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【个人手工制作】新牛津高中英语模块1-2期末知识点回顾及复习题


新牛津高中英语模块 1-2 期末知识点回顾及复习题

期末知识点回顾

一、词汇大集合

模 块 一 重点高频单词: 1. experience vt.&n.体验,经历 2. approve vt.&vi.批准,通过;赞成,同意 3. preparation n.准备,筹备 4. devote vt.致力

于;献身 5. inform vt.通知,告知 6. donate vt.捐赠 7. exchange n.&vt.交换;交流 8. deserve vt.值得;应得;应受 9. insist vi.坚持,坚持认为 10. defend vt.辩解,辩白 11. tolerate vt.容忍;允许 12. forbid vt.禁止,不准 13. normal n.&adj.正常(的),一般(的)

14. recover vt.重新获得;恢复 vi. 复原,恢复健康 15. suffer vt.&vi.受苦;遭受(磨难) 16. damage vt.损害 n. [U]破坏;伤害 damages n.[pl.]赔偿金 17. count vi.认为,算作;重要 vt. 数数;计算 18. concentrate vt.&vi.集中(注意力,思想等);全神贯注 19. affect vt.影响;(病毒)感染 20. respect n.&vt.尊敬,尊重 1 用括号里所给词的适当形式填空: 1. Hearing his travelling ________ , I knew that he was an

________ traveller. (experience) 2. ________(devote) his body and soul to bringing up -to-date technology and international attention to China's AIDS problem, Dr. David Ho, born in Taiwan, spent little time with his family. 3. The boss forbids ________(smoke) in working hours, and all

the workers are ________(forbid, smoke) in the company. 【答案】 1. experiences; experienced 3. smoking; forbidden to smoke 重点高频短语: 1. for free 免费 2. make use of 利用 2. Devoting

3. in charge of 负责,管理 4. do with 处理, 对待; 忍受 5. now that 既然;由于 6. be dying for sth./to do sth. 渴望??;极想?? 7. work out 锻炼身体; 算出; 理解; 成功地发展 8. fall out (头发或牙齿)脱落; 争吵 9. get into shape 强身健体;把??整理好;使??条理化 10. give up 放弃;戒掉 11. more than 超过;不仅仅 12. come up with 提出;想出 13. look back (on)回忆,回顾 14. bring back 使想起;给??带回;使恢复 15. stay up 不睡觉,熬夜 16. take in 吸收;收留;欺骗;理解 17. in no time 立刻,马上 18. be hard on 对??苛刻, 对??严厉 19. inform sb. of sth.通知某人某事 20. be supposed to 应该, 应当 2 单项填空: 1. The professor also mentioned an article ________ Ziqing. by Zhu

A. supposed to have been written B. supposed to be written C. supposing to have been written D. supposing to be written 2. The little boy is naughty. His parents don't know how to ________ him. A. do with C. deal with B. care about D. contact with ________ our competitors in using the

3. We can't afford to new technology. A. fall out C. fall for

B. fall down D. fall behind 3. D

【答案】 1. A 2. C 佳句读背:

1. Whether students want to exercise or just want some fun, they can use our gym. 无论学生是想要锻炼还是只想娱乐, 他们都可以使用我们的体 育馆。 2. Upon_finishing_his_studies,_he started travelling in China.学习 一结束,他就开始游历中国。 3. Our club is much_more_than just music. 我们的俱乐部不只是播放音乐。

4. Daniel has_his_arms_crossed_and looks upset. Daniel 双臂抱在胸前,看起来很不高兴。 5. I just read your post and would like to tell you about my brother, who had_the_same_problem_as_your friend. 我刚刚读了你的帖子,想把我哥哥的情况告诉你,我哥哥和你的 朋友面临同样的难题。 6. A good amount of sleep every night is also important for your health. 每晚大量的睡眠对你的健康也是重要的。 3 判断下列句子的正误(正确的写“T”,错误的写“F”) 他一进入房间电话铃就响了。 1. Hardly had he got into the room when the telephone rang. 2. No sooner he had got into the room when the telephone rang. 3. Upon getting into the room, he heard the telephone ringing. 4. The moment he got into the room, and the telephone rang. 【答案】 1. T 2. F 3. T 4. F

