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高中语法非谓语动词全讲解


非谓语动词讲解及练习

动词不定式、分词(现在分词,过去分词)和动名词统称为非谓语动词。现代英语将现在分 词和动名词合为一大类叫作v + ing形式。这些动词的形式不能在句中单独作谓语用,因而 没有语法主语。但可以有逻辑主语。由于没有语法主语,也就不受人称和数的限定,因为 不是谓语,也就没有时态和语态,但这些词仍能表示动作和状态,所以仍有表示与其他动 词相对

时间关系的形式。由于与其它词有逻辑上的主谓关系,因此也有表示主、被动的形 式,同时也有自己的宾语和状语,一起构成非谓语动词的短语(动词不定式短语,分词短 语,动名词短语)。

非谓语动词(一)——动词不定式 动词不定式由“to+ 动词原形”构成,如:to study, to play,动词不定式虽然不能作谓语 动词用,但仍留着动词的特征,它可以带有所需要的宾语或状语而构成动词不定式短语, 如:to study hard, to play table tennis。 1、动词不定式的形式变化:动词不定式有下列时态和语态的形式变化。 语态式 主 动 被 动 一般式 to build to be build 完成式 to have built to have been build 进行式 to be building 完成进行式 to have been building

2、动词不定式的基本用法:动词不定式能起名词、形容词和副词的作用,可在句中作主 语、表语、宾语补足语、定语和状语用,如: (1)作主语:To help each other is good.(动词不定式作主语时,一般可用it作形式主语, 而将作主语的动词不定式置于句末,如:It is good to help each other. (2)作表语:My job is to drive them to the power station every day. 动词不定式在系动词 be之后作表语,与表示将来时的be + 动词不定式结构有所区别,如:Our plan is to set up another middle school for the peasants’ children.我们的计划是给农民子弟再成立一所中学。 (句中的谓语动词为is,动词不定式to set up… 为表语,主语为plan,但plan并不是动词不 定式的逻辑主语,即动词不定式 to set up所表示的动作不是主语plan产生的。)We are to set up another middle school for the peasants’ children.我们将为农民的子弟再成立一所中 学。(句中的are to set up整个结构为句中谓语,主语为we,同时也是动词不定式to set up 所表示的动作的逻辑主语,即动词不定式to set up所表示的动作是由we产生的)。 (3)作宾语:①作及物动词的宾语,如:She wishes to be a musician.; ②作某些形容词的宾语:可以有动词不定式为宾语的形容词一般有glad, sorry, afraid, pleased, determined, willing, eager, anxious, ready, sure等,如:I am determined to give up smoking.; ③动词不定式一般不作介词的宾语,但动词不定式之前如有疑问词时,就可作介词的宾语, 如:Can you give us some advice on what to do next? (4)作宾语补足语,如:Tell the children not to play on the street. 如果句中的谓语动词 为see, hear, watch, notice, have, make, let等,作宾语补足语的动词不定式须将to省去,如: I saw a little girl run across the street. (5)动词不定式在句中作宾语,如带有宾语补足语时,须先用it作形式宾语,而将该动 词不定式后置,如:I don’t think it right to do it that way.

(6)作定语:动词不定式作定语时,须位于被其修饰的名词或代词之后,如:Is this the best way to help him? 和定语用的动词不定式如果是不及物动词,不定式后面就要用必要 的介词,如:He is the man to depend on. 如果被不定式修饰的名词为place, time, way, 不定式后面的介词,习惯上可以省去,如:The old man is looking for a quiet place to live. (7)作状语:动词不定式可以作下列的状语: ①目的状语: Every morning he gets up very early to read English. 为了强调不定式表示目 的的作用,可在不定式前加in order to或so as to(以便或为了),但应注意in order to位于 句首或句中均可,而so as to不能位于句首,如:She reads China Daily every day in order to (so as to) improve her English. 将表示目的的不定式置于句首,也可强调目的的作用, 如:To master a foreign language, one must work hard at it. ②结果状语:They lived to see the liberation of their home town.他们活到亲眼见到了他们 家乡的解放。 ③too + 形容词或副词 + 动词不定式,表示“足能…”的结果,如:You are old enough to take care of yourself now. 3、复合结构不定式:由for + 名词(或代词宾格)+ 动词不定式即构成复合结构的动词不 定式。其中for本身无意义。for后面的名词或代词是不定式的逻辑主语,这种不定式在句 中可作主语、表语、宾语、定语或状语,如:It is very important for us to get everything ready for the harvest. 当作表语用的形容词表示不定式的逻辑主语的性质或特征时,就用 介词of而不用for引出不定式的逻辑主语,这些形容词一般有good, nice, kind, wise, silly, stupid, foolish, right, wrong, careless, impolite等,如:It is very kind of you to help him every day. 4、疑问词 + 动词不定式:疑问代词和疑问副词后可加动词不定式构成不定式短语,在句 中可作主语、表语或宾语,如:How to prevent them from swimming in this river is a problem.

5、动词不定式的否定式:动词不定式的否定式是由not + 动词不定式构成,如:It’s wrong of you not to attend the meeting. 6、动词不定式的时态形式所表示的时间关系: (1)一般式:动词不定式一般式所表示的动作是和谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生,但 在多数情况下,是在谓语动词所表示的动作之后发生,如:We decided to plant more trees this spring.(其后),They often watch us play table tennis.(同时); (2)完成式:动词不定式完成式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之前,如:I am sorryto have kept you waiting. (3)进行式:动词不定式进行式所表示的动作正在进行中,而且与谓语动词所表示的动 作同时发生,如:She happened to be writing a letter in the room when I came in. 7、动词不定式的被动语态用法:如果动词不定式的逻辑主语为这个不定式所表示的动作 的承受者时,不定式一般就用被动语态形式,如:What is to be done next hasn’t been decided yet.

