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高三英语专题读写任务写作学案第12讲——付玉银(举例说明)


广州卓越教育机构一对一 高三专题读写任务学案第 12 讲 举例说明
【诊查】
(一)基础篇: 1.某人是我的老师,他或她在……给了我很大的帮助。那天/当时…… Sb. was the teacher ______ helped me_________…One day,…/_____________… 2.不仅在……方面对我有影响, 在……方面也有影响。 让我们

把……作为一个例 子来说明这一点。 ….did/do________ ________ a lot in…_________ _________ _________ in…/be __________ in __________…___________… Let’s take…_________ _________ _________ to illustrate this. 3.某人在……方面有很大的影响。 Sb. has a great ___________ __________…, for example… 4.由于……我在……方面取得了很大进步。这里有一个例子。 _________ __________…, I _________ great _________ _________… Here is one example. 相 关 短 语 5. 以……为例,从某人身上/某事中,我懂得了很多/知道该如何…… __________…_________ __________ /_________ ____________,…__________ _______./sth., I learn a lot/know how to do… 6.对我影响最大的就是……。……也是如此。 __________ influenced me most is…________ ________ is true of… 7.这(给我们)提供了某方面的典型的例子。正是我的老师…… This _________ a typical instance of…_________ ________my teacher ________… 8.我们可以举一个……常见的例子。……留下深刻印象。 We may_________a common example of…/…________ _________ _________…/ _________ __________most. 9.想想……令某人感动 Just think of…_________ __________ __________… 10.使某人想起……….________ sb. __________… 举例说明该老师对你学习或成长的影响。 (20 12 年广东高考) 1. Teachers_______ 语 篇 模 板 _________students _________ _________ _________ their study _______ ________ _________in their communicating with others. ________ me _______ _________ .When I was in the middle school, I was very poor at my study. _________ _________ ________ it , I felt so discouraged that I didn’t want to communicate with others, but my English teacher changed me a lot.

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2. Ms Wang was the teacher______ studies. _______ _______ my study. ______

________ _______

_______ my ________ _______

___ her help, I ______

________one example. When I wrote English

composition, I often didn’t know how to express some expressions in English. At that time, I wanted to give it up. However, she helped me to find the best way to solve the problem.

(二)提高篇:
Setence 1:就我而言,托马斯.爱迪生是我的偶像,因为他的发明完全改变了我的生活。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Setence 2:对于缺席有两个原因:一是生病,二是旷课。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Setence 3:微笑有很多好处。它不仅能让我们开心,还能取悦别人。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Setence 4:在我看来,每个人都对这件事的新安排很满意。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Setence 5:如果你想学好英语,勤奋些,正如谚语所说的,“一份耕耘,一份收获。” _______________________________________________________________________________ Setence 6:常言道,“任何事物都是一分为二的。”一方面,体育运动对身体有益;另一方面, 如果处理不当,就会对身体有害。因此,我们应当一分为二地看待事物。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

【导学】
(一)技巧点拨 举例说明指需要”举例说明”的要点, 如”举例说明养成良好学习习惯的益处 ”“举例说明 近年来家乡的变化”“举例说明父母对子女的影响”“举例说明国家稳定的重要性”等等. 千万 要记住, 举例说明的目的是为了说明某一主题 , 也就是说, 我们一定要围绕主题选好例子, 所举例子一定要能够说明这一主题.

(二)初级篇 例题导写 No.1 1. 举例说明网上购物的弊端. 主题句: 网上购物是目前最流行的购物方式, 在带给我们方便的同时, 也显示出了很多 的弊端. Key words: online shopping / the most popular / convenience / disadvantage
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___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 2.举例说明国庆长假给经济发展带来的好处。 主题句:长达 8 天的国庆长假,极大地促进了旅游业的繁荣,同时也进一步刺激消费, 拉动中国经济的增长。 Key words:the long vocation/ National Day/contribute to the prosperity of/stimulate consumption/drive economic growth ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 3.举例说明请家教的好处。 主题句:家教确实能给我们带来很多的好处。 Key words:benefit parents and their kids/advantages/helpful to the parents/good for tutors themselves/beneficial for kids ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

