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高中英语人教版新课标必修一Unit1~2知识点精讲


新课标一
Unit 1 Friendship 单词点击 1.add vt. 加,增加,补充说或写 add to 增添 add ? to 把??加到 add up to 总共, 总计 e. g. Will you add some sugar to the coffee, please? 请在咖啡里加点糖好么? The piece of music adds to our enjoyment. 这首音乐给我们增添了欢乐。 All the money in my pocket adds up to 100 yuan. 我兜里的钱总共还有 100 元。 "I will come later. " he added.“我随后就来”他补充说。 2.concern vt. 涉及,关系到 n.关心,关注(利害)关系 be concerned about 关心,关注 e. g. This matter concerns the group of people greatly. 这件事和这伙人关系极大。 Our head teacher is concerned about our study and health all the time. 我们的班主任一直关注我们的学习和健康。 3.share vt. 分享,均分分担 n. 一份, 份额,股份 e. g. True friends should share(in)sorrow and happiness. 真正的朋友应该同甘共苦。 The ten English teachers share a well-equipped big office. 十位英语老师共用一个设备良好的大办公室。 I only want my share, not more.我只要我那一份,多了不要。 4.crazy adj. 疯狂的,狂热的,着迷的 be crazy about / on 对??着迷 be crazy for sth. / sb.渴望某物或迷恋某人 e. g. Do you know the creator of crazy English? 你知道疯狂英语的创始人吗? Mozart was crazy about music when he was still a child. 莫扎特从小时间就痴迷于音乐。 Most young people are crazy for chances to go abroad for further study. 多数年轻人都渴望有机会出国进修。 5.suffer vt. &vi. 遭受,忍受,经历,受苦 e. g. The factory suffered a great loss in the fire. 这家工厂在大火中遭受得大损失。 She often suffers from headaches. 她经常头痛。 Your study will suffer if you play too much football. 你要是总踢足球,功课就糟了。 The person in the flooded area is suffering(from)cold and hunger. 遭受洪水地区的人们忍饥挨冻。 6.communicate vt. &vi.传达,传送,通知,取得联系 communication n. 通讯,交 流,传达

e. g. We communicate with each other by sending e-mails. 我们通过电子邮件相互联系。 I will be in communication with the police about this matter. 关于这件事我将和警察保持联系。 He will communicate the information to me in time. 他将及时把信息传达给我。 Body language is an important way of communication. 肢体语言是一种重要的交流方式。 短语链接 1.set down 放下,记下,登记 set up 建立,搭起 set about doing sth. 着手(开始)做某事 set out 出发,动身,开始 set off(out)for somewhere / on a journey to somewhere 动身去某地 e. g. Please set down all that I said. 请把我说的话全记下来。 They set about doing / set out to do the experiment yesterday. 他们昨天开始做这个实验。 The Chinese delegation group will set off(out)for America tomorrow. 中国代表团明天动身去美国。 2.join in 加入,参加 join sb. in sth. / doing sth. Join 加入(某一伙人或某个组织) take part in 参加(有组织有纪律的活动) join in 参加(有组织或随意的活动) e. g. He joined the Party in 1949.他 1949 年入党。 Will you join us in playing basketball? 你愿意加入我们一起打篮球吗? More than 200 sportsmen took part in the sports meet last week. 上周有 200 多名运动员参加了那次运动会。 3.put away 把??收拾起来,放好,把??关进监狱 put back 放回原处 put down 记下,写下,放下 put off 推迟,拖延 pat on 穿上,放上,增加 e. g. At last Anne's family were caught and put away. 最后安妮一家被抓住送进监狱。 Put down your address in the notebook, please. 请在这个笔记本上写下你的地址。 The meeting will be put off because of the heavy rain. 因为这场大雨,会议将被推迟。 The young lady is putting on weight as a result of eating too much. 因为吃得太多,这位年轻女士正发胖。 4.be prepared to do something = be ready to do something 准备干某事 be prepared for = be ready for 为??作好准备 prepare for 为??作准备

prepare sb. for 使某人为??作准备 get sth. ready / prepared 把??准备好 e. g. You must be prepared / ready to face the worst result.(You must be prepared for the worst result.) 你必须为面对最坏的结果作准备。 A new exam is coming. Our teachers are preparing us for it and we are studying hard to prepare for it. 一场新的考试就要到了,老师正让我们作准备,我们也在努力学习为它作准备。 The day before I came to the new school my mother got everything prepared / ready for me. 在我来新学校的前一天,我妈妈为我准备好了一切。 句式归纳 1.I haven't been outdoors for so long that I've grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. (1)so ? that ? 如此??以至??,引导结查状语从句;so 放在句首时,句子要倒 装。 e. g. He was so interested in English that he learned it every day. So interested in English was he that he learned it every day. (2)so that 既可引导结果状语从句也可引导目的状语从句。引导目的状语从句时,常 和 can, could, may, might, would 等情态动词连用。 e. g. He was late for school again, so that he was scolded by the teacher. 他又上学迟到了,以至受到教师的责备。 We left so early that we could catch the first bus. 我们很早出发,以便能赶上第一班汽车。 Speak clearly so that we may understand you. 讲话要清楚,以便我们能明白。 (3) [比较]so ? that ? 和 such ? that ?, so 修饰形容词或副词;such 修饰名 词。 so+adj./ adv. +that 或 so+adj. +a+单数名词+that ? so many / few+可数名词复数(much / little+不可数名词)+that ? such+a+单数名词+that ? such+adj. +名词复数 / 不可数名词+that ? e. g. He runs so fast that I can't catch up with him. 他跑得这么快,我赶不上他。 There is so much homework that I can't do it all. 有这么多家庭作业,我不能全做。 It was such a lovely day that we decided to go outing.或 It was so lovely a day that we decided to go outing. 天气这么好,我们决定去效游。 It is such hot weather that we'd better go swimming in the river. 天气这么热,我们最好到河里游泳。 He has so many children that it is difficult for him to raise the family. 他有这么多孩子,对他来说,很难养活这个家庭。 2.I'm having some trouble with my classmates at the moment.

