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2013高考英语二轮复习 精品资料专题19 短文改错教学案(教师版)


2013 高考英语二轮复习 精品资料专题 19 短文改错教学案 (教师版)

【2013 高考考纲解读】

【重点知识整合】 解题步骤 1.通读全文,掌握大意 快速通读短文,要迅速把握短文的题材、中心思想与故事的时间、地点、原因、结果以 及人物关系等要素,并理清行文的时态、人物与逻辑等方面的问题。虽然短文改错是分行设 错的,但判断只能以句子

作为意义单位,做到行不离句,句不离文;孤立地在一词一句上寻 觅错误的“只见树木, 不见森林”的改错法很容易让人产生烦躁情绪, 影响解题效果。 因此, 我们必须坚持从整体到局部,再从局部到整体,把握全局,用整体理解去攻克词、句、篇上 的错误。 2.整句理解,逐行分析 这是最关键的一步。根据词法和句法知识,检查和判断错误所在。可逐行检查主谓、时 态、人称是否一致;关系词、代词使用是否正确;动词形式是否恰当;表达是否符合习惯用 法等,分析判断所述多个考查项目在句中的正误。 3.复读全文,检查验证

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将初步改错后的短文再次细读, 检查并验证所做的答案是否使全文语气连贯流畅, 行文 逻辑是否合乎情理,全篇结构是否严密完整,凡遇不通之处要进行细致的分析和推敲,以便 使答案更有把握。此时,若有一两个拿不准的,不可举棋不定,可以根据此项命题的特点, 运用错误类型的比例来做最后定夺。 解题方法 1.先易后难 在通读全文的过程中,可以将其中明显的冠词、固定搭配、主谓一致等拿得准的错误先 行改正,第一遍解决不了的,第二遍重点突破,不断缩小包围圈,并要兼顾四种命题类型在 历年高考中所占的比例。 若发现某种题型在改错中占的比例过大或过小, 便要重新推敲一下。 当然这种比例历年也有些微变化,并非绝对。 2.注意改错符号 教师讲课或教辅书由于时间和版面的限制, 在给出短文改错练习答案时可能不规范, 再 加上同学们平时做练习时规范化不够, 因而高考中可能出现仍按平时习惯, 用文字或用箭头 去表示改正方法的现象。 改错时,要严格按照高考要求来答题。高考试卷中每个大题前都写明了答题的要求,但 仍有不少学生不规范答题,白白丢了应得的分数。 主干知识整合 短文改错的错词现象与规律 短文改错的考点主要体现在以下几个方面: 命题角度 非谓语动词 解题思路 根据非谓语动词在句中的搭配、功能与表达的意义,判断在具体语境 中该使用谓语动词还是非谓语动词, 判断 to 是介词还是不定式的符号, 判断接带 to 还是不代 to 的不定式,根据语境和搭配判断使用非谓语 动词的什么形式 名词 从所有格、可数和不可数、单数还是复数的角度判断文章中名词的使 用是否正确,名词的数或格有没有错误 冠词 单数可数名词前要加冠词;不定冠词与定冠词的区别;固定短语中冠 词的使用 词语搭配 介词与动词、名词、形容词的搭配;副词与动词的搭配;固定句型及

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习惯搭配中小词的使用;动词短语中的介词搭配 词性的错误使用 词性错误使用的设置有: 用形容词做状语, 用副词做定语或表语, 或 本该用形容词却用名词做表语等 连接手段的错误 并列句、状语从句、名词从句、定语从句的连词是否正确;行文逻辑 方面 before 与 after、since 等的使用是否正确;如果是并列句,要 注意根据语境判断句子之间是转折、 并列、 选择、 递进还是让步关系, 从而选择正确的连词,是用 and 还是 but,或者用 or。 一致性 主谓是否一致(谓语动词的单、复数形式与主语保持一致),时态不一 致(动词的时态要与时间状语或上下文的时态保持一致)和代词的指 代不一致(主格与宾格,或人称混淆的错误) 平行结构 行文逻辑 平行结构常使用 and,but,or 或连词词组如 not only?but also, not?but?,either?or,neither?nor,as well as 等。注意根据 语境和前后的搭配判断该结构的正确与否 根据语境判断表示肯定还是否定含义,以及动作或时间顺序的先后 【2013 届云南师大附中月考】短文改错(满分 10 分) 假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误。每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 Welcome to Happy Restaurant! In our restaurant , you will enjoy a better taste and a better atmosphere. The cook, who are invited from Spain and Italy, brought us a lot of local food for the guests from different places. With a variety of delicious food choices, we strong believe that you will not have other food bought out of your restaurant. As you can see, all the guests enjoy the environment as well the tasty food because everybody doesn’t forget to talking in a low voice. We believe that a quieter place is a better place for you to taste the food . If you are interesting in the recipe of our dishes, our cooks are ready to ask your questions. The dinner sets are not one-time –used, but because you want to take anything in our restaurant for memory, please tell our waiters or waitresses. They are willing to help to you. 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。

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删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改十处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分(试题内容见答题卡)

【2013 届河北省五校联盟调研考试】二、短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。 请在有错误的地方增加、 删除或修改某个 单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下面画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

There are different train ticket for people to choose from when traveled by t r a i n .

