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辽宁省沉阳市东北育才学校高中部2013届高三第一次模拟考试英语


第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分) 第一节:单项选择(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. The story of Li Tianyi, the son of ________ famous military singer, driving a BMW without a license and attacking a couple on t

he road has drawn the attention of ________ public. A. the; the B. /; the C. a; an D. a; the 22. ________, I believe, and you will find Tom is very outgoing. A. Having a talk with the student B. One talk with the student C. Given a talk with the student D. If you have a talk with the student 23. The more careful you are while writing a composition,________. A. you make the fewer mistakes B. the few mistakes would you make C. the fewer mistakes you will make D. fewer mistakes will be made 24. At the evening party the host said ________ was able to solve the riddle could get a nice present as a reward. A. whoever B. who C. no matter who D. whomever 25. With modern technology, even babies weighing _______one kilogram at birth can survive. A. as much as B. so much as C. little as D. as little as 26. ________, she stood and stared while the police arrested her husband. A. Amazing B. Being amazed C. Amazed D. Amazement 27. Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That’s __________the best jobs are. A. where B. what C. when D. why 28. What impressed me most about the movie were the _________filmed in New York. A. scenery B. scenes C. sight D. view 29. --- That’s a lovely dress. --- Do you think so? My aunt gave it to me for my birthday, but I don’t _____ the color. A. interest in B. care for C. please with D. fond of 30. So desperate ______ that no one could help another, each ____ to save himself and his animals. A. was the situation; was trying B. the situation was; trying C. the situation was; was trying D. was the situation; trying 31. The employment rate has continued to rise in big cities thanks to the efforts of the local governments to increase________. A. them B. those C. it D. that 32.—Mom,may I play computer games just for a while? —________!Dad is writing his paper. A. How dare you B. It's up to you C. Behave yourself D. Go ahead 33. If you want to book tickets for the 2012 Olympic Games, just call 60952012. It _____be simpler. A. mustn't B. won't C. needn't D. couldn't 34. --- I saw your uncle take a taxi to the airport. Why didn’t you drive him there ? --- I ___. But my car ____. A. would; was fixed B. would have; was fixed C. would have; was being fixed D. did ; was being fixed 35. The lift in that tall building went wrong and got trapped _____ floors. People in it had no way to get out. A. in B. between C. among D. on 第二节 完型填空(共 20 小题, 满分 30 分)

