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牛津高中英语模块5 Unit3 project难句解析


SENTENCE EXPLANATIONS
重点句子 1 From the point of view of some people, we are only doing what humans have always done, using nature to meet our own needs. (P58)

句型提示 在这个句子中, are

only doing 是主句; we what humans have always done 是宾语从句; From the point of view of some people 是介词短语作状语; using nature to meet our own needs 是 V-ing 短语作状语。 深层讲解 from the point of view of sb.是介词短语作状语, 也可改为 from one’ s point of view 的形式,意为“根据某人的观点,在某人看来” 。如: From the farmer’s point of view, water is the most important for growing crops. 巩固练习(A) 翻译句子。 1. 在孩子们看来,老师做任何事情都是对的。 2. 他回答说,他只是在做一些他应该做的事情。

重点句子 2 Other people argue that such thinking may cause a catastrophe, unless we start to look around and understand how a clean environment benefits us all. (P58) 句型提示 在这个句子中,Other people argue 是主句;that ...是宾语从句;宾 语从句中又包含一个条件状语从句。在条件状语从句中,一个主语带有两个并列 的谓语部分,即:start to look around 和 understand how ...;第二个谓语部分 understand 带了一个宾语从句。 深层讲解 1. unless 是连词,相当于 if ... not ...,意为“除非,如果不” ,引导条件状语 从句; 2. benefit 是及物动词,意为“使??受益” 。此外,它也可作不及物动词, 意为 “得益于” 常与介词 from 连用。 He has benefited from his fruit trees now。 , 如: 巩固练习(B) 翻译句子。 1. 除非你亲自向他认错,否则他是不会原谅你的。 2. 老师的劝告使我受益终身。

重点句子 3 After decades of destroying nature and using up natural resources, many developed nations are now concerned about saving nature rather than developing or destroying it. (P58)

句型提示 此句虽然较长,但却是一个简单句。many developed nations 是句 子的主语;are now concerned about ...是句子的谓语部分;After decades of destroying nature and using up natural resources 是介词短语作状语。 深层讲解 1. use up 是动词短语,意为“用完,用尽,用光” ; 2. be concerned 常与介词 about / for 连用,意为“关注,关心,关切,感兴 趣” ; 3. rather than 为并列连词,意为“而不是” ,常用来连接与前面相等的两个部 分,但是当连接不定式时,后面不定式的 to 常被省略。如:Rather than steal, he would like to go hungry。 巩固练习(C) 翻译句子。 1. 用来过冬的粮食已经用完了,因此他很焦急。 2. 他对穿着不是很在乎。 3. 她宁愿看电视也不愿跟他聊天。 (A) 1. From children’s point of view, what the teacher does is always right. 2. He answered that he was only doing what he should do. (B) 1. He won’t forgive you, unless you apologize to him by yourself. 2. The teacher’s advice benefits me all my life. (C) 1. He is very worried because the food for winter has been used up. 2. He is not concerned about his dressing. 3. She would like to watch TV rather than talk with him.


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