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2015年高三英语复习资料


易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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2015 年高三英语复习内部资料
第 一 讲 Part 1:高频词汇、短语及写作佳句
『高频词汇』
1. attitude 态度 2. cover 包含, 覆盖,涉及,包括; 负担,够付(费用) , 采访关于….的新闻;报道等 3. impress 使印

象深刻 4. avoid 避开 5. admit 承认, 接受(某人入学) ,准许加入(俱乐部;组织等)

『高频短语』
1. 换句换说 _______other words 2. 期待;渴望 look forward _________ 3. 取得进步 _________ progress

『写作佳句』
A.I am looking forward to receiving your reply. B. Thank you for your consideration. I wish to get your reply soon. C. Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to hearing from you.

1. The boy admitted _____ the window while playing football. A. having been broken A. for A. of getting A. impressed by B. with B. in getting B. impressed on B. to break C. in C. to get C. breaking D. to D. to getting D. expressed by D.get in a word D. to be breaking 2. The young man shows a very positive attitude______ his work. 3. They look forward ______ a chance to receive further education. 4. The audience were ____ the performance of Lang Lang, a famous young pianist. C. interesting in 5. I soon found that the work I was doing had been done by other people — ______,I was wasting my time. A.in a word B.in other words 6. – So you made it? -- Yes. It was so dark that we managed to avoid _____. A. seeing B. to see C. being seen D. to be seen 7. —Will $1,000_____the cost of the trip? —I‘m afraid not. Perhaps I need another $400. A.pay dictionary. A. made a great progress B. made great progress C. made great progresses D. made a great progresses B.charge C.cover D.Afford 8. The teacher was so pleased to learn that I had_____ in my study this term that she sent me an English-Chinese C.beyond words

Part 2:语法过关 主谓一致
1

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
『基本概念』

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在英语句子里,谓语受主语支配,其动词必须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,这就叫主谓一致。寻其 规律,大致可归纳为四个原则,即语法一致、逻辑意义一致、就近原则及就远原则。

『考点透析』
(一)语法一致原则:语法上一致就是谓语动词和主语在单、复数形式上保持一致。 1、以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式;主语为 复数时,谓语动词用复数形式。如 To study English well is not easy. Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes. 注意:由 what 引导的主语从句,后面的谓语动词多数情况用单数形式,但若表语是复数或 what 从句是一 个带有复数意义的并列结构时,主句的谓语动词用复数形式。如: What I bought were three English books. /What I say and do is (are) helpful to you. 注意: ① 若 and 所连接的两个词是指同一个人或物时,它后面的谓语动词就应用单数形式。如: The writer and artist has come. ② 由 and 连接的并列单数主语前如果分别有 no, each, every more than a (an) , many a (an) 修饰时,其谓语动 词要用单数形式。如: Every student and every teacher was in the room.. / No boy and no girl likes it. 4、 either, neither, each, every 或 no +单数名词和由 some, any, no, every 构成的复合不定代词, 都作单数看待。 如:Each of us has a new book. / Everything around us is matter. 注意:none of 后面的名词是不可数名词,它的谓语动词就要用单数;若它后面的名词是复数,它的谓语动 词用单数或复数都可以。如:None of us has (have) been to America. 5、在定语从句时,关系代词 that, who, which 等作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。如: He is one of my friends who are working hard. / He is the only one of my friends who is working hard. 6、 如果集体名词指的是整个集体, 它的谓语动词用单数; 如果它指集体的成员, 其谓语动词就用复数形式。 这些词有 family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience 等。如: Class Four is on the third floor. / Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor. 注意:people, police, cattle 等名词一般都用作复数。记忆方法:警民一家亲。如: The police are looking for the lost cattle for the people. 7、由―a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, the majority of + 名词‖构成的短语以及由―分数或百分数+名词‖构 成的短语作主语,其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词的数而定。如: There are a lot of people in the classroom. 50% of the students in our class are girls. 注意:1. a number of―许多‖,作定语修饰复数名词,谓语用复数;the number of―…的数量‖,主语是 number, 谓语用单数。 2. quantity 的用法 8、在倒装句中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。如: There comes the bus./ On the wall are many pictures. / Such is the result. / Such are the facts. (二)逻辑意义一致原则:逻辑意义一致就是谓语动词的数必须和主语的意义一致(因有时主语形式为单 数,但意义为复数;有时形式为复数,但意义为单数) 。 1、表示―时间、重量、长度、价值‖等的名词的复数作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式, 这是由于作主 语的名词在概念上是一个整体,如:Thirty minutes is enough for the work. 2、 表数量的短语―one and a half‖后接复数名词作主语时, 其谓语动词可用单数形式,口语中也可用复数。 如: 2 The rest of the lecture is wonderful. What he said is very important for us all.

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
One and a half apples is (are) left on the table.

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3、一些学科名词是以 –ics 结尾,如:mathematics, politics, physics 以及 news, works 等,都属于形式上是 复数的名词,实际意义为单数名词,它们作主语时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。如: The paper works was built in 1990. I think physics isn‘t easy to study. 4、trousers, glasses, clothes, shoes, 等词作主语时,谓语用复数,但如果这些名词前有 a (the) pair of 等量词 修饰时,谓语动词用单数。如: My glasses are broken. / The pair of shoes under the bed is his. 5、―定冠词 the + 形容词或分词‖,表示某一类人时,动词用复数。 (三)就近原则:在英语句子中,有时谓语动词的人称和数与最近的主语保持一致。 1、当两个主语由 either … or, neither … nor, whether … or …, not only … but also 连接时,谓语动词和邻近的 主语一致。如: Either the teacher or the students are our friends. / Neither they nor he is wholly right. 2、There be 与 Here be 句型 be 动词单复数取决于其后的主语。如果其后是由 and 连接的两个主语,则应与 靠近的那个主语保持一致。如:There are two chairs and a desk in the room. (四)就远原则 主语后跟有 with, together with, except, but, like, as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, besides, including 等引起的短语,谓语动词由主语决定,即就远原则。如: Mr Green, together with his wife and children, has come to China. Nobody but Jim and Mike was on the playground. She, like you and Tom, is very tall.

『独门秘笈』

主谓语一致记忆口诀
单单复复最常见,集体名词谓用单, 如若强调其成员,复数谓语记心间。 有些名词谓常复,people,police 即这般。 主语单数后接介,谓语单数介无关, many a 作主语也如此,谓语动词应用单。 or、nor、but also、there be,近主原则挂嘴边。 关系代词定主语,谓语根据先行词判。 不定式、动名词,主语从句谓全单。 时间、货币与距离,谓语多单复少见, rest,means,fol1owing 等,意义决定其复、单。 none,all,half of 等,of 之宾语定答案。 还有分数、百分数,仍据 of 之宾定复、单。 代词 all 指人谓复数,all 指事情谓用单。 量词用法请注意,谓语要随量词变。 and 连接两名词,身兼两职一定冠, no,each,every 后单名,两件(种)事(物)一概念, 以上情况请记清,谓语动词全用单。 形容词带 the 一类人,姓氏复数加定冠, -s 结尾的海峡、山脉与群岛,谓语用复勿用单。 代词 neither,either,each 等,用作主语谓全单。 下面分别举例子,对号入座请勿乱。

3

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义 『对号入座』
l. A horse is an animal. 2. Those books are mine. 3. Our family is a big one. 4. The family are watching TV now. 5.The police are on the track(追踪)of the criminal. 6. The father with his two sons has gone to Beijing. 7. Many a student has gone to the cinema. 8. Neither you nor I am a worker. 9. Not only you but also I am a worker. 10. He is the only one of the workers that has been invited. 11. He is one of the workers that have been invited. 12. Seeing is believing./To see is to believe. 13. What he says is not important. 14. Five hours is not long. 15. Two hundred yuan a month doesn't leave much for saving. 16. All these means are useful./Every means has been tried.

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17. The following are some examples./The following is taken from Book I. 18. All of them are working hard. 19. Half of the book is interesting./Half of the books are interesting. 20. None of his friends have (has) been to Shanghai. 21. Two-thirds of the people present are against the plan. 22. Three-fourths of the surface of the earth is sea. 23. All are here. /All goes well. 24. A pair of shoes is under the bed. 25. The Party secretary and headmaster is giving a lecture. 26. No teacher, and no student has gone there. 27. Each man and each woman is asked to help. 28. Bread and butter tastes good. 29. Going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit. 30. The poor need helping./ The wounded need to be taken good care of. 31. The Zhangs like playing basketball. 32.The Philipines (菲律宾群岛)lie to the southeast of China. 33.The Alps(阿尔皮斯山脉)are in Europe. 34.Each has his merits(优点). 35. Neither of them is going home.

A Piece of Cake
1. I, who____ your friend, will try my best to help you with your English. A.am 4 B.is C.are D.be

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
2. The rich ____ not always happy. A.are A.are A. are studying A.am A.are; are A.wish A.was A.is A. have been A. was punished A.is A. is an old man A.are A. are A. doesn‘t change A. are A. have A. have A.is; is A. is searching for A.is; it A.is 5 B.is B.am B. have studied B.is B.am; am B.wishes B.is B.are B.is to be B. punished B.was B. are both old men B.is B. was B.don't change B.have B.has B.has B.are; are C.has C.is C. studies C.are C.am; are C.is like C. would be C.has C.are to be C. were punished C.are

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D.have D.was D. study D.be D.is; is D.like D.are D.have D. has been D. being punished D.is being D. were two Chinese

3. Neither Tom nor Jack and I ____ his students. 4. Mary as well as her sisters ____ Chinese in China. 5. Neither my father nor I ____ at home. 6. Not only my brother but also I ____ good at painting. Both of us ____ good painters., 7. Every boy and every girl ____ to attend the evening party. 8. Over 80 percent of the population of China ____ peasants. 9. The population of China ____ larger than that of .any other country in the world. 10. Every means ____ tried but without any result. 11. Alice, together with two boys,____ for having broken the rule. 12. The League secretary and the monitor____ asked to attend the .meeting this afternoon. 13. The great writer and professor____. C. is an old man and a young man C.has C. is C.change C.has C. have been C.is C.are; is D.have D. be D.changed D.is D.has been D.are D.is; are C. are searching for D.is; them D.were D. were searching 14. There ____ a pen, two pencils and three books on the desk. 15. A large number of students in our class____ girls. 16. The number of deer, mountain lions and wild roses ____ much if people leave things as they are. 17. He is the only one of die students who ____ elected. 18. This is one of the most interesting questions that ____ asked. 19. Many a man ____ come to help us. 20."All____ present and all____ going on well," our monitor said. 21. The police ____ the murderer everywhere when he suddenly appeared in a theatre. B. were searching for B.are; it B.be C.are; them C.are 22. Your trousers____ dirty. You must have____ washed. 23. This pair of trousers ____ too long for him.

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
24. One and a half bananas ____ left on the table. A.is A.seems A. are listening to A.is B.are C.was B.are B.seem C.has C.seemed B. is listening to D.were C. are needed

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D.have D.seemes C.are listening D. is listening

25. Ten minutes____ an hour when one is waiting for a phone call. 26. The whole class ____ the teacher attentively. 27.1 have finished a large part of the book, the rest of which___ more difficult. 28. Large quantities of water ____ for irrigation. A. is needed A.is A. is B.are B. has -needed C.have B.are D.has C.has D.have D. need 29. What we need____ good textbooks. 30. More than one member ____ against the plan.

Come on!! Baby!
2010---2013 真题
33.(2010 湖南)Listening to loud music at rock concerts A. is A.wear A is ; are purposes. A. is B. are C. was D. were some of its store open 【2012 安徽】33. Walmart, which is one of the largest American supermarket chains, 24 hours on Mondays through Saturdays. A. keeps B. keep C. have kept D. had kept 【2012 陕西】12. The basketball coach, as well as his team, ______ interviewed shortly after the match for their outstanding performance. A. were health. A. show; are B. shows; are C. show; is D. shows; is 【2013 福建】23. The famous musician, as well as his students, _______ to perform at the opening ceremony of the 2012 Taipei Flower Expo. A. were invited B. was invited C. have been invited D. has been invited 【2013 湖南】33. The university estimates that living expenses for international students ________ around $8,450 a year, which ________ a burden for some of them. 6 B. was C. is D. are 【2012 湖南】35. All the scientific evidence____that increasing use of chemicals in farming____damaging our B.wears B. are C.has worn B is ; is C. has D.have worn C are ; are D are ; is caused hearing loss in some teenagers. D. have

9.(2010 全国Ⅱ )Barbara is easy to recognize as she‘s the only one of the women who________evening dress. 6. (2011· 湖南) 26.One third the country ____covered with trees and the majority of the citizens_____black people. 7.(2011· 安徽)27.The factory and 65 percent of the raw materials, the rest of which_____ saved for other

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
A. are;is development. A. is B. are C. was D. were B. are;are C. is;are

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D. is;is

【2013 江苏】21. Generally, students‘ inner motivation with high expectations from others____ essential to their

Part 3:活学活用---主谓一致单句改错专练
『常见错误类型』
1)动名词、不定式和主语从句作主语谓语动词常用单数。 To study English well is not easy. What he said is very important for us all. Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes. 2)主语带有介词短语谓语动词要和主语保持一致,和介词短语无关---就远原则 Nobody but Jim and Mike was on the playground. / She, like you and Tom, is very tall. 3)就近一致 Either the teacher or the students are our friends. / Neither they nor he is wholly right. 4)定语从句中的谓语动词的数要和先行词的数相匹配。 He is one of my friends who are working hard. / He is the only one of my friends who is working hard. 5)表示―时间、重量、长度、价值‖等的名词的复数作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数形式 Thirty minutes is enough for the work

『效果检验』
1. The majority of them are woman doctors. 2. The worker and writer are to attend the meeting. 3. All that can be done have been done. 4. No one but her parents knows the secret. 5. The number of the teachers to attend the meting are twenty. 6. The mother bird was taking foods to her baby birds. 7. The teacher with two students were in the room. 8. Many a man have tried it before. 9. The worker and writer are to attend the meeting. 10. All that can be done have been done.

第 二 讲 Part 1:高频词汇、短语及写作佳句
『高频词汇』
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. appreciate 感激 patient 耐心的 respect 尊重,尊敬 event 事件 distance 距离

7

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义 『高频短语』
1. …..有困难 have difficult with 2. 对某人要求严格 be strict ________ sb. 3. 起飞;脱下;成功 take ________

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『写作佳句』
A. I will be quite appreciative if I am offered the opportunity. B. If I could have the opportunity to get the job I will be quite appreciative. C. I‘d appreciate it very much if you would give me the opportunity.

