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2014届高考英语一轮复习 Unit 1 Cultural relics指导课件 新人教版必修2


教材复习篇
必修二 Units 1~2

Unit 1

Cultural relics

Ⅰ.晨背5分钟
一、短语晨背 1.in search of寻找 2.belong to属于 3.in return作为报答;回报

4.at war处于交战状态

5.less than少于
6.take apart拆开 7.think highly of看重;器重 8.rather than而不是 9.serve as充当;担任

10.care about关心;在乎

二、佳句选粹 1.In a trial,a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe and which not to believe. 在审判中,一位法官必须断定哪些证人(的话)可以相信,哪 些不可以相信。 2.Nor did I think they should give it to any government. 我也认为他们不应该把它交给任何政府部门。

3.Frederick William Ⅰ,the King of Prussia,could never
have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history. 普鲁士国王腓特烈·威廉一世绝不可能想到他送给俄罗斯人 民的厚礼会有这样一段令人惊讶的历史。

Ⅱ.单词自查 1. dynasty 2. design n.朝代;王朝 n.设计;图案;构思vt.设计;计划,构思

3. fancy adj.奇特的;异样的vt.想象;设想;爱好

4. jewel
5. belong

n.珠宝;宝石
v.属于;为……的一员

6. former adj.以前的;从前的 7. local adj.本地的;当地的 8. apart adv.分离地;分别地

9. evidence

n.根据;证据

10. sink v.(sank;sunk)下沉,沉下 11. debate v.& n.争论;辩论
12. rare adj.稀罕的;珍贵的,半熟的→ rarely adv. 很 少,稀奇地→ rareness 13. valuable n.稀有;珍奇 n . 价

adj.贵重的;有价值的→ value

值;价值观;重要性v.评价;珍视;尊重
14. survive vi.& vt.幸免;幸存;生还;比……活得久→ survival n.幸存;生还

15. amaze → → amazing

vt.使吃惊;惊讶→ amazement n.惊讶 adj.令人惊奇的 v.挑选;选择→ selection adj.精选的 v.装饰;装修→ decoration n . 装饰;装饰 adj.装饰的 n.选择;精选

16. select selected 17.decorate 品→ decorative

18. reception n.接待;招待会;接收→ receive v . 收

容;接受,招待→

receivable

adj.该接受的

19. remove vt.移动;搬开;除去;脱掉→ n.移动;除去 20. doubt

removal

n.& v.怀疑;疑惑→ doubtful adj.值钱的;值得的→ worthless v.爆炸→ explosion

adj. 可 疑 (反义词)没

的,不确定的
21. worth 22. explode 有价值的;没有用的n.价值;作用 n.爆炸声;爆发 23. informal adj.非正式的→ formal (反义词)正式的

survive vt.幸免于;从……中逃生;从(困境等)中挺过

来;比……活得长
vi.幸存;活下来;继续存在 ①We need to be aware of what the birds must know if they are to survive in their natural home. 我们需要知道这些鸟如果能在大自然中的鸟巢中生存必须 知道什么。

②We have the spirit of“survive on quality,reputation and
development”business purposes , to provide customers with best quality and satisfactory products. 我们本着“以质量求生存,以信誉求发展”的企业宗旨, 为客户提供最优质及称心如意的产品。

③He is survived by his wife and two babies.
他死后留下妻子和两个幼儿。

①survive sth.幸免于……,熬过…… ②survive from从……留存下来 ③survive on靠……幸存下来 ④survival of the fittest适者生存

⑤survivor n.幸存者;生还者
⑥survival n.幸存;(继续)生存;幸存者

完成句子
①He is the only survivor (幸存者)in the earthquake. =Only he survived the big earthquake. survived(in)the ②Few buildings in Beichuan County earthquake (幸免于地震).

=Few buildings in Beichuan County are survivals of the big
earthquake. ③Fortunately,she 场交通事故中活了下来). survived the traffic accident (她在这

remain vi.保持不变;剩下;继续存在;仍是;逗留 ①Everyone remains silent/in silence. 大家仍保持沉默。 ②It remains to be seen whether you are right. 你是否正确,以后可见分晓。

③Very little remained of the house after the fire.
大火后那房子所剩无几。

①remain+adj./n./done仍然是…… ②remain in/at留在 ③sth.remains to be done某事有待于被做 ④sth.remains of sth.……所剩余的东西

⑤remaining adj.剩下的
⑥remains=ruins n.废墟

温馨提示:①remaining adj.剩余的,作前置定语;left表剩 余之意时,作后置定语。 ②remain和stay表示“保持某一状态”时可通用;但着重指 在别人已离去或事情有变动以后,继续保留或保持原本状态用

remain。

完成句子

①我在伦敦一直待到五月。
I remained in London until May. ②虽然已进入四月,天气仍然还很冷。 The weather still remains cold in April.

doubt n.& vt.怀疑;疑惑 ①I don’t doubt that Chinese diet is the healthiest in the world. 我相信中国的饮食是世界上最健康的饮食。 ②Do you doubt that I will win the prize?

