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希望英语2(第二版)综合教程U1


希望英语 (第二版) 综合教程 12 希望英语 (第二版) 综合教程

Unit 1 Lifestyle
外语教学与研究出版社

希望英语(第二版)综合教程 2

Unit 1 Lifestyle

Speaking

Reading B & Reading C



Reading A

Writing

Grammar Presentation Listening

Speaking

Task 1 Task 2

Task 3

Home

Speaking

Task 1

Look at the pictures on page 2 and list words or phrases about them. Then share your work with others.
Suggested Words:

school bus fresh air reading

keep fit relaxing laughter

healthy shopping fun

routine bicycling leisure

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Speaking

Task 2

Use the following sentence patterns and the words or phrases from Task 1 to talk about the pictures on Page 2. A. One of… is … B. … be supposed to…
Sample Sentences:

One of the most relaxing things for me is to ride a bicycle to the countryside and breathe in some fresh air.
Life is supposed to be full of fun and laughter. He is supposed to get to school on time.

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Speaking

Task 3

Work in pairs. Take turns asking your partner the following questions and make notes. Organize your notes and report to the class using the given paragraph as a model.
? Will you please describe a typical day of your life? ? Which would you prefer, “work hard and play hard”, or “all work and no play”? ? What do you wish your life to be like?
Model Report Michelle has just quit her first job selling sportswear at a shopping center. It’s not the money. It’s just that she has had enough of showing a professional smile all the time. Besides, she hates working on weekends while everybody else is having fun. For her, life is not supposed to be like that. It should be something more than just working—a harmless joke, a romantic dinner, an exciting tour. It seems that her first working experience has given her some serious ideas about her way of life.

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Reading A
Task 1 Task 5 Task 6 Task 7 Task 8

Task 2 Text
New Words and Expressions Task 3 Task 4

Home

Reading A

Task 1

Give brief answers to the following questions. Then ask your partner about his/her answers and take notes.
1.From your point of view, what are healthy lifestyles for college students?
From my point of view/In my opinion, healthy lifestyles for college students should include many interesting activities. When enjoying these activities, we can let off steam, relax and have fun with friends, but without spending much time and money or doing harm to our health.

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Reading A

Task 1

Give brief answers to the following questions. Then ask your partner about his/her answers and take notes. 2. As a college student, what new lifestyles do you want to try?
I would like to spend more time on sports, and have fun with friends, or get myself busy with part-time jobs.

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Reading A

Task 1

Give brief answers to the following questions. Then ask your partner about his/her answers and take notes. 3. How do you manage your budget after you arrive on college campus?
Well, I have made a “to spend list” each month and cross out the unnecessary spending. From time to time, I try free offers.

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Reading A

Task 1

Give brief answers to the following questions. Then ask your partner about his/her answers and take notes. 4.What debts do you have to handle on campus? Have you been burdened with them?
The debts I have to handle are bills for cell phone service, going out, having parties, shopping, etc. Yes, I have been burdened with them. I could hardly work my way to handle them.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

Debts on Campus
There is no question that many college students cannot avoid debt these days. While colleges are allocating a greater share of financial aid to student loans, tuition increases are outpacing inflation. As a result, most students are immediately burdened with debt unless they arrive on campus with a scholarship.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

A common debt is the cell phone bill. After leaving home, students may want to be in contact more with their parents and friends on a regular basis. If the cell phone activities go unchecked, students could find themselves in a phone debt. The wisest thing for students to do is find a cell phone that offers free minutes and try not to exceed the free minutes. Another suggestion would be to get a cell phone that has a pay-as-you-plan to eliminate the possibility of a huge phone debt.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

The most common debt for college students comes from credit cards. Even at a time when the sluggish economy is being blamed on lenders who gave home loans to people who couldn’t afford them, college students remain a prime target for credit card issuers. Banks are bombarding college students with credit-card offers, with minimum requirements. Credit card companies are willing to give students access to instant credit with credit cards. College campuses are thus flooded with credit card brochures.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

