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2014春


2014 春 新人教版八下英语重点短语与句型
Unit 1 What’s the matter?
一、重点短语 1. have a cold 受凉;感冒 2. have a cough 咳嗽 3. have a fever 发烧 4. have a sore back 背疼 5. have a stomachache 胃疼 6. have a sore throat 喉咙痛 7. have a headache 头疼 8. have a toothache 牙疼 9. see a dentist 看牙医 10. get an X-ray 拍X 光片 11.take one’ s temperature 量体温 12.feel very hot 感到很热 13.talk too much 说得太多 14.drink enough water 喝足够的水 15. lie down and rest 躺下来休息 16. hot tea with honey加蜂蜜的热茶 17. put some medicine on sth. 在……上面 敷药 18. sound like 听起来像 19.on the weekend 在周末 20. all weekend 整个周末 21.take breaks/a break 休息 22.away from 远离;离??远 23. in the same way 以同样的方式 24. go to a doctor 看医生 25. go along 沿着……走 26.see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事 / see sb do sth 看见某人做某事 27. on the side of the road 在马路边 28. shout for help 大声呼救 29. without thinking twice 没有多想 30. get off 下车 31. have a heart problem 有心脏病 32. go to the hospital 去医院 33.take sb to the hospital 带某人去医院 34. expect sb to do sth 期待某人做某事 35. wait for 等待 36. to one’ s surprise 使.......惊讶 37. thanks to 多亏了 ;由于 38. in time 及时 39. think about 考虑;思考 40. save a life 挽救生命 41. get into trouble 造成麻烦;陷入麻烦 42. right away 立刻;马上 43. because of 由于 44. get out of 离开;从……出来 45. hurt oneself 受伤 46.fall down 摔倒 47.get some rest 休息 48. put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎 49. feel sick 生病;不舒服 50. have a nosebleed 流鼻血 51. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖 52. put her head down 把她的头低着 53. get hit on the head 头部受撞击 54. get hit by a ball 被球撞击 55. get sunburned 被嗮伤 56. have problems breathing 呼吸困难 57. be interested in 对??感兴趣 58. go mountain climbing 爬山 58. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事 59. lose one’s life 失去某人的生命 60. run out (of) 用完;用尽 61. cut off 切除 62. so that 以便 63. so. . . that 如此… …以至于… 64. be in control of 掌管;管理 65. in a difficult situation 在困境中 66. lose too much 失太多血 67. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事 68. make a decision 做出决定 69. take risks/ take a risk 冒险 70. give up 放弃 71. mean doing sth 意味着
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72. mean to do sth 打算做某事 73. mind doing sth 介意做某事 74 Between and a Rock and a Hard Place 生死两难

75. the same as 和??一样 76. agree to do sth 同意做某事 77. use sth to do sth. 用某物做某事 78. seem to do 好象做某事

二、重点句型 1. What’ s the matter? 你怎么了? What’ s the matter with you? = What’s the trouble with you? = What’ s wrong with you? 2. What should she do? 她该怎么办呢? Should I take my temperature? 我应该量一下体温吗? 主语+ should/shouldn’t + 动词原形. .. ①You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下休息一会儿。 ② You shouldn’ t go out at night. 你晚上不应该出去。 3. You need to take breaks away from the computer. 你应该远离电脑休息一下。 4. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving. 我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。 5. Did you hurt yourself playing soccer? 你踢球时伤到了自己吗? 6. Bus No.26 was going along Zhonghua Road when the driver saw an old man lying on the side of the road. 26路公交车正沿着中华路行驶,这时司机看见路边躺着一位老人。 7. Thanks to Mr. Wang and the passengers, the doctors saved the man in time. 多亏了王先生和乘客,医生们才能及时救治了这个人。 8. This means being in a difficult situation that you cannot seem to get out of 它的意思是“处于一个你似乎无法摆脱的困境中”。 9. As a mountain climber, he is used to taking risks. 作为一名登山者,他习惯于冒险。 10.Do we have the same spirit as Aron? 我们有阿伦的精神吗?

Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks. A
一、重点短语 1. clean up 打扫(或清除)干净 2. cheer up (使)变得更高兴;振奋 3. give out 分发;散发 4.volunteer to do sth.自愿做某事 5. come up with 想出;提出 6.Clean-Up Day 清洁日 7. an old people’s home 养老院 8. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难
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9. used to do sth 过去/曾经做过某事 10. care for 关心;照顾 11. the look of joy 快乐的表情 12. at the age of 在......岁时 13. make a plan 制订计划 14. make some notices 做些公告牌 15. try out 试用;试行 16. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力

17. put up 建造;举起;张贴 18. hand out 分发;散发;发给 19. call up 打电话;召集 20. put off 推迟;延迟 21. for example 比如;例如 22. raise money 筹钱;募捐 23. take after 与......相像;像 24. give away 赠送;捐赠 25. fix up 修理;修补;解决 26. be similar to 与……相似 27. set up 建立;设立 28. disabled people 残疾人 29. make a difference to 对??产生影响 30. be able to do sth 能够做某事 31. after-school reading program 课外阅 读项目 32.get such a strong feeling of satisfaction 得到如此强烈的满足感 33. come true 实现

34. make it possible for sb to do sth 使某 人做某事成为可能性 35. help sb out 帮助某人摆脱困境 36. be excited about 对??感到激动 37. change my life 改变某人的生活 38. be strong in 在??方面强;擅长 于?? 39. be free to do sth 有空做某事 40. work out fine 奏效 41. give orders 发出指令 42. at the same time 同时 43. go on a journey 去旅行 44. at once 立刻; 马上 45. ask sb (no)t to do sth 要求某人(不 要)做某事 46. give up some time to do sth 放弃时间 去做某事 47. decide to do sth 决定做某事 48. help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

二、重点句型 1. The boy could give out food at the food bank.这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。 2. We need to come up with a plan for the City Park Clean-Up Day.我们需要为清洁日打扫 城市公园想出一个计划。 3. They told me stories about the past and how things used to be. 他们给我讲过去的故事,讲过去是什么样子的。 4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteer after-school reading program. 去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。 5. You can see in their eyes that they’ re going on a different journey with each new book. 从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每本不同的新书之旅。 6. Volunteering here is a dream come true me for me .这儿的志愿者工作使我梦想成真。 7. I want to put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. 我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。 8. Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs to make lots of money. 在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。 9. You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky. 在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?
一、 重点短语
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1. take out the rubbish 倒垃圾 2. do the dishes=wash the dishes 洗餐具 3.fold your/the clothes 叠衣服 4. make your/the bed 整理床铺 5. clean the living room 打扫客厅 6. sweep the floor 扫地 7. no problem 没问题 8. go out for dinner 出去吃饭 9. go to the movies 去看电影 10. stay out late 在外面待到很晚 11. get a ride 搭便车 12. need to do sth 需要做某事 13. work on 从事;致力于?? 14. finish doing sth. 完成做某事 15. be enough for sb 对某人来说是足够的 16. clean and tidy 干净整洁 17. want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事 18. be back/come back回来 19. any minute now 随时,马上 20. be angry with sb 生某人的气 21. solve the problem 解决问题 22. welcome sb. 欢迎某人 23. come home fro m school/ work放学/下 班回家 24. throw down 扔下 25. sit down 坐下 26. come over 过来 27. take sb. for a walk 带某人去散步 28. take the dog for a walk 遛狗 29. all the time 一直;总是 30. all day/evening 整曰/夜 31. do housework 做家务 32. shout back 大声回应 33. walk away 走开

34. share the housework 分担家务 35. a comfortable home 一个舒适的家 36. in surprise 惊讶地 37. get something to drink 拿点喝的东西 38. watch one show 观看一个节目 39. hang out 闲逛 41. pass sb. sth.=pass sth to sb把某物传给某人 42. lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人 43. get sth. wet 使某物弄湿 44. hate to do/doing sth. 讨厌做某事 45. do chores 做杂务 46. help sb. (to ) do /with sth 帮助某人干某事 47. bring a tent带顶帐篷来 48. buy some snacks买些小吃 49. go to the store去商店 50. invite sb. to a party邀请某人参加聚会 51. make sb do sth. 使某人做某事 52. enough stress足够的压力 53. a waste of time浪费时间 54. in order to为了 55. get good grades取得好成绩 56. mind doing sth. 介意做某事 57. depend on依赖;依靠 58. develop children ’ s independence发展孩子 的独立性 59. look after/take care of 照顾;照看 60. do one’ s part in (doing ) sth.做某人分内 的事 61. as a result 结果 62. provide sb with sth= provide sth for sb为某 人提供某物 63. fall ill 生病 64. spend time on 花时间在??方面