你怀疑我会得奖吗?
③I doubt whether /if he will keep his promise. 我怀疑他是否会遵守诺言。

?that ①have ? ? ? ?no doubt? 不怀疑?? ? ②There is? ?about ?

③in doubt 怀疑,未确定 ④no doubt 无疑地 ⑤doubt if/whether 怀疑是否??

温馨提示:①doubt在肯定句中,其后多跟if/whether从句; 在否定、疑问句中,后跟that从句。 ②doubt“怀疑……不是”,表示不相信;suspect“怀疑…… 是”,表示相信。

句型转换

①I doubt the truth of it.
=I have doubt of/about the truth of it. ②I don’t doubt that you are honest. =I have no doubt that you are honest. ③There is some doubt(about)whether John will come on time.

=I have some doubt

whether John will come on time.

worth n.价值;分量

adj.有价值的;值得的
①This old book is worth 300 dollars. 这本旧书值300美元。 ②It’s well worth making the effort to learn how to do it.

很值得花一番功夫去学会怎么做这事。

③The company employs more than 6,000 domestic and
international staff to undertake $9.5 billion worth of project. 这家公司雇用了国内国外6 000多名员工,承担了价值95亿 美元的工程。

①be worth doing值得做 ②be worth sth.值…… ③It is worth(one’s)while doing/to do值得(某人)做 ④be worthy of sth./being done ……值(得做)

⑤be worthy to be done ……值得做

温馨提示:①be worth 后面的-ing形式不用被动结构。 ②注意下列三个形容词的意义区别: worthless adj.无价值的,没有用的 costless adj.无成本的;不需花钱的 priceless adj.无价的;贵重的;无法估价的

完成句子

①值得干的事就得干好。
What is worth doing is worth doing well. ②他的行为值得高度赞扬。 His behavior is worthy of great praise .

wonder n.奇迹;惊奇;疑惑不安

vt.对……感到惊讶;对……感到好奇;想知道
①It is a wonder that he remained alive after dropping from the roof of a ten-storied building. 他从一幢十层楼建筑物的屋顶上摔下来,仍然活着,真是

奇迹。

②No wonder he is not hungry;he has been eating sweets all
day. 难怪他不饿,他整天在吃糖果。 ③We wonder if we could see you again. 我们不知道是否能再见到你。

①do/work wonders创造奇迹 ②It’s a wonder that...令人惊奇的是/奇怪的是…… ③It’s no wonder(that).../No wonder(that).../It’s hardly any wonder(that)...难怪/不足为奇/并不奇怪……

④I wonder whether/if...我纳闷是否……
⑤I don’t wonder/Do you wonder that...? 我不纳闷……/你纳闷……吗? ⑥wonder at sth.对……感到惊奇,惊叹,惊讶

完成句子 ①我对他的话感到奇怪。

I

wonder at

what he said.

②不知道你能不能帮我忙。 I wonder whether/if you can help me.

consider vt.& vi.考虑,认为 ①I am considering going abroad for a holiday. 我正在考虑出国度假。 ②We are considering how to improve our English. 我们正在考虑如何提高我们的英语。

③Mr.Smith is considered to have visited many countries.
人们认为史密斯先生已访问过许多国家。

?sth.?n.? ? ①consider?考虑? ?doing sth. +? ?可用于进行时? ?从句 ?疑问词+to do sth. ? ?从句 ? ②consider?认为? ?sb./sth.?+to be?+n./adj. +? ?无进行时? ?sb./sth.?+as?+n./adj. ?sb.to have done ?

③all things considered考虑到所有的情况
④take sth.into consideration把……考虑在内 ⑤under consideration在考虑中 ⑥considering sth.考虑到…… ⑦considering that...考虑到……

⑧on no consideration绝不……

considerate

adj.体贴的,考虑周到的。 adj.相当的;重要的;值得考虑的。 adj.深思熟虑的;受尊敬的。 prep.&conj.考虑到;就……而言。

considerable
considered

considering

完成句子 ①我在考虑今天下午去划船。 I’m considering going boating this afternoon.

②我将他视为我最好的朋友。
I

consider him to be my best friend.

imagine vt.& vi.想象;设想;推测 ①Can you imagine life without electricity? 你能想象没有电的生活吗? ②I can’t imagine her marrying him. 我无法想象她和他结婚的情形。

③Can you imagine how worried I was then?
你能想象我当时有多么担心吗?

①imagine+名词/代词 ②imagine(sb./sb.’s)doing sth. ③imagine sb./sth.+宾补(名词,形容词,介词短语) ④imagine that/how/when...