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36.A.when B.in C.though D.for 37.A.calling B.naming C.raising D.educating 38.A.letter B.mark C.number D.sign 39.A.however B.too C.thus D.instead 40.A.outstanding B.unusual C.common D.famous 41.A.everything B.something C.anything D.nothing 42.A.to relate B.relate C.relating D.related 43.A.Many of B.Much C.A great many of D.Some 44.A.popular B.mysterious C.current D.present 45.A.for B.by C.after D.like 46.A.However B.Whereas C.Indeed D.Equally 47.A.in B.after C.since D.till 48.A.make out B.make for C.make use of D.make up 49.A.well-known B.double C.unique D.fantastic 50.A.which B.who C.that D.who that 51.A.changing B.combining C.separating D.dividing 52.A.thought B.thought about C.thought of D.thought over 53.A.become B.sounded C.formed D.developed 54.A.personalities B.ones C.characters D.varieties 55.A.traditional B.convenient C.classic D.contemporary 第三部分:阅 读 第一节:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A The $11 billion self-help industry is built on the idea that you should turn negative thoughts like "I never do anything right" into positive ones like "I can succeed." But was positive thinking advocate Norman Vincent Peale right? Is there power in positive thinking? Researchers in Canada just published a study in the journal Psychological Science that says trying to get people to think more positively can actually have the opposite effect: it can simply highlight how unhappy they are. The study's authors, Joanne Wood and John Lee of the University of Waterloo and Elaine Perunovic of the University of New Brunswick, begin by citing (引证) older research showing that when people get feedback which they believe is overly positive, they actually feel worse, not better. If you tell your friend who is slow to learn that he has the
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potential of an Einstein, you're just underlining his faults. In one 1990s experiment, a team including psychologist Joel Cooper of Princeton asked participants to write essays opposing funding for the disabled. When the essayists were later praised for their sympathy, they felt even worse about what they had written. In this experiment, Wood, Lee and Perunovic measured 68 students' self-esteem. The participants were then asked to write down their thoughts and feelings for four minutes. Every 15 seconds, one group of students heard a bell. When it rang, they were supposed to tell themselves, "I am lovable." Those with low self-esteem didn't feel better after the forced self-affirmation (自我肯定). In fact, their moods turned significantly darker than those of members of the control group, who weren't urged to think positive thoughts. The paper provides support for newer forms of psychotherapy (心理治疗) that urge people to accept their negative thoughts and feelings rather than fight them. In the fighting, we not only often fail but can make things worse. Meditation (静思) techniques, in contrast, can teach people to put their shortcomings into a larger, more realistic viewpoint. Call it the power of negative thinking. 56. The first paragraph is written ___________. A. to raise an argument about positive thinking B. to introduce the power of positive thinking C. to encourage people to have positive thoughts D. to introduce the $11 billion self-help industry 57. According to the study of the Canadian researchers, ___________. A. positive thinking is not as powerful as negative thinking B. encouraging positive thinking may actually discourage people C. happy people can think positively while unhappy people can’t D. getting people to think positively can strengthen their confidence 58. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 mean? A. You are pointing out the mistakes he has made. B. You are reminding him that he is not intelligent. C. You are not taking his mistakes seriously enough. D. You are showing he has great potential in spite of faults. 59. We can learn from the last paragraph that ___________. A. negative feelings must be got rid of B. there’s no point in thinking positively C. it doesn’t make sense to think negatively D. negative thinking is not always negative B Dear Volunteers, The service you will provide to elderly individuals in Abilene as a Meals on Wheels volunteer is deeply appreciated. I want to take this opportunity to thank you for the many miles you will travel and all of the hours you will contribute to help make this one of the best programs in the entire state. We have our staff members make a home visit before adding each person to the program and try to visit everyone at least once every year. That is hardly enough, and we depend on your contact a great deal! It is important that you report back when you do not get an answer to your knock on the door. The person inside may be hurt or ill. They may be in hospital or out of town and fail to inform us. If they are frequently absent, we may need to determine if they still need meals. If you find someone with a medical emergency, please call 911 to request medical assistance, and then call the Meals on Wheels office. If you find someone who needs assistance other than for a medical emergency, please call the Meals on Wheels office at 6725050, and we will try to find the appropriate agency or individual to call. Let us know when a certain person needs extra food. We have a food preparation room of shelf stable items to share with them. Please feel free to take a few magazines when you deliver meals. Many of those we serve cannot afford magazines and enjoy reading. If someone is interested in getting books from the Abilene Public Library, let us know. We can sign them up for the Books on Wheels program. Call if you smell gas strongly when you deliver meals, or if someone needs a space heater, a blanket, or an electric fan. Please convey all needs to us, and we will try to see that they are met. Some of the elderly people who we offer our service may have cancers, liver diseases, AIDS, etc. If you do not
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want to deliver meals to the people with certain types of health problems, such as these, please let us know. Sincerely, Betty L. Bradley, LBSW, Executive Director 60. Why does the author write this letter? A. To express great thanks to volunteers. B. To explain how the old people get help. C. To tell volunteers what they are tasked with. D. To describe the life situation of the old people. 61. What can we learn about the volunteers from the passage? A. They order books for needy people. B. They design programs to help people. C. They offer medical help to sick people. D. They deliver food to the elderly people. 62. How does the author learn about the needs of the people served? A. The volunteers report back the information to him. B. His staff members call them to get the information. C. He visits them now and then to get the information. D. The family members send the information to his office. C Generations of Americans have been brought up to believe that a good breakfast is essential to one's life. Eating breakfast at the start of the day, we have been told, and told again, is as necessary as putting gasoline in the family car before starting a trip. But for many people, the thought of food as the first thing in the morning is never a pleasure. So in spite of all the efforts, they still take no breakfast. Between 1977 and 1983, the latest year for which figures could be obtained, the number of people who didn’t have breakfast increased by 33%—from 8.8 million to 11.7 million—according to the Chicago-based Market Research Corporation of America. For those who dislike eating breakfast, however, there is some good news. Several studies in the last few years have shown that, for grown-ups especially, there may be nothing wrong with omitting breakfast. “Going without breakfast does not affect work,” said Arnold E. Bender, former professor of nutrition at Queen Elizabeth College in London, “nor does giving people breakfast improve work.” Scientific evidence linking breakfast to better health or better work is surprisingly inadequate, and most of the recent work involves children, not grown-ups. “The literature,” says one researcher, Dr Earnest Polite at the University of Texas, “is poor.” 63. The main idea of the passage is that _______. A. breakfast has nothing to do with people's health B. a good breakfast used to be important to us C. breakfast is not as important to us as gasoline to a car D. breakfast is not as important as we thought before 64. For those who do not take breakfast, the good news is that _______. A. several studies have been done in the past few years B. the omission of breakfast has little effect on one’s work C. grown-ups have especially made studies in this field D. eating little in the morning is good for health 65. The underlined part “nor does giving people breakfast improve work” means _______. A. people without breakfast can improve their work B. not giving people breakfast improves work C. having breakfast does not improve work, either D. people having breakfast do improve their work, too 66. The word "literature" in the last sentence refers to _______. A. stories, poems, play, etc B. written works on a particular subject C. newspaper articles D. the modern literature of America
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67. What is implied but not stated by the author is that _______. A. breakfast does not affect work B. Dr Polite works at an institution of higher learning C. not eating breakfast might affect the health of children D. Professor Bender once taught college courses in nutrition in London D

