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新课标必修五 Unit1 Grammar —过去分词作定语和表语


1. He became interested in two theories that possibly explained how cholera killed people. 2. He became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera. 3. People absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals. From the stomach the disease attacked the body quickly and soon the affected person died. 4. It came from the river polluted by the dirty water from London. 5. He suggested that the source of all the water supplies be examined. The water companies were instructed not to expose people to polluted water any more.

Grammar learning
the Past Participle as the attribute & predictive
Senior 2 English Group

1.V-ed form used as attributive
(1) Position in a sentence
When used as an attribute , a single past participle usually comes in front of the modified noun or pronoun. a broken heart 一颗破碎的心 the modified word 被修饰词
a lost child
丢失的孩子

A past participle phrase is usually put behind the modified word.

people addicted to the computer
a novel written by Luxun

the advice given to the patient
an old man supported by his son

a school built for orphans

Differences between the present & past participles used as the attribute: 1. Voice Present participle: active Past particilpe: passive

He is the man swimming in the river just now. who was swimming … He was reading a novel written by Charles Dickens. which was written…

2. tense
Present participle : continuous

Past particilpe :
the falling leaves the fallen leaves a changing world a changed world

completed
the rising sun the risen sun

boiling water
boiled water

the developing country
the develoed country

? I know the people building the house there. (active;continouous)
? The house being built over there is a shop. (passive;continuous) ? The house built over there is a shop.

(passive; finished)
? The house to be built over there is designed by a famous architect.

(passive;future)

publish
His book ____________ published last year sells well. His book _____________ being published now will be on sale next year. to be published next year will be His book _____________ his best one. publishing his book is The press(出版社) ___________ famous in the city.

§ Differences between the present & past participles as the predictive:
V-ing form to show characteristics of
the sbuject.

V-ed form

to show the state the sub-

ject is in or how sb. feels.

Fill in the blank with proper words.
2. A. Everybody was excited to hear the news. B. The news is very exciting indeed. ( excited, exciting ) 3. A. The result of the test sounded rather disappointing . B. He appeared very disappointed at the result of the test. (disappointed,disappointing) 4. A. What he said was very amusing. B. I was very amused at the sight. ( amused, amusing )

link verbs:

1. look, sound, smell, taste, feel
2. become, get, run, turn, grow, fall, go, come 3. stay, keep, remain

4. seem, appear
5. turn out, prove

Practice Ⅱ
1. They were all amusing at what he said. 2. He was very exciting to hear the news that their team had won. 3. The situation was a bit discouraged. 4. Two pages in this dictionary are missed.

Disscussion
Aimed to be a provincial standardised school (省级示范校), our school is meeting the acceptance(验收). Everybody is busy doing sth. to achieve that goal. After days of hard work of both the teachers and students, the greatly-changed campus environment has taken on a new look. What changes have you seen? What else should be improved?


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