have(some, no, much, great, little)trouble/difficulty with sth. /(in)doing something 做某事有(一些,没有,很多,很少)因难。 e. g. I have some difficulty(in)following our teacher in English class. 英语课上,我听懂老师有困难。 They had little trouble with new school life. 他们在新的学校生活没有多在困难。 3.It is believed that the islands can be a paradise(天堂)when people live in peace. It is believed that ? 人们相信?? It is said that ? 据说?? It is reported that ? 据报道?? It is supposed that ? 人们认为?? e. g. It is reported that Chairman Hu Jintao has gone to America. 据报道,胡锦涛主席去美国了。 It is supposed that he may pass the college entrance examination. 人们认为他能通过大学入学考试。

Unit 2 English around the world 单词点击 1.include vt.包括;包含;把??算入,including prep.包含;包括 e. g. The price includes postage charges.价格包括邮费。 His duty includes cleaning the front house. 他的任务包括打扫前面的房子。 Please include me in the list.请把我算在内。 Some students, including Tom and John took part in the party.有些学生包括汤姆 和约翰参加了这场晚会。 2.over prep.在??期间;经过(一段时间) ;从一边到??的另一边 e. g. Will you be at home over Christmas? 圣诞节期间你在家吗? Over the years he's become lazier and lazier. 这些年来他变得越来越懒了。 The car ran over a dog and killed it. 汽车碾过一只狗,把它压死了。 3.command n.命令;下令;掌握;运用能力 vt.命令 command sb. to do; command that sb.(should)do. e. g. He has a good command of French.他法文很好。 The general commanded his men to attack the city. 将军命令部下攻城。 He commanded that we(should)attack at once. 他命令我们立即进攻。 4.request n.请求 at the request of?依照,或按??的要求;make a request 请求 vt.要求;请求 request sb. to do; request sth. From / of sb; request that sb. (should)do. e. g. Your presence is requested at the meeting. 请你务必出席会议。 All the members are requested to attend the annual meeting. 请俱乐部的全体会员务必参加年会。 All the workers request that the manager(should)think over his decision. 所有工人请求经理慎重考虑他的决定。 request sth. from sb.向某人要求某物 All I request of you is to be careful.我只要求你认真。 5.recognize vt.辨认出;承认;认可 n. recognition 认出;认识;识别 out of / beyond recognition 认不出来 e. g. I recognized Mary in the photograph. 我在照片上认出了玛丽。 Dogs recognize people by their smell. 狗凭嗅觉认人。 recognize a country's independence

正式承认一个国家的独立 Most countries in the world recognize Taiwan as one / a part of China. 世界上大多数国家承认台湾是中国的一部分。 6.direction n.方向;方位; (常用复数)指示;说明 e. g. She drove off in the direction of London. 她朝伦敦方向开去了。 in every direction; in all directions 四面八方 give directions 发出指示 directions for use 用法说明 direct vt.指引;指导;导演 e. g. Can you direct me to the Children's Palace?请问去少年宫怎么走? One's thinking directs one's actions.思想指导行动。 7.native adj.本地的;本国的 n.本地人;当地人 e. g. one's native language / tongue 母语 a native New Yorker.一位土生土长的纽约人 Are you a native here or just a visitor? 你是本地人还是外来人? 8.block n.块;一大块;栋;幢;街区;地段 e. g. a block of ice 一块冰 a block of flats 一幢住宅楼 an office block 一幢办公大楼 The office is four blocks from here.办公室离此地有四个街区远。 短语链接 1.in some ways 在某些方面 on the / one's way to 地??的路上 in a way 在一定程度上 in the way 挡路 by way of 经由?? in no way 决不 e. g. In some ways, it's good, but it's expensive. 就某些方面而言,这东西很好,但就是有点贵。 In a way I can see what you mean, even though I don't share your point of view. 尽管我同你看法不一样,但在一定程度上我是能理解你的意思的。 I can't get through the door because there is a big box in the way. 有一点大箱子堵着门,我过不去。 We went by way of Qingdao. 我们是经由青岛去的。 The result should in no way be regarded as a defeat. 这个结果决不能被认为是失败。 2.as 作为 work as 干??职业 be famous as?作为??出名 regard?as; think of?as; look on?as?; have?as. consider?as? 把??看作 e. g. He once worked as a doctor.他曾经是一名医生。

She is famous as a painter.她作为一中画家而出名。 I always regard her as my sister. 我总是把她看作我的妹妹。as“和??一样” The work is not so easy as you imagine.这工作不像你想象的那样简单。 as 像??样的人(或物) ;凡是??的人(或物) such as the same as as?as There is no such thing as standard English.根本没有标准英语。 My hometown is no longer the same as it was.我的家乡同过去不一样了。 3.either?or?或者??或者?? neither?nor not only?but also not?but 以上短语都是并列连词, 连接两个并列成分。 谓语动词的单复数形式应根据就近一致的原 则。 e. g. Neither my brother nor I were there.我哥哥和我都不在那儿。 Either I or she is going to attend the meeting.不是我就是她要去参加会议。 4.come up to 走近;达到 come up with 提出 come about 发生 come out 出版;出现;显露出来 come across 偶然碰上 e. g. The water in the river comes up to my waist. 河里的水达到了我的腰部。 How did this dangerous situation come about? 这样危险的局面是怎样出现的? When will your book come out? 你的书什么时候出版? 5.be / get close to 接近于;差不多 e. g. The cost was close to $10000.成本将近 1 万美元。 He came close to losing his temper.他差一点发脾气。 close adj.亲密的;关系密切的 a closest friend 一位最亲密的朋友 a close native 一位近亲 closely adv.密切地;严密地 a closely guarded secret 严加保守的秘密 6.make use of 利用 make good use of 好好利用;make full use of 充分利用;make the best(use)of 好 好利用 e. g. He makes good use of time to study.他充分利用他的时间来学习。 7.the number of??的数量 a number of 许多(接可数名词复数) lot of 许多(接可数名词复数或不可数名词) ;a ; a large quantity of 许多;大量的(接可数名词复或不可数名词) ;a large amount of