例题导写 No.2 读写任务:阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左有的英语短文。 Every year,there are 3 million young people in the United States from victims to crimes at school. Almost 2 mullion of these incidents involve violence. Although most school violence takes the form of minor assaults (攻击) , some offences (犯罪) are far more serious. Some end in tragedy. For example,in two recent academic years,a total of 85 young people died violently in U. S. schools. Seventy-five percent of these incidents involved firearms(轻武器) .
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Reports of assaults,robberies,and vandalism(破坏公物)were on the rise in U. S. schools from the late 1960s to the early 1970s. School violence leveled off by 1975。But in the early-and mid 一 1980s,reports revealed that school violence was on the rise once more, reaching a new peak (高峰) in the early 1990s. Recent information tells us that today, school violence may be decreasing. In short,school violence,like violence in society,seems to run in cycles. These cycles appear to mirror the trends of violence in our larger society. The threat of attacks in schools can create fear and disorder among students and teachers. According to a study conducted in 1995,34 percent of middle school students and 20 percent of high school students admitted that they feared becoming victims of school violence. Eight percent of teachers say they are threatened with violence at school on an average of once a month. In a single school year in New York City,3, 984 teachers reported violent crimes against them. 写作内容: 1.以约 30 词概括短文的内容要点; 2.以约 120 个词就“school violence"发表看法,内容要点包括: (I)你觉得“school violence”对学生有什么危害; (2)请举例说明发生在你身边的“school violence”事件; (3)对于如何解决“school violence”事件,你有何建议? ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

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(三)中级篇 阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文 You must have heard stress contributes to 80% of major illness and is responsible for 75% to 90% of doctor's visits. But that's not stress; it's distress. "Stress is the only anti--aging agent we know of the exact opposite of what we think," says psychologist James E. Loehr, What really brings happiness is meeting obstacles and overcoming them. The damage occurs when stress levels never go down. A recent study showed it took nine days longer for the constantly stressed family caregivers of chronically(慢性地) ill patients to heal from wounds than it took other people the same age. Stress is essential. Life without it would be like having a brand new cherry red Porsche and driving it only in the driveway. [写作内容] 1、以约 30 个词概括短文的要点; 2、然后以约 120 个词就“你如何看待压力”的主题发表看法,并包括如下要点: (1)你是如何看待压力的? (2)在你的学习或生活中压力是否大?如何正视压力? [写作要求] 1、可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直 接引用原文中的句子; 2、标题自定。 ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

