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with复合结构小结的练习


with 复合结构小结的练习
英语中 “介词 with + 复合宾语” 结构也叫介词 with 的复合结构, 即 “with + 宾语 + 宾语补足语”, 这种结构在中学英语课本中频频出现,用法十分灵活 而且复杂。近年来,高考命题者常常通过一定的语境来考查 with 这一复合结构 的用法,下面让我们先看看两道与介词 with 复合结构相关的高考试题: 1.(NMET.2000) _________ production up by 60 % , the company has had another excellent year year A. As B. For C. With D. Through

2.(Beijing. 2004) ________two exams to worry about , I have to work really hard this weekend. A.Besides B.With Because C. As for D.

1>“with + n / pron + v-ing” 这一结构在句子中作伴随状语,说明情况, 其中现在分词表示主动或正在进行的动作。例如: ① ________our food ________, we had to walk to a village for help. (成都毕业班第一次诊断试题) A. Since; runs out C. With; running out B. Because; run out D. For; running out

[解析] 答案 C。“since、because、for”作“由于、因为”讲,是连 词,其后只能跟从句,不能跟复合结构,所以不能选 A、B、D。由于 run out 是不及物动词短语且与 our food 之间存在主谓关系所以只能用 running out 结 构,with 在这里表示原因,故答案是 C。句意是:在我们的食物快要用完的情况 下,我们不得不向附近的村子求援。 ②.When mother went into the house, she found her baby was sleeping in bed, ________ his lips moving. A. as B. with C. for D. through

2>.“with + n / pron +v-ed. ”这一结构在句子中作原因状语,其中过去 分词表示被动或完成了的动作。例如: ①---You should have prepared your speech for the meeting , Mrs Smith . ---Yes, I know .But how could I ______the meeting date fixed so soon .

A. while

B. as

C. after

D. with

②________ more and more forests damaged ,some animals and plants are facing the danger of dying out . A. As B. For C. With D. By

③Many large cities, such as Liverpool and New York , have had experiments of this kind, ________ old factories turned into successful art centers.(南京市高三模拟试题) A. for B. with C .as D .like

3>“with + n / pron + to do ”这一结构在句子中作原因状语,其中 不定式表示将要发生的动作。 例如: ______so much homework to do , I won't have time to go to see the film tonight. A. With B. To C. For D. In

With nothing to do , I sat down watching TV. 4>“with + n / pron + prep. phrase .”这一结构在句子中作伴随状语, 表示状态或说明情况或作定语。例如: ①_________and no way to reduce her pain and suffering from the terrible disease, the patient sought her doctor 's help to end her life . A .Having given up hope of cure C . There being hope for cure B. With no hope for cure D. In the hope of cure

②John starts to work very clearly in the morning and goes on working until late in the afternoon _______ a break at midday . A. for B. with C. in D. as

5>.“with + n / pron + adj ” 这一结构常作伴随性状语,表示状态。 例如: It was cold outside , the boy ran into the room ________ his nose red. A. to B. on C. in D. with

Tom's father is used to sleeping with the window open. 6>. “with + n / pron + adv ”这一结构在句子中常作伴随状语,表示情 况或状态。例如:

_______all the representatives (代表)still not there , the meeting was postponed for several months. A. Without B. With C. By D. Because

With so many students away , we have got more room. 7> “with + n / pron + n ”在句中作定语或状语。如: He died with his son yet a school boy . 1. BBC English broadcasts programs for China _______ explanation in Chinese. B.for C.with D.as

A. in

2. The young woman with a baby the street. A. sleep

_____ in her arms was wandering in

B.sleeping

C. slept

D. sleeps

3. Everyone should go to sleep with the light _______. A. turned off B. was turned off C. turning off D. turns off

4. _______ so many homework to do, Mary won’t have time to play with her friends this morning. A. Without B. With C. By D. Because

5. _______ the door open, the noise of the machines is almost deafening. A. Because B. As C. With D. Because of

6. _______ his mother out, he had to stay at home alone. A. As B.For C. Because D. With

7. _______ all things considered, her proposal is of greater than his A. Like B.With C. On D. Without

8. With time ______ , we will visit the Summer Palace. A. permit B. permitting C. was permitted D. permitted


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