许多(接不可数名词) ;plenty of 足够的;许多(接可数名词复数或不可数名词) great ;a (good)many 许多(接可数名词复数) 8.have fun 玩得很好;高兴 make fun of 取笑 for fun 为了消遣(乐趣) e. g. He has never made fun of others.他从未取笑过别人。 He's learning to play the violin for fun. 他学习拉小提琴是为了消遣。 句式归纳 1.However, they may not be able to understand everything. may / might 也许,可能,是表示推测的情态动词。 e. g. —Where is Tom? 汤姆在哪儿? —I'm not sure. He may be studying in the classroom. 我不确信。他可能在教室学习。 He may win or he may not.他可能会赢也可能不会。 may / might as well 还是??的好 e. g. It's late, so I may / might as well take a taxi. 天很晚了,我还是打的为好。 2.Actually, it was based more on German than present day English. more?than?与其说??到不如说?? no more than 仅仅 not more than 最多;不超过 e. g. He is more lazy than stupid. 与其说他笨,倒不如说他懒惰。 He is no more than 20 years old.他只有 20 岁。

Unit 3 Travel journal 单词点击 1.persuade vt.说服;劝服;vi.被说服 persuade+ sb.(宾语) sb. of sth.使某人相信某事物,使某人信服 sb. that-clause sb. (not) to do sth. sb. into/out of doing sth. △persuade sb. to do sth./persuade sb. into doing sth. persuade sb. not to do sth./persuade sb. out of doing sth. e.g. I persuaded him into doing ti./to do it. 我已说服他去做这件事。 I persuade him of its truth.我使他相信了其中的真理。 How can we persuade him into joining us? 怎样才能说服他参加我们的活动呢? He persuaded his daughter to change her mind.他说服女儿改变主意。 对比: He is easily persuaded.他这人好说话。 He persuades easily.很容易被说服。 注意:如果“劝说”不服,不能直接用 persuade, 而应用 try to persuade 或 advise, 或 者用 persuade 的否定式。 e.g. Some of us advised him to change his mind but no one could persuade him to do so. 实例: ①I __ him not to smoke, but he didn't think it necessary. A. persuaded B. advised C. hoped D. suggested ②I was able at last to __ my mother to follow my advice. A. suggest B. advise C. persuade D. leave off 答案:①B ②C 2.determine vt. &vi.决定;断定;测定;决心 determine+ n. to do sth./on doing sth.决定做某事,对某事下决心 st. to do sth. sb. against sth.使某人决定不做某事 that/what/when/where ... e. g. determine a date for a meeting 确定会议日期 determine

the meaning of a word/what a word means 确定某词的含义 determine on proving to prove sb's innocence 决定要证实某人无辜 They have determined where the new school will be built. 他们已决定在何处建校。 His advice determined me to delay no more./against further delay. 他的劝告使我决定不拖延。 be determined to do sth. →make up one's mind to do sth. 决心做某事 e.g. I'm determined to go and nothing will stop me. 我已下定决心要去,没有什么可以阻止我。 determination n.决心,决定,坚定性 3.keep v.保留、保持,继续,遵守,保卫,经营,饲养,远离 (1)keep doing 一直干??(不间断) keep on doing 反复干??(强调动作的重复) keep sb/sth. doing 使某人/某物一直做某事/处于某种状态 keep sb. from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 (2)keep 的复合宾语用法 keep+宾语+p.p./adj./adv./n./prep.phrase e.g. Keep on trying and you'll succeed.继续努力,你会成功的。 The heavy rain didn't keep him from going to school. 大雨也不能阻止他去上学。 He kept standing all the time.他一直站着。 Please keep it a secret.请保守秘密。 实例: The train was late and many people were kept __ at the railway station. A. to wait B. to be waiting C. waiting D. waited 答案:C 短语链接 1. (1)give in(to sb. / sth.): allow oneself to be defeated or overcome(by sb. / sth.)向(某人/某事物)屈服、让步、投降 e.g. He would rather die than give in.他宁死不屈。 The authorities showed no signs of giving in to the kidnapper's demands. 当局对绑架者的要求丝毫没有让步的迹象。 比较:give in, give up ①意思上:give in→屈服,give up→放弃 ②形式上:give in 只作不及物动词,后不直接跟宾语。 give up vt.后接 n. / doing。

