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高三英语一轮之定语从句.ppt


(一)定义及相关术语
1.定语从句:

修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语 从句。定语从句一般紧跟在它所修 饰的先行词之后。

2.先行词:

被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词。 3.关系词:
引导定语从句的词叫关系词。

关系词有关系代词和关系副词
关系代词有: that,

which, who, whom, whose, as等 关系副词有: when, where, why

eg The man who is shaking hands with my father is a policeman.

iPhone 4S

How many attributive clauses can you find in the advertisement?
?

?

?

1 We started by adding the dual-core A5 treater which is up to as twice as fast. 2 It’s like this is an amazing assistant that listens to you ,understands you and can answer your questions…. 3 It can completely change the way (that) you think about what a phone can do for you.

(二)关系代词引导的定语从 句
1. which 指物,在定语从句中 做主语或宾语,做宾语时常可 省略。 Football is a game which is liked by most boys.

This is the pen ( which ) he bought yesterday.
The factory ( ) makes computers is far away from here. A which B that C who

2.that 指人时,相当于 who 或 whom;指物时,相当于 which。在定语从句中作主语 或宾语,作宾语时常可省略。
The number of people that / who come to visit this city each year reaches one million.

Where is the man( that / whom )I saw this morning? The season that / which comes after spring is summer.

The person ( ) you introduced to me is very kind.

3.who 指人,在定语从句中 作主语。 The boy who is wearing Nike is from Class One.

I helped an old man who had lost his way.

whom 指人,在定语从句中 做宾语,常可省略。
Mr Liu is the person ( whom ) you talked about on the bus. Li Ming is just the boy ( whom ) I want to see.

The professor ( ) you are waiting for has come.
The girl ( ) has often been praised is our monitor.

To the Apple Board of Directors and the Apple Community:

I have always said if there ever came a day when I could no longer meet my duties and expectations as Apple's CEO,I would be the first to let you know. Unfortunately that day has come.

?
? ?

致苹果董事会及苹果社区:
我曾经说过,如果有一天我不再能履行作 为苹果CEO的职责和期望,我会是第一个告 诉你们知道的人。不幸的是,这一天到来 了。

(四)关系副词引导的定语从句 1.when 指时间,在定语从句中 作时间状语。
I still remember the day when I first came to this school.

2. where 指地点,在定语从句 中作地点状语。

Shanghai is the city where I was born.

3.why 指原因,在定语从句中 作原因状语。 Please tell me the reason why you missed the plane. The reason why he was punished is unknown to us.

?

I will never forget the days ( worked togethet. I went to the place ( years ago.

) we

?

) I worked ten

?

This is the reason (

) he was late.


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