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2014—2015学年度下学期期中考试高一英语试题及答案


南山中学 2014-2015 年度高一下学期期中考试 英语试题
命题人:阮梦 审题人:郑建波

注意: 1. 本试卷分第 I 卷和第 II 卷两部分,共 10 页。共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 2. 请将选择题答案涂在答题卡上。 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节(共 5 小题; 每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5

段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后, 你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小 题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What time is it now? A. 8:45 B. 8:50 C. 9:20 2. Why is the man calling? A. He wants to sell the house. B. He wants to advertise the house. C. He needs more information about the house. 3. What sport does the man like best? A. Swimming B. Skiing C. Skating 4. When did the man learn about the car accident ? A. In the morning B. At breakfast C. At supper 5. Where will the meeting be held? A. In Room 315 B. In Room 305 C. In Room 350 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后。各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What color does the man choose? A. Grey . B. Black. 7. What is the relationship between the two speakers? A. Friends . B. Colleagues. C. Shop assistant and customer. 听第 7 段材料,回答 8 至 9 题。 8. How did the women find the potatoes this time? A. Great . B. disappointing 9. Why did Mary invite the woman to supper last time? A. To ask her for a favor. B. To encourage her. C. To thank her. 听第 8 段材料,回答 10 至 12 小题。 10. How does the woman look now?
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C. Red.