二、重点句型 1. Could you please…..do sth. ? Could you please clean your room? 你能整理一下你的房间吗? 2. Could I+ do sth. ? Could I use your computer? 我可以用一下你的电脑吗?
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3. She won’ t be happy if she sees this mess.如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。 4. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the T V . = The minute I sat down in front of the TV, my mom came over. 我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了 5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I.=Neither of us did any housework for a week. 整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。 6. They should spend their time on schoolwork in order to get good grades and get into a good university.他们应当花时间在功课上,以取得好成绩,考上一所好大学。 7. Also, when they get older, they will have to do housework so there is no need for them to do it now. 而且,他们长大后必须面对家务,所以对他们来说,现在没有必要做家务。 8. It is the parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children.在家为自已的孩子提供 一个干净、舒适的环境是父母的职责。 9. And anyway, I think doing chores is not so difficult. 反正,我想干点家务琐事也没多难。 10 I think it is important for children to learn how to do chores and help their parents with housework. 我认为对孩子来说学着干些家务琐事以及帮助父母料理家务是十分重要的。 11. It is not enough to just get good grades at school. 在学校光成绩是不够的。 12.Children these days depend on their parents too much. 现在的孩子过于依赖父母。 13. Doing chores helps to develop children’s independence and teaches them how to look after themselves. 干些家务琐事可以帮助发展孩子们的独立性,教会他们如何照顾自已。 14. Since they live in one house with their parents, they should know that everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy. 既然他们与父母同住一个屋檐下,他们应该知道 每个人都应当参与家务来保持家里干净、整洁。 15. Our neighbor’s son got into a good college but during his first year, he had no idea how to take care of himself. As a result, he often fell ill and his grades dropped. 我们邻居的儿子上了一所好大学, 但在他入学的第一年, 他却不知如何照顾自已。 结果, 他经常生病,成绩下滑。 16. The earlier kids learn to be independent, the better it is for their future. 孩子越早学会独立,对他们的未来就越好。

Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?
一、重点短语 1. allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事 2. get enough sleep有足够的睡眠 3. study too much学得太多 4. too many太多(修饰可数名词复数) 5.have free time to do sth有空闲时间去做某事 6. hang out with sb. 与某人闲逛 7. after-school classes课外活动课 8. get into a fight with sb. = have a fight with sb 与某人吵架/打架 9. until midnight 直到半夜 10. talk to/with sb. 与某人交谈 11. talk about sth 谈论某事 12. go to sleep/ go to the bed 去睡觉 13. write sb. a letter=write a letter to sb 给某人写信 14. call sb. up打电话给某人
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15. surprise sb. 令某人惊讶 16. on the phone 在电话中 17. say sorry to sb 对某人说对不起 18. find sb doing sth 发现某人正在做某事 19 .look through 翻看; 浏览 20. give?back to=return ?to 归还给 21. be angry with sb. 生某人的气 22. a big deal重要的事 23. thanks for your advice=thank you for your advice 谢谢你的建议 24. work out 成功地发展;解决 25. get on/along (well) with 和睦相处; 关系良好 26. fight a lot 经常吵架/打架 27. hang over 笼罩 28. argue with sb. 同某人吵架 argue about sth 关于某事争吵 29. be nice to sb=be friendly to sb.对某人友好 30. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 31. feel lonely 感到孤独 32. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 33. offer sb sth=offer sth to sb.提供某人某物 34. sit down 坐下 35. communciate with sb 和某人交流 36 explain sth to sb 向某人解释某事 37. mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事 38. all the time 一直 39. so that 以便于 40. be worried about sth. 担心 41.copy one’ s homework抄袭某人的作业 42. study for a test 为考试而学习 43 make sb. angry使某人生气 44. return sb sth=return sth to sb 把某物还给某人 45. return to sw 返回到某地