1. -- Why didn‘t you go fishing with your friends yesterday? -- Well, fishing is a hobby which calls for a great deal of ______, which I don‘t have. A. strength B. patience C. wisdom D. money 2. – Can I give you a lift? -- Yes, I will ________ very much. A. thank you A.in the distance walk there. A. touch in the past. A. this; you to help A. respected hours. A. events A. take off B.incidents B. get off C.affairs C. turn off D.accidents D. come off 8. Francis said goodbye to his hometown for CBA and is ready to __ in a new world of basketball. B. that; you helping B. disliked C. it; you to help D. minded D. it; your helping 6. She was young and pretty, and loved children. My pupils, Donnie included, all ___ her very much. C. avoided 7. - Tickets for the most popular ______,such as 100m race and 4×100m relay race, were sold out in just a few B. distance C. speed D. reach 5. I‘d appreciate ____ if you could come and help me one more and I always appreciate ____ me with my English B. appreciate you B.in a distance C. appreciate it D. enjoy it 3. It is said that the mountain is more beautiful______. C.at the distance D.within a distance 4. You needn‘t go to the railway station by taxi because it is within walking ________. It only takes five minutes to

Part 2:语法过关 倒装句
『基本类别』----完全倒装与部分倒装

8

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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『考情分析』倒装句是中学英语语法重点,也是高考试题的热点。每年各省高考题题中
主要以单选,完形,改错等方式进行考察。尤其要注意的是,在高考书面表达中,倒装句的使用往往是阅 卷老师较为青睐的亮点句式,可以大大提高考生的书面表达成绩。

『考点透析』
倒装句用法较为复杂,为了便于同学们掌握记忆,我总结归纳了以下 “两个口诀” 。希望对同学们学习与 掌握这一知识有所帮助。 一、辨清结构----就是要分清是全部还是部分倒装。可记以下顺口溜: A. 完全倒装很好记,兄弟三人要聚齐, 时间位置 there 句,上下进出不分离, 动词多数表位移,状态、存在必记忆, 主语用名不用代,主谓颠倒就可以。 B. 部分倒装要记清。位置副词主人称, only,否定放句首,让步、虚拟有感情。 一:说明: A 完全倒装: ①时间、位置 如:now, then, here, there, out, in, up, down, away;in front of../ at the foot of the mountain…等) 开头的句型。 ②there 与 here 开头的固定倒装句型。如:There goes the bell. ③动词多数表位移,状态、存在必记忆, 如:go,come,run,walk,rush,fall 等位移动词;be,live,stand,lie 等表示存在的动词。 Out rushed the soldiers. From the window came the sound of music. ④“so(neither, nor)+助动词+主语”句型。 He has never been to New York, neither have I. B.部分倒装。 ⑤当表位置关系的副词开头的句子主语是人称代词时,用部分倒装。 Here you are. ⑥only 修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句用于句首时。 Only in this way can you learn from the mistakes. ⑦表示否定意义的副词和连词(如 no, not, never, little, hardly 等)用于句首时,用部分倒装结构。 Not a single mistake did he make. ⑧让步状语从句常用部分倒装。(难点) 如:Proud as these nobles are, they dare not see me. ⑨含有 were, had, should 的虚拟条件句,常用部分倒装而把 if 省略。 (难点) 如:Had I had a knife, I would have lent it to you. ⑩感叹句用部分倒装。如: What good news it is! 二、记牢引词 就是要记住哪些常用副词和连词常能引起倒装结构。中学教材常用到: 9N① 2S② 和 only, 还有 little, hardly。 说明:①9N:no,not,never,neither,nor,not until, not only but also, no sooner….than, no matter。②2S:so,seldom。 9

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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1.( 陕西 17)John opened the door . There _____ he had never seen before. A. a girl did stand A. voices had come interested in the lessons. A. saved was teachers‘ energy C. teachers‘ energy was saved A. did the attack A. did Rose care A. Mum did go B. was teachers‘ energy saved D. was saved teachers‘ energy C. was the attack C. Rose does care C. went Mum D. the attack was D. does Rose care D. Mum went B. a girl stood B. came voices C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl 2. (09 福建 25) For a moment nothing happened. Then _____ all shouting together. C. voices would come D. did voices come 3. (09 海南 31) The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only _________, but students became more

4. (09 山东 27)So sudden ________that the enemy had no time to escape. B. the attack did B. Rose did care B. did Mum go 5. (09 陕西 18) Little ________ about her own safety, though she was in great danger herself. 6. (09 四川 16)Not until I came home last night ________ to bed. 7. .(08,江西)It was announced that only when the fire was under control ___ to return to their homes A. the residents would be permitted C. would the residents be permitted A. Only if … will you A. he will either B. Only if … you will B. neither will he B. had the residents been permitted D. the residents had been permitted C. Unless … will you . . D. either he will C. he neither will D. Unless … you will

8.(08 江苏)__________ you eat the correct foods ___________ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. 9.(07 全国Ⅱ11)If Joe‘s wife won‘t go to the party, ___________ 10.(07 上海 31)—How was the televised debate last night? —Super! Rarely___________ A. a debate attracted so much media attention. B. did a debate attract C. a debate did attract D. attracted a debate

11.(05 湖北 34)—Father,you promised! —Well,___________.But it was you who didn‘t keep your word first. A. so was I B. so did I C. so I was D. so I did 12.(07 重庆 34)___________,his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A. Strange as might it sound C. As strange it might sound A. have I felt B.I had felt . C. So does mine C.I couldn‘t imagine C.does a village lie C. will he even give D. So mine does D. couldn‘t I imagine D.lying a village D. he will even give B. As it might sound strange D. Strange as it might sound C.I have felt D. had I felt

13.(07 辽宁 23)I have been living in the United States for twenty years,but seldom_________so lonely as now. 14.(07 江苏 31)—My room gets very cold at night. —__________. A. So is mine A.I could imagine A.a village lie A. does he even give 10 B. So mine is B. could I imagine B.lies a village B. he even gives

15.(06 安徽 31)Never in my wildest dreams __________these people are living in such poor conditions. 16.(06 四川 28)At the foot of the mountain__________. 【2012 重庆】33. The headmaster will not permit the change in the course, nor ______it a thought.

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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【2012 天津】6. Only after Mary read her composition the second time ____ the spelling mistake. A. did she notice A. had she B. she noticed C. does she notice D. she has noticed 【2012 江西】32. Never before _____ seen anybody who can play tennis as well as Robert. B. she had C. has she D. she has C. he considered D. did he consider 【2012 辽宁】32. Not until he retired from teaching three years ago ____ having a holiday abroad. A. he had considered A. is there A. had he realized A. occurred it A. I doubted 【2013 江西】25. A. I will speak A. they actually broke C. did they actually break A. can be the patients C. the patients can be treated B. had he considered B. there is B. did he realize B. it did occur B. do I doubt B. will I speak 【2012 四川】5. This is not my story, nor ______ the whole story. My story plays out differently. C. is it C. he realized C. it occurred C. I have doubted C. do I speak B. do they actually break D. they had actually broken properly in this hospital. B. can the patients be treated D. treated can be the patients D. did I doubt D. I speak D. it is D. he had realized D. did it occur 【2013 福建】34. Not until he went through real hardship _____ the love we have for our families is important. 【2013 湖南】35. Not once ________ to Michael that he could one day become a top student in his class. 【2013 江苏】27. ―Never for a second ,‖the boy says, ―that my father would come to my rescue.‖

Only when he apologizes for his rudeness ____to him again.

【2013 辽宁】26. At no time______ the rules of the game. It was unfair to punish them.

【2013 新课标 II 卷】12. Only by increasing the number of doctors by 50 percent

Part 3:活学活用---倒装单句改错专练
『常见错误类型』
1.需要倒装的句子缺乏助动词 Only then I realize that I was wrong. 2. 不该用倒装的部分用了倒装,应该去掉助动词 Out did rushed the children. 3. 倒装句中的主谓一致 Here come the bus.

『效果检验』
1) Only in this way you study English well. 2) Only after he had finished his homework he allowed to watch TV. 3) Not only she sing well, but also she dances well. 6) Never have he done a bad thing. 7) Not until then I know that I was wrong. 8) Little he care about what others think. 9) I saw the film last week. So does she. 10) There stand a tree in front of my house.

第 三 讲
11

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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Part 1:高频词汇、短语及写作佳句
『高频词汇』
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. A. B. C. approach 接近 afford 买得起;有能力支付, 抽得出(时间) contact 联络;联系 occupy 占有;拥有 survive 死里逃生 参考;查阅;提到;涉及 refer ___________ 张贴;搭建;留宿 put ___________ 到目前为止 ________far Faced with a difficulty, I usually choose to refer to relevant learning materials or Web pages. If you want to know its exact meaning, you can look it up in your reference book. You should consult the instructions before you take the medicine.

『高频短语』

『写作佳句』

1. —If you like the new house, I suggest you buying it. -- But it‘s really too expensive. I can‘t ______ it. A. get the students. A. way A. escaped A.waste A. put up A.sticking to A.from A was increasing B. means B. joined B.afford B. put off B.referring to B.in C. put on C. approach C. discovered D. method D. survived C.spend D. put down D.consulting to D.at ______ sharply. D.cost 3. Report says only eight passengers ______ the plane crash. 4. He says he really can’t____to wait another day. 5. Tom wants to know if we can _______ John for the night, since he has lost all his money and can go nowhere. 6. There are so many new words in this article that I can ’t get along without______the dictionary. C.looking up C./ 7. The plants can‘t survive ______the forest. 8. So far, the number of people participating in physical fitness programs B. afford C. supply D. support 2. A new _______ to teaching the English language is being used here, and it has turned out to be very helpful to

B. has increased C. had increased D. will be increasing

Part 2:语法过关 代 词
『考点透析』

12

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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none 和 no one;none 和 neither (1)none 没人,没有任何东西,既可指人,也可指物。后可接 of 短语,常用来回答 how many 引导的疑问句。 None of us have/has been there.我们中没有人去过那里。 —How many of you have seen the film? 你们中有多少人看过这部电影? —None (of us).一个也没有。 no one 表―没有人,谁也不‖,只指人,作主语时,后跟单数动词。常可用来回答 who 引导的问句。 —Who can answer the question?谁能回答这个问题。 —No one.没有人。 (2)none 作可数名词用时,指三者或三者以上,作主语时谓语动词用单数或复数均可,作不可数名词时,谓 语动词用单数,在句中作主语或宾语,不作定语,不与名词连用。 None of the books are (is) interesting.这些书都没意思。 None of the rubbish has been removed.这些垃圾还没运走。 (3)neither 指―两个人或物中一个也不,两者都不‖表否定意义,作主语时谓语动词用单数。 Neither answer is right.两个答案都不对。 another,other,the other,others 和 the others (1) another 指―任何一个‖―再一……‖―另一……‖,作代词或形容词,用于三者或三者以上。

?… one
Please come another day.请改天再来。

????? another

He will stay here for another 3 days.(=3 more days)他还要在这里呆三天。 表示“一个接一个地” ,用 one after another。如图所示: 例:The students came one after another.同学们一个接一个地来 (2)other 泛指―另外的‖,只作定语,常与复数名词或不可数名词连用,但如果前面有 the,this,that,some, any,each,every,no,none,one,or 以及形容词性物主代词时,则可与单数名词连用。 Would you please make it some other day?(=another day)能否改在另一天呢? He has no other close friends like John.他没有别的像 John 那样的好朋友了。 (3)the other 指―两者中的另一个‖,常与 one 连用,构成 one...the other...―一个……另一个……‖。作定语修饰 复数名词时,表示―全部其余的‖。

?????

? one

? the other

The other students in my class are from Italy.我班其余学生都是意大利人。 (4)others 是 other 的复数形式,表示许多人或物中的―一部分‖和―另一部分(并非全部)‖,用 some…others…, 不能作定语,可构成 some...,others...。

????… some
些在操场上玩。

??????????? others

Some students are cleaning the classroom; others are playing on the playground.一些学生在打扫教室, 另一 (5)the others 是 the other 的复数形式,表示许多人或物中的“一部分” “其余的全部分” ,用 some?the others。如图所示:

????? some
13

????? the others

I have got ten pencils. Two of them are red;the others are blue.

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
我有十支铅笔,两支红的,其余都是蓝色的。 补充记忆 1.:二货:neither/both/either;小三:all/ none 补充记忆 2.:你算老几?something/noting; somebody/nobody

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one/ it; that/ those 考点

? one 表泛指 ? it 表特指 ? that

1.代替前面的单数名词,相当于:a/ an +单数可数名词;2. 前面有形容词时变为 a/ an

+形容词+one; 3.同类不同一(大于等于 2 个) ; 1.替代上文中提到的那个事物;2.同一个(只有一个)

1.替代单数可数名词或者不可数名词;2.如果后面跟有 of 短语,一般用 that; 短语,一般用 those;

? those 1.替代复数可数名词;2.如果后面跟有 of
My spelling book is missing. I can't remember where I put A. it . A. it A. it A. it B. this C. that C. one C. that C. that D. them . D .that I lost my pen. I want to buy B. the one B. this B. this

解题秘诀:四个选项中有 one/ it 选其一;四个选项中有 that/ those 选其一;
.

The weather in Chengdu is warmer than D. those The girl in China are much more beautiful than D. those

in Beijing. in Japan.

such 作指示代词的用法 such 修饰可数和不可数名词,构成 such+(a)+adj.+n.的结构。 He has had such a lovely day today.他今天过得很愉快。 We have had such fun.我们得到了极大的乐趣。 such 和 all,any,many,no,one,some,few 等一起修饰名词时,such 需放在这些词之后。 I have seen many such people.我见过许多这样的人。 All such possibilities must be considered.所有这种可能会发生的事件都要考虑到。 so 作指示代词可代替形容词、名词或前句中的内容,常常与 believe,expect,hope,imagine, suppose,be afraid 等连用。 He is an honest boy and I believe so.他是个诚实的孩子,我相信这点。 —Will the train arrive on time?—I don‘t expect so. —火车会正点到达吗?——我想不会。 注意:such 和 so 常常放在句首,这时句子应倒装。 The mother is kind;so is her child.母亲很善良,她的孩子也是。

『独门秘笈』--- so 和 such 用法归纳
都有“这么,这样”之意,许多同学在使用它们时容易混淆。为帮助同学们掌握和记忆,请看下面一句顺 口溜: 14

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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名前 such,形、副 so, 复数/不可 such 留; 多多少少也用 so。 Little 搞点小特殊, “小”用 such, “少”用 so。 特别注意在句首, 倒装用法记心头。
He was so excited that he could not speak. 他兴奋得连话都说不出来了。 in his English. C. such a rapid progress D. such rapid progresses

So interesting is this book that it is worth reading a second time. I am so surprised that he has made A. so rapid progress B. such rapid progress

『it 的用法』
(1)指代事物、动物、婴儿或未知的人。 Look at the baby. Isn‘t it lovely?看那个小婴儿,它不可爱吗? —Who is that?谁在那里? —It‘s only me.我。 (2)指天气、时间、距离、自然现象,环境等。 It‘s very cold today.今天很冷。 It‘s twenty miles to the zoo.到动物园 20 里路。 (3)作先行代词代替不定式、动名词、名词性从句,作形式主语或形式宾语。 It‘s of great help to master a foreign language.掌握一门外语很有帮助。 I find it quite necessary to make some changes.我发现有必要做出改变。 It’s no good (no use,useless,senseless,dangerous,enjoyable,worthwhile)+v.ing. It‘s no use arguing with him.同他争论没什么用。 It‘s dangerous sleeping out in the woods at night.晚上睡在树林里是危险的。 It happened that she was not at home when I called.我打电话时,碰巧她不在家。 (4)表示―喜欢、恨‖等心理方面的动词后面接 it,构成固定结构,这类动词常用 enjoy,prefer,love,like, hate,dislike,appreciate 等。 I will appreciate it if you can give me a hand. I like it when she sings a song for me. (5) 强调句用法 I hate it when I have to speak in French on the phone. I can‘t help it if he is always late.如果他总是迟到,我也没办法。

1.

no need for us to discuss the problem again since it has already been settled. A. It has B. There has B. that; on B. not you B. he C. It is D. There is landing on the moon? D. that; in the American astronaut succeeded C. when; in C. you

2. Was it in 1969 A. when; on 3. Was A. it you A. it 15

that I saw last night at the concert? D. that yourself didn't help.

