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人教版高一英语必修1 UNIT1 Friendship 课堂笔记知识点


重庆市潼南第一中学校 2015 级 26 班陈浩

相信我,选择我!

人教版高一英语必修 1 UNIT1 Friendship 课堂笔记知识点
一、 单词、词组讲解: 1. go through 经历、遭受;做完、干完; 仔细检查;穿过、通过 eg: The old man went through a lot of suffe

ring during the war. 这位老人在战争中经历了许多苦难。 eg: The doctor will go through the operation soon. 那位医生很快就会做完手术了。 eg: I went through the students? papers last night. 2. set down 记下;放下;登记 我把那时发生的一切都记录下来。 工人们小心地把箱子放在地上。 eg:I set down everything that happened then. eg:Please set me down at the next corner. 3. series (单复同形) “连续,系列” a series of good harvests/ questions… 昨晚我仔细阅读了学生们的论文。

eg:The workers set down the box carefully on the floor.

请在下个拐角处让我下车。

注意:down/up 是副词,如果代词作宾语,则要放在 up 或 down 之前。 eg:There is a television series on this channel every night. 电视连续剧 与此相关的短语;a series of + n (pl) eg:There has been a series of car accidents at the crossing. 4. be crazy about 对……着迷,热衷于…… eg:He is crazy about computer games. eg:My dad is crazy about watching TV after work. 5. There was a time when…曾经有一段时间…… eg: There was a time when I wanted to give up learning English.

There was a time when girls couldn?t go to school.
6. stay (link v) + adj/ n 保持某种状态 eg: 1) I stayed awake through the stormy night. 2) He stayed single all his life. 他一辈子单身。 3) The weather stayed wet. 天气持续潮湿。 4) Stay seated! eg: 坐在那别动! 7. do sth on purpose 故意干…… I think she lost the key on purpose. do sth with/ for the purpose of… eg: He went to America for/with the purpose of finding a job. on purpose=by design 故意地 反义:by accident/ by chance(偶然地,意外地) 8. in order to = so as to eg:He went to town in order to sell the painting. He went to town so as to sell the painting. = He went to town in order that he could sell the painting. 注意: in order to 与 so as to 相同点:其后均加动词原形,引导目的状语,否定要在 to 前加 not. 即:in order not to /so as not to 不同点:in order to 引导的不定式短语可以放在句首,也可以置于句中;so as to 则只能位于 句中。

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重庆市潼南第一中学校 2015 级 26 班陈浩

相信我,选择我!

eg. In order to catch the train, she got up early today. 9.far too far 经常与 too 或形容词比较级连用. 意为“过于……,太……;……得多” eg:She has done far too little.她做得远远不够。 He always gives us far too much homework.他经常给我们布置很多作业。 That?s a far better idea. 那个主意好得多 She works far longer than I do.她工作的时间比我长得多。 10. much too + adj ./ adv. too much (+ un.) = more than enough ? ? ? ? The dress is much too long for me. There is very little room in the house because it has far too much furniture. It?s much too hot. I have too much homework to do, so I have no time to go there

11. happen

vi.

eg:What time did the accident happen? sb. happen to do sth. (似乎)碰巧 = it happens that… eg:I happened to see her on my way to work If you happen to find it, please let me know. sth. happen to sb. 某人遇到/发生了某事 eg:I hope nothing has happened to them. 我希望他们没出事。 12. hold/ have sb in one?s power 控制住/ 摆布某人 eg:The thundering clouds held me entirely in their power. 与其构成的相关短语: beyond one?s power 不能胜任 come into/ to power 掌权,上台 force/ energy/ power/ strength 的区别: force 强调武力、暴力 energy 强调精力、能量 power 强调权利 strength 强调体力 二、句型讲解: 1. She and her family hid away for nearly 25 months before they were discovered. before (conj.) (1). 强调主句动作发生在从句前,意为“不等……就……” eg. Before I could say a word, he had left. 我还没来得及说话,他就已经离开了。 (2). 在“It+be+时间段+before 从句”中,意为……之后才…… 在“It+be 否定+long+before 从句”中,意为……不久就…… eg. It will be five years before we can meet again. John thinks it won?t be long before he find a new job. (3). “趁着……”或“过了……才……” eg: I must write it down before I forget it. so crazy… 本句的?it?s…that…?为强调句型。 结构: 陈述式:It is/was+被强调部分+that+其他成分。 趁着我还没忘,我得把它记下来。 2. I wonder if it?s because I haven?t been able to be outdoors for so long that I?ve grown

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重庆市潼南第一中学校 2015 级 26 班陈浩

相信我,选择我!

eg: It was all the members that held a meeting in the club? 一般式:Is/Was+it+被强调部分+that+其他成分? eg: Was it yesterday that all the members held a meeting in theclub? 特殊式:特殊疑问词+is/was +it+that+其他成分? 3. eg:What is it Joe has found that in the washroom? ?not until?的强调句式为: It is/was+not until+短语/从句+that+其余部分。 eg: It was not until he was two years old that he was able to speak. 注意: 1)强调句中的 it 不能用其他词代替;is/was 表达的现在或过去时态要与原句时态一致, 即表达 过去或完成用?was?,表达现在或将来用“is”. 2)被强调部分可以是除谓语外的任何部分,当被强调部分为人时,可以用 who/that, 其他一律 用 that. 4. I met Mary in the street yesterday. 如果分别强调上句中的主语,宾语,地点和时间状语,则上面的句子可以依次转为: It was I that/who met Mary in the street yesterday. It was Mary that/who I met in the street yesterday. It was yesterday that I met Mary in the street . It was in the street that I met Mary yesterday. (强调主语) (强调宾语) (强调时间状语) (强调地点状语) 某人第一 /二次做

5.It?s the first/ second time that + sb.+ have/ has done sth.

eg:It was the first time in a year and a half that I?d seen the night face to face. 6.It?s no pleasure/ use/ good doing sth. 干某事没有乐趣/没有用/没有好处 eg: It?s no use just learning all day. 成天只读书没有用。 整个暑假独自呆在家不好玩。 eg:It?s no pleasure staying home the whole summer holiday

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