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Warming Up

What are they/is he doing ?

excavate collect identify and analyze

Identify the objects in warming up and try to fill in the chart below.
Its name What it was made of Its use Today’s alternative

light the clay lamp clay/pottery house Chinese metal, possibly provide chimes bronze or brass music stone/jade stone/jade chop wood axe

electric light xylophone chain saw

clay lamp粘土灯 Chinese chimes编钟 xylophone木琴 chain saw链锯 stone axe石斧

Bone needle

Peking Man

Hunting animals

Catching fish and rubbing stones for fires

A Peking man wearing animal skins is making fires in a cave

Cutting fat and meat from animal bones

Important words and phrases

identify tool rock



壁炉 筹备

ancestor 祖先
识别 器具 岩石

hole evidence thick technique centimeter

孔 证据 厚的 技巧 厘米

骨头 bone 涂抹 rub preserve 保存

assume material

假设 材料

挖掘 excavate appearance 外貌

reasonable 有道理的 needle 针 完全地 entirely hang(hung,hung) 挂 layers of ash 积灰

交换 trade 线 thread 刮刀 scraper regardless of 不顾

an ample amount of salt 大量盐 botanical analysis 植物学分析 知道 be aware that… 带…参观 show…around scare…away 把…吓跑 缝在一起 sew…together keep out cold 使寒冷留在外面


1.What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. The farming and hunting of the earliest people B. The introduction of a group of English students to the Zhoukoudian caves C. The trade between the earliest people D. A brief introduction of the life of the earliest people in the Zhoukoudian caves in China

2.The text is about the visit to the ___.
A. Shanding Caves B. Sanxingdui Tombs C. Zhoukoudian Caves D. Mawangdui Tombs

3. The group of students come from ___.
A. Germany C. France B. the USA D. England

Careful reading:
Read the text for 10 minutes and then finish the following exercises of reading comprehension.

1. Why have the English students come to the Zhoukoudian caves?
A. Only in Zhoukoudian caves can they find evidence of the earliest people. B. They were interested in archaeology. C. In England there may be no such sites to find evidence of the earliest people. D. Both B and C.

2. Where did the early people live? A. In the forest B. On the seaside C. Higher up the hill D. At the foot of the hill 3.Evidence has showed that the earliest people in the caves used to make clothes. A. leaves B. tree skins C. cotton D. animal skins

4. How did early people keep warm?
A. They used mats, blankets and quilts as we do B. They made fires in the center of the caves and they might have kept the fires burning C. The doors in caves kept the cold out D. They hunted animals and ate animal meat for heat

5. What was the bone needle used for?
A. fixing buttons like we do B. sewing animal skins together to make clothes C. killing animals in a distance D. for decoration

6. Which procedure below is not the process of making clothes for early people?
A. They cut the animal skin and sew the pieces together. B. They used the sharpened stone tools to cut up animals and remove their skin. C. They rubbed enough salt to make the skin soft. D. They sew a pocket on their clothes

7.Which of the following is the correct order about how early people made clothes?
a. remove the fat and meat from the skin b. cut up the animals c. rub salt inside the skin d. remove the skin e. sew the pieces together A. b-d-c-a-e B. b-d-a-c-e C. b-a-d-c-e D. b-a-c-d-e

8.What was the necklace made of ?
A. glass C. animal bones and shells B. amble D.metal

9. Which of the following shows us the earliest people and the modern people have something in common?
A. People hung animal skins to keep out the cold B. People never grew their own crops C. People use science D. People care about their appearance

10. Where do you think the English students will go to visit?
A. to enter the cave for a detailed look B. to the sea C. to some museum to see other objects that the earliest people made D. to the shallow lake to catch fish

Read the second & third topics again and finish the following form. Relics

Descriptions of the relics At most three centimetres long and made of bone ____.


Perhaps they cut animal A skins and sewed the needle pieces together to make clothes ______. Made of There was trade ____between animal bones them or they travelled A ___________ Shells seaside necklace and ________ to the ______ on their journeys.

. Compare modern people and Peking

man, and finish the following form.

Modern people
Place for living Food Clothing Stone, wooden or brick house

Peking Man

Fruit, vegetables, Meat, fish, berries meat and fish, etc. and fruit in season Natural and man-made fibres Wooden, special for each room TV, sport, films, job hobbies, education skins, leaves fireplace


Meals together


A group of students from England , who are archaeology interested in ___________,have come to Zhoukoudian caves for a visit. An archeologist gives them a brief introduction to the life and habits of the earliest people in Zhoukoudian. fires Early people lived in caves and they made ______ warm in the center of caves to keep them _______, cook the scare food and _______ their enemies away, such as tigers and bears. Early people made their own clothes from animal skins ______. They used sharpened stone tools to cut up animals and remove their skins. Smaller scrapers were remove used to _______ the fat and meat from the skin.

Finally they would use needles made of animal bones to sew ______ the pieces together. appearance Early people also paid attention to their and wore necklaces. Some of the necklace beads were made of animal bones but some were made of shells, which told us that all the fields around Zhoukoudian shallow caves used to be part of a large ________lake. Early people didn’t grow their own crops, but picked fruit when ripe it was ______and hunted animals for food.

1.Read the passage again and review the new words and expressions. 2. 发挥想象,连词成文(50-100字). interrupt, acute, regardless of, analysis, cut up, ample, messy, sharpen, assume, at most.



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