模 块 二 重点高频单词: 1. due adj.由于,因为;预期的;适当的;应付的 2. witness n.目击者,证人 vt. 目击, 见证 3. assume vt.假定;认为;承担 4. occur vi.发生;出现 5. exist vi.存在;生存 6. dismiss vt.解雇;解散;不予考虑 7. award n.奖,奖品,奖金 vt. 授予, 奖励 8. survive vt.&vi.生存;(挺过)难关 9. advance n.前进;预先 vi. 前进,进步 vt. 促进; 提升 10. arrange vt.&vi.安排 11. supply n.&vt.提供,供给,补给 12. scare vt.使恐惧,惊吓 scary adj. 可怕的, 吓人的 13. explore vt.&vi.探测;探索;勘探 14. spot n.地点,场所;斑点 vt.发现; 沾上污点 15. announce vt.宣布, 宣称 16. convince vt.使确信, 使相信;说服,劝说 17. preserve vt.保护;保藏,防腐;保持 n. 保护区

18. inspire vt.启迪, 赋予灵感;激励,鼓舞 19. disturb vt.打扰, 扰乱

20. fortune n. [C]一大笔钱;财富;[U]运气 21. curious adj.好奇的,求知欲强的 22. apply vi.申请 vt.使用,应用 23. superior n.上级, 上司 adj. 更好的;更高的 24. murder vt.&n.谋杀 1 用括号里所给词的适当形式填空: 1. ________ (consider) Australia's relatively small population, its

outstanding performances in the Olympic Games was really ________ (amaze). 2. The present financial crisis has greatly contributed to many workers ________ (dismiss) and factory closing down. ________ (award/reward/price)

3. She showed us the athletics she had won.

【答案】 1. Considering;amazing 2. being dismissed 3. awards 重点高频短语: 1. step up 加紧,加强,促进;增加,提高 2. show up 到场,露面;显示出来 3. look into 调查;审查 4. look forward to 期望, 盼望 5. be about to 将要, 正打算

6. set sail (for) 启航 7. as well as 除??之外,也,还;和??一样 8. come across (偶然)遇见;发现;被理解 9. result in 导致 10. pay off 成功,带来好结果;还清 11. make one's way to 前往;到??去 12. belong to 属于 13. get close to 接近 14. come into use 使用 15. go out 熄灭;过时 16. go down in history 载入史册 17. look up to 敬佩 18. in case 以防万一;如果 19. tourist spot 旅游景点 20. put on 穿戴;上演;播放;增加 2 单项填空: 1. Women's social position in China has been much in the past 50 years. A. pulled up C. stepped up 2. Women's B. lifted up D. risen up earnings are well below men's ________ ________

educational differences that are decreasing between the two sexes. A. in spite of C. in case of B. in favour of D. in terms of ________ for 20 minutes

3. The operation on my mother was because there was electricity failure. A. interrupted C. missed 【答案】 1. C 佳句读背: B. disturbed D. lost 2. A 3. A

1. Standing_inside_were_lots_of_strange_creatures with white skin and large black eyes. 里面站着许多白皮肤,眼睛又黑又大的奇怪生物。 2. The Yeti is_said_to_be_a large, hairy animal that walks on two feet like a human being. 据说野人是一种身体庞大,多毛的动物,它像人一样用两只脚行 走。 3. Wish you were_ here. 如果你在这里就好了。

4. Nature has provided Shangri-la with endless natural treasures, making_the_land_a_happy_home_for_local_people. 大自然为香格里拉提供了无数的自然宝藏, 使得这片土地成为 当地人们的幸福家园。 5. If_breathed_in,_they can result in illness or even death.

