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广东高考英语完形填空解题能力训练


完形填空
完形填空解题能力训练

完形填空选项分析
18 15 12 9 形容词 10 10
1

15

10

形容词

动词 6 名词 3 副词
0

4
2

2 3

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5
1

15 空 30 分



4
08年

4
09年

2
10年 2011年

完形填空文章的特点: 1、基本不考语法; 2、有目的地切断句子或段落之间潜在的 联系; 3、考察对篇章及作者写作意图的理解; 4、挖去的词多在上下文中有解题线索。

完形填空的题型特点及命题趋向预测

首句完整

完形填空所选短文一般无标题, 但首句通常不设空,目的是让考 生迅速进入主题,熟悉语言环境, 建立正确的思维导向。

完形填空的题型特点及命题趋向预测

完形填空所给的选项一般是同一词类,或同 一范畴。测试点往往集中在某些 词类,高考 完形填空题考查动词(5-8个)、.名词(4-6个)、 形容词居多,其次是副词等。而介词、,连 词、冠词等虚词则相对考得少。 因为现在的完形填空主要考查语境,而在 通常情况下只有实词才能较好地体现语境

完形填空的题型特点及命题趋向预测
完形填空主要考查考生对上下文的理解, 要求考生通过语境来作出选择。“语境能力 型”试题具有相当难度,因为完形填空所给 的四个选项往往在语法方面都能成立,错误 选项多半可以和空前、空后文字形成某种搭 配,极具有干扰和迷惑作用。做完形填空题, 需要考生立足语篇环境,树立全局观念,瞻 前顾后,连贯思维,从语境角度来选择答案。

完形填空的题型特点及命题趋向预测 难处暗示
难选之处前后多有暗示。这种暗示多为 后面暗示前面,也就是说前面的填空.从当 时的情况来看,或是线索不清,或是语境 不明,无法填出,但是只要我们继续往下 读,我们就会发现此空在后面的某个地方 有暗示。

完形填空的题型特点及命题趋向预测
近年来,完形填空题在设计上朝着深 层化及语境化的方面挖掘,侧重对篇章 结构的理解和逻辑推理判断能力的考查。 设空时以实词为主,而且几乎不暴露明显 的语言错误,词语在特定的语境中所表达 的隐含信息大都无法光凭表面理解获知。 就选择题而言,则加强了干扰项的迷惑 性,从而提高了试题的难度值。因此,只 有借助上下文乃至全文语境的启示或限 定 , ,才能够准确做出判断。

Skills of Cloze Tests
(完形填空的解题思路与技巧)

context
1、主旨 、写作目的、态度 2、逻辑推理

3、背景知识、常识
4、语境 / 结构词、近义词

Challenge Yourself 1.Many old people don’t have good_________. A. hearing B. health C. eyesight D. mind 1)They can’t watch TV,but they can listen to C music or news over the radio. 2) They can’t listen to music or news over the radio , but they can read with glasses. A 3) They can’t walk outside, but they can watchTV or listen to music or news over the radio at home. B

Challenge

Yourself

real 2.Someone had taken the_____ diamond and put a faulty one in its place. no 3.Mrs O’Neill asked______questions, and she and didn’t scold us either either.

Skill 1:context(逻辑推理)
Japan is an island country and its 1 go all over the Pacific looking for fish to catch.
1. A. fishing boats



B. lifeboats D. trains

C. planes

Skill 2 :context(背景知识/常识)
(Immediately,)the officers jumped into their cars and rushed to the _____ hospital.
A. animal B. biggest C. plant



D. nearest

The space is left to let the rail expand (膨胀) when it gets______.



A. hot

B. wet

C. cold

D. dry

Skill 3: context(语境)
It was an early morning in summer. In the streets, sleepy-eyed people were moving quickly, heading towards their _____.



A. jobs

B. homes

C. houses

D.offices

Skill 4: context(提示词、近义词)
Be sure that you 15 eveything you’ve got and be thankful for the little things in life that mean a lot.
A. bear

C. explore



B. doubt

D.appreciate

Skill 5:context(主旨/写作目的、态度)
His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often 13 about that, Edward refused to buy a larger T-shirt or to lose lose weight. weight A. knew B. cared



C. laughed D. forgot

Skills of Cloze Tests
(完形填空的解题技巧)

context
1、主旨 、写作目的、态度 2、逻辑推理

3、背景知识、常识
4、语境 / 结构词、近义词

Steps of Cloze Tests
(完形填空的解题步骤)

1、跳过空格,通读全文,掌握大意 ≈2mins 2、瞻前顾后,先易后难,各个击破 ≈10mins
3、复读全文,逐个核对,验证答案 ≈2mins

Challenge

Yourself

Last week I was invited to a doctor’s meeting at the Rulth hospital for incurables. In one of the wards a patient, an old man, got up 1 from his bed and moved towards me. I could 2 that he hadn’t long to live, but he came up to me and placed his right foot close mine on the floor. “Frank!" I cried in 3 . He couldn’t 4 , as I know, but all the time 5 his foot against mine. My 6 raced back more than thirty years to the 7 days of 1941, when I was a student in London. The 8 was a shelter, in which I and about hundred other people slept every night. Two of the regulars were Mrs. West and her son Frank. Sharing wartime problems, we shelter-dwellers got to 9 each other very well. Frank West 10 me because he wasn’t 11 , not even at birth. His mother told me he was 37 then, but he was not as 12 as a baby. His “ 13 ”consisted of rough sounds—sounds of pleasure or anger and nothing more. Mrs. West, then about 75, was a strong and 14 woman, as she had to be, of course, because Frank 15 on her entirely. He needed all the attention of a baby.