e. g. give up smoking (2)give out ①用完,消耗尽,精疲力竭 e. g. After a month their food supplies gave out. 过了一个月,他们的食物已消耗殆尽。 Her patience finally gave out.她终于失去了耐性。 ②(指发动机等)停止运动,停机,出故障 ③分发或散发某物,发生(气味、热等) e. g. The teacher gave out the examination papers.教师发了考卷。 ④发表,公布 e. g. The news of the President's death was given out in a radio broadcast. 总统逝世的消息已在电台上播出了。 (3)give away 赠送,捐献,分发(奖品) ,失去或错过(机会) ,泄露 e. g. give away a chance 失去一个机会 give away prizes 颁奖 实例: Don't mention that at the beginning of ther story or it may __ the shocking ending. A. give away B. give out C. give up D. give off 答案:A 2.dream about/of sth. doing sth 梦想做某事,梦见,向往,渴望。 e. g. I dreamt about flying last night.昨夜我梦见我在飞翔。 He dreams of one day becoming a famous violinist. 他梦想有朝一日成为著名的小提琴家。 句式归纳 1.It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 这是一个强调句。 强调句结构:It is / was+被强调成分+who / that+其他成分。 如果强调的部分是人,可用 who,也可用 that,强调其他成分与内容都用 that。 注意:强调时间和地点不能用 when 或 where,只用 that。 e. g. It was in Shanghai that I saw the film. (强调地点状语)我看这部电影是在上海。 It was in 1998 that I worked in the factory. (强调时间状语)我在这家工厂工作是在 1998 年。 2.The air would be hard to breath. 结构:主语+be+形容词+to do 在此结构中,不定式以主动形式表示被动含义。 用不定式的主动形式表示被动含义所必须具备的两个前提条件。 ①不定式作状语,修饰作表语的形容词。 ②不定式和句子的主语构成逻辑上的动宾关系。 注意:不定式必须是及物动词。如果是不及物动词,其后需加合适的介词。

e. g. The man is hard to deal with.这人不好交往。 The pen is smooth to write with.这笔很好用。 语法学习 The present continuous tense expresses future actions. go, come, start, move, sail, leave 等表示位置移动的动词,用进行时态表示按计划、 安排即将发生的动作。 e. g. —When are you leaving? —I'm leaving on Sunday. 另外,表示将来的动作或状态,还可用以下几种形式: ①will / shall+动词原形 ②be going to+动词原形:表示即将发生的或最近打算进行的事。 e. g. We are going to have a meeting today. ③be to+动词原形:表示按计划要发生的事或征求对方意见。 e. g. Are we to go on with this work? ④be about to+动词原形,表示即将发生的动作,不与表示将来的时间状语连用。 e. g. I was about to go swimming when my guide shouted at me and told me not to do so. 我正要去游泳,这时向导大声叫我不要去。 ⑤单纯叙述未来的事实,可以用将来进行时,也可表示按计划安排将来要执行的动作。 实例: At this time tomorrow __ over the Atlantic.(2003 北京) A. we're going to fly B. we'll be flying C. we'll fly D. we're to fly 答案:B

Unit 4 Earthquakes 单词点击 1.shake(shook, shaken)vt.摇; (猛力)摇动;抖动 vi.震动;发抖 n.摇动;振动; 握手 shake hands with sb.同某人握手 shake one's head(over / at sth.)摇头表示对某事不同意 e. g. Nothing can shake our determination to overcome the difficulty. 什么也动摇不了我们克服困难的决心。 Please shake the bottle before taking. 服药之前请摇动瓶子。 The whole house shook during the explosion. 爆炸时整个房子都震动了。 He refused our plan with a shake of the head. 他摇头拒绝了我们的计划。 2.rise(rose, risen)vi. 升起;上升;增长;升高 e. g. As a result of the dam, the water level of the lake was going to rise by 63 meters. 由于兴建水坝,湖的水面将会升高 63 米。 The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 太阳东升西落。 比较:raise vt.举起,提起,抬高。说明主语发出的动作用于其他事物的。 rise vi.升起,上升,增长,升高。说明主语自身移向较高位置。 e. g. Heavy rains raised the river stage. 暴雨使河水水位升高。 After the heavy rain, the river rose by two feet. 暴雨过后,河水上涨了两英尺。 3.bury vt.理埋葬;葬;埋藏;遮盖;掩蔽 be buried alive 被活埋;隐居 e. g. They buried the dead soldiers in the woods. 他们把死去的士兵埋在小树林里。 She sat there, buried in thought. 她坐在那儿,陷入了沉思。 The scientist knew nothing about the matter, because he was always burying himself in his study. 那位科学家对此事一无所知,因为他一直在做他的研究工作。 4.honour vt.尊敬;给??以荣誉 n[U]尊敬;名誉;荣誉[C]荣幸;带来荣誉的人 或事。do honour to sb. = do sb. honour 礼遇某人;in honour of?纪念??;向?? 表示敬意。 e. g. We should honour our parents. 我们应该尊敬父母。 Will you honour us with a visit? 可否光临指教? I feel greatly honoured by the kind things you say about me.

你恭维我的话使我感到十分荣幸。 I'm honoured to be invited to speak at the meeting. 被邀请在会议上发言,我感到非常荣幸。 You should learn to leave honour to others. 你应把荣誉留给别人。 I think it a great honour to be invited. 我认为获得邀请是无上光荣的事。 5.shock n.[U]&[C]打击;震惊;震动 vt.使震惊;使惊愕 shocking adj.使人震惊 的 e. g. The news of his wife's death was a terrible shock to him. 他妻子去世的消息对他来说是一个沉重的打击。 The failure was a great shock to him. 那次失败对他打击很大。 You will get a shock if you touch the live wire. 如果你碰这条带电的电线,你会触电。 We were greatly shocked at her arrival. 对她的到来,我们感到大吃一惊。 I was shocked by his rudeness. 他的粗鲁行为使我感到震惊。 His failure in the exam was shocking to his parents. 他考试没及格使他父母感到震惊。 6.last vi 持续;延续;维持 adj.最后的;末尾的;刚过去的 adv.上一次 at last 最后; 终于 e. g. The meeting lasted two and a half hours. 会议持续了两个半小时。 We have enough food to last three days. 我们有足够维持三天的粮食。 the last month of the year 一年的最后一个月 this day last week 上礼拜的今天 When were you last in London? 你上一次在伦敦是什么时候? 短语链接 1.more than 超过,不仅,不足 no more than“仅仅,只有”相当于 only,有较强的感情色彩,表示说话者主观上嫌数 量少。 not more than“不到,至多” ,不带感情色彩,只表示客观事实。 e. g. That is more than enough. 那是太多了。 Bamboo is used for more than building. 竹子不仅是用作建筑材料。 His whole school education added up to no more than one year. 他所接受的整个学校教育加起来只有一年。 The boy is not more than ten years old.

