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英语介绍德国


Germany

?Brief introduction of Germany ?Heidelberg University ?RWTH Aachen University

Brief introduction --Germany’s location
Germany
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Cornflower (National flower) National emblem

Brief introduction

White stork (National bird)

Amber (National stone)

Heidelberg University

Student Prison
? The University of Heidelberg has a long tradition as a centre of learning, but students at the 500-year-old university have often taken the view that “all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.” ?One of the common offences ? Citizens complaints about had to do with drunk and releasing the carousing students led the pigs of the farmers into the town. Squealing and defecating the university to open a pigs running through the streets student prison, where academic miscreant were were not appreciated. However, kept off the streets for 3 public drunkenness was probably days to 4 weeks at a time. a more commom offence as well as disrespect for public officials.

Student Prison
The prison is about the size of a large apartment, with a door that once allowed students to enter the Old University for classes during their confinement. The student had to bring whatever they needed for a In this cell, you can see a desk comfortable stay, including and chair with an iron bedstead bedding, food and a keg of along the righthand wall. beer. A local dog poses next to a cell in Heidelberg University's student prison.

Student Prison
In the days before video karaoke, To amuse themselves the students created their inmates at the University of Heidelberg's student prison relied onown graffiti on the walls. wall cartoons for singalong music. Although periodically whitewashed, the most recent year layer of 19th century wall art has remained.

History of Heidelberg University
In 1386, Elector Palatine established the university with the Pope’s permission in his residential city of Heidelberg. The first professors came from Paris and Prague. The Dutch scholar Elector Palatine became the first Rector of the new university.

History of Heidelberg University

The university’s golden age lasted until 1618, the onset of the Thirty Year’s War. In 1622 Heidelberg’s world-famous library was confiscated and taken to Rome.

Heidelberg University Seal
Saint Peter---the patron saint

Co-ruler and successor Ruprecht Ⅱ

Elector Ruprecht Ⅰ

RWTH Aachen University

History of RWTH Aachen University
? In 1870 the "Royal Rhenish-Westphalian Polytechnical School of Aachen" was founded. Its primary purpose was to educate engineers for the mining industry in the Ruhr area. At its beginning there were 32 teachers and 223 students. ? In 1880 it became a "Technical University" (or college, as there was still a non-'universal' technical bias) and was abbreviated "RWTH". In 1899 it was granted the right to bestow PhD degrees. ? World War I was a serious setback for the university, but between 1925 and 1932 was a period of prosperity and expansion. Previous student numbers were reached again and many new facilities were built.

History of RWTH Aachen University
? During the Third Reich (1933–1945) RWTH was – like all other institutions – assimilated by the Nazis: The freedom of research and teaching was limited, leading lecturers were forced to quit and many students had to leave the university. Due to the vicinity of the borders to the Netherlands and Belgium the university was closed for a year during World War II. ? After the war, the RWTH recovered and expanded very quickly. Some new faculties came into existence. ? In 1995 the RWTH was haunted by Third Reich history. It turned out that the previous rector "Hans Schwerte" (rector for the short duration of 1970 - 1973) had a fake identity. In reality he was Hans Ernst Schneider, an ss member who had worked for the Ahnenerbe. Ironically "Hans Schwerte" had a reputation as a liberal. His pension rights, academic title, etc. were revoked. ? RWTH Aachen University, the TU Munich, and the TU Berlin are the three biggest universities for engineering studies in Germany.

Nobel laureates

Johannes Stark Philipp Lenard Nobel Prize for Physics 1905 Nobel Prize for Physics 1919

Nobel laureates

Karl Ziegler Peter Debye Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1936 Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1963


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