46. leave sth +地点 把某物忘在某地 47. be afraid of +n./doing sth 害怕?? 48. not?anymore 不再 49. spend time alone 独自消磨时光 50. give sb a lot of pressure 给某人很多压力 51. compete with sb. 与某人竞争 52. compete for sth 为??而竞争 53. compete in sth 在??方面竞争 54 help each other 互相帮助 55. have after-school lessons 上课外补习班 56. use the Internet 使用互联网 57. play sports 做运动 58. watch movies 看电影 59. learn exam skills 学习应试技巧 60. get into a good high school 上好的高中 61. the +姓氏+s 表示某某一家人 62. practice sports体育训练 63. cut out删除 64. have a quick dinner=have dinner quickly 快 速吃饭 65. it’s time for (doing) sth 是做某事的时间了 66. continue to do/doing sth 继续做某事 67. compare?with 把??相比 68. push sb so hard 把某人逼得太紧 69. be good for 对??有好处 70. cause a lot of stress造成很多压力 71. be oneself 做自己 72. family members 家庭成员 73. in one’ s opinion提出某人的观点 74. be good at 擅长于?? 75 free time activities 业余活动 76. get better grades取得更好的成绩 77. a few more days 多几天 78. turn down 调小

二、重点句型 1. I studied until mid night last night so I didn’t get enough sleep. 我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。 2. My parents don’t allow me to hang out with my friends.
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我的父母不允许我和朋友出去闲逛。 3. I found my sister looking through my things yesterday.昨天我发现我的妹妹翻我的东西。 4. Although she ’ s wrong , i t ' s not a big deal. 虽然她错了,但这并不是什么大事儿。 5. Hope things work out. 希望一切都好。 6. My problem is that I can’t get on with my family.我的问题是我无法和我的家人和睦相处。 7. Secondly, Why don’t you sit down and communicate with your brother? 其次,你为什么不能坐下来和你的哥哥好好沟通呢? 8They have a quick dinner,and then it’s time for homework. 他们快速吃完饭,然后就是做作业的时间了。 9. I guess I could, but I don’t want to surprise him. 我想我可以.但我不想让他感到惊讶。 10. And they are always comparing them with other children. 她们总是拿自已的孩子去和别 人家的孩子相比。 11. Doctors say too much pressure is not good for a child’s development.医生说太多的压力对 孩子的发展不利。 12. Although it’s normal to want successful children, it’s even more important to have happy children.尽管想要孩子成功的正常的(愿望),但更重要的是要孩子快乐。

Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?
一、重点短语 1. at the time of 当.......时候 2. in the library 在图书馆 3. on the street 在大街上 4. in my house 在我家里 5. at the bus stop 在公交车站 6. wait for the bus 等公交车 7. walk home 走路回家 8. look for 寻找 9. go off (闹钟)发出响声 10.wake up 醒来 11. take a hot shower 洗热水澡 12. begin to do/doing sth 开始做某事 13. miss the bus 错过公汽 14. pick up 接电话;捡起;接某人 15. feel like 感觉象;想要做某事(+doing) 16. a heavy ranistrom 一场大的暴风雨 17. in the area 在这个地区 18. make sure 确信;确认 19. make dinner 做饭
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20. beat against... 拍打 21. have fun 玩得开心 22. at first 首先;最初 23. fall asleep 进人梦乡;睡着 24. die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐消失 25. in a mess 一团糟 26. break.. . apart 使……分离 27. bring... together 使……靠拢 28. help each other互 相帮助 29. in times of difficulty 在困难的时候 30. a car accident一场车祸 31. right away=at once 立刻;马上 32. have a look (at?) 看?? 33. last Sunday morning 上个星期日早上 35. miss the event 错过这个事件 36. by the side of the road 在路边 37. walk by 走路经过 38. the Animal Helpline 动物保护热线 39. make one’s way to. 在去……的路上

40. hear the news 听到这个消息 41. important events in history 历史上的重 大事件 42. for example 例如 43. be killed 被杀害 44.over 50=more than 50 5 0多(岁) 45. a school pupil 一个小学生 46. on the radio 通过广播 47. in silence 沉默;无声 48. more recently 最近地;新近 49. the World Trade Center 世贸中心 50. take down 拆除;摧毁

51. have meaning to 对……有意义 52. remember doing sth.记得做过某事 53.remember to do sth记得要做某事 54. look out of the window 向窗户外看 55. realize sth 明白,意识到某事;实现 56. be shocked to do sth 很震惊做某事 57. the rest of 余下的;剩余的 58. tell the truth 说实话 59. have trouble (in) doing sth做某事有困难 60. as well 也

