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高三总复习语法填空专项训练—非谓语动词


高三英语总复习语法填空专题训练课件:非谓语动词

非谓语动词

非谓语动词是语法填空的必考考点, 每年高考至少有1道题。不仅如此,掌 握非谓语动词的基本用法,对增强书面 表达的文采和提高阅读理解能力都有明 显的作用。 首先,我们回顾一下非谓语动词的语 法功能(在句中充当何种成分):

主语 动 名 词 不 定 式

分 词

宾语

表语

定语

状语

宾补

√ √

√ √

√ √ √

√ √ √ √ √ √ √

现在,我们简要回顾其主要考点:

考点1:作主语 表示一般的、泛指的或习惯性的行为用-ing; 表示具体的、一次性的或将来的动作用to do 。 考点2:作表语 (1) 动名词和不定式作表语说明主语的具体内 容。 (2)分词作表语则说明主语的性质,像puzzling, surprising, exciting等-ing分词表示“令人…… 的(事物)”;像puzzled, surprised, excited等-ed 分词表示“(人)感到……的”。

考点3:作宾语 (1)有些动词只能用不定式作宾语。如refuse, expect, promise, decide, offer, pretend等。(类 似动词和短语动词还有哪些?请补上) (2)有些动词只能用动名词作宾语。如:keep, allow, finish, enjoy, mind, practice, avoid, admit, advise, consider, imagine, appreciate, escape, suggest等。(类似动词和短语动词还有 哪些?请补上) (3) 在表示“需要”的need, want和require等 后用-ing形式的主动形式表示被动意义,也可 用不定式的被动式。

(4)在forget, remember, regret, mean, try等 动词后既可接动名词,也可接不定式,但意 义差别较大。 (5)在介词之后用动名词作宾语。注意to是介 词的短语,如be /get used to, be accustomed to(习惯于), contribute … to …, devote oneself to /be devoted to, get down to, look forward to 等。 (6)含介词的固定句式: prevent /stop /keep sb. /sth. from doing 阻 止……做……

spend /waste time or money in doing 在 做……方面花费/浪费时间或金钱 have some difficulty/trouble in doing 在 做……方面有些困难 have a hard time in doing sth.做某事很艰难 there is no sense in doing做……是没有理由/ 道理的 (7)介词后一般只能接动名词,但在表示 “除……外”的介词but和except后,有时可 接不定式;当前面有行为动词do时,不定式 不带to;前面没有行为动词do时,要带to。

考点4:作宾补 当宾语与作宾补的动词在逻辑上是主动 关系时,用不定式(未来或全过程)或-ing形式 (正在进行或一直处于某种状态); 当宾语与作宾补的动词在逻辑上是被动 关系时,用-ed形式。 请注意复习以下6点: (1)在ask, invite, encourage, advise, forbid, remind等动词后,用带to的不定式作宾补。 (2)在help后作宾补的不定式带不带to均可。

(3)在make, let, have等使役动词和feel, smell, hear, see, watch等感官动词后, 一般用不带to的不定式作宾补,但在其 被动式后作主语补足语时,要加上to。 (4)在with的宾语后,若用-ed形式,表 示宾语与-ed形式在逻辑上是被动关系, 且意味着该动作已经完成;若用-ing形 式,表示宾语与-ing形式在逻辑上是主 动关系,且表示动作持续进行。

(5)get sb. to do sth. =have sb. do sth.使 某人做某事(主动、将来); get/have…doing使……处于某一状态中 (主动、持续); get…done=have sth. done请人做/遭受(被动)。 (6) make oneself 后常用understood, heard, seen, known等作宾补,表示让 别人明白自己的意思/让自己讲的话被 别人听到/让自己被别人看到/让自己被 别人认识。

考点5:作状语 (1)在表示时间、让步、方式或伴随情况时,非谓语 动词若与句子主语在逻辑上是主动关系,用-ing形式, 若与句子主语在逻辑上是被动关系,用-ed形式。 (2)不定式作状语只能放在句末,且不用逗号,多用 于表示情绪或情感反应的动词、形容词(如glad, sorry, surprised, frightened, delighted)之后,表示原因。 (3)不定式表结果,其动作发生在谓语动词之后,往 往表示未曾预料到的或令人不快的,前面常加only; 也还用于too…to, enough to, so/such…as to等固定结 构中。-ing形式表示的结果,是伴随谓语动词的发生 而产生的自然结果(同时发生),谓语动词与现在分 词的动作是因果关系。

(4)在作表语的形容词后或者作宾补的 形容词后作状语,一般只用不定式。 (5)表示目的时只能用不定式,此时的 不定式可以放在句首。 (6) 在“连词(如when, while, if, though 等)+分词”结构中,当分词与主句主语 是主动关系时用-ing形式,是被动关系时 用-ed形式。