4. The teacher kept telling him that he should work harder, but C. which D. she

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
5. Is 6. He felt A. it's 7. It A. was A.who 9. It was possible to fly to the moon in a spaceship? A. this B. man B. its B.are B.whom I went there C. that C. that C.were C.how D. it D. it D.had been D.that C.not until; that . D.that D.it . D.them C. there is C. There is C.It was said D. this is D.It is D. It says his duty to help the poor. Mike and Mary who helped the old man several days ago. Mary got to know Bob.

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8. It was through Jack

I began to know something about the matter. D.not when; that

A.until; when A.it 11. Does A.this A.it A. it is A. This is A. He is said

B.until; that C.one C.he C.that B. it were B. That is B.It is said

10. I lost my pen. I want to buy B.the one B.that B.this

matter if he can't finish the job on time?

12. My spelling book is missing. I can't remember where I put 13. In summer _________ hotter in Shanghai than in Beijing. 14. _________ in the city that I saw your friend yesterday. 15. ________that he has gone abroad.

(2010 天津市)All of us want very much to see these amusing movies,especially_______ you referred to just now. ? ? ? A.any A.it B.it B.this C.the one C.one D.one D.that (2010 届南开中学)The cars on show are so cheap,but still I can‘t afford________. (2010 届广西)Equipped with modern facilities,today‘s libraries differ greatly from________. A.those of the past B.the past C.which of the past D.ones of the past (2010 届襄樊四中月考)—Which one can I take? —You can take________ of them;I‘ll keep none. ? ? A.all A.you B.any B.this C.both C.it D.either D.myself (2010 新疆)I would appreciate________,to be frank,if goods could be delivered as soon as possible. (2010 龙岩检测)—Did you reach the top of the mountain? —Yes. Even I myself didn‘t believe I could make________. ? ? A.that A.who B.it B.it C.one C.which D.any D.one (2010 浙江金) Lei Feng is a hero,________,I think,that will be remembered by Chinese forever. (2010 年上海)It is said that two manmade structures are clearly visible from space. One is the Great Wall of China,and________ is Japan‘s Kansai International Airport. 16

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
? ? A.another A.that B.other B.you C.the other C.this

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D.either D.it

(2010 年西安)Are you driving to the airport,sir?I‘d appreciate________ if you could give me a lift. (2010 年西安)—May I ask for leave tomorrow? —No,you can‘t.________ applying for the scholarship must be present. ? A.Someone B. this B.Anyone C. that D. it C.One D.No one 【2012 全国卷 II】⒐ Sarah made ___ to the airport just in time to catch her plane this morning. A. herself 【2012 重庆】21.---John, when shall we meet again, Thursday or Friday? ---___________.I‘ll be off to London then. A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. None of them wants to, because they 【2012 全国】31. Larry asks Bill and Peter to go on a picnic with him, but_ have work to do. A. either B. any C. neither D. none 【2012 福建】22. --Have you figured out how much the trip will cost? --$4,000, or _______ like that. A. anything A. him A. whoever A. nothing A. one A. that A. those A. either 【2013 江西】23. A. Anybody A. that A. either for life. A. some A. one A. them 17 B. neither B. this B. these C. none C. that C. those D. all D. it described in this magazine. D. ones 【2013 四川】2.The traffic on the main streets has a longer green signal than______ on the small ones. 【2013 天津】12. At our factory there are a few machines similar to B. one B. any B. this B. everything C. that C. something D. it C. whatever C. no one C. this C. one B. one B. another D. that D. it C. any C. neither D. all D. none C. Nobody C. ones C. each D. those D. another of her enthusiasm D. Somebody D. however D. neither D. nothing 【2012 陕西】13. No matter where he is, he makes ____ a rule to go for a walk before breakfast. 【2012 山东】21. When you are done with the book, just give it to Lucy or Helen or _____. B. wherever B. none B. such B. this 【2012 江西】23. My brother would like to buy a good watch but _____ was available from that shop. 【2012 辽宁】28. If you‘re buying today‘s paper from the stand, could you get ____ for me? 【2012 四川】2. New technologies have made ____ possible to turn out new products faster and at a lower cost. 【2012 浙江】5. Studying Wendy‘s menu, I found that many of the items are similar to ____ of McDonald‘s. 【2012 江苏】23. Sophia waited for a reply, but _____ came. _______ can be good at something for 40 years if he doesn‘t love it. B. Everybody

【2013 辽宁】29. To her joy, Della earned first the trust of her students and then _____ of her colleagues. 【2013 山东】21. I‘ve lived in New York and Chicago, but don‘t like ____ of them very much. 【2013 陕西】 22. Although Rosemary had suffered from a serious illness for years, she lost

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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【2013 新课标 II 卷】 14. It's an either-or situation - we can buy a new car this year or we can go on holiday but we can‘t do A. others . B. either C. another D. both

Part 3:活学活用--- 代词单句改错专练
『常见错误类型』
1)人称代词指代单数还是复数 3)宾格的人称代词还是反身代词 4) 不定代词的误用。 some, any, no, none, many, much, few, little, each, every, one, all, both, either, other, another, others 及由 some, any, no, every 构成的复合词 5)指示代词有 this, that, these, those, it, such, same 等的误用。 this 和 these 一般用来指时间和空间上较近的人或物,也常用来指后面要提到的事情,有启下的作用。 that 和 those 则常用来指时间或空间上较远的人或物,也可用来代替前面出现过的名词,以免重复。 6) 形式主语、宾语误用和缺乏。 2)人称代词主格和宾格错用

『效果检验』
1. I don‘t know many about his friend. 2. After that, he held up one of his fingers and showed to the class. 3. I‘m sorry. I know only a few English. 4. She finds difficult to learn English very well. 5. He has one blue pen and two red one. 6. He explained it again so as to make him understood. 7. Two of us will be sent there, Tom and me. 8. The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. 9. As we were asleep, all of us heard the sound. 10. We can tell others our need for help and accept his help

第 四 讲 Part 1:高频词汇、短语及写作佳句
『高频词汇』
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 18 conclude 结论 react(化学)反应. form 形成 average 平均的;一般的 adj.;n.平均;平均数 contain 包含;包括 继续;做吧;说吧;干吧 go _________ 提出;相处 come up ______________ be tired________对??厌烦

『高频短语』

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
『写作佳句』

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A.As a result,I was tired out and depressed. B.In fact,it is of great importance to come up with a good solution to cope with the seriously polluted environment. C.So when we feel bored and find nothing to spare our free time ,we can choose to listen to an English song.

1.They discussed the problem for a whole day, but they couldn‘t come to a(n)__________. A. end A.average A.collected B. conclusion B.slight C. form D. lecture D.Different C.included C.tired;bored D.put D.tiring;boring 2. Don’t expect too much of him. After all,he is a child of______ intelligence. C.strange B.contained 3. Little John felt the bag,curious to know what it ______ . 4. Mr.Smith,______of the______speech,started to read a novel. A.tired;boring B.tiring;bored — ______ A.Come on! A.came up to B.Take care! B.came out C.Go ahead! D.Hold on! D.came across 5. —May I open the window to let in some fresh air?

6. This was a really difficult question,but a little boy______ a good answer. C.came up with 7. --- How do you react ______ your father ‘s suggestions? -- I reacted strongly ______ it. A. on; to A.made B. on; with B.joined C. against ; with D. to; against D.formed 8. This band is_______ of eight boys and girls,including two Japanese. C.attended

Part 2:语法过关 冠词
『专家支招』
中国人学英语,感到―冠词‖难学。一是因为汉语中没有与之对应的词,二是因为冠词的的用法比较灵 活。冠词是一种虚词,没有意义,不能单独使用。在单数的普通可数名词之前,如果没有其它限定词的话, 一般来说必须要有一个冠词。 冠词可分为三类:不定冠词、定冠词和零冠词。不定冠词 a (an)用于单数可数名词之前,表示泛指,说 明其名称和种类,具有―一个(本……)‖的意思。定冠词 the 用于各类名词前,表示特指,具有―这、那‖ 的意思。零冠词指的是名词前不加冠词。

『考情分析』
前几年几乎每套高考试卷都有涉及冠词考点的题目,为各套试卷的必考考点。但近几年来,冠词的考 查力度有所下降,成为选考考点。在 2012 年 18 套高考英语试题中,单项选择题考查冠词的只有 8 个小题。 高考对冠词的命题常是将定冠词和不定冠词的用法联合起来进行考查,通常设有两空考查冠词。 冠词也有三个难点:一是不定冠词用于不可数名词前面(即不可数名词可数化) ;二是零冠词的用法 (即不加冠词的情形) ;三是冠词的习惯搭配。

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高考主要考查冠词在具体语境中的灵活运用。考查冠词的重点有 8 个考点。其中不定冠词有 3 个考点; 定冠词有 3 个考点;零冠词有 2 个考点。

『用法透析』 【思维导图】

不定冠词(a/an 之间的区别) 口诀:听其音,忘其形!

『独门秘笈 1』
你可用这样一句话记住他们的用法:不见原因(元音),别施“恩 (n)”。如: 一位老师 a teacher 一个男人 a man __a_ usual book; 一位英语老师 an English teacher 一位老人 an old man an unusual book;_a__ horse ;_an__ hour

如果你再能再记住下面这句话,你就能顺利闯过这个难关。 Mr. Li has one fox. (李先生有一只狐狸。 ) 这句话囊括了字母表里前面用不定冠词 an 的所有字母——假若这 些字母作为一个独立的单词使用的话。这些字母是:a,e,f,h,i,l,m,n,o,r,s,x。除这些字母外,其余的字母前面就 用不定冠词 a。 例:There is _____"M" in the word "mouse". 温馨提示:不定冠词特殊考点见补充 定冠词与不定冠词的辨析(区别 a/an、the ) 1、第一次提到用―a 或 an‖,以后再次提到用―the‖ ; 3、遇见复杂问题时,使用强行翻译法; 强行翻译法如何使用? 1、在所需要辨别的空格内生硬的填入―这个‖; 2、翻译―这个‖所在的句子; 3、把翻译的句子带入到具体的语境当中; 4、并判断其逻辑是否成立(可以理解为因果关系是否成立); 5、如果因果关系成立——〉the;因果关系不成立——〉a/an. 例题:A:Have you seen ____pen? I left it here this morning. B:Is it ____ black one? I saw it somewhere. A. a, a B. a, the C. the, a D. the, the 零冠词与冠词 注:但凡遇见复杂的、零散的的知识点时,采用故事记忆法。 故事记忆:——看球(世界杯)痴绝食路 20 进行概念上的换动;(食——>冠词) 2、非特指用 a/an,特指时用 the.

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1. 绝食的原因: 球

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思路分析:因痴迷看球、下棋而绝食,绝食即为绝冠词,绝冠词就是零冠词,所以遇球、棋就绝食,则可 知遇见球类、棋类一定使用零冠词的。 例:打篮球 play basketball 笔记:have 笔记:in May breakfast 吃早餐 笔记:on Sunday 在周日这天 在五月份 in January 在教师节这天 dinner)不吃; (遇见任意地一日三餐都不使用冠词); 之后,是一星 知识扩展: 棋类(同样不使用冠词) have lunch 吃午餐 have dinner 吃晚餐 在十二月份 on Friday 在一月份 在周五这天 in December

笔记:on Teachers' day

2. 绝食历程:开始,只是一日三餐(have

期不吃; (遇见任意一周中的某天都不使用冠词) 接着, 是一年都不吃; (遇见任意某个月份都不使用冠词) 所 有节假日都不放假也不吃;(遇见所有节假日都不使用冠词.知识迁移:1. 中国的传统节日前通常加定冠词 the。如:the Spring Festival 春节,the Dragon-boat Festival 端午节),在这种固定不吃任何物质的模式下, 最后,go to hell 了。 解析:固定与物质;在此,固定即为固定搭配;物质只指两类物质名词不使用冠词。 一类指可数名词中复 数名词不使用冠词;另一类指不可数名词不使用。 笔记:Blood is thicker than water. 血浓于水. 例:in __ morning(the) 在早上、在下午、在晚上都要加上―the‖ 特殊点:在中午 at noon; 在夜晚 at night; 重要补充:第一 第二 凡是不在绝食路上的元素,正常使用冠词; 绝食路上的四大元素,一旦具体化,必须使用冠词; (四大元素包括:一日三餐、一星 例:on __ Teachers' Day of 1997

期、一年、节假日;)

原因:因为强调为具体某一年的教师节,则前面应该加―the‖ 第三 中国传统乐器不加―the‖; 例:play __ Erhu 第四 双枪老太婆 当两个词表示的是一个物体或者一个物体的不同组成部分时就使用一个冠词,否则冠词要分开使用。 例:The teacher and the driver ___ (give) me the answer.(give) The teacher and driver ___ (give) me the answer. (gives) 由例题可知,如果为单独地一个冠词,可知为一个物体;如果为两个冠词,可知至少为两个物体。

有无冠词含义不同的短语
in hospital 住院(因病) in prison 坐牢 in front of 在前面,指某物体之外 in charge 负责,主管 out of question 没问题 go to school 去上学 go to church 做礼拜 go to bed 上床睡觉 in the hospital 在医院(工作、参观等) in the prison 在监狱里 in the front of 在前部,指某物之内 in the charge 由……负责 out of the question 不可能 go to the school 到那所学校去 go to the church 去教堂 go to the bed 到床边去

in possession of 某人拥有(主动) in the possession of 在……拥有之下(被动)

at table 在用餐 at the table 在餐桌边 at sea 不知所措,茫然 at the sea 在海上 on earth 究竟,到底 on the earth 在地球上 have a word with sb. 与某人谈话 have words with sb. 与某人吵架 a singer and a dancer 一个歌手和一个舞蹈家(两个人) a singer and dancer 一个歌手兼舞蹈家(一个人)

