评分标准 1 词汇
句型 3 篇章结构 4
? 1. 从题目的角度
? ? ? ? Time：30 minutes Words：150 Proportion：15%==106.5 Average score：below 50%
14 13 12 11 10 9
94 87 80 74 67 60 54 47 40 34 27 20 14 7
140 ~14 9 1
130~ 120~ 139 129
100~10 90~9 80~8 < 9 9 9 79
5 6 7 9
(一) 作文评分原则 1. CET是检查考生是否达到大学英语教学大纲规定的六 级教学要求，对作文的评判应以此要求为准则。 2. CET作文题采用总体评分（Global Scoring）方法。 阅卷人员就总的印象给出奖励分（Reward Scores）,而 不是按语言点的错误数目扣分。 3.从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评判。内容和 语言是一个统一体，作文应表达题目所规定的内容，而 内容要通过语言来表达。要考虑作文是否切题，是否充 分表达思想，也要考虑是否用英语清楚而确切地表达思 想，也就是要考虑语言上的错误是否造成理解上的障碍。 4.避免趋中倾向。该给高分的给高分，包括满分；该给低 分的给低分，包括0分，一名阅卷人员在所阅的全部作 文卷中不应只给中间的几种分数。
1. 本题满分为15分。 2.阅卷标准共分五等: 2分、5分、8分、11分及14分。各 有标准样卷一至二份。 3. 阅卷人员根据阅卷标准，对照样卷评分，若认为与某一 分数（如8分）相似，即定为该分数（即8分），若认为 稍优或稍劣于该分数，即可加一分（即9分）或减一分 （即7分). 4. 评分标准： 5分: 基本切题. 表达思想不清楚, 连贯性差, 有较多的严 重语言错误。 8分:基本切题.有些地方表达思想不够清楚, 文字勉强连 贯;语言错误 相当多,其中有一些是严重错误。 11分:切题. 表达思想清楚, 文字连贯, 但有少量语言错误 14分:切题. 表达思想清楚，文字通顺，连贯性好。基本 上无语言错误，仅有个别小错。
? 2.从改卷员的角度 ? 误解：高分=读起来是好文章 ? 正解：高分=看起来像好文章 ? 如何改卷： A.抓壮丁心态 B.每天420篇以上 C.5篇范文对照（2、5、8、11、14分） D.扫两点（错点&亮点）
四级和六级两点非常重要的区别： 四级写出正确的句子就可以了，四级词汇用得不用很 多就可以得到13到14分，六级完全不一样，我们只 看第一就是要多变，多变体现在多用复合句也要用 简单句，第二点是词汇，如果这个词汇是比较平常 的，我拿过来绝对不给你13或者14分最多给12分， 在阅卷的过程中会看到好多老师会看到他们说这样 的学生这样难的词汇都可以用了应当得12分，尽管 错了一个句型，你把四级、六级非常难的词汇都用 上了，非常难的短语都用上这篇文章肯定可以得到 高分
? 相信大家都有这样的感受，明明是背了很 多的单词，可写作文时，总是用一些高中 或小学的词汇（又称垃圾词汇）。为了更 好的克服这样的情况，总结了一些常用的 替代语，希望对大家有所帮助：
? 2.模板句 ? 3.语言升级
? 开头句大众脸： ? With the development of science and technology, our life is more and more convenient. ? 开头句明星脸： ? With the expansion of IT implication, our life is of increasing convenience. ? 开头句巨星脸： ? Thanks to the rapid expansion of IT-based implication, the convenience of our daily life is on the rise.
? 一个都不能多！ ? 一个都不能弱！
Words, my swords!
? 输出类项目（写作、口语）要偷师输入 类项目（阅读、听力） 考察以下的阅读文段： ? Indeed, until two centuries ago, the West was so backward in agriculture compared with China, that the West was the underdeveloped world in comparison with the Chinese developed world.
? ? ? ? ? 1.1 形容词?名词 翻译：知识非常重要。 Knowledge is very important. Knowledge is of great importance. *The importance of knowledge is obvious.
? 1.2 副词?名词
? 翻译：我们需要客观地看待这个问题 ? We should look on this problem objectively.
? We should look on this problem in an objective way.
? 1.3 动词?名词
? We should take measures to save wild animals.
? We should take measures for the safety of wild animals.