As college students arrive on campus, they have a lot more freedom than what they’ve been used to, which generally sets the traps for these wide-eyed kids hitting the “real world” on their own. It is this freedom that leads to students’ uncontrolled use of credit cards. And in turn, it leads students to feel as if they could do as they wish, without thinking about the consequences these cards can bring them. With the newly-gained independence, they suddenly want to explore new lifestyles. Many students have a tendency to try and live unrealistic lifestyles in an attempt to keep up with the “in crowd”. They tend to go out and party to let off steam, relax and have fun with friends.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

Spurred by federal requirements, colleges routinely conduct advisory sessions with new students getting financial aid, but the warnings often fall on deaf ears. Many students may depend upon the idea that they will be rich some day and that they can take care of all their debts once they get a job. Something they don’t take into consideration is the harsh reality that they may not find a job in their career field right away.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

There’s nothing wrong with trying new lifestyles, but students may forget just how expensive this can be if they begin doing it several times a week. If students absolutely must have a credit card, they have to make sure that they can pay the monthly balances so as not to incur unnecessary interest charges. They need to sit down and figure out exactly how often they really can afford to go out so as not to overextend their budget. Otherwise, many students will face heavy credit card debt.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

Overall, it is possible to handle debts while in college, but it takes a bit of dedication. With careful planning, money troubles need not blight their student days.

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Reading A

校园债务
毫无疑问,债务是目前很多大学生都无法回 避的问题。虽然各大学从财政援助中划拨的助学 贷款份额不断增加,学费增长的速度还是超过了 通货膨胀的速度。因此,如果不是靠奖学金上大 学,很多学生一进校园就会背负债务。

Text

Reading A
常见的一种债务是手机话费账单。离家后, 学生可能希望定期与父母和朋友有更多联系。如 果不适当控制使用手机,学生会发现自己不知不 觉就欠上了手机话费。最明智的做法是:使用提 供免费通话时间的手机并尽力不超过免费通话时 间。还有一个建议是使用充值手机消除产生高额 手机债务的可能性。

Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A
对大学生来说最常见的债务来自信用卡。即 便在目前这个阶段,一方面人们将经济的停滞不 前归咎于贷款方盲目向无偿还能力者发放房屋贷 款,一方面大学生仍然成为信用卡发放者的主要 目标群体。银行不断地向学生提供办卡服务。这 些卡只需要达到最低信用要求即可办理。许多信 用卡公司还愿意为学生提供信用卡即时赊账业务。 大学校园里宣传信用卡的小册子因此泛滥成灾。

Text

A-Trans-4

Reading A
上大学后,学生们就有了比过去多得多的自 由,这种自由使这些天真的孩子们在独立接触 “真实社会”时陷入困境。正是这种自由导致学 生不加控制地使用信用卡。反过来也使他们觉得 自己可以随心所欲,却不考虑这些信用卡带来的 后果。也正因为学生刚刚获得独立,他们突然希 望探索新的生活方式。很多学生倾向于尝试不现 实的生活方式,以免落伍。为了减轻压力、放松 放松、和朋友一起找找乐子,他们往往喜欢外出、 参加聚会。
Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A
按照联邦政府的要求,各大学也例行公事地 为获得资助的新生提供咨询,但学生们对这些忠 告总是充耳不闻。学生也许抱着这样一种想法: 他们将来会变得富有,一旦找到工作他们就能清 偿所有债务。他们没有考虑到的一个严峻现实是: 他们有可能在职场中无法马上找到工作。

Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A
尝试新的生活方式本身并没有什么错,但学生 可能会忘记,如果一周参加好几次这类活动,花费 得有多高。如果学生一定要拥有一张信用卡,他们 需确保每月能付清信用卡上的欠款,这样才不至于 支付不必要的利息。他们需要坐下来,准确计算一 下自己究竟有能力支付几次这类活动而不至于透支。 否则,很多学生将面临沉重的信用卡债务。

Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A

总之,大学期间是有可能处理好债务问题的, 但需要付出一点努力。只要仔细筹划,他们的学 生时代就不会受金钱问题的困扰。

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tackle

Reading A

Task 2
allocate

New Words and Expressions

v. to distribute (resources or duties) for a particular purpose e.g. Students are allocated accommodation on a yearly basis. Translation 一些病人正等着分配床位。

