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高中英语语法倒装句讲解及练习(附答案)


高中英语倒装句 倒装句分为全部倒装和部分倒装 1 全部倒装 全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用于一般现在时和一般过去时。常见的结构有: 1)here, there, now, then, thus 等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用 be, come, go, lie, run 等表示来去或状态的动词。例如: Then came the chairman.

那时总裁来了。 Here is your letter. 你的信。 2). up,down,out,away, in , off, ahead 放于句首 Up jumped the cat and caught the mouse. Ahead sat an old woman. 3)表示地点,时间,方向等的介词短语放在句首时例如:After the head walked a group of workers. 4.“作表语的现在分词/过去分词/形容词+系动词+主语”形式的完全倒装 Seated in the front were the guests. 注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。例如: Here he comes. 他来了。 2 部分倒装 部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句子的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词 do, does 或 did, 并将其置于主语之前。 1. 句首为否定或半否定的词语,如 no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, rarely, scarely, in no way, under no circumstance, at no time 决不, not until? 等。例如: Never have I seen such a performance. 从未见过如此糟糕的表演。 Nowhere will you find the answer to this question. 无论如何你不会找到这个问题的答案的。 Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room. 母亲一直到孩子入睡后离开房间。 当 Not until 引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装。例如: The mother didn\'t leave the room until the child fell asleep. 典型例题 1)---Why can\'t I smoke here? A. is smoking permitted B. ----At no time___ in the meeting-room smoking is permitted C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit Away they went. 他们走开了。

2) Not until the early years of the 19th century ___ what heat is. A. man did know B. man know C. didn\'t man know D. did man know 2.Not only?but also 前面倒装,后面不倒装 Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender. 他没有收下礼物,还狠狠批评了送礼的人。 3.Hardly/Scarcely?when, No sooner? than 等,要倒装。 Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her. No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her. 典型例题 No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily. A. the game began B. has the game begun C. did the game begin D.had the game begun 4 so, neither, nor 作部分倒装 so/neither/nor+be/can(should/will/could…..)/do(did/does)+sb 表示\"也\"、\"也不\" 的句子要部分倒装。例如: 典型例题 ---Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother? A. nor don\'t I care B. nor do I care ---I don\'t know, _____. D. I don\'t care also

C. I don\'t care neither

注意:当 so 引出的句子用以对上文内容加以证实或肯定时,不可用倒装结构。意为\"的确如此\"。例如: Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did. ---It\'s raining hard.---So it is. 5 only 在句首后接状语用总分倒装。例如: Only in this way can you learn English well. 只有这样,你才能学好英语。 如果句子为主从复合句,则主句倒装,从句不倒装。例如: Only when he is seriously ill does he ever stay in bed. 病得狠重时,他才卧床休息。 注意:如果 only 后的词组不是状语,不需倒装。 1

e.g. Only Wang Lili knows this. only Only a few young men went to the theatre. (修饰主语时则不用倒装) Ex:1)Only in this way ___ make progress in your English. A. you B. can you C. you be able to 2) Only when the meeting was over___ go back to meet his friend. A. he could 3)Only after liberation___ to be treated as human beings. A.did they begin B. they had begun C.they did begin D. had they begun 6 as, though 引导的倒装句 as / though 引导的让步从句必须将表语或状语提前(形容词, 副词, 分词, 实义动词提前) 。但需注意: 1) 句首名词不能带任何冠词。Child as he is, he seems to know everything.(child 前不加冠词 注意:让步状语从句中,有 though,although 时,后面的主句不能有 but,但是 though 和 yet 可连用。 7. so? that 句型中的 so 位于句首时,需倒装。例如: So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch. 他害怕得很,动也不敢动。 Light travels so fast that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. = So fast does light travel that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. 8. So + 形容词、副词及 such 置于句首时要倒装。 So happy did he feel. Such was me. May you all be happy. 愿你们都快乐。 9. 在某些表示祝愿的句型中。例如: B. he was able to D. will you able to C. was he able to D. was able to he