Step 1:Read-through (跳过空格、通读全文、掌握大意)

Challenge

Yourself

Last week I was invited to a doctor’s meeting at the Rulth hospital for incurables. In one of the wards a patient, an old man, got up 1 from his bed and moved towards me. I could 2 that he hadn’t long to live, but he came up to me and placed his right foot close mine on the floor. “Frank!" I cried in 3 . He couldn’t 4 , as I know, but all the time 5 his foot against mine. My 6 raced back more than thirty years to the 7 days of 1941, when I was a student in London. The 8 was a shelter, in which I and about hundred other people slept every night. Two of the regulars were Mrs. West and her son Frank. Sharing wartime problems, we shelter-dwellers got to 9 each other very well. Frank West 10 me because he wasn’t 11 , not even at birth. His mother told me he was 37 then, but he was not as 12 as a baby. His “ 13 ”consisted of rough sounds—sounds of pleasure or anger and nothing more. Mrs. West, then about 75, was a strong and 14 woman, as she had to be, of course, because Frank 15 on her entirely. He needed all the attention of a baby.

※ when ※ where ※ who ※ what



Step 1:Read-through (跳过空格、通读全文、掌握大意) Step 2:Easy blanks first, hard ones later (瞻前顾后、先易后难、各个击破)

Last week I was invited to a doctor’s meeting at the Rulth hospital for incurables incurables. In one of the wards a patient, an old man, got up 1 from his bed and moved towards me. I could 2 that he hadn’t long to live, but he came up to me and placed his right foot close mine on the floor. 1. A. happily C. √shakily B. disappointedly D. unwillingly

2. A. imagine B. guess C. see



D.expect

“Frank!”I cried in 3 . He couldn’t 4 , as I know, but all the time 5 his foot against mine.

3. A. amazement

√covering 5. A.
C. fighting

C. terror

√excitement D.
C. smile

B. astonishment
D. laugh

4. A. answer B. speak



B. moving D. pressing

My 6 raced back more than thirty years to the 7 days of 1941, when I was a student in 1941 London. The 8 was a shelter, in which I and about hundred other people slept every night. Two of the regulars were Mrs. West and her son Frank.

√brains C. thoughts D. 7. A. better B. younger √ C. dark
6. A. experience B. memories 8. A. cave B. place C. house

D. old

D. scene

Sharing wartime problems, we shelterdwellers got to 9 each other very well. Frank West 10 me because he wasn’t 11 , not even at birth. His mother told me he was 37 then, but he was not as 12 as a baby. 9. A. learn from B. talk to C. help D. know 10. A. needed B. recognized

C. interested √normal 11. √ A.



D. encouraged B. common

C. unusual D. quick 12. A. foolish B. naughty C. bright D. lovely



His “ 13 ”consisted of rough sounds— sounds of pleasure or anger and nothing more. Mrs.West, then about 75, was a strong strong and 14 andwoman, as she had to be, of course, because Frank 15 on her entirely. He needed all the attention of a baby. 13. A. accent B. speech C. Dialect D. language

√ B. kind-hearted 14. A. poor C. capable D. easy-going √ 15. A. fed √ B. relied C. lived D. kept

My 6 raced back more than thirty years to the 7 days of 1941, when I was a student in 1941 London. The 8 was a shelter, in which I and about hundred other people slept every night. Two of the regulars were Mrs. West and her son Frank.

√brains C. thoughts D. 7. A. better B. younger √ C. dark D. old 8. A. cave B. place C. house √scene D.
6. A. experience B. memories

Step 1:Read-through (跳过空格、通读全文、掌握大意) Step 2:Easy ones first, hard ones later (瞻前顾后、先易后难、各个击破)

Step 3: Re-read and check (复读全文,逐个核对,验证答案)

Skills of Cloze Tests
(完形填空的解题技巧)

context
1、主旨 、写作目的、态度 2、逻辑推理

3、背景知识、常识
4、语境 / 结构词、近义词

Steps of Cloze Tests
(完形填空的解题步骤)

1、跳过空格,通读全文,掌握大意 ≈2mins 2、瞻前顾后,先易后难,各个击破 ≈10mins
3、复读全文,逐个核对,验证答案 ≈2mins

Tips to Cloze Test:
1.注重首、尾句。 2.克服畏难、急躁情绪,耐心通读全文。 3.切勿看到一个空格就急着选出一个答 案,必须纵观全文、通篇考虑。 4.动笔时先易后难,注意从文中同样结构或 类似结构中寻找提示,大胆地作出猜测。 5.如果选项从语法角度无法确定,则必须从 语篇(前提示、后暗示)意义上加以鉴别。

Cloze tests are interesting and challenging


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