那个孩子不到十岁。 2.a number of “很多,好些” ,在 number 之前可加 large、small、great 等表示程度。 a number of 只修饰可数名词,作主语时谓语动词用复数形式。 the number of 表示“??的数量” ,后接可数名词,作主语时谓语动词用单数而不用复 数。 e. g. The number of the students in the school has increased greatly since 1999. 自从 1999 年以来学校的人数增加了很多。 A number of people were killed in the earthquake. We don't know exactly the number of them. 许多人在地震中死去了。我们不知道死亡人数的确切数目。 但:more than one+单数可数名词/many a +单数可数名词 以上两者都表示“许多” ,但用作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 e. g. More than one student has seen the film. Many a student has seen the film. 许多学生已经看过这部电影。 3.the dead 死难者 形容词的前面可以加定冠词 the 表示类别。 the poor 穷人, sick 病人。 如 the 再如 the rich / blind / wounded / old / young 等等。 e. g. The wounded have been sent to the hospital. 伤病员们已经被送往医院。 There is special food for the sick in our dining-room. 我们餐室有专门为病人准备的饭食。 4.fall down 掉下,倒塌 fall off 从??落下 fall over 跌倒 fall onto 掉到??上面 e. g. Babies often fall down when they are learning to walk. 小儿学步时常跌跤。 He fell over and broke his left leg. 他跌倒并将左腿摔断了。 A wide and busy road which was built like a bridge over another road fell onto the one below. 一座立交桥上部的宽阔而繁忙的马路坍塌到桥下的路上。 再如:fall ill 生病,fall asleep 入睡,fall behind 落后 5.instead of 代替,而不。后接名词、代词或动名词,其前后用词都是对称的。 instead adv.用在句末。 e. g. We went swimming instead of playing football. 我们去游泳而没有去踢足球。 She likes classical music instead of pop music. 她喜欢古典音乐而不喜欢流行音乐。 I don't like this on. Give me that one instead. 我不喜欢这个,把那个给我。 6.right away 立刻,马上 right now 立刻,马上,此时,在此刻

e. g. We must be off right away / right now. It's eight already. 我们必须马上离开,现在已经八点钟了。 She is cooking her meal right now. 现在她正在做饭。 right away 和 right now 都表示“立刻、马上”有一刻也不能耽误之意 right now 还可 表示“在此刻、此时” ,用于进行时成,而 right away 不能用于进行时态。 7.one-third 又可作 one third 三分之一。 分数是由基数词和序数词合成的,分子用基数词、分母用序数词。分子大于一时,分母的 序数词要用复数形式。 e. g. 三分之二 two thirds, 四分之三 three fourths 但二分之一用 one(a)half, 四分之一用 one(a)quarter 百分数由 per cent(percent)表示 例如 20% 20 percent 8.in ruins 毁坏的,破落不堪的,fall into ruin 坍塌 e. g. The castle is now in ruins. 这座城堡现在已成为废墟。 The old temple fell into ruin in the heavy rain. 那座古庙在暴雨中坍塌了。 句式归纳 1.In the farmlands, the chickens and even pigs were too nervous to eat. (1)句中 too?to 意为“太??而不能??” 。 e. g. Li Ping's brother is too young to join the army. 李平的弟弟年纪太小而不能参军。 (=Li Ping's brother is not old enough to join the army. ) (2) “too+adj+to do”有时表肯定意义。 e. g. They were too glad to hear the news. 他们听到这个消息非常高兴。 They seemed to be too nervous and too anxious to leave. 他们似乎非常紧张,急着想离开。 2.It seemed that the world was at an end! It seems+that 从句是一个常用句型,有时可与 It seems as if?互换。 e. g. It seemed that he knew the secret. 他似乎知道这个秘密。 It seemed that his classmates didn't believe him. 他的同学似乎不相信他说的话。 It seems that it will rain this afternoon. =It seems as if it will rain this afternoon. 看来今天下午好像要下雨。 (下雨的可能性大) It seems as if it would rain this afternoon.(下雨的可有性小) 3.Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. 句中 everywhere 用作连词,引导连词,引导状语从句。 e. g. Everywhere he went, he received a warm welcome. 无论他走到哪里,都受到人们的热烈欢迎。 Everywhere he goes, he will not forget the terrible experience.

无论他走到哪儿,他永远也忘不了那次可怕的经历。 有时 every time, each time, the moment 也可用作连词引导状语从句。 e. g. Each time I saw him, I thought of his poor brother. 每次看见他时,我就想起了他可怜的弟弟。

