the first period
Teaching aims: (1) Encourage the Ss to grasp the main idea of the article. (2) Stimulate the Ss’ interest in learning English by talking about
their own traveling experiences. (3) Students are expected to gain some knowledge about London Underground and reinforce their reading comprehension. (4) Develop the students’ reading ability---how to read a tourist brochure. Important points & difficult points: (1) Get students to understand the main idea of the reading passage. (2) Have students know something about the London Underground. Procedure: Step1 Daily report. Ask one student to do a daily report on one of his or her traveling experiences. Step2 Review of different means of transportation Show students a few pictures of different means of transportation and get them to tell the names of the transportation tools to consolidate what they have learnt. Step3 Lead-in Ask students to answer the following questions: 1. Among all these means of transportation mentioned above, which can you take in our city? 2. In recent years, Nanjing has got a new means of transportation; do you know what it is? 3. Do you know something about the first underground in the world? Step4 Skimming 1. When was the first underground system opened? In 1863 2. Why was the Victorian time important? Because it linked with other lines at almost every station, making the system more user-friendly. 3. What did Charles Holden do? He is the architect that designed many of the stations between 1918 and 1938. Many of the stations are still in use today. Step5 Scanning 1. Why was an underground system first developed in London? Most railway tracks did not go into the London city centre, so buses were required. This increased traffic on the road. The underground system transported more people without increasing traffic on the road. 2. What was the London Underground like in 1863? The carriages did not have windows and were pulled by steam engines through narrow tunnels. 3. What did Charles Yerkes do to improve the underground? He bought many of the different lines and set up the Underground Group. 4. What are some of the different things that the underground has functioned as? It has functioned as a bomb shelter, an aeroplane factory, an anti-aircraft centre and meeting rooms for the government admistration. 5. What happened to the London Underground after World War Ⅱ?
More lines were added because more people travelled on the underground. 6. What does it mean when the brochure says that the underground system is user-friendly? It means that many of the lines are linked at many stations. Therefore, it is very convenient for riders to go to different places in the city from any station. Step6 Structure analyzing part Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 paragraph Para 1 Para 2-4 Para 5 Para 6-7 Main idea
Step7 Development of the LU system before World War II date 1854 1863 1868 1884 1933 1918-1938 After 1945 1977 Step8 Reading strategy: reading a tourist brochure Key facts of a tourist brochure 1. History of a certain place or an item, including its dates and years 2. Some important people concerned 3. Interesting facts 4. Persuasive and interesting language Question: What is your impression of the London underground? Please use your own words to give a description. London underground: old / user-friendly / complex / convenient/…… Step9 Blank-filling While I went sighting in London, I visited the London ___________. Like most tourists, I was very interested in it as it is the ___________ system in the world. It is also very ___________. I was told that the first part of the underground system opened in __________ and it took people from the ___________ of London to the city _________. The tunnels under the ground were very narrow compared to the last line that was constructed in __________. When __________ first ran in these tunnels, there was lots of _________ and ___________. I think it must have been horrible and damp down there! anti-aircraft center. When I come back, I’ll show you the brochure and the album of photos I took there. Another problem was that there were a dozen _________ lines, which were not linked. This made the system not _____________, but now the different lines have been ___________. The event
union of the different lines makes traveling on the London Underground much more ______________. I bought a ticket at a _________ and rode the underground three times. It was quite good. Even the stations built in the 1920s were quite ___________. Another interesting thing was that the tunnels were used for all sorts of things during ________________, such as _______________ and an anti-aircraft center. When I come back, I’ll show you the brochure and the album of photos I took there. Step10 Role-play Suppose you are a guide. Now you are leading a tourist group to Guanyun Please combine the knowledge of our hometown you have already known with the language skills we learned today to give the tourist a short speech. Step11 Homework Finish the relative exercise on page 130 and 131. Preview the language points in the text.
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