10. 在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有 were, had, should 等词,可将 if 省略,把 were, had, should 移到主语之前,采取部分倒装。例 如: Were I you, I would try it again. 我是你的话,就再试一次。 11. "分词(代词) + be + 主语"结构。如: Walking at the head of the line was our teacher. Such was the story he told me. done 做形容词在句中做表语时,常把表语放在句首,要用倒装句式。 Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people had to use foreign oil. 12.为了保持句子的平蘅或为了强调表语和状语,或使上下文紧密衔接,把它们放在句首用倒装句。该结构不需加助动词。 East of the town lies a beautiful lake. In a lecture hall of a university in England sits a professor. Outside the doctor’s clinic were twenty patients. 倒装句练习: 选择填空: 1.─You like singing and dancing. ─____.A.So do I 2.Her mother is a warm-hearted old lady. ____。 B.So I do C.I do so D.do I so

A.So my mother is B.So is my motherC.Is my mother so D.my mother so is B.So is it C.it is so D.is it so D.Did neither I

3.The fairy story "Snow White" is very interesting. ____.A.So it is

4.You didn't go for an outing at the seashore. ____.A.Neither do I B.Neither did I 5.Marx was born in Germany,and German was his native language. ____. A.So it was with Engels 6.─Look.There ____. B.So was Engels C.So Engels was D.Was Engels so ─Oh, there ____.A.comes the bus; comes it

C.I didn't neither

B.the bus comes; it comes C.was he; he did go D.was he; went he D.came back Mary

7.Not until ____ sixteen ____ to school.A.he was; did he go 8.Not until the next morning ____. A.did Mary come back

B.he was; he went

B.Mary came back C.came Mary back C.had got home he

9.Hardly ____ when it began to rain.A.had he got home 10.No sooner ____ than he fell asleep. A.his head had touched the pillow C.touched the pillow his head had 11.Little ____.A.did I think of it

B.he had got home

D.he home had got

B.had his head touched the pillow D.touched the pillow had his head C.did think I of it D.thought of it I

B.I thought of it

12.Seldom ____.A.LiLi her feelings showed C.LiLi showed her feelings

B.did show LiLi her feelings

D.did LiLi show her feelings 2

13.Never before in her life ____ such beautiful and precious jewelry.A.he saw 14.Many a time ____ the chess competition. A.had taken he part in B.he taken part in hadC.had he taken part in B.was he

B.did he see C.has she seen

D.she has seen

D.he had taken part in C.he is D.is he

15.So busy ____ that he has no time to spare.A.he was 16.____ with a bunch of flowers in her hand. A.A girl in came 17.Out ____. B.Came in a girl C.In came a girl

D.A girl came in

A.from behind a tall tree ran a little boy B.from behind a tall tree a little boy ran C.ran a little boy from behind a tall tree D.a little boy ran from behind a tall tree 18.In the clear blue sky ____. A.does shine the bright moon. 19.Only in this way ____. A.we can well do it B.can we well do it c.we can do it well D.can we do it well B.the bright moon does shineC.shines the bright moon D.the bright moon shines

20.Only when he has finished his homework ____. A.is able to he play with his friends for a whileB.he able to play with is his friends for a while C.is he able to play with his friends for a whileD.he is able to play with his friends for a while 21.____, he continued his study. A.Late as it was B.As it was late C.Late although it was D.Although was it late

22.Next door to us ____. A.lives an old man,who is an overseas ChineseB.does an old man live,who is an overseas Chinese C.an old man lives who is an overseas ChineseD.an old man who is an overseas Chinese does live 23.____ as young as you, I would study hard.A.Was I 24.____ so hard, they wouldn't have won such great success. A.Hasn't they trained B.If they hasn't train C.Hadn't they trained B.spoke he D.If they didn't train C.did he speak D.he spoke B.Were I C.If I am D.If I was

25.Not a single word ____ when he left.A.did speak he 26.─I don't think I can walk any further. A.Neither am I

─____. Let's stop here for a rest." D.I don't think so D.Here comes the bus D.Neither has Ben C.So does Charlie D.So did Charlie

B.Neither can IC.I think so

27.Be quick! ____.A.The bus comes here

B.The bus here comes C.Here the bus comes C.Nor Ben has B.Charlie did so

28.John's not been to London. ____A.Ben isn't either B.Neither is Ben 29.The doctor asked Charlie to breathe deeply. ____.A.Charlie does so 30.____, he does not know the answer. A.As Mr Smith is a teacher

B.As Mr Smith is teacherC.A teacher as Mr Smith is B.Was I not C.If I am not

D.Teacher as Mr Smith is D.I were not

31.____ so busy,I should go with you.A.Were I not 32.In the front of the classroom ____. A.is the desk for the teacher 33.On the top of the hill ____.