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特殊考点:不可数名词的可数化。且听补充:

『归纳总结』
第一部分 讲述关于 a/an 之间的区别;(听其音,忘其形) 第二部分 讲述 a/an、the 之间的区别; 解题方法:强行翻译法. 解题步骤:强行填入―这个‖两字,翻译带有―这个‖的句子,代入整个语境中判断逻辑是否成立,如果 成立使用―the‖不成立使用―a/an‖. 第三部分 特殊记忆法(零冠词的故事记忆法) 2. 绝食路上的四大元素,一旦具体化,必须使用冠词; 3. 中国传统乐器不加―the‖. 第四部分 双枪老太婆(一个冠词时就一个物体,两个冠词时至少两物体) 重要补充:1. 凡是不在绝食路上的元素,正常使用冠词;

『独门秘笈 2』 顺口溜:巧记“定冠词用法”、“不用冠词情形”和“定冠词和零冠词习惯用法”
定冠词用法口诀: 特指加类别,上文已提及,独一无二物,序数最高级,某些专有名,江洋及乐器。 不用冠词口诀: 代词限定名词前,专有名词不可数,复数名词表泛指,学科球类三餐饭,季节星期月份前,颜 色语言和国名,称呼习语及头衔。 定冠词和零冠词习惯用法口诀: 1. 有水无湖:海、洋、海湾、河等,都用 the;单个湖不用 the, (但多个湖用 the) 。如:the Red Sea, the Pacific Ocean, the Persian Gulf, the Yangtze River, the Great Lakes(五大湖) ;Lake Erie(伊利湖) 2.有球无星:地球,月球用 the;行星不用 the。如:Mars, Venus; 3. 有独无洲:独一无二的事物加定冠词。如 the earth, the moon, the sun; 欧洲等七大洲不用 the。如:Europe, Africa, Asia, North America, South America, Antarctica, Oceania 5.有乐无球:乐器前面通常加定冠词( play the violin/ piano) ,但球类运动前面不加冠词。如 play volley/ basketball 6.有序无限:序数词前面加定冠词。但名词前已有 this, that, my, whose, some, any, no, each, every 等限定词或 修饰语时,也不用冠词。 7. 有形无复:形容词前面加定冠词表示―一类人或物‖。复数名词表类别时不加冠词。 8. 有名无食(实) :姓名复数前用定冠词表一家人,或夫妻两人。一日三餐名称前一般不加冠词。

(2009 安徽卷)We can never expect A. a; a B. a; the

bluer sky unless we create C. the; a D. the; the

less polluted world.

(2009 北京卷)The biggest whale is ___ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the height of _______ 9-story building. A. the; the 22 B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a

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(2009 江西卷)Some people fear that ________ air pollution may bring about changes in _______ weather around the world. A. /; the A 不填; a A. the; the (2009 陕西卷)What A a; a A. the; a A. the; a A. the ;不填 B. the; / B a ; the C. an; the C the ; the D. the; a heaviest rainfall in D the ; a while C. a; the C a ; the C. the; the C. the;不填 C. the ;the D. a; the Biggest developing country in the world. fifth of pupils here go D. 不填;不填 D the; the D. a; the rough idea of ___ Project plan. D. a ; a prize! month of May. (2009 辽宁卷)This area experienced (2009 全国 I)Let‘s go to

cinema-that‘ll take your mind off the problem for B. the; a pity that you couldn‘t be there to receive

B the ; a B. a; a B. 不填; the B. 不填 ;the

(2009 四川卷)In order to find _____ better job, he decided to study ____ second foreign language. (2009 浙江卷) I don't understand what the engineer means, but I‘ve got (2011· 陕西)13.As is know to all, (2011· 四川卷)18.Dr.Peter Spemce, on to study at Oxford and Cambridge. A.不填;a B.不填;the C. the; the D. a; a (2011· 江西卷)22.----It‘s said John will be in a job paying over 860,00 _____ year ----- He also get paid by _____ week. A. the; the A. a; a A.the.不填 A.不填;the A. the, / A. the; the George. A./,/ B. the,/ C the; the D./, the finished painting with C. the; 不填 D. the; a D. 不填; a satisfaction. 【2012 全国】22. Sarah looked at A.不填;a A. the; the B. a; the B. a; a B. a; the B. a; the B.a;the B. a; the B. a, an B. 不填; a C. a, / C. the; a C. a, / C. the; the C.a;不填 C. the; a D. the, an D. a; 不填 D. a; a boy must learn to stand up and fight like D. a; 不填 D.the;a D.不填;a man. (2011· 全国新课标卷)33.It is generally accepted that People‘s Republic of China is

headmaster of the school, told us,

(2011· 浙江卷)2.Experts think that ____recently discovered painting may be _____ Picasso. (2011· 山东卷)21.Take your time-it‘s just_____short distance from here to_____restaurant. (2011· 重庆卷)26. In communication, a smile is usually ______ strong sign of a friendly and ____ open attitude. 【2012 全国卷 II】⒎He missed ___ gold in the high jump, but will get ___ second chance in the long jump. 【2012 重庆】24. Sam has been appointed_____manager of the engineering department to take____place of

【2012 山东】29. Being able to afford _____drink would be ______comfort in those tough times. C. a; 不填 【2012 江西】21. The Smiths don‘t usually like staying at ___ hotels, but last summer they spent a few days at a very nice hotel by ____ sea. A. /; a A. the; the changes. 23 B. the; the B. the; an C. /; the C. a; the D. the; a D. a; an 【2012 辽宁】21. I woke up with ______ bad headache, yet by ____ evening the pain had gone. 【2012 四川】18. We are said to be living in ____ Information Age, ____ time of new discoveries and great

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A. an; the B. 不填; the C. 不填; a

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D. the; a

【2012 浙江】 2. The development of industry has been _____ gradual process throughout _____ human existence, from stone tools to modern technology. A. 不填; the B. the; a C. a; 不填 D. a; a 【2013 福建】21. The ―Chinese Dream‖ is ______ dream to improve people‘s well -being and ______ dream of harmony, peace and development. A. the; a A. a ; / A. 不填;a thirteenth century. A. the; a B. a; / C. /; the D. the; the break for cheese, 【2013 新课标 II 卷】13.Four and chocolate and tea with sugar. A. a; a B. the; the C.不填;the B. the; a D. a;不填 independence in 1947, after C. an;不填 D. an; the long struggle. 【2013 新课标 I 卷】31. India attained A.不填;a preferences affect learning. A. a; an A. a;/ B. the; / B. a; 不填 C. the; an C. 不填; the D. a; an D. the; an operation on his knee. 【2013 重庆】32. The parents were shocked by news that their son needed half hours of discussion took us up to midnight, and B. a; the B. a; a C. a; the B. the ; the C. the; a D. the; the C. a ; the D. the; 不填 Pacific Ocean on his way to Java in I D. / ; / 【2013 江西】32. Animals are obviously ______ lower form of life than _______ man.

【2013 山东】22. It was ______ cold winter night and the moon was shining brightly across ____ night sky. 【2013 陕西】19. Marco Polo is said to have sailed on

【2013 浙江】 15. People develop ______ preference for a particular style of learning at ______ early age and these

Part 3:活学活用---冠词单句改错专练
『常见错误类型』 1)特指还是泛指 4)不可数名词去掉 a/an 『效果检验』
1. I have a good news for you. 2. He speaks the English very well. 3. We play the basketball on Sunday. 4. Are you making a good progress? 6. Many blacks were arrested and put into the prison. 7. There is an university near the railway station. 8. What a bad weather! 9. What a terrible life people in that country lived at that time! 10. We have so much homework to do that a rest for us is out of the question.

2)a 还是 an 5)固定结构

3) 单数名词前加 a/an

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第 五 讲 Part 1:高频词汇、短语及写作佳句
『高频词汇』
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. permit 许可 concentrate 集中 access 接近;使用 disadvantage 弊端;缺点 aim 目标;目的 as well ______也 break ________ 破门而入呀 consist ______ 由…组成

『高频短语』

『写作佳句』
A.She is a talented poet as well as a teacher. B.He is a teacher,and a writer as well. C. Not only the students but also the teacher likes the film very much.

1. The system has been designed to give students quick and easy______to the digital resources of the library. A.access A. is A.insist on A.makes up of A. permit A.smoke A. broken out A. above B.passage B. be C.way C. are B.consist of D. to be C.persist in D.concentrate on D.approach 2. English, as well as Chinese and maths _____ of great importance now. 3. The students can’t ______their studies when they are tired. 4. The world______seven continents and four oceans. B.makes out of C.is consisted of D.consists of B. permitted C. permission C.smoking C. broken into D. to D. a permission D.to smoking D. broken off 5. They were asked to the police station as they had entered the area without_______. 6. Nobody is permitted_______in our school yard. B.to smoke B. broken up B. over C. than 7. When the old man got home, he found that the house had been ____ and a lot of things had been stolen. 8. She has an advantage _____others in the job interview for her mother was American.

Part 2:语法过关 定语从句
【思维导图】

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『考情分析』 :考查定语从句的重点有 11 个考点。其中关系代词有 4 个重点考点;关系副
词有 2 个考点;“介词+关系代词”结构有 2 个考点;限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句有 3 个考点。

『基本要素』
1. 概念: 在复合句中修饰名词和代词的从句叫做定语从句,也叫形容词性从句。 2. 先行词:被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫做先行词. 3. 引导词:引导定语从句的关系代词有 who, whose, whom, which, that, as ; 引导定语从句的关系副词有 when, where, why; 关系代词在定语从句中做主语,宾语,定语;关系副词在定语从句中做状语. 4. 分类:限制性和非限制性定语从句

『用法透析』
1.关系代词引导的定语从句 关系代词所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分。关系代词 在定语从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致。 1)who, whom, that 这些词代替的先行词是人的名词或代词,在从句中作主语和宾语。例如: Is he the man who/that wants to see you? (who/that 在从句中作主语) He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday. (whom/that 在从句中作宾语) 2)which, that 所代替的先行词是事物的名词或代词,在从句中可作主语、宾语等。例如: A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside. (which / that 在句中作主语) The package(which / that)you are carrying is about to come unwrapped.(which / that 在句中作宾语) 3)whose 用来指人或物, (只用作定语, 若指物,它还可以同 of which 互换) 。例如: They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down. Please pass me the book whose cover(the cover of which)is green. 2.关系副词引导的定语从句 关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词,在从句中作状语。 1)关系副词 when, where, why 的含义相当于"介词+ which"结构,因此常常和"介词+ which"结构交替使用。 例如: There are occasions when(on which)one must yield. Beijing is the place where(in which)I was born. Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer?

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易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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高难考点:由 where 和 when 引导的定语从句的特殊先行词,且听补充: 2) that 代替关系副词, 可以用于表示时间、 地点、 方式、 理由的名词后取代 when, where, why 和"介词+ which" 引导的定语从句,在口语中 that 常被省略。例如: His father died the year (that / when / in which) he was born. He is unlikely to find the place (that / where / in which) he lived forty years ago. 3.判断关系代词与关系副词 (自由恋爱与非诚勿扰) 方法一:用关系代词,还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词。及物动词后面无宾语,就必须要求用 关系代词;而不及物动词则要求用关系副词。例如: This is the mountain village where I stayed last year. I'll never forget the days when I worked together with you. 习惯上总把表地点或时间的名词与关系副词 where, when 联系在一起。 方法二:准确判断先行词在定语从句中的成分(主、谓、宾、定、状) ,也能正确选择出关系代词 /关系副 词。 关系词的选择依据在从句中所做的成分, 先行词在从句中做主、 定、 宾语时, 选择关系代词 (who, whom, that, which, whose) ; 先行词在从句中做状语时,应选择关系副词 ( where 地点状语,when 时间状语, why 原因状语) 。 4.非限制性定语从句—逗号是标志 The house, which we bought last month, is very nice. Charles Smith, who was my former teacher, retired last year. My house, which I bought last year, has got a lovely garden. This novel, which I have read three times, is very touching. 切记:关系代词 that 和关系副词 why 不能引导非限制性定语从句。 5.介词+关系词 1)介词后面的关系词不能省略。 2)that 前不能有介词。 3)某些在从句中充当时间,地点或原因状语的"介词+关系词"结构可以同关系副词 when 和 where 互换。 This is the house in which I lived two years ago. This is the house where I lived two years ago. Do you remember the day on which you joined our club? Do you remember the day when you joined our club? 6. as, which 非限定性定语从句 1)由 as, which 引导的非限定性定语从句,as 和 which 可代整个主句,相当于 and this 或 and that。As 一般 放在句首,which 在句中。例如: As we know, smoking is harmful to one's health. The sun heats the earth, which is very important to us. 2)as 和 which 在引导非限制性定语从句时,这两个关系代词都指主句所表达的整个意思,且在定语从句 中都可以作主语和宾语。但不同之处主要有两点: (1)as 引导的定语从句可置于句首,而 which 不可。 (2)as 代表前面的整个主句并在从句中作主语时,从句中的谓语必须是系动词;若为行为动词,则从句中 的关系代词只能用 which.。 3)as 引导的定语从句的固定用法 27

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易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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as 用作关系代词和关系副词引导限定性定语从句,在从句中作主语、定语、表语、或状语, 常与 the same … as; such… as , so… as , as… as 连用。 I like the same book as you do. I shall do it in the same way as you did. I want to have such a dictionary as he has. He is the same age as you (are).