They may want to buy a single ticket and a return ticket. A single ticket allows t h e m

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enjoy more freedom at their destination while a return one not only is cheaper but

also save them the trouble of buying the ticket when they decide to return. Some

people prefer hard seats to soft one. Young people like to have hard seats because

enjoy the company of other passengers is what they need during a journey.

Businessmen would not like to have soft seats. They want to have a good rest. When t h e y

get off the train, they were still energetic and can rapid go on to do their jobs.

【2013 届贵州遵义湄潭中学第三次月考】 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 I 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文. 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删 除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
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修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My brother Tom was very selfish when he was a little boy. He did not want share things with other people. For example,when he bought a chocolate cake, he put them in a secret place where I couldn’t find. Then he ate it all by himself. He never helped other. He said he is busy. That is, a game of tennis making him very busy. He did not care if something he did made people angrily. For instance, on one night he played strong and loudly music till four o’clock in the morning. But he is difference now. He often helps grandma with housework, helps mum with cooking and helps his classmates with their lessons.

4. 【答案】 other → others。 【解析】此处意为“别人”,所以改为 others; 【考点定位】考查代词的用法 5. 【答案】 busy 前的 is→ was。 【解析】根据句意此处应用一般过去时; 【考点定位】考查动词时态 6. 【答案】 making→ made。 【解析】此句却谓语,making 改为 made 作谓语; 【考点定位】考查句法结构 7. 【答案】 angrily→angry。

【解析】此处形容词 angry 作 make 的宾补; 【考点定位】考查形容词的用法 8. 【答案】 去掉 on。
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【解析】“一天晚上”应为 one night; 【考点定位】考查习惯表达 9. 【答案】 loudly→ loud。

【解析】此处形容词 loud 修饰名词 music; 【考点定位】考查形容词的用法 10. 【答案】 difference→ different。 【解析】此处形容词作表语; 【考点定位】考查形容词的用法 【2013 届辽宁省五校协作体高三联考】短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1。每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Our class recently has had a heated discussion about if the historic old buildings should be tear down. Opinions varies from one to another. Some students support the protection of those buildings so they are carriers of history through which the future generations can deep understand the development of our city. Beside, the historic old buildings can also arouse people’s love for the city. In the contrary, some other students think that the old buildings may hold back the development of economy and the process of modernization. It may affect the beauty of the city. As far I’m concerned, I approve of the former opinion. But if a building is worth of little, it may be proper to demolish(摧毁) it and make better use of that area. We should just weight the advantages and disadvantages.

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3.【答案】varies — vary 【解析】根据主语 opinions 可知,谓语动词用复数形式; 【考点定位】考查主谓一致

10.【答案】weight – weigh 【解析】此处 the advantages and disadvantages 作宾语,其前应为谓语动词,所以改成 weigh;
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【考点定位】考查动词作谓语的用法 【2013 届浙江省十校联合体高三上学期联考】短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 例如:It was very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you. Luckily I was This morning on my wa y to school I was dee p moved by what I sawam outside Completely free then, so I’ll to say “yes”. I’ll arrive in Bristol at around 8p.m. in Friday evening. a bank. An old man was counting his mo ney in the front of the bank . on Suddenly a This morning on my way to school I was deep moved by what I saw outside a bank. An old man was counting his money in the front of the bank. Suddenly a young man c ame running and knocked him dow n. To make thi ngs b ad, his money was l ying in all direction. At once the people around rush to pick the money up, while the old man stood t here, not know what to do. Surprisingl y, everyone gave back the m oney they had just p icked . The old man counte d the money again and found that not a single bill was missed. To my great joy, there are now a l ot of nic e people in your l if e. It’ s true what h onesty is more impor tant than money!

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【2013 届四川省成都外国语学校高三 11 月考】短文改错(共 10 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误只涉及到一个单词的增加、删 除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并且在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把 多余的词用(﹨)划掉。修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改后仅限一词; 2 只允许修改 10 处,多者从第十一处起不记分。 Most families in China hoped their single children will have a happy future, they are very strict with their children .So do teachers in schools! Many children are given so much homework that they have hardly any spare time have sports .The children are forbidden to do anything but to study. No wonder many a child are tired of lessons. Some even attack or kill his parents and teachers! I believe many people already read this kind of news in newspapers or magazines .Shouldn’t we draw lesson from the accidents? Now our government is carrying on a plan to solve the education problem .
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【答案】his—their 【解析】parents 前的代词应和主语 some 保持一致,故用 their; 【考点定位】考查代词指代一致 【答案】already 前加 have 【解析】此处根据时间状语 already 可知用现在完成时; 【考点定位】考查动词时态 【答案】lesson 前加 a 【解析】此处 draw a lesson 为一个短语,意为:吸取教训; 【考点定位】考查冠词的用法 【答案】on—out 【解析】此处 carry out 意为:执行;执行计划来解决教育问题。 【考点定位】考查动词短语的用法
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【2013 届河南中原名校高三第三次联考】短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(^) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Health is more important than wealth.Good health makes it is possible for us to enjoy our life and achieve what we hope in our career.To keep fit, firstly, it is much important for us to take more fruits and vegetable because they provide vitamins.And we should keep a balancing diet and avoid food what is rich in sugar and fat. Secondly, we'd better exercise every day to make our bodies as strongly as possible. Beside, we should avoid too much work pressure.Finally, we should get rid of bad habits that damaged our health, such as drinking and smoking.If we stick to the advice given up, we will lead a healthy life.