二、重点句型rankymana 1. — What were you doing at eight last night? 昨晚 8 点你在干什么? — I was taking a shower.我在洗淋浴。 2. . — What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping?琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在干什 么?—While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helping Mary with her homework 琳达在睡觉的时候,珍妮正在帮玛丽做作业。 3. With no light outside, it felt like midnight. 外面没有灯,感觉象午夜。 4. Ben was helping his mom make dinner when the rain began to beat heavily against the windows.本正帮着妈妈做晚饭时,外面的雨开始重重地敲打着 窗户。 5. Although the storm broke many things apart, it brought families and neighbors closer together.虽然暴风雨把很多东西破坏了,但是它把家人和邻居们的距离拉得更近了。 6. Even the date-September 11,2002-has meaning to most Americans.甚至这个日子-2001年9 月11日,对大部分的美国人有意义。 7. I had trouble thinking clearly after that because I was very afraid. 因为我很害怕,在那以 后我在清楚地思考方面遇到了问题。

Unit 6 An old man tried to move the mountains
一、 重点短语 1. try to do sth. 试图做某事 2. work on doing sth. 致力于做某事 3. as soon as ...... 一……就….... 4. be weak in 在??方面差 5. finish doing sth 完成做某事 6. continue to do/doing sth. 继续做某事 7. be moved by 被??感动 8. send sb. to sw. 派某人去某地 9. take away 把??拿走;带走
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10. remind sb of sth 使某人想起某事 11. remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事 12. make sth. happen 使某事发生 13.think about 考虑;思考;认为 14. find a good way to do sth 找到做某事 的好的方法 15.solve problems 解决问题 16. a little b it 有点儿

17. seem very possible 似乎很可能 18.work hard 努力 19 keep doing sth 坚持做某事 20. give up 放弃 21. agree with sb 同意某人 22. instead of 代替;反而 23. build a road修路 24. have different opinions about 关于??有不同的观点 25. neither of两者都不 26. be able to 能;会 27. for the first time 第一次 28. be new to sb 对某人来说是新的 29. the main character 主要人物;主人公 30. in fact 事实上;实际上 31. look like 看起来像 32. make 72 changes 72变 33. turn .. . into 变成 34. so ?that?如此… …以至于… 35 at other times 在另外一些时候 36. come out (书、电影等)出版 37. become interested in. 对……感兴趣 38. the weak 弱小者 39. give up 放弃 40. Journey to the West 西游记 41. one of+复数名词 ??之一 42. once upon a time 从前 43. make sth for sb=make sb sth 为某人 制作某物 44. fall in love (with sb/sth)爱上 45. fit sb 适合于某人

48. can’t help/stop doing sth 情不自禁做 某事 49. think of ways 想出方法 50. all over the world 全世界 51. sound stupid 听起来愚蠢 52. cheat sb 欺骗某人 53. leave sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事 54. the whole family=all the family全家人 55. make a plan to do sth.=plan to do sth 筹划/计划做某事 56. hear sb doing sth 听见某人正在做某 事 57.go outside/out 外出 58. in the moonlight 在月光下 59. go to sleep/go to bed 去睡觉 60. get up 起床 61. along the way 沿途 62. get/be lost 迷路 63. wake up 醒来 64. pieces of bread 面包片 65. find one’ s way home 找到某人回家的 路 66. lead sb. to sw. 把某人领到某地 67. made of 由??制成(看得出原材料) 68. learn about 知悉;了解 69. change one’s plan 改变计划 70. put on 穿上 71. walk to the other side 走到另一边去 72. the rest of the story 故事的其余部分 73. the next day 第二天

46. get married 结婚 47. marry sb 与某人结婚;嫁给某人 二、重点句型 1. W hat do you think about/of.. . ?=How do you like??=How do you feel?? So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong?你觉得愚公的故事怎么样? 2. It doesn’ t seem+ adj+ to do sth ? I t doesn’ t seem very possible to move -a mountain.把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。 3. This is because... This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different
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animals and objects.这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变 成不同的动物或东西。 4. … so… that+结果从句 Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear. 有时候,他能够让他的金箍棒变得很小,以至于可以放在耳朵里。 5. It take sb. some time to do sth .. Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side. 这些(山)太高了,他们要花好长时间才能翻越过去。 6 .… not.. .. until十j时间从句 Don’ t eat it until you get to the forest. 你们到达森林之后才能吃。 7. as soon as +时间状语从句 As soon as the man finished talking , Yu Gong said that his family could continue to move the mountains after he died. 8. unless+条件状语从句 He cannot turn himself into a man unless he can hide his tail. 9. This story reminds us that you can never know what’s impossible unless you try to make it happen. 这个故事提醒我们,你永远不能知道什么是可能的,除非你努力让它发生。 10. But the story is trying to show us that anything is possible if you work hard! 但这个故事 试图告诉我们,如果你努力,一切皆有可能。