He will give you such information as will help you. Such students as you have mentioned should be criticized. =Students such as you have mentioned should be criticized. 在 the same…后也可用 that 引导定语从句,但意义有所不同: that 引出的定语从句,指的是与先行词同一事物;而 as 引出的定语从句是与先行词相似的同类事物。 I want to use the same tool that I used yesterday. I want to use the same tool as I used yesterday. 注意:As 引导的定语从句可放在主句前,也可放在主句后.在很多情况下已经构成固定搭配. as everybody can see as may be imagined as is often said as was usual as you know as is announced as can be seen as is expected as I expected as is known to all as is reported as has been said before

as is often the case

as is mentioned above

7.先行词和关系词二合一 (难点) 1)Whoever spits in public will be punished here. (Whoever 可以用 anyone who 代替) 2)The parents will use what they have to send their son to technical school. (what 可以用 all that 代替) 8. what/whatever; that/what; who/whoever 1)what = the thing which;whatever = anything。 What you want has been sent here. Whatever you want makes no difference to me. 2) who= the person that 3) that 和 what 当 that 引导定语从句时,通常用作关系代词,而引导名词性从句时,是个不充当任何成分的连接词。 宾语从句和表语从句中的 that 常可省略。What 只能引导名词性从句,用作连接代词,作从句的具体成分, 且不能省略。 I think(that)you will like the stamps. 我想你会喜欢这些邮票的。 What we need is more practice. 我们需要的是更多的实践。 9.关系代词 that 的用法 1)不用 that 的情况 a)引导非限定性定语从句时。 The tree, which is four hundred years old, is very famous here. b)介词后不能用。例如: We depend on the land from which we get our food. 2) 只能用 that 作为定语从句的关系代词的情况 a)在 there be 句型中,只用 that,不用 which。 b)在不定代词,如:anything, nothing, the one, all, much, few, any, little 等作先行词时或者先行词被不定 代词修饰时只用 that,不用 which。 All (that) you have to do is to practise every day. The white flower is the only one that I really like. This is the very book that I want to read. 28 I have read all the books (that) you gave me. c)先行词被 the only, the very, the last, the same 等修饰时,只用 that。 We depend on the land that/which we get our food from. whoever= anyone who。

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
d)先行词为序数词、数词、形容词最高级时,只用 that。. The first lesson (that) I learned will never be forgotten. This is the best film (that) I have ever seen. e)先行词既有人,又有物时。例如: We talked about the persons and things that we could remember.

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f)当主句以 who 或 which 开头的特殊疑问句时,定语从句 that 引导. Who is the man that is standing there? Which of us that knows something about physics doesn‘t know this? 温馨提示:当先行词为 way 时,定语从句有三种表述方式,即:in which, that, 或者不需要任何引导词。

『独门秘笈 1』--九阴白骨爪
that 和 which 的区别,很容易记混,用下面的顺口溜便不难区分: that,which 可互换,下列请况勿照办, that 情况比较多,不妨对你说一说; 不定代词这路货,全用 that 准没错。 有人有物双先行,只用 that 没得说; 若是先行被限制,选择 which 绝对错; 尤其注意 who/which, 疑问开头用 that; 特别提醒 way 先行,答案可以有三个。 要用 which 别着急,介词提前逗隔离。

『独门秘笈 2』--降龙十八掌
顺口溜:巧记―定语从句‖
定语从句作用大,我们不可忽视它; 先行词,在前头,定语从句跟在后; 关系代词或副词,实际都是引导词; 指人用 who 或 whom,which 指物就能行; 其中 that 本领大,指人指物都找它; 时间 when 地点 where,修饰原因用 why; 关系代词主宾定,唯有宾语可以省; 关系副词作状语;弄清作用是真理; 定语从句分两种,限定或是非限定; 限定无逗译在前,非限逗号补说明。

(09 全国 II) My friend showed me round the town, ______ was very kind of him. A. which A.their B. that B.whose C. where C.of them D. it D.with whom (2009 安徽)Many children, parents are away working in big cities,are taken good care of in the village.

(2009 北京卷)–What do you think of teaching, Bob? 29

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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–I find it fun and challenging. It is a job ___ you are doing something serious but interesting. A. where A. that B. Which B. when C. When C. which D. that D. where (2009 福建卷)It‘s helpful to put children in a situation _______ they can see themselves differently. (2009 湖南卷)I was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, a city ______ name will create a picture of beautiful trees and green grass in our mind. A. which A. that A. them A. who A. of which A. where A. who B. of which B. when B. who B. which B. with which B. when B. whom C. whose C. that C. what C. whom C. when C. about which D. that D. into which D. which D. whose D. which I had ever met before. D. these (09 辽宁卷)They‘ve won their last three matches, ________ I find a bit surprising actually. (09 全国 I)She brought with her three friends, none of

(09 山东卷)Whenever I met her, _________ was fairly often, she greeted me with a sweet smile. (09 陕西卷)Gun control is a subject Americans have argued for a long time .

(09 上海)Mozart‘s birthplace and the house ______ he composed ―The Magic Flute‖ are both museums now. C. there D. whoever (2009 天津卷)A person ______ e-mail account is full won‘t be able to send or receive any e-mails.

2011 年真题
(2011· 四川卷)17.The school shop, A. which others upset. A. who A. which in such weather. A. this A.When A. that differently . A. which begins to rain . A. when A who weeks. 30 B. that B whom C. where C which D. there D that (2011· 湖南卷)25.Julie was good at German, French and Russian, all of ____ she spoke fluently (2011· 安徽卷)28. Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator , _____ it will keep for two or three B. what C. them D. those (2011· 浙江卷)10.A bank is the place ____ they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it B. that C. what B.Where B. which D. which C.that C. whose D.which story shows the most imagination. D. what ( . 2011· 江苏卷) 24. Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, ________ the audience can buy ice-cream. (2011· 全国新课标卷)31.The prize will go to the writer B. which C. what D. that we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. C. who D. that (2011· 陕西卷) 11.I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend, B. where B. whose C. when customers are mainly students, is closed few the holidays. D. where , of course, made all the

(2011· 北京卷)26. Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others,

(2011· 全国 II)7. Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt,______is a stupid thing to do

(2011· 浙江卷)8.English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of____ uses it somewhat

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
A. when A. they freely with each other. A. which B. where C. what D. who B. which B. where C. where C. what D. while D. that

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(2011· 山东卷)32.The old town has narrow streets and small houses _____are built close to each other. (2011· 福建卷)24. She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students ____ allows them to communicate

2012 年真题
【2012 重庆】29. Sales director is a position ______communication ability is just as important as sales skills. A. which A. that A. that A. that A. them A. what A. who A. in whom A. why B. that B. which B. it B. where B. that B. in what B. whose B. in them B. when C. when D. where D. when D. what D. what D. what D. in which D. which D. of them D. on which animals and plants can be protected. 【2012 北京】 26. When deeply absorbed in work, _____ he often was, he would forget all about eating or sleeping. C. where C. as C. which 【2012 福建】23. The air quality in the city, _____ is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months. 【2012 陕西】14. It is the third time that she has won the race, ____ has surprised us all. 【2012 山东】23. Maria has written two novels, both of ___ have been made into television series. C. which C. which C. whom C. of whom C. to whom 【2012 湖南】34. Care of the soul is a gradual process ____ even the small details of life should be considered. 【2012 天津】7. I wish to thank Professor Smith, without ____ help I would never have got this far. 【2012 四川】13. In our class there are 46 students, _____ half wear glasses. 【2012 浙江】9. We live in an age ______ more information is available with greater ease than ever before.

2013 年真题
【2013 北京】27. Many countries are now setting up national parks A. when A. whom B. which B. who C. whose D. where C. what D. which , he remembers

【2013 湖南】 21. Happiness and success often come to those _______ are good at recognizing their own strengths. 【2013 江苏】32. The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China starting as early as his childhood. A. where 【2013 江西】33. A. what A. in which case A. as A. when 【2013 陕西】16. A. It 31 B. that B. where B. That B. which C. what B. which B. in that case D. when C. where C. in what case C. when C. which D. where D. whom C. What D. As D. in whose case D. how He wrote a letter ______ he explains what had happened in the accident.

【2013 辽宁】34. He may win the competition, _____ he is likely to get into the national team. 【2013 山东】31. There is no simple answer, _____ is often the case in science. 【2013 山东】35. Finally he reached a lonely island _________ was completely cut off from the outside world. is often the case with children, Amy was better by the time the doctor arrived.

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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【2013 四川】9. Nowadays people are more concerned about the environment ______ they live. A. what A. that A. what A. all of what B. which C. when B. which B. when B. all of which D. where is announced in today‘s newspaper. D. what I would be staying. D. which D. all of whom C. who C. where C. all of them 【2013 天津】6. We have launched another man-made satellite,

【2013 新课标 II 卷】4. When I arrived, Bryan took me to see the house_

【2013 浙江】5. The children, ______ had played the whole day long, were worn out. 【2013 浙江】13. The museum will open in the spring with an exhibition and a viewing platform ______ visitors can watch the big glasshouses being built. A. what A them B. where B. that C. which C. when D. whom made one of the D. which D. why are family members. 【2013 重庆】24. John invited about 40 people to his wedding, most of

【2013 安徽】29. Mo Yan was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2012, Chinese people‘s long-held dreams come true. A. it B. that C. what

Part 3:活学活用---定语从句单句改错专练
『常见错误类型』
① 从句中缺少作主语的关系代词。 The first passengers had left the sinking ship were women and children. ② 从句中使用了多余的人称代词、时间状语(then) 、地点状语(there) 。 The technicians took a single day to complete ③that 与 which 的误用。 In class our teacher spoke to us about the writer and his works which were still unknown to us all. ④ 关系代词与关系副词的误用,尤其注意定语从句中含有 visit 和 spend 作谓语动词的句子。 I shall never forget those years which I lived in the farm with you. I shall never forget those years when I spent in the farm with you. ⑤ 非限制性定语从句中使用人称代词、物主代词、指示代词。 Something unexpected happened to his family, this made it necessary for him to stop school and work in society. I decided to write Chaplin, one of his films I had seen seven years before. ⑥ 从句谓语动词的人称和数与先行词不一致。 I don‘t think it is the only one of the best films that have ever been shown this year. ⑦ 定语从句与强调句型误用。It was not until 1979 when he got happily back to work. ⑧ 定语从句中关系代词前介词的缺失 The boss whose department Ms King worked ten years ago look down upon women. the work I had planned to finish it within a week. All of a sudden the lights went out in the dinning-room, where the guests were having dinner there.

『效果检验』
1. This is the museum where I once visited. 2. The pencil with that he is writing is his. 3. This is the house where I lived in last year. 4. The first book which I read was Gone With the Wind《乱世佳人》. 32

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
5. Everything which we saw there was interesting. 6. She heard a terrible noise, that made her swallow her heart.

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7. The doctor, who the nurse is talking to him, is leaving for Africa next month. 8. Who is the woman who shook hands with you just now? 9. Do you still remember the days we spent together? 10. All what is needed is a supply of oil.

第 六 讲 Part 1:高频词汇、短语及写作佳句
『高频词汇』
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. addict 使上瘾 injure 伤害;损害 affect 影响 ban 禁止; 禁令 likely 可能的 in order ______ 为了 __________ to 属于 pay _______ 还清;得到回报

『高频短语』

『写作佳句』
A. Students should listen more to their classmates, thus they will help and learn from each other, and a friendship is likely to be formed. B. It‘s probable that everyone has his own way to cope with his own problems.

1. There are 30 people _____ in the traffic accident, but the injured ________ rescued at once. A. injured; was A.addict B. injuring; was B.addict to C. injuring; were D.addicting to D. injured; were 2. Tom ____the Internet failed in the exam. C.addicted to 3. —Which team is ____ to win the game? -- In my opinion, it is ______ for our team to win. A. probable; likely A. belongs we feel. A. effects A. So as not to B. affects B. To not C. concludes D. attracts D. In order not to 6. ________ miss the early bus, we should start right now. C. In order to not 7. Believe me, the years of hard work will______ one day. 33 B. possible; probable B. is belonged C. likely; probable D. likely; possible 4. Professor William keeps telling his students that the future ____ to the well-educated. C. is belonging D. will be belonged 5. We always pay attention to the weather because it _____ so directly what we wear, what we do and even how

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
A. pay for B. pay off C. pay back D. pay down

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8. -- There is _____ on using mobile phones at the gas station. -- Do you mean talking on the mobile phone _____ at the gas station? A. a ban; is banned B. ban; banned C. a ban; banned D. ban; is banned

Part 2:语法过关 形容词和副词
上课之前,让我们一起来欣赏一首美妙绝伦的英文歌曲。 歌名叫: 《I Love You》( 爱很简单 英文版)演唱 者:王若琳 。请各位“白富美”与“高富帅”在聆听歌曲的过程中注意歌词中的红色部分,看看这些歌词里 面包含了那些语法现象?

?

I Love You-王若琳
I love you

say we together baby you and me I can only give my life to show you what I am in the breath I breathe I will promise you my heart and give you all you need if you take some time if you tell me you don't need me any more that our love wont last forever noo~ I will ask you for a chance to try again to make our love a little better wo ohh~ I love you say we together baby say we together wo ohh` I need you I need you forever baby you and me You say you hardly know exactly who I am so hard to understand I knew right from the start all the way I felt inside if you read my mind If you tell me you don t need me anymore that our love wont last forever noo~ I will ask you for a chance to try again to make our love a little better wo ohh~ ? I love you I need you I need you forever baby you and me... Remember when you used to hold me remember when you made me cry you said u love me, oh you did. Yes you did.. 34 say we together baby say we together wo ohh~

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
I love you

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say we together baby say we together wo ohh` I need you I need you forever baby you and me. 好听吗? 那么,还记得我刚刚给你们布臵的任务吗?你们能准确告诉我歌词中下划线标记部分的语法现象吗? 其实,刚刚我们所提到的语法现象也是高考英语中必考的高频语法点。今天, “贱叔”就把歌词里面其 中一个语法考点用我独创的“快速高效学习法”给大家进行讲解,讲完之后看疗效,OK?。

『讲透一句』
? ? ? ? I will ask you for a chance to try again to make our love a little better. 该句子中 a little better 涉及到高考中一个重要的考点,即:在比较级前加某些副词表程度。 高考考什么?单选、完形、短文改错 如何应对?So easy? 请看如下技巧点拨

『解题口诀』
? ?
? ? ?

巧记修饰比较级的程度副词 4A 确实仍然没有任何马骑,甚至说怎么走远?
4A-----a lot, a little,a bit,a great deal; 确实-----rather;仍然-----still;没有-----no;任何-----any;马骑-----much(many);甚至-----even; 远-----far。 就这么简单,你记住了吗?啥都不说,咱看疗效

『极速体验』
【2008 海南· 宁夏卷 28】You’re driving too fast. Can you drive A.more slowly a bit C.a bit more slowly A. less B. little B.slowly a bit more D.slowly more a bit cook dinner. C. much D. more ?

【2013 新课标 I 卷】25. Tony seldom boil an egg,still

『考点延伸 1』
?、“否定词+比较级”结构表达最高级意思:
1. ―never +a +比较级+单数名词‖;表示 2. ―can‘t +比较级‖;表示―不能比这更……‖ It can‘t be worse. 不可能更糟糕了。 I can‘t agree more. 我完全同意 ―没……过比这更……‖ I have never heard a better voice than yours. 我从未听过比你更好的嗓音。

『解题口诀』
Never, can’t 很常见,高考考点却很难。 “贱叔”教你一诀窍,保证不变应万变。 首先他俩要出现,其次选项要判断。 选项若是形和副,只需盯着比较看, 找到比较就下手,瞬间秒杀心理欢。

『极速体验』
(2009 年皖南八校三模)—So big a whale!It weighs 10 tons. —Yes,I have never seen_______ one. A.a heavy B.the heaviest C.a heavier D.a heaviest (2011· 全国 II)17.Mr. Stevenson is great to work for----I really couldn?t ask for a_ 35

boss.