Several patients were waiting to be allocated a bed.
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tackle

Reading A

Task 2
outpace

New Words and Expressions

v. to go, rise, improve, etc. faster than somebody/something e.g. He easily outpaced the other runners. Translation 空缺岗位数多于有资格的工人数。

Job openings were outpacing the supply of qualified workers.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

be burdened with

to carry something heavy e.g. The poor man was burdened with a very large family. Translation 我们拒绝与负债的公司合作。

We refuse to cooperate with a company burdened with debt

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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

be in contact with

to be in the act of communicating with somebody
e.g. The two companies are in little contact with each other. Translation 她让我与这个领域的一位专家取得了联系。

She put me in contact with an expert in the field.

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tackle

Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

unchecked

a. not controlled or stopped from getting worse
e.g. We cannot allow such behavior to continue unchecked. Translation
这个坏习惯,如果被忽视的话,可能会在日后导 致严重的问题。

This habit, if left unchecked, may cause serious problems later.
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Reading A

Task 2
exceed

New Words and Expressions

v. to be greater than a particular number or amount e.g. The supplier promised that the unit price will not exceed $10. Translation 他因为超速被罚款了。 He was fined for exceeding the speed limit.

Text

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Reading A

Task 2
eliminate

New Words and Expressions

v. to remove or get rid of something or somebody e.g. Under the agreement, all trade barriers will be eliminated. Translation 信用卡减少了现金或支票的需求量。

The credit card eliminates the need for cash or cheques.

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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

sluggish

v. moving, reacting or working more slowly than normal and in a way that seems lazy e.g. Economic recovery has so far been sluggish. Translation 吉姆工作到很晚,感到又疲劳又迟钝。

Jim worked late feeling tired and sluggish.

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Reading A

Task 2
access to

New Words and Expressions

the right to enter a place or use something e.g. All the students should have access to the library. e.g. You need a password to get access to the computer system. Translation 这些文件只限高级管理层使用。 Access to the papers is restricted to senior management.

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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

on one’s own

without help; independently e.g. We can’t solve this problem all on our own. Translation 你不能期望他能完全独立完成。 You can’t expect him to do it all on his own.

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Reading A

Task 2
in turn

New Words and Expressions

as a result of something in a series of events e.g. Increased production will, in turn, lead to increased profits. Translation 利率下降了,因此,股价上扬了。 Interest rates were cut and, in turn, share prices rose.

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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

consequence

n. a result of something that has happened e.g. This decision could have serious consequences for the future of the industry. Translation 许多人认为贫困是人口过多的直接后果。 Many believe that poverty is a direct consequence of overpopulation.
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Reading A

Task 2
tendency

New Words and Expressions

n. if somebody/something has a particular tendency, they are likely to behave or act in a particular way e.g. The woman has a tendency to talk too much when she was nervous. Translation 这种药是有效的,但可能会导致头疼。

The drug is effective but has a tendency to cause headaches.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

unrealistic

a. not showing or accepting things as they are e.g. It is unrealistic to expect them to be able to solve the problems immediately. Translation 有些父母对孩子有着完全不现实的期望。 Some parents have totally unrealistic expectations of their children.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

let off steam

to get rid of your anger or excitement in a way that does not harm anyone by doing something active e.g. Now it is nice to relax and let off some steam after a long week at work. Translation 许多人通过锻炼来舒缓压力。 A lot of people exercise to let off steam.
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Reading A

Task 2
spur

New Words and Expressions

v. to encourage somebody to do something or to encourage him or her to try harder to achieve something e.g. The band has been spurred on by the success of their last single. Translation
正是当地报纸上的一篇文章促使他最终采取行动的。

It was an article in the local newspaper that finally spurred him into action.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

advisory

a. having the role of giving professional advice e.g. He was employed in a purely advisory role. Translation 顾问委员会下周一将开会讨论这个问题。 The advisory committee will meet to discuss this issue next Monday.

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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

take… into consideration

to think about and include a particular thing or fact when you are forming an opinion or making a decision e.g. Your teacher will take your current illness into consideration when marking your exams.

