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豫东名校联考试题 英语 试题与答案


河南八校 2014—2015 学年上期第二次联考

高三英语试题
命题学校:睢县高中 责任老师:杨秀丽 (考试时间:120 分钟 试卷满分:150 分) 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从所给题的四个选项中,选出最佳选项,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的 答案标号涂黑。<

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A
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's second largest city, stretches itself lazily along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It is a beautiful city. It has modern malls, theme parks and beautiful beaches. A trip to Rio will also give you a glimpse of the happy lifestyle of the cariocas -- the people of Rio -- who are known for their big hearts and friendliness. Downtown Rio is the city's cultural and historical heart. It is also the perfect place for a walk. Old buildings and churches stand next to stores and dance halls, and a walk through downtown Rio is a history lesson and an adventure. The many tall office buildings remind visitors that Rio is an important commercial city. The beach is never far away in Rio. Perhaps the most famous of all beaches, Copacabana, is only a few bus stops from downtown. Copacabana, also known as the "Princess of the Sea", has just celebrated its one hundredth birthday and is more beautiful than ever. The beach is clean and over ten miles long. Visitors who get tired of the sand and the sun can cool off in one of the many café s, shops and restaurants on Copacabana's main avenue. So what kind of fun can you have in Rio? Well, there is something for everyone here and few visitors leave Rio feeling disappointed. The best time to visit is in June or July, when the South American winter cools the city, but the biggest tourism season comes around March, when the cariocas celebrate the sun with a four-day festival. The festival, known as Carnival, is one of the world's most famous and attracts visitors from all over the world. 1. According to the text, which of the following young people will most likely go to Rio de Janeiro for a visit? A. Sophia who likes skating B. Craig who loves adventure on snow C. Charles who wants to see a Carnival D. Rachael with a hobby for horse-riding 2. The writer‘s purpose in writing the passage is _________. A. to attract B. to persuade C. to entertain D. to sell a service 3. All of the following are introduced about Rio de Janeiro except__________. A. location B. attractions C.scenery D. food

B
Dogs have an amazing sense of smell thanks to 300million smell receptors in their noses, compared to only five million in the human nose. Medical dogs are trained by smelling samples of people already diagnosed with cancer and those of people without the disease so they can learn to tell the difference. Dr Claire Guest began training her dog Daisy to smell out the killer disease in urine(小便) and breath samples(样品) when she was young. So far Daisy has found cancer in 551 patients, of
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which 93 per cent were accurate. And she discovered Dr Guest‘s breast cancer before it was diagnosed– the first time she has discovered the disease actually growing in someone‘s body, rather than by smelling a sample. Dr Guest, 50, chief executive of charity Medical Detection Dogs, said: ―She pushed against my body with her nose repeatedly – I pushed her away, but she pushed against me again, clearly upset. She pushed me so hard that it hurt me. ―Her behaviour was totally out of character – she was normally such a happy dog ... I felt the tender area where she‘d pushed me, and over the next few days I discovered the tiniest lump(肿块). ―If it wasn‘t for Daisy it would have gone hidden for much longer and could have been more serious,‖ Dr Guest added. ―My own pet labrador saved my life.‖ Animal rescue charity Blue Cross presented Daisy with a medal for her achievements. She faced tough competition, including JJ, a bomb detection dog who has saved soldiers‘ lives in Afghanistan. Steve Goody, the charity‘s deputy chief executive, said: ―Cancer affects the lives of thousands of people and Daisy has made a huge contribution to the diagnosis and early treatment of cancers – she‘s a very deserving medal recipient.‖ Daisy is now helping to train a team of 12 dogs at Medical Detection Dogs and is a ?senior consultant‘ for the UK‘s first ever trial using dogs to discover breast cancer. 4. Why was Daisy awarded a medal? A. Because she can help discover cancer early. B. Because she can smell the urine and breath samples. C. Because she has saved many people‘s lives by barking. D. Because she has saved many soldiers‘ lives in Afghanistan. 5. Which of the following words is closest in meaning to ―recipient‖ in the last paragraph but one? A. Contributor B. Ancestor C. Helper D. Receiver 6. How did Daisy discover Dr Guest‘s cancer? A. By smelling the urine sample. B. By smelling the breath sample. C. By smelling the hidden cancer. D. By pushing Dr Guest hard. 7. From the text we can infer that __________. A. Cancer is easy to cure. B. Daisy and JJ competed hardly for the medal. C. Daisy is training other dogs to discover breast cancer. D. Dogs‘ special sense of discovering cancer is highly valued.

