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高中句型复习之定语从句


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定语从句 一、 关系词的基本用法
关系词 关 who 系 whom 代 That 词 Which whose 关 系 副 词 When 先行词 人 人 人,物 物 人,物 时间 从句成分 主语 宾语 主语,宾语 主语,宾语 定语 状语 备注 Whom 及 that,which 在从

句中作 宾语时,在口语中和非正式文体 中可省略,但介词提前时,that 不能用,whom,which 不可省

可用 in/on which 代替 可用 in which 代替 可用 for which 代替

Where why

地点 原因

状语 状语

区分:This is the room where he lived. This is the room that/which he visited. 二、 只用 that 而不用 which 的场合 1. 先行词前有序数词或形容词最高级修饰时,或先行词本 身就是序数词或形容词最高级时。 2. 当 先 行 词 是 不 定 代 词 时 , 如 all, little, few, much ,something, anything, everything, none, nothing, no one, some 等。 3. 先行词被 all, every, no, some, any, little, much, last,few, just, one of, the only, the very, the right 等修饰时。 4. 当先行词既有人又有物时。 5. 当主句是以 who 或 which 开始的特殊疑问句时。 6. 当先行词前有 such 或 the same 修饰, 先行词和关系代词 指同一物时。 7. 当有两个定语从句时,其中一个关系代词已用 which, 另外一个宜用 that. 三、 只用 which 而不用 that 的场合 1. 关系代词前有介词时。 2. 引导非限制性定语从句时。
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3. 先行词本身是 that 时。 4. 先行词后有插入语时。 四、 只用 who 不用 that 的场合 1. 先行词是指人的不定代词时,如 one,anyone,no one,all, nobody, anybody, none, those, people 等 2. 当先行词有较长的后置定语或在被分割的定语从句中时。 3. 当先行词是一个限定性的表示人的特定名词时。 五,关系代词 as 的用法 as 多和 such, the same 连用, 它代替的先行词既可以是人 也可以是物。 区分: (1)This is the same pen as I lost yesterday. (2) This is the same pen that I lost yesterday. 五、 as, which 引导非限制性定语从句 1. as: 引导的非限制性定语从句,放在主句前后均可,甚至 可以切割一个主句。 引导的从句表示说话人对话语的看法、态度、解释或 评论,译为“正如??” 2. which:引导的非限制性定语从句只能放在主句之后。 引导的从句表示对所述事情的补充说明,表明事 物存在的状态或引起的结果,译为“这一点” eg. 1. As we kown ,smoking is harmful to one’s health. 2. The sun heats the earth,which is very important to us. 3.Einstein, as is well known, is a famous scientist. 4.Such advice as he was given has proved almost worthless. 六、way 和 time 后的定语从句 1.当先行词是 way 意为“方法,方式”时,引导定语从句的 关系词有下列三种形式: Eg. I don’t understand the way in which/that/不填 they worked out the problem. 3. 先行词是 time 时,若 time 表示“次数”则用 that 引导, that 可 省 略 。 若 表 示 “ 一 段 时 间 ” 则 用 when 或 at/during+which 引导。 Eg. (1) This is the second time (that) the president has visited
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the country. (2) This was at a time when/during which there were no radios. 在上述两种情况中,that 是关系副词而非关系代词,关系 代词必须在定语从句中充当成分。 4.注意:当先行词是 situation,case,stage,point 等表 示抽象地点的名词时, 若定语从句中缺少状语, 则用关系 副词 where 来引导。 练习 1.Football is a very interesting game ,______ is played all over the world. A.that B.which C.it D.who 2.Is there anything else____you require? A.which B.that C.who D.what 3.The last place_____we visited was the Great Wall. A.which B.that C.where D.it 4.He talked happily about the men and books____interested him greatly in the school. A.which B.who C.it D.that 5 . The railway tunnel, though the train goes,____will be completed soon. A.which B.that C.it D.whom 6.His uncle works in a factory_____bicycles are made. A.that B.which C.where D.there 7.There is no dictionary____you can find everything. A.that B.which C.where D.in that 8.Next month,____you’ll spend in your hometown is coming. A.which B.that C.when D.where 9.Next month,___you’ll be in your hometown is coming. A.which B.that C.when D.where 10.I often thought of my childhood ,_____I lived on a farm. A.which B.where C.when D.who 11.He wanted to know the time_____he needed to know .
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A.that B.when C.where D.what 12.There isn’t so much noise in the country ___in big cities. A.that B.which C.where D.as 13. Wind power is an ancient source of energy___we may return in the near future. A.on which B.by which C.to which D.from which 14. The girl arranged to have piano lessons at the training centre with her sister_____she would stay for an hour. A.which B.where C.who D.what 15.Crusoe’s dog became ill and died ,___made him very lonely . A.as B.which C.that D.this 16.They’ve invited me to their party ,____ is kind of them. A.as B.which C.That D.this 17.____we know now ,bats come out only at night . A.As B.Which C .That D.What 18.John got beaten in the game , ____had been expected . A.as B.that C.what D.who 19.____has been said above ,grammar is a set of dead rules. A.Which B.What C.That D.As 20.Do you know the reason ____he was late? A.that B.which C.for what D.for which 21.He built a telescope _____he could study the skies. A.in which B.with that C.through which D.by it 22.I have bought two ballpens ,_____ writes well . A.none of which B.neither of which C.none of them D.neither of them 23.There are two thousand students in our school , ____are girls . A.of whom two thirds B.two -thirds of them C.two -third in them D.two -thirds in which 24.Do you know the man_____ ? A. whom I spoke B. who I spoke C. spoke to D. to I that