? 1.1 be adj? be of + n? n is… ? 1.2 adv? in a adj way/manner ? 1.3 to do sth? for sth
? It is generally believed that fashion is common in any country that has a strong consumer economy. In other words, fashion is not unique to the United States.
? 题目：Will E-books Replace Traditional Books? ? 传统书会一直存在就像电视机一直存在 一样 ? Traditional books will still exist just like that televisions have never disappeared.
? Headache has arrived with the cold and wet conditions. The illness is striking almost everybody from infants to the elderly.
? 翻译：艺术班如雨后春笋般涌现，不少 家长把孩子送到这些艺术班。 ? Various art classes keep rolling in and a great number of parents send their kids to_________ ? these art schools ? such kind of supporting education.
? 翻译：海外旅游价格越来越便宜，因此很 多人选择海外旅行。 ? The price of oversea travelling is continuously dropping. Accordingly, a large number of people prefer___________________. ? these travelling/ tour lines ? this kind of recreation.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Some people believe that education is important. Other people do not agree. However, all people need to study, because no people can grow without it. 4.1 直接去掉 people Some believe that education is important. Others do not agree. However, all need to study, because none can grow without it.
? 4.2 “人们”作主语的时候
? 翻译：一些人认为电子书对孩子是有好处 的。 ? Some people believe that E-book is beneficial for kids. ? individuals
? 4.3 表达“在人们中”
? 这个问题引起了人们热烈的讨论。 ? This has aroused hot discussion among people. ? the society ? the general public.
? 4.4 当“人们”与“自然”相对的时侯 ? 翻译：人与自然的和谐共处 ? _________ coexistence between people and nature ? harmonious ? human beings ? mankind
? ? ? ? ? ? Summary people? 4.1 直接去掉 4.2 the society/ the general public 4.3 individuals 4.4 human being
? 5.1 表达“重大，显著” ? 翻译：iPad是苹果公司最重大的发明之一 ? One of the most _______ inventions of Apple company is iPod. ? significant ? remarkable
? 5.2 表达“关键的” ? 翻译：勤奋是成功的关键 ? Hard work is ______ to success.
? 5.3 表达“不可或缺”
? 翻译：数码产品已经成为日常生活不可或 缺的一部分。 ? Digital products have become _______ in daily life. ? Indispensible [dis'pens?bl]
? 5.4 一个黄金词组 ? 翻译：互联网对开阔我们的眼界至关重 要。 ? The Internet plays a _________ role in widening our eyes. ? vital ? widen one’s eyes?? ? broaden one’s horizons [h?'raiz?n] ? widen knowledge; enrich experience;
? 5.5 一个钻石句型 ? A is to B what perfume is to a flower. ? 众所周知，兴趣对于学习至关重要。 ? As is known to us, interests are to study what perfume is to a flower.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Summary important? 5.1 significant/ remarkable 5.2 essential 5.3 indispensable 5.4 play critical/ crucial/ vital role 5.5 A is to B what perfume is to a flower.
? will/ would??
? 翻译：石油资源会在未来几十年被耗尽。 ? Petrol resource will be used up in a few decades. 6.1 is likely to ? 6.2 tends to
? 翻译：大多数人认为，英语会变得更重要。 ? Most people think that English will become more important. ? According to most individuals, the significance of English tends to increase.
? She is smarter than him. ? She is relatively smart compared with him.
? 翻译：很多人在金融危机中损失了很多 钱。 ? 可数：numerous; a large number of ? 不可数：mass; a vast amount of ? A large number of investors had lost a vast amount of money in the financial crisis. ? Numerous investors had gain a mass profit.
? Nowadays, environmentally friendly products are becoming more and more popular.
? Nowadays, environmentally friendly products are becoming more and more popular. ? currently ? in contemporary society ? in this day and age
? 翻译：现在，很多人过上了比以前更好 的生活。 ? Nowadays, many people live a better life than before.
? Currently, a vast number of individuals live a relatively decent life compared with the past.
? 越来越多的刚刚毕业的大学生发现越来 越难找到好工作。 ? 菜鸟级 ? More and more college graduates who have just graduated from university find that finding a good job is more and more difficult.
? 越来越多的刚刚毕业的大学生发现越来 越难找到好工作。 ? 大鸟级 ? A growing number of fresh graduates find that obtaining a decent job is increasingly difficult.
? 越来越多的刚刚毕业的大学生发现越来 越难找到好工作。
? 神鸟级 ? The difficulty of being employed by a decent employer is on the rise, as the number of fresh graduates grows.