C
Down went the drills (钻井)! Up went the hopes of Darby and Uncle! Then something happened! The vein (矿脉) of gold ore (矿石) disappeared! The pot of gold was no longer there! They drilled on, desperately trying to pick up the vein again, but they found nothing. Finally, they decided to quit. They sold the machinery to a man for a few hundred dollars, and took the train back home. That man asked a mining engineer to look at the mine and do a little calculating. The engineer said that the project had failed because the owners were not familiar with ―fault lines (裂纹线)‖. His calculations showed that the vein would be found just three feet from where the Darbys had stopped drilling! That is exactly where it was found. The man took millions of dollars in ore from the mine, because he knew enough to ask for expert advice before giving up. R. U. Darby was struggling for years to pay back the money from his relatives and neighbors.
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He went into the business of selling life insurance. Remembering that he lost a huge fortune because he stopped three feet from gold, Darby profited from the experience in his chosen work, by the simple method of saying to himself: ―I stopped three feet from gold, but I will never stop because men say ?no‘ when I ask them to buy Darby is part of a small group of fewer than 50 men who sell more than a million dollars in life insurance every year. His ―stickability (坚持)‖ comes from the lesson he learned from his ―quitability‖ in the gold mining business. 8. Darby and his uncle stopped digging for gold because ______. A. they didn‘t have the machinery to dig for the ore B. they didn‘t have enough money to manage the mine C. they had tried to find the vein of gold again, but in vain D. they had already gotten lots of gold from the ore and made big profits 9. What was a good quality of the man who worked on the mine after Darby and his uncle? A. He knew the machinery well. B. He knew the importance of seeking expert advice. C. He had very strong stickability and never gave up. D. He was good at calculations and familiar with fault lines. 10. What happened to Darby in the end? A. He became a very successful businessman. B. He worked as an ordinary salesman selling life insurance. C. He lived an easy life with all the money he had earned from the gold. D. He struggled for the rest of his life to pay back the money he had borrowed. 11. What is the main message that the author intends to convey with the story? A. One is never too old to start a new career. B. Never give up and you will succeed eventually. C. It is important to have knowledge about everything. D. Don’t hesitate to ask for help when you are in need.

D
A group of university professors recently created a scanner they believe can predict the perfect job for anyone - simply by looking at their fingerprints. The group says that in the future, fingerprints could help tell a person‘s key personality. To use the scanner, people place their fingers upon the fingerprint reader and computer technology connected up to sensors( 传感器 ) reads back what sort of work would suit the individual. The device bases its results on a database of how fingerprint shapes correlate to job selection. This database was created using a variety of previous employment studies. Local employers helped researchers from the city's Kuban University of Physical Education and Sport to test the technology. Twenty one-year-old Oscar Galkin, a mathematics graduate, said: ―I got the result from the scanner that I would be suited to a job in IT - which is exactly what I want to do. I don't know if it is luck or if it can really read a person's ambitions and talents, but it worked for me.‖ And Zara Tokareva, aged 20, who feels uncomfortable at the sight of blood, said: ―I want to be a house designer but the machine said I should be a nurse. So, no, I don‘t think it is as clever as is
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being made out.‖ Though fingerprint identification has been widely used in crime discovering, it is still a science that has a lot of possibility of being used, say experts, from discovering drug abuse to personality analysis - exactly as hand readers have been saying to do for centuries. ―The basic concept is that although everybody‘s fingerprints are completely unique, there are obvious characteristics that were common on the fingers of certain professionals working in certain jobs,‖ said researcher Ravil Yudin. ―It's not really a new idea because hand readers have been saying for hundreds of years that you can tell a person‘s future by reading their hand. We want to match that by looking at fingerprints and trying to predict what career path people would choose.‖ 12.From the text we know that one day the fingerprint scanner may ___________. A. read individuals‘ mind B. tell people‘s characters C. help collect job information D.match finger shapes to jobs 13.It can be inferred that the scanner __________. A. has been used in job hunting B. is popular with young men C. helps companies a lot D. needs to be improved 14.What can we learn from what Ravil Yudin said? A. The technology of fingerprint identification can be used in many fields. B. Telling one‘s future by reading his hands started a few years ago. C. Certain people‘s fingers actually have something in common. D. The fingerprint scanner is based on a new idea. 15.What‘s the main idea of the 7th paragraph? A. The history of fingerprint technology. B. The potential use of the new technology. C. Different opinions about the fingerprint scanner D. The wide-spread use of fingerprint reading in the law field. 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Some companies may try to increase employee bonus(福利)like free food or fun social events, but Liz Wiseman, the author of Multipliers: How the Best Leaders Make Everyone Smarter, suggests a less obvious way of engaging employees: make them do something hard. 16 But managers need to know when an employee needs to be challenged. The following signs may help you determine when employees are ready for a new challenge: Everything they manage has run smoothly for a while. 17 They try to fix other problems at the office from different departments. And they've become strangely negative. If you notice an employee who fits this description, it's probably time to assign them a new challenge. 18 Give them more difficult and more complex duties, but don't ask them to change too much. You should expand on the work they're already doing. Invite them to work on something they are unfamiliar with, something outside their regular
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ability. Let them learn as they go and become more comfortable with the new project and master new skills. 19 Wiseman gives the example of asking a scientist to switch from biology to oncology (肿瘤学) . The key is to make sure you're not driving your employees too hard. But if you can strike the right balance, they are bound to be more satisfied with their job. "Although it's important for your employees to stop and celebrate success or just catch their breath, they might also be ready for the next challenge sooner than you think," Wiseman writes. 20 . Challenging work is not." A. Have them apply their ability to a new problem. B. Pay raises, bonuses(奖金), and promotions are limited. C. When they meet a problem they quickly find a solution. D. One of the toughest jobs of managers and executives is to figure out how to engage their employees. E. The survey also discovered that people were often ready for a new challenge sooner than you might think. F. Once you recognize that need, Wiseman suggests three different ideas for how to make the employee feel challenged. G. He believes that employees not only want their skills to be used at work, but they want to be challenged to expand those skills. 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 40 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 60 分) 阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。