⑤imagine so/not 认为如此/并非如此

温馨提示:①imagine后只接动名词,不接不定式作宾语。 ② imagine 与 think , believe , suppose , expect 等 词 用 法 一 致,当主语是第一人称,时态为一般现在时,后接从句时要实 行否定转移;变反意疑问句时,反问部分要与从句一致。

完成句子 ①I didn’t imagine becoming (并未想象成为)a writer in my

childhood.
②I can’t imagine him swimming out of 出)the sea. (我无法想象他游

fancy n.幻想;爱好;想象;想像力

adj.空想的;巧妙的;随心所欲的
vt.& vi.空想;假想;认为;猜想;喜爱 ①His new song caught the fancy of millions of young people. 他的新歌吸引了成千上万的年轻人。

②He has taken a great fancy to his pretty female teacher.
他非常喜欢漂亮的女教员。 ③I fancy(that) I have met her somewhere. 我觉得好像在什么地方见过她。

①fancy(sb./one’s)doing想象某人做……,真没想到…… ②fancy sb.to be 想象……是…… ③fancy sb.as想象……是 ④fancy that...认为……(=suppose that...)

⑤fancy oneself as自以为是……
⑥fancy(dress)ball化妆舞会

⑦to one’s fancy合某人的心意
⑧take a fancy to爱上 ⑨take/catch one’s fancy=take/catch the fancy of 投合某人的心意

完成句子 ①那些故事中你最喜爱哪一个? Which of the stories do you fancy most?

②你看中了什么吗?
Did anything take your fancy ?

less than少于;不如

①She spent less than 5 hours in studying her lesson every day.
她每天用于学习上的时间不到五个小时。 ②It is no less than robbery to ask for so much. 要求那么多,简直跟抢劫没两样。 ③A dolphin is no less a clever animal than a dog is.

海豚和狗同样都是聪明的动物。

①less...than...不如……

②no less than=as many/much as
与……相同;……之多;不但是,简直 ③no less...than...与……一样;不比……差 ④not less than...……以上;至少…… ⑤not less...than...不亚于……

⑥nothing less than至少……以上;不低于
⑦in less than no time一会儿,立刻 ⑧more or less或多或少

完成句子

①他不像以前那样努力工作了。
He works less than he used to. ②她走了够三英里之远。 She walked no less than three miles.

think highly of重视;看重 ①People think highly of his contributions to society. 他对社会做出了贡献,人们给予了高度评价。 ②I don’t think much of these so-called improvements to the town centre.

我对这些所谓的改善市中心的措施评价不高。
③He thought out a good way to overcome the difficulty. 他想出了一个解决困难的妙法。

①think highly/well /much of 高度评价…… ②think poorly/ill/badly of 认为……不好 ③speak well/ill of 说……的好/坏话

④speak highly of高度评价……

完成句子 ①我们对他们在这个领域里的研究评价很高。 We think highly of their research in the field. ②这家公司非常器重年轻的工程师。

The firm

thinks highly of

young engineers.

rather than而不是 ①You,rather than she,are my guest. 你是我的客人而她不是。 ②I’d like to go there in autumn rather than in summer. 我愿意秋天去那里而不愿意夏天去。

③They were screaming rather than singing.
他们在尖叫,而不是在唱歌。

①prefer to do...rather than do...? ?宁愿做??而不 ②would do...rather than do... ? ?愿做?? ③would rather do...than do... ? ④would rather(not)do 宁愿(不)干?? ⑤would rather sb.+过去式 宁愿某人现在或将来干某事

⑥would rather sb.had done宁愿某人过去干过某事
⑦would rather(not)have done sth.宁愿过去(没)干过某事⑧or rather更确切地说 ⑨other than除了 ⑩none other than正是

完成句子

①I think Tom, rather than you (而不是你)is to blame.
②I would rather stay at home (宁愿待在家中)than go out.

...because several tons of amber were used to make
it.……因为那是用好几吨琥珀做成的。 used to do表示“过去常常干某事”,现在不干了。

①I used to get along very well with my cousin and we used to

be very good friends.
我过去同我的表弟相处得很好,我们曾经是好朋友。 ②Used he/Did he use to come by bus? 他过去常常乘公共汽车来吗? ③But I was used to driving in all kinds of weather.

但我习惯于在各种气候条件下开车。

①be used to do被用来干…… ②be used to doing/sth.习惯于…… ③used to do过去常常干……

完成句子
①A knife is used to cut things (是用来切东西的). ②You will soon get used to our way of living ( 习 惯 我 们 的 生 活方式).

In a trial,a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe and which not to believe.在审判中,一位法官必须断定哪 些证人(的话)可以相信,哪些不可以相信。 疑问代词who,what,which等和疑问副词when,where, how等后面跟不定式,构成不定式短语,在句中可作主语、宾 语、表语、宾语补足语等成分。

①He showed me how to do the work.

他给我展示怎样做这项工作。
②What to do next has not been decided. 下一步做什么,还没决定。 ③Stop trying to tell me what to do all the time. (=Stop trying to tell me what I should do all the time.)

别老是命令我应该做什么。

①“疑问词+动词不定式”经常用在某些动词(短语)后作宾
语,这样的动词(短语)有:tell,show,know,learn,find out, forget,wonder等。 ②此用法中的不定式的逻辑主语需与主句的主语或宾语保 持一致,否则用相应的从句。

温馨提示:why一般不用于此结构,即不用why to do结构。 why后用不带to的不定式,即why do或why not do结构。

完成句子 ①I don’t know trouble. to whom to turn (求助于谁)when I am in

②Please tell me how to do it (如何做那件事).


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