68. We can infer that the passage was written in ________. A. 2005 B. 2006 C. 2007 D. 2008 69. The author first discovered the effects of music ________. A. from his parents B. by chance C. at work D. when he was a child 70. The author mentions the experience of collecting bottle openers in Paragraph 3 to ________. A. tell us that life is dull B. prove that music affects mood C. tell us how to seek happiness D. tell us bad mood can affect work 第二节: (共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Many people think of guys as being carefree when it comes to their appearance. But in fact, a lot of guys spend plenty of time in front of the mirror. 71 . Body image is a person’s opinions and feelings about his or her own body and physical appearance. 72 . You appreciate your body for its capabilities and accept its imperfections. So, what can you do to develop a positive body image? Here are some ideas: Recognize your strengths. Different body types are good for different things. What does your body do well? Maybe your speed, strength, or coordination makes you better than others at a certain sport. That may be basketball, table tennis, mountain biking, dancing, or even running. Or perhaps you have non-sports skills, like drawing, painting, singing, playing a musical instrument, writing, or acting. 73 . Exercise regularly. Exercise can help you look good and feel good about yourself. Good physiques (体形) don’t just happen. 74 . A healthy habit can be as simple as exercising 20 minutes to one hour three days a week. Working out can also lift your spirits. Respect your body! Practicing good habits --- regular showering; taking care of your teeth, hair, and skin; wearing clean clothes, and so on --- can help you build a positive body image. 75 . Your body is just one part of who you are. Your talent for comedy, a quick wit (智慧), and all the
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other things make you unique. So try not to let small imperfections take over. A. Use this as an opportunity to discover what you’re good at. B. Be yourself. C. They care just as much as girls do about their body image. D. Just explore talents that you feel good about. E. They take hard work, regular workouts, and a healthy diet. F. The good news is that self-image and body image can be changed. G. Having a positive body image means feeling satisfied with the way you look. 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每 句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Mr. Turner turned over in bed from time to time in last night, for he was very excited that he could not fall asleep. Yesterday morning, he went to a big gardening company, knowing as Green Fingers, for the interview. Mr. Turner, that liked to help his grandfather grow flowers in the garden, looking forward to the job offered by the company. When he got to the company, he found there were many people waiting there and he had no ideas whether he could get the job. While waited, he helped the workers there to remove the fallen trees and clear the road. Unluckily, he was the only one who finally got the job, so the manager decided to give the job to whoever he believed was helpful.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 2 月 4 日,星期天上午,你们班同学骑车到学校附近的公园组织了一次环保活动。请根据下表内容,写一篇 日记,发表你对此次活动的看法。 1组 2组 3组 你的看法 注意: 1.日记必须包括表内所有的内容,可以适当增加细节,使内容连贯; 2.日记格式及首句已给出,不列入总词数; 3.词数:100 词左右。 4.参考词汇:烟蒂 cigarette end February 4, Sunday 标牌 board Fine 扫除:清理废纸、烟蒂、塑料袋等废弃物 宣传:树立标牌,告诉游客要爱护花木 演讲:向游客宣传“白色污染”的害处以及保护环境的重要性 ……

This morning our class organized an environmental protection activity in the nearby park. _________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________
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2012-2013 学年度高三第一次模拟考试英语试卷
参考答案 高三英语组

短文改错: Mr. Turner turned over in bed from time to time in last night, for he was very excited that he could not fall asleep. Yesterday morning, he went to so a big gardening company, knowing as Green Fingers, for the interview. known an Mr. Turner, that liked to help his grandfather grow flowers in the garden, who ∧looking forward to the job offered by the company. When he got to the was 或 looked company, he found there were many people waiting there and he had no ideas whether he could get the job. While waited, he helped the idea waiting workers there to remove the fallen trees and clear the road. Unluckily, he Luckily was the only one who finally got the job, so the manager decided to give because the job to whoever he believed was helpful.

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