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
A. better B. good C. best

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D. still better

『考点延伸 2』表示倍数的四种句型
(1)....times as+原级+as... He can run three times as fast as John. 注意:1.使用该结构时若与名词连用,名词必须放在形容词之后。2.此句式在四种句式中考查最多。 (2)....times the size/length/width/height etc.+of... This table is three times the size of that one. (3)....times+比较级+than... This table is three times bigger than that one. (4)....times+what+it is/ was. The price of vegetables this month is twice what it was last month.

『解题口诀』
倍数表达有四种,考查最多第一种。 as…as 最忠贞,只和原配终此生。 有时考查加难度,名词加在此句型。 此时选择要小心,切记名词形后跟。 其它三种要记忆,不怕一万怕万一。

『极速体验』
(2010 浙江)To our surprise,we got____ people to attend the meeting as we expected. A.as twice B.twice many C.twice many as B.as a tiring day D.day as a tiring as D.twice as many (2010 江苏)I’m not a little tired today after giving the room a thorough cleaning and I have never had ____ today. A.as tiring a day as C.tiring as a day as

『考点延伸 3』---多个形容词作定语时的排列顺序 解题口诀:“限观形令色国材” ,确定顺序倒着来
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ―限‖(限)代表限定词,包括:冠词、指示代词、形容词性物主代词、名词所有格、数词等。 ―观‖(观)代表表示观点的描绘性形容词,如:fine,beautiful,interesting 等。 ―形‖(形)代表表示大小、长短、高低及形状的形容词,如:small,tall,high,little,round 等。 ―令‖(龄)代表表示年龄、新、旧的形容词,如:old,young 等。 ―色‖代表表示颜色的形容词,如:white,black,yellow 等。 ―国‖代表表示国籍、地区、出处的形容词(名词),如:English,American,mountain 等。 ―材‖则代表形成中心名词的材料的形容词,如:stone, wooden,silk,plastic 等。 一座古老漂亮的石头桥 两张新的中国式的木制大圆桌

多个形容词同时修饰同一个名词时,就按上述顺序排列,然后加上中心名词。例如: 1.a fine old stone bridge 2.two big round new Chinese wooden tables

『极速体验』
(2010 江西)It is said that the_______ building was designed by a famous Frenchman ,who has thousands of excellent works all over the world. A.red stone beautiful C.beautiful stone red more than 的用法—高难考点 ?、more than, 1.多余,超过;如:His insolence is more than I can stand. 我受不了他的无礼。 36 B.stone beautiful red D.beautiful red stone

『考点延伸 3』---与 than 相关的高频考点短语

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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2.非常,等于 very;. 如:I am more than happy to be your boyfriend. 3.不只是,不仅仅;如:I am more than a teacher to you. 4. ―more… than…‖ 表示与其。 。 。不如。 。 。 ; He is more lazy than stupid. 与其说他傻,不如说他懒 ?、 rather than …而不是…;与其…倒不如… We'll have the meeting in the classroom rather than in the auditorium. 我们与其在礼堂里开会, 不如在教室开会。 They increased their annual grain production rather than diminished it. (2010 重庆完形) 他们增加了而不是减 少了粮食年产量。 就远原则---主谓一致考点 改错:Tom, rather than his classmates, were elected to be a volunteer in The World Cup being held in Brazil ?、 other than… 除了… Does anybody other than yourself know this? 除你本人之外还有别人知道这事吗? She has no close friends other than him. 除了他以外她没有好朋友。

『极速体验』
(2011· 新课标全国,30) The form cannot be signed by anyone A.rather than (2009.浙江)It took_____ A.other than B.other than B.more than C.more than C.rather than yourself. D.better than D.less than

___ building supplies to build these energy-saving houses. It took brains,too.

『考点延伸 4』---形容词副词的其它高频考点
? 形容词 形容词作状语
形容词作状语表示伴随或结果,并不表达动作的方式。 He returned home,safe and sound.他安然无恙地回到了家。 He went to bed,cold and hungry.他又冷又饿地去睡觉了。 Surprised and happy,he stood up and accepted the prize.又吃惊又高兴,他站起来接受奖品。

can not/never 与 enough 或 too 连用表示:无论怎样都不过分;越……越好。
One can never be too careful in the street.在大街上,你再小心也不为过。 You can not be careful enough/too careful to study.在学习方面,你再细心也不过分。

?

副 词

有些副词置于句首可修饰全句,作评注性状语
Fortunately,he was not drowned and was saved by the PLA.幸运的是,他没被淹死,被解放军救了。 Happily for her,her stepmother was kind to her.使她高兴的是,她的继母对她很好。 Luckily,he was not hurt in the accident.幸运的是,他在这次事故中没有受伤。 Obviously,your answer is absolutely wrong.很显然,你的答案绝对错了。 Naturally,you will want to discuss this problem with your parents.你自然想和你的父母商量一下此事。

熟记下列几句有关形容词、副词的固定搭配
He‘s dead/blind drunk (=very drunk).他喝得酩酊大醉。 37

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
He‘s wide awake.他完全没有睡意。 It‘s raining/snowing heavily.雨/雪下得很大。 He‘s sound/fast asleep.他睡得很沉。

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He‘s moving/breathing/drinking/smoking heavily.他吃力地移动/喘着粗气/酒喝得多/烟抽得多。 The traffic/His moustache is heavy.交通拥挤/他的胡子浓密。 The population of China is larger than that of Japan.中国人口比日本多。 The price of the book is high/low.这本书的价格很高/低。 =The book is expensive/cheap.这本书很贵/便宜。

有些副词还可以作连词, 但作副词时, 常放在句末, 如 though, (ever) since, in case 等
She promised to phone. I heard nothing,though.=Though she promised to phone,I heard nothing. 她答应要打电话来,可我没听到回信儿。 too much,much too too much 所要表达的是 much (多)的意思;much too 所要表达的是 too (太……)的意思。 The teacher gave us too much homework today.老师今天给我们留的作业太多了。 I am much too pleased to see you.见到您,太高兴了。

与比较级有关的结构及运用比较级的注意事项
(1)―比较级+than‖表达一方超过或低于另一方的情况 ? ? You look much younger than I do.你看上去比我年轻多了。 She doesn‘t work harder than you (do).她工作不如你努力。

误区警示:用介词 by 表示相差的程度 She is taller than I by three inches.(=She is three inches taller than I.)她比我高三英寸。 (2)―比较级+and+比较级‖意为―越来越……‖ As summer is coming,the day is becoming longer and longer. (3)―the+比较级……,the+比较级……‖意为―越……就越……‖ The more careful you are,the fewer mistakes you‘ll make. (4)―the+比较级+of the two+名词‖表示―两者中较……的那个‖ The taller of the two boys is my brother. 2(5)使用比较级应注意的问题 ①比较的范围 如果比较的范围不一样,表达方式也应不同。 China is larger than any other_country in_Asia. (比较的范围一致) China is larger than any_country_in_Africa.(比较的范围不一致) ②比较的对象要一致 相同的对象可以比较,不同的对象不能进行比较 The population of China is larger than that of any other country in the world.(人口与人口相比,要用代词 that)

最高级的用法
(1)最高级是表示三者或三者以上中程度最高的比较方式,常用―the+最高级‖的结构表示。这种句式一般常 有比较范围的介词短语。 Zhang Hua is the tallest of the three. 38

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
He works (the) hardest in his class.

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(2)most 前如没有定冠词 the,就没有比较的意思,只是用来加强语气,有―很,非常‖之意。 This is a most interesting story.这是一个很有趣的故事。 (3)最高级可被序数词以及 much,by far,nearly,almost,by no means,not quite,not really,nothing like 等词语所修饰。 Of all the students, Jack‘s oral English is almost the best.在所有的学生中, 杰克的英语口语几乎是最好的。 特别提示:注意 high/highly 等一类词的用法

【2013 安徽】33. It‘s said that the power plant is now A. twice as B. as twice C. twice much

large as what it was. D. much twice

(2011· 江西卷)24.-----The film is , I have to say, not a bit interesting. ---Why? It‘s ______ than the films I have ever seen. A. far more interesting C. no more interesting —I‘ve never had A .a pleasant B. much less interesting D. any less interesting one before. B. a more pleasant C. a most pleasant D. the most pleasant the present one.

(2011· 四川卷)12.—How are your recent trip to Sichuan?

(2011· 陕西卷)17. The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be A. as three times big as C. as big as three times (2009 海南卷 23)How much A.well ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? B.good C.best B. three times as big as D. as big three times as she looked without her glasses! D.Better

(2010 年郑州)—How delicious the noodles are! —Yes. It would taste________ with________ tomatoes. A.better;many B.best;many C.better;more D.best;more

(2009 年南京)—Why don‘t you do some shopping in the secondhand store? —Well,the goods there are________,but________. A.more expensive;worse C.cheaper;good enough B.more expensive;not as bad D.cheaper;not as good

(2009 年皖南)—So big a whale!It weighs 10 tons. —Yes,I have never seen_______ one. A.a heavy A.too much long B. Normally B. less B.the heaviest B.much too long C. Thankfully C. much B. as little as C.a heavier C.long too much D. Conveniently D. more C. as many as D. as much as D.a heaviest D.too long much

(2009 年全国Ⅱ )It‘s high time you had your hair cut;it‘s getting________. (2011· 安徽卷)31. _____, I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end. A. Hopefully A. some A. as few as 【2012 北京】28. Many people have donated that type of blood; however, the blood bank needs _____. 【2013 江西】26.There are a small number of people involved, possibly ______twenty. 【2013 辽宁】33. This is by far ______ movie that I have ever seen. 39

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
A. an inspiring A. less A. a good one A. hopefully


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D. the more inspiring meaningful things to do. D. the most

B. a much inspiring C. the most inspiring B. more B. a better one B. curiously C. the least C. the best one C. occasionally

【2013 天津】 3. I think watching TV every evening is a waste of time----there are

【2013 新课标 II 卷】 9. It may not be a great suggestion. But before ______ is put forward, we‘ll make do with it. D. a best one D. gradually large as what it was. D. much twice 【2013 浙江】6.If we leave right away, ______, we‘ll arrive on time. 【2013 安徽】33. It s said that the power plant is now A. twice as B. as twice C. twice much

Part 3:活学活用---形容词、副词单句改错专练
『常见错误类型』
1. 理解形容词的作用: 形容词作定语,修饰名词,a careful man ;或形容词作表语,描述主语,The man is careful;形容词作宾补描述宾语的状况, I find the man careful。-ed 型形容词和-ing 型形容词的误用。 2.理解副词的作用:修饰动词,虽然可能会离动词有很远的距离,do everything you‘re asked to do carefully; 修饰形容词和其它副词,pretty careful, pretty carefully 3.注意部分行近副词的差异, jump high, think highly of ; stand close to, study the problem closely; open wide, be widely used ; 4.注意 as…as 之间用原级; …than 要用比较级,注意用 er,est 还是 more, most,尤其是在本身已是比 较级的词前误加 more;三者相比使用最高级。 5. 注意形容词副词原级和比较级最高级不同的修饰词 very / pretty / rather/ quite + 形/副 原级 far, much, even, still + 比较级,much bigger; 6. 7. what 和 how 的误用 地点副词前误加介词

『效果检验』
1. Lucky, I was not in the city when the earthquake happened there. 2. Many Chinese experts have been sent to abroad. 3. When his best friend left, he felt alone. 4. The sooner you do it, better it will be. 5. My watch is missed. 6. Hearing the news, he felt silently. 7. Try to make as fewer mistakes as you can. 9. I am sure we‘ll have a wonderfully time together. 10. The students were deep moved by what he said.

第 七 讲 Part 1:高频词汇、短语及写作佳句
40

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义 『高频词汇』
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. scenery 景色;风景 observe 观察;注意到 lose 失去;丢失 stand 忍受 alive 有活力的;有生气的

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『高频短语』
1. 过去常常做…._____________________ 2. bring 3. put 抚养;提出;呕吐 推迟

『写作佳句』
A. Anyhow, different cultures, different customs. Only when you observe them, will you enjoy more of your stay there. B. Some people used to hold the idea that there was enough drinking water in the world, thus, there was no need to save water in their daily life.

1. The scientist______ the behavior of the mice after they were given the drug. A.looked A. perform A. walking B.observed B. possess B. is walking C.noticed C. observe C. walked D.Watched D. support D. to walk 2. Though having lived abroad for years, many Chinese still ______ the traditional customs. 3. She observed a man _____ on the opposite of the street. 4. -- What a pity! The tickets for the football match have been sold out. --- Don‘t worry. You can watch ________ on TV. A. the game alive B. the living game C. the live game D. the game living 5. I ______ in the house which ____ books and magazines. A. am used to live; used to keeping C. having been used to living; was used to keep 6. Never ___ till tomorrow what may be done today. A. put up country. A.sight A. brought up B.scene B. brought out C.view C. brought down D.scenery D. brought in 8. Young children should be ____ to be honest and equal. B. put off C. put out D. put on 7. Seeing the happy______ of children playing in the park,I’m full of joy and confidence in the future of our B. used to live; has been used to keeping D. used to live; is used to keep

Part 2:语法过关 状语从句
『基本概念及分类』
状语从句主要用来修饰主句或主句的谓语。一般可分为九大类,分别表示时间、地点、原因、目的、 41

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
结果、条件、让步、比较和方式。

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『考情分析』
尽管种类较多,但由于状语从句与汉语结构和用法相似,所以理解和掌握它并不难。状语从句的关键 是要掌握引导不同状语从句的常用连接词和特殊的连接词即考点。

『考点透析』
1.时间状语从句 常用引导词:when, as, while, as soon as, while, before, after, since , till, until 特殊引导词:the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the day,the instant, immediately , directly, no sooner …than, hardly …when, scarcely … when I didn‘t realize how special my mother was until I became an adult. While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking. The children ran away from the orchard(果园) the moment they saw the guard. No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain. Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble. 2.地点状语从句 常用引导词:where 特殊引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere Generally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories. Wherever you go, you should work hard. 3.原因状语从句 常用引导词:because, since, as 特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that, considering that, inasmuch as, insomuch as My friends dislike me because I‘m handsome and successful. Now that everybody has come, let‘s begin our conference. The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people from trying to earn more. Considering that he is no more than 12 years old, his height of 1.80 m is quite remarkable. 4.目的状语从句 常用引导词:so that, in order that 特殊引导词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the purpose that, to the end that The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he could sign them. The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the back could hear more clearly. 5.结果状语从句 常用引导词:so … that, so… that, such … that, 特殊引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that, He got up so early that he caught the first bus. It‘s such a good chance that we must not miss it. To such an degree was he excited that he couldn‘t sleep last night. 6.条件状语从句 常用引导词:if, unless, 特殊引导词:as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, suppose that, in case that, on condition that We‘ll start our project if the president agrees. 42

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
You will certainly succeed so long as you keep on trying.