C. Better than expected.

A. Tired. B. Excited. C. Surprised. 11. What did the woman do last weekend? A. She went camping. B. She went to see a doctor. C. She visited some friends. 12. What does the man offer to do? A. Go out for a walk with the woman. B. Help the woman go over her lessons. C. Tell the woman about the coming exam. 听第 9 段材料,回答 13 至 16 题。 13. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. The woman’s new classroom. B. The woman’s new school. C. The woman’s new friend online. 14. How many students are probably in one classroom in the woman’s school? A. 14. B. 17. C. 21. 15.What is the classroom like? A. It’s very clean. B. It ’s a bit old. C. It’s very big. 16.Who introduced the school to the woman? A. A teacher of that school. B.A new friend of the woman. C.The man in the conversation. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.Where was the speaker born? A. In Guangdong. B. In Hunan. C. In Beijing. 18. How many years has the speaker lived in the seaside city? A. For about 17 years. B. For about 19 years. C. For about 20 years. 19. What do people like doing on summer days in the speaker ’s hometown? A. Planting trees and flowers. B. Having fun on the beaches. C. Climbing mountains. 20. What do we knew about the winter in the speaker ’s hometown? A. It is cool and windy. B. It is a little cold. C. It snows a lot. 第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节: (共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳选项。 A February has long been a month of romance. With the sweet smell of roses in the air, romantic films hit cinemas and love stories fill newspapers and magazines. On the 14th day, it is a custom for a boy to take his girlfriend out to dinner, buy her flowers and chocolates, write poems, sing to her or even spell out her name with rose petals! This is what
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you see on Valentine’s Day, a day named after Valentine who was a priest in the third century Rome. When the emperor (皇帝) decided that single men could become better soldiers than those with wives, he didn’t allow marriage. But Valentine continued to perform marriage ceremonies for young lovers in secret. When his actions were discovered, the emperor sentenced him to death. While in prison, it is said that Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his prison guard. Before his death, he wrote her a letter, which he signed “From your Valentine”, an expression that is still in use today. Valentine died for what he believed in and so he was made a Saint (圣徒), as well as becoming one of history’s most romantic characters. Nowadays, Valentine’s Day is also popular among Chinese young people. Some students are planning to make Valentine’s cards for parents, teachers and friends. Others want to hold parties at which they will exchange small gifts and eat heart-shaped cakes. The idea is to have fun and encourage people to share in the spirit of St. Valentine. 21. Why did the emperor in Rome not allow marriage in his country? A. Because there were few women in his country at that time. B. Because he thought men without wives could be better soldiers. C. Because there wasn’t enough food for so many people. D. Because he wanted to control the birth rate. 22. Valentine was put into prison because ______. A. he killed one of the soldiers B. he stole a lot of food C. he didn’t obey the emperor’s order D. he didn’t want to be a soldier 23. The last paragraph mainly tells us ______. A. students in China send cards to their teachers B. it is a good idea to celebrate Valentine’s Day in China C. it is interesting to celebrate Valentine’s Day in China D. Valentine’s Day is also popular in China now 24. The best title for this passage should be ______. A. Valentine’s Day B. A Brave Priest C. Valentine’s Day in China D. A Romantic Man B There are a number of different ways to study a language, each of which has advantages and disadvantages. You may find a combination of these is a best choice for you. If you can find a course in the language you want to learn in your country, this is quite a good way to study. A variety of courses are usually available, including part-time and full-time courses. If you look around, you can probably find a course that suits your needs. The main advantage of such courses is that you’ll have a teacher to provide you with instructions, support and with whom to practice your language. You will also be studying with others who are at more or less the same level and you can exchange ideas with them and help one another. One choice is to study a language in a country where it’s spoken. There are many schools teaching English, French, Spanish, Italian and German, but far fewer teaching other languages. The main advantage of studying abroad is that you are totally in the language, not just in class, but the rest of the time as well. As a result, you can make rapid progress. The main disadvantage of studying abroad is the cost, not just of your course, but also of your food and travel. However, if you’re a native speaker of English, you could get a job teaching English in a country where the language you want to learn is spoken.
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Studying online is also a good choice. There are plenty to choose from a lot of languages. Many are free but there are some you have to pay for. Some of the paid ones provide support from teachers via email, chat programs, video conferencing, telephone or even face to face. 25. Studying in your country has many advantages except that _____. A. there are many courses to choose from B. you can study with others of the same level C. all the courses are free of charge D. the teacher can offer you instructions and practice 26.Compared with two other ways, the obvious disadvantage of studying abroad lies in its _____. A. various courses B. high cost C. studying time D. job chances 27. The online courses ________. A. are all free of charge B. can’t be found everywhere C. can be easily taken on the Internet D. are all supported by teachers 28. What can we learn from this passage? ________ A. Studying abroad is the only good way to study English. B. All the online courses are very easy to study. C. If you study a language in your own country, you can study with more partners of the same level. D. You can get any job you like after studying abroad. C The earth is the only planet that scientists think has life. Why does the earth have life while the other planets ( 行星 ) don't? For one thing, the earth is just the right temperature. As the_third_planet from the sun, the earth seems to be just the right distance away. The planets which are closer to the sun are hot that their surfaces bake (烘烤) in the sun. The farthest planets are cold balls. When the earth developed — which scientists believe may have happened about 4 billion years ago — many gases covered the earth. The gases caused the earth to be hot. But something wonderful happened. The temperature was just right for thick clouds to form. It rained very hard for a very long time. This gave the earth its oceans. Water made it possible for plants to grow. The plants created oxygen in the atmosphere. Oxygen is the gas that humans and animals breathe. Only one other planet in the solar system seems to be something like the earth. That planet is Mars (火星). Mars is smaller than the earth, and it is quite a bit cooler. But it is not too cold for humans. On some days, the temperatures are as low as a winter day in the northern United States. If you wore a special space suit, you could walk around on Mars. You would have to bring your own air to breathe, the air on Mars is too thin to breathe. Mars has the largest volcano (火山) in the solar system. It is sixteen miles high. The highest volcano on the earth is five miles high. The most unexpected (未预测到的) sight on Mars is dried up river beds. Scientists believe that Mars was once much better than it is now. Does this mean there could have been living things on Mars? Scientists are not sure, but there has been no sign so far. 29. Which of the following is NOT the reason that the earth has life? A. The earth is just the right temperature. B. The volcano on earth are lower than those on Mars.