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【2013 届山西省山大附中高三期中】短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 文中共有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号∧,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线\划掉。 修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改 10 处,多者从第 11 处不计分。 In modern society, competition is everywhere. No wonder a English philosopher considers competition the source of a series of problem such as frustration and anxiety. Therefore, if we stress cooperation too much, there would be no progress. In my opinion, all are important and necessary. Let's take the competition at school for example. Even a gifted student won't
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make a remarkable progress if he is in a class without competition. That's because competition, and rather, challenge is a driving force made him go forward. On the other hand, if we don't cooperate with each other, it's impossible for us learn from each other. And that's why most of the great discoveries or inventions in the modern world are the result of cooperation. To conclude, those who laugh last are the people who can successful cope with the relationship between competition and cooperation.

【解析】此处 it 是形式主语,后面的动词不定式的复合结构作真正的主语;
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【考点定位】考查不定式的用法 【答案】successful—successfully 【解析】此处副词修饰动词短语 cope with; 【考点定位】考查副词的用法 【2013 届浙江省重点中学高三期中联考】短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,共有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单 词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(/\),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不计分。 Manager, I am an exchange student from China. Yesterday, I went to your cinema to see a film. The film was very well, but I did not enjoy it because there were some problem in the cinema. First, the film was delayed as there were so much advertisements at the beginning. It was rather annoyed. Second, the sound of the film was too loud that I could hardly bear. The EXIT signs could not be seen clearly, which presented potential safety hazards. If something terribly should happen, it will be difficult for people to get out quickly. As a visitor to your city, I’m disappointed with my experience in your cinema. I am writing a letter in the hope that you can consider on these problems and make more improvements. Yours faithfully, Li Hua 【答案】well—good 【解析】此处指电影好,用 good;well 作形容词,意为:身体好; 【考点定位】考查形容词的用法

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【答案】problem—problems

【答案】a—the 【解析】此处特指“正在写的信”,故用 the; 【考点定位】考查冠词的用法 【答案】去掉 on 【解析】此处 consider 是及物动词,后直接带宾语; 【考点定位】考查 consider 的用法 【高频考点突破】 短文改错的目的是测试考生发现、判断、纠正一些词法、句法以及语篇中的行文逻辑 等方面错误的能力。 它既能考查考生的词汇和语法方面的能力, 也能考查考生的阅读理解能
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力。其考查的角度可以概括为以下三个方面: 一、 词法型 词法的测试包括:定冠词和不定冠词的用法;名词的单复数和名词所有格;动词的时 态、语态、语气、情态动词和非谓语动词等;人称代词的格、物主代词、指示代词、连接代 词、不定代词等的用法;介词的搭配;并列连词、从属连词的用法;形容词、副词的区别以 及比较级和最高级的用法;固定搭配和习惯用法。

二、 句法型 句法的测试包括:主谓语在数上的一致;名词性从句;定语从句;强调句型;句子结 构的连贯性、完整性、对等性及逻辑性。

三、 语篇型 语篇的测试包括 :上下文中的时态是否一致;上下文中的代词是否一致;上下文中的 逻辑是否一致;上下文中的词、词组、从句的替代是否正确。 【例 7】I didn’t think she looked like Grandma.” “Neither did me.” said Mother cheerfully. 【解析】考查代词的格。me 改为 I。 这是一个倒装句,作主语,应用主格。 【例 8】My sister wanted get out of the shop as fast as she could when a shop assistant came over to us.
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【解析】考查小品词的遗漏。wanted 后加 to。want to do sth.为固定用法。 【例 9】My sister saw a lovely cup when we are shopping the other day. She liked it at once. Then 【解析】考查动词的时态。are 改为 were。时间状语为 the other day(不久前某一天;几 天以前) ,所以应该用一般过去时。 【例 10】Without a moment’s delay, his neighhor pricked up the box but announced:“I ‘ll take them. ” 【解析】考查逻辑连词。but 改为 and,很显然,拿起来和宣布说“我买了”是并列、承接 关系,所以要用并 列连词 and。

【做题指导】 短文改错一直是学生在应考时失分较多的题型。这主要是因为设错的内容多为学生在 平常进行语言操练时常犯的错误。比如:写作中用到的关键词,语言学习中的负迁移现象, 容易忽视的虚词、小品词等。做好短文改错题应注重以下技巧: 一、 谨记答题原则 (1)“规范性”原则:要严格按照示范规定的符号改错。 (2)“四不改”原则:①单词拼写不改。②大小写不改。③词序错误不改(应从错词 或少词方面考虑) 。④标点符号不改。 (3)“五改动”原则:①忠实于原文原则(不可改变原文的原意) 。②一对一原则(一 错一词) 。③错误以改动最少为原则。④虚词以添加或者删除为原则。⑤实词以改变形式为 原则。

二、 规律常见错误 常见错误(1)“不一致性”错误 主要包括:主、谓语不一致;时态不一致;语态不一致;名词的单、复数不一致;代词 指代不一致;搭配不一致等。

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【例 4】??.he will say some words that is nice and warm. Still, your happiness makes him happily too. 【解析】考查主、 谓语一致。Is 改为 are。that 代指先行词 words,所以谓语动词要用复数。 常见错误(2)“行文逻辑”错误 这种错误主要是运用行文逻辑,考查连接手段。谨记两种句式:并列句(并列连词) , 复合句(从属连词) ;六种关系:转折关系,选择关系,层递关系,并列关系,因果关系, 同位关系;一种变化:语义的曲折变化。如:肯定与否定,方位与时空的转移等。