1
Although in 1947 we were still very new to the atomic age, we knew about mushroom clouds. A huge crack (裂缝) spread across the library wall upstairs, sending teachers and students 21 down the hall. Had a new world war started? Pale-faced, our young science teacher 22 organized us to go to the beach side of the school grounds in little groups, where we watched the spreading 23 darken the bright spring sky. Rumors (谣言) flew every which way, although two hours would pass before we got the full 24 . One rumor we heard was that the Texas City Monsanto Chemical factory had 25 ; children whose parents worked there began to 26 . I 27 --that was where my 28 was working that day. The school bell rang and we were dismissed to find our way 29 . I‘d walked a quarter of the three-mile trip to my home when a car horn startled (惊吓) me to attention. My Uncle Barney 30 alongside me in his old Ford. The instant I 31 him, I knew my father was 32 . Otherwise, Papa would have come for me himself.
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As if in slow motion (动作) from a great distance, Uncle Barney 33 for me to get in. Numb(木然的) with 34 I crawled into the back seat. I 35 took notice of the man sitting there, and didn‘t 36 him until he reached for me. When Papa put his strong arms around me, I couldn‘t help 37 . Many of my fellow students 38 their parents in the explosion. Tragedy would one day come to our 39 , as it inevitably(不可避免的) comes to all, but on the day Texas City blew up, it miraculously (奇迹般地) passed us by. Because he lost his keys on that April morning, as he explained, my father 40 for another 32 years – we were to have a second lifetime forever. 21 A. walking B. rolling C. screaming D. jumping 22 A. quickly B. calmly C. anxiously D. fortunately 23 A. water B. cloud C. fog D. dirt 24 A. picture B. report C. description D. story 25 A. come up B. blown up C. been put up D. flown up 26 A. suspect B. whisper C. weep D. wonder 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. thought mother home pulled up heard fine asked heartbreak immediately greet laughing missed friends worked B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. froze father downtown drove up saw alive begged surprise never know shouting visited relatives lived C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. remembered uncle abroad walked up met gone ordered relief hardly recognize crying met society fought D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. learned teacher away lit up found wounded signed excitement always see calling lost family continued

2
I was nervous about making dumplings for the first time. Since arriving in Beijing, I have eaten lots of delicious jiaozi, and became 41 with this Chinese dish. I was interested in its 42 place in Chinese culture, 43 in Chinese New Year. What if my dumplings didn’t meet these high standards? 44 , I had a good teacher. My friend William grew up in China and had learned to make dumplings from his grandmother. We had another 45 . We bought ready-made dough (饺子 皮) from a local market. I thought that trying to make dough would be too difficult, so we 46 . We were making dumplings for a group of 47 . Some of my friends are vegetarian (as am I), so our filling 48 be fish or meat. We brought tofu, beans, scallions and cabbage. We
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steamed the beans before chopping 49 into tiny cubes (小块). Then we stirred in a 50 of soy sauce, sesame oil, vinegar and chili to make it more 51 . Next was my favorite part – the wrapping. William 52 me how to make a “cup” out of the dumpling wrapper in my hand. I then spooned some mixture into the “cup” and 53 the edges together to make the half-moon dumpling 54 . My first few tries didn’ t 55 too well, the dumplings wouldn’t stand up! 56 I soon learned how. Our hard work 57 because the dumplings tasted great. I thought they were even better than the ones I‘d eaten in restaurants, but I’m 58 biased (有偏见). Now I can’t 59 to make jiaozi again. Perhaps next time I’ll try to make my own 60 ! 41. A. careful 42. A. important 43. A. actually 44. A. Gradually 45. A. advantage 46. A. agreed 47. A. students 48. A. hasn‘t 49. A. nothing 50. A. comparison 51. A. colorful 52. A. asked 53. A. connected 54. A. shape 55. A. develop 56. A. But 57. A. went on 58. A. certainly 59. A. afford 60. A. dish B. fascinated B. practical B. generally B. Luckily B. teacher B. cheated B. visitors B. couldn‘t B. something B. balance B. spicy B. taught B. opened B. model B. begin B. So B. got through B. normally B. manage B. dough C. concerned C. different C. eventually C. Particularly C. schedule C. failed C. friends C. needn‘t C. anything C. mixture C. sweet C. warned C. pulled C. type C. play C. Otherwise C. paid off C. probably C. refuse C. fillings D. bored D. strange D. especially D. Naturally D. trouble D. passed D. strangers D. wouldn‘t D. everything D. separation D. tasty D. watched D. pressed D. size D. work D. Therefore D. ended up D. rarely D. wait D. wrapping