非谓语动词(二)——动词-ing形式 (二)-ing形式:动词的-ing形式也是一种非谓语动词。-ing形式仍保留有动词的特征, 可以带有其所需要的宾语或状语而构成-ing短语。 1、-ing的形式:-ing有一般式和完成式。及物动词的-ing还有主动语态和被动语态,而不 及物动词的-ing则没有被动语态。现在以及物动词make 和不及物动词go为例,将其-ing各 种形式列表如下:

动词 语态 形式

及物动词make 主动语态 被动语态 being made having been made

不及物动词go 主动语态 going having gone

一般式 完成式

making having made

2、-ing形式的基本用法。 (1)作主语:Seeing is believing.百闻不如一见。Talking is easier than doing. –ing作主语 时,如果其结构较长,可用it作形式主语,而将作主语的-ing后置。如:It isn’t much good writing to them again. It’s no use waiting here. (2)作表语:Her job is washing and cooking. My hobby is collecting stamps. (3)作宾语:①作及物动词的宾语。She likes drawing very much.; ②作某些短语动词的宾语。 Mary is thinking of going back to New York.; ③ do+限定词(my, some, any, the等)+ -ing,表示“做…事”之意,如:We often do our cleaning on Saturday afternoon. Will you do any shopping on Saturday this afternoon? ④作介词的宾语:Her sister is good at learning physics.; ⑤作形容词worth, busy等的宾语:This book is well worth reading. –ing作宾语带有宾语补 足语时,要用it作为形式宾语,而将作宾语的-ing后置,如:We found it no good talking like that. Do you think it necessary trying again? (4)作定语:The sleeping child is only five years old. Do you know the man standing at the gate? 注:-ing形式作定语用时,如果-ing只是一个单词,就位于其修饰的名词之前, 如果是-ing短语,就位于其修饰的名词之后,-ing作定语时,被-ing所修饰的名词就是该ing的逻辑主语。另外,-ing作定语用时,其动作和句子谓语动词所表示的动作是同时进行 的,如果不是同时进行的,就不能用-ing作定语,要使用定语从句,如:The girl who wrote a letter there yesterday can speak English very well. (5)作宾语补足语:We can see steam rising from the wet clothes. 注:当-ing在复合宾语 中作宾语补足语用时,句中宾语就是这个-ing的逻辑主语,可以带有这种复合宾语的动词 有see, watch, hear, observe, feel, find, have, keep等。

(6)作状语:①时间状语:Seeing Tom, I couldn’t help thinking of his brother. 分词在句 中作时间状语时,其前一般可加when或while,如:When crossing street, you must be careful. ②原因状语:Being ill, he didn’t go to school yesterday. ③方式或伴随状语:Mary stood at the school gate waiting for Betty. 3、主动语态-ing完成式的基本用法。主动语态-ing完成式所表词所表示的动作之前,一般 在句中作时间或原因状语用。句中的主语是它的逻辑主语,并且是它所表示的动作的执行 者,如:Having answered the letter, she went on to read an English novel. 4、被动语态-ing一般式的基本用法。被动语态-ing一般式所表示的动作是一个正在进行 中的被动动作,而且这个被动动作也是和句中谓语所表示的动作同时发生的。它一般在句 中作定语或状语用。如:The truck being repaired there is ours. 5、被动语态-ing完成式的基本用法。被动语态-ing完成式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词所 表示的动作之前,在句中一般作状语用。如:Having been shown the lab, we were taken to see the library. 6、-ing形式的复合结构。在-ing前加物主代词或名词所有格即构成-ing的复合结构。其中 的物主代词或名词所有格为-ing的逻辑主语。这种结构在句中可作主语、宾语或表语,如: Your smoking and drinking too much will do harm to your health. 但在口语中,这种结构 如作宾语用,其中的物主代词常用人称代词的宾格,名词的所有格常用名词的普通格代替, 如:She insisted on Peter’s (or Peter)going there first. 7、-ing形式与动词不定式在句中作主语、表语、宾语时的区别。一般说来,表示一个比 较抽象或泛指的动作时多用-ing形式。表示一个具体某一次的动作时,多用动词不定式, 如:Our job is making steel. She likes playing the piano, but she doesn't want to play it today.

8、-ing形式与动词不定式在句中作定语的区别。-ing形式作定语用时,其动作一般与句 中谓语动词所表示的动词同时发生,而动词不定式作定语时,其动作一般发生在句中谓语 动词所表示的动作之后。如:The girl writing a letter there can speak English very well./I have three letters to write. 9、-ing形式与动词不定式在作宾语补足语时的区别。 (1)不定式作宾补时,其动作一般发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之后,如:I have told them to come again tomorrow. (2)在see, watch, hear, feel等之后,如果用-ing形式作宾补,表示其动作正在进行中,而 用不带to的不定式作宾补时,不定式所表示的动作是一个动作的过程,如:I hear her singing in the room.我听见她正在屋里唱歌。 I hear her sing in the room.我听见她在屋里 唱过歌。 10、-ing形式与动词不定式在句中作状语的区别。-ing形式在句作状语表示时间、原因、 方式或伴随情况,而动词不定式一般式在句中作状语时,一般是作目的或结果状语,如: Not receiving his letter, I wrote to him again./ I looked into the window to see what was going on inside.

非谓语动词(三)——过去分词 (三)过去分词: 1、过去分词的基本用法:过去分词只有一种形式,也没有主动语态,它所表示的动作是 一个被动的或是已完成的动作。过去分词在句中也可用作定语、表语、宾语或状语等成分。 过去分词在句中作某种成分时,其逻辑主语一般为该分词所表示的动作的承受者,如: (1)作定语:过去分词作定语时,如果这个分词是一个单词,就位于其修饰的名词之前, 如果是分词短语,就位于其修饰的名词之后。被过去分词所修饰的名词,就是该分词的逻 辑主语,如:The stolen car was found by the police last week. (2)作表语:过去分词作表语时,表示其逻辑主语所处的状态,其逻辑主语就是句中的 主语,如:The glass is broken.这个玻璃杯是破的。 注:过去分词作表语时,和动词的被 动语态结构相似,但两者表达的意义不同,如:The glass was broken by my little brother. 这个玻璃杯是被我小弟弟打破的。作表语用的过去分词在许多词典中已列为形容词,如: crowded, devoted, discouraged, done, dressed, drunk, experienced, frightened, gone, hurt, interested, killed, known, learned, lost, pleased, satisfied, shut, surprised, tired, undressed, worried, astonished, broken, completed, covered等。 (3)作宾语补足语:过去分词作宾语补足语时,句中的宾语就是其逻辑主语,如:When I opened the door, I found the ground covered by fallen leaves. 注:动词have后的复合宾语 中,宾语补足语如为过去分词,常表示该分词所表示的动作是由别人来执行的而不是句中 主语自己来执行的,如:I had my bike repaired yesterday. 昨天我(找别人)把我的自行 车给修了。 (4)作状语:过去分词作状语时,相当于一个状语从句,该结构的逻辑主语一般都是主 句的主语,是过去分词所表示意义的逻辑宾语。为了使作状语的过去分词意义更加明确, 常在分词前加when, if, while, though, as等连词,如:Seen from the hill/ When seen from the hill, our town looks beautiful.; Given more time/ If given more time, we could have done it better.(we是该结构的逻辑主语,是give的逻辑宾语。)

