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高中英语语法虚拟语气公开课课件 - 副本


IF 从句

主句

与过去情况相 had done 反时 did 与现在情况相 反时 (be 用were)
与将来事实可 1) did 能相反时 2)should+动原

would have done

would do

would do

3) were to+动原

1. If there were no air, the sky would be black. If I got the information, I would let you know.

现在
2. If we had got enough money, we would have bought it.

过去
3. If you should fall, you would be injured. If it were to rain, we would not go there. If you had a villa, I would marry you.

将来

# Exercises
B 1. If I __ more time, I would have gone with him. ( 过去) A.had B. had had C. have had D. would have D 2. If I __you, I wouldn’t return the call. ( 现在) A. be B. am C. was D. were

PRACTICE 1: Fill in the blanks.

a. If they were (be) here now, they ____ __________ would take (take) your advice. b. If the world-war break (break) out _____ again, what would happen(happen) _____________ to our people on earth?

c. If I ____ (be) in your position, I were _________ (ask) for teacher’s help. would ask

PRACTICE 2: Fill in the blanks.
a. If Tom ________ (be) more careful in had been the exam, he ________________ (pass) would have passed it already. b. If you _______ (get) up earlier, you had got ________________ would have caught (catch) the first train.

c. If I _______ (meet) you yesterday, had met we ______________ (go) to the would have gone concert together.

If he __________ more carefully, he had driven _________________ would not have had the car accident yesterday.

PRACTICE 3: Fill in the blanks a. If there should be (be) no natural ________ resource any more, we would make ___________ (make) use of nuclear power . b. What ____________ (happen) if you would happen ____________ (get up) too late should get up tomorrow?

c. If Robots _____________ (control) were to control

the world some day, here
________ (be) no friendship. would be

假如他来了, 我们对他说什么呢?

If he were to come, what should we say
to him. 假如他看见我, 就会认识我。 If he should see me, he would know me.

在虚拟条件句中,若有动词were, should 或had(+过去分词),可 以省略if, 且把这三个词放在主语之 前,变成倒装句。 If I were a bird, I would fly freely . =Were I a bird, I would fly freely .

1.If you were handsome, I would marry you. =Were you handsome, I would marry you.

2.If he should come tomorrow, I would give it to him. Should he come tomorrow, I would give it to him. 3. If it were to snow, I would not go .
Were it to snow, I would not go.

4. If he had come yesterday, you would have seen him. Had he come yesterday, you would have seen him.

3. ____ he finished the work, he C would not have been punished. A. If B. were ( 过去) C. had D. has

与过去愿望相反: had done
I wish I had seen that film. 与现在愿望相反: did/were

I wish

I wish I were as handsome as you. would/could 与将来愿望相反:/might+动词 原形 I wish I would try again.

A 3. How I wish I ____ a grown-up! A.were B. had been C. was D. am ( 现在)

were I wish I _______as tall as you.

I wish I were bird. _____a

I wish every day _____my birthday. were

I wish/wished I ____________( eat ) so hadn’t eaten much watermelon.

The party was terrible, I wish

I ______________ ( go ) to it. had never gone

would rain I wish it ___________( rain) tomorrow.

混合虚拟/ 错综虚拟语气
If you had asked him yesterday, you would know what to do now.

从句与过去事实相反, 主句与现 在事实相反

had been If the staff ________more careful, the mall ____________on fire now. would not be

Homework
句型练习.
1. 我要是你的话, 我就会把英语学好。 2. 如果你昨天来, 你就会看见他。 3. 万一明天下雨, 我们就不到那儿去。 4. 我希望我十年前认识他。

1. suggest, order, demand, request, desire, insist等动词后的 宾语从句常用“ should+动词原形”,

should可以省略。
I suggest (that) he (should) go to see the doctor today. I order that you not disturb others in class.

2. It is suggested/desired/ordered/ necessary/important…that 等结构后的主语从句:

It is necessary that we (should) enjoy ourselves to the bars .

3. # It is time that

从句动词一 般用过去时态

e.g. It is time that we went to sleep.

4. should ( might, could, would, need…) have done sth e.g. Ululant, you should not have
died so earlier!

I need not have cried so much,
since I was left so much fortune.

5. as if引导的状语从句, 有时用虚拟
e.g. She acts as if she were a beauty.

6. if only
e.g. If only that I were not so thin.

7. would rather
I would rather you had been here yesterday.

I would rather that you passed away right now.

3. ---Do you have a computer? B ---No, but I wish I __ one . ( 现在) A. have B. had C. having D. have had
4. ---I feel I am so tired tonight. C( ---Well, it is time that you___.特殊) A. go to bed B. would go to bed C. went to bed D. going to bed

C 5. It is necessary that the lazy boy___ the class meeting. ( 特殊) A. will attend B. attends C. attend D. attended
A 6. If I had seen the movie, I___ you all about it now. ( 错综) A. would tell B. will tell C. have told D. would have told


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