Translation 你应该考虑到成本增加的因素。
You should take the rising costs into consideration.
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Reading A

Task 2
harsh

New Words and Expressions

a. cruel, unkind e.g. We had to face up to the harsh life here in the new country. Translation 上周的天气恶劣导致巨大损失。 The harsh weather last week caused great losses.

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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

absolutely

ad. completely and in every way e.g. The doctor said he had made it absolutely clear to us all. Translation 他对市场营销完全没有经验。 He has absolutely no experience of marketing.

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Reading A

Task 2
incur

New Words and Expressions

v. to receive (esp. something unpleasant) as a result of one’s actions e.g. The company incurred heavy losses in its first year. Translation 从那天起他便惹我讨厌。 He incurred my dislike from that day on.

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Reading A

Task 2
budget

New Words and Expressions

n. a plan of how a certain amount of money will be spent over a period of time e.g. We decorated the house with a tight budget. Translation 她试图将每月的开支限制在五百元以下。

She tried to keep her monthly budget below $500.

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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

dedication

n. the hard work and effort that somebody puts into an activity because they think it is important e.g. His dedication to teaching gained the respect of his peers. Translation 我欣赏他对工作的投入。 I admire his dedication to the job.
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Reading A

Task 2
blight

New Words and Expressions

v. damage something especially by causing a lot of problems e.g. His life has been blighted by the sudden accident. Translation 这次考试失败差点毁了她的大学梦想。 This test failure nearly blighted her dream of going to college.
Text

Reading A

Task 3

Read the passage again and fill in the following table.

Debts on Campus
Common Debts
Debt 1: Cell phone bill. Debt 2: Credit cards.

Reasons for debts

Reason 1: Students want to be in contact more with their parents and new friends. Their cell phone activities go unchecked. Reason 2: Credit card companies are bombarding college students with credit card offers. Reason3: Students gain more freedom after leaving home and they wish they could try what they wish. Solution 1: Students can find a cell phone that offers free minutes with their plan and try not to exceed the free minutes; they can also get a cell phone that has a pay-as-you-plan. Solution 2: They must make sure that they can pay the monthly balances and keep a careful eye on their budget by going out for fewer times.

Solutions

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Reading A

Task 4

Fill in the blanks with words or phrases from the reading on Page 5 according to the meaning in the column on the right. The first letters are already given. Compare with your partner.

llocate a_________ ccess a_________ c__________ onsequence e_________ xplore t________ endency u________ nrealistic e_________ xceed h_________ arsh liminate e_______ i_____________ n contact with

give something officially to somebody/something way in; entrance result; something that follows from an action examine carefully in order to learn more a natural likelihood of developing in a particular way not showing or accepting things as they are be greater than cruel or unkind get rid of in the act of communicating with somebody

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Reading A

Task 5

Complete the following sentences with words or phrases from Task 4. Change forms if necessary.
access The only __________ to the school is across the bridge. explored They __________ all the possibilities, but couldn’t find the right answer. In order to gain the contract, he had to accept the __________ terms. harsh According to the latest report, the storm is showing a __________ to tendency move eastward. 5. The government __________a large sum of money for a new hospital. has allocated 6. You should consider the consequences before you make the choice. __________ exceeded 7. I couldn’t help crying because the bad news __________ my worst fears. unrealistic 8. She lived in a (n)__________ world and was unwilling to face the reality. 9. If you want to __________ the mistakes from your writing, you should do eliminate some careful reading. 10. Since I left home for college, I _______________________most of my have been in contact with high school classmates. 0

1. 2. 3. 4.

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Reading A

Task 6

Complete the following sentences using the following words or phrases plus something of your own.
eliminate exceed incur bombard spur

Suggested Answers: 1. He drove too fast and exceeded the speed limit so he was stopped by the police. 2. The reporters bombarded the actress with questions in order to know more about the movie. 3. The police eliminated all the possibilities after they questioned the suspect. 4. The coach spurred his players to fight hard by shouting aloud. 5. His words incurred the anger of his friend because what he said had hurt her.
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Reading A

Task 7

Rewrite the following sentences after the models.
Model 1: If they don’t arrive on campus with a scholarship, most students are immediately burdened with debt. —Most students are immediately burdened with debt unless they arrive on campus with a scholarship. 1. I will leave at nine unless you want to go earlier. 2. I won’t write to him unless he writes to me first.

