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高一英语定语从句练习及解析


1 when people talked about the cities of the USA ,the liret __came into mind was 纽约 A city B of whom C one D that
后面是一个定语从句,主句的主语是 liret,be 动词加后面的纽约构成一个完整的句子,然 后这儿就是 liret 作定语引起的定语从句,然后由于这个词是物,所以可以用 that 和 which 引导定语从句

2 he isn't the sort of the person __. he has all surts of secret ambitions. A who you think him B who you think he is C of whom you think him D you think who he is B. 这里 you think 是插入语,可以省略。 其实只是 who he is 而已。 句意:他不是你认为的那样的人。 3 i was so angry at all __he was doing __i walked out A what ;so B that;so C what ;that D that;that D all that he was doing 是一个定语从句,整句句子用了 so...that...结构 4 the scientist and his achievements __you told me about are admired by us all. A which B when C that D where 选 C that。答案解析:当人和物共同充当先行词时,关系代词只用 that 而不用 which。例如:The foreign visitors spoke highly of the pioneers and their performances that they saw at the Children’s Palace.(外国游客高度赞 扬了他们在少年宫所看到的少先队员以及他们的表演。) 5 when people talked about the cities of the USA ,the liret __came into mind was 纽约 A city B of whom C one D that
答案 A

6 the new computer __the low cost makes it attractive to students __well A whose ;sells B which;is sold C of which;sells D whose;is sold C 翻译:这种低成本对学生很有吸引力的新型电脑销售的很好。 解析:whose 作定语修饰名词,后面的名词不能使用冠词。淘汰 AD 这句话是定语从句,which 代替 the new computer,cost 与 computer 是所属 关系,电脑的成本, 因此使用 of,the low cost of which(the new computer)

一些不及物动词, 表示事物内在品质或性能的词, sell, 如 read , wash, smell, taste 用主动形式表示被动,使用 sell,所以选择 C 7 there are several pretty girls over there,__are known to me . A but none B none of which C but no one D but none of whom A 那有好几个漂亮 MM,但我一个不认识 B 答案 which 改成 whom C no one 没人,并不能表示前面的没有女孩 D 去掉 but 8 he was such an ill-mannered man ,__made me doubt __he was well eaucated. A which'whether Bwho;that C that ;if D which;that
A, 第一个 which 指代前面的那个情况“他是一个很无礼貌的人”, 第二个 whether 表示疑问“怀 疑他是否受过好的教育”

9 finaly we got to __was once a wood__the villagers used ai a fallow field A that;which B where ;where C what;where D what;that got to 后边缺宾语 was 前需要主语 the villagers 那句做 wood 的定语 综合选 D 最终我们到了一个地方……,这个地方曾经是一个被村民用作闲置地的树丛 10 i was so angry at all __he was doing __i walked out A what ;so B that;so C what ;that D that;that
D all that =what so...that..如此以至于 我对他所做的非常生气,所以我出去了

11 The man had to leave on june 23 , __happened to be his oly daughter's birthday A when B that C which D then C 那个男人在 6 月 23 日离开 那个日子碰巧是他女儿的生日 这个是非限制性定语从句 排除 D 非限制性定语从句不可以用 that 排除 B 12 has all __can be done__? A what;done B that; be done C that;been done D what;already done 选C 陈述句就是 All that can be done has been done.意思是所有可以做的都做了。 Has all that can be done been done?就是所有可以做的都做了吗? that 后面是定语从句修饰 all , all that=what


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