C 句意:——杰克,关掉电视!难道你不该去参加约翰的生日聚会了?—— 知道了,妈妈。“It+is+(high/about)time+(that)+主语+过去式/should do/be”是个常用句 型,意为“到……的时候,应该……”。 3.It is beyond my understanding that many adults ______ be so crazy about Harry Potter series. A. will B. can C. may D. should 【解析】D 句意:很多成年人居然对哈利· 波特系列这么上瘾,对此我不能理解。这 里用 should 表示“居然,竟然”。其他选项都没有这个含义。 4.I'm as busy as a bee;______ you bother me with so many questions now? A. may B. must C. can D. shall 【解析】B 句意:我忙得不可开交;为什么你偏要现在拿这么多的问题来打扰我呢? must 表示与说话人相反的愿望或语气不耐烦,意为“偏偏,偏要”。 5.The school recommends parents ______ their children to swim in rivers or lakes during summer holidays. A. not permit B. do not permit C. mustn't permit D. couldn't permit 【解析】 A 句意: 学校建议家长在暑假期间不允许孩子在河里或湖里游泳。 recommend 后的宾语从句用虚拟语气 should not permit,而 should 可以省略。 6.The job required ______ did it ______ careful and brave enough. A. who; you B. whom; was C. whomever; were D. whoever; be 【解析】D 句意:这项工作要求任何一个做这项工作的人必须足够地胆大心细。第一 个空格处既要引导宾语从句还要作从句的主语,需要使用 whoever;英语中的某些动词,如 require, suggest, advise, request, propose 等的后面接宾语从句时, 从句要使用“(should)do /be done/be”形式,故选择 D 项。 7.It's too bad that I failed in the math exam. If only I ______ hard at it! A. worked B. had worked C. has worked D. would work 【解析】B 句意:我数学考试不及格,这真是太糟糕了;要是我之前努力学习了该多 好。if only 意为“要是……多好”,它后面的从句要用虚拟语气。根据句意可知,此处是与

过去事实相反的假设,要使用过去完成时。 8.A survey has shown that 40% of those killed in traffic accidents ______ if they had been wearing seat belts. A. should have been saved B. must have been saved C. need have been saved D. could have been saved 【解析】D 句意:一份调查已经显示在交通事故中 40%的死亡人员本来能够被救的, 如果他们之前一直系着安全带的话。 could have done 本来能够……; should have done 本该做 而实际上没有做;must have done 想必是,一定是;need have done 本来需要做而实际未做。 9.You ______ make mistakes, but that is the way you learn how things work and how to mend them. A. may B. must C. need D. will 【解析】A 句意:你可以犯错误,但那也是你了解事情是如何发展和应该如何补救的 方法。考查 may 表示“可以”。 10.Suppose you could go camping this weekend, how ______ you feel? A. will B. would C. can D. do 【解析】B 句意:假设你本周末去野营,你会是怎样的感觉?suppose 引导的从句相 当于 if 引导的条件状语从句,句子中的主、从句皆与将来事实相反,故主句谓语动词应为: would/should/could/might+动词原形。 11.—This city is a dull place to live in. —How surprising that you ______ think so! I love it very much. A. shall B. must C. might D. should 【解析】D 句意:——住在这个城市真无聊。——你竟然这么想,真叫人吃惊!我很 喜欢它。本题考查情态动词。should 用在某些形容词(important,necessary,natural 等)之后 的 that 从句中,意为:竟然,表示惊讶的语气。 12.—Tom is still unhappy today. —It's all your fault. You ______ to him yesterday for your mindless mistake. A. should apologize B. should have apologized C. shouldn't have apologized D. must apologize 【解析】B 句意:——汤姆今天还不高兴。——都怪你。你昨天本应该为你愚蠢的错 误道歉。B:过去本该做却未做;A、D:指现在或将来;C:过去本不该做却做了。 13.My demand is that the information referred to in my report ______ to Mr. Brown without delay. A. to be emailed B. emailed C. be emailed D. being emailed 【解析】C 句意:我的要求是,我报告中提到的信息要立刻通过电子邮件发给布朗先 生。英语中的某些名词,如 demand,request,requirement,suggestion,advice,proposal 等 的后面接同位语从句或表语从句时,从句中要使用虚拟语气,即“(should)do/be done”形式。 14.I'd rather ______ rudely to her yesterday. A. you not speak B. you not speaking C. you didn't speak D. you hadn't spoken

