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【名师导学系列】2013年高考英语人教版第一轮精品配套练习必修1 Unit 3 Travel journal


Unit 3
核心词汇

Travel journal

游记

1.After the flood,many things have been ____________(运送)to the flooded area. 2.I think you don’t know your own ____________

(缺点).In fact,no one is perfect. 3.He is so ____________(顽固的)that nobody can change his mind. 4. shouldn’t have a wrong ____________(态度)towards the students who are poor We at their studies. 5 . My grandfather is unhealthy all the time , but he isn’t interested in life ____________(保险). 6.The new bridge has been finished two years ahead of ____________(日程). 7.We are looking for someone who is ____________(可靠的)and hardworking. 8.We tried to p____________ him to give up smoking,but he just wouldn’t listen. 9.He is a ____________ young man.Once he has made up his mind,nothing can change it.He is famous for his ______________.(determine) 10. Children should learn to behave ____________ because ____________ words and behaviours will help them to reach their ambitions.In other words,if a person always behaves ____________,he will find it hard to realize his dream.(proper)

高频短语
1.________________ 从那以后 2.________________ 喜爱;喜欢 3.__________________ 关心;忧虑;惦念 4.________________ 改变主意 5.________________ 下决心;决定 6.________________ 投降;屈服;让步 7.________________ 照常 8.________________ 在午夜 9.________________ 在某处或某一时刻 10.________________ 张贴;搭建

重点句式
1. ___________ middle school, sister Wang Wei and I have____________ taking my a great bike trip. 从高中起,我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想作一次了不起的自行车旅行。 2.____________ my sister __________ first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 首先想到沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我的姐姐。 3 . ____________ she didn’t know the best way of getting to places , she ______________ she organize the trip properly. 虽然她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚, 她却坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得尽 善尽美。 4. When I told her the air would __________________ and it would be very cold, she
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said it would be an interesting experience. 当我告诉她那里空气稀薄, 呼吸困难而且天气很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的 经历。 5.____________ she has made up her mind,nothing can change it. 她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。

知识详解
1.prefer vt. 更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物) (回归课本 P17)Which kind of transport do you prefer to use:bus or train? 你更愿意用哪种交通工具:汽车还是火车? 11 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ① The majority of people interviewed prefer TV to radio. 大多数接受采访的人都喜欢看电视而不喜欢听收音机。 ② prefer walking to cycling. I 我喜欢步行更甚于骑自行车。 ③ would prefer that you (should)not mention my name. I 我希望你不要说出我的名字。 ④ prefers to stay at home rather than go shopping. He 他宁可呆在家里也不愿意去逛商店。 [即境活用] 1.Even on a cold day he prefers________out to play football________at home. A.going;rather stay B.going;to staying C.to go;rather than staying D.to go;rather than to stay 解析: 2.persuade vt. 劝说;说服 (回归课本 P18)Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one. 两年前,她买了一辆昂贵的山地车,然后说服我也买了一辆。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ① persuaded her into giving up that foolish idea. I 我劝她放弃了那个愚蠢的想法。 ② finally persuaded him out of smoking/not to smoke. I 我最终说服了他戒烟。 ③ (牛津 P1482)It will be difficult to persuade them that there is no other choice. 很难让他们相信别无选择。 ④ tried to persuade me to give up smoking,but in vain. He 他尽力劝服我戒烟,但是没有用。 [即境活用] 2.完成句子
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(1)不要被说服买你实际上并不需要的东西。 Don’t let yourself ________ ________ ________buying things you don’t really need. 答案: (2)她劝我不要放弃工作,离开家人。 She ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________the job and leaving the family. 答案: (3)我还不能完全信服这个计划的优点。 I am still not fully ________ ________ the plan’s advantages. 答案: 3.determine vt.& vi. 决定;确定;(使)下定决心 (回归课本 P18)She gave me a determined look-the kind that said she would not change her mind. 她给了我一个坚决的表情——那种表明她不会改变主意的表情。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ① (牛津 P545)A date for the meeting has yet to be determined. 会议日期尚待确定。 ② The teacher’s encouraging words determined him to study harder.老师令人鼓舞的 话使他决心更加努力学习。 ③ determined on an early start/(that)we’d make an early start.我们决定早些出发。 We [即境活用] 3.完成句子 (1)No matter what happens,she has ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(决定把真相说出来). 答案: (2)I left the place,________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________(决 定再也不回来了). 答案: 4.view n. 风景;视野;观点;见解 vt. 观看;注视;考虑 (回归课本 P22)To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us, we were surprised by the view. 爬那些山是很辛苦的事情, 但当我们环顾四周的时候,我们对那里的景色感到吃 惊。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ① (牛津 P2243)In my view,it was a waste of time. 依我看来,那是浪费时间。 ② The view from the top of the hill is wonderful. 从山顶上眺望,风景真美。 ③ view of the weather,we will cancel the outing. In 因天气关系,我们要取消此次郊游。 ④ (牛津 P2243)How do you view your position within the company?
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你如何看待自己在公司中的位置? [即境活用] 4.I would like to buy a house which has a(n)________over the sea. A.image B.view C.sight D.scenery 解析: 5.(淄博模拟)After so many days on the way,even Charles cheered up at the________of the food. A.look B.sight C.view D.appearance 解析: 5.give in 屈服;投降;让步;上交 (回归课本 P18)Finally,I had to give in. 最后,我只能让步了。 [归纳拓展] give in to sb.对某人让步 give away 赠送;泄露,出卖 give off 放出;散发出(液体、气体、气味、热量、能量、光、声音等) give out 分发;用完,消耗尽,筋疲力竭 give up 放弃,戒掉;停止;认输;把……送交 [例句探源] ① would rather die than give in. He 他宁死不屈。 ② has given in to my views. He 他被迫接受了我的观点。 ③ Please give your work in before Monday. 请在星期一之前把作业交上来。 ④ (朗文 P641)She gave away all her money to the poor. 她把所有的钱都捐给了穷人。 ⑤ The eggs were giving off a bad smell. 鸡蛋发出臭味。 [即境活用] 6.If a person has not had enough sleep,his actions will give him________during the day. A.away B.up C.in D.back 解析: 7.________he is determined to do something,no one is able to persuade him to________. A.As soon as;give away B.Although;give in C.As long as;give out D.Once;give up 解析:
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6.change one’s mind 改变主意 (回归课本 P18)She gave me a determined look-the kind that said she would not change her mind. 她给了我一个坚决的表情——那种表明她不会改变主意的表情。 [归纳拓展] make up one’s mind 下决心,决定 bear/keep...in mind 记住 have...in mind 考虑;打算 call/bring sth.to mind 回忆起某事 fix one’s mind upon 把注意力集中在…… [例句探源] ① Nothing could change his mind,so the meeting ended. 什么也不能使他改变主意,因此会议结束了。 ② (朗文 P958)Have you made up your mind what to do yet? 你已经拿定主意做什么了吗? ③ (朗文 P958)You must bear in mind that their customs are very different to ours. 你必须记住,他们的风俗习惯跟我们的大不一样。 [温馨提示] make up one’s mind 要根据具体人称来确定 mind 的单复数形式。 [即境活用] 8.Though they met with much difficulty,the team________ to go on with the experiment. A.changed their minds B.made up their minds C.took their minds D.gave their minds 解析:

句型梳理
1 【教材原句】 When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold,she said it would be an interesting experience.(P18) 当我告诉她那里空气稀薄, 呼吸困难而且天气很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的 经历。 【句法分析】 在句子“I told her the air would be hard to breathe”中的 to breathe 是动词不定式的主动形式,但却表示被动意义。 ① far as I know,he is easy to get along with. As 据我所知,他很容易相处。 ② a difficult question to answer. It’s 这是个很难回答的问题。 ③ Harry Potter is interesting to read. 《哈利· 波特》读起来很有趣。 [即境活用] 9.I like getting up very early in summer.The morning air is so good ________. A.to be breathed B.to breathe
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C.breathing D.being breathed 解析: 10.(高考四川卷)In many people’s opinion,that company,though relatively small, is pleasant________. A.to deal with B.dealing with C.to be dealt with D.dealt with 解析: 2【教材原句】 Once she has made up her mind,nothing can change it.(P18) 她一旦下定决心,就没有什么能改变(她的心意)。 【句法分析】 once 在此处为从属连词,引导时间状语从句,意为“一旦…… 就……”。 ① Once you understand the rule,you will have no further difficulty.你一旦了解了这 个规则就不会感到困难了。 ② Once you show any fear,he will attack you. 一旦你表现出恐惧,他就会攻击你。 ③ Once you form a bad habit,it’s very difficult to get rid of it. 一旦养成了坏习惯,你就很难改掉它。 [即境活用] 11.(高考北京卷)________ they decide which college to go to,students should research the admission procedures. A.As B.While C.Until D.Once 解析: 12.(高考山东卷)The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day,________accompanied by an adult. A.once B.when C.if D.unless 解析:

作文指导
如何写好简单句 优化句式是指在写作过程中要注意句式的变化,避免平铺直叙,罗列事实。真正 优秀的文章应做到长短句搭配合理,主、被动准确运用,适当穿插倒装、强调、 比较等特殊句式, 并能够恰当使用连接成分以确保各句之间紧密衔接,从而使文 章错落有致,如高山流水般顺畅。 简单句指的是只包括一个主语和一个谓语的句 子。英语中简单句的基本结构主要有以下 5 种: 1.主语+不及物动词(S+V) The door bell rang./She sat down. 2.主语+系动词+表语(S+V+P) The flowers are(smell)sweet./Mother isn’t in at the moment. 3.主语+及物动词+宾语(S+V+O) Who can answer this question?/Columbus discovered America. 4.主语+动词+间接宾语+直接宾语(S+V+O+O)
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My uncle gave me a camera./I’ll give you something to eat. 5.主语+及物动词+宾语+补语(S+V+O+C) She painted the walls light green./I smelt something burning 以上 5 种基本结构是英语句子的“主干”结构,所有的句子,不管多么复杂,都是 主干结构的扩展和延伸。 反过来说,不管你组建什么样的句子,你必须从“主干”开始构建,也就是必须严 格遵循语法规则,这是英语作为一种“形合语言”的最基本要求。 【佳句选粹】 ① now declare my decision. I ② I,who am a senior of the English department,now declare my decision that I will run for the chairman of the Students’ Union. 【分析】 第① 句的基本结构是“主语+谓语+宾语”。为了让读者了解更多的信 息,第② 句在第① 句“主干”结构的基础上增加了一些“枝叶”成分。主语“I”后增加 了一个 who 引导的非限制性定语从句, 宾语“my decision”后增加了一个同位语从 句,这样,该句就在原有的基础上扩充了“我是谁?”和“我的决定是什么?”两方 面的信息。

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