独立主格:上述-ing和过去分词的用法中,-ing和过去分词在句中均有逻辑主语,但有时
它们也能有自己的独立的主语,这种独立的主语,一般为名词或代词,位于其前之前,和 -ing或过去分词构成独立主格。独立主格在句中一般只作状语用,而-ing和过去分词作用 的形式,则要根据它们所表示的动作和句中谓语动词所表示的时间关系而定。至于独立主 格中是使用-ing或是过去分词,则要根据它们的主语和其所表示的动作的主动被动关系而 定,如:The bell ringing, we all stopped talking. 注:The work having been finished, she sat down to have a rest. ①独立结构中的being或having been常可省去,如:The meeting (being) over, all left the room. ②作伴随状语的独立结构常可用with短语来代替,如:She read the letter, tears rolling down her cheeks./ She read the letter with tears rolling down her cheeks. 2、-ing形式与过去分词的区别: (1)语态不同:-ing形式表示主动概念,及物动词的过去分词表示被动概念。an inspiring speech鼓舞人心的演说;the inspired audience受鼓舞的听众。 (2)时间关系不同:现在分词所表示的动作一般是正在进行中的动作,而过去分词所表 示的动作,往往是已经完成的动作,如:The changing world正在发生的世界;the changed world已经起了变化的世界。

易错易混点 1.疑问词 + 动词不定式:疑问代词和疑问副词后可加动词不定式构成不定式短语,在句 中可作主语、表语或宾语,如:How to prevent them from swimming in this river is a problem. 2.动词不定式的否定式:由not + 动词不定式构成,如: 3.v.-ing形式与动词不定式在句中作主语、表语、宾语时的区别。 v.-ing形式:表示抽象或泛指的动作。 不定式:表示具体某一次的动作。 She likes playing the piano, but she doesn't want to_play it today. 4.v.-ing形式与动词不定式在句中作定语的区别。 v.-ing形式:动作与谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生。 不定式:动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之后。 eg. The girl writing_a_letter_there can speak English very well. I have three letters to_write. 5.v.-ing形式与动词不定式在作宾语补足语时的区别。 (1)不定式作宾补时,其动作一般发生在谓语动词所表示的动作之后, 如:I have told them to_come again tomorrow. (2)在see, watch, hear, feel等之后,如果用v.-ing形式作宾补,表示其动作正在进行中,而 用不带to的不定式作宾补时,不定式所表示的动作是一个动作的过程, 如:I hear her singing in the room. 我听见她正在屋里唱歌。 I hear her sing in the room. 我听见她在屋里唱过歌。 6.v.-ing形式与动词不定式在句中作状语的区别。 v.-ing形式:表示时间、原因、方式或伴随情况。 不定式:作目的或结果状语。

7.v.-ing形式与过去分词的区别: (1)语态不同:v.-ing形式表示主动概念,及物动词的过去分词表示被动概念。 an inspiring speech鼓舞人心的演说; the inspired audience受鼓舞的听众 (2)时间关系不同:现在分词所表示的动作一般是正在进行中的动作,而过去分词所表 示的动作,往往是已经完成的动作,如: the changing world正在变化的世界 the changed world已经变化了的世界 8.独立主格结构:有时v.-ing和过去分词在句中也有自己的独立的主语,这种独立的主 语一般为名词或代词,和v.-ing还有过去分词构成独立主格结构。该结构在句中一般只 作状语。 独立主格中是使用v.-ing还是过去分词,则要根据它们的主语和其所表示的动 作的主动或被动关系来定,如:The bell ringing, we all stopped talking. 注意:①独立结构中的being或having been常可省去,如: The_meeting_(being)_over,_all left the room. ②作伴随状语的独立结构常可用with短语来代替, 如: She read the letter, tears rolling down her cheeks. = She read the letter with_tears_rolling_down her cheeks.

非谓语的解题步骤或思路 (1)先判断空格部分所需的是主句,从句还是非谓语动词。 独立的句子, 从句或非谓语 独立的句子 加句号,分号或破折号的话,后再加一个独立的句子。 独立的句子,(逗号) 有and,but, so 等词 加独立的句子。 (2)再根据主句的主语,来判断主动或被动; (3)接下来再判断时态, (4)如果是否定的话,not一定要放在非谓语的前面 (5)一定不要忘记主语一致的原则,如果不一致的话,要把非谓语的独立主语加上。

非谓语常见的位置,或在句子中所担当的成分 非谓语动词短语, + 主句 或者是 主句, 非谓语动词短语 这时的非谓语动词短语起到状语的作用 例如: influenced by the growing interest in nature, more people enjoy outdaoor activities. 在这种情况下,首先,找出主句的主语,然后以主句的主语为出发点,来判断非谓 语动词是主动还是被动,如果已有的非谓语动词的主语和主句主语不一致,还要 考虑独立主格结构,也就是把非谓语动词的自己的主语加上去: 例如: All flights having been cancelled , they decided to take the train. 其次,把非谓语动词和主句的动词比较,看是否同时发生还是有明显的先后。

