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2016高考英语一轮复习 写作技巧点拨系列(三)掌握三大复合句式 用好复合句课件


写作技巧点拨系列(三) 掌握三大复合句式, 用好复合句

【核心点拨】 复合句是由一个主句加一个或几个从句所构成的句子。从句只充

当句子的一个成分。根据从句在句子中的作用, 可分为定语从句、名
词性从句和状语从句三类。

1. 定语从句 在复合句中, 修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句, 引导定语从句的 词有关系代词that, which, who, whom, whose, as和关系副词where, when, why等。例如:

· (2014· 重庆高考)Susan Beacham believes that the best present is the
one which shows affection and takes great time and energy.

· (2014· 四川高考)It is now a national policy that it is held on June 7

and 8 every year, during which, for me, Chinese, Maths, English,
Politics, History and Geography are included. · (2014· 天津高考)Our class is like a big family, where we help each other in study and life.

【点津】写好定语从句的三个步骤:

例如: 去海边度假是个好主意。在那里我们可以享受阳光、蓝天和新
鲜空气。 (1)首先写出简单句 It is a good idea to go to the seaside for a holiday. We can enjoy sunshine, blue sky and fresh air there.

(2)然后找出简单句中的重叠词汇: the seaside和there

(3)最后用相应的关系词连接
It is a good idea to go to the seaside for a holiday, where we can enjoy sunshine, blue sky and fresh air.

2. 名词性从句 名词性从句相当于名词, 可分别作主句的主语、表语、宾语和同位语。 · (2014· 天津高考)What I want to tell you first is the climate here. (主语 从句) · (2014· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ)I often imagine what my life will be like in the

future. (宾语从句)

· (2014· 湖北高考)As a member of the society, I am aware that being responsible is what it takes to make a better society. (表语从句) · The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school. (同位语从句)

3. 状语从句

在复合句中担任状语成分的从句, 称为状语从句。
· (2014· 四川高考)I spent a whole year reviewing all the subjects carefully until I thought I was fully prepared. (时间状语从句) · Wherever you go, you can see new factories and stores, new schools and new hospitals. (地点状语从句) · Since we live near the sea, we can often go swimming. (原因状语从句)

·You can’t learn a language well unless you work hard. (条件状语从句) · The man carried the box away as he was told. (方式状语从句) ·He didn’t stop working though(although)he was ill. (让步状语从句) · He started early so that he might arrive in time. (目的状语从句) ·He was so angry that he couldn’t speak. (结果状语从句)

·The harder you study, the greater progress you’ll make. (比较状语从
句)

【即时应用】

1. 将以下简单句改为复合句的形式
①The problem is too difficult for us to work out. The problem is_____ ______that we ______ work it out. ②Hurry up, or you’ll be late for the party. ______ you ______ hurry up, you’ll be late for the party. ③The tree is too tall for us to reach. The tree is ______ tall ______ we can’t reach ______.

④The teacher demanded us to come earlier. The teacher demanded ______ ______ ______ come earlier. ⑤The doctor put down the telephone, and hurried to Jim’s home. ______ the doctor put down the telephone, he went to Jim’s home as ______ as possible.

⑥Don’t play basketball here, or you may break the window.
______ ______ play basketball here, you may break the window.

⑦He came late because of the bad traffic.

He came late ______ the traffic was ______.
⑧He built a lab at the age of nine. He built a lab ______ ______ ______ nine. ⑨I can’t finish the work in time without your help. I can’t finish the work if you ______ ______ me. ⑩The water was too dirty for us to drink. The water was ______ dirty that we ______ drink.

答案 : ①so difficult; can’t

② If; don’t

③ so; that; it

④ that we

should
was

⑤ After; soon

⑥ If you

⑦ because/as; bad

⑧ when he

⑨don’t help

⑩so; can’t

2. 根据汉语提示, 补全下列句子 It is widely believed that 大家普遍认为)it is necessary to protect ①_____________________( our natural resources. fees should be charged low 门票应该被收 ②They suggest, however, _______________________( 得低些).

what you really want to say 你真正想说的)is that you have ③I guess ________________________( got nothing to do these days.
that I won the first place 我获得了第 ④Then came the exciting news _____________________( 一名)in the contest.

that I lost his address 我把他的地址丢了). ⑤The trouble is ___________________( who ignores this point 忽视这一点)may pay a heavy price ⑥Anyone ___________________( eventually.

since he graduated from the university 自从他大学 ⑦It’s been 5 years _________________________________(
毕业). in order that ⑧All citizens from all walks of life are doing their parts ___________ they can make contributions to the society 目的是为社会做贡献). ____________________________________(

As is pointed out by our teachers 正如我们老师所指出的), we ⑨_____________________________(
should make full use of every sheet of paper. which is no longer ⑩Great changes have taken place in my hometown, ________________ what it used to be 不再是它以前的样子了). ________________(


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