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英语议论文写作指导(对比分析---正反观点)


议论文写作指导

对比分析 正反观点

正反观点对比
对同一件事情,人们常有不同的看法,即正反两种观点。 在写作时,常使用一般现在时。写作格式一般是:提出

问题→两种不同观点→对两种不同观点的论据(理由)
逐项作对比。有时题目会要求说出自己的观点,可在结 尾段加上自己的观点并简要说明理由,最好不要

重复前

面的已谈到的理由。写作方式一般采用集中比较。在写
作时可用以下句型来组织完成整篇文章:

正反观点对比常用句型
(1) We have a( heated) discussion about…
讨论。 We’ve had a discussion about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks. (2) We have had a survey on… mobile phones to schools. 我们对……开展了一次调查。 We’ve had a survey on whether students should be allowed to carry

我们对……进行了一次

(3) Opinions are divided on the question.
在这个问题上意见有分歧。 (4) Opinions are mainly divided into two groups. 有两种不同意见。

(5) Others have different opinions. 其他人有不同看法。

(6) Sixty percent of the students are for the idea, while
forty percent of the students think otherwise. 有60%的学 生支持这个观点,然而有40%的学生则不这样认为。

(7) Sixty percent of the students think it necessary to…,
but forty percent of the students don’t think so. 60%的学 生认为……是必须的,而40%的学生则不这样认为。 (8) On the one hand, … On the other hand, … 一方 面……,另一方面……

在对某一观点作进一步论证时,可用下列句型: (1) What’s more, … 还有就是…… What’s more, we can get a good knowledge of the culture and social customs of the country where we study, as well as improve our English. (2) Besides, … 除此之外…… Some students cannot discipline themselves. Besides, it’s far too expensive to study abroad, which is a load to the family. 当然在提出多个论据时,也可用First, …Second, … Third, …来列举论据。

80% students support it. The programme is creative and unique. It provides a stage for young people to show their talents. It lets young people gain more confidence than ever. 20% students think that the programme misleads the youth to some degree. Let them feel success doesn’t come from hard work. Being yourself isn’t the same as being different from others. I am for this programme. As long as our study is not disturbed, we can watch it.

80% students support it. The programme is creative and unique. In addition, it provides a stage for young people to show their talents, and helps young people gain more confidence than ever.

On the contrary,20% students think that the programme misleads the youth to some degree. What’s worse, they will feel success doesn’t come from hard work. After all, being yourself isn’t the same as being different from others in behaviours or appearance.
In my opinion, I am for this programme. As long as our study is not disturbed, we can watch it.

Dear editor, I am writing to tell you about my classmates’ opinions about a TV programme----Super Girl.

Opinions vary from person to person. 80% of them are for this TV programme. They argue that this programme not only provides the young with a stage to show their talents but also gives a chance to them to build up their self-confidence. What’s more, this programme is creative and advocates personality, which meets the youth’s need.

On the contrary, 20% of them are against this programme. Reasons can be listed as follows. For one thing, it misleads the youths to some degree, perhaps they will misunderstand that they can succeed without any hard work. For another, being yourself doesn’t mean being different from other’s behaviour or appearance. However, every coin has two sides, this programme is not an exception, it has it’s own advantages and disadvantages. Yours, Li Ming

常见错误 *拼写
1. Their opinion are devided on this programme. Their opinions are divided on this programme.

Their opinions vary from person to person.

2. It make people feel that they can success without make any effort.

It makes people feel that they can succeed without making any effort.

It makes people feel that they can achieve success without hard work.

3. It will misled the young in some ways.

It will mislead the young in some ways / in a way/ to some extent/ to some degree.

4. It effects our study.

It affects our study.

It has a bad effect / influence on our study.

5. On the country, some student againsted the programme. On the contrary, some students are against the programme. …, some students are not in favour of this programme.

…, some students do not enjoy this programme.

*搭配(词性)
1. In the other hands, 20% students don’t agree to them.

On the other hand, 20% of the students don’t agree with them. On the other hand, other students have different ideas.

2. Let the younger to find more self-confident.

Let the young/the youth/young people gain/ build up self-confidence.

Help the young be more self-confident.

…equip the young with self-confidence.

3. This programme is not only creation but personali

This programme is not only creative but unique.

This programme is creative and it appeals to / advocates personality.