考点6:作定语 (1)动词不定式作定语:常放在所修饰的名词 之后,表示一个将来的动作,多用来修饰have、 there be、with之后的名词,表示“有…… 要……”;或修饰“the+序数词”。 (2)分词作定语:被修饰的名词与分词是主动 关系,用-ing形式,是被动关系时用-ed形式。

考点7:特殊句式 Why not do sth.? =Why don’t you do sth.?何不做某事呢?

had better (not) do sth.最好(不)做某事
would rather (not) do sth.宁愿(不)做某事 would do A rather than do B = would rather do A than do B = prefer to do A rather than do B = prefer doing A to doing B 宁做A事不做B事

考点8:独立结构 (1) -ing形式的独立成分:judging by /from(根据…判断), generally speaking(一般 说来),strictly speaking(严格说来), frankly speaking(坦率地说)等。 (2)不定式的独立结构:to tell you the truth(和你说实话吧), to make things worse(情况更糟的是)等。 (3)用作介词或连词的considering(考虑到, 就…而言)和given(考虑到)后接名词或that从 句。

解答语法填空时,首先分析句子结构, 若句子已有谓语动词且不是并谓语时,所给 动词必定用非谓语动词;然后分析该非谓语 动词在句中作什么句子成分,初定作该成分 的应是哪一种或几种非谓语动词形式;最后 再根据非谓语动词各自的特点和用法,同时 看谓语动词有没有特别的要求,再结合与逻 辑主语的关系,确定该填哪种形式。

另外,在确定用-ing形式还是用-ed形式,用to do还是用to be done时,都是由该非谓语动词 与逻辑主语是主动关系还是被动关系来确定 的。那么,如何找出非谓语动词的逻辑主语? 这与非谓语动词在句中作何种成分有关,详 见下表:
充当句 子成分 逻辑 主语 宾语 表语 句子的主语 状语 定语 宾补

所修饰的词 句子的宾语

[例1]…the proverb, “plucking up a crop 32 (help) it grow”, is based on the following story. (2008年广东)

分析:因句中已有谓语is based,而“plucking up a crop 32 (help) it grow”是the proverb 的同位语,是一个名词短语而非同位语从句, 因此,help应是非谓语动词;“帮助禾苗长” 是“将禾苗拨起来”的目的,作目的状语,用 动词不定式,故填to help。

[例2] While she was getting me ___34___ (settle) into a tiny but clean room…(2007年广东) 分析:因句中已有谓语was getting,所以 settle应是非谓语动词;又由settle sb. into/in/on…(使某人舒服地处于某处)可知, me与settle是被动关系,要用过去分词用宾 补,故填settled。

考点击破

一、单句填空:用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空。

Walking 1. _____________ (walk) is a good form of exercise for both young and old. (全国) 2. Eugene's never willing to alter any of his arguing argue) with him. opinions. It’s no use __________( (上海) seated 3. Please remain _________(seat); the winner of the prize will be announced soon. (辽宁) 4. — Can I smoke here? smoking smoke) — Sorry. We don’t allow ___________( here. (江苏)

accepting 5. It is difficult to imagine his ________ (accept) the decision without any consideration. (陕西) working work) with Jane in 6. I can’t stand _________( to stop the same office. She just refuses ________(stop) talking while she works. (北京) 7. As a result of the serious flood, two-thirds to be repaired of the buildings in the area need _____________ (repair). (陕西) 8. Susan wanted to be independent of her parents. She tried ________ living (live) alone, but she didn’t like it and moved back home. (湖南)

9. — Robert is indeed a wise man. — Oh, yes. How often I have regretted not taking ____________(not take) his advice! (安徽) 10. If you think that treating a woman well getting (get) her permission for means always ________ things, think again. (湖南) 11. At the beginning of class, the noise of desks being opened and closed _______________________(open and close) could be heard outside the classroom. (全国) 12. —They are quiet, aren’t they? not talking —Yes. They are accustomed to _______ (not talk) at meals. (江苏)

marking 13. Isn't it time you got down to ________ (mark) the papers? (重庆) 14. Mr. Reed made up his mind to devote all he setting (set) up some schools for poor had to ________ children. (上海) 15. She looks forward every spring to walking ________ (walk) in the flower-lined garden. (上海) 16. Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, passing (pass) the exam. he had a hard time ________ (福建)