? more and more adj= increasingly adj ? = n is on the rise ? more and more n = a growing number of n ? the number of n is growing
? 在常考的对立论证题目里面， ? 以下四个单词被频繁使用， ? 称之为“四大土鳖”
? 好，坏，优点，缺点 ? good, bad, advantage, disadvantage
? 11.1 表达“对…有好处”
? 翻译：上艺术班对孩子们是有好处的 ? Attending art classes is _good_ for kids. ? beneficial ? profitable
? 11.2 表达“好生活、好工作”
? decent ? ? ? ? 抓住这个好机会 catch this decent opportunity 工资待遇好 decent salary
? 11.3 表达“好主意”
? a good idea
? wise ? sensible
? 11.4 表达“优秀”（好学生、好产品）
? a good student ? outstanding ? extraordinary
? 11.5 表达“A比B更好”
? A is better than B. ? A is superior to B. ? 翻译：少数服从多数 ? Majority is superior to Minority.
? 12.1 表达“坏的，有不好后果的”
? harmful ? Detrimental [,detri'ment?l] adj. 不利的；有害
? Hazardous ['h?z?d?s] adj. 有危险的；冒险 的；碰运气的; 坏的
? 12.3 表达“A 比B 坏”
? A is worse than B?
? A is subordinate to B.
? merit n. 优点，价值；功绩；功过 /virtue ['v?:tju:] n. 美德；优点；
? take advantage of sth?? ? make full use of sth’s merit /virtue
? merit /virtue
? 翻译：我认为两种意见都有好处而且可以共 存。 ? I believe that both views have their own ____ and can coexist. ? merits/ virtues
? demerit/ drawback/ flaw/ shortcoming/ cost
? demerit/ drawback/ flaw/ shortcoming/ cost ? 翻译：我认为我们应该利用互联网的好处 而避免它的坏处。 ? From my point of view, it is wise to take advantage of internet while minimizing its drawbacks.
? for example
1.Take a typical/ vivid / concrete example, …
2.A typical/ vivid case in point is…
? for example ? 升级版* ? 举数据例子：Take a typical/ vivid / concrete example, it was revealed by the data in a recent report that… ? 举生活例子：A typical/ vivid case in point is my old friend Ben. He…
书法一般， 我的 眼睛被men feel they are loved with when needed 所吸引 （错点）， 感觉 这个学生的语法 很糟糕 ， 所以我 给出的档次是5分， 再多看一眼，发 现字数还好， 所以最后得分６ 分
这片文章的书 法要比上个要 清晰，注意我 画圈的地方， 这是在看文章 的第一眼的位 置， 属于重 大错误，所以 心里已经有了 ５分的档次， 再看看字数， 明显有点少， 所以基本也是 ６分。
本文书法比较潦 草，心里印象已 经一般，再看作 文的中间划红线 部分很糟糕，基 本是２－５分档， 最后看结尾部分， 也很糟糕，所以 给定分数４分。
书法一般， 建议 字母写大点。看了 开头和结尾，感觉 该作文有一些好的 句型和单词， 所 以给出11分档， 然后再被一些紫色 划线的单词所吸引， 所以最后给出１０ －１１分的成绩。
书法一般， 建议字母 写大点， 里面的亮点 分别在黄线部分， 所 以也是11分档， 给 10分
? 1. 主语缺失 ? 1)In our country feels very free. ? People feel free in our country. ? ? 2)In my hometown aren’t very busy. People in my hometown are very busy.
? ? ? ?
2. 非名词主语 1)Rich doesn’t ensure a happy life. Being rich doesn’t mean a happy life. Wealth doesn’t ensure a happy life.
? ? ? ? ? ?
2)Keep two full-time jobs is simply impossible. Keeping two full-time jobs is simply impossible.
3. 主谓错位 1)Reading books can acquire knowledge. People can acquire knowledge from books.
2)Now people’s lives can’t leave TV. Now people can’t do without TV.
? 1. 多重谓语 ? 1)In our modern society, there are many examples around us show that many people are cheated. ? In our modern society, many examples around us show that many people are cheated. ? ? 2)Poverty makes many people can’t study abroad. Poverty makes many people unable to study abroad. / Poverty makes it impossible for many people to study abroad. / Poverty prevents many people from studying abroad. / Many people can’t study abroad because of poverty.
? 3) There are many people think that... ? There are many people who think that...或者直接说Many people think that...
