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比较级和最高级的用法


Unit3第一课时
比较级和最高级的用法

形容词比较级一般用在比较两个 事物的时候。 最高级,顾名思义就是在比较 时候,某一事物具有某方面 最典型的特征。

一、形容词、副词的比较级、最高级的构成 规则:

1 一般在形容词、副词后加上er表示比较 级加 上est表示最高 级 原级
1)smal

l

比较级
small er

最高级
small est

2) young
3) fast

young er
fast er

young est
fast est

2 以不发音的e结尾的,只加上r表示

比 较级,加上st表示最高级。
1) large large r large st

2) nice
3) fine

nice r
fine r

nice st
finest

3 以辅音字母+y 结尾的,把消去y,然后加

上er表示比较级;加上 est表示最高级。
原级 1)early 2) happy 比较级 early ier happy ier 最高级 early iest happy iest

4

双写最后一个辅音字母,然后加上 er

表示比较级;加上est表示最高级。
原级 比较级 最高级

1) big
2) thin

big ger
thinner

big gest
thinnest

3) wet
4) fat 5) hot

wetter
fatter hotter

wettest
fattest hottest

5 双音节和多音节的形容词,副词,在这些形 容词和副词前加上more表示比较级;加上 most表示最高级。 原级 比较级 最高级 most happily 1) happily more happily most heavily 2) heavily more heavily

good→ better →best bad → worse →worst

many →more → most
little → less → least

不规则变化, 要多加注意哦!

well→better → best
badly→worse →worst

much→more →most
far→ farther→ farthest

原级
fast
short big thin funny

比较级
faster

最高级
fastest
shortest biggest thinnest funniest

shorter
bigger thinner funnier heavier

heavy
athletic expensive far

heaviest
most athletic most expensive farthest

more athletic
more expensive farther

as+形容词原形+as Tom is as tall as Mike. Tom is three times as old as Mike.
There are as many students in our school as yours.

比较级+than…
Our school is larger than theirs. This bridge is longer than that one.

比较级的用法: …than… 1.汤姆比杰克高. Tom is taller than Jack. 2.这只箱子要比那只箱子大. This box is bigger than that one. 3.那些苹果比这些大. Those apples are bigger than these ones. 4.第一个问题很容易,但第二个更容易. The first question is very easy, but the second one is easier.



1.Which do you like ______(well),apples better or oranges? older 2.Who is ______(old),Jim or Tom ? faster 3.Jack is running faster _____ and ______(fast) . more 4.Our country is becoming ______and more beatiful(beautiful). ___________ the taller 5.He is ________(tall) of the the two boys.

◇Look at the pictures and understand
看图并理解

big

bigger

◇Look at the pictures and understand
看图并理解

big

biggest

bigger

◇Look at the pictures and understand
看图并理解

fast

fastest

faster

Zen Zhiwei is short . Tom is shorter than Zen Zhiwei . Xiao xin is the shortest of them .

Liu Yifei is thin. Xiaoming is thinner than Liu Yifei . Mike is the thinnest of all

Competition(写出下列单词的比较级和最高级)
? 1 popular 2 short 3 thin 4 funny 5 good

1 popular / more popular / most popular 2 short / shorter / shortest 3 thin / thinner / thinnest 4 funny / funnier / funniest 5 good / better / best

180kg

220kg

100kg

肥肥-沈殿霞 heavy

Mr. Wang heavier

Mr. Li
the heaviest

Miss Shen is heavy. Mr. Wang is heavier. Mr. Li is the heaviest of the three .

funny

funnier

the funniest

Ge You is funny. Zhao Benshan is funnier. Pan Changjiang is the funniest of them .

250,000 RMB.

500 RMB 50,000 RMB.

The bike is expensive.
The red cat is more expensive than the bike. The green car is the most expensive.

Jim

Tom

Jim is athletic. Tom is more athletic than Jim.
Stallone is the most athletic of the three.

形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的用 法 及常用句型 (1)前者程度超过后者用比较级: A+比较级+than+ B He is taller than she. (2)三个或三个以上比较用最高级: A+ (the) +最高级+of/in+范围 He is the tallest in his class.

Jordan
2.26m 1.98m

Jordan is tall. Yao Ming is taller. Yao Ming is taller than Jordan.

Zeng Zhiwei is short. Pang Changjiang is shorter. Pang Changjiang is shorter than Zeng Zhiwei.

80kg
Liu Huan is heavy .

90kg
Fei Mao is heavier .

Fei Mao is

heavier than Liu Huan.

48kg Lin Xinru is thin. Liu Yifei is thinner. Liu Yifei is thinner than Lin Xinru.

45kg

outgoing Cheng Long is outgoing.

more outgoing

Li Yong is more outgoing. Li Yong is more outgoing than Cheng long.

more athletic athletic Li Xiaopeng is athletic. Cheng Long is more athletic. Cheng Long is more athletic than Li Xiaopeng.

Lily

Lucy

Lily's hair is long.

Who s hair is longer?
Lucy's hair is longer than Lily's .

,

The bike goes fast. Which goes faster, the bike or the car? The car goes faster than the bike.

Jenny

Mary

Jenny is calm. Who is calmer? Jenny or Mary? Mary is calmer than Jenny.

The sheep runs fast. Which runs faster, the dog or the sheep?
The dog runs faster than the sheep.

The girl is beautiful.
Who is more beautiful, the girl or the nurse? The nurse is more beautiful than the girl.

Jim

Tom

Jim is athletic. Who is more athletic? Tom is more athletic than Jim.

Which mountain is higher?

Mountain Fuji

Huangshan Mountain

? ? ? ?

用所给形容词或副词的适当形式填空: 1 He gets up a little________ earlier than I.(early) 2 You do the work _____ better than Tom.(well) 3 She is much shorter ______ than her brother. (short) ? 4 This picture is _____________ more beautiful than that one .(beautiful) bigger ? 5 Which is ______,the sun or the moon?(big) ? 6 Jack is ___________of the cleverer the two boys.(clever)

比较级用法:两者比较,常用句型: A+ (much, a little等修饰词)比较级+than+ B

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

完成句子: 1 这个盒子比那个重。 heavier than This box is ______ _______that one. 2 你下次一定要做得更好。 do better You must ____ ______next time. 3 他学习比他的哥哥努力得多。 much harder than He studies _______ __________his brother. ? 4.谁想去最远的那个公园? the farthest ? Who wants to go to _____ _____ park?


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