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2016高考英语一轮复习 写作技巧点拨系列(二)熟悉四种并列关系 写好并列句课件


写作技巧点拨系列(二)
熟悉四种并列关系, 写好并列句

【核心点拨】 四种并列关系(联合、转折、选择、因果)对应并列句的四种基本

句型。并列句是由并列连词and, but, or, for, so等把两个或两个以上互
不依从, 但意思紧密联系的简单句连在一起而构成的句子。其结构为:

简单句 + 并列连词 + 简单句。下面我们就结合近几年高考英语书面表
达参考范文中的例句来具体学习一下。

1. 联合并列句 联合并列句常由并列连词(短语)and, not only. . . but also. . . 等连接。

其中and可表示平行、顺接、评注、条件等。例如:
Besides, I’m easy to get along with and I really enjoy making friends.

(2014· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ)I am a student in China and I plan to go to
Britain to attend a summer school during the vacation.

2. 转折并列句 转折并列句常由并列连词but, while, yet, whereas, nevertheless等连接。

其中while, whereas表示的是对比“而”。例如:
The food poisoning incident has been dealt with properly, yet we’ve

come to realize the importance of food safety.
He likes sports, whereas I’d rather collect stamps. (2014· 重庆高考)It looks quite ordinary, but to me, it is the most special one.

3. 选择并列句 选择并列句常由并列连词(短语)or, or else, otherwise, either. . . or. . .

等连接。其中or, or else表示“或者; 不然的话”。例如:
Wear your coat or else you will catch a cold.

(2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ)People can either give them as gifts or hang
them in their houses.

4. 因果并列句 因果并列句由并列连词so, for, therefore等连接。其中for表示解释说

明性质的理由。例如:
(2014· 天津高考)All the classmates are friendly and kind, so you don’t

need to worry about the difficulty.
I’m sorry for I won’t be able to pay a visit to Beijing next weekend with you.

【点津】 (1)在“祈使句+and/or+陈述句”结构中, 当前后两部分为承接关系时,

用and; 前后意思为相反关系时, 用or。可将前面的祈使句转换成由 if
引导的条件状语从句, 这时将and或or去掉。例如:

Hurry up, and we will be there in time. = If we hurry up, we will be
there in time. 如果我们快点, 我们就会及时到达那里。

(2)not only. . . but also连接的并列句, 当not only置于句首时, 其后的句 子通常要用部分倒装的形式。例如:

Not only has she been late three times, but also she has done no work.
她不仅迟到了3次, 她还没干一点活。

(3)并列句有时也可不用并列连词连接, 而用标点符号分号(; )连接。例
如: The future is bright; the road is tortuous. 前途是光明的, 道路是曲折的。

【即时应用】 1. 用适当的并列连词填空

①He couldn’t know the truth about me,
me like this.

he wouldn’t treat

②The bell is ringing
③He was ill, ④He doesn’t talk much, ⑤

the lesson is over.
he kept on working. he thinks a lot. I will call the police.

you leave here at once

⑥It must have rained last night, ⑦Jane was dressed in green

the ground is still wet. Mary was dressed in blue.

⑧The child was sick; he,
答案: ①or/otherwise ②and

, didn’t go to school.
③but/yet ④but/yet

⑤Either; or

⑥for

⑦while/whereas

⑧therefore

2. 请把下面句子合并成一个并列句 ①She makes a good name in her classmates.

She always devotes her spare time to helping others.
_________________________________________________________

②Family offers me warmth and care.
Friends give me strength and horizons. _________________________________________________________

③Remember, being polite costs nothing. Being polite is worth millions of dollars. _________________________________________________________

④Run fast.
You will be caught up with. _________________________________________________________ ⑤Gain the confidence you desire. Show how energetic you really are. _________________________________________________________

答案: ①She always devotes her spare time to helping others, so she makes a good name in her classmates. ②Family offers me warmth and care while friends give me strength and horizons. ③Remember, being polite costs nothing, but it is worth millions of

dollars.
④Run fast or you will be caught up with.

⑤Gain the confidence you desire and show how energetic you really
are.

3. 使用恰当的并列连词, 翻译下列句子 ①他英语说得不仅正确而且很快。

_________________________________________________________
②要么你对, 要么我对。

_________________________________________________________
③珍妮说她病了, 但是我刚才在街上看到她了。 _________________________________________________________

④一些人很富有, 而其他人很贫穷。 _________________________________________________________

⑤商店都关门了, 所以我没有买到牛奶。
_________________________________________________________

⑥我们正在开会, 突然有人闯了进来。
_________________________________________________________

⑦他肯定没有回家, 因为我刚才还看到他了。 _________________________________________________________

⑧他有很多钱, 并且可以随便花钱。
_________________________________________________________

答案: ①Not only does he speak English correctly but also (he speaks) fast.

②Either you are right or I am right.
③Jenny said she was ill, but I saw her in the street just now.

④Some people are very rich while/whereas others are very poor.
⑤All the shops were closed, therefore, I didn’t buy the milk. ⑥We were having a meeting when someone broke in. ⑦He couldn’t have gone home, for I saw him just now. ⑧He has lots of money and he can spend it freely.


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