? 2. 非动词谓语 ? 1)Some people firmly agree, but others against it. ? Some people firmly agree, but others are against it. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 2)It is said that the place worthes touring. It is said that the place is worth touring. 3. 主谓不一致 1)I have to visit the teacher who teach me College English. I have to visit the teacher who teaches me College English. 2)I use a disk because it hold plenty of data. I use a disk because it holds plenty of data.. 4. 误用词组 1)They insist on post-graduate study is very important for them. They insist that post-graduate study is very important for them. 2)I am afraid of that it’s going to rain. I am afraid that it’s going to rain.
? 1)In my opinion, the future of bicycle is very promising. ? In my opinion, the future of the bicycle is very promising.
2) They suggest that we should choose only the good books to read and never touch the bad ones. ? They suggest that we should choose only good books to read and never touch bad ones.
? 1. 偷梁换柱 ? 1)An important thing for the student to remember is that when writing a paper, you should not plagiarize. ? An important thing for the student to remember is that when writing a paper, he should not plagiarize.
2)If we cheat others, friends will never believe you and they will leave you alone. ? If we cheat others, friends will never believe us and they will leave us along. / If you cheat others, friends will never believe you and they will leave you alone.
? 2. 指代不明 ? 1)He gave a reason for not attending the meeting, which nobody believed. ? He gave a reason, which nobody believed, for not attending the meeting. / He gave a reason for not attending the meeting, a reason which nobody believed.
? 2)Sometimes teachers have to inform the students of the heavy burden they have to bear. ? Sometimes teachers have to inform the students of the heavy burden students have to bear.
? 1)What is more, the change of the weather will make the place look differently. ? What is more, the change of the weather will make the place look different.
2)Surprising enough, he faces the failure very bravely. ? Surprisingly enough, he faces the failure very bravely.
? 1) Comparing with other countries, China pays little attention to the energy problem. ? Compared with other countries, China pays little attention to the energy problem.
? 2) Those spirits were just like an indispensable part of the whole picture when viewing through my camera. ? Those spirits were just like an indispensable part of the whole picture when viewed through my camera.
? 1) Spoken English is an important part for learning English people. ? Spoken English is an important part for people learning English. ? 2)To keep the air clean, we must move the factories which give off poisonous gases to the countryside. ? To keep the air clean, we must move to the countryside the factories which give off poisonous gases .
? 1) Having carried out economic reforms in our country, people’s living standard has been greatly improved. ? Having carried out economic reforms in our country, people have greatly improved their living standard. ? 2)To tell my friend the good news, the letter was posted at once. ? To tell my friend the good news, I posted the letter at once.
? 1) While we reduce the number of vehicles, the speed of traffic can be increased. ? While we reduce the number of vehicles, we can increase the speed of traffic. ? 2) Before I selected the new course, my teacher warned me of the difficulty of the course and how long it lasted. ? Before I selected the new course, my teacher warned me of the difficulty and length of the course. / Before I selected the new course, my teacher warned me how difficult the course was and how long it lasted.
? 1) In the past the price of meat was so expensive that most families could not afford it. ? In the past the price of meat was so high that most families could not afford it. ? 2) Crowded traffic in some large cities is a big problem for city dwellers. ? Heavy traffic in some large cities is a big problem for city dwellers.
? 1) Nowadays, if you want to find a job. Then you must pass the job interview. ? Nowadays, if you want to find a job, you must pass the job interview. ? 2) First you should show good manners. Because the first impression you leave on others is important. ? First you should show good manners, because the first impression you leave on others is important.
? 1．句子成分残缺 ? We always working till late at night before taking exams. （误） ? We are always working till late at night before taking exams（正）
This test is end, but there is another test is waiting for us. （误） ? One test ends, but another is waiting for you. （正）
? Someone/Somebody think that reading should be selective. （误） ? Someone/Somebody thinks that reading should be selective. （正）
? I was walking along the road, and there are not so many cars on the street. （误）
? ? I was walking along the road and there were not so many vehicles on the street. （正）
? The driver of the red car was died in the accident. （误）
? The driver of the red car died in the accident. （正）
? ? It is my point that reading must be selectively. （误） ? In my opinion, reading must be selective. （正）
? Honest is so important for every person. （误）
? Honesty is so important for everyone. （正）
? In modern society, people are under various pressures （误） ? In modern society, people are under various kinds of pressure. （正）
? Because of his excellent performance, the boss rose his salary. （误） ? Because of his excellent performance, the boss raised his salary. （正）
? We must make solutions to the problem. （误）
? We must find a solution to the problem. （正）
? It also may help you to make success. （误）
? It may also help you succeed/obtain your goal. （正）
? Let us touch the outside world of campus.