常见错误(3)“平行结构”错误 平行结构是指两个或更多的词、 词组或从句具有相似或相等的句法功能。 在表达相互平 行的概念时,要使用相同的语法结构,即动词与动词相配,形容词与形容词相配,分词与分 词相配,不定式与不定式相配,短语与短语相配。平行结构经常借助于并列连词 and,but, or 或连词词组 not only?but also?, not?but?, either?or?, neither?nor?, well as as 等。

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常见错误(4)“词性、词形”错误 主要包括名词的单复数变化、 代词的词形变化以及形容词和副词的词形变化。 弄清词性 与词性之间的相互修饰关系。比如:形容词修饰名词,副词修饰形容词、动词、分词等。

常见错误(5)“动词的变化”错误 主要包括时态的词形变化、 被动语态的词形变化、 非谓语动词的词形变化以及第三人称 单数等。 【例 15】 “Excuse me,” she said, put her arm around the unhappy old woman. 【解析】考查非谓语动词。此处是分词短语作伴随状语。此时是主谓关系,故用 putting。 【例 16】I notice(d) Mother looking at a nearby table occupy by an elderly woman and young couple. 【解析】考查非谓语动词。occupy 改为 occupied。此处是分词短语作后置定语,occupy 与 table 是被动关系,故应用过去分词。 【例 17】After hear your sad stories, he will say some words that is nice and warm. 【解析】考查非谓语动词。Hear 改为 hearing。after 是介词,后接名词或动词-ing 形式。 常见错误(6)“特殊疑问词”“连词”和“引导词”错误 特别是 which 和 that 引导定语从句、 抽象名词后面常常跟 that 引导的同位语从句等。 【例 18】 Here is my idea about how a friend is like. 【解析】考查特殊疑问词。how 改为 what。由 what 引导宾语从句,从句中 like 缺宾语。 【例 19】 No lectures this morning so I think I’d email you and let you know what things are going. 【解析】考查特殊疑问词。What 改为 how。句意是如何让对方知道情况的进展,故应用为 how。 常见错误(7)“多词”错误 多词错误一般有如下几种类型:1)受母语思维影响,出现汉语式结构,造成沉言;2) 不明词义内涵,造成词义重叠;3)介词多余;4)助动词、系动词多余;5)多冠词;6)定语从

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句中的成分重复;7)程度副词和频率副词,如 much,more,often 等的多余;8)多余小品 词 to 等。 【例 20】The woman smiled happily as she accepted to it. 【解析】考查多余小品词。去掉 to。Accept 是及物动词,其后直接接名词或代词作宾语。 【例 21】I never knew much about her except for that she was strange. 【解析】考查多余介词。去掉 for。except that 直接接宾语从句,无需再用 for。 【例 22】David pointed to a path which it he thought would probably lead to a village. 【解析】考查语义重叠。去掉 it。it 与其前的关系代词 which 语义重复。 常见错误(8)“缺词”错误 缺词现象常见有:1)缺系动词;2) 缺介词;3) 缺冠词、物主代词等限定词;4) 在定 语从句中缺关系代词或关系副词;5) 缺连接词; 6) 缺否定词; 7) 缺不定式符号 to 等。

【2013 届丹东市四校协作体高三摸底】短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)? 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出改正后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Snow came a bit later this year than usually. After school, we took a bus to go back home in noon. On the way, we were attracted by the amazing scenery — trees, houses, and even cars were covered with purely white snow. How desperately we want to play in the snow! However, when we got off the bus, we immediately ran to a square nearby to enjoy the very spirits what the snow brought us. Despite the cold weather, we had a great fun playing with the snow. Many passer-by watched us laughing and
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playing, with smiles on his faces. Occupying with our study every day, we would like to regard it a refreshing experience for us all.

【2013 届浙江省诸暨草塔中学杭高 10 月考】短文改错

At first, I was not quite willing to sit down and watched the 90-minute football match. Usually I just checked the results because I thought that was dull to watch a game in that players kicked a ball to each other. Therefore, my father loves football. During the World Cup in 2006, my dad stays up late just to watch his favourite sport. Seeing him strongly interest in this game of 22 men run after a ball, I decided to sit down to watch the game. I found game excited, and my dad explained for the rules. We shared our joy. Football is not too badly as long as I watch it with my dad!