Unit 7 W hat’s the highest mountain in the world?
一、重点短语 1. in size 在面积上;在尺寸上 2. any other mountain 其他任何一座山 3. in the world 在世界上 4. of all the salt lakes 在所有的咸水湖中 5. the highest mountain 最高的山脉 6. have the biggest population 有最多人口 7. a lot/much bigger 大得多 8. one of the oldest countries 最古老的国 家之一 9. feel free to do sth. 随意地做某事 10. the most popular 最受欢迎的问题 11. talk about 谈论 12. ancient emperors 古代帝王 13. the main reason 主要原因 15. protect?from 保护??免受伤害 16. as far as I know 据我所知 17. man-made objects 人造物体 18. part of... ...... 的组成部分 19. the most famous part 最著名的部分 20. the most dangerous mountains 最危险 的山峰 21. mountain climbing 登山(名词) 22. one of the most popular places 最受欢 迎的地方之一 23. run along 跨越;横亘于 24. the southwestern part of China 中国西 南部 25. of all the mountains 在所有山脉中
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26.

freezing weather conditions ?冰冻的 天气条件

44. walk into sb. 撞到某人 45. fall over 摔倒 46. take care of 照顾;照料 47. be special to sb. 对某人来说是特殊的 48. people around the world 全世界的人 们 49. a symbol of ??的象征 50. or so 大约(用于数字后边) 51. every two years ?每两年 52. die from 死于??(外因) 53. 10 kilos of bamboo 十公斤竹子 54 cut down the forests 砍伐林木 55. cause ore problems 造成更多问题 56. endangered animals 濒危动物 57. fewer and fewer pandas 大熊猫越来越 少 58. be in danger 处于危险之中 59. the importance of saving these animals 拯救这些动物的重要性 60. do research做研究

27. take in air 呼吸空气 28. the first people to do sth. 第一个做某 事的人 29. reach the top 到达顶峰 30.succeed in doing sth 成功做某事 31. risk one’s life 冒某人的生命危险 32.change sb. 挑战某人 33. in the face of difficulties 面临危险 34. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 35. achieve one’ s dream 实现某人的梦想 36. the forces of nature 自然界的力量 37. even though 虽然;尽管 38. weigh 5000 kiols 重5000公斤 39. at birth 在出生的时候 40. up to 到达(数量、程度) 41. prepare for 为??做准备 42. be awake 醒着 43. run over with excitement 兴奋地跑过 去

二、重点句型 1. How high/ deep/. . . is ... ? eg: How high is Qomolangma?珠穆朗玛峰有多高? 2. A+谓语动词+比较级+than any other +单数名词+范围 eg: Qomolangma is higher than any other mountain in the world. 3. It is -\~adj. + (for sb. ) to do sth. eg: It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top. 当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。 4. . . . is because... eg: One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties.其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。 5. . . . show(s) that... eg: The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams.这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应该放弃实现自己的梦想。 6. 倍数表达法: A+谓语动词+倍数+比较级+than+B eg: This elephant weighs many times more than this panda. 7. Although.…, 主句 eg: Although Japan is older than Canada,it is much smaller. 虽然日本比加拿大有更悠久的历史,但是日本比加拿大小多了。
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8. sb. spend time/money doing sth. eg: Adult pandas spend more than 12 hours a day eating about 10 kilos of bamboo. 成年大熊猫一天要花1 2个多小时的时间吃大约10公斤的竹子。