跟在介词,动词或某些形容词的后面固定搭配 只接动词-ing形式而不接不定式作宾语的动词有: admit 承认 appreciate 感激 avoid 避免 put off 推迟 keep 保持 consider 考 虑 delay/ postpone 耽搁 dislike 嫌恶 resist 抵制 mention 提及 enjoy 喜欢 escape 避 免 excuse 原谅 practice 练习 mind介意 fancy想不到 feel like 意欲 finish 完 成 risk 冒险 include 包括 forgive 原谅 give up 放弃 suggest 建议 miss 逃过 imagine 想象 can’t help 情不自禁 involve 需要 can’t stand 无法忍受 understand 理解 常见的带介词to的短语: be used to 习惯 be related to 与……有关 get down to 着手做 contribute to 贡献 put one’s mind to 全神贯注于 give rise to 引起 be equal to 胜任 devote oneself to 献身于 lead to 导致 be opposed to 反对 look forward to 盼望 object to 反对stick to 坚持 pay attention to 注意 介词后一定要加动词的-ing 形式; 跟在名词后面做定语时, 一般不用having done/ having been done 结构 放在句首做主语 , 一般用动词的ing 和to do … 特殊的非谓语短语 Generally speaking 一般来说 Considering …. 考虑到,鉴于 Time/weather permitting 时间、天气允许的话 Taking …into account 考虑到 Taking …into consideration 考虑到 Provided …假如 Providing…假如 Suppose…假如 Supposing…假如 Juding from/ by…根据…判断 Given sth 假如,如果;鉴于,考虑到 Given that…假如,如果;鉴于,考虑到

只能接动名词作宾语的动词: admit,advise建议,risk,appreciate,envy嫉妒,avoid避免, consider考虑,delay延迟,deny否认,dislike不喜欢,enjoy,escape逃避,excuse原谅、 宽恕,finish完成,forgive原谅,understand理解,give up放弃,imagine想象,keep保持, mind介意、在乎,miss未达到,practise训练,put off推迟,resist抵抗,suggest建议、暗 示can’t help 禁不住,can’t stand无法忍受,devote to(to为介词)致力于·· ·,look forward to 期望、盼望,stick to坚持,be used to习惯于,object to反对,be busy忙于·· ·,fee like想 要·· surprised at 对……感到惊讶 be proud of 以……为骄傲 succeed in 在某方面成功 ·be be afraid of害怕 give up 放弃 只能接不定式作宾语的动词: happen 碰巧,offer 主动提出,promise 答应,agree 同意,refuse拒绝,decide 决定, determine 决定、决心,pretend 假装,fail 未能够,learn,wish希望,hope,expect, afford 负担得起。 接动名词、不定式均可,意义相同的动词:like,love,dislike,hate,begin,star, continue,prefer, can’t bear/endure 无法忍受,cease停止 下列词接动名词和不定式均可,但意义不同的动词:forget,go on,mean,regret, remember,stop,try等 Stop to do 停下来去做 stop doing 停止做 Forget to do 忘记要做 forget doing 忘记做过 Remember to do 记得要做 remember doing 记得做过 Regret to do 遗憾要做 regret doing 后悔做过 Try to do 企图做,尽力做 try doing 试着做 Go on to do 继续做(另一件事) go on doing 继续做(同一件事) Mean to do 打算做 mean doing 意味做

Need, require, want作“需要”讲,其后用动名词的主动式表示被动意义,be worth也有 类似用法。如: The flowers need watering/to be watered. The problem is worth discussing. forget to do … 忘记要做某事 forget doing… 忘记做了某事 remember to do…记住要做某事 remember doing …记着做了某事 mean to do … 有意要做某事 mean doing … 意味着做了某事 regret to do … 对要做的事表示后悔 regret doing … 对做过去的事后悔 can’t help to do…不能帮助做某事 can’t help doing … 情不自禁做某事 try to do … 尽力去做某事 try doing 试着做某事 learn to do … 学着去做某事 learn doing … 学会做某事 stop to do … 停下来去做(另一件事) stop doing … 停止做某事 go on to do … 接着做(另外一件事) go on doing … 继续做某事 used to do … 过去做某事 be used to doing … 习惯做某事

只能跟动名词作宾语的动词: admit , avoid , advise , consider , delay , deny , enjoy , escape , excuse , fancy , finish , complete , forbid , imagine , mind , miss , permit . practise , require , suggest , risk , keep, take to , look forward to , get down to , feel like , can’t help , can’t stand , be used to ,insist on , succeed in , set about, give up , include ,

注意的四种结构: have something to do 有某事要做 have something done 使某事被做 have somebody do something 使某人做某事 have something doing 让某事一直做着 需要跟反身代词作宾语的动词: seat , prepare , hide , dress 如:I seated myself on the chair . I was seated on the chair .

高中英语非谓语动词设题陷阱 陷阱一:形式上是考查非谓语动词,但实质上是考查省略句 1. The flowers his friend gave him will die unless ______ every day. (2007四川卷) A. watered B. watering C. water D. to water 【解析】答案选A。unless watered可视为unless they are watered之省略。又如: Unless changed, this law will make life difficult for farmers. 这项法令除非进行修改,否则 将给农民的生活造成困难 2. No matter how frequently ______, the works of Beethoven still attract people all over the world. (2006广东卷) A. performed B. performing C. to be performed D. being performed 【解析】答案选A。No matter how frequently performed可视为No matter how frequently they are performed之省略。 3. — I was wondering if we could go skiing on the weekend. — _______ good. (湖北卷) A. Sound B. Sounded C. Sounding D. Sounds 【解析】答案选D。Sound good为It sounds good之省略。

陷阱二:形式上是考查非谓语动词,但实质上是形容词的用法 1. He is very popular among his students as he always tries to make them ______ in his lectures. (2007江苏卷) A. interested B. interesting C. interest D. to interest 【解析】答案选A。过去分词interested在此已转化为形容词,interested in意为“对……感 趣”。 2. ______ and happy, Tony stood up and accepted the prize. (2006全国卷) A. Surprising B. Surprised C. Being surprised D. To be surprising 【解析】答案选B。由于与形容happy并列,故可排除C和D。又因为是用以说明主语Tony 的心情,故用surprised,不用surprising (from www.nmet168.com)。 陷阱三:形式上是考查非谓语动词,但实质上是考查某种句式 1. —It’s a long time since I saw my sister. (2007全国I) —___A___ her this weekend? A. Why not visit B. Why not to visit C. Why not visiting D. Why don’t visit 【解析】答案选A。Why not…为英语中常用句式,用于提出建议,其后只接动词原形,不 接不定式或现在分词。注意不能选D,但是若D改为Why don’t you visit也可以选。 2. If you are planning to spend your money having fun this week, better ______ it—you’ve got some big bills coming. (2004广东) A. forget B. forgot C. forgetting D. to forget 【解析】答案选A。此处的better实为you’d better之省略。根据英语习惯,had better之后 只能接动词原形,故选A