B.has the desk of the teactherC.it is a desk for the teacher A.does a temple stand B.a temple stands there

D.has it a desk of the teacher D.a temple stands D.she does like painting

C.stands a temple

34.Not only ____ but also she likes singing. 35.Now ____. 36. ____ happy. A.comes your turn A.You may be

A.she likes painting B.does she like painting C.your turn comes

C.likes painting she

B.does your turn come B.May you be

D.your turn does come

C.Be you may

D.May be you

37.The students have learned a lot from the workers and ____. A.so the teachers have B.have the teachers so C.so have the teachers D.have so the teachers D. Jumped up the cat

1._______ and caught the mouse.

A. Up the cat jumped B. The cat up jumped C. Up jumped the cat

2.______ and the lesson began. A. In came Mr Brown B. Mr Brown in came C. In came he D. came in Mr Brown 3. Over _______ , dead. A. rolling the goat B. rolled the goat C. did the goat roll D. the goat rolled 4.— Where is my shirt, mum? —_________. A. There is it B. There it is C. There is D. Here is it 5. — Where is your father? —Oh, ________. 3

A. here he comes B. he here comes C. here does he come D. here comes he 6.The door opened and there ________ . A. enters an old man B. entered an old man C. did an old man enter D. an old man entered 7. Now ______ your turn to recite the text. A. will come B. comes C. has come D. there is 8. Often _____ them not to smoke here. A. we advised B. advised me C. did we advise D. had we advised 9. ________ playing soldiers.A. Inside the room were two boys C. Were two boys inside the room B. Inside the room two boys

D. Inside the room was two boys B .Hanged C. hang D. hangs

10. On the wall _______ two large portraits.A. are hanging 11. _______ who was wounded in the stomach. A. Among them were a soldier

B. Among them was a soldier C. Among them a soldier was

D. Among they was a soldier

12. Next door to ours ________ , who is no less than eighty. A. that lives an old man B. does an old man live C. lives an old man D. where lives an old man 13.She plays the piano very well, ______. A. so every one of us does B. every one of us does C. so does every one of us D. so do every one of us 14.You say he works hard, ______, and _____. A. so he does; so you do B. so he does; so do you C. so does he; so do you D. so does he; so you do 15. —I thought you women were present at the meeting. —__________. A. So we were B. So we did C. So were we D. So did we 16.I don’t think Jack will come today, _____. A. nor will Mary 17. She is fond of cooking, _____I . B. and Mary doesn’t C. Mary will either D. or Mary does

A. so am B. nor am C. neither do D. nor do

18.Marx was born in Germany and German was his native language. A. So it was with Engles B. So was it with Engles C. So was Engles D. So did Engles

19.A fish needs water and without water it will die._______. A. So does a man B. So will a man C. So it is with a man D. So is it with a man 20. So absorbed _______ the work that she often forgot to _____ her meals. A. had she been in; do B. she was in; make C. was she in; take D. she had been in ; have 21.So loudly ______ that every one of the class could hear him. A. did he speak B. did he spoke C. spoke he D. he spoke 22. __________ his apperance that no one could recognize him. A. Strange so was B. So strange was C. Was so strange D. So was strange 23.Not once ______ their plan.A. did they change B. they changed C. changed they D. they did change

24. Never ______ such a wonderful place as Hangzhou. A. are seeing B. had I seen C. I have seen D. have I seen 25.Seldom ______ TV during the day. A. they watch B. are they watching C. have they watched D. do they watch 26.Nowhere ______ as in my garden. A. the flowers were so beautiful C. so beautiful were the flowers B. were the flowers so beautiful D. so beautiful the flowers were

27. Hardly ________ his homework when he went out. A. finished he B. he had finished C. did he finish D. had he finished

28.Scarcely _____ finished their homework ______ I came into the classroom. A. had they; than B. they had; when C. had they; when D. did they; when 29. Not only _______ a promise, but also he kept it. A. has he made B. does he make C. he made D. did he make 30. Not until his comrades criticized him _______ to admit his mistake. A. had he begun B. began he C. did he begin D. does he begin

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