17. According to a recent U.S. survey, children spend up to 25 hours a week ________watching (watch) TV. (上海) 18. I believe that’s the best way to prevent happening (happen) again. such a thing from ____________ (全国) finding (find) the 19. Did you have trouble in________ post office? (全国) admit 20. Sandy could do nothing but ________ (admit) to his teacher that he was wrong. (上海)

burning (burn) in the 21. I smell something __________ kitchen. Can I call you back in a minute? (全国) running (run) while 22. Don’t leave the water ________ you brush your teeth. (天津) 23. It was so cold that they kept the fire burning (burn) all night. (全国) ___________ 24. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see _________ carried (carry) out the next year. (全国)

25. To learn English well, we should find spoken (speak) opportunities to hear English ___________ as much as we can. (江苏) 26. He is very popular among his students as he interested always tries to make them ____________(interest) in his lectures. (江苏) to be made 27. Energy drinks are not allowed ________ (make) in Australia but are brought in from New Zealand. (上海) to take 28. My advisor encouraged me ________(take) a summer course to improve my writing skills. (北京)

feel 29. My parents have always made me ________ (feel) good about myself, even when I was twelve. (江苏) 30. They knew her very well. They had seen her grow (grow) up from childhood. (全国) ________ grow (grow) 31. The mother felt herself ________ cold and her hands trembled as she read the letter from the battlefield. (上海) to learn 32. Paul doesn’t have to be made ________ (learn). He always works hard. (全国)

33. —Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. filling (fill) —Sorry. With so much work ________ my mind, I almost break down. (福建) 34. John received an invitation to dinner, and finished (finish), he gladly with his work ____________ accepted it. (安徽) to settle 35. With a lot of difficult problems ________ (settle), the newly-elected president is having a hard time. (上海) pick 36. The director had her assistant ______ (pick) up some hot dogs for the meeting. (全国)

37. — Did Peter fix the computer himself? — He had it ________(fix), because he fixed doesn’t know much about computers. (安徽) 38. Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a improved good way to have her written English ________ (improve) in a short period. (福建) 39. Helen had to shout to make herself heard (hear) above the sound of the music. ________ (广西) saying 40. Peter received a letter just now ________ (say) his grandma would come to see him soon. (四川)

41. As the light turned green, I stood for a moving (move), and asked myself moment, not ________ what I was going to do. (湖南) Walking 42. ___________(walk) in the fields on a March afternoon, he could feel the warmth of spring. (安 徽) Having waited (wait) in the queue for half 43. ______________ an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car. (福建) Blamed (blame) for the breakdown of the 44. __________ school computer network, Alice was in low spirits. (福建)

45. He hurried to the booking office only to be told (tell) that all the tickets had been _____________ sold out. (陕西) 46. European football is played in 80 countries, making ____________ (make) it the most popular sport in the world. (全国) to have locked 47. You were silly not ________________(lock) your car. (湖南) 48. I like getting up very early in summer. The to breathe morning air is so good _____________(breathe). (宁夏)

To complete (complete) the project as 49. _____________ planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. (湖南) asked (ask) why he went there, 50. When ________ he said he was sent there to be trained for a space flight. (江西) 51. The flowers his friend gave him will die watered unless ____________(water) every day. (四川) 52. When _____________(compare) different comparing cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. (浙江)

to arrive 53. —The last one ___________(arrive) pays the meal. —Agree! (全国) 54. The trees _________(blow) blown in the storm have been moved off the road. (湖南) seated (seat) at the back of 55. Can those _________ the classroom hear me? (福建) 56. Reading is an experience quite different forming from watching TV; there are pictures ________ (form) in your mind instead of before your eyes. (广西)

57. —It’s a long time since I saw my sister. (全国) visit visit) her this weekend? —Why not ________( Search (search) the website of the Fire 58. _________ Department in your city, and you will learn a lot about firefighting. (湖南) 59. The children went home from the grammar finished finish) for the school, their lessons __________( day. (重庆) Given (give) the general state of health, 60. ________ it may take him a while to recover from the operation. (北京)

二、语篇填空 用所给动词的适当形式填空。 Freud was one of the first scientists

to make (make)serious research of the [1]_________ mind. The mind is the collection of activities based (base) in the brain that involve [2]_________ how we act, think, feel and reason.

He used long talks with patients and the study

of dreams [3]___________ to search (search) for the causes of mental and emotional problems. He also tried hypnosis(催眠). He wanted to see if
[4]________ putting(put)patients into a sleep-like troubled condition would help ease [5]________ (trouble) minds. In most cases he found the effects only temporary.

Freud worked hard, although what he did might sound easy. His method involved sitting (sit) with his patients and [6]________ listening(listen)to them talk. He had [7]________ them [8]________ talk (talk)about whatever they were thinking. All ideas, thoughts and anything that entered their mind had to be expressed(express). There could [9]___________ be no[10]________ holding (hold)back because of fear or guilt.

高三英语总复习语法填空专题训练课件:非谓语动词


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