【答案与解析】

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【2013 届甘肃甘谷一中第二次检测】短文改错( 共 10 小题:每小题 1.5.满分 l 5 分) 下文中共有十处错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一 词; 2、只允许修改十处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Wang Ping, I’m very glad to have received a letter you sent me two weeks before. I’ve been thinking about the question you ask me. In my opinion, you should come back after you finish your studies at abroad. For one reason, what you are studying is bad needed nowadays in China. It will be quite easy of you to find a good job. In fact, I know that a few big company in our city are hoping to hire people like you. For other reason, I think it will be much more convenient for you to look after your parents

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as we are getting old. Therefore, I think it’s a good idea for you to return. So what are you waitin? Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua

【难点探究】 探究点一 必须记住的错误类型 (一)词法错误 1.形容词和副词的误用。如 alike,asleep,awake 等形容词是不能用作定语的。 2.介词的误用。例如:He is a sick man whom we are looking at。这里的 at 误用, 因为从这个句子的 he is a sick man 可 以判断出他需要照顾,而不是“看”(look at), 所以 at 应该改为 after。 3.代词的误用。如有 someone/each/everyone/somebody...的句子,要用代词时,按现 代的英语习惯应该用 he/his 代指。 4.冠词的误用。不应该用冠词的时候用了,而应该用的时候又没用,或用错冠词。如 in space 中没有冠词,但却误用 the 等。

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5.名词的误用。包括可数名词和不可数名词的误用,主要是单、复数的误用。 6.连词误用。主要是和介词误用了。如 because 和 because of 都表示“因为”,但是 because 是连词,后跟句子,而 because of 是介词短语,后跟名词或名词短语,用法不同。 (二)句法错误 1.时态的误用。从上下文可以看出时态的不对应。如前面用过去时,后面用现在时等。 2.语态的误用。主要是主动与被动的误用。 3. 语气的误用。 主要是虚拟语气的误用, 前后不一致。 例如: would have done it better I if I was given more time.很明显这个句子前后不一致, 应该是 I would have done it better if I had been given more time. 4.上下文关系误用。主要是要求考生对上下文的逻辑关系有正确的判断,这比较难,因 为要看几个句子才能判断出来的。如应该用 and 而误用 however。 5. 句子类型的判定。 (三)短文改错题目类型 1.正确地找出错误。有时候考生会觉得一行中好像有几处错误的地方,那时候你就要 小心地、认真地再看一遍,然后找出该改的地方,一句最多有两处错误。 2.漏掉的词。漏掉的词一般是词语搭配、引导词、代词等。 3.多余的词。如定语从句中已经有引导词,但句子中还有一个词代替该句子成分。例 如:He is the man who we saw him yesterday.这里的 him 很明显是多余的。或不需要从

句的地方加了个引导词。例如:What do you think that will happen tomorrow?这里的 will happen tomorrow 不是 think 的宾语从句,而 do you think 是插入语,所以 that 是 多余的。 4.用错单词。用错单词的范围比较大,但主要包括词性误用,单词拼写错误近年高考不 涉及。 典型例题剖析 例 1. Second, I will learn more about history of the Olympics?

例 2.In the fact, there were four tick ets on the seat.

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例 3.Both my parent miss you a lot.

例 4. The play tells humorous stories that happen in the Green’s family.

例 5 .?and it’s great fun! Dancing was not difficult.

例 6. I’d like to staying there for half a month?

例 7.Getting out of the classroom is indeed necessary for we all.

例 8. When you come, you can stay with ourselves.

例 9. Last Saturday, the class that I was on held a get-together?

例 10.I imagine you’ll be at vacation yourself by that time. 【答案与解析】at→on 本题涉及固定短语中介词的错误。“度假”是 on vacation。 例 11. (I) have already studied English for eight years, I can’t use it very good.

例 12. However, while John went back home, the tickets were still there.
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例 13.Then John read some reviews of the play, which all said it was a terribly one!

例 14. My house is about three kilometers far away from the National Stadium.

例 15. We’ve been writing to each for nearly a year now.

例 16. I can help visitors find their ways in the city.

例 17. One day, while my friend and I was traveling through Germany.

例 18. As summer vacation are coming soon, my classmates are?

例 19. It is also a window which we can learn about American society.

例 20. I sometimes take part in performances at our school, that I really enjoy very much.

句子结构的连贯性、完整性、对等性及逻辑性。 例 21. (My friend could read some German, but) I couldn’t, and I gave her the biscuit bag to find the name.