Unit 5 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero 单词点击 1.advise vt. 劝告,向??提出建议,建议;vi.提出建议 advice n.建议 a piece of advice 一条建议 e. g. We have worked for a long time. I advise having a rest. 我们已工作了很长时间,我建议休息一会。 He advises his father not to smoke. / He advises his father against smoking. 他建议他爸爸不要抽烟。 Some experts advise that steps(should)be taken to protect the river at once. 有些专家建议,应该马上采取措施保护这条河流。 2.accept vt. 接受,承认;vi.同意,承认 receive vt. 收到,接到,接受,接待,欢迎 e. g. My friend accepted my advice on having a medical examination. 我朋友接受了我的建议,去做体格检查。 We all accept that he is the best student in our class. 我们都承认他是我们班最好的学生。 He received a present from a strange person and he refused to accept it. 他收到一个陌生人送的礼物,他拒绝接受它。 The foreign guests were warmly received on the People's Square. 外宾在人民广场受到热情欢迎。 3.willing adj.愿意的,心甘情愿的,乐意的 willingly adv. willingness n. e. g. I want to be a willing student of the masses(群众). 我甘当群众的小学生。 Lei Feng is always willing to help others. 雷锋总是乐于帮助别人。 My good friend lent me some money very willingly. 我的好朋友很乐意地借给了我一些钱。 4.educate vt.教育,培养,训练 educated adj. 受过教育的 education n.教育 e. g. Many people want to send their children abroad to be educated. 很多家长都想把孩子送到国外受教育。 Now more and more young people can receive higher education. 现在越来越多的年轻人能接受高等教育。 Most children in cities are better educated than those in the countryside. 城里的多数孩子比乡下的受到更好的教育。 5.equal adj. 相同的,等同的;vt.比得上,敌得过 equality n.同等,平等,均等 e. g. One li is equal to half a kilometer.一华里等半公里。 It is equal to me whether he comes or not.他来还是不来对我都一样。 Nobody can equal him in spoken English level in the class. 在英语口语水平方面,这个班没有人能比上他。 Women in the world have been fighting for equality. 全世界的妇女一直在为平等而斗争。 短语链接

1.fight against 同??作斗争 fight for 为??而斗争;fight with 和??打仗;和??并肩作战; fight something or somebody 和某物或某事作斗争 e. g. It's everyone's duty to fight against the environmental pollution. 同环境污染作斗争是每个人的责任。 They are fighting for equal pay for the same job. 他们在为同工同酬而斗争。 Students are forbidden to fight with each other. 禁止学生互相打架。 During the Second World War the British fought with Frenchmen against Germans. 在第二世界大战期间,英法并肩同德国作战。 Eating more fruit and vegetables can fight diseases. 多吃水果、蔬菜可以抵御疾病。 2.as a matter of fact 事实上,实际上 其同义词还有:in fact, in actual fact, in reality, practically, actually e. g. He said he was familiar with me. In fact, this is the first time that I see him. 他说他和我很熟,实际上,我这是第一次见他。 As a matter of fact, I don't like to be praised before the public. 事实上,我不喜欢在公众面前受表扬。 3.be proud to do something 为做某事感到自豪 其同义词有:be proud of something / doing something, take pride in something / doing something e. g. All Chinese are proud of(take pride in)their long history. 所有的中国人都以自己的悠久历史而自豪。 As a sportsman, he is very proud to take part in the Olympic Games. 作为一个运动员,他很自豪参加奥运会。 4. 阻止??干某事 stop? (from) doing something, prevent? (from) doing something, keep?from doing something 其中,keep?from doing something 不能省略 from, 在被动语态中,三个短语都不能省 略 from。另外,还有一个短语 protect?from?,意思是“使??免受??的伤害” 。 e. g. Nobody can prevent the wheel of the history(from)moving forward. 没有人能阻止历史的车轮前进。 The heavy rain kept some delegates from going to meeting. 这场大雨阻止部分代表参加会议。 Young children should not be stopped from going to school. 不能阻止孩子去上学。 You had better put on you sunglasses in order to protect your eyes from being hurt by the sunlight. 你最好戴上太阳境,以免你的眼睛受到阳光的伤害。 The firemen all wore special clothes to protect themselves from the fire. 消防队员都穿着特制的衣服,以防被火烧伤。 句式归纳 1."?we were put in a position in which we had either to accept we were less

important or fight the Government." either?or 要么??要么??,或者??或者?? neither?nor?既不??也不?? both?and?不但??而且??,既??又?? not?nor?不??也不 either?or?和 neither?nor?连接两个词或短语作主语时,谓语动词的数采用就近原 则,both?and?连接两个词或短语作主语时,谓语动词一定用复数形式。 e. g. He is either a teacher or a student.他要么是老师,要么是学生。 Napoleon said to the Swiss soldier, "Either you or I am mad." 拿破仑对那个瑞士士兵说, “不是你疯了,就是我疯了。 ” Neither his classmates nor he is going to the celebration. 他和他的同学都不去参加这次庆祝会。 Our monitor Li Ming is both clever and hardworking. 我们的班长李明既聪明又勤奋。 Your father is not a teacher, nor a worker, nor a government official. Whatever is he? 你爸爸不是老师、不是工人、也不是政府官员。他到底是干什么的? 2.He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. Should / ought to+have+p. p. 表示本来应该做某事而没有做。 can / could+have+p. p.表示本来能够做某事而没有做。 must / may / might+have+p. p. 表示对过去事情的猜测,三个情态动词 e. g. What did you do yesterday? You should have finished your homework earlier. 你昨天干什么了?你早该完成作业了。 You could have got a full mark in the exam, hut you were too careless. 这次考试你本来能得满分,但是你太粗心了。 The light in his house is off. He must have gone to bed. 他房间的灯熄了,他一定是上床睡觉了。 He hasn't come to work yet. He might have been ill for he is seldom late for work.

英语(必修 1)练习题 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项选择(每题 1 分,共 15 分) 21. Does he__ out at night in such stormy weather? A. dares to go B. dared to go C. dare go D. dares go 22. "Don't make so much noise." Said the teacher. The teacher asked us __ so much noise. A. don't make B. not make C. not to make D. not making 23. __ I had money , I wouldn't buy it A. Even if B. If C . Because D . Once 24. __ number of visitors came but I don't know__number. A. A ; the B. The ; a C. A ; a D. The ; the 25. It is I that__your true friend. A. am B. were C. is D. are 26. Lucy__ tomorrow. A. are going shop B. is going shopping C. are going to shop D. is going to shopping 27. If they __ tomorrow, A. comes; will have we __ a party.