【解析】D 句意:我宁愿你昨天没有那么粗鲁地与她说话。would rather 后的宾语从 句需要使用虚拟语气。本题中的 yesterday 说明此题要使用与过去事实相反的假设,即从句 使用过去完成时。 15.They were offered two free tickets to the USA. Otherwise, they ______ able to afford to go. A. had never been B. have never been C. would never be D. would never have been 【解析】D 句意:有人给他们提供了两张去美国的免费机票。否则,他们将永远不能 负担得起去美国(的开支)。 根据句意和 They were offered…可知 Otherwise 实际指代的条件状 语从句是 If they hadn't been offered two free tickets to the USA; 题干中涉及的是与过去事实相 反的假设,主句要使用 would/could/should/might have done。 16.You could understand what he is referring to if you ______ his lecture yesterday. A. attended B. had attended C. have attended D. would have attended 【解析】B 句意:如果你昨天听了他的演讲的话,你就能理解他正在指的是什么了。 根据句意可知,题干中涉及的是与过去事实相反的假设,故使用过去完成时态。 17.How I wish I ______ in medicine instead of history when I was at college! A. had majored B. should major C. majored D. would majored 【解析】A 句意:我是多么希望在上大学时我选择了主修医学而不是主修历史!题干 中 wish 后表示的是与过去事实相反的假设,故使用过去完成时态。 18.It is important to know about the cultural differences that ______ cause problems. A. must B. dare C. may D. shall 【解析】C 句意:了解有可能会带来麻烦的文化差异是重要的。此处 may 表示不确定 的推测,意思是“有可能”。 19.—What kind of apartment do you want to rent? A large one, Mr. Smith? —Eh, it ______ be a large one, as my family is not large. A. wouldn't B. needn't C. shouldn't D. can't 【解析】B 句意:——你想租一套什么样的公寓,Smith 先生?一套大的吗?——哦, 没有必要,因为我家的人不多。根据答语中 as my family is not large 的提示可知,答话人觉 得没有必要租一套大公寓,故用 needn't。 20.I just ______ get it into my little son's head how important it is to be honest. A. mustn't B. won't C. can't D. needn't 【解析】 C 句意:我无法让我的小儿子明白诚实的重要性。 get…into one's head = understand,表示“明白”。can't“不能,不会”。 21.She would always be an outside here, no matter how much she ______ try. A. could B. must C. might D. need 【解析】C 句意:不管她如何努力,她在这里总是一个局外人。might 表示“可能”, 符合题意。 22.—I wonder why Mr. Green hasn't showed up at the meeting yet. —I'm not sure, but he ______ in a traffic jam driving here.

A. must be stuck B. might have stuck C. might have been stuck D. must have stuck 【解析】C 句意:——我想知道为什么格林先生为什么还没到会场。——我不确定, 但他可能开车来时遇上交通受阻了。根据句意可知,主语 he 与谓语动词 stick 之间为被动关 系,需要被动语态,故排除 B 项和 D 项。A 项意为“肯定受阻”,C 项意为“也许受阻”。 根据题干 I'm not sure 可知,正确答案为 C 项。 23.—What are you doing, Mike? Be quick. —To be on the safe side, I'd bring some water, for the baby ______ feel thirsty on the way. A. must B. will C. might D. need 【解析】C 句意:——迈克,你在干什么?快点。——为了安全起见,我要带点水, 因为婴儿在路上可能会感到渴。 考查具体事情实际发生的可能性, 属于对将来的不确定的推 测。根据题意选用 might,表示“或许有这种可能性”。 24.______ the help from the doctor, the little boy ______ his life. A. Apart from; should have lost B. Without; could lose C. But for; would have lost D. Expect for; would have lost 【解析】C 句意:要不是有医生的帮忙,这个孩子早就丢了性命了。此题考查虚拟语 气用法。 apart from 除……外; without 如果没有……; but for 要不是……; except for 除了…… 之外。只有 without 和 but for 可以构成介词短语,代替条件状语从句表示虚拟语气,所以排 除 A、D。结合句意可知本题是对过去发生的事情进行虚拟,故主句应该用 would/should/could/might have+过去分词,所以 C 正确。 25.It is high time we ______ action to tackle the threat of climate change. A. took B. take C. will take D. have taken 【解析】A 句意:我们是时候采取行动来解决气候变化的威胁了。It is high time that… 后面跟的从句要使用虚拟语气,谓语动词要用过去式或用 should 加动词原形,但 should 不 可省略。 26.Thank you so much! But for your text message, I ______ home without my ID card this morning. A. would have left B. would leave C. had left D. left 【解析】A 句意:非常感谢!若不是你的短信,我今天早晨就会不带身份证离开家了。 根据 but for 及 this morning 可知,第二句是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,所以谓语动词形式 为 would have done;B 项用于与现在或将来事实相反的虚拟语气。 27.______ more effort into my training, that gold medal would have been mine. A. Had I put B. Should I put C. If I put D. If I should put 【解析】 A 句意: 我要是先前把更多的精力放在训练上, 那块金牌就有可能是我的了。 考查对过去发生的事情的假设(虚拟)。Had I put more effort into my training=If I had put more effort into my training。在虚拟语气中,可以省略 if,把 had,were,should 提到句首,形成 倒装。


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