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探究点二 细致入微的解题思路 1.从语法方面来分析句子和短文。 (1)看句子主谓是否一致。例如: Anyone may borrow books, and it cost nothing to borrow them... (主谓不一致,主 语 it 是单数,故谓语 cost 应改为 costs。 ) There are branch library in many villages.(library 是可数名词,谓语 are 是复数, 应将 library 改为 libraries。 ) (2)看动词的时态、语态、语气及非谓语形式是否正确。例如: Today it is much easier to be healthy than it is in the past. (时态错误, in the past 暗示了过去,应用过去时,将第二个 is 改为 was。 ) If the book you will want is out, you may ask for it.. .(条件定语从句中 want 表示的是当时的想法,应将 will 删去。 ) Books may he keep for four weeks. (被动语态构成应为“be+过去分词”,故应把 keep 改为 kept。 ) ...you pay the cost of send a postcard. (介词后要跟动名词,故把 send 改为动 名词 sending。 ) ?and let you to know When the book you want...(使役动词 let 后的动词不定式作 宾语补足语应该省略 to。 ) (3)看名词、代词的性、数、格是否正确。例如:You two could come and visit us some times soon. (time 作时间解释是不可数名词,故把 tim es 改为 time。) ...and asked me lots of question. (question 是可数名词,因此,要把 question 改为 questions。) The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. (his 应与主语 the Smiths 致, 故把 h is 改为 their。 ) (4)看形容词、副词的比较结构是否正确。例如: Last Sunday, police cars hurried to the taller building in New York, where a large crowd had gathered. (这里用 taller 不妥,因为文中没有出现纽约的另一高层楼房,缺少比较的对象。如果用原级又显 得不符合常理。众所周知,纽约是一个高楼林立的城市。上文查理斯说过一句话:我看到一
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个真正的高层建筑,就想攀登它。由此可见,他后来爬的楼房是纽约的最高层建筑。故应将 taller 改为 tallest 才对。 ) (5)看冠词用法是否正确。例如: Modern people know more about the health. (health 是抽象名词,前面不用定冠词,故应把 the 删去。) There is public library in every town in Britain.(library 是可数名词,故在 public 前加上 a。) (6)看从句中的连词、 关系代词、 关系副词是否正确。 例如: In other places where you are limited to a certain number.(此句是简单句,不是含定语从句的复合句,故将 where 删去。 ) ?you are limited to a certain number of that some mayhenovels. (从句中关系 代词用法错误,介词 of 后不能用 that,应把 that 改为 which。) I also enjoyed the evenings when we spent together. (尽管先行词 the evenings 是时间, 然而定语从句中 spent 是及物动词, when 只能作状语, 不能作宾语, 故或者把 when 删去,或者把 when 改为 that 或 which。 ) 2.从词的固定搭配和惯用法方面分析。 (1)看固定搭配(动词与介词,形容词与介词等)是否正确。例如: WhenI have free timeI go a long walk. 后加上介词 for。) It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station... (kind 是表示 人品质的形容词,应用 It is kind of sb to do sth 句型,故把 for 改为 of。) (2)看习惯表达法是否正确。例如: ?and some books, for example, books for history.(谈到有关某方面的专门书籍 应用介词 on,故把 for 改为 on。 ) Uncle Ben will also go back for Christmas.(根据上下文,要行为者到说话者这儿 来,应用 come,故把 go 改为 come。 ) 3.从语篇行文逻辑方面分析。有时候单从某一句不一定能看出错误,必须根据上下文 的语言来判断,才能发现问题所在。例如: Therefore, there are still some countries where people have shorter lives. (通 过全文便会发现 Therefore 用得不对, 因为上文几句说的是现代人的寿命比过去的人长, 他 们有望比一百年前人的寿命长两倍。 这些话与此句没有因果关系, 应该是转折关系才符合行
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(go for a walk 是固定搭配,故在 go

文逻辑。故把 Therefore 改为 However。) 【2013届河北省名校俱乐部高三第二次调研】短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分l0分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有l0 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处.每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在 缺词处加一个漏字符号(√),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉. 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改l0处,多者(从第11处起)不计分. Thanksgiving Day is one of the most important family holiday in America. All the members of a family, no matter where far away they are, will try to get together in that day. The first Thanksgiving in America takes place in October 1621. In 1620,the group of Englishmen sailed to Massachusetts .They were looking for a freely place to live in as they chose. So they experienced a hard winter. Half of them starved death. The next spring,they began farming. With the help of local Indians,they learned to be plant corn and raise animals. In the fall, the fields produced a good harvest,. Filling with joy and thanks to God,they held A celebration. In 1863,it became a national holiday.

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【解析】that day 表一个具体的时间,可以同表具体时间的 on 连用,也可以做副词用,不 用冠词。 【考点定位】考查时间状语的用法。 【答案】takes-took 【解析】本文这句说的是1621的事,故用过去时态。 【考点定位】考查动词时态。 【答案】the-a group of 【解析】 a group of “一组人”,表泛指,而 the 表特指。 【考点定位】 :考查冠词的用法。

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【2013 届河北省邯郸市高三上学期期中】短文改错 (共 10 分,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 该文中共有十处错误,每句中最多有两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2、只允许修改十处, 多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 I like eating fruit and vegetables what are of great benefit to our healthy. Not only do they prevent us from falling into ill, but they help us lose weight. I used to hate vegetables, but follow the doctor’s advice, I gradually kicked the bad habit. Just as an old saying going, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. However, there are still many children dislike fruit and vegetables. On contrary, influenced by this or that kind of advertisement, many were crazy about junk food. Consequently, they become weaker and weaker instead of getting strong. In my opinion, we must take action to change them. 1.【答案】what---which 或 that

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【解析】此处 fruit and vegetables 是先行词,且在定语从句中作主语,所以用 which 或 that 来引导。 【考点定位】考查定语从句的关系词

【2013 届河北省保定市八校 12 月联考】短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共

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有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出改正后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Three years ago, I became a student in a ordinary school. Disappointing as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorly-equipped classroom, I find the teachers patient but considerate.Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class.I decided to make the best use for it. I worked hardly and got along well my teachers and classmates.Whenever I had difficulties, they were always helpful. Soon, I became one of the top student in my class, what greatly increased my confidence and I got more motivated. My experience tells me that it is not what you are given but that how you use it that determines who you are.

【答案】for—of
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【2013 届云南省师大附中高三适应性月考】短文改错(满分 10 分)] About 80 million America are trying to lose weight. That’s almost one in each three people in the United States. Some eat less of certainly foods, especially fat and sugar. Others take up medicine, exercise or even had operations. Lose weight is not easy, but it can also cost lots of money. But why so many people in the U.S. want to lose weight? Many people worry about not looking pretty. Other people are concerned at their health. Many doctors say that putting on too much weight is not healthy. Almost 40 million people weigh at least 20 percent much
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than their usual weight.