B. come; will have C. is coming; will have D. will come ; will have 28. My father talked a lot about the persons and the things__they could remember . A. that B. which C. who D. what 29. Finally came the day__ he had to begin his study for the next term. A. till B. when C. since D. which 30. Being friends with other students, we must__ their study and health. A. take care B. be careful C. care about D. care into 31. How is your work__ ? A. getting on B. getting on with C. get on D. get along with 32. They insisted __the thief to the police station. A. on send B. on sending C. of sending D. to send 33. I'll never forget the place at__ we first met. A. that B. which C. what D. where 34. Once he has __ nothing can change his mind. A. made up his mind B. decided his mind C. determined his mind

D. made his mind 35. When the meeting was __, they all rose and left. A. at the end B. at an end C. at the end of D. at an end of 第二节 完形填空 (每题 1.5 分,共 30 分) When you discuss (讨论) about eating out with your friend ,first of all, you must make it clear who will pay for the meal. If somebody suggests_36_ lunch with his friend, he might simply say something like this "I'm _37_ it'll_38_ be some place_39_,as I have little money." The other person may say, _40_ .I'll meet you at Mcdonald's." This means he has agreed _41_ the two will go Dutch(各付各款), that is, each person pays_ 42_himself. He may say "Oh, _43_ . I want to take you _44_ lunch at Johnson's." This means the person is to pay the bill(帐单) for both of them_ 45_ the other person is pleased with the invitation, there is no reason _46_ he shouldn't _47_it by _48_"Thank you." American customs (风俗习惯) are much the same _49_ those in_ 50_ parts of the world. American women used to expect men to pay 51 all the meals. But today, some of them _52_. _53_ , if a woman is asked to attend a dinner or a dance outside, the invitation itself means "Come _54_ my guest". So, as you see, it is a polite thing to make the situation clear _55_ the very beginning. 36 A have B to have C having D had 37 A sorry B poor C afraid D glad 38 A have to B have C had to D must 39 A nearby B cheap C nice D expensive 40 A Excuse me B Bye-bye C OK D Sorry 41 A with B to C that D where 42 A for B by C with D to 43 A dear B yes C no D well 44 A for B at C to D with 45 A If B Although C As D Because 46 A that B why C which D what 47 A refuse B accept C receive D take 48 A speech B saying C say D answer 49 A to B of C as D from 50 A either B no C another D other 51 A to B of C .for D on 52 A are not B used not C don't D didn't 53 A But B However C When D So 54 A to B for C like D as 55 A at B to C of D with

第三部分 :阅读理解 (共 20 小题,每题 2 分,共 40 分) A Mr Brown was the manager (经理) of an office in London. He lived in the country and came up to work by train. He liked walking from the station to his office unless it was raining, because it gave him some exercise. One morning he was walking along the street when a stranger stopped him and said to him. "You may not remember me, sir, but seven years ago I came to London without a penny in my pockets. I stopped you in the street and asked you to lend me some money, and you gave me five pounds, because you said that you were willing to take a chance so as to (为了) give a man start on the road to success. Mr Brown thought for a few minutes and then said, "Yes, I remember you. Go on with your story." "Well," answered the stranger, "are you still willing to take a chance?" 56. Mr Brown __ A. lived in the city of London B. worked in an office C. walked to London every day D. was a train driver 57. Mr Brown liked walking because__. A. he was a good runner B. he wanted to be healthy C. he wanted to save money D. he wanted to help others 58. Mr Brown walked to his office __. A. every day B. when he went to work early C. when it wasn't raining D. when it was raining 59. What do you think about the stranger? A. Perhaps he was a clever but lazy man. B. He knew Mr Brown very well. C. He was one of Mr Brown's neighbours. D. Mr Brown knew him. 60. Which of the following sentences is true? A. Mr Brown was kind-hearted. B. The stranger got another five pounds at last. C. Mr Brown was not willing to help others. D. Mr Brown believed the stranger very much. B

2.26-meter-tall Yao Ming made his NBA debut (初次登台) on October 23, 2002 and got 6 points for the Houston Rockets in the game. The next day, he got 13 points (得分)in another game. Most people think that Yao Ming is a born basketball player. But Yao said, "When you watch it on TV, it looks very easy. But when you are playing in the NBA, it is really not so easy." He said that joining the Houston Rockets was a new start and a new challenge. "I hope that through very hard work I can make everyone happy and help the Rockets win more games," he said Yao Ming speaks some English. Both he and his teammates can understand each other. They don't think there is a language problem. While Yao Ming faces this new challenge, the people of Houston have shown great interest in him and they hope Yao Ming will bring new energy (活力) to the Rockets. The team has started having lessons to learn more about China, and many people who work for the Rockets have learned to speak some Chinese. ( )61.Yao Ming got 13 poins on October __, 2002. A. 22 B.23 C.24 D.26 ( A. B. C. D. ( A. B. C. D. ( A. B. C. D. )62.Yao Ming said that __. playing in the NBA was difficult it was hard to watch NBA games on TV he was an NBA star it was boring to play basketball )63.From the passage we can know that Yao Ming __. will work hard for his team made the highest score in his first NBA game can't understand his teammates teaches the Rockets workers Chinese himself )64.The passage is probably__. an advertisement a notice a news report an instruction

C In China , more and more middle school students are getting shorter sleeping time than before. Most students sleep less than nine hours every night, because they have much homework to do.. Some homework is given by their teachers, and some by their parents. Also, some students don't know how to save time. They are not careful enough while they do their homework, so it takes them a lot of time. Some students spend

too much time watching TV or playing computer games. They stay up (熬夜) very late. Some students have to get up early every morning on weekdays to get to school n time by bus or by bike. It can be a long way from home to school. Schools and parents should cut down some of the homework so that our children can enjoy more than nine hours of sleep every night for their health. For children, we should make best use of our time. When we have enough time for sleeping, we will find it much better for both our study and health. ( A. B. C. D. ( A. B. C. D. )65.Who else gives children some homework to do except their teachers? Their parents. Other students. The children themselves. Nobody else. )66How many hours of sleep is good for students' health? Less than 9 hours. Over 9 hours. Only 9 hours. 8 hours. would happen to a student who often goes to bed late and gets up fall asleep in class. do well in study. finish his homework fast. have good health.