3. Stay in the room unless you are told to leave.
4. Do not apply for so many credit cards unless you have enough regular income. 5. I shall go to the park to meet her unless it rains.
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Reading A

Task 7

Rewrite the following sentences after the models.
Model 2: After students leave home, they may want to be in contact more with their parents and friends on a regular basis. —After leaving home, students may want to be in contact more with their parents and friends on a regular basis. 1. When receiving the letter, he will tell us as soon as possible. 2. Before leaving the classroom, the teacher asked me to go to his office. 3. After going to college, students have to learn how to handle their money. 4. If asked about the accident, you’d better keep silent. 5. After carefully examined, the man was permitted to leave the entrance.

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Reading A

Task 8

Translate the following sentences into English paying attention to the highlighted parts. 1.汤姆不想因学费增加父母的负担。 Tom didn’t want his parents to be burdened with his tuition. 2.政府正采取各种措施以消除通货膨胀的可能性。 The government is taking measures to eliminate the possibility of inflation. 3.地震后红十字会拨出了大量资金救助灾民。 After the earthquake the Red Cross allocated a large sum of money to help the victims.

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Reading A

Task 8

Translate the following sentences into English paying attention to the highlighted parts. 4.该公司在这场金融危机中蒙受了巨大损失。 The company incurred a heavy loss during the financial crisis. 5.考虑到公司的财务状况, 经理认为每个人的费用不应超过100美元。 Taking the financial situation of the company into consideration, the manager thought the cost for each person should not exceed $100.

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Grammar

Task 1 Task 2

Task 3

Home

Grammar Task 1
Study the following grammar tips for modal auxiliaries and match them with the sentences in the column on the right.
1. 在否定疑问句中,情态动词通常都 用缩略形式。
2. would 可用来表示过去常发生的 行为或动作。

A. When we were students we would spend our holidays in the countryside. B. You should have come here on time. C. Can’t you help me look after the baby while I’m busy? D. You needn’t have bought me such an expensive watch. E. She must have been caught in a traffic jam.

3. “情态动词 + have + 过去分词” 结构用于对过去所发生的事进行推测。
4. “needn’t + have + 过去分词” 表示在行为发生后说话人认为“本不 必去做”。 5. “should (not) + have + 过去 分词”用于表示责备;肯定式表示说 话人认为“该做的事没有做”,而否 定式则表示“不该做的却做了”。

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Grammar Task 2
Complete the following sentences using proper forms of modal auxiliaries. would 1. When he was in his thirties he __________ get up early and do some running at weekends. 2. You __________ have typed the contract for me yesterday. You knew we should must sign it today. must/might 3. She ___________ have overslept. She never comes late for work. Wouldn’t 4. (not)__________ you have another cup of coffee? might/could not 5. She invited all of you but me. She (not)_______________ have taken me for her good friend.

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Grammar Task 3
Translate the following into English.

1.我昨天不该喝那么多啤酒的。

I shouldn’t have drunk so much beer yesterday.

2.你本不必来那么早。会议9点才开始。

You needn’t have been here so early. The meeting begins at nine o’clock. She would turn to her sister for help whenever there was a problem.

3.过去一遇到问题,她就会去找她姐姐帮忙。 4.地面是湿的。刚才一定是下过雨了。
The ground is wet. It must have just rained.

5.难道她不该涨工资吗?
Shouldn’t she have a pay-raise?

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Listening
Task 1
Task 2 Task 3 Task 4 Task 5 Task 6 Task 7

Home

Listening Task 1
Listen to the five statements twice and write them down.

1.
2.

3.
4.