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Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here. 7. 让步状语从句 常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though 特殊引导词: as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装),while ( 一般用在句首 ),no matter …, in spite of the fact that, while, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever Much as I respect him, I can‘t agree to his proposal. 尽管我很尊敬他, 我却不同意他的建议。 The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough. No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind. He won‘t listen whatever you may say. 8.比较状语从句 常用引导词:as(同级比较), than(不同程度的比较) 特殊引导词: the more … the more … ; just as …, so…; A is to B what /as X is to Y; no … more than; not A so much as B She is as bad-tempered as her mother. The house is three times as big as ours. The more you exercise, the healthier you will be. Food is to men what oil is to machine. 食物之于人,犹如油之于机器。 9. 方式状语从句 常用引导词:as, as if, how 特殊引导词:the way When in Rome, do as the Roman do. She behaved as if she were the boss. Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us.

1. Don‘t be afraid of asking for help _______ it is needed. A. unless A. when B. since B. unless C. although C. after D. when D. until C. As long as C. as long as D. while D. unless 2. A good storyteller must be able to hold his listeners‘ curiosity __ he reaches the end of the story. 3. _______ I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it. A. Even though A. even if B. Unless B. as though 4 You will succeed in the end ____ you give up halfway. 5. ---―Was his father very strict with him when he was at school?‖ ---―Yes. He had never praised him _______ he became one of the top students in his grade.‖ A. after A. However A. where B. unless C. until D. when C. Whichever C. at D. for them D. Whoever 6. _____ I suggest, he always disagrees. B. Whatever B. in which 7. You should put on the notices ______ all the people may see them. 8. _____ she goes, there are crowds of people waiting to see her. 43

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
A. Wherever A. while A. Whatever A. Now that A. first time A. in case A. that A. when A. So long as A. While A. As long as A. Whatever A. which A. if B. As B. However B. as soon as B. What B. After C. Whichever C. suddenly C. Whichever C. Although

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D. Whoever

9. Mary clapped her hand over her mouth _______ she realized what she had said. D. then D. Whenever D. As soon as C. the first time D. when D. by the first time 10. ________ her faults, she‘s Arnold‘s mother. Don‘t be so rude to her. 11. ____ you‘re got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. 12. I thought she was the very girl that I should marry _______ I met her. B. for the first time B. so that B. where B. that 13. Don‘t play by the river _______ you fall in and drown! C. in order that C. which C. how D. when D. which C. Since D. Because C. Just as C. However D. as if D. even when D. Even if D. Wherever D. While 14. Why do you want a new job ____ you‘ve got such a good one already? 15. He is better than _______ I last visited him. 16. _______ the punishment was unjust, he accepted it without complaint. B. Even though C. Since B. As far as B. Whenever B. when B. even 17. ________ the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them. 18. _______ I can see, there is only one possible way to keep away from the danger. 19. _______ rich one may be, there is always something one wants. 20. John shut everybody out of the kitchen _______ he could prepare his big surprise for the party. C. so that C. though 21. Mr Zhang is mild in character. He never shouts ____ he is very angry.

【2013 北京】30. I took my driving license with me on holiday, A. in case government. A. to be tested A. although B. being tested B. before C. tested C. because B. even if C. ever since

I wanted to hire a car.

D. if only

. 【2013 福建】 32. Anyone, once _______ positive for H7N9 flu virus, will receive free medical treatment from our D. to test D. unless it is discovered, will create many D. whichever C. after C. asking D. when D. having asked

【2013 湖南】23. You must learn to consult your feelings and your reason ________ you reach any decision. 【2013 江苏】28. In the global economy, a new drug for cancer, economic possibilities around the world. A. whatever 【2013 江西】28. A. if 【2013 江西】34. A. asked 44 B. whoever B. unless B. to ask C. wherever She says that she‘ll have to close the shop ________ business improves. If _____ to look after luggage for someone else, inform the police at once.

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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【2013 浙江】19. There are some health problems that, when ______ in time, can become bigger ones later on. A. not treated A. how A. unless A. Whatever A. since A. even if 【2013 天津】5. A. As 【2013 重庆】25. A. Once A. unless B. not being treated B. what B. until C. although C. not to be treated C. when D. not have been treated 【2013 辽宁】24. One can always manage to do more things, no matter _______ full one ‘s schedule is in life. D. where D. since D. However I came back from abroad. 【2013 山东】26. Mark needs to learn Chinese _______ his company is opening a branch in Beijing. 【2013 山东】28. _________I have to give a speech, I get extremely nervous before I start. B. Whenever B. until B. as if B. If B As long as B. when C. Unless C. even though C. Whoever C. before D. before C. Although D. Since you have similar interests. D. so that another D. Once D. when 【2013 陕西】18. I have heard a lot of good things about you

【2013 四川】7.He was so busy. He cannot afford enough time with his son _____ he wants to. C. because small, the company has about 1,000 buyers in over 30 countries. we have enough evidence, we can't win the case.

【2013 安徽】23.It‘s much easier to make friends

【2013 新课标 I 卷】32.There‘s no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery man, also intelligent, fails. A. since A. for B. or B: if C. but C. as D. so D. while with awareness and self-control, it is possible. 【2013 重庆】23. It's not easy to change habits,

Part 3:活学活用---状语从句单句改错专练
『常见错误类型』
①从句中连接词的缺失或误用(尤其注意 so…that…结构的误用) It has been five years when we graduated, but those memories are as sweet as ever before. I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf. ②状语从句与并列句的混淆(but 与 though, although 不能同时用) In the past few years when we‘ve planted thousands of trees along the river. Though I was very careful, but I still made some mistake. ③状语从句和强调句的混淆。 It was about noon we arrived at the foot of the mountain. It was at about noon when we arrived at the foot of the mountain. ④在时间和条件状语从句中,常用现在时态代替将来时态,will 常多余。 When they will come, I will tell them the news. ⑤比较状语从句中比较对象不一致 The playground of our school is larger than of their school.

『效果检验』
1. I'll let you know as soon as they will arrive. 2. If it won't rain tomorrow, we'll have a picnic. 3. They had written three letters since they came back. 4. By the time we got home, I have forgotten all about it. 5. The light went out while we are having supper. 45

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
6. So far I know, there are five people killed in the accident. 7. Since that everybody is here, let's start our class. 8. I am happy as long as you happy. 9. It is a long time after I saw you last time.

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10. The young soldier was taken to the hospital because of he had been wounded seriously on the battlefield.

第 八 讲 Part 1:高频词汇、短语及写作佳句
『高频词汇』
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. adopt 采纳;采用 consider 考虑;认为 occasionally 偶尔;有时候 argue 争论 belief 信念;信条 because as a result ? ?因为;由于 ? 爱上;喜欢(表状态)

『高频短语』
1.

2. be in love

3._________one‘s surprise令某人吃惊的是

『写作佳句』
A.For another,bicycles are environmentally friendly because they won‘t give off waste gas. B.Thanks to the comforting smile in my first morning class,I began to be confident. C.At last,let‘s hope this competition will be a great success due to your hard work and full warmth.

1. His suggestion has been______ by people in many parts of the world. A.adopting B.adopted C.adapted D.Adapting 2. --- You don‘t go to that supermarket quite often, do you? ---No,I only go there _____ because it‘s too far away from my house. A. eventually B. constantly C. occasionally D. Frequently 3. --- What is going on over there? --- They are arguing _____ each other ___ private affairs. A. about; with A. in; to A. because of B. with; about B. to; by C. to; in C. with; with D. in; in C. in case of D. in terms of D. about; about 4. Much ____ my surprise, every student looked at me ___ surprise when i came into the classroom. 5. Many students make great progress in listening ____ the large amount of time devoted to it. B. instead of 6. —Do you know how long —For about five years. Mary before they got married?

46

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
A.had he been in love with C.he had been in love with 7. —Which team do you think will win? —My A.advice A. to invent is that the visiting team will win. B.confidence B. inventing C.belief

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B.had he fallen in love with D.he had fallen in love with

D.determination D. to have invented

8. He was considered ___________ the first computer. C. having invented

Part 2:语法过关 动词的时态与语态 动词的时态
『基本概述』
英语中表示不同时间发生的动作或存在的状态,需用不同的动词形式表示,这种不同的动词形式称为 时态(tense) 。 英语动词的时态,按动作发生的先后顺序,可分为现在、过去、将来和过去将来四个时间;按动作发 生的方式,又可分为一般式、进行式、完成式和完成进行式四种类型。每一种时态与每一种类型相结合, 组成了英语动词的整个时态体系。现以 write 为例列表如下: 一般式 现 在 Write writes have written has 完成式 进行式 am is writing are was 过 去 shall 将 来 过 去 将 来 write will will should write would would should have written would shall have written will should be writing would wrote had wriiten were shall be writing shall have been writing will should have been writing writing had been writing have been writing has 完成进行式

『考点透析』
1、一般现在时 考点一:表示永恒的真理,即使出现在过去的语境中,仍用一般现在时。如: I learned that the earth goes around the sun when I was in primary school. 考点二:主将从现、主祈从现、主情从现(重点考查) 在时间和条件状语从句中,代替一般将来时;常用的引导词有:时间:when, until, after, before, as soon as, once, the moment/the minute, the day; 条件:if, unless, provided. If he accepts the job, he will get more money soon. 考点三:在 the more… the more … (越……越……) 句型中, 若主句是一般将来时, 从句通常用一般现在时。 47

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
The harder you study, the better results you will get.

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考点四:表示按照时刻表或已经安排或计划好的将来的动作,常用一般现在时表将来。只限少数几个动词: go, come, leave, start 等。 (重点考查) The train starts at 10 o' clock in the morning.火车在上午 10 点发车。 Supper is at 5 today.今天五点开晚饭。 2、现在进行时 考点一:与频率副词,如 always,constantly,continually,again 等连用表示说话人的某种感情色彩(赞叹、 厌烦、埋怨等) 。 The little boy is always making trouble. 考点二: 表示在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作(这时多有表示将来的时间状语) 。 Marry is leaving on Friday. 考点三:通常只能用一般现在时而不用进行时的动词 并非所有的动词都有进行时,如表状态、感情、感觉的动词,通常只能用一般现在时而不用进行时,因为 这些动词不能表示一个正在进行的动作, 如 know, love, hate, want, like, see, hear, taste, smell, have( 有), be 等。 The food tastes delicious !饭很香! (正) I like English very much.我喜欢学英语。 (正) 3、现在完成时(重点考查) 表示动作发生在过去,完成在过去,但强调与现在情况仍有联系,其结果或影响仍存在。现在完成时有一 些标志性的时间状语: 考点一:for + 时间段;since + 时间点 They have lived in Beijing for five years. I have learned English for ten years. 考点二:常见的不确定的时间状语:lately; recently, just, already, yet, up to now; till now; so far, these days, Has it stopped raining yet ? 考点三:在表示―最近几世纪/ 年/ 月以来……‖时间状语中,谓语动词用现在完成时。 in the past few years/months/weeks/days;over the past few years; during the last three months; for the last few centuries, through centuries; throughout history 等 考点四:表示―第几次做某事,‖其句型结构为“It(This) is(will be ) the first/second/third…time+ that 从句” 中在这种从句中,当主句动词为 is/will be 时,that-从句的动词用现在完成时,that 可以省略。主句中的主 语还可用 this, this evening 等; 这种结构中的 first 也可用其他序数词;time 也可由其他名词替代。 考点五:―It is the best (worst, most interesting ) +名词 +that‖ 从句后面跟现在完成时。 This is my first time that I have visited China. This is the most interesting film I have ever seen. That is the only book that he has written. 考点六:现在完成时与一般过去时的区别 现在完成时与一般过去时都表示完成的动作,但现在完成时强调这一动作对现在造成的影响或结果, 强调的是现在的情况,所以它不能和表示过去的时间状语连用,如 yesterday, last night, three weeks ago, in1990 等。而一般过去时则表示过去的动作或状态,和现在不发生关系,它可以和表示过去的时间状语连 用。 I have seen the film.我看过这部电影。 (我了解这部电影的内容) I saw the film last week.我上星期看了这个电影。 (只说明上星期看了这个电影,不涉及现在的情况) 考点七:表示短暂意义的动词,如 open, go, come, die, leave, arrive, begin, return, stop 等,不能与表示一段时 间的状语连用。如要表达"他离开这儿已经 3 年了"这一意思时,不能说" He has left here for three years. "而 要把其中的动词换为延续性动词或用其他表达法。如上句可用下列方式表达: 48 They have lived in Beijing since 1995. The food is tasting delicious.(误) I am liking English very much. (误)

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
He has been away from here for three years. He left here three years ago. It is three years since he left here.