*高级(句式)
1. There are 80% students support the Super Girl.

There are 80% students supporting the Super Girl.

There are 80% students who support the Super Girl.

80% students support the Super Girl.

2. It provides the stage to young people to show our talents.
It provides a stage for young people to show their talents.

It provides young people with a stage to demonstrate their talents. (offer opportunities to…/give chances to…)

2002年高考题范文 最近,你校同学正在参加某英文报组织的一场讨论。 讨论的主题是:公园要不要收门票?请你根据下表提供 的信息,给报社写一封信,客观地介绍讨论情况。
60%的同学认为 1、不应收门票 2、公园是公众休闲的地方 3、如收票,需建大门、围墙, 会影响城市形象 40%的同学认为 1、应收门票,但票价不宜高 2、支付园林工人工资 3、购新花木

注意: 1、信的开头已为你写好。 2、词数:100左右。 3、参考词汇:门票:entrance fee Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you about the discussion we’ve had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks.

Dear Editor, I'm writing to tell you about the discussion we've had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks(提出问题). 过渡句 观点一 Opinions are divided on the question. 60%of the students are against the idea of entrance fee. They believe a public park should be free of charge. People need a place where they can rest and enjoy themselves. 论据一 Changing entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away. What is more, it will become necessary to build gates and walls, which will do harm to the appearance of a city. 论据二

观点二

论据一

On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged because you need money to pay gardeners and other workers, and to buy plants and young trees. They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. 论据二 Yours truly Li Hua 可以看出,这类文章的写作,首先要提出问题, 即双方讨论的问题。接下来提出观点一,并用一系 列论据进行阐明。说明完观点一之后,再提出观点 二,继续用论据进行说明。如果需要说明自己的观 点,可接下来说明自己的观点。

对比类写作 实战模版

★★★议论文的框架---对比观点题型
(1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的 看法。 1. 有一些人认为。。。 2. 另一些人认为。。。 3. 我的看法。。。 The topic of ①-----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持A的理由一) What is more, ③-------------(理由二). Moreover, ④--------------(理由三).

While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持 B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥-----------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理 由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧---------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨-------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .

(2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ①----------------(观点 一). For example, they think ②----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them ③--------------(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同意该 看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤---------(反 对的理由之二). Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥-----(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).

(3) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 ) There is a widespread concern over the issue t hat __作文题 目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一______. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因 一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____.

People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that_观二_____. In their point of view, on the one hand, ___原因一 _______. On the other hand, ____原因二 _____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二_. It is not only because ________, but also because _______. The more _______, the more ________.

Practice in class
面对繁重的高中学习任务,高中生对参加学校活动 有着不同的看法,请以Taking Part in School Activities 为题,用英文写一篇120词左右的短文,着重介绍两种 不同的观点和态度,最后谈谈你个人的看法。 ▲很多学生持拥护态度,认为既可以学到实践知识, 又可以得到放松; ▲不少学生漠不关心,认为学生就应该学习,学校活 动与学习无关,同时嘲讽积极参加学校活动的学生。 标题和开头已给,不计入总词数。词数;120词左右。 Taking Part in School Activities As for school activities, students mainly hold two views.

Main errors

1.时态:现在的时态 2. There are many students support it. There are many students who support it. There are many students supporting it 3. 要有清晰的、完整的句子的痕迹 Those in favor of…think it is good for us. Because it can help us get relaxed.

Main errors Those in favor of…think it is good for us. It is because it can help us get relaxed. Those in favor of…think it is good for us, because it can help us get relaxed.

Main errors
清晰的句子的痕迹 It can help us make many friends, they will give us many proposer. It can help us make many friends. They will give us many proposer. It can help us make many friends, and they will give us many proposer.

Taking Part in School Activities As for school activities, students mainly hold two views. Many students are very enthusiastic about school activities because they think that learning from textbooks is not their only task and they should take any chance to get some practical knowledge. Besides, after long hours’ study, they can relax themselves by participating in school activities.

requires sth. of sb. 要求某人某事

However, a large group of students take little interest in them and spend most of their time on study. They believe that they should make full use of time to study and that school activities have little to do with their further development. Thus sometimes they even laugh at those who take an active part in school activities. As far as I am concerned, I prefer the first view. On the one hand, we can learn a great deal from other students we meet in activities. Furthermore, modern society requires many qualities of young students, so “book worms” can’t keep up with the times.