一旦被人吸入,它们可能会导致疾病甚至死亡。 6. What_is_certain,_though, is_that_“the curse of the mummy” remains a riddle to this day. 但是有一点可以肯定的是, “木乃伊的诅咒”至今仍是个谜。 3 用括号里所给词的适当形式填空: 1. I hurried to Professor Wang's house only out. 2. Her husband died in 1924, children. 【答案】 1. to find 2. leaving ________(leave) her with five ________(find) he was

二、复习题

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.At last,all his efforts paid ________—he won the big prize as he wished. A.back B.off C.for D.down 2.Justin Bieber’s rise to fame is an ________ story which________ thousands of young actors. A.inspiring;has inspired B.inspired;inspired C.inspiring;had inspired D.inspired;has been inspiring 3.________why he was late again,the boy just kept silent. A.When asking B.When he asked

C.When he was asking D.When asked 4.Thank you for all your hard work last week.I don’t think we ________ it without you. A.can manage B.could have managed C.could manage D.can have managed 5. John’s success has nothing to do with good luck.It is years of hard work ________ has made him what he is today. A.why B.when C.that D.which 6.Allow your daughter to go out to play for a moment,because her homework ________. A.is finished B.was finished C.has been finished D.had been finished 7. My friend, Tom, left New York in 1976 and ________since then. A.hadn’t been heard of B.hasn’t been heard of C.hasn’t heard of D.hadn’t heard of 8.—You speak very good Chinese. —Thanks.I ________ it for 4 years before I came to China. A.studied B.study C.was studying D.had studied 9 . The father as well as three children ________ skiing every Sunday afternoon in winter. A.is going B.go C.goes D.are going 10. ________ you promise to buy her a gift, you can’t break it in any case. A.Once B.Until C.For D.That 11.The hero of the story is an artist in his ________,who lived in ________. A.thirty;the 1930s B.thirties;the 1930 C.thirty;1930s D.thirties;the 1930s 12.In rap music,the singer,or rapper,will speak or rap the words ________ the beat. A.along with B.apart from C.all through D.up to 13. After ________ seemed an endless effort, the patient was finally able to carry out ________ seemed a perfectly normal walk. A.what;what B.that;that C.it;what D.which;like 14.—Do remember to take this medicine three times a day with

warm boiled water. —________. A.Heard it B.Got it C.Take it D.Make it 15. The minister ________ your presence at the next meeting. Please get ready for it. A.hopes B.desires C.longs D.wishes Ⅱ.完形填空 Robert Moody,52, is an experienced police officer.Much of his work involves dealing with__16__an gang (团伙)problems in the schools of his community.Knowing that many kids often __17__trouble,he decided to do something about it.So in 1991 he began to invite small groups of kids to go fishing with him on his day__18__. Those fun trips had a (n)__19__impact.A chance encounter in 2000 proved that.One day, __20__working security at a school basketball game, Moody noticed two young guys__21__.He sensed trouble between them.__22__one of them headed toward Moody and gave him a hug.“ I __23__you.You took me__24__when I was in fifth grade.That was one of the __25__days of my life.” Deeply touched by the boy’s word,Moody decided to create a foundation( 基金会 )that __26__teenagers to the basics of fishing in camping programs.“As a policeman,I saw __27__there was violence, drugs were always behind it.They have a damaging __28__on the kids,” says Moody. By turning kids on to fishing, he__29__to present an alternative way of life.“When you’re sitting there waiting for a__30__,”he says, “you can’t help but talk to each other,and such__31__can be pretty deep.” “Talking about drugs helped prepare me for the peer( 同 龄 人)pressures in high school,” says Michelle,17 who__32__the first program.“And I was able to help my little brother __33__drugs.” Moody faces __34__ in three years,when he hopes to run the foundation fulltime.“I’m living a happy life and I have a responsibility to my __35__ to give back, ” Moody says.“If I teach a kid to fish today, he can teach his brother to fish tomorrow.” 16.A.drinking B.drug C.security D.smoking 17.A.ran into B.got over

