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高一英语阅读写作训练3


濮阳建业国际学校

高一上学期期末统考专题训练 濮阳建业国际学校 高一上学期期末统考专题训练

阅读理解专项练习——抓主干、理枝叶

班级:________ 姓名:_________

C. since the third Winter Olympics in 1932

D. o

n the same day of the third Olympics

长难句增加,是近年高考阅读理解试题不可忽视的现象之一。英语的长句可分为两类:含有 数量较多的定语或状语的简单句和含有数量较多的各种从句的并列句或复合句。 阅读长句的 基本方法是抓主干,理枝叶。抓主干就是抓句子的主体部分,也就是主语和谓语,它们是传 达信息的主要载体;理枝叶就是分析句子的附加部分,不论它们有多长,有多复杂,它们都 是辅助成分,我们只要明确它们与主体的关系就可以了。如: The moon is so far from the earth that even if huge trees were growing on the mountains, and elephants were walking about, we could not see them through the most powerful telescopes which have ever been invented. 这个长句的主干就是 The moon is far from the earth,其他部分,如状语从句、定语从句 等,都是为突出主题服务的。 Passage A The Winter Olympics, which is also called the White Olympics, were first held as a separate competition in 1924 at Chamonix? Mont? Blanc, France. At this time, many colorful stamps are published to mark the great games. The first stamp marking the opening of the White Olympics was issued ( 发行 ) on January 25, 1932 in the United States to celebrate the third White Olympics.① From then on, issuing stamps during the White Olympics became a tradition. To observe the fourth Winter Olympic Games,② a group of stamps were published in Germany in November, 1935. The five rings of the Olympics were printed on the front of the sportswear. It was the first time that the symbol (象征) appeared on stamps of the Winter Olympics. In the 1950s, the stamps of this kind became more colorful. When the Winter Olympics came, the host countries as well as the non? host countries published stamps to mark those games. China also published four stamps in February, 1980, when the Chinese sportsmen began to march into the area of the White Olympics. Japan is the only country in Asia that has ever held the White Olympics. Altogether 14,500 million stamps were sold to raise funds(经费) for this sports meet. Different kinds of sports were printed on these small stamps. People can enjoy the beauty of the wonderful movements of some athletics. 根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. People have published stamps marking the Winter Olympics____ . A. since the first White Olympics in 1932 B. when the first Olympics games started Genius only means hard-working all one's life. 天才只意味着终身不懈地努力。

2. From the passage we can see that____ . A. the Chinese sportsmen began to take part in the Winter Olympics in 1980 B. it was in 1980 that the Chinese began to publish stamps C. the Chinese began to take part in the Olympics games in the 1980s D. China held the Winter Olympics in 1980 3. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. The third Winter Olympics opened on January 25, 1932. B. Publishing stamps is a way of raising money for the sports meet. C. In Asia only Japan held the Winter Olympics. D. In the 1950s all the countries published stamps to mark the games. 难句注释: ① The first stamp marking the opening of the White Olympics was issued on January 25, 1932 in the United States to celebrate the third White Olympics.为了庆祝第 3 届冬季奥运会,纪念其 开幕的第一枚邮票于 1932 年 1 月 25 日在美国发行。 ② to observe the fourth Winter Olympic Games 为了庆祝第四届冬季奥运会。 observe 意为"举行;庆祝"。 Passage B Today, roller skating (旱冰) is easy and fun, and it is popular throughout the world. People roller skate outside on paths and roads, and inside in rinks. But a long time ago, it wasn’t easy at all. Before 1750, the idea of skating didn’t exist. That changed because of a man named Joseph Merlin. Merlin's work was making musical instruments. In his spare time he liked to play the violin. Joseph Merlin was a man full of ideas and dreams. People called him a dreamer. One day Merlin received an invitation to attend a fancy dress ball (化装舞会). He was very pleased and a little excited. As the day of the party came near, Merlin began to think how to make a grand entrance (隆重出场) at the party. He had an idea. He thought he would get a lot of attention if he could skate into the room. Merlin tried different ways to make himself fool.① Finally, he decided to put two wheels under each shoe. These were the first roller skates. Merlin was very proud of his invention and dreamed of arriving at the party on wheels while playing the violin.② On the night of the party Merlin rolled into the room playing his violin. Everyone was surprised to see him. There was just one problem. Merlin had no way to stop his roller skates. He Genius only means hard-working all one's life. 天才只意味着终身不懈地努力。