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【2013 届河北省保定市摸底试题】短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同学写的以下作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(n) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(、 )划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 No body language can be much attractive than smil ing. Not only can beautiful smile make ourselves happy, but also it make others feel delighted. Smiling is very powerful that it gives people great courage to face and defeat disasters. A little boy calling Lang Zheng,for example,impressed and encouraged a great many of people when a serious earthquake hit WenChuan. Right after he is rescued by the soldiers from the ruin,he saluted and smiled to them. His smile was like sunshine and warmed people were trapped in the disaster. It is safe to say that without smile our life would be colorless and hard. Try it but everything will be different!

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5.【答案】calling—called 【解析】此处 a little boy called Lang Zheng 意为:一个被叫做郎征的男孩; 【考点定位】考查过去分词短语作定语

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【历届高考】 2012 年高考题 [2012·课标全国卷] 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I learned early in life that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. From the time I was about four until I was about six, I destroyed each of my toy. I was happy when the toys worked, but when things did wrong, I got angry and broke it. For a while parents bought me new toys. But before long they began to see which was happening. When I tear apart my fifth birthday toy train, my father said, “That's it. No more toys to you.” My punishment lasted a year. Meanwhile, I found out that

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with more patience I must make my toys to last. My attitude changed from then on. [解析]

1. little→less 考查副词的用法。根据句意:我不得不多一些耐心而少一些挑衅性。此 处 less 修饰形容词。 2. toy→toys 考查名词的单复数形式。根据 each of 可知,应该是“我”的玩具中

的每一个,故用复数形式 toys。 3. did→went 或者 did 后加 go 考查固定短语的表达法。 解题关键: 掌握短语 go wrong 意为:出错。 4. it→them 考查代词指代一致。此处指前文的 toys,所以后文用 them。

[2012·陕西卷] 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的 以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线(__),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
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注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My father and I stayed at the South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing last month. It is in the downtown area, but it is easy to go to anywhere from the hotel by public transport. We lived in a comfortably double?room with a big bath. What I liked best were

the free high?speed Internet connection in the room. I checked my email messages every day. I also shared for my friends many photos taking in Beijing. The food was wonderful with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish. It is such great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing. [解析]

1.visit→visited 根据时间状语 last month 可知本句时态是一般过去时,故动词用过去 式。 2.but→and/so 前后文是承接或因果关系,故连词用 and 或 so。 3.to 去掉 anywhere 是指地点的副词,其前不用介词。 4.comfortably→comfortable 修饰名词 double?room 应用形容词。 5.were→was what 引导主语从句,其谓语动词应用单数形式,故系动词 were 改为 was。 6.for→with 动词 share 与介词 with 构成搭配,意思是“和某人分享”。 7.taking→taken 置定语。 8.dish→dishes 由 several 修饰,名词应用复数。 9.such 后加 a such 修饰的 hotel 是可数名词单数,需加不定冠词 a。 10.me→mine 双重所有格的构成是“of +名词性物主代词或名词所有格”。
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take 与所修饰词 photos 是逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词作后

短文改错应用文 [2012·辽宁卷] 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的 以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、 删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Diana, Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne's friend, Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park here Gina nearly got knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home. [解析]

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[2012·浙江卷] 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ ),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Two years before, I traveled to Brazil and I rented for a car. Unfortunate, I had an accident and hit another car, and I needed to stay in a hospital for at least two week. I called my parents, so I did not tell them what had happened. I knew that they will be worried about myself because I was so farther away, and that my mother would not sleep if she knew. Therefore, I told them interested stories and how I was enjoying Brazil. As a result, nobody knew truth. I still think that it was the right thing to do.

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2011 年高考题 课标英语 [2011·辽宁卷] 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题; 每小题 l 分, 满分 10 分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 l0 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其 下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 l0 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 In early January this ye ar,the rate of UFO reports were steady,around three per weeks.When, however, Monday, on January 16, science fiction film about visitors a to outer space was shown on television,there was the immediate increase in reports of sightings from all parts of the States.The commanding officer, Wayne Tyler, who directly responsible for the study of all such reports,decided to making his findings known.They wrote an article,which said that all UFO reports could be explained for quite naturally by aircraft movements.Follow this explanation,there was a rapid drop in the number of reported sightings,because the rate remained above the previous level. 课标英语 [2011·辽宁卷]

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increase in reports of sightings from all parts of the States.The commanding officer, Wayne Tyler,who ∧ directly was/is responsible for the study of all such reports,decided to making make his findings known.They wrote an article,which said that He all UFO reports could be explained for'quite naturally by aircraft movements.Follow this explanation,there was a Following rapid drop in the number of reported sightings,because the although/though/but/yet rate remained above the previous level.

8. 去掉 for

explain 为及物动词,其后可直接跟宾语(即该被动句的主语 all UFO

reports),故去掉 for。 9. follow → following 此处是现在分词短语作伴随状语。 10. because → although/ though/ but/ yet 根据前后两个句子间的逻辑关系可知。

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课标英语

[2011·全国卷] 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改

你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个 单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My summer trav el started terribly.I was at the Shanghai

Railway Station buy a ticket to Hangzhou. I was going to

visit a friend here and after that I would go to Xiamen for

long holiday. I bought my ticket but turned around to pick

up my bag from the floor and then I realized that someone

had stolen it.Luckily,I had all my money on my pocket,but

the only clothes I had was those I had on.It felt very strange

to travel without any luggages.When I finally arrived at my

friend he lent to me lots of clothes. I feel very happy that I

could change my clothes at last.