C.left behind D.looked into 18.A.ahead B.away C.off D.out 19.A.immediate B.damaging C.limited D.lasting 20.A.once B.while C.since D.until 21.A.quarreling B.complaining C.talking D.cheering 22.A.Slowly B.Suddenly C.Finally D.Secretly 23.A.understand B.hear C.see D.remember 24.A.fishing B.sailing C.boating D.swimming 25.A.quietest B.longest C.best D.busiest 26.A.connects B.introduces C.reduces D.commits 27.A.where B.unless C.as D.whether 28.A.impression B.burden C.decision D.impact 29.A.asked B.intended C.pretended D.agreed 30.A.solution B.change C.bite D.surprise 31.A.concerns B.interests C.conversations D.emotions 32.A.participated in B.worked out C.approved of D.made up 33.A.misuse B.avoid C.tolerate D.test 34.A.unemployment B.challenge C.competition D.retirement 35.A.team B.school C.family D.community Ⅲ.任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里 填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。 President Barack Obama shouldn’t be surprised if his approval rating among students has plummeted(陡然变差).In a recent speech about US education,he called for extending the school days and the school year.“The challenges of a new century demand more time in the

classroom.Why more time? Because US students are falling behind students in other countries,” he said. More school US schools need to lengthen school days and the school year.If we intend to stay competitive with the rest of the world on test scores and in the job market,we need to add classroom hours and get rid of summer break almost entirely.As President Obama said,South Korean students spend more than a month longer in school and achieve better results than us. The current twoterm school year and the school days that form it were developed based on an old system of agriculture.The long summer break allowed children to be home to help tend the fields.It is not necessary anymore.It may not be popular to cut summer break or extend school days,but that’s the only way to improve US education and get back the American jobs lost to foreign countries. Home Time Adding school hours won’t solve the problems with our school system.The USA is different from other countries.US families have full schedules,with participation in sports,community groups,and other interests.In places such as South Korea, where only several hours of a day aren’t spent on school work,children don’t have time to participate in many of those activities. Giving kids time outside of school allows them to grow in other areas.That’s just as important as learning fractions ( 分数 ) . Fingers shouldn’t be pointed at the school year for being too short , but at teachers and schools that don’t challenge their students and just pass kids along to the next grade.We do need to hold ourselves accountable for an education system falling behind other countries,but we also need a solution that actually works. Title Barack Obama’s ideas arouse a 37.______ Different opinions 39._______ views ●To keep 40.______in the scores and in the job market; ●The long summer break is 41.______; Should School Hours Be 36.______? US students need 38.______time to keep up with students in other countries.

Objectors’ views

●Adding school hours is the only 42.______to improve US education. ●Adding school hours isn’t a 43.______to the problems with the school system; ●Giving kids enough 44.______time allows them to grow in other areas; ●What actually needs to be done is to 45.______the current education system.

Ⅰ.1.B won the big prize 暗示该空表示“得到回报”, 因此应用 pay off 短语。 2. A 考查 inspire 的用法和动词的时态。 inspiring 鼓舞人心的, 启发灵感的,常用来修饰物;inspired 有灵感的,常用来指人。所以 第一空用 inspiring。根据本句的时态可知第二空选用现在的某种时态, 所以选择 A 项正确。 3.D 考查连词+分词形式作状语。根据句意“那个男孩被追 问为什么迟到”可知,选择 D 项正确。 4.B could have done 表示对过去某事的一种假设,说的是与 现在事实相反的情况。句意:感谢你们上周的努力工作,我想如果没 有你们,我们是不可能完成它的。 5.C 考查强调句型。强调句型的基本结构:It is/was+被强调 内容+ that(who/whom) +其他内容。本句强调了主语 years of hard work,原句即 Years of hard work has made him what he is today. 6.C 考查动词的时态。由语境可判断该空表示“到目前为止 她的作业已经被完成了”,故用现在完成时的被动语态,选 C。 7.B 考查动词的时态和语态。句意:我的朋友汤姆 1976 年离 开纽约,从那时起就没有听到过他的消息。 8.D 考查动词的时态。此处 before I came to China 表明 study 发生在“过去的过去”,故用过去完成时。 9.C 主语部分是 as well as 并列的两个名词,谓语动词的人称 和数与前面的主语 the father 保持一致,即用第三人称单数形式,由 此排除 B、D 两项。再根据句末的时间状语确定用一般现在时,所以 选 C。句意:父亲和三个孩子在冬天的每个周日下午去滑雪。 10.A 考查连词。句意:一旦你承诺给她买礼物,无论怎样你 都不能失信。