Unit 8 Have you read Treasure Island yet?
一、重点短语 1. an island fu ll of treasures 一个满是宝藏的岛屿 2. go out to sea 出海 28. teach sb sth 教某人某事 3. write about 写关于……的内容 29. use... to do sth. 用……来做某事 4. finish doing sth. 做完某事 30. leave behind 遗留;忘带 5. grow up 长大;成长 6. put sth down 把??放下 7. on page 25 在第2 5 页 8. at least 至少 9. the back of the book 书的背面 10. hurry up 赶快;匆忙 11. be due 预定;预期 12. in two weeks 两周以后 13. arrive on this island 到达这个岛屿 14. bring back 带回 15. give up 放弃 16. wait for another ship 等待另一艘船 到来 17. cut down trees 砍到树木 18. learn to do sth. 学会做某事 19. a few weeks ago 几个星期前 20. the marks of another man’ s feet 另一个人的脚印 21. not long after that 不久之后 22. see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事 23. see sb. do sth. 看到某人做了某事 24. one?the other 一个??另外一个 25. run towards sp. 跑向某地 26. name sb+名字 给某人取名?? 27. live with sb 和某人住在一起 二、重点句型 1. Have you….. yet?
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31. think about 考虑; 思考 32. can’ t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事 33. a bit boring 有点无趣 34. must be+adj/n. 一定是?? 35. a good way to wake up 醒来的一个 好办法 36. used to do sth. (过去)常常做某事 37. fight over/ about 因??而争吵 38. study abroad 在国外学习 39. on the radio 在收音机里 40. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 41. come to realize 开始意识到 42. ever since then 自从那时起 43. belong to 属于 44. be kind to each other 善待彼此 45. trust one another 互相信任 46. do some research on 对??做研究 47. the beauty of nature 大自然的美 48. the number of ??的数量 49. introduce?to 把??介绍给 50. the first line in the song 歌曲的第一行 51. enjoy success in享受……的成功 52. look good on 穿起来好看 53. at the end of the day傍晚的时候

— Have you read Little Women yet? 你读过《小妇人》吗? — Yes,I have. /N o , I haven’ t.是的,我读过。/ 不,我没有。 2. Has... yet? — Has T in a read Treasure Island yet? 蒂娜读过《金银岛》这本书吗? — Yes, she has. She thinks i t ’ s fantastic.是的,她读过。她觉得它很棒。 3. Would you like ... ? Would you like something to drink? 你要来点喝的吗? 4. I heard... I heard you lost your key. 我听说你丢钥匙了。 5. . . . came to realize how much... She came to realize how much she actually missed all of them. 她开始意识到,事实上她是多么想念他们所有的人。 6. It was really good, so I couldn’t put it down.它真的很好,所以我对它爱不释手。 7. Every time she is in the library, Sally looks at the many books she has not read yet and she can’t wait to read them. 每次在图书馆,Sally 看着许多还未曾读过的书,就迫 不及待地想读它们! 8. It’s minds us that the best things in life are free----laughter, friends, and the beauty of nature and the countryside. 它提醒我们,生活中最美好的东西都是无偿的——欢 笑、朋友、家族、自然和乡村之美。 Unit 9 Have you ever been to a museum? 一、重点短语 1. space museum 太空博物馆 2.history museum 历史博物馆 3. art museum 艺术博物馆 4. water park 水上乐园 5. amusement park 游乐园 6.science museum 科学博物馆 7. go somewhere different 去不同的地方 8. have been to sp. 曾经去过某地 9. have a great time 玩得开心 10. go skating 去滑冰 11. take the subway 坐地铁 12. a great way to spend a Saturday afternoon 一个过周六下午的好方法 13. all the old movie cameras 所有的古老的 电影摄影机 14. learn about sth.了解有关??的情况
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15. lead to 导致 16. camp in the mountain 在大山里露营 17. put up a tent 搭帐篷 18. the most interesting museum 最有趣的博物馆 19. have information about 有关于?? 的信息 20. make great/ good progress in 在?? 取得大的进步 21. in such a rapid way 以如此迅猛的方式 22. International Museum of Toilets 国际厕 所博物馆 23. different kinds of 各种各样的 24. the history and development of toilets 厕 所的发展史 25. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某

事 26. social groups 社会团体 27. think about ways to do sth 想出做某事 的办法 28. the tea art performances 茶艺表演 29. make a perfect cup of tea with beautiful tea sets 用漂亮的茶具沏一杯完美的茶 34. hear of 听说 35 take a ride 兜风 36. another province 另一个省 37. thousands of 数以千计的 38. take a holiday 度假 39. on the one hand... on the other hand 一方面??另一方面 40. three quarters 四分之三 41. an English-speaking country 一个讲语英语的国家 42. a good place to practice your English 一个练习你的英语的好地方 43. outside of China 中国以外的的地方 44. be able to do sth 能够做某事 45. have problems doing sth.做某事有困难 46. whether ?or? 不管;无论如何 47. It seems strange to do sth. 做某事似乎 是奇怪的 48. wake up 唤醒 49. the best time to do sth. 45. 做某事的最好的时间 50. in a more natural environment 在一个更加自然的环境中 二、重点句型 1. Have you ever been to... ? Have you ever been to a science museum? 你曾经去过科学博物馆吗? 2. Let’s+动词原形 Let’s go somewhere different today. 我们今天去个不同的地方吧。
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30. collect tea sets 收集茶具 31. a nice place to enjoy tea 一个品茶的好地方 32. a couple of times 几次 33. an amusement park with a special theme 一个有特别的主题的游乐园 33. walk around the park 在公园里到处走 51.almost the same 几乎相同 52.all year round 一年到头;终年 53. be close to 接近;靠近 54. choose to do sth. 选择做某事 55. be far from 离……远 56. at night 在夜晚 57. in the dark 在黑暗中 58. in the past 在过去 59. on the weekend 在周末 60. the Terracotta Army 兵马俑 61. Southeast Asia 东南亚 62. Night Safari 夜间动物园 63. during the daytime 在白天 64. right now 现在;目前 65. the Bird’s Nest 鸟巢