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I spoke 25. factory ____we’ visit next week isn’ far from here . The ll t A.where B.in which C.which D.to which 26.This is one of the best films ____this year. A.have been shown B.that have shown C.that have been shown D.which has been shown 27.Can you lend me the book____ the other day ? A.you talked about B.about that you talked C.that you talked D.which you talked 28.Is there any one in you class ______family is in the city . A.who B.who’s C.which D.whose 29.I’ll never forget the days we stayed together. A.when B.in which C.which D.what 30.We went through a period_____communications were very difficult in the rural areas. A.which B.whose C.in which D.with which 31.I’ll tell you______ he told me last month . A.all which B.all what C.that all D.all 32.Do you know the reason ______she got so angry yesterday? A.for why B.for that C.which D.why 33.I still remember the day ____she first wore that pink dress. A.which B.in which?? C.on that D.on which 34.I’ll show you a store _____you may buy all ____you need . A. which , / B. in where , which C. which , that D. , that that 35.Winter is the time of year ____the days are short and nights are long. A.where B.when C.that D.on which 36.The train _____she was travelling was late. A.which B.on which C.for which D.on that 37.The second World War _____millions of people were killed ended in 1945. A.during which B.in that C.where D.on which
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38.Is oxygen the only gas ____helps fire burn ? A.that B./ C.which D.it 39.This is the best hotel in the city _____I know . A.which B.that C.where D.it 40. I’ve read all the books ___were borrowed from the library . A.that B./ C.which D.they 41. scientist and his achievements___ you told me about are The admired by us all. A.which B.who C.that D.whose 42.She hasn’t got enough money_____ to buy the rings . A.which B.that C.with which D.for which 43.To improve the quality of our producs, we asked for suggestions____had used the products. A.whoever B.who C.whichever D.which 44.We hope to get such a tool _____he is using . A.which B.as C.that D.where 45.Is there anything ______to you . A. that is belonged B. that belongs C. which belongs D. that belong 46.You can take any seat ____is free . A.which B.where C.that D.in which 47.The old woman has two sons ,one____ is a teacher. A.of them B.of which C.of whom D.of who 48.My hometown is no longer the same ____it used to be . A.which B.as C.that D.like 49.You may take anything ____useful . A.you want B.what you want C.you want them D.which you want 50. have reached a point in my life____I am supposed to make I decisions of my own. A.where B.how C.which D.why 51.For many cities in the world, there is no room to spend out further,_____New York is an example.
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A.for which B.in which C.of which D. from which 52.The beautiful dress _____Miss Jones went to the ball was borrowed from a friend of hers . A.that B.wearing which C.worn by D.in which 53.The clever boy made a hole in the wall , ____he could see what was going on inside the house. A.in which B.through which C.at which D.on which 54.The man pulld out a gold watch,___were made of small diamonds. A.the hands of whom B.whom the hands of C.which the hands of D.the hands of which 55.All the neighbors admire this family, ____the parents are treating their child like a friend. A.why B.where C.which D.when 【答案】 : 1-5 BBBDA 6-10 CCACC 11-15 ADCBB 16-20 BAADD 21-25 CBACC 26-30 CADAC 31-35 DDDAB 36-40 BAABA 41-45 CCABB 46-50 CCBAA 51-55 CDBDB

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