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C. There is oxygen in the atmosphere of the earth. D. The earth seems to be just the right distance away from the sun. 30. The underlined phrase “the third planet” in the first paragraph refers to ________. A. the Sun B. the Moon C. the Earth D. the Mars 31.Which of the following about the Mars is NOT true? A. There could have been living things on Mars. B. Mars has the largest volcano in the solar system. C. There is almost no oxygen in the air on Mars. D. Mars is smaller than the earth, and it is quite a bit cooler. D When Steve Jobs was born on Febuary24, 1955, in San Francisco , California, his unmarried mother decided to put him for adoption because she wanted a girl. So in the middle of the night, his mother called a lawyer named Paul Jobs and said, “We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?” But his mother told his future parents to promise that they would send Jobs to college. After Steve Jobs graduated from high school, he went to college but decided to drop out because it was so expensive that he had to sleep on the floor in his friends’ rooms. At 20, he and a friend(Steve Wozniak) started a company in a garage on April 1, 1976. Jobs named their company ----Apple in memory of a happy summer he had spent as an orchard (果园) in Oregon. After 10 years of hard time and failures, starting from two kids working in a garage, Apple computer eventually grew into a big company with over 4000 employees. At 30, Jobs , however, was fired from the company he co-founded. But after he had to leave the company, Apple was under heavy pressure from rival (对手) Microsoft and in 1996 posted billions of dollars in losses. Apple needed Steve Jobs and he was appointed as Apple’ CEO in1997. Under his leadership, Apple returned to profitability and introduced new products such as the iPhone and the iPad. Steve Jobs once said, “Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick, Don’t lose faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you love. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. 32.Which of the following is right according to paragraph 1? A. Jobs’ unmarried mother adopted him. B. Paul Jobs was a college teacher. C. Jobs’ finished his education. D. Jobs’ unmarried mother wanted a girl. 33.Steve Jobs didn’t finish his college education because he ______. A. wanted to start a company. B. had financial problems. C. took no interest in his major. D. hated to share rooms with his friends. 34.It can be inferred that Apple____. A. was founded in Oregon B. developed from a garage C. had a difficult beginning D. had a successful beginning
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35.What can we learn from what Steve Jobs said? A. Interest is key to success. B. Hope helps us succeed. C. Attitude is everything. D .Courage goes with confidence. 第二节 (共5小题; 每小题2分,满分10分) 阅读短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 If you want to keep fit, please refer to the following: Move More Make it a daily to find ways to move your body. 36. Climb stairs instead of taking the elevator(电梯). Walk your dog; play with your kids. It doesn’t have to be an hour in the gym or a 45-minute dance class. But that’s great when you’re up to it. At the same time, move more. Give up Smoking Ever since 1960 when it was announced that smoking was harmful to health, Americans have been reducing their use of tobacco products. Just recently, we’ve seen more and more teens smoking. Could it be the Hollywood influence? 37. Take care! Warn your children against smoking. 38. While recent studies show a glass of wine or one drink a day can help protect against heart disease, more than that can cause other health problems such as liver and kidney( 肝肾) disease and cancer. Reduce Stress(压力) Easier said than done, stress comes in many ways. 39. Spend 30 minutes a day doing something you like such as walk on the beach or in a park, read a good book, visit a friend, listen to relaxing music, and watch a funny movie. Protect Yourself from Pollution If you can’t live in a smog-free environment, at least avoid smoke-filled rooms. 40. Exercise indoors in air conditioning when air quality is good. A. Avoid Excessive(过量的)Drinking. B. There are many things you can do to move your arms and legs. C. Think carefully about what you will do. D. Exercise outside when the smog rating is low. E. It seems that the stars in every movie smoke cigarettes. F. Keep a Positive Mental Outlook. G. Some techniques given by experts are to think positive thoughts. 第三部分:完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文, 从短文后所给各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白的最佳 选项。 The Voice of America began during the World WarⅡ. When Germany was broadcasting a radio program to get international 41 , American officials believed they should 42 the German broadcast with words that they thought were the facts of world events. The first VOA news report began with words in 43 . “The 44 may be good or bad, but we shall tell you the truth.” Within a week, other VOA 45 were broadcasting in Italian, French and
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English. After the World WarⅡended in 1945, some Americans felt VOA’s 46 had to be changed, 47 the Soviet Union became enemy of America.They wanted to 48 Soviet listeners. Then VOA began broadcasting in Russian. In the early years VOA began adding something new to its broadcast that was 49 “ Music USA”. Another new idea came along in 1959.VOA knew that many listeners did not know 50 English to completely understand its 51 English broadcast. So VOA 52 a simpler kind of English, 53 uses about 1,500 words and is spoken 54 of course, it is special English. In the 55 of most VOA listeners, the most 56 program is the news report. News from around the world 57 into the VOA news rooms in Washington 24 hours a day. It comes from VOA reporters in 58 cities and also from other 59 like BBC.VOA writers and editors use these materials to 60 news reports, which are being broadcast in 43 languages. 41.A.business B.culture C. support D.information 42.A.reply B.answer C.join D.interrupt 43.A.same B.short C.English D.German 44.A.news B.problems C.effects D.opinions 45.A.stations B.news C.announcers D.officials 46.A.home B.position C.purpose D.results 47.A.if B.supposing C.considering D.in order that 48.A.reach B.satisfy C.attack D.support 49.A.known B.reported C.called D.printed 50.A.American B.British C.standard D.enough 51.A.normal B.fast C.good D.exact 52.A.invented B.discovered C.taught D.stopped 53.A.it B.who C.which D.that 54.A.slowly B.rapidly C.normally D.loudly 55.A.pleasure B.course C.opinion D.advice 56.A.difficult B.important C.various D.common 57.A.flies B.sends C.delivers D.pasts 58.A.all B.major C.American D.news 59.A.broadcasts B.forms C.newspapers D.countries 60.A.broadcast B.announce C.translate D.prepare