濮阳建业国际学校

高一上学期期末统考专题训练 濮阳建业国际学校 高一上学期期末统考专题训练

rolled on and on. Suddenly, he ran into a huge mirror that was hanging on the wall. Down fell the mirror, breaking into pieces.③ Nobody forgot Merlin’s grand entrance for a long time! 根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. The text is mainly about____. A. a strange man B. an unusual party C. how roller skating began D. how people enjoyed themselves in the 18th century 2. People thought Merlin was a dreamer because he____ . A. often gave others surprises B. was a gifted (有天赋的) musician C. invented the roller skates D. was full of imagination 3. Merlin put wheels under his shoes in order to . A. draw the guests’ attention B. arrive at the party sooner C. test his invention D. show his skill in walking on wheels 4. What is the main point the writer is trying to make in the last paragraph? A. The roller skates needed further improvement. B. The party guests took Merlin for a fool. C. Merlin succeeded beyond expectation(超出预料). D. Merlin got himself into trouble. 难句注释 ① Merlin tried different ways to make himself fool. 默林尝试不同的方法使自己看起来有点滑稽。 ② Merlin was very proud of his invention and dreamed of arriving at the party on wheels while playing the violin. 默林为他的发明感到非常骄傲,并且梦想滑着轮子演奏小提琴出现在晚会现场。 be proud of 因 …… 骄傲 dream of doing sth.梦想做某事 ③ Down fell the mirror, breaking into pieces. 镜子掉了下来,摔成了碎片。 Passage C Dwight W. Morrow was an American ambassador (大使) to Mexico during the 1920s. He is remembered as a smart diplomat (外交家).① He is also remembered by his family and friends for his absent mindedness (心不在焉). Once while on a train, a conductor came to Morrow, asking for his ticket. He began to search his pockets. No ticket appeared. Morrow began searching his suitcase. "Never mind, sir." said the conductor, seeing how anxious Morrow was becoming and trying to comfort (安慰) him. "When you find your ticket just post it to the station. I'm sure you have it somewhere." "I'm sure, too." said the diplomat as he went on with his search. "But I must find it. I need to Genius only means hard-working all one's life. 天才只意味着终身不懈地努力。

know where I'm going!" Another time Morrow got off a train in New York and hurried to a telegraph office, where, feeling not unlike a small boy who had got lost,② he sent the following to his secretary: "I am in New York but don? t know why." Within minutes came the short reply: "You ar e not supposed to be in New York. You should be in Princeton giving a lecture." 根据文章内容,选择正确答案: 1. The passage mainly shows Morrow's ____. A. cleverness as a diplomat B. foolishness C. sense of humor (幽默感) D. absent mindedness 2. Morrow was very upset (不安) when he couldn’t find the ticket because____. A. he had forgotten where he was going B. he would be punished if he couldn’t show his ticket C. the conductor looked impatient(不耐烦的) D. the conductor might think he was lying 3. When Morrow got off the train in New York, ____. A. he forgot the address B. he forget his suitcase C. he did not know that he was in a wrong city D. his secretary wasn’t there to meet him 难句注释 ① He is remembered as a smart diplomat. 在别人的记忆中,他是个精明的外交家。 ② ...feeling not unlike a small boy who had got lost... 感觉不啻于一个迷路的小男孩…… 答案 Passage A 本文介绍了为庆祝冬季奥运会的召开,各国常发行一些纪念邮票。 1. C. 根据文章的第三句可知。 2. A. 中国在 1980 年第一次参加冬奥会。 3. D. 其他三项原文都有提到。 Passage B 本文介绍了滑旱冰这一体育运动的由来。 1. C. 本文的话题是旱冰运动的起源。 2. D. 一个充满梦想的人。 3. A. 目的是为了引人注目。 4. C. 根据"Nobody forgot Merlin’s grand entrance for a long time!"可知 Merlin 取得了 超出他预想的成功。 Genius only means hard-working all one's life. 天才只意味着终身不懈地努力。

濮阳建业国际学校

高一上学期期末统考专题训练 濮阳建业国际学校 高一上学期期末统考专题训练

Passage C 本文介绍了一位精明的外交家心不在焉的两个轶事,从侧面反映其不拘小节。 1. D. 根据本文所举的几个例子可以看出本文主要讲 Morrow 的 absent mindedness。 2. A. 从"I need to know where I’m going!"可得出正确答案。 3. C. 本文最后一句话表明了这一点。 be supposed to...应该……

Genius only means hard-working all one's life. 天才只意味着终身不懈地努力。

Genius only means hard-working all one's life. 天才只意味着终身不懈地努力。


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