After leaving home, students may want to be in contact more with _________________________________________________ their parents and friends on a regular basis. Credit card companies are willing to give students access to instant credit with credit cards. _________________________________________________ Many students have a tendency to try and live unrealistic lifestyles in an attempt to keep up with the “in crowd”. _________________________________________________ Something they don’t take into consideration is the harsh reality that they may not find a job in their career field right away. _________________________________________________

They need to sit down and figure out exactly how often they really can afford to go out so as not to overextend their budget. 5. _________________________________________________

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Listening Task 2
Listen to the four dialogs, and choose the best answer to each of the questions you hear.

C C B B

1. A. Amanda goes to student parties to relax. B. Amanda has missed the party. C. Amada goes to parties quite often. 2. A. He thinks his daughter should just stop worrying about the loan. B. He thinks his daughter should ask for more money from the student loan. C. He thinks his daughter should have handled the loan carefully. 3. A. To exercise each month. B. To stick to a budget each month. C. To save money month by month. 4. A. Go to the trip right now. B. Save more money for the trip next summer. C. Work hard next summer vacation.
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Listening Task 2
SCRIPT
1. Man: It’ll be nice if Amanda decides to join us for the party. Woman: Well, she never misses a student party to let off steam. Q: What does the woman mean? 2. Daughter: I can’t believe I have almost spent all $10,000 of my student loan. Father: Wow, that money was supposed to last you all year. Q: What does the man mean? 3. Man: I’m hoping that I can get my finances in better shape. I can’t spend money this way. Woman: Well, follow a month-by-month plan. Q: What does the woman suggest the man to do? 4. Woman: Have you saved enough money for the trip around the Great Canyons? Man: You know, I’m a bit hard up these days. Maybe I’ll do it next summer vacation. Q: What will the man probably do?

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Listening Task 3
Listen to the short passage and fill in the blanks with what you hear. The Modern Way to Chat I see my good friend Jennifer every five weeks or so, because both of us with are busy _____________ our jobs. But we seem to keep up-to-date, although not through traditional methods. We _____________ mostly through instant communicate messaging (IM) or online chatting, which has some obvious advantages over e-mail and even the telephone. E-mail has provided us with a way to communicate _____________ over regularly distance and allows us to stay in touch _____________. But instant messaging takes this concept a step further by _____________ an creating atmosphere of conversation. It gives you the feeling of actively talking with someone. And it is much faster than most e-mails and only a little slower than real conversations. Instant messaging is quite like a telephone call, but much cheaper. It is useful for daily five-minute _____________ about the weather or longer exchange conversations about love and life, but at a much lower price, especially when you want to keep in touch with friends who are far away.
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Listening Task 4
Listen to the dialogue. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F).
F T T F F

1. The man and the woman are very close friends. 2. The woman’s parents are planning a big family gathering. 3. The man enjoys being together with the woman’s family. 4. The woman suggests going to for holiday. 5. Finally they decide to join the big family gathering.

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Listening Task 4
SCRIPT
Mark: Jane: M: J: M: J: M: J: Honey, what shall we do for the coming holiday? My parents told me they are planning a big family gathering in Lancaster. All my uncles and aunts will bring their children along. Shall we go and join them? Well… It might not be a good idea. Why? Honey, I do enjoy being together with your family. But we’ve been spending our holidays with them for the last two years. Why not just the two of us this time? Hmm, …I know, but my parents… Don’t worry. They’ll understand. So…what do you think of going to Paris? Yeah, good idea!

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Listening Task 5
Approval Great!/Excellent!/Fantastic!/Terrific! You’re right. I agree. I can’t agree more. That’s quite a good idea. I am for it. I love this idea. You can say that again. That makes two of us. Disapproval I don’t think so. I’m afraid not. I disagree. I can’t accept it. I don’t think much of the idea. I don’t suppose that’s good, really. I must say I find it difficult to accept. I’m against it. Objection!

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Listening Task 6
Listen to the dialogue and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Mike’s reasons for a trip somewhere not faraway: 1. Breaks are coming. ______ hardworking to relax 2. He is a(n) ____________student, and he needs _______. 3. He is _______________ these days. on a tight budget

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Listening Task 6
SCRIPT
Lisa: Mike: L: M: L: M: Hi, Mike. Hey, Lisa. What are you doing here? I work here on weekends. How come you decided to come to the travel agency? Planning a trip? Yeah, you know our vacation is coming, and I need a quick getaway trip. We hardworking students really need to relax. Right. I’m on a tight budget these days but I want to get out of this town for a while, to somewhere just not faraway, Florida, maybe. Let me see if there is a suitable flight for you. Preferably below $400. One by Pacific Air for $320. Eh, that sounds good. All right. Just let me confirm the time.
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L: M: L: M: L:

Listening Task 7
Work in pairs and create the following role-play.

