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高中英语 Unit2 the olympic games Warming up课件 新人教版必修2


Unit 2

The Olympic Games

Olympic Games through history

Objective
To find out how much you know of the ancient Olympic Games or remember of recent moder

n Olympic Games.

Words and expressions review ancient compete competitor take part in medal stand for
adj. 古代的;古老的 vi. 比赛;竞争 n. 竞争者 参加;参与 n. 奖章;勋章;纪念 章 代表;象征;表示

What do you know about the Olympic Games? Try this quiz and find out who knows the most.

1. Where did the ancient Olympic Games start? Olympia in Greece

2. How many countries competed in the ancient Olympic Games?

only one, Greece

3. Who could not take part in the ancient Olympic Games?

women and slaves

4. What was rewarded to the winners in ancient Olympic Games?

olive wreath

5. When and where did the modern Olympic Games start?

Athens in 1896

6. Who was China’s first gold medal winner and for what event?

Xu Haifeng for shooting

7. What are the three words that show the spirit of the Olympic Games?

swifter

higher

stronger

8. What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? the five continents

Europe
Asia

Africa

America

Oceania

Europe Asia

Africa

America Oceania

solidification 团结 equity 平等 open 坦城 friendship 友谊

The five rings stand for friendship of five continents.

9. What are the official mascots for the Beijing Olympics? The five mascots are officially called the Fuwa.

The Official Mascots of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games

10. How many gold medals did China win in the 29th Beijing Olympic Games? 51

11. What’s the motto of Beijing Olympic Games? One world, one dream

Match the year and the host city of the Summer Olympic Games. 2004 Seoul 2000 Atlanta

1996
1992 1988 1984

Los Angeles
Athens Barcelona Sydney mascots

Do you know any differences

between the ancient and modern
Olympic Games? List two of them.

The Ancient Olympic Games

The Olympic Games in Ancient Greece In the ancient times, every four years in the summer period, a major event, which lasted seven days, was held in Olympia, a city in Ancient Greece. Officially established as a celebration at the beginning of the 9th century BC with a law, it included religious rituals and athletic games.

With the same law, the area of Olympia was considered a sacred place while a truce was initiated: during the Olympics, all the conflicts among the ancient Greek cities-states stopped.

The first written testimonies with the names of winners, date back from the year 776 BC. There were specific preparations for the event.

The first Olympic Torch Relay in the 9th Olympic Games in 1928.

Religious rituals were held at the beginning and the end of the games. An important notice is that except the priestesses, women were not allowed to watch the games and mothers and sisters of the athletes stayed at the opposite side of the nearby river. A general view of Ancient Olympia as it is today.

The Modern Olympic Games

Do you know him?
He is best known as the founder of the International Olympic Committee.

Pierre de Coubertin

Coubertin was a French aristocrat (贵族)

born on January 1, 1863. After examining the education of the German, British, and American children, Coubertin decided that it was exercise, more specifically sports, that made a well-rounded and vigorous person.

At an international congress on 23 June 1894 at the Sorbonne in Paris, Coubertin proposed a revival (恢复) of the ancient Olympic Games. The congress led to the establishment of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), of which de Coubertin became the general secretary. It was also decided that the first of these IOCorganised Olympics would take place in Athens, Greece and that they would be held every four years.

Ancient Olympic Games
1 Only free citizens of one country could take part 2 Slaves and women could not take part (except women in chariot races) 3 Always in the same place 4 Only once every four years 5 Limited number of events which remained the same

Modern Olympic Games
1 Competitors from many countries

2 All adults can take part if they reach the required standard for their event 3 Hosted by different countries 4 Summer and Winter Games; Special and Paralympics 5 Many events which continue to increase

Brainstorming

Name the events of the Olympic Games according to following signs.

Events of the Olympic Games

Boxing

Swimming

Cycling

Diving

Events of the Olympic Games

Basketball

Badminton

Baseball

Archery

Events of the Olympic Games

Gymnastics

Sailing

Horse riding

Soccer

In Beijing; In 2008.
It is a great honor to host the Olympic

Games. To hold the Olympic
Games is a rich prize for a

country. And it can make
a country known in the world.

Do you remember the moments?

opening ceremony

Green Olympics

Cultural Olympics

Bird Nest

Water Tube

Scientific Olympics

Motto

Emblem (会徽)

prosperity happiness

passion

health

good luck

Fuwa
Beijing Olympic Mascots

The Torch of the Beijing Olympic Games

medals decorated with jade

Olympic Medals

silver

gold

bronze

When and where was the 30th Summer Olympic Games held? The 30th Summer Olympic was held in 2012 at London, UK from 27th July to 12th August 2012. When and where will the 31st Summer Olympic Games be held? The 31st Summer Olympic will be held in 2016 at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from 5th to 21st August 2016.

Homework
1. Write a passage about your idea about the London 2012 Olympic Games in about 100 words. 2. Preview the Reading: AN INTERVIEW


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