第 II 卷
注意事项:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 阅读下面的材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Saturday, 15 July, 1944 ―For in its innermost depths, childhood is 61 (lonely)than old age.‖ I read this saying in some book and I've always remembered it, and found it to be true. Is it true then that growups have a more difficult time here than we 62 ? No, I know it isn‘t. Older people 63 (form) their
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opinions about everything, 64 don‘t hesitate before they act. It‘s twice as hard for us young ones to hold our ground, and maintain our opinions. Anyone 65 claims that older ones have a more difficult time here certainly doesn‘t realize to what extent our 66 (problem) weigh down on us, problems for which we are much too young, but which are continuous, unitl, after a long time, we think we‘ve found a solution, but 67 solution doesn‘t seem fit with the facts. That‘s the difficulty: ideals, dreams, and cherished hopes rise within us, only to meet the terrible 68 (true)and be destroyed. It‘s really a wonder that I haven‘t dropped all my ideals, because they seem so 69 (realistic) and impossible 70 (carry)out. Yet I keep them, because in spite of everything I still believe that people are really good at heart... 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分 I'm an Australian boy aging 17 and I'm crazy about music. It is one of the most important thing in my life. I listen music whenever I can. I have a minidisk player, with it I can have access to music whether walking in the street or ride on the bus. At home, there has a CD player in my room, and the music is on all the time. I like rock music best of all. My favorite band is Rolling Stones, which had produced 40 albums since 1966. It so happened that there was a living concert of Rolling Stones last Sunday. I decided to go. It was a great fun. I am also fond of classical music. I especially enjoy playing Beethoven once I‘m doing my homework. 第二节 书面表达(共35分) 请根据以下内容,写一篇短文。 星光中学(Xingguang High School)近期举行了一次登山活动。假定你是学校英语报记 者,请写一篇短文,报道此次活动。内容包括: 1. 时间与地点:4 月 10 日,芒砀山(Mangdang Mountain); 2. 活动的过程; 3. 你对于这次活动的评论。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

【高三英语试题 第 8 页(共 8 页)】

河南八校 2014—2015 学年上期第二次联考

英语参考答案
阅读理解 A 篇 1-3 CAD B 篇 4-7ADCD C 篇 8-11 CBAB D 篇 12-15 BDCB 七选五 16-20 GCFAB 完形填空 21-30CABDB CBBAA 31-40BCDAC CCDDB 41-45 BADBA 46-50 BCBDC 51-55 DBDAD 56-60 ACCDB 语法填空 61.lonelier /more lonely 62.do 63. have formed 64.and 65.who 66.problems 67.the 68.truth 69.unrealistic 70. to carry 短文改错 1. aging-aged 2. thing-things 3.listen 后加 to 4.it-which 5.ride-riding 6.has-is 7.had-has 8. living-live 9. a great fun 中的 a 去掉 10. once- when 书面表达 Possible version In order to encourage the students to take outdoor exercise, our school organized a mountain-climbing on April 10. Hundreds of us took part in it. It was a nice day. At 8:00 am, we gathered at the foot of Mangdang Mountain and set out for the top in high spirits. All the way we were chatting, singing and laughing, enjoying the fresh air and the beautiful scenery. When some fell behind, others would come and offer help. About two hours later, we all reached the top. Bathed in sunshine, we jumped and cheered with joy. The activity benefited us a lot. Not only did it get us close to nature and give us relaxation from heavy school work, it also promoted the friendship among us. What a wonderful time!

【高三英语试题 第 9 页(共 8 页)】


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