3. It’s+adj. +that... It’ s unbelievable that technology has progressed in such a rapid way! 科技以如此迅猛的方式发展真是令人难以置信啊! 4. Whether... , you,11... Whether you like Indian food, Western food or Japanese food, you’ll find it all in Singapore! 不管你喜欢印度食品、西方食品还是日本食品,在新加坡你都能找到! 5. One great thing. . is that. . One great thing about Singapore is that the temperature is almost the same all year round. 新加坡一个很大的特征是它的气温几乎一年到头都是一样的。 6. It’s really interesting, isn’t it? 它确实很有趣,是不是? 7. It’s a great way to spend a Saturday afternoon. 这是一个度过周六下午的好办法。

Unit 10 I ’ve had this bike for three years.
一、重点短语 1. have a yard sale 进行庭院拍卖会 2. bring back sweet memories 勾起甜美 的回忆 3. give sth away to sb. 把某物捐给某人 4. people in need 有需要的人们;有困难 的人们 5. not.. anymore 不再…… 6. no longer 不再;不复 7. fit sb. 适合某人 8. welcome to sw 欢迎来到 … 9. a couple of 两个;一对;几个 10. check out 察看;观察 11. board games 棋类游戏 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. one last thing 最后一样东西 grow up 成长;长大 junior high school 初级中学 clear out 清理 one’s old things 某人的旧东西 own sth. 拥有某物 toy monkey 玩具猴 part with 与……分开
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20. as for 至于;关于 21. to be honest 说实在的 22. play for a while 玩一会儿 23. do with 处理;处置(what) 24. at least 20 years 至少 20 年 25. some?others? 一些??另外一些 26. once or twice years= one or two times a year 一年一两次 27. search for work 找工作 28. a 46-year-old husband and father 一个 46 岁大的丈夫和父亲 29. for the last 13 years 在过去的 13 年 里 30. regard with great interest 以极大的 兴趣关注着 31. regard?as?? 把??视为 32. learn to do sth 学着做某事 33. the mid-20th century 20 世纪中期 34. stay the same 保持原状 35. according to 依据;按照 36. be opposite to=be across from

在??对面

43. these days 目前;现在

37. a symbol of 是??的象征 44. in order to 为了 38. most of the children 大部分的孩子 45. so far 迄今;到现在为止 39. in my time 在我那个年代 46. ride a bike 骑自行车 40. such a happy childhood 如此快乐 47. hold all one’s childhood memories 的童年 拥有某人童年所有的回忆 41. consider doing sth 考虑做某事 48. be special to sb. 对某人来说是特殊 42. in one’s opinion 依……看 的 二、重点句型 1. How long have you... ? How long have you had that bike over there? 那边的那辆自行车你买了多久了? 2. sb. has/have done sth. for... Amy has had her favorite book for three years. 艾米拥有她最喜欢的书 3 年了。 3. sb. has/have done sth. since... He’s owned it since his fourth birthday. 自他 4 岁生日起,他拥有这个东西了。 4. Some… Others... Some people still live in their hometown. However, others may only see it once or twice a year. 有些人仍然住在家乡。然而,另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。 5. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things? 你是否曾经想过要举办一个庭院拍卖会来出售东西? 6. Our hometown has left many soft and sweet memories in our hearts. 我们的家乡在我们心 中留下了许多温柔甜蜜的回忆。 7. But he also thinks some things will never change, and his hometown is still the place that holds all his childhood memories. 但是他的家乡仍然是那个拥有他所有的童年记忆的 地方。

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