( )67.What early? A .He would B. He would C. He would D. He would ( A. B. C. D.

)68.Which of the following is NOT true? Some students are so careless that they spend lots of time on their homework. All the students stay up late for their homework. Children should be given less homework. Schools and parents should take care of children.

D Most people in the United States speak only one language: English. They do not learn to speak a second language.. High schools teach languages. But why? First, most Americans never travel to other countries. The United States is a very large country. Americans can travel a long distance and not leave the United . Very few students learn to speak well. Why don't American speak other language . They do not need to learn a second language. Second, one of the countries next to the United States is Canada. Most people in Canada speak English. Some Americans live near Canada. They travel there often. But they do not have to learn a new language. Third, many people in other parts of the world speak English. If Americans travel

to other countries, they can speak English there, too. Some Americans think that it is a mistake to speak only English. They believe it is very important to learn a second language. Maybe someday other Americans will agree. Then more people will speak a second language in the United States. ( )69.Most Americans never learn to speak __. A. English B .a second language C .to people in other countries D. fluently )70.In other parts of the world __. no one speaks English many people speak English everyone speaks English everyone speaks a second languages )71.Some Americans think it is a mistake to__. learn other languages go to schools speak only English travel to other countries )72.What's the title of this passage? Language Learning in the United States. The Second Languages in the United States English in the world The People in Canada Speak English.

( A. B. C. D. ( A. B. C. D. ( A. B. C. D.

E Your body, which has close relation(关系) with the food you eat, is the most important thing you own. So it needs proper treatment( 对 待 ) and proper nourishment(营养). The old saying "An apple a day keeps the doctor away" is not silly as some people think. The body needs fruit and vegetables because they contain vitamin C (维生 素 C). Many people take extra(额外的) vitamins in the form of pills(药丸), believing that these will make them healthy. But a good diet is made up of nourishing food and this gives all the vitamins you need. The body doesn't need or use extra vitamins. So why waste money on them? In the modern western world many people are too busy to care about eating properly. They throw anything into their stomachs, eating hurriedly and carelessly. The list of illness caused or made worse by bad eating habits is frightening. 73. The old saying in the passage tells us that_______.

A. B. C. D.

the apple is the best among all kinds of fruits. apple can take the place of doctors. eating apples regularly (有规律的) does lots of good to our health. an apple is a sure cure for illness.

74. In the second paragraph the writer tries to let us know______. A. our bodies need food or we can't live. B. often eating apples is a good habit. C. taking extra vitamin pills is completely useless. D. a good diet is very important to our health. 75. From the passage we can draw a conclusion(得出结论) that if we want to keep healthy, we should______. A. only eat an apple a day. B. eat properly. C. take as many vitamins pills as possible. D. throw food into our stomachs slowly and carefully. 第二卷(共 35 分) 第四部分 写 作(共两节,35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断: 如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(∨) ;如有错误(每行只有一个错误) ,则按下列 情况改正:此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并 也用斜线划掉。此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,在该行右边横线上写出该 加的词。此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 Many students want to know about the different between 1.__ American English and the British English. How did these differences 2.__ come about? There is no quick answer to this questions 3.__ At beginning the language in Britain and American was the same. 4.__ In 1776 America becomes an independent country. After that, the 5. __ language slowly began change. For a long time the language in America 6. __ stayed the same, when the language in England changed. 7. __ For example, 300 years ago the Englishman talked about 8. __ "fall". Today, most of British people talked about "autumn" 9. __

but Americans still talk about "fall". 10. __ 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假如你是李玲,刘芳是你的好朋友,她两周去北京治病。你给她写封信,询问病情,转达师 生对她的问候,希望她安心养病,不要担心功课。字数 100-120 字左右。信头已为你写好。 参考词汇: medical treatment n. 治病 regards n. 问候 lessons n.功课 October 28. 2005 Dear Liu Fang, -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

英语(必修 1)参考答案 21---25 26----30 31----35 36---40 41----45 46---50 51---55 56---60 61---65 66---70 71---75 CCAAA BAABC ABBAB CCABC CACCA BBBCD CCBDA BBCCA CAACA BABBB CACDB

短文改错 1.different → differences 2. the 去掉 3.questions →question 4. At 后加 the 5.becomes → became 6.change →changing/ to change 7. when → while/but 8.Englishman → Englishmen/English 9. talked→ talk 10.正确 书面表达:Sample Dear Liu Fang , October 10 It is two weeks since you went to Beijing for medical treatment. I miss you very much. How are things with you? Are you feeling better ? the teacher and our classmates ask me to send you their best regards . We all hope you'll get well and be back soon. Don't worry about your health and take it easy. It is nothing serious. You've got good doctors and are having good treatment. You are sure to get well soon. Don't worry about your lessons We'll try our best to help you when you are bake at school. I'm sure you 'll catch up with us in a very short time. Best wishes, Yours ever Li Ling


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