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【展示】
初级篇 Children in modern times lack nature experience, ______________________ (这严重影响) their growth from their physical health and mental health to creativity and cognitive skills. ___________________________ (采取措施) to solve the problem. Our school offers many different kinds of after-school ____________ (活动).These include school activities, such as sports, music and drama and outdoors activities ________ (比喻说)picnicking, outing, mountain climbing, etc. I think _______________________ (这很重要)for students to participate in extracurricular activities. Extracurricular activities can improve our social life, introducing us to new people outside our class or school. _______________(此外), they can reduce the stress and pressure we experience _______________________ (由于)our studies. Also, they can bring us a lot of enjoyment. If we feel fresh and relaxed we can study better, so they will also be good for our grades. Thus,_____________________(在我看来), if we focus too much on any one thing, either study or after-school activities, we will be negatively affected. But with the right balance both can improve. 中级篇 【学生习作】 In the past years ,I attached little importance to oral English ,thinking that it has little effect on my school life .As a result ,I paid little attention to oral English every time I have chance to practise it .However ,with the approaching of Guangdong College Entrance Examination ,I have to face it .This reminds me to change the attitude I held towards oral English .I realize that not only can English help us communicate with others ,but also it can help us get closer to success. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 参考版本: In the past years ,I held a poor attitude towards oral English and seldom practiced since it was never a must in the exams and I was ashamed of the mistakes made in English learning. What's worst , I was even frightened whenever I was faced with it .However , things began to change as the oral English test of Guangdong College Entrance Examination is approaching .Therefore, it is natural for me to make every endeavor to improve it . What I should do first is to get well prepared for the coming test by doing more practice .Then, a lot of recitation is helpful in my mind . Last but not least, I should overcome my shyness and nervousness when speaking English so that I can speak more fluently .
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高级篇 NO.1 阅读下面短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 I used to watch her from my kitchen window . And I remember the first day I saw her playing basketball . She ran circles around the other boys and managed to shoot jump shots into the net . I began to notice her at other times , basketball in hand , playing alone .She would practice dribbling and shooting over and over again , sometimes until dark . One day I asked her why she practiced so much . She said , “I have to get a scholarship to go to college . I am going to play college basketball . My daddy told me that if the dream is big enough , the facts don’t count . ” Then she smiled and ran towards the court to repeat the routine . I watched her through those junior high years and into high school . Every week ,she led her team to victory . One day in her senior year , I saw her sitting in the grass , head craddled(放……进) in her arms . I walked across the street and asked what was wrong . “Oh , nothing , I am just too short . The coach said I should stop dreaming about college .” She was heartbroken and I felt my own throat tighten . I asked her if she had talked to her dad about it yet . She lifted her head from her hands and told me that her father said those coaches did not understand the power of a dream . He told her again , “If the dream is big enough , the facts don’t count .” The next year , as she and her team went to the Northern California Championship games , she was seen by a college recruiter . She was indeed offered a scholarship . She was going to get the college education that she had dreamed of and worked toward for all those years . It’s true , if the dream is big enough , the facts don’t count . [写作内容] 1. 概括短文的内容要点,该部分的字数 30 词左右; 2. 然后写一篇 120 个字的文章,内容包括: (1)一次为梦想坚持不懈的亲身经历或故事(可以虚构) ; (2)你的感受和想法。 [写作要求] 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得 直接引用原文中的句子; 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
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NO.2 阅读下面的短文,然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 [阅读材料] You must have heard stress contributes to 80% of major illness and is responsible for 75% to 90% of doctor's visits. But that's not stress; it's distress. "Stress is the only anti--aging agent we know of the exact opposite of what we think," says psychologist James E. Loehr, What really brings happiness is meeting obstacles and overcoming them. The damage occurs when stress levels never go down. A recent study showed it took nine days longer for the constantly stressed family caregivers of chronically(慢性地) ill patients to heal from wounds than it took other people the same age. Stress is essential. Life without it would be like having a brand new cherry red Porsche and driving it only in the driveway. [写作内容] 1、以约 30 个词概括短文的要点; 2、然后以约 120 个词就“你如何看待压力”的主题发表看法,并包括如下要点: (1)你是如何看待压力的? (2)在你的学习或生活中压力是否大?如何正视压力? [写作要求] 1、可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直 接引用原文中的句子; 2、标题自定。 ___________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