Taking Part in School Activities As for school activities, students mainly hold two views. Some students are inclined to approve of it. They believe that by taking part in school activities, students can not only learn some practical knowledge, but also relax themselves. However, others pay little attention to it. Obviously, they think study is students’ only task. What this means is that school activities have nothing to do with study. Besides, they sneer at those who take part in it actively.

As for as I am concerned, the former opinion holds more weight. On top of the abovementioned positive effects it might bring about, the school activities also enrich our school life and help us to understand each other better. So, we cannot emphasize the importance of taking part in school activities enough.

如何把句子写得丰富些?
很多学生持拥护态度,认为既可以学到实践知识,又可以得到 放松。

Some students are inclined to approve of it. They believe that by taking part in school activities, students can not only learn some practical knowledge, but also relax themselves. Many students are very enthusiastic about school activities because they think that learning from textbooks is not their only task and they should take any chance to get some practical knowledge. Besides, after long hours’ study, they can relax themselves by participating in school activities.

Homework
根据教育部通知,从2007年9月1日起,中小 学生每天要跳校园集体舞。通知发出后,在社 会上引起了热烈的讨论。假如你是李华,请根 据下表提供的内容给“China Daily”编辑写一封 信反映讨论情况,并提出自己的看法和理由。 注意:(1)词数100-120; (2)开头已写好,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:集体舞 group dancing 社交能力sociability

赞成 1.能锻炼身体:丰富校园生活。 2.增进学生之间耳相了解。 3.培养社交能力,是一种健康的交流方式。 反对 1.在农村学校无法实施,教师没有能力教, 也没有合适的地方。 2.校园集体舞不能达到锻炼身体的目的,只 是一种表演。 你的 …. 看法
Dear editor, The Department of Education announced…

能锻炼身体,丰富校园生活 be good for health and can enrich our school life 培养社交能力 improve their sociability. 不能达到锻炼身体的目的 can't help students to keep fit

Dear Editor, The Department of Education announced in June, 2007 that from Sept. 1, 2007 primary and secondary school students will have dance class, which has led to a heated debate. Some people think group dancing is good for health and can enrich our school life. It helps students understand each other better. Also it can help students improve their sociability. It is a healthy means of communication.

But other people hold the opposite view. They feel that in the countryside, the teachers don't have enough experience in teaching dancing and also there isn't enough room for students to learn dancing. Last but not least, group dancing is just a form or a performance, which can't help students to keep fit. As to me, group dancing may lead to an increase of boys and girls falling in love (with each other) once they have more chances for physical interaction. Yours, Li Hua

Homework
假设你是林明。你班最近就“大学生是否应该经济独立”的话题展开了 讨 论,大家发表了不同看法。 请你根据以下所给内容,写一封信给《21世纪 英语》报高中生版反映讨论情况。讨论情况如下: 1.35%的同学认为:通过打工可以获得工作经验,了解社会;同时还可 以体会到父母挣钱的不易,避免乱花钱的不良习气。 2.50%的同学认为:通过打工来付学费会影响自己的学习,自己可以通 过好好学习来报答爹娘,回报社会。 3.15%的同学(包括你在内)觉得双方的观点都有一定道理,但又不完全 赞同,请简述你自己的看法。 注意:1.文章开头已经给出,不计入总分; 2.词数120个(不包括起始句); 3.参考词汇:学费tuition fee 报答repay 经济独立financially independent

Dear editor, I am writing to tell you about a recent discussion we had on whether or not university students should be...

Homework
Dear editor, I am writing to tell you about a recent discussion we have had on whether or not university students should be financially independent. 35% of my classmates think that university students doing part-time jobs will help one to gain working experience and learn more of society. Besides, when students find it hard for their parents to earn money, they won't form the habit of

Homework
wasting their money. 50% of the students hold the view that university students needn't be financially independent, because trying to make money in their spare time will affect their studies. They also think that they can repay their parents and society by studying harder. 15% of my fellow students, myself included, partly agree with them.

Homework
We think that as grown-ups, we shouldn't depend on our parents any more. Personally, I thought if our parents can afford to pay the tuition fee for us, we should devote ourselves to our studies and try to do better. Thank you for reading my letter. Yours, Lin Ming


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