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第 II 卷(共 40 分)
一:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) People _____61___ (live) in different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fifteen hundred _____62_____ in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large dictionary, for example, contains four ___63___ five hundred thousand words. But we do not need ____64____ these. To read short stories you need to know only about two thousand words. ____65_____ you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more. The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary ______66___ (big). Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books _____67____ (write) in easy English. You will enjoy them. When you meet _____68____ new word, look it ____69_____ in your dictionary. Your dictionary is your _____70_____ (much) useful book. 二:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 下文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或 修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Diary, Here I am in the middle of a city, 350 miles far away from our farmhouse. Do you want to know why we move last week? Dad lost his job, and as Mom explained, “He was lucky to find other one.” His new job meant I had to say goodbye to my classmate, my school or just everything else I love in the world. To make matters bad, now I have to share a room with my younger sister, Maggie. Tomorrow is first day of school. I am awfully tiring, but I know I’ll never fall sleep. Good night and remember, you, dear diary, is my only souvenir from my past life and my only friend. Yours, Lihua

三:书面表达(共 25 分) 随着年龄的增长,我们总想挣脱父母的怀抱,渐渐和父母产生分歧。假设你是李华,某
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中学英语杂志社正在开展题为 “How to get along well with your parents” 的征文活 动。请你根据以下要点写一篇征文稿。 1. 事前要跟父母沟通,征求他们的建议; 2. 跟父母意见不一致时要保持冷静; 3. 多花时间跟父母在一起,跟他们一块郊游等。 注意:1. 词数:120 左右; 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 How to get along well with your parents

______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

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高一下期中英语试题答案

听力 阅读 21-224 BCDA 25-28CBCC 29-31BCA 32-35 DBBA 36-40 BEAGD 完形 41-45 CBDAC 45-50 CCACD 51-55 AACAC 56-60BABAD
语法填空 61 living 62 languages 63 or 64 all 65 Before 66 bigger 67 written 68 a 69 up 70 most

改错 1 去掉 far 2 move→moved 6 3 other→another 4 classmate→classmates tiring→tired 5 or→and 10 is→are

bad→worse 7 is∧ first day→the / my 8

9 sleep→asleep

书面表达 As you are growing, you may want to be free from your parents and feel ready to make your own decisions. However, your parents will disagree with you. Your relationship with your parents may be in trouble right now. Here are some tips for you to avoid quarrels with your parents. First of all, discuss the rules ahead of time and not at the last minute. This way you will be able to tell which they will say yes or no to you before you make plans. Secondly, try to remain calm when your parents say no to something. You’d better listen to what they have to say instead of quarreling with them. Lastly, spend time with your family. Communicate with each other at home. Suggest activities that your whole family will enjoy together such as going for a hike, a bike ride, or going to the beach.

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