11. D in one’s thirties 在某人三十多岁时, in the 1930s 或 in the 1930’s 在二十世纪三十年代。 12. A along with“和??一起”, apart from“除??之外”, all through“自始至终”,up to“直到”。句意:说唱者一边说一边 敲击。 13.A after 在??之后;carry out 执行。两空均用 what 引导 宾语从句,并在从句中作主语。 14.B 考查交际用语。句意:——务必记着用温开水一日吃三 次药。——我明白了。此处 get it 意为:明白了。 15.B 考查动词辨析。句意:部长希望你出席下次会议。请做 好准备。 hope 后不能直接跟人作宾语; desire 要求, 想要; long 渴望, 是不及物动词;wish 希望,强调希望渺茫,根据后句可知此项不符。 故选 B 项。 Ⅱ.16.B 根据下文的 drugs were always behind it 和 Talking about drugs helped prepare me for the peer(同龄人)pressures in high school 可 以确定,此处是指“毒品,吸毒”。 17.A 由空格后的 trouble,和句意可知此处是指“很多小孩陷 入困境之中”。 18.C 既然前面说邀请小孩去钓鱼,一般应该是休班、休假的 日子,所以,要选择 off。 19. D 通过下文的例子, 可以看出 Robert Moody 警官的钓鱼教 育法有着“持久的”影响。 20.B 从上下句的逻辑关系看,空格所在的句子,表示时间, 意思是“在??的时候”,其他几个词虽然都可以表示时间,但意思 不合题意。 21.A 从下文的 He sensed trouble between them.可以判断,那 两个人是在“吵架”。 22.B 在 Robert Moody 警官意识到要出乱子的时候,“突然” 发生了下面的事情。对 Robert Moody 警官来说有点意外。 23.D 因为下文提到是五年级带着他去钓鱼,所以用 remember 比较恰当。 24.A 带着他去钓鱼。 25.C 既然记得那么清楚,说明那天对他来说很重要,所以用 best。 26.B 把青少年引导过来。 27.A where 引导地点状语从句,意思是“在有暴力的地方, 其后也总有毒品”。 28.D have an impact on 是一个固定短语,意思是“对??有

影响”。上文 19 空有这个短语。 29. B By turning kids on to fishing 是方式, 第 29 空为表示意图, 用 intended 合适。 30.C 此处是钓鱼术语,等待鱼儿上钩。 31.C 与前面的 talk to each other 意义一致。 32.A participated in 是“加入,参加”的意思;worked out 的 意思是“解出,制定,锻炼”等;approved of 是“赞同”;made up 是“编造,组成”。 33.B 既然前面是 help,应该是好的方面,所以用 avoid 表示 “避免”。 34.D 根据后面的 when he hopes to run the foundation fulltime. 说明他不做工作才能全职管理基金,因此可判断是三年后退休。 35.D 第一段中提到 his community。 Ⅲ.36.Lengthened/Extended 37.debate/discussion 38.more 39.Supporters’ 40.competitive 41.unnecessary 42.way 43.solution 44.afterschool 45.change


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