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考点八:have/has been to 表示到过某个地方,而 have/has gone to 表示已经去了某处。 He has been to the Great Wall.他到过长城。(现在他已不在长城)

He has gone to the Great Wall.他去长城了。(现在他不在此地)
4.一般过去时 表在过去某个特定时间发生且完成的动作,或过去习惯性动作,不强调对现在的影响,只说明过去。常跟 明确的过去时间连用, 如: yesterday; last week; in 1945, at that time; once; during the war; before; a few days ago; when, 注意: 考点一:used to + do,表示过去经常但现在已不再维持的习惯动作。to 为不定式,后接动词原形。 be/become/get used to + doing,表示习惯于 He used to smoke a lot. He has got used to getting up early. 考点二:无时间状语或标志词,需要根据语境进行判断(重点考查) Hi, Tom, it‘s you. I A. don‘t know 5. 过去进行时(重点考查) 表示过去某个时间点或某段时间内正在发生的动作。 The boy was doing his homework when his father came back from work. He was taking a walk leisurely by the lake when he heard someone shouted for help. The radio was being repaired when you called me. 6. 过去完成时 表示过去某个时间之前已经完成的动作,即过去完成时的动作发生在―过去的过去‖,句中有明显的参照动 作或时间状语,这种时态从来不孤立使用 ( before, after, by, up till ) There had been 25 parks in our city up till 2000. By the end of last term we had finished the book. They finished earlier than we had expected. 考点一:用于 hardly/scarcely...when; no sooner ...than 句型中,主句用过去完成时,从句用一般过去时。 I had hardly finished my work when he came to see me. I had no sooner got into the room than it began to snow. No sooner had I arrived home than the telephone rang. (注意主谓倒装) 考点二:表示 ― 第几次做某事 ‖ ,主句用过去时,从句用过去完成时。其句型结构为 “It(This) was the first/second/third…time+ that+ had done” That was the second time that she had seen her grandfather. It was 3 years since we had parted。 考点三:动词 hope, expect, think, intend, mean, want, suppose, plan 用过去完成时,表示未实现的愿望、打算 和意图。 I had hoped that I could do the job. I had intended to see you but I was too busy. 考点四:It was+时间段+since+主语+had done 比较:It is+时间段+since+主语+did 7. 一般将来时 表在将来某个时间会发生的动作或情况。常和 tomorrow, next year, in 2008 等表示将来的时间状语连用,其 49 you were in Chengdu. B. haven‘t know C. didn‘t know D. hadn‘t know

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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表现形式多达 5 种。Beijing will host the 29th Olympic Games in 2008. 考点一:一般将来时总是用在一些时间状语从句或条件状语从句的主句中: We will begin our class as soon as the teacher comes. 考点二:某些表示短暂性动作的动词如 arrive, come, go, leave, start 等,用现在进行时形式表示将来。 I am leaving for Beijing tomorrow. 考点三:―祈使句 + and/or + 句子‖,这种结构中 and 后面的句子谓语用一般将来时。 Use your head and you will find a way. 考点四:―am (is, are) about to + 动词原形‖表示按照预定计划或打算准备着手进行的动作。它不与表示时间 的副词或其他时间状语连用。 The English evening is about to start.英语晚会即将开始。 They are about to set out.(不能说,They are about to set out soon) The ship is about to sail. 考点五:―am (is, are) to + 动词原形‖表示约定的、计划中的或按职责、义务要求要发生的动作,这种动作 通常是人的意志所能控制的,或用于征求意见。 There's to be a slide show this afternoon.今天下午要放幻灯。 You are to hand in your papers by 10 o'clock.到 10 点你得交上试卷。 If a man is to succeed, he must work as hard as he can.一个人要想成功,他就必须拼命干。 They are to be married in this May. 8、将来进行时(新教材重点考查时态) 表将来某个时间正在发生的动作,或按计划一定会发生的事情。 I‘ll be doing my homework this time tomorrow. 明天这会我正在写作业。 The President will be meeting the foreign delegation at the airport. 9、将来完成时 表在将来某时刻之前业已完成的事情,时间状语非常明显。 考点一: 常用的时间状语一般用 by+将来的时间。 如: by the end of this year, by 8 o‘clock this evening, by March next year 以及由 by the time…, before 或 when 等引导的副词从句。 By the end of next month, he will have traveled 1000 miles on foot. By the time you reach the station, the train will have left. 10、现在完成进行时(重点考查) 1、概述 现在完成进行时表示到现在为止一直进行的动作,这个动作可能仍在进行,也可能停止了。 -Hi, Tracy, you look tired. -I am tired. I have been painting the living room all day. 2、构成 现在完成进行时由―助动词 have/has +been+ v-ing‖构成;否定形式 have/has +not+been+ v-ing;疑问形式 是将 have/has 提前。 The Chinese have been making paper for two thousand years.中国人造纸已有 2000 年历史了。 I have been telling him to study hard.我一直告诉他学习要更加刻苦才是。 3、现在完成进行时的用法 (1)表示一个动作从过去某时开始,一直延续到说话时候刚结束。 I have been waiting you for about one hour.我等你大约一个小时了。(说话时"等"的动作刚结束) She has been working all night long.她工作了一夜。 (2) 表示从过去某时开始的动作一直延续到说话时还在继续进行,并有可能延续下去的动作。 常和 for, since 引导的时间状语连用。 They have been living here for 10 years. 50

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
It has been raining for 3 days. (3)表示重复(只断断续续,而非一直不停)

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We‘ve been discussing the matter several times this year.我们今年已数次讨论那件事。 I have been saying goodbye to some friends today.我今天同好几个朋友告了别。 3、现在完成时与现在完成进行时的比较 (1)现在完成时表示到现在为止已经完成,或者在过去曾经发生过的动作;现在完成时往往表示仍将继 续下去的动作。 I have written an article.我写了一篇文章。 (已完成) I have been writing an article.我一直在写一篇文章。 (还在写)

动词的语态
概述 语态是动词的一种形式,用来说明主语和谓语的关系。英语的动词可分为主动语态(active voice)和被动 语态(passive voice)。主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者,被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。 A letter was typed by her.(被动,主语 A letter 是 typed 动作的承受者) The girl is taken care of by Granny. (被动,主语 The girl 是 take care of 动作的承受者)

考点透析
一、被动语态的构成形式 1. 被动语态的基本时态变化 被动语态通常为十种时态的被动形式, 被动语态由 be+过去分词构成,be 随时态的变化而变化。以 do 为例,各种时态的被动语态形式为: 1) am/is/are +done (过去分词) 一般现在时 Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits. 2) has /have been done 现在完成时 All the preparations for the task have been completed, and we're ready to start. 3) am/is /are being done 现在进行时 A new cinema is being built here. 4) was/were done 一般过去时 I was given ten minutes to decide whether I should reject the offer. 5) had been done 过去完成时 By the end of last year, another new gymnasium had been completed in Beijing. 6) was/were being done 过去进行时 例 A meeting was being held when I was there. 7) shall/will be done/ be going to be done/ be about to be done/ be to be to done 一般将来时 例 Hundreds of jobs will be lost if the factory closes. 8) should/would be done/ was\were going to be done/ was\were about to be done/was\were to be to done 一般将来时 The news would be sent to the soldier's mother as soon as it arrived. 9) shall/will have been done 将来完成时(少用) The project will have been completed before July. 10) should/would have been done 过去将来完成时(少用) He told me that his new clothes would have been made very soon. 51

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易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
2. 被动语态的特殊结构形式

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1)在使役动词 have, make, get 以及感官动词 see, watch, notice, hear, feel, observe 等后面不定式作宾语 补语时,在主动结构中不定式 to 要省略,但变为被动结构时,要加 to。 例 Someone saw a stranger walk into the building. 可改为 A stranger was seen to walk into the building 2) 一些表示“据说”或“相信”的动词如 believe, consider, expect, report, say, suppose, think 等可以用于句 型“It+be+过去分词+that 从句”或“主语+be+过去分词+to do sth.”。有: It is said that… 据说,It is reported that…据报道, It is believed that…大家相信, It is hoped that…大家希望, It is well known that…众所周知,It is thought that…大家认为,It is suggested that…据建议。 It is said that the boy has passed the national exam. (=The boy is said to have passed the national exam. ) 二、谓语动词的主动形式表示被动意义 1.英语中有很多动词如 break,catch,clean,drive,lock,open,sell,read,write,wash 等,当它 们被用作不及物动词来描述主语特征时,常用其主动形式 表达被动意义,主语通常是物。 This kind of cloth washes well. 2. 表示“发生、进行”的不及物动词和短语,如:happen, last, take place, break out, come out, come about, come true, run out, give out, turn out 等以主动形式表示被动意义。 How do the newspapers come out? 这些报纸是如何引出来的呢? 3. 系动词没有被动形式, 但有些表示感受、感官的连系动词 feel, sound, taste, book, feel 等在主系表结 构中常以主动形式表示被动意义。 Your reason sounds reasonable. 四、非谓语动词的主动形式表被动意义 在某些句型中可用动名词和不定式的主动形式表被动意义 。 1. 在 need,want,require, bear 等词的后面,动名词用主动形式表示被动意义,其含义相当于动词 不定式的被动形式。The house needs repairing(to be repaired) .这房子需要修理。 2. 形容词 worth 后面跟动名词的主动形式表示被动含义,但不能跟动词不定式;而 worthy 后面跟 动词不定式的被动形式。 The picture-book is well worth reading. (=The picture-book is very worthy to be read. ) 3. 动词不定式在名词后面作定语,不定式和名词之间有动宾关系时,又和句中另一名词或代词构成主 谓关系, 不定式的主动形式表示被动含义。 I have a lot of things to do this afternoon. (to do 与 things 是动宾关系,与 I 是主谓关系。) 试比较:I‘ll go to the post office. Do you have a letter to be posted? ( 此处用不定式的被动语态作定语表 明 you 不是 post 动作的执行者。) 4. 在某些“形容词+不定式”做表语或宾语补足语的结构中, 句子的主语或宾语又是动词不定式的逻辑 宾语时, 这时常用不定式的主动形式表达被动意义。 这些形容词有 nice, easy, fit, hard, difficult, important, impossible,pleasant,interesting 等。 This problem is difficult to work out .(可看作 to work out 省略了 for me). 5. 在 be to do 结构中的一些不定式通常应用主动表主动, 被动表被动。 然而,由于古英语的影响,下列动 词 rent, blame, let 等仍用不定式的主动形式表示被动意义。 Who is to blame for starting the fire? 五、介词 in, on, under 等+名词构成介词短语表被动意义 表示方位的介词与含动作意义的名词合用,含被动之义,其意义相当于该名词相应动词的被动形式, 名词前一般不用冠词。 1. “under +名词”结构,表示“某事在进行中”。常见的有:under control(受控制), under treatment (在治疗中), under repair(在修理中), under discussion(在讨论中), under construction(在施工中) 。 The building is under construction( is being constructed). 52

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义

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2.“beyond+名词”结构, “出乎……胜过……、 范围、 限度”。 常见的有:beyond belief (令人难以置信), beyond one’s reach(鞭长莫及) ,beyond one’s control(无法控制) ,beyond our hope. 我们的成功始料 不及。 The rumor is beyond belief(=can‘t be believed) . 3.“above+名词”结构, 表示“(品质、行为、能力等) 超过……、高于……”。 His honest character is above all praise.=His honest character cannot be praised enough. 4.“for+名词”结构,表示 “适于……、 为着……”。如:for sale(出售), for rent(出租)等。 That house is for sale. (= That house is to be sold). 5.“in+名词”结构 ,表示“在…过程中或范围内”常见的有:in print(在印刷中) ,in sight(在视野范 围内),等。 例 The book is not yet in print.(=is not yet printed) 6. “on+名词”结构, 表示“在从事…… 中”。 常见的有: on sale(出售), on show (展出) , on trial (受审) 。 Today some treasures are on show in the museum (= are being showed).

【2013 北京】23. Shakespeare‘s play Hamlet A. had been made B. was made 【2013 北京】25. --- Do you think Mom and Dad --- No, Swiss Air is usually on time. A. were A. expect B. will be C. would be

into at least ten different films over the past years. C. has been made late? D. would be made

D. have been us.

【2013 北京】28. Hurry up! Mark and Carl 【2013 北京】32. --- So what is the procedure? --- All the applicants A. interview

B. are expecting C. have expected D. will expect before a final decision is made by the authority. B. are interviewing C. are interviewed D. are being interviewed

【2013 福建】23. The famous musician, as well as his students, _______ to perform at the opening ceremony of the 2012 Taipei Flower Expo. A. were invited three years. A. took smile. A. have been A. bothers A. does B. am B. had bothered B. had been done C. was C. would bother C. will do D. will be D. bothered D. is done 【2013 湖南】24. Around two o‘clock every night, Sue will start talking in her dream. It somewhat __ ______ us. 【2013 湖南】26. If nothing ________, the oceans will turn into fish deserts. 【2013 湖南】27. — Have you heard about the recent election? — Sure, it ________ the only thing on the news for the last three days. A. would be B. is C. has been D. will be 【2013 湖南】34. — I don‘t understand why you didn‘t go to the lecture yesterday afternoon. —I‘m so sorry. But I _________ my homework. 53 B. is taking C. takes D. has been taking 【2013 湖南】 22. ―What do you want to be?‖ asked Mrs. Crawford. ―Oh, I _______ president,‖ said the boy, with a B. was invited C. have been invited D. has been invited 【2013 福建】26. The girl has a great interest in sport and ______ badminton classes twice a week over the last

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
A. had done development. A. is —Sure. I B. are a report at home. B. will have written C. have written a rough ride. C. was D. were 【2013 江苏】25. —Could I use your car tomorrow morning? A. will be writing B. was doing C. would do

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D. am doing _ essential to their

【2013 江苏】 21. Generally, students‘ inner motivation with high expectations from others _

D. have been writing

【2013 江苏】34. —What about your self-drive trip yesterday? —Tiring! The road is being widened, and we A. had 【2013 江西】35. A. come A. has had B. have C. would have B. came B. had had C. has B. will be improved D. have had C. am coming D. had C. is improved D. was D. was coming

I ________ to visit you later that day, but I had to phone and cancel.

【2013 辽宁】22. He was unhappy when he sold his guitar. After all, he ______ it for a very long time. 【2013 辽宁】30. We are confident that the environment ______ by our further efforts to reduce pollution. A. had been improved improved 【2013 山东】24. I didn‘t think I‘d like the movie, but actually it _____ pretty good. A. has been B. was C. had been D. would be 【2013 山东】27. — Oh no! We‘re too late. The train _______. — That‘s Ok. We‘ll catch the next train to London. A. was leaving B. had left C. has left D. has been leaving me an hours to drive to work although the actual 【2013 陕西】11. On Monday mornings it usually distance is only 20 miles. A. takes went blank. A. watched A. waits A. had repaired 【2013 新课标 II 卷】7. We A. leave B. had left 【2013 新课标 I 卷】24. If we A. hadn't acted B. had watched B. was waiting B. have repaired C. were leaving C. was watching C. waited C. repaired D.have left D. would be watching D. is waiting one of the main pipes. D. are repairing 【2013 四川】3.Hurry up, kids! The school bus _____ for us! 【2013 天津】 13. The water supply has been cut off temporarily because the workers very early so we packed the night before. now to protect the environment, we‘ll live to regret it. my mind. B. is taking C. took D. will take 【2013 陕西】 17. Jim a late night film at home when, right in the middle of a thrilling scene, the television

B. haven't acted C. don't act D. won't act C. had changed D. would change

【2013 新课标 I 卷】27.When I first met Bryan I didn‘t like him, but I A. have changed B. change ______ sharply. A. was increasing A. go B. went B. has increased C. had gone C. had increased D. have gone

【2013 浙江】10. During the last three decades, the number of people participating in physical fitness programs D. will be increasing

【2013 重庆】21. I felt very tired when I got home, and I 【2013 重庆】33. A Midsummer Night's Dream 54

straight to bed.

at the Theatre Royal on 19th June, and then tours throughout

Never give up, and you can make it!!

易森.状元郎高考文化培训英语讲义
Scotland. A. opens A. advertised B. is opened C. will open

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D. will be opened the other day. Could you tell me more about it? C. are advertising D. will advertise

【2013 安徽】24. I‘m calling about the apartment you B. had advertised

Part 3:活学活用---动词时态语态单句改错专练
『效果检验』
1. The teacher told that the sun rose in the east. 2. I will speak to him when I will see him next Sunday. 3. I will get everything ready before my boss come back. 4. Does your mother has lunch at home? 5. He was writing a letter at the moment, I believe. 6. He can't be waiting us. 7. I am looking at the sky, and I see a strange star. 8. I haven't seen her since two months. 9. She has gone to Beijing several times. 10. Jane is doing some cleaning this time yesterday.

To Continue Love me, love my English

55

Never give up, and you can make it!!


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