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高考英语语法填空答题技巧


高考英语语法填空答题技巧 语法填空是通过语篇在语境中考察语法知识的运用能力,我们在解题前应快速浏览短文掌握大 意,有把握的空格可以先进行填写。在读懂短文的基础上,再结合短文提供的特定的语言环境去逐 句分析,逐题解答。下面按题型设计分三种情况: 一、纯空格试题的解题技巧 纯空格填空题主要是填冠词、介词、代词、连接词(含从属连词和并列连词)等虚词。 首先,分析句子结构,根据句子所缺成

分确定填哪类词。然后,根据句子意思,确定具体填什么 词;或根据两句间的逻辑关系确定具体用哪个连词。共有以下 7 个技巧: 技巧 1:在简单句和并列句中,若句子缺主语或宾语,一定是填代词。 例 1:I can’t send a message to Kenya whenever I want to, and __1__ gets there almost in a second. 技巧 2:名词前面,若没有限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词、不定代词等),很可能是填限定 词。 例 2:It is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty was very anxious to help___2___ rice crop grow up quickly. 技巧 3:名词或代词在句中不作主语、表语或动词的宾语时,其前面,一定是填介词。 例 3:…who should have the honour of receiving me ___3___ a guest in their house. 技巧 4: 若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能是填连词。 例 4:…two world-famous artists, Pablo Picasso 4 Cabdido Poitinari, which are worth millions of dollars. 技巧 5:若两个句子(即两个主谓结构)之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填并列连词 (连接并列的句子)或从属连词(连接定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句)。 例 5:The greatest magician of all time was Harry Houdini ___5 _died in 1926. 例 6:He was very tired after doing thus for a whole day, ___6___he felt very happy. 技巧 6: 由特殊句式结构来判断空格应填的词。 (1) 由 it is … that… 强调结构的形式,判断 it 还是 that。判断方法:去掉 it is … that…结构, 句子还是一个完整的句子就是强调句型。 (2) 由 it 作形式主语或形式宾语的句式判断,空格是否填 it. 例 7:…and ___7__ was only after I heard she became sick that I learned she couldn’t eat MSG (味精). 例 8:… as ___8__ took them just three minutes to steal paintings by two words-famous artists.. 例 9:Dating sites also makes___9__ easy to avoid someone whom you are not interested in. (3) 在倒装句式中通常填 only, so, neither, nor, never, hardly, seldom, not until…等词。 例 10:__10___ with hard work can you expect to get pay rise. (4) so / such …that…句型 例 11:This made the goat so jealous ___11___ it began plotting against the donkey. (5) more …than…(与其说……不如说……,比……更……)句型。 例 12: Cynthia’s story shows vividly that people remember more how much a manager cares ___12____ how much he pays. 二、给出了动词的试题解题技巧 首先,判断要填的动词是谓语动词还是非谓语动词。然后按照以下两点进行思考。 技巧 7:若句子没有别的谓语动词,或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的动词与之是并列关系时,所 给动词就是谓语动词;若是谓语动词,就要考虑时态语态。 例 13:When I die, I 13 (give) everything to you. 例 14:That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, 14__(close) my book and walked away. 例 15:In Loganm three people _15_(take) to a hospital, while others were treated at a local clinic.
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例 16:Being too anxious to help an event develop often 16 (result) the contrary to our intention. (2008 年广东高考语法填空) 例 17:Now, Valentine’s Day is 17 (celebrate) in many countries around the world. 技巧 8: 若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非谓语动词 就要确定是 v-ing 形式,-ed 形式,还是不定式,确定的方法主要有: (1) 作主语或宾语,通常用 v-ing 形式表示习惯或一般情况,用不定式表示具体情况。 例 18:…but it is not enough only _18_(memorize) rules from a grammar book. 例 19: 19 _(speak) out your inner feeling won’t make you feel ashamed, on the contrary… (2) 作目的状语或在形容词后作状语,一般用不定式。 例 20:_20_(complete) the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. (3) 作伴随状语,通常用分词,若与逻辑主语是主动关系,用现在分词(v-ing);若是被动关系, 用过去分词(-ed)。 例 21:He saw the stone, __21_(say) to himself: “the night will be very dark.” 例 22:The headmaster went into the lab, _22_(follow) by the foreign guests. 技巧 9: 动词的词类转换主要做主语、宾语和定语。 例 23:There are 23 (comfort) feelings often as any kind of physical pain. 例 24:They entered the Credit Lyonnais branch using building 24 (equip) to dig holes 例 25:These people have made great _ 25 (contribute) to China with their work. 三、词类转换题的解题技巧 这类题主要是考查名词、形容词和副词,根据该词在句中所作句子成分确定用那种形式,具体技 巧有以下三种。 技巧 10: 作表语(在系动词之后)、定语(修饰名词)或宾补(表性质状态),通常用形容词形 式。 例 26:The youngster immediately fell _26_(silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes. 例 27:Teachers must try their best to make most of their students _27_(interest) in the subject. 技巧 11: 修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子,作状语,用副词形式。 例 28:As I looked _28 (close) at this girl, I found that… 例 29: 29 (fortune),the guest escaped unharmed. 技巧 12: 有的词义转换题,词类或词性不一定要变,主要是考查具有与词根意义相反的派生词, 需要句子意思及前后逻辑关系,在词根前加 un-, im-, in-等,在词根后加-less 等。 例 30: People certainly have a variety of reasons for going back to school but one important thing to know is, no knowledge is _30_(use). 例 31:Your mistake caused a lot of _31_(necessary) work in the office. 技巧 13: 括号中所给词若是形容词或副词,有可能考查其比较级或最高级。 例 32:The other frog went on jumping as hard as he could… he jumped even _32_(hard) and nearly made himself out. 例 33:The _33_(bad) damage was reported in the towns of Logan and Clovis, which are about 80 miles apart, police said. 例 34:…, but he felt very happy since the crop did “grow” 34 (high) 以上仅对语法填空中的主要情况进行了概括,在做语法填空题时,还应注意英语中的固定句型、 固定搭配等。

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