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参考答案: 【诊查】 (一)基础篇: 1. Sb. was the teacher who helped me with…One day,…/At that time… 2….did/do affect sb. a lot in…as well as in…/be influential in either…or…Let’s take…as 相 关 短 语 an example to illustrate this. 3. Sb. has an great effect on…, for example… 4. Thanks to…, I made great progress in… Here is one example. 5. Take…for example/For example,…For sb./sth., I learn a lot/know how to do… 6. What influenced me most is…The same is true of… 7. This offers a typical instance of…It was my teacher who… 8. We may quote a common example of…/…make an impression…/impress sb.most. 9. Just think of…make sb. moved… 10….remind sb. of… 举例说明该老师对你学习或成长的影响。 (20 12 年广东高考) 1. Teachers do affect students a lot in their study as well as in their communicating with others. Take me for example. When I was in the middle school, I was very poor at my study. Just think of it, I felt so discouraged that I didn’t want to communicate 语 篇 模 板 with others, but my English teacher changed me a lot. 2. Ms Wang was the teacher who helped me with my studies. Thanks to her help, I made great progress in my study. Here is one example. When I wrote English composition, I often didn’t know how to express some expressions in English. At that time, I wanted to give it up. However, she helped me to find the best way to solve the problem. (二)提高篇 Setence 1:As for myself, Thomas Edison is my idol because his inventions have greatly changed our life. Setence 2:There are two major reasons for such absences:One is sickness,and the other is truancy. Setence 3: There are many advantages of smiling. It can not only make us happy, but also please others. Setence 4:As far as I'm concerned,everyone is happy about this new arrangement of things. Setence 5: So if you want to learn English well, work harder. Just as the proverb says, " no pains, no gains”. Setence 6:As the saying goes,“Everything has two sides”.On the one hand,physical exercise is good for your health. On the other hand, if you don't deal with it properly, it will do harm to your health. So we should look at the matter from two sides.
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【导学】
(二)初级篇 例题导写 No.1 1.举例说米国内网上购物的弊端 Online shopping is the most popular shopping way at present, It brings us great conveniences, but at the same time it also shows us a lot of disadvantages. For instance, it is possible to buy something that maybe not what we really want ,because we cannot see the thing itself. However, if you want to return or change the goods, you must spend some extra money. Such examples can often be seen in our daily life. 2.举例说明国庆长假给经济发展带来的好处 The long vocation of national day lasts eight days, which contributes to the prosperity of tourism and at the same time, stimulate consumption and plays an important role in economic growth. For example, most of the hotels have been booked one month ahead, and many commodities are on sale to attract more customers. 3.举例说明请家教的好处 Private tutor san benefit kids indeed. Take me as an example. When I was in grade six in primary school, my parents were so busy with their work that they had no time to help with my lessons so mu private tutor was helpful , with the help of the tutor, I made great progress in my studies and I could enter a very good junior school. 例题导写 No.2 The passage is mainly about the violence among young people especially school violence. According to the reports, the rate of school violence is increasing since 1990s and it can cuase fear and disorder among teachers and students School violence has been quite common now and it does affect school students both physically and mentally. Some students may get injured or even lose their lives in the school violence, which greatly influences them a lot in their study and even their future life Just a week before the long national holiday. One violent thing happened in my school, which surprised me most. Several boy students fought with another one, even using a knife to frighten him Just because one of the boy students and another one love the same girl. Such little thing could result in school violence. Another example is that two teachers in one school quarreled with each other for different opinions on one little thing. At last, one teacher hurt the other one, even though it didn’t cause very serious result. So how to solve such problems properly is becoming urgent. In my opinion, the key is to prevent the occurrence of school violence. The school must first make strict rules and disciplines for students and teachers to follow. The students should be educated to get along well with each other and be friendly and kind to the students around. What’s important, teachers and parents should work together to improve the situation and ensure the health and well-being of all children.
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(三)中级篇 One possible version: Stress keeps you young The passage tells us that stress is not an obstacle but a power of success in your life. What's more, it is good for us to stay young. According to the study, we know that stress is necessary in our life, which can motivate us to go ahead. Everyone is affected by stressful situations. How to manage your stress? I hold the same view with the author: stress is essential and we should be lucky to be together with it. As for me, I am keen on studying and enjoy the stress from study now. Once upon a time, I was discouraged because of too much stress from heavy study task. Later, I found the key to taking stress head--on is being relaxed. The better you relax, the better mood you can get from study. Don't be pessimistic when stress comes into view, maybe it's a turning point in your life.

【展示】
初级篇 which seriously affects, Measures should be taken, activities, like, it very important, In addition, as the result of, in my view, 高级篇 NO.1 Possible versions This passage mainly tells about a girl who succeeded in making her dream come true and becoming an excellent basketballer , though short and not good-looking . I appreciate her for her success ,especially for her determination and perseverance . To tell the truth , I myself also have had such an experience as she did . About 5 years ago , when I began with junior middle school ,my English was so poor that every one in my class laughed at me whenever I spoke English . “Your pronunciation is the worst in the world .” They were always shouting at me , for which I felt ashamed and cried several times . But believe it or not , I thought I could do it well so long as I stick to , and I have encouraged myself with a famous saying “Where there is a will , there is a way .” After my hard working , I can speak English now . I even won the first prize at the oral competition held last term !

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NO.2 One possible version: Stress keeps you young The passage tells us that stress is not an obstacle but a power of success in your life. What's more, it is good for us to stay young. According to the study, we know that stress is necessary in our life, which can motivate us to go ahead. Everyone is affected by stressful situations. How to manage your stress? I hold the same view with the author: stress is essential and we should be lucky to be together with it. As for me, I am keen on studying and enjoy the stress from study now. Once upon a time, I was discouraged because of too much stress from heavy study task. Later, I found the key to taking stress head--on is being relaxed. The better you relax, the better mood you can get from study. Don't be pessimistic when stress comes into view, maybe it's a turning point in your life.

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高三英语专题读写任务写作学案第12讲——付玉银(举例说明)

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