? Let’s keep in touch with the world outside of the campus.
? Don’t forget to keep a good body health.（误）
? Don’t forget to keep fit/healthy. （正）
? 1、打好腹稿再动笔，减少 涂改。 ? 2、书写漂亮的当然更好， 达不到的最起码也要工整。 ? 3、使用黑色水笔作答，白 纸黑字，这样能够有效提高 整洁度。
? 为了做到文章中心突出、层次分明， 富有逻辑性，建议大家采用“中心句+ 支撑句”的模式： ? 1、每段第一句是topic sentence， 改编自该段相对应的提纲。 ? 2、后面的支撑句是各个分支观点 ， 即supported sentences。
? 作文是各类英语考试中得分率最低的题型之一。 同学们在掌握了一定的作文模板，和基本的语法、 词汇、句型用法之后，如果能在作文中创造一些 词汇和句型的闪光点，必定会使你的作文如虎添 翼! ? 高分作文标志: ? 1：是否长短句交叉;2、是否会使用插入语;3、 用词是否多样，准确，形象，尽量使用能够吸引 阅卷老师眼球的闪光词; 4、关键词是否换用，切 勿老用重复词; 5、句型使用是否准确、地道。
? 下面举某位同学写的优秀作文(14分)的例子， 看看他是如何运用各类写作技巧的。
Computer and I
I never forget the exceedingly thrilling day when my mother bought me a computer as birthday present, which exerted a tremendous fascination on me so that i indulged myself in googling an army of useful information i had expected ,and enjoy a sea of melodious classic music. That night I was sleepless, feeling that the whole world belonged to me. [mi'l?udi?s]
? ? ?
exceedingly 替换 very thrilling 替换 exciting sth. exert a tremendous fascination on sb 替换 sb. be interested in sth. ? google 替换 search
an army of 替换 a lot of
The dawn of the new century witnessed the increasing popularity of computers. Coincident with the advancement of science and technology, computers pouring into the current society as a fashion are appealing to growing individuals. It is no exaggeration to say we have been submerged by them, in large measure! The dawn of the new century witnessed 是一个精彩句型，用来描述在某个 时期发生了什么事情; Increasing popularity 替换 more and more popular Coincident with … 非常地道的句型，表达“与…一致”的意思，替换 With … Advancement 替换 development Pour into ( flood into / swarm into )替换 enter into Current ( currently )替换 now Appeal to sb. 替换 sb. be interested in sth. Growing individuals 替换 more and more people
? ? ? ? ?
It is no exaggeration to say 经典句型， 说某事是毫 不夸张的
For a start, we can, freely, search desired information at any moment . Little by little, our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened. Additionally, we can get huge recreations online by chatting, playing games, or delivering email.
? ? ?
For a start 替换 To begin with We can, freely, search 用了插入语的写作手法 our knowledge will be well enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened. 用了非常精彩的被动 ? Additionally 替换 In addition / Besides ? Deliver 替换 send
There is no denying that , however, computers can function in the disservice of human beings, in a way, especially the growing violence , porn pictures, AV-films emerging on the screen , which leads quiet a few net citizens to copying. ? There is no denying that , however, computers can function in the disservice of human beings, 这个句子有三个精彩之处，首先 There is no denying that这个句型，还有however作为插入语， function in the disservice of 替换 do harm to ? ? ?
Emerging 替换 appearing ( fading 替换 disappearing ) Net citizen 网民，属于精彩用词 pornography
As a classic proverb goes that no garden has no weeds. Computers do play a positive role in the development of people' lives, despite a slice of unfavorable impacts. We should ,therefore, take advantage of the fruits and avoid the opposite facet. ['f? sit]
No garden has no weeds/ no garden is without weeds 替换 Every coin has two sides Computers do play ，do 强调 Positive 替换 important / good 等 A slice of 替换 a part of Unfavorable 替换 bad Impacts 替换 effects / influences We should, therefore, take advantage of … 使用插入语 Fruits (而且fruits 用的非常形象， merits/ virtues) 替换 advantage ( defects 替换 disadvantage ) Facet 替换 aspect
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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