You and your roommate are talking about student debts. You think credit cards are very good for students, while your roommate strongly disagree because he/she thinks credit cards may bring terrible consequences.

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Reading B & Reading C
Reading B Text New Words and Expressions

Reading C Text
New Words and Expressions Task

Task

Home

Reading B

Text

Totally Involved in “Cyber” Lifestyle
A net addict clicks away at his keyboard every day. He works on the computer. He plays on the computer. He “lives” on the computer.

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Reading B

Text

Bonnie Landsberger is one such person. Her name came into my head right away when I was asked to write a story about someone who “lives” on the computer. She has 4 PCs, two of which are on nearly 12 hours a day.

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Reading B

Text

Landsberger says, “How in the world did I ever survive without the Internet? 90% of my day is spent sitting in front of a PC monitor whether I’m online or not. The dishes pile up and the dust collects, my hair grows longer and straighter, my body doesn’t get much exercise, but none of the friends I’m in contact with the most ever see it.”

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Reading B

Text

Landsberger started playing on the computer for the joy of it. She created her own web site for Moonlight Design, the web-based home business she’d started three years ago. By last October her web site had brought in so much work that she resigned her position to work full time on her own design business.

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Reading B

Text

“A large part of my daily life now completely revolves around the Internet,” says Landsberger. She spends five hours a day online with work-related tasks, such as doing research on the web and performing routine web site maintenance. About 3–4 hours daily are used for reading and answering e-mails.

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Reading B

Text

Landsberger loves to talk to people who share her hobby or career-related interests. There have been occasions in which Landsberger has been able to meet, in real life, people that she met on the computer.

B-Text-2

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Reading B

Text

Landsberger admits that she spends her money on software instead of new clothes, and that she never has time for keeping up with hair cuts or housework. Her neighbor has called her a hermit, a word she uses rather affectionately to describe the hours she spends on the computer.

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Reading B

Text

Landsberger explains, “Most of my life is in this box with a window. I rarely get out of the house except to do a little gardening—most often my husband does the shopping. When I do get out, it’s usually for business purposes.”

B-Text-2

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Reading B

Text

I gave Landsberger my own little test to see if she was a “Net Addict”. She had a perfect score, which means that she’s definitely living a “Cyber” lifestyle!

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Reading B

Task

Read the passage. The following statements are descriptions for a net addict. Write T beside each true statement and F beside each false statement.

1. Landsberger works on the computer, plays on the computer, and ―lives‖ on the computer. 2. Landsberger does not sit in front of a PC monitor unless she is online. 3. Landsberger’s web site had made her so busy that she quit her job to work full time on her design business. 4. Landsberger spends 3–4 hours every week reading and answering e-mails. 5. Landsberger loves to chat with people on the computer.

T F T F T F F

6. Most of Landsberger’s money is spent on new clothes.
7. She never goes out of the house except to do a little gardening.

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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

click

v. to press a button on a computer mouse or a remote control e.g. You can buy what you want just by clicking the mouse on your computer.
Translation 双击选中你需要的图片。 Choose the image you want by clicking twice.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

survive

v. to continue to live or exist, esp. after coming close to death e.g. He survived after the horrible earthquake. Translation 我相信她会挺过这次危机的。 I’m sure she will survive this crisis.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

resign

v. to give up one’s job or office e.g. He decided to resign from the board of directors. Translation 她上周从政府部门退休了。 She resigned from the government last week.

Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

revolve

v. to move around a central point e.g. Their troubles revolve around money management. Translation
这家餐厅慢慢地旋转,城市美景一览无余。

The restaurant slowly revolves, giving excellent views of the city.
Text

Reading B

New Words and Expressions

affectionately

ad. dearly, showing fond feelings e.g. He treats her affectionately. Translation 当这对夫妇团聚时,他们深情地亲吻。 When the couple were united, they kissed each other affectionately.
Text

Reading C

Text

British Pub Culture
There is no quicker way into the vein of British culture than to to enter one of her pubs. The pub is __________ (1) the Englishman what the coffeehouse is to the Italian or the café to the Frenchman—life would go on without it, but life would be much duller imagine __________ (2). Just as it is difficult to __________ (3) Paris without her lively cafés, England without pubs is unthinkable. Curiously, one of the difficult questions to answer is “What is a pub?”
comes to reminded duller serves exhausted takes gather to imagine unlike

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Reading C

Text

exhausted A pub is the place where the __________ (4) football team comes to have a drink after ten hours in the summer sun. It is takes the first place that a villager __________ (5) a guest. In the city pub, financial analysts meet for a quick beer during lunch before heading back to the office. It is where old college friends __________ (6) to relive gather memories, and current undergraduates meet to celebrate the end of exams. It is the comes to place a visitor __________ (7) first when in a new village or city, because it is the quickest way to provide some of the warmth and comfort that you’ve been lacking after looking at museums all day. comes to duller exhausted gather imagine
reminded serves takes to unlike
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Reading C

Text

The pub is an integral part of British history. Many of the pubs in the UK could easily be museums where the visitor would be __________reminded (8) to “please do not touch” the furniture. However, __________ (9) castlesunlike churches, the public house still and serves __________ (10) its purpose, and continues to play a vital role in everyday life.
comes to reminded duller serves exhausted takes gather to imagine unlike

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Reading C

New Words and Expressions

vein

v. a particular style or manner e.g. His second novel is in very much the same vein as the first. Translation 他作风残酷。 He has a vein of cruelty.

Text

Reading C

New Words and Expressions

exhausted

a. very tired e.g. The exhausted climbers were saved by helicopters. Translation 三个人都是又热、又脏且精疲力竭。 All three men were hot, dirty, and exhausted.

Text

Reading C

New Words and Expressions

head to

to move in a particular direction to some place e.g. She headed to the front door. Translation 不守法可能会引起麻烦。 Disobeying the law can head to trouble.

Text

Reading C

New Words and Expressions

current

a. happening now; of the present time e.g. your current employer current prices Translation 目前,这辆车值1000英镑。 In its current state, the car is worth ? 1,000.

Text

Reading C

New Words and Expressions

integral

a. being an essential part of something e.g. Music is an integral part of the school’s curriculum. Translation 蔬菜是我们饮食中不可缺少的一部分。 Vegetables are an integral part of our diet.

Text

Writing
Writing for General Purposes
Task Writing for Specific Purposes Task

Home

Writing for General Purposes Task
The following information is about Kennedy. Rearrange the sentences to form a paragraph in order of time.
Suggested Answers: 3, 5, 2, 6, 4, 1

Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on May 29, 1917. After graduating from Harvard in 1940, he entered the Navy. In 1943, when his PT boat was sunk by a Japanese destroyer, Kennedy, despite grave injuries, led the survivors through perilous waters to safety. Back from the war, he became a Democratic Congressman from the Boston area, advancing in 1953 to the Senate. He married Jacqueline Bouvier on September 12, 1953. In 1955 he wrote Profiles in Courage, which won the Pulitzer Prize.

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Writing for Specific Purposes Task
Send a friend of yours an e-mail to inform her of a conference on English Language Teaching held in Beijing. Your writing should include her e-mail address and the subject.
Sample Writing

To: marylin@hotmail.com Subject: ELT conference Hi Mary, I am writing to inform you of a conference on English Language Teaching held in Beijing this June. Hope you can attend the meeting. Therefore we can have the chance to meet each other and get together with our friends in Beijing. Please refer to the attachment for detailed information about the meeting. John
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Presentation Notes (Template)

Presentation
Work in groups. Give a 5-minute presentation about your field work. Take notes while listening to other groups.
Group Number Topic Conclusion Comment

1 2 3 4 5

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希 望 英 语 (第二版)综合教程 1

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