课标英语

[2011·全国卷] My summer travel started terribly.I was at the

Shanghai Railway Station buy a ticket buying to Hangzhou.I was going there I would go to Xiamen for∧long holiday. I bought my ticket
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to visit a friend here and after that

a but turned around to pick up my bag from the floor and then and I realized that someone had stolen it.Luckily I had all my money on my pocket, but the only clothes I had was those I in were had on.It felt very strange to travel without any luggages. luggage When I finally arrived at my friend he lent to me lots of friend’s clothes. I feel very happy that I could change my clothes at last. felt

课标英语 [2011·陕西卷] 第二节 短文改错(共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 15 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线(____),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last Sunday morning, when I was having a walk in the park near my home, I came across a crew make a new film with one of my favourite actor. I didn’t have my camera with me at that time,but I rushed back home to get.Unfortunately,by the time I got back,they have finished the scene and the actor couldn’t be seen everywhere.I
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was really disappointing and about to leave when he walked out a building.He was right there in the front of me!I couldn’t believe my luck—not only did I had my photo taken with him,but he signed his name on my shirt! 课标英语 [2011·陕西卷] Last Sunday morning, when I was having a walk in the park near my home, I came across a crew make a new film making with one of my favourite actor. I didn’t have my camera actors with me at that time,but I rushed back home to get ∧. so/and it Unfortunately,by the time I got back,they have finished the had scene and the actor couldn’t be seen everywhere.I was really anywhere disappointing and about to leave when he walked out ∧ a disappointed of building.He was right there in the' front of me!I couldn’t believe my luck—not only did I had my photo taken with have him,but he signed his name on my shirt! [2011·浙江卷] 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改 某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 例如: ∧ It was very nice to get your invitation to spendthe weekend with you. Luckily I so was completely free then, am

I’llto[KG*3] say “yes”.I’ll arrive in Bristol

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in at around 8:00 p.m. Friday evening. on I was playing at my cousin house.Since his family was rich than mine, he had more toys than I did. There was one on particular I’d always wanted. I put into my pocket when he wasn’t looking. I guessed, even at that age, I would never be able to enjoy to playing with the toy or faced my cousin again; I would always know I’d done something wrong. Late on, my aunt drove me home. When she dropped me off, I pulled out the toy slow and gave it back. She knows what had happened, but she thanked me and ever mentioned it again.

【2010 浙江】 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)www.ks*5u.co 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处, 多者 ( 从第 11 处起 ) 不计分。

例如: was very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you. Luckily It I the was completely free then, so I’ll to say “yes”. I’ll arrive in Bristol at

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around 8 pm in Friday. am on

After shopping, Mother and I went to a restaurant for lunch. I notice Mother looking at a

nearby table occupy by an elderly woman and young couple. They are silently, and it was clearly

that things were not going well. As we left, Mother stopped on their table. “Excuse me,” she said,

put her arm around the unhappy old woman. “You remind me so many of my mother. May I hug ”

(拥抱) you?” The woman smiled happily as she accepted to it. After we left, I said, “That was

very nice of you, Mother. So I didn’t think she looked like Grandma.” “Neither did me.” said

Mother

cheerfully.

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5.【2009 辽宁】 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(/\) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误仅限 1 词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 When I was in high school, most of my friend had bicycles. I hoped I could also have it. One friends one

day I saw a second-hand bicycle, that was only one hundred yuan. I asked my father /\ the money. which for But he

said he could only give me half of the money. He should find the other half myself. So I went I

52

to sel l newspapers after the school. My father was pleased if I showed him the money a month when after. He gives me the other fifty. You can imagine how much happy I was when I rode to school on later gave

my own bicycle.

【答案】the money 前加 for 【解析】 考查介词用法。 此处 ask my father 的目的应该是钱。 my father 与 the money ask 之间需要加表目的的介词。

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6.【2009 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试】 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题; 每小题一分,满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语法错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不计分。

例如: It was very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you. Luckily The I was/are completely free then, so I’ll to say “yes”. I’ll arrive in Bristol at around 8 p.m. in/on Friday evening

54

One rainy day while I was walking home with one of my friend, a trunk came friends to a stop besides us. The driver put the window down and offered us a unbrella beside an

because he found we were wet through. I stood there and couldn’t believe in i\n that a complete stranger is so thoughtful. The man insisted, so I grateful was gratefully

accepted the offer, thanked him and watched the truck disappear down the road.

This man might need the umbrella himself, and he preferred to give it to but everyone else. It was a lesson to us that it was possible ∧give without expect someone/somebody anything in return. to expecting

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【解析】考查副词用法。副词修饰动词 accept. 【答案】and---but 【解析】考查连词用法。按照句意前后构成转折关系,用 but. 【答案】everyone---someone/somebody 【解析】考查不定代词用法。everyone else 错误说法,每个人,就不可能再有别人;"别 人"应表示为 someone/somebody else。 【答案】possible 后面用 to 【解析】考查固定句型。此处用 It is/was possible to do sth.句型。 【答案】expect----expecting 【解析】动名词用法。介词后应该用动名词形式。

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