陷阱四:形式上是考查非谓语动词,但实质上是考查祈使句 1. Mary, ______ here — everybody else, stay where you are. (2006全国I) A. come B. comes C. to come D. coming 【解析】答案选A。此处考查祈使句的用法,故用动词原形。 2. —What should I do with this passage? — _____the main idea of each paragraph. (2005重庆卷) A. Finding out B. Found out C. Find out D. To find out 【解析】答案选C。此处考查祈使句的用法,故用动词原形。其实,此题也可视为You should find out…之省略。

陷阱五:形式上是考查非谓语动词,但实质上是考查并列句 1. At last, we found ourselves in a pleasant park with trees providing shade and _____down to eat our picnic lunch. (2005上海卷) A. sitting B. having sat C. to sit D. sat 【解析】答案选D。由句中的and可知,此句为并列结构,且空格处填sat,与其前的谓语 动词found并列。 2. _____ many times, but he still didn’t understand it. A. Having been told B. Though he was told C. To have been told D. He was told 【解析】答案选D。句中的并列连词 but 表明整个句子为并列句,同时表明but前应是一个 独立的句子,而不能是一个非谓语动词短语(所以不能选A或C),又因为though为从属连词, 用以引导让步状语从句,它与连接并列句的并列连词 but 不“兼容”,所以也不能选B

3. First ______ the rice by washing it, then ______ it in boiling water. A. prepare, cook B. preparing, cooking C. preparing, cook D. prepare, cooking 【解析】答案选A。题干部分为两个并列的祈使句,故均用动词原形。

第一部分 近年高考题荟萃 1.(10福建25)Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock, supplies to Yushu, Qinghai Province after the earthquake. A. sending B. to send C. having sent D. to have sent 2.(10福建34)In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud. A. sticking B. stuck C. to be stuck D. to have stuck 4.(10上海35) the city center, we saw a stone statue of about 10 meters in height. A. Approaching B. Approached C. To approach D. To be approached 5. (10上海40)Thai is the only way we can imagine the overuse of water in students' bathrooms. A. reducing B. to reduce C. reduced D. reduce 6.(10安徽30)He had a wonderful childhood, _____with his mother to all corners of the world A. travel B. to travel C. traveled D. traveling 7.(10湖南21)Listen! Do you hear someone for help? A. calling B. call C. to call D. called 8.(10湖南26)Dina, for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising agency. A. struggling B. struggled C. having struggled D. to struggle 9.(10湖南30)So far nobody has claimed the money in the library. A. discovered B. to be discovered C. discovering D. having discovered

10.(10江西24)The lady walked around the shops, _______ an eye out for bargains. A keep B kept C keeping D to keep 11.(10江西32)There were many talented actors out there just waiting ______. A to discover B to be discovered C discovered D being discovered 12.(10山东23)I have a lot of readings _____ before the end of this term. A. completing B. to complete C. completed D. being completed 13. (10天津12)It rained heavily in the south, serious flooding in several provinces. A. caused B. having caused C. causing D. to cause 14.(10四川4)A great number of students said they were forced to practise the piano. A. to question B. to be questioned C. questioned D. questioning 15.(10四川17)The lawyer listened with full attention, to miss any point. A.not trying B.trying not C.to try not D.not to try 16.(10全国Ⅰ27)Mrs.White showed her students some old maps ______ from the library. A. to borrow B. to be borrowed C. borrowed D. borrowing 17. (10全国Ⅰ34)With Father’s Day around the corner ,I have taken some money out of the bank ______ presents for my dad. A. buy B. to buy C. buying D. to have bought

19.(??10陕西16)_____ from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees . A. Seen B. Seeing C. Having seen D. To see 20. (??10陕西19)His first book next month is based on a true story. A. published B. to be published C. to publish D. being published 21.(10全国Ⅱ11)Though_________to see us, the professor gave us a warm welcome. A. Surprising B. as surprised C. Surprised D being surprised 24.(10辽宁25)We were astonished _______ the temple still in its original condition. A.finding B.to find C.find D.to be found 25.(10辽宁35)Alexander tried to get his work _______in the medical circles. A. to recognize B. recognizing C. recognize D. recognized 26.(10北京21) at my classmates' faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes. A. Looking B. Look C. To look D. Looked 27. (10北京25)I'm calling to enquire about the position in yesterday's China Daily. A. advertised B. to be advertised C. advertising D. having advertised 28.(10重庆30)The news shocked the public, _______to great concern about students’ safety at school. A. having led B. led C. leading D. to lead 29. (10重庆34)Many buildings in the city need repairing, but the one ______first is the library. A. repaired B. being repaired C. repairing D. to be repaired 1. (09安徽28) The play next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture. A. produced B. being produced C. to be produced D. having been produced

2 (09北京24) For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit _____ on his own farm. A. grown B. being grown C. to be grown D. to grow K 4. (09北京28) All of them try to use the power of the workstation ___ information in a more effective way. A. presenting B. presented C. being presented D. to present 6. (09福建32) not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry. A. Reminding B. Reminded C. To remind D. Having reminded 7. (09福建34) In April, 2009, President Hu inspected the warships in Qingdao, the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy. A. marking B. marked C. having marked D. being marked 8.(09湖南23) When he the door, he found his keys were nowhere. A. would open B. opened C. had opened D. was to open 9.(09湖南25)At the age of 29, Dave was a worker, in a small apartment near Boston and ______ what to do about his future. A. living; wondering B. lived; wondering C. lived; wondered D. living; wondered 10. (09湖南29) Nowadays people sometimes separate their waste to make it easier for it . A. reusing B. reused C. reuses D. to be reused 11. (09湖南31)Please do me a favor — ______ my friend Mr. Smith to Youth Theater at 7:30 tonight. A. to invite B. inviting C. invite D. invited 12. (09江西22) _________ the right kind of training , these teenage soccer players may one day grew the international stars. A. Giving B. Having given C. To give D. Given

14 (09海南30) The children all turned the famous actress as she entered the classroom. A. looked at B. to look at C. to looking at D. look at 15. (09海南35) Now that we’ve discussed out problem, are people happy with the decisions ? A. taking B. take C. taken D. to take 16. (09山东22) We are invited to a party _________in our club next Friday. A. to be held B. held C. being held D. holding 17. (09陕西12) I still remember to the Famen Temple and what I saw there. A. to take B. to be taken C. taking D. being taken 18. (09上海31) A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, _____all four people on board. A. killed B. killing C. kills D. to kill 19. (09上海33) With the government’s aid, those _____ by the earthquake have moved to the new settlements. A. affect B. affecting C. affected D. were affected 20. (09上海35) Bill suggested _____ a meeting on what to do for the Shanghai Expo during the vacation. A. having held B. to hold C. holding D. hold 21. (09上海39) David threatened his neighbour to the police if the damages were not paid. A. to be reported B. reporting C. to report D. having reported 22. (09四川4) Ladies and gentlemen, please remain __________ until the plane has come to a complete stop. A. seated B. seating C. to seat D. seat

24 (09四川10)________ many times, he finally understood it. A. Told B. Telling C. Having told D. Having been told 25. (09天津4) ______ the project in time, the staff were working at weekends. A. Competing B. Having completed C. To have completed D. To complete 26. (09天津9)_____ by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. A. Being encouraged B. Encouraging C. Encouraged D. Having encouraged 27.(09浙江3) _______and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of Mount Tai. A. the; a B. Tired C. Tiring D. Being tired 29. (09重庆25) Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, ______with his old one. A. comparing B. compares C. to compare D. compared 30. (09重庆29) With the world changing fast, we have something new with all by ourselves every day. A. deal B. dealt C. to deal D. dealing 1.(08全国Ⅰ26)I like getting up very early in summer.The morning air is so good . A.to be breathed B.to breathe C.breathing D.being breathed 2.(08北京31)—Did the book give the information you needed? —Yes.But it, I had to read the entire book. A.to find B.find C.to be finding D.finding

3.(08北京32)I feel greatly honored into their society. A.to welcome B.welcoming C.to be welcomed D.welcomed 4.(08北京35)It is worth considering what makes“convenience” foods so popular, and better ones of your own. A.introduces B.to introduce C.introducing D.introduced 5.(08天津4) their hats into the air, the fans of the winning team let out loud shouts of victory. A.To throw B.Thrown C.Throwing D.Being thrown 8.(08湖南26)The trees in the storm have been moved off the road. A.being blown down B.blown down C.blowing down D.to blow down 9.(08湖南30) the project as planned,we’ll have to work two more hours a day. A.Completing B.Complete C.Completed D.To complete 10.(08湖南34) Susan wanted to be independent of her parents.She tried alone,but she didn’t like it and moved back home. A.living B.to live C.to be living D.having lived 11.(08陕西14) around the Water Cube, we were then taken to see the Bird’s Nest for the 2008 Olympic Games. A.Having shown B.To be shown C.Having been shown D.To show 12.(08四川14)We had an anxious couple of weeks for the results of the experiment. A.wait B.to be waiting C.waited D.waiting

13.(08重庆29) to reach them on the phone,we sent an email instead. A.Fail B.Failed C.To fail D.Having failed 14.(08浙江10) that he was in great danger, Eric walked deeper into the forest. A.Not realized B.Not to realize C.Not realizing D.Not to have realized 15.(08浙江13)It is one of the funniest things on the Internet so far this year. A.finding B.being found C.to find D.found 16.(08福建22) in the queue for half an hour,the old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car. A.Waiting B.To wait C.Having waited D.To have waited 17.(08福建33)—Can those at the back of the classroom hear me? —No problem. A.seat B.sit C.seated D.sat 20.(08江苏34) To learn English well,we should find opportunities to hear English as much as we can. A.speak B.speaking C.spoken D.to speak 21.(08山东35)Lucy’s new job paid twice as much as she had made in the restaurant. A.working B.work C.to work D.worked

22.(08北京24) that she was going off to sleep, I asked if she’d like that little doll on her bed. A.Seeing B.To see C.See D.Seen 1.(07全国Ⅰ25)—The last one pays the meal. —Agreed! A.arrived B.arrives C.to arrive D.arriving 4.(07安徽30)—Robert is indeed a wise man. —Oh,yes. How often I have regretted his advice! A.to take B.taking C.not to take D.not taking 5.(07江西24)When asked why he went there, he said he was sent there for a space flight. A.training B.being trained C.to have trained D.to be trained 6.(07湖南34)“Things never come again!”I couldn’t help talking to myself. A.lost B.losing C.to lose D.have lost 7.(07陕西15) that she didn’t do a good job,I don’t think I am abler than her. A.To have said B.Having said C.To say D.Saying

2012全国各地区高考非谓语动词汇总 1【2012江西卷】33.Having finished her project, she was invited by the school to the new students. A.speaking B.having spoken C.to speak D.to have spoken 2【2012江西卷】35.John has really got the job because he showed me the official letter ____________him it. A.offered B.offering C.to offer D.to be offered 3【2012湖南卷】21. We've had a good start, but next, more work needs ____ to achieve the final success. A. being done B. do C. to be done D. to be 4【2012重庆卷】31. Before you quit your job, ______how your family would feel about your decision. A. consider B. considering C. to consider D. considered 5【2012重庆卷】28. We’re having a meeting in half an hour. The decision ______ at the meeting will in the future of our company. A. to be made B. being made C. made D. having been made 6【2012重庆卷】23.______to work overtime that evening, I missed a wonderful film. A. Having been asked B. To ask C. Having asked D. To be asked 7【2012辽宁卷】29. This machine is very easy . Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes. A. operating B. to be operating C. operated D. to operate 8【2012四川卷】8. I looked up and noticed a snake ______ its way up the tree to catch its breakfast. A. to wind B. wind C. winding D. wound

9【2012四川卷】12. Before driving into the city, you are required to get your car ____. A. washed B. wash C. washing D. to wash 10【2012陕西卷】15.________ in a long queue, we waited for the store to open to buy a New iPad . A. Standing B. To stand C. Stood D. Stand 11【2012陕西卷】22.If he takes on this work, he will have no choice but ______ an even greater challenge. A. meets B. meeting C. meet D. to meet 12【2012北京卷】23. One learns a language by making mistakes and ______ them. A. corrects B. correct C.to correct D. correcting 13【2012北京卷】27. _______ with care, one tin will last for six weeks. A. Use B. Using C. Used D. To use 14【2012全国II】15. The old man sat in front of the television every evening, happy _____ anything that happened to be on. A. to watch B. watching C. watched D. to have watched 15【2012全国II】10. Tony lent me the money, ______that I’d do as much for him. A. hoping B. to hope C. hoped D. having hoped 16【2012北京卷】32. Birds’ singing is sometimes a warning to other birds ________ away. A. to stay B. staying C. stayed D. stay 17【2012天津卷】He got up late and hurried to his office, _________the breakfast untouched. A. left B. to leave C. leaving D. having left 18【2012全国新课程】32. Film has a much shorter history, especially when_ such art forms as music and painting. A. having compared to B. comparing to C. compare to D. compared to

19【2012全国新课程】28. The party will be held in the garden, weather . A. permitting B. to permit C. permitted D. permit 20【2012山东卷】35. After completing and signing it, please return the form to us in the envelope ________. A. providing B. provided C. having provided D. provide 21【2012山东卷】26. George returned after the war, only _______ that his wife had left him. A. to be told B. telling C. being told D. told 22【2012福建卷】28. China recently tightened its waters controls near the Huangyan Island to prevent Chinese fishing boats from in the South China Sea. A. attacking B. having attacked C. being attacked D. having been attacked 23【2012福建卷】34. Pressed from his parents, and ______that he has wasted too much time the boy is determined to stop playing video games. A. realizing B. realized C. to realize D. being realized 24【2012浙江卷】1"It's a such nice place," Mother said as she sat at the table________ for customs. A. to be reserved B. Living reserved C. reserving D. reserved 25【2012浙江卷】I think Tom, as the head of a big department, should either study regularly or________ _his job. A. quits B. to quit C. quitting D. quit 26【2012浙江卷】3. No matter how bright a talker you are, there are times when it's better__________silent. A. remain B. be remaining C. having remained D. to remain

27【2012江苏卷】31.__________an important decision more on emotion than on reason, you will regret it sooner or later. A. Based B. BasingC. Base D. To base 28【2012安徽卷】30. When for his views about his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and rewarding. A. asking B. asked C. having asked D. to be asked 29【2012安徽卷】24. I remembered the door before I left the office, but forgot to turn off the lights. A. locking B. to lock C. having locked D. to have locked

1.They knew her very well.They had seen her ____ up from childhood.(MET88) A.grow B.grew C.was growing D.to grow 2.The chair looks rather hard, but in fact, it is very comfortable to ____.(MET88) A.sit B.sit on C.be sat D.be sat on 3.She didn't remember ____ him before.(MET88) A.having met B.have met C.to meet D.to having met 4.Mother ____ us stories when we were young.(MET88) A.was used to tell B.is used to telling C.used to tell D.used to telling 5.Go on ____ the other exercise after you have finished this one.(MET89) A.to do B.doing C.with D.to be doing 6. — What do you think of the book? — Oh, excellent.It' s worth ____ a second time.(MET89) A.to read B.to be read C.reading D.being read 7.Do you know the boy ____ under the big tree? (MET89) A.lay B.lain C.laying D.lying 8.There was a terrible noise ____ the sudden burst of light.(MET89) A.followed B.following C.to be followed D.being followed 9.--- Good morning.Can I help you? --- I'd like to have this package, madam.(MET89) A.be weighed B.to be weighed C.to weigh D.weighed 10.She pretended ____ me when I passed by.(MET98) A.not to see B.not seeing C.to not see D.having not seen

11.____ more attention ,the tree could have grown better.(MET90) A.Given B.To give C.Giving D.Having given 12.Most of the artists ____ to the party were from South Africa.(MET90) A.invited B.to invite C.being invited D.had been invited 13.Tom kept quiet about the accident ____ lose his job.(MET90) A.so not as to B.so as not to C.so as to not D.not so as to 14.She searched the top of the hill and stopped ____ on a big rock by the side of the path. (MET90) A.to have rested B.resting C.to rest D.rest 15.Last summer I took a course on _______. (MET90) A.how to make dress B.how dress be made C.how to be made dress D.how dress to be made 16.The secretary worked late into the night, ____ a long speech for the president. (MET91) A.to prepare B.preparing C.prepared D.was preparing 17.She’s upstairs ____ letters.(NMET91 ) A.writes B.is writing C.write D.writing 18 .The speaker raised his voice but still couldn't make himself ____.(NMET91) A.hear B.to hear C.heating D.heard 19.The murderer was brought in, with his hands ____ behind his back.(MET91) A.being tied B.having tied C.to be tied D.tied 20.On Saturday afternoon, Mr. Green went to the market, ____ some bananas and visited his cousin. (MET91) A.bought B.buying C.to buy D.buy 21 .Jane was made ____ the truck for a week as a punishment.(MET91) A.to wash B.washing C.wash D.to be washing

22.Mr. Smith warned her daughter ____ after drinking. (MET91) A.never to drive B.to never drive C.never driving D.never drive 23.--- The light in the office is still on. --- Oh, I ____ forgot. (MET91) A.turning it off B.turn it off C.to turn it off D.having turned it off 24.I can hardly imagine Peter ____ across the Atlantic Ocean in five days. (MET91) A.sail B.to sail C.sailing D.to have sailed 25.--- Shall we go skating or stay at home? (MET92) --- Which ____do yourself? A.do your rather B.would you rather C.will you rather D.should you rather 26. ____ a reply, he decided to write again. (MET92) A.Not receiving B.Receiving not C.Not having received D.Having not received 27.The salesman scolded the girl caught ____ and let her off. (NMET92) A.to have stolen B.to be stealing C.to steal D.stealing 28.Little Jim should love ____ to the theatre this evening.(MET92) A.to be taken B.to take C.being taken D.taking 29.--- I usually go there by train. --- Why not ____ by boat for a change? (MET92) A.to try going B.trying to go C.to try and go D.try going

30.I would appreciate ____ back this afternoon. (MET92) A.you to call B.you call C.your calling D.you’re calling 31.____ is a good form of exercise for both young and old.(NMET92) A.The walk B.Walking C.To walk D.Walk 32."Can't you read?" Mary said ____ to the notice.(MET93) A.angrily pointing B.and point angrily C.angrily pointed D.and angrily pointing 33.The computer center, ____ last year, is very popular among the students in this school. (MET93) A.open B.opening C.having opened D.opened 34.Charles Babbage is generally considered ____ the first computer.(MET93) A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented 35.How about the two of us ____ a walk down the garden? (MET93) A.to take B.take C.taking D.to be taking 36.____ down the radio--the baby's asleep in the next room.(MET93) A.Turning B.To turn C.Turned D.Turn 37.The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks, ____ that he had enjoyed his stay here.(NMET94) A.having added B.to add C.adding D.added 38.The first text books ____ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century.(NMET94) A.having written B.to be written C.being written D.written 39.She set out soon after dark ____ home an hour later.(NMET94) A.arriving B.to arrive C.having arrived D.and arrived

40.The missing boys were last seen ____ near the river.(NMET94) A.playing B.to be playing C.play D.to play 41.Rather than ____ on a crowded bus, he always prefers ____ a bicycle.(NMET94) A.ride; ride B.riding; ride C.ride; to ride D.to ride; riding 42.--- I must apologize for ____ ahead of time. --- That's all right.(NMET94) A.letting you not know B.not letting you know C.letting you know not D.letting not you know 43.Paul doesn't have to be made ____.He always works hard.(NMET95) A.learn B.to learn C.learned D.learning 44.We agreed ____ here but so far she hasn't turned up yet.(NMET95) A.having met B.meeting C.to meet D.to have met 45.--- You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. --- Well, now I regret ____ that.(NMET95) A.to do B.to be doing C.to have done D.having done 46.The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ____. A.not to B.not to do C.not do it D.do not to 47.____ in thought , he almost ran into the car in front of him.(NMET96) A.Losing B.Having lost C.Lost D.To lose 48.The patient was warned ____ oily food after the operation.(NMET96) A.to eat not B.eating not C.not to eat D.not eating 49.I would love ____ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. (NMET97) A.to go B.to have gone C.going D.having gone

50.The Olympic Games, ____ in 776 B.C., did not include women players until 1912. (NMET97) A.first playing B.to be first played C.first played D.to be first playing 51.European football is played in 80 countries, ____ it the most popular sport in the world. (NMET98) A.making B.makes C.made D.to make 52.The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, _______ it more difficult. (NMET99) A.not make B.not to make C.not making D.do not make 53.When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the door --- "Sorry to miss you; will call later." (NMET99) A.read B.reads C.to read D.reading 54.I've worked with children before, so I know what ____ in my new job.(NMET2000) A.expected B.to expect C.to be expecting D. expects 55.The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ____ the next year. (NMET2000) A.carry out B.carrying out C.carried out D.to carry out 56.____ late in the morning, Bob turned off the alarm.(2001春招) A. To sleep B. Sleeping C. Sleep D. Having slept 57.One learns a language by making mistakes and ____ them.(2001春招) A.correct B.correcting C.corrects D.to correct 58.As we joined the big crowd I got ____ from my friends.(NMET2001) A.separated B spared C.lost D.missed

59.____ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. (NMET2001) A.Having suffered B.Suffering C.To suffer D.Suffered 60.Prices of daily goods _______ through a computer can be lower than store prices. (2002 春招) A.are bought B.bought C.been bought D.buying

1.We often provide our children with toys, footballs or basketball, ______ that all children like these things. A thinking B think C to think D thought 2.There have been several new events ______ to the program for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. A add B to add C adding D added 3.I can’t stand ______ with Jane in the same office. She just refuses ______ talking while she works. A working; stopping B to work; stopping C working; to stop D to work; to stop 4.A good story does not necessarily have to have a happy ending, but the reader must not be left ______. A unsatisfied B unsatisfying C to be satisfying D being satisfied 5.No matter how frequently ______, the works of Beethoven still attract people all over the world. A performed B performing C to be performed D being performed 6.______ this cake, you’ll need 2 eggs,175g sugar and 175g flour. A Having made B Make C To make D Making 7.If you think that treating a woman well means always ______ her permission for things, think again. A gets B got C to get D getting 8.As the twentieth century came to a close, the raw materials for a great national literature were at hand, waiting ______ A to use B to be used C to have used D to be using

9.It took a long time for the connection between body temperature and illness ______. A to make B to be made C making D being made 10.The Chinese are proud of the 29th Olympic Games ______ in Beijing in 2008. A hold B holding C held D to be held 11.______ with so much trouble, we failed to complete the task on time. A Faced B Face C Facing D To face 12.AIDS is said ______ the biggest health challenge to both men and women in that area over the past few years. A that it is B to be C that it has been D to have been 13.Don’t sit there ______ nothing. Come and help me with this table. A do B to do C doing D and doing 14.Faced with a bill for $10,000, ______. A John has taken an extra job B the boss has given John an extra job C an extra job has been taken D an extra job has been given to John 15.He hurried to the booking office only ______ that all the tickets had been sold out. A to tell B to be told C telling D told 16.Five people won the “China’s Green Figure” award, a title______ to ordinary people for their contributions to environmental protection. A being given B is given C given D was given 17.Police are now searching for a woman who is reported to ______ since the flood hit the area last Friday. A have been missing B have got lost C be missing D get lost 18.The bird flu ______ through Asia has jumped from birds to humans at least 20 times so far,______ 16. A sweeps; killed B swept; killing C sweeping; to kill D sweeping; killing

19.The man ______ of shooting 6 school children was caught by Beijing police, the Xinhua News Agency reported on Friday. A being suspected B suspecting C suspected D to be suspected 20.The students entered the classroom, smiling and ______ , and ______ down to have their lessons. A talked; sat B talking; sitting C talking; sat D talked; sitting 21.——Have you ever heard of an American president called Chester A. Arhur? ——No , and he’s not mentioned in my history book at all. He seems ______ A to have been completely forgotten B having completely forgotten C to have completely forgotten D completely forgetting 22.With the magazine An Express Way to English ______ us , we will improved our language skills a lot. A helping B helped C has helped D to help 23.It displeases my parents when Richard and I stay out late at night. My parents don’t approve ______ A of Richard and me staying out late at night B of me and Richard staying out late at night C to Richards’s and my staying out late at night D when Richard and me stay out late at night 24.A communicative satellite ______ as much as 3.5 tons was sent up into space last week. A weighing B weighed C to be weighed D being weighed 25.______ of stealing money from the bank, he was